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Assistant Pastor Chicago Avenue Church. 



Annual Meeting 1 

Pray for the Conference 1 

The Churches and the Lodge 2 

A Hindoo Mason 2 

'"Handmade" 2 

What to Read 2 

Lodge Banquets and Balls 2 

Conclave of 1901 3 

Oddfellow's Funeral 3 

Skeleton, Dead Tree or Painted Ship. .3 

Cowan .... 5 


Apart from Christ 4 

Ritualism and Secret Societies....... 5- 

Opinions of Pastors and Educators Op- 
posed to Secret Societies. . 6-23 

Commend Organized Secrecy 23-26 


L. P. Nielsen . , . . ..... 5- 

INDEX to Volume XXXII .#(', 32 


Louisville and Nashville Railway 26- 

Fischer Real Estate 2fr 


"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend, 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 

Vice President— Rev. J. Riemersma, Sioux 
Center, Iowa. 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— William 
1. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Elliott Whipple, John M. Hitch- 
cock and Herman A. Fischer. 

T. B. Arnold, C. A. Blanchard, E. A. Cook, 
J. M. Hitchcock, C. J. Holmes, P. W. Rada- 
baugh, E. Whipple, Edgar B. Wylie, H. F. 
Kletzing, S. B. Shaw, T. M. Chalmers. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, Boston, Mass.; 
Rev. P. B. Williams, Salem, Ore.; Rer. 
William Fenton, St. Paul, Minn.; Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard. Washington. D. C. 

'Jesus answered him,— I spab openly to the world; and in weret hare I said nothing." John 18:20. 


CHICAGO. MAY, 1900. 


The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



22/ West Madison Street, Chicago. 


Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second clas 


PRICE.— Per year, m advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES.-Wc find that a large number 
of our s'ubscribe-rs prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in ease 
they tail to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, H we are advised that a 
subscription is a presen-t and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we win majke a memoranaum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 

Addres all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 22 1 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

1 "i - ■ - — * 


Of the National Christian Association, 
JSflay ******** 

The annual meeting- of the National 
Christian Association will occur on 
Thursday. May io> 1900, at iJ<^oo o'clock 
a. m., in the Carpenter Building. 2>\ 
West Madison street. Chicago, 111., for 
the election of officers, and the transac- 
tion of other important business. 

SaHHjel-iir-Swa***, President. 
Nora II. Kellogg. 4\ec. Scc- 

We would urge the plan that at some 
convenient hour during next Sabbath, 
May 6, prayer meetings be held for the 
success of the annual conference and 
business meeting, wherever two or three 
who sympathize with its objects can get 
together. This meeting will be to con- 
tinue the battle against the arch-enemy 
of the church of Christ, and to set for- 
ward the standard of the Lord's hosts. 
But we have no power against the devil 
except through Christ Jesus who has 
conquered him. It is by faith in Christ's 
victory we must also conquer. Let there 
be thousands of prayer meetings for this 
blessing on the annual meeting. 

The index to Vol. XXXII.. printed in 
this number, will be very helpful to those 
who keep a file of the Christian Cynosure. 

Among the contributors to the thirty- 
second volume of The Cynosure, which 
closed with April, are : Rev. H. H. Hin- 
man, Jacob Achart, Rev. J. P. McDon- 
ald. Theron Palmeter, Eugene B. Wil- 
lard. Rev. N. R. Johnson," Josiah W. 
Leeds, Mrs. E. Ronayne, Rev. O. T. Lee. 
Edward Brakeman, Rev. J. B. Galloway, 
Eld. Hugh Copeland, Rev. Simpson Elv. 
W. T. Ellis, President C. A. Blanchard, 
E. Cronenwett, T. H. Gault, Esq., Ed- 
mond Ronayne, Rev. Jno. Brown, Cyrus 
Smith, C. M. Aitken, Elizabeth E. Flagg, 
Nora E. Kellogg, Rev. E. S. Carr, C. A. 
S. Temple, Rev. D. B. Gunn, Rev. I. M. 
Foster, Rev. J. P. Stoddard. Rev. O. S. 
Grinnell, J. M. Hitchcock. Rev. f. Groen, 
Mary J. Elliott, Prof. ]. M. Coleman. 
Rev. W. T. Campbell, I"). 1).. Rex. Thos. 
M. Chalmers, Rev. John F. Hanson. Rev. 
L. X. Stratton, Rev. G. M. Robb, Rev. 


May, 1900. 




In uniting with any of the societies, 
which are so numerous, every man has 
some object. That object is either to 
help himself or help others. The object 
is generally self-help. These orders are 
not philanthropic. Their appeal is to the 
selfishness that is naturally in the human 
heart. They invite a man to enter a cer- 
tain elect circle for his advantage, but 
the peculiar advantage arises from the 
fact that this circle includes a limited 
number and hence the advantage of the 
few is at the expense of the great body 
of mankind. Their appeal is to the basest 
elements in man. 

But the question naturally arises, Will 
this cause really help the man himself or 
any one else ? In the words of Christ, we 
get an answer to this question in John 
15 : 5 (R. Y.), "Apart from me ye can do 
nothing." That in his lodge connection 
a man is placed "apart from Christ" may 
be decried by some, but the fact is they 
are. Certainly it cannot be justly doubt- 
ed that in those lodges that omit the 
name of Christ from their ritual and even 
expurgate that name from those portions 
of God's word, which are used in the 
ritual, the members place themselves 
"apart from Christ." And even those 
lodges which do not go to such a length 
in setting Christ aside, but, which are 
in direct defiance of the whole example 
and teaching of Christ in the principle of 
secrecy, which is fundamental to them 
all. are placed ''apart from Christ." 

On the best of authority we know that 
apart from Christ a man can do nothing. 
This is not saying that a man who is sep- 
arated from Christ can effect absolutely 
nothing. We know that some of the 
most ungodly men, who have ever lived 
have been men of intense energy of char- 
acter and have left their mark on the 
world for many generations. The idea 
is not that he cannot do anything, for he 
may do much that is evil, but the charac- 
ter of what he does. Christ was talking 

of fruit bearing. He said: "I am the 
vine, ye are the branches ; he that abideth 
in me and I in him the same bringeth 
forth much fruit, for apart from me ye 
can do nothing." Christ meant that he 
could bear no fruit. There is much done 
in the world that is not fruit. Doubtless 
there is much done by disciples of Christ 
that is not fruit, because it is not the 
overflow of the life of Christ in them, but 
is the result of their own energy. But is 
anything except fruit of any real benefit 
or permanent value? Christ is looking 
for fruit and nothing else is of any value 
in his sight, just as the fruit on the vine 
is the overflow of the life of the vine in 
the branch, so the fruit Christ wants is 
the overflow of his own life in his child. 
It is hard to see how that which a man 
accomplishes through his lodge connec- 
tion is the fruit that Christ looks for, and 
hence judged by Christ's standard, he is 
doing nothing. Much that passes 
among men as of real value is but chaff 
in the eyes of Christ, only to be burned. 

It may seem like a do-nothing policy 
to stand apart from all the organizations 
of the day, with their commanding influ- 
ence, and many a man is deceived into 
thinking that because an organization has 
influence that therefore it is doing some- 
thing. But is it a do-nothing policy ? Is 
not the real do-nothing policy that which 
busies itself building structures which 
the breath of the Almighty shall con- 
sume? Such labor is like building forts 
or snow and ice in January and depend- 
ing on these to be a protection against 
the enemy in June. 

Let everyone learn that his lodge con- 
nection is not helping him to accomplish 
anything. Let the church of God learn 
that all this trumpeting and display of 
the lodge is no proof that anything of 
lasting value is accomplished. "The 
kingdom of God cometh not with obser- 
vation." The fruit on the vine is not 
produced by noise and trumpet and much 
spectacular display, but silently and un- 
observed it grows there by the quiet 
process of nature. Apart from Christ 
man can accomplish nothing, and just in 
proportion as he is handicapped by 
Christless lodge connections is his effort 
fruitless and vain. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

May, 1900. 




Many, perhaps most people, delight in 
ritualism. This is manifest alike in the 
plays of children and in. forms of wor- 
ship. Nearly all religions are ritualistic. 
This is especially true in both Pagan and 
Mohammedan worship. Of the Chris- 
tian sects a great majority conform to a 
ritualistic service. Indeed there is but 
a small part of Protestantism of which it 
can be said that the worship is purely 

There is a growing" tendency in all our 
American churches towards a ceremonial 
worship. It is an easy substitute for 
w r aning spirituality. The distinctively 
ritualistic churches are leading all others 
in the increase in members. This is es- 
pecially true in our cities. 

The ritualism of Sun-worship, the old- 
est and most prevalent form Of Pagan- 
ism, was a scenic representation of life, 
death and a resurrection. This is the 
basis of Freemasonry and is exempli- 
fied, especially in the third degree, where 
the candidate personates Hiram Abif, is 
symbolically slain, buried and raised from 
the dead. This and many similar cere- 
monies would seem to be anything but 
attractive to a thoughtful mind, and well 
might Washington exclaim that "for the 
most part they are mere child's play." 
And yet to many men they are highly at- 

Shortly after the great Knight Tem- 
plars, conclave in Chicago in 1880, I 
asked an Episcopal minister, who was 
himself a high Mason, what it was that 
called together such a great multitude 
and at such vast expense? And he re- 
plied that it was: "Play, mere play." 
Would that it were no more than play 
and were not made the occasion of sins 
against God and crimes against man. 

But really the ritual of the recent or- 
ders is what makes them so attractive. 
This, together with the love of the mys- 
tery and the admiration for high-sound- 
ing titles, create the powerful trend to- 
wards the lodge system. Doubtless some 
seek a connection with the lodge as a 
substitute for Christianity, some for love 
of gain or to seek high official position ; 
but to most it is the same motive which 

leads people to the theater and to the 
ritualistic church — a delight in the per- 
formances. 1 f these are gorgeous or even 
grotesque, the order will be correspond- 
ingly attractive. To eradicate a principle 
so strongly entrenched in human nature 
is hopeless, but to restrain and regulate 
it should be our task. 

The remedy for ritualism in the 
churches is a higher spiritual life. The 
remedy for lodgism is such a presenta- 
tion of the gospel of Christ and its power 
to make men holy and happy that the 
folly and wickedness of lodge ceremonies 
and lodge covenants shall in contrast be 
abundantly apparent. 

Oberlin, ( )hio. 


This purely Masonic term is derived from 
the Greek "Kuon," a dog. In the early ages, 
when the mysteries of religion were communi- 
cated only to initiates under the veil of se- 
crecy, the infidel and unbaptized profane 
were called "dogs.'* a term probably sug- 
gested by such passage of Scripture as in 
Matthew vii.. 6, "Give not that which is holy 
unto the dogs, neither cast ye pearls before 
swine, lest they trample them under their 
feet, and turn again and rend you." Then in 
Phillipians iii.. 2. "Beware of dogs, beware 
of evil workers, beware of concision.*" 
Hence "Kuon." or dog. meant, among the 
early fathers, one who had not been initiated 
into mysteries. The term was borrowed by 
the Freemasons, and in time corrupted into 

Some of them are very good dogs, and 
quite above being called opprobrious 
names. As a Scotch Free Mason used 
to say to his son when the young man 
began to talk about joining the same or- 
der, "Ye can be a verra good 111011 lad- 
die wi'out being a Mason.'' 


Columbus Grove, ( )lii<>. Feb. 15. 1000. 

I have been a Past Grand, also Chap- 
lain and Grand Chaplain, but belong to 
no secret order now and am opposed to 
the whole brood. I am taking the Cyno- 
sure and like it very much. 

E. I. Bushonsr. 

There are fifty Masonic lodges in Paris, 


May, 1900. 



Chicago Theological Seminary. 
"I am decidedly opposed to secrecy, it is 
foolish or harmful. Ought not to be tol- 
erated in a free government. The spirit 
of fraternity and insurance is all right, 
but secret orders are too narrow and self- 
ish. Anything good can be done hon- 
estly and openly." 


Pastor's Assistant of Chicago Avenue 

(Moody) Church. 

"I suppose I ought to know something 
about Masonry, as I have taken some 
twelve or fifteen degrees in it and have 
been an officer of my lodge at Guthrie 
Center, Iowa. Until I was converted to 
Christ I was a notoriously wicked man, a 
gambler, a drinker, and dissipated in 
other ways known to evil men. 

"I spent a small fortune in years of dis- 
sipation while a member of my lodge, 
and yet no minister in the lodge ever ex- 
horted me to desist from my reckless 
course or offered to direct me " to the 
Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin 
of the world. Christian men tell me now 
that they join secret societies that they 
may influence men for good. They will 

very soon lose their own spirituality in- 
side the average lodge-room. Of course 
the lodge is invested with enough formal 
religiousness to make the ordinary 
preacher feel at ease while he works the 
members, hoping to increase the attend- 
ance at his church, or multiply the 
shekels in the contribution box. Special 
inducements are offered to the clergy to 
join, and then their names are heralded 
for advertising purposes. After my con- 
version to Christ the lodge lost its charm 
to me, and many lodge scenes seemed a 
mockery. So long as a man is in the 
broad road that leads to death, it may be 
the lodge is just as good a place as any, 
but I pity the poor starved child of God 
who seeks comfort and strength from a 
society so largely of the Godless."} 


Professor of Poetry in the Chicago Uni- 
He belongs to no secret order and has 
never regarded them with much favor. 
His father was a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, but very seldom if ever attend- 
ed the lodge. Had never favored even 
college fraternities, and thought them 
nests from which are often hatched un- 
wholesome schemes and unmanly in- 
trigues. At an early day in the history of 
the University a strong unfavorable sen- 
timent to secret orders was found to ex- 
ist in the faculty, but for prudential rea- 
sons no official action was taken further 
than not to encourage fraternities. Prof. 
Wilkinson could not recall a single in- 
stance of an intense lodg'e man being a 
verv devout Christian. 

President of the Chicago Lutheran Theo- 
logical Seminary. 
''Secret societies are anti-Christian in 
their character, a dangerous foe to the 
family, the state, and the church, and I 
cannot see how any true Christian can 
either join them, or, if he has been be- 
guiled into entering them, how it is pos- 
sible for him, with a clean heart, to remain 
in them." (II. Cor. 6: 14, 15.) 

May. 1900. 


Pastor First Christian Church. 
"These societies seem to me to be nei- 
ther an unmixed good, or an unmixed 
evil, though their tendency is to self- 
righteousness. They consume time, 
strength and money. Their lessons of 
fraternity seem commendable. Their in- 
surance and relief features are good, but 
all this could be better done through the 
church. The lodge is organized selfish- 
ness, while the church is organized be- 
nevolence. I think a better use of time 
and money can be made than give them 
to the secret lodge." 

DR. W. C. GRAY, 

Editor of the Interior. 
"The gregarious instinct in man is the 
foundation of society. Primarily with 
him, as with other communistic animals, 
the motive is personal safety, but it is 
heightened and refined and made delight- 
ful by the interplay and exercise of the in- 
tellectual faculties in speech. This in- 
stinct, the gratification of which is as nec- 
essary to intellectual life as food is to the 
physical, irresistibly brings men togeth- 
er in societies — so we have churches, 
clubs and the great number and variety 
of secret orders. Now the question is, 
how can this instinct be satisfied in a 
manner which shall bring the greatest 

good to the greatest number ? One would 
say without much hesitation, in the free- 
to-all, all-welcoming church. That is ob- 
vious at first sight, and needs no argu- 
ment — and it is equally obvious that the 
church does not satisfy the social in- 
stincts, even of its own members. The se- 
cret orders appear to meet the demand 
better, and they mix in a quasi religious- 
ness to satisfy the religious instincts, so 
that an order-man is not usually a 
churchman.y To my mind it is obvious 
that the secret orders do not so satisfy 
the social instinct as to be of the greatest 
good to the greatest number — indeed, 
they make no profession of trying to do 
so. They are avowedly mutual benefit 
and not public-benefit associations. I 
think this is wrong. I think every man 
is in duty bound to employ his social tal- 
ents in giving pleasure and culture and 
encouragement to men as men, and not 
to men as Masons or Odd Fellows, or 
churchmen. )This is not denying that we 
may have our circles of preferred friends, 
chosen because of mutual congeniality; 
but it is denying that we have a right to 
erect artificial barriers to the interflow 
of congeniality. The pass-word and the 
grip should be none other than worthy 
manhood and reliability of character. 
This idea is what the church stands for 
theoretically, but does not realize practi- 
cally. It does not attract and hold all 
men of good motives and good character. 
Great numbers of them seek in secret or- 
ders something that they desire, but do 
not find in the churches. The reason for 
this ought to be sought out and removed. 
The churches are clearly right on their 
ethical and social foundations and theo- 
ries, and the secret and exclusive orders 
are as clearly wrong. The churches rep- 
resent the democracy of worthy man- 
hood ; the secret orders represent a select 
and exclusive and therefore, to that ex- 
tent, a selfish aristocracy. Let the secret 
orders go into the churches, and while 
they are themselves transformed into so- 
cial democrats, in the natural meaning 
of the term, let them loosen up or break 
up the hierarchical pride and spiritual ex- 
clusiveness of the churches. This would 
make a body of genuine Christians — gen- 
nine disciples of the Carpenter of Naz- 
areth, who, though he was the loftiest be- 
ing that ever stood upon the earth, was 


May, 1900. 

brother to the publican and benefactor of 
the outcast courtesan. Both the orders 
and the churches need to strip them- 
selves of their pharisaical robes, and put 
on the seamless robe of Jesus Christ — the 
ro ? >e of manhood, as fitting to the king- 
as to the peasant." 


Superintendent of the Chicago Bible So- 

*T have been asked to express my 
views of oath bound secret societies. 
Freemasonry furnishes a conspicuous 
example. I judge it by its fruits and by 
the professions and confessions of mem- 

"It may be called an insurance com- 
pany, or a Mutual Aid Society to those 
members whose dues are paid. It has 
numbers and wealth and builds costly 
temples for revenue. It might found 
great public libraries and beneficent insti- 
tutions, but does it? Members within it 
have expressed to me the feeling that its 
claims take precedence of those of civil 
government or the Christian church. A 
member of a church of which I was pas- 
tor, in a large city, said to me that if he 
must choose between the church and Ma- 
sonry, he must choose Masonry. He 
was Superintendent of Schools. This 
man afterward became a wreck, physi- 

cally and morally ; he died a miserable 
death and yet at his funeral he was read 
into "the Grand Lodg-e_aJ}ove," contrary 
to Christ's teachings. M have found that 
young men who first join the lodge are 
not likely to come into the Christian 
church, and that men who belong to both 
the lodge and the church are likely to be 
truerto the former than they are to the 
latter. Ministers of the gospel who have 
joined the lodge have afterward in pri- 
vate confessed that it is a hindrance to 
spiritual life and Christian usefulness. " 


Missionary Chicago Messiah Mission to 
"I would say of secret societies that 
they are the great instrument of Satan for 
breaking down the power of the church 
of Christ. They bring about a paralysis 
of the church by bridging the gulf be- 
tween the church and the w r orld. Chris- 
tian men go into the lodge, and from that 
time onward they are useless as wit- 
nesses to Christ. The pulpit is silenced 
in its fight against all moral evil, for all 
forms of unrighteousness are akin and 
are leagued together in self-defense. You 
cannot strike one of these without strik- 
ing the lodge. Satanic strategy and in- 
genuity are strikingly displayed in gath- 
ering church members into the lodges, 
thereby aligning the professed witnesses 
of God with those who are agents of Sa- 
tan in every form of ungodliness. Israel 
failed and lost her place as a witness to 
God through her alliance with the false 
worships of the day. And the church of 
•to-day is in sore danger of losing her 
place as a witnessing body through her 
alliance with the world." 

Pastor First Swedish Baptist Church. 
"Secret societies are in the main a men- 
ace to the church of God, in that they 
take men and women away from the 
home and its influences. They occupy 
the time which might otherwise be de- 
voted to the service of God and fellow- 
men. They use any and all means to win 
and hold the interest of their members, 
irrespective of its influence upon the 
work and progress of the church of God. 
They endeavor to get men to believe that 
any other religion than the society is tin- 

May, 1900. 


necessary and superfluous. They exact 
a pledge and promise from their mem- 
bers which they, as church members, 
would not think of living up to with 
brethren and fellow-members of the 
church of God. For these and many 
other reasons I see in the organized sys- 
tem of secretism of to-day a hindrance to 
the mission and work of the church." 

and have no relish for the church ; you 
need not go outside of my own parish to 
verify this statement." 

McCormick Theological Seminary, Chi- 

Dr. Johnson did not quite believe, as 
some one said of human slavery, that se- 
cret societies are the sum of all villainies, 
yet they were of no use to the church or 
to our homes. He had sometimes been 
importuned to join some secret temper- 
ance society, but had never done so, not 
but that he believed in temperance and 
would not object to signing a pledge or 
even joining the society if he knew it 
would help a weak brother to live without 

Some of the best men he ever knew be- 
longed to some of the older orders of se- 
crecy — just why he never knew. His 
principal objection to Masonry is that it 
is Christlessly religious and it narrows its 
beneficences to the few while the gospel 
is for all the world. 

Pastor Garfield Park M. E. Church. 
"I believe their influence bad, destruc- 
tive of church and home. Men become 
satisfied with the religion of the lodge 

Pastor First Free Methodist Church, Ev- 
an ston. 

"Secrecy cannot bear the light and is 
based upon the principles of moral dark- 

"The lodge interferes with a man's ob- 
ligations to his family, is contrary to the 
marriage covenant, also to the words of 
Jesus, who said, 'And they twain shall be 
one flesh.' Secrecy is opposed to good 
government, both in church and state. It 
is anti-Christian because it professes a re- 
ligion without a Christ. It is unscrip- 
tural and its tendency is to corrupt the 
church, state and national government. 

"Secrecy is not the charitable organi- 
zation it professes to be or its doors 
would be thrown wide open to the needy 
everywhere. We consider its influence 
seductive and dangerous to society, its 
ceremonies diabolical and degrading in 
their nature. 

"The laws of secret societies are,- as a 
rule, opposed to and held paramount to 
the laws of a free government, and are 
considered more binding than the obli- 
gations and duties they owe to their 
country. They are opposed to equality 
and justice and I believe had their origin 
in heathenish countries." 


Pastor First Congregational Church, 

Oak Park, 111. 

"I have what I count a reasonable pre- 
judice against secret societies. I hold as 
a general principle that no good cause re- 
quires permanent secrecy and no bad one 
deserves it.. That secret societies do good 
I gladly admit ; that they might do more 
good if not secret and if less exclusive, I 
believe. ' There is occasional need of se- 
crecy in time of public peril); there is need 
that police officers and others who must 
deal with crime shall employ methods 
which cannot at the time be made public. 
But all such occasions are temporary, and 
all methods then employed ought later to 
justify themselves in the light of full pub- 
lic disclosure. 

"I do not see the need of secret devices 



May, 1900. 

for merely fraternal or insurance organi- 
zations. And the occasional revelations 
of silly or barbarous initiations, not infre- 
quently resulting in death or serious bod- 
ily injury, show that even good men are 
led to do things in the lodge room which 
they would count unmanly outside. I 
have no word against lodge benevolence 
except that it is largely insurance, and 
when insurance is neither the safest nor 
the best insurance. Even so I do not 
condemn it, nor yet for any other good or 
harmless thing. But to my certain knowl- 
edge lodge membership sometimes lays a 
burden upon the conscience of a citizen 
in the discharge of his duties, and I do 
not believe that any organization ought 
to exist in America at the doors of whose 
lodges the courts stop. I do not count 
myself an extreme opponent of secret so- 
cieties, but I advise young men to make 
haste slowly in entering them." 

REV. W. T. MELOY, D. D. 
Pastor of United Presbyterian Church. 
"We are unfavorable to any and all so- 
cieties which exist by oath-bound se- 
crecy. Xo man has a right to obligate 
himself with an oath to do that which is 
yet concealed from him. Jeptha tried it 
and paid a terrific price for the experi- 
ment. Herod tried it and committed 
murder as a result. No man has a moral 

right to bind himself with an oath to for- 
ever conceal what is yet unknown to him 
from his wife. Loyalty to the great Head 
of the church demands that his name 
should not be eliminated from prayer. 
The best place for a man is at home with 
family. We admit no member of a secret 
society to our fellowship." 

Wheaton College. 

"Lodges interfere with church and ed- 
ucational work, and especially is this true 
since the lodges have taken in so many 
of our women. The material aid and best 
thought seem to be diverted from the 
church and religious channels to the 
lodge. Initiations as practiced by many 
societies have repeatedly proven injuri- 
ous to body, and their silly practices are 
hurtful to mind and soul. I know many 
claim the religion of the lodge is as good 
as any, but the more intelligent members 
repudiate this. 

"At best the lodge is not a divinely-in- 
stituted body and of course can have new 
power of regeneration." 

Pastor Warren Avenue Congregational 
"I have come to believe after a number 
of years of experience that as the church; 
seems important to one and as the Chris- 
tian life becomes eager and full of mean- 
ing that there is smaller space in one's 
time for secret orders. True, secret so- 
cieties greatly differ, and they cannot all 
be measured by the same standards. Yet 
as a rule they require time, money and 
thought, while their returns are not uni- 
versally helpful. I do not say that they 
are sinful, while I believe that in many 
cases they have proved harmful, yet I 
think that not a few give too much time 
to them. When one plans the investment 
of his life and influence there are oppor- 
tunities offered which will yield larger re- 
turns, and one may well consider their 
value. To me the church is the noblest, 
holiest institution in the world, and I am 
seeking to lead men into it. Some orders 
may in no way conflict, being mere in- 
surance societies, yet others do fill men's 
lives and thoughts, thus keeping them 
from giving themselves to the church. I 


May, 1900. 



belong to no secret order. While I am 
quite willing that each one should settle 
this question for himself, yet, when you 
ask me for my opinion I can but say that 
I feel on the whole that they are injuri- 
ous, and that Christian people would do 
well to be free from them." 


Pastor German Lutheran Church, Blue 


"The church should discourage secret 
orders, especially for two reasons: 

"First, their oaths are contrary to 
Scripture, and, 

"Second, they teach a spurious relig- 

"Our church would admit no one to its 
fellowship who is bound by an oath to his 

Pastor of the Sheffield Avenue Evangeli- 
cal Association Church. 
"Secret societies are detrimental in 
that they cause their members to look to 
some other source than Jesus Christ for 
salvation. We could not knowingly ad- 
mit an adhering member of any oath- 
bound society to our church fellowship. 
We offer our church members some- 
thing better than the lodges do and never 
have any trouble or fault-finding." 

Pastor St. James Evangelical Church. 

"I belong to the Missouri synod, 
which is equivalent to saying I am op- 
posed to all secret societies. I believe 
them thoroughly unscriptural and that 
they are misleading and harmful in their 
religious teaching." 

"Would you make no exception to this 
partial and apparently severe arraign- 

"I think they all spring from the same 
root," the pastor replied. 

Pastor Christian Church, Englewood. 
"Although I belong myself to some of 
the older secret orders, I must say that I 
think they detract from religious ser- 
vices ; because many of these societies 
make much of the Bible, the average man 
seems to look upon his lodge as having a 
saving religion. They require money 
and time which might be better devoted 
to the church. I have never known a 
man to be converted in the lodge or 
through the lodge instrumentality." . 

The Rev. Dr. B. Carradine, Oak Park, 
who is both pastor and evangelist, econ- 
omized time by referring the interviewer 
to a booklet in which, from his stand- 
point, he seems to discuss the question 
with a spirit of fairness. We have room 
only for the statement of his seventeen 
propositions, omitting his discussions. 

1. The objection of Masons to a full 
examination of their society is to be con- 
strued unfavorably to them. 

2. The feature of secrecy is objection- 

3. The method of initiation is wrong. 

4. A forcible objection is the costliness 
of these orders. It costs you $10 to S125 
to get in. 

5. The political influence of secret fra- 

6. These secret fraternities are rapidly 
becoming clubs and convivial gatherings. 

7. Secret fraternities strike at the hap- 
piness of the home. 

8. These fraternities rob Christ of his 

9. The fraternity hurts us in the matter 
of church attendance. 



May, 1900. 

10. The fraternity hurts the church 

11. The evil of chaplaincy. 

12. The fraternity have captured much 
of our preaching talent. This means, of 
course,, a muzzled pulpit in every quar- 

13. The fraternity is used by many as a 
substitute for the church. 

14. Many of these fraternities are strik- 
ing at the sanctity of the Sabbath. 

15. This active membership in these 
fraternities will certainly harm the spir- 
ituality of a Christian. 

16. In all of the fraternities and in all 
the degrees of Masonry under the 
Knights Templar, the name of Jesus 
Christ is omitted. 

17. There is no absolute necessity for 
these societies. 

Editor of the Advance. 
"In a perfect state of society there 
would, perhaps, be no secret societies, 
for there would be no need of them. But 
in society as it exists there is a vast num- 
ber of them, and every year a vast sum of 
money is spent for their support, some of 
it helpfully, in paying insurance benefits 
and in caring for the sick and helpless, 
but much of it foolishly, in taking degrees 
which do not lift one nearer heaven, in 
trappings which do not adorn, in ban- 
quets which feed men who are not hun- 
gry, in laying corner-stones which could 
be laid just as well with less fuss, and in 
services which smack more or less of re- 
ligion but do not and cannot take the 
place of the church of Christ. I am quite 
certain that these millions might be spent 
more helpfully through humanitarian in- 
stitutions, through open societies, and by 
religious organizations. But lots of men 
prefer to administer it under cover of 
grips and passwords and behind lodge 
doors, and until the church of Christ rep- 
resents the spirit of Christ and does His 
will more perfectly than she does at pres- 
ent, she should not too severely blame 
these men. I have noticed this : that ar- 
dent lodge men are seldom ardent Chris- 
tians, and that when men are filled with 
the Holy Spirit and are zealously work- 
ing for the advancement of Christ's king- 
dom they do not become members of 
lodges, or if they are Masons they do not 

work at it very much. Secret orders will 
be overcome positively, by the advance- 
ment of that 'Pure religion and undented 
before God and the Father,' of which the 
Apostle James speaks, not negatively, by 
fighting secret orders." 

Assistant Superintendent Moody Bible 
"It seems to me that the duty of fol- ) * 

lowers of the Lord Jesus Christ is very 
plain as to this matter of secret societies. 
In the first place our Lord's example is 
against the whole principle. He said, 'I 
have spoken openly to the world. In 
secret spake I nothing.' (John 18: 20.) 
And the spirit of Christianity, which is 
universal, worldwide and unselfish in its 
evangelistic and benevolent character, 
cannot be reconciled for a moment with 
the spirit of societies whose avowed aim 
is to benefit their own circle, their 'ini- 
tiates.' But the final word to the obedi- 
ent Christian is found in II. Corinthians, 
sixth chapter, where God says to His 
children, 'Come ye out from among them, 
and be ye separate; be not unequally 
yoked with unbelievers ; what portion 
hath a believer with an unbeliever ?' This 
is not, as at first it might seem, a denial of 
the principle first stated. Christians are 
to go gladly out to the world in blessing 
and unselfish charity. But they are called 
to a holy walk of separation from fellow- 
ship with the world that has crucified its 
Lord. Now every one knows that all se- 
cret societies are composed of unbeliev- 
ers and professing Christians indiscrim- 
inately. No enlightened Christian can 
remain in. such connections, and obey 


Pastor Bethel African M. E. Church. 

He declared his race to be greatly in- 
terested in secret societies, but they were 
not helpful to religious work. 

Many societies have a quasi religion 
and morality based upon some doubtful 
sentiment which lulls the consciences of 
men who cling to the world. 

Whether so designed or not men make 
it a substitute for the religion of Jesus 
Christ, and in this way it is misleading. 

Neither are secret orders charitable as 

May, 1900. 



they claim. One has to sicken or die to 
worm anything out of them. The lodge 
may be helpful to our people in the way 
of discipline. Some hold office and oth- 
ers are taught to obey, which is a useful 

Evanston, Illinois. 
"If secret societies lessen one's affec- 
tion for the family circle, or one's inter- 
est in the religious life of the commun- 
ity, they are harmful. If the secrets or 
aims of societies are such as wives may 
not know, danger lurks near. They often 
tend, no doubt, toward friendships found- 
ed on artificial relations, not on real char- 
acter and merit. They afford some inno- 
cent enjoyments and advantages, mostly 
of a social nature, but they are not with- 
out perils to many men. A man with a 
good home does not need the average se- 
cret society, and I suspect most wives 
would vote against it. The family, the 
business and the church, and the social 
relations which grow naturally out of 
them, are sufficient for most men." 


Professor of Political and Social Science 

in Wheaton College. 

"I have observed the workings of se- 
cret societies from New England to New 
Mexico, and from Canada to the middle 
of Alabama, and the following are some 
of the conclusions I have reached : 

"i. The interest of church members in 
church work is usually inversely propor- 
tioned to their interest in the work of se- 
cret societies, 

"2. Non-Christians who are members 
of secret societies, often, if not generally, 
consider such relationship as a good sub- 
stitute for church membership, and I 
have frequently heard such persons say 
that living up io their lodge obligations 
would be a better preparation for the fu- 
ture life than that attained to by the av- 
erage church member. 

"3. Numerous cases in which Freema- 
sons, guilty of murder or other crimes, 
escape the due penalty of the law, con- 
vince me that in many instances judges, 
jurors, sheriffs, and other officials regard 
as binding their oaths to assist brother 
Masons in distress, and give such oaths 
the preference whenever they conflict 

with their official oaths and duties to so- 

"4. The facility with which multitudes 
of unworthy and unfit men, who are 
members of secret societies, get into offi- 
cial positions, from the lowest even to the 
highest, forces me to the belief that their 
claims in regard to the 'advantages' of 
such alliances are not unfounded. 

"5. I have not witnessed the effect of 
secret societies on home life, but from 
the nature of the case I judge that when 
a husband or wife becomes closely asso- 
ciated with any organization from which 
his or her life companion is excluded, 
there must result to a greater or less ex- 
tent a weakening of the home ties and a 
consequent injury to home life. 

"6. Confidence is the cement of so- 
ciety, and when some members of so- 
ciety combine for mutual advantage and 
keep their doings secret from all the rest 
they are justly suspected of seeking to 
benefit themselves at the expense of out- 
siders, and so the harmonious co-opera- 
tion of society as a whole is greatly hin- 

"Furthermore, selfishness is a great 
quality of human nature that needs no 
cultivation, but the fundamental prin- 
ciples of secret societies is combined self- 
ishness, their benefits and favors are for 
members only, and their tendency is to 
develop selfishness and even to make 
their members regard it as a virtue. 

"I find no suitable place or function 
for secret societies in a free and en- 
lightened country." 

Pastor First Baptist Church, Chicago. 
"We are often told in vaunting speech 
of the illustrious names that have given 
their sanction to secret societies. No mat- 
ter for that — the name of Jesus is above 
every name, and his name is recorded in 
reprobation of thenO Let us follow in 
his footsteps and emulate his spirit, and 
so shall we deserve the designation which 
he himself has given us, The children of 

light.' " 


Pastor of Congregational Church at Au- 
burn Park. 
Declared that he had been a member of 
the Masonic fraternity for over thirty 



May, 1900. 

years — supposed he was yet in good and 
regular standing, although almost never 

Thinks the society at present is unfa- 
vorable to church work. There has been 
an unwise effort made on the part of some 
to substitute the lodge for the church. 
Masonry seems quite different in the 
North from Masonry in the South. In 
Chicago they seem to admit to fellowship 
drunkards and profane men. A saloon- 
man down South would not be admitted. 
In ninety-nine cases out of a hundred an 
active church man who joins the lodge 
drops out or loses his interest in the 

Mr. Stone said it was true that in the 
first degrees "Christ" was omitted from 
the ritual, but it must be remembered 
that Ancient Masonry antedated the birth 
of Christ, which might explain it. In re- 
ply to the direct question whether he 
would advise a young man to join the 
Masonic fraternity, the pastor said: "I 
have sons who are of suitable age for 
membership, but none belong. I should 
advise a man to keep out of the lodge un- 
less I knew him to be a young man of ex- 
ceptional stamina. I might tell him it 
would be of some business help." 


President of Wheaton College. 
"Secret societies affect churches in two 
ways. First, they deprive them of mem- 

bers, and, second, corrupt them in their 
doctrines. Men cannot take time, money 
or thought for a number of religious or- 
ganizations. If they are faithful and 
thorough in their relations to one they 
do well. The result is that our churches 
have become very largely female, while 
the men attend the lodges, the liquor 
shops, the gambling dens, and other 
places of like sort. That would be evil 
enough, but in addition the lodges are 
teaching, in all our cities, towns and 
country places, the religion in which all 
men agree ; that is, that there is a God, 
that men ought to live right, and that 
they are likely to live in a future state, 
this life being ended. They want to live 
right and to go to heaven, or "the Grand 
Lodge above," as they call it, without re- 
penting or confessing their sins, or 
changing their lives. Any religion which 
makes men hope that they can do this de- 
stroys the men who believe it and reacts 
powerfully on the churches. Some min- 
isters are in these Pagan organizations. 
They may profess to believe the truths of 
the Bible, but they do not, and all their 
preaching is affected by the natural re- 
ligion which they have learned in the 
lodges and in the teachings of which they 
share. The result is that in our churches 
which call themselves orthodox there are 
multitudes of Unitarians, Universalists 
and infidels. Revivals are less frequent 
and less powerful than they used to be, 
because men do not believe the truths 
which naturally produce revivals. Men 
hold up the hand, or sign a card, or join 
a church, and go right on living the old 
world life. In many instances they do 
not confess their sins to God or man, do 
not restore things which they have 
wrongfully taken from others, do not es- 
tablish family worship, do not take any 
active part in prayer-meetings ; they sim- 
ply 'join the church,' as they call it, and 
prayerless and Godless drift on into Eter- 

"The charities of these orders are ut- 
terly unchristian. Their plan is to keep 
out anyone who is likely to need any- 
thing. They shut out the maimed and 
the halt, the women and the children, and 
pick out the able-bodied men, and propose 
to give charity to those who have paid, 
and the friends of those who have paid, 
and nobody else ; this is called charity. It 


May, 1900. 



is not charity, it is absolute selfishness. 

"There are many objections to secret 
societies, social, personal, political, and 
judicial. Within the limits which you as- 
sign to me I have not time to speak of 
these. Lodges being opposed to Chris- 
tianity are opposed to civilization, for 
Christianity is the only power which has 
ever proved itself sufficient to civilize 

Pastor of Congregational Church, Mor- 
gan Park, 111. 

He had been at one time a member of 
the American Protective Association, 
which was supposed to be a patriotic or- 
ganization, but was run and ruined by 
political leaders. Said his father was an 
officer in the Masonic fraternity. 

"I am of the opinion," said the rever- 
end, "that these secret orders retard and 
weaken the work of the churches and add 
nothing to the happiness of the home." 


Pastor Englewood Baptist Church. 

"There are about two and one-half 
millions of members of secret fraternal 
societies in the United States. Doubtless 
many men have a higher ideal of morality 
and a better conception of brotherhood 
through some of the secret societies. 
There are, however, three grave dangers 
in these societies, and each danger has 
multitudes of advocates within the fold of 
the lodges. 

"First, the ritual, with more of less for- 
mal religion, takes the place of vital per- 
sonal piety. One is not led to accept Je- 
sus Christ as Savior from sin, which is 
the only true basis of the Christian life, 
through the religion of the lodge. A mere 
external respect for religion such as is 
cultivated in a lodge, is a poor substitute 
for true religion. 

"Second, the lodge takes the place of 
the home and the family not only in the 
life of the 'joiner' but in many who be- 
long to only a few lodges. The husband 
and father has no time for the sacred joys 
of family fellowship because he gives so 
much time to the lodge that he must 
hurry away from home every evening to 
the various societies of which he is a 
member. The secret society is a poor 
;substitute for the home. 

"Third, the childish gratification of the 
members of the lodge in banners and 
badges, uniforms and banquets, fosters 
selfishness. It has been estimated that 
$250,000,000 is spent every year for per- 
sonal gratification, outside of dues of the 
fraternities on merely the selfish and un- 
necessary delights. The so-called benev- 
olence of the lodge is merely a business 
proposition by which the members enter 
into a mutual benefit association and pay 
for every benefit which is received. The 
real benevolence of life is seen in the or- 
ganization which gives to the poor, with- 
out hope of return, in obedience to His 
command, who said, 'Inasmuch as ye 
have done it unto one of the least of these 
ye have done it unto me.' The love of 
personal adornment and self-gratification 
is a poor substitute for the joy of altruis- 
tic service to one's fellowmen." 


Pastor German Lutheran Church, South 


"Oaths taken are unscriptural, and 
often interfere with the administration of 
justice in our courts. 

"If secret orders made no profession 
of religion at all they would be less ob- 
jectionable. Their religion is mislead- 
ing*. Their initiations are often childish 
and silly, and sometimes brutal, termi- 
nating in death. They do not belong to 
an enlightened civilization. Our church 
does not and can not fellowship them." 

Pastor German Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, Evanston. 
"We admit no oath-bound secretists to 
our fellowship. We think it unscriptur- 
al. One needs to read only the first psalm 
to be convinced that Bible teaching con- 
flicts with the practice of secret orders." 

Secretary Divinity Department of the 
Chicago University. 
"I belong to no secret societies, and 
never have belonged to any. except for 
a brief period when a member of the 
Good Templars. I have never felt favor- 
able to them and would advise all men to 
give them a broad berth. There may be 
instances in which traveling men or oth- 



May, 1900. 

ers exceptionally situated may receive 
some temporary aid from these associa- 
tions, but it has always appeared to me 
that where help is given it is a case of 
robbing Peter to pay Paul. My observa- 
tion is that the secret system is unfavor- 
able to the church and Christianity, and 
instead of developing young men into 
broad, noble and self-reliant manhood, it 
makes them narrow and selfish." 


Pastor Swedish Lutheran Church. 
"Secret societies exist only in name — 
there are none in reality. Any one who 
cares to know about secret societies — es- 
pecially the older ones — can learn all 
there is worth knowing about them from 
literature supplied by the National Chris- 
tian Association of Chicago. Our de- 
nomination has nothing to do with secret 
orders any more than they would with 
drunkards. If a man's heart and soul 
are in the lodge we don't want him in our 

Pastor Congregational Church, Bartlett, 
"I am not a member of any secret so- 
ciety. Of course those who are members 
of secret orders would nullify or mini- 
mize my testimony, claiming that it is im- 

possible for one outside to be an intelli- 
gent judge, or be able to render an im- 
partial verdict. 

"There are three ways by which we 
may fairly and intelligently judge secret 
societies : 

"First, by their own literature. The 
Masons publish books, magazines and 
newspapers ; our public libraries contain 
this literature. 

"Second, by public demonstrations, as 
installation of officers, funerals and the 
laying of corner-stones. 

"Third, by renunciations and exposi- 
tions by good men for conscience's sake. 
Masons dispute the correctness of these 
expositions and seek to belittle them. 
Many deny having taken the oaths to 
which their seceders testify. Fortunate- 
ly, it is an easy task for any one to satisfy 
himself upon this point. Go to the public 
law library of Chicago ; ask for Wendell's 
Supreme Court Decisions of the State of 
New York, Vol. 13, and turn to pages 9 
to 26 and find the case of Purple vs. Hor- 
ton, in which is the Master Mason's oath. 
Another revelation of the oath is found 
in the trial of Gardener in the Chenango 
County Court of the State of New York. 
It was a case in which it was alleged that 
certain persons could not sit as jurors on 
account of their being full Masons. 
'Triers' were appointed as the law pro- 
vided, to see whether they should be dis- 
franchised or disqualified to act in the 
premises. It was proven by unwilling 
witnesses that the Masonic oath had in it 
the most -severe death penalties, and the 
jurors were rejected. From these facts,, 
which have become a portion of the pub- 
lic documents, and a part of the nation's 
history, and from the facts that some of 
my good friends of the Masonic lodge 
have told me, I come to these conclu- 
sions : 

"First, that the allegations against the 
Masonic oaths are true. 

"Second, that good men who have 
been taken into the lodges have a greater 
respect for their civil oaths than for their 
Masonic oaths, and when on juries will 
not be swayed by their Masonic obliga- 
tion to Masonic parties in the suit. 

"Third, that to men who are less con- 
scientious, the Masonic oath would be a 
great temptation in favor of their Ma- 
sonic friend on trial, and to whom they 

May, 1900. 



have sworn to be true under the most ter- 
rible penalties. This would be likely to 
prevent the ends of justice, and to wrong 
the innocent. 

"Fourth, that it would be better to keep 
aloof from lodge and accept the advice of 
George Washington's strong appeal in 
his farewell address, to 'Beware of all en- 
tangling alliances.' " 

Pastor English Evangelical Church, Har- 
rison Street, Chicago. 
"Secret societies are detrimental to 
church work. The church would be a 
greater power to-day without secrecy. 
They were bad enough when these socie- 
ties drew only the men from our 
churches, but now the women have the 
craze, and are leaving the church for their 
lodge societies. The Bible says, 'Seek 
first the kingdom of God,' but our people 
seem to interpret it, 'Seek first the lodge 
and its false altars.' " 

Pastor Swedish M. E. Church, South 
"My observation is that secret orders 
are a hindrance to church work. They 
are occupied with a false religion and led 
to trust in it for salvation. Some secret 
orders bar out Christ from their lodges." 

Pastor Evangelical Church, on Dearborn 
Street, Chicago. 
"I have found them injurious to relig- 
ious activities. Men become too much 
engrossed with their lodges and neglect 
their homes and churches. I have known 
men who were obliged to come out from 
their societies and renounce their oaths 
before they could acquire peace of con- 





M. E. Church at 
Humboldt Park. 
"I do not know of a Norwegian or 
Swedish clergyman in our denomination 
who belongs to an oath-bound society. 
The Bible teaches that we should do all 
in the name of Jesus, and nowhere are 
we taught to do good in the name of the 

Of the German Evangelical Synod of 
North America, Elmhurst, 111. 
"We discourage all features of secrecy 
as injurious to the morals of our stu- 
dents. We could have no fellowship 
with a society composed of moral and 
immoral, religious and irreligious. It 
would be unscriptural." 

Pastor Congregational Church at Sum- 
merdale, Chicago. 
"Oh, no, sir, I have no objection to 
saying what I think about secretism. And 
first let me say I am not a member of any 
secret society whatever. For various 
reasons the temptations to join one or 
another came to me as a young man, but 
a very noted series of letters by the great 
Charles G. Finney on Masonry opened 
my eyes to that order, and when I made 
the discovery that most other secret so- 
cieties are more or less closely a copy of 
Masonry, I determined to manage my 
own conscience without the help of any 
but the one Master. The above resolve 
was made now years ago and I have not 
seen a moment when I regretted it. I 
may say further that a mature judgment 
respecting secret societies leads me to re- 
gard them as among the chief hindrances 
to the purpose of God to bless men 
through the Christian church. And for 
myself in my work of the ministry I am 
very urgent with my men not to allow se- 
cret societies to work their eternal loss. 
Perhaps the evil wrought is inadvertent, 
but it is very great, and the great good 
sought through secret societies is far 
from being attained." 

Pastor German Evangelical Lutheran 
"We as a denomination do not favor 
secret orders. The essential doctrine of 
our preaching is Jesus Christ, while the 
most prominent secret orders altogether 
ignore this name or treat it lightly." 
"How do you know this to be true ?" 
"We judge from their own manuals or 
other publications. We think no man 
and especially no minister of Christ has a 
right to take the oaths which they do not 
deny they take. My advice would be to 



May, 1900. 

young men to keep out 

of secret al- 


Pastor of the First Free Methodist 

Church of Aurora, 111. 

'"I am opposed to secret societies from 
various reasons, among which are the 
following : 

"i. Secrecy is always a ground of sus- 

"2. All secrets necessary to be kept can 
be kept without an oath. 

"3. A bad institution should not, and a 
good one need not, be secret. 

"4. By being connected with secret, 
oath-bound societies, I deny my right of 
private judgment up to the measure of 
the spirit of my obligations, thus de- 
meaning my manhood. 

''5. My duty to my God, my family and 
myself deny me the right to forswear my- 
self to ever conceal and never reveal what 
may prove to be ignoble, baneful and per- 
nicious to my present and future life. 

"6. The spirit of secret societies I think 
to be a spirit of utter selfishness that con- 
sults the interests of one class to the ex- 
clusion or overthrow of another, inimical 
to the true Christian spirit of good will to 
all men. 

"7. Secret societies strike at the happi- 
ness of the home : 

"(a) The frequent and protracted ab- 
sence from the home of the husband and 

"(b) The barrier of secret associations 
and doings held in deference to the obli- 
gation from the wife and family, which, in 
many cases, menaces the peace and com- 
fort of the home." 

Pastor College Church, Wheaton. 
"I think the influence of secret orders 
is not beneficial to our churches and 
homes. I have some very good friends in 
the lodge, who claim that secret orders 
in no way antagonize the church, but my 
observation is that they draw young men 
from our church and places of religious 
resort. The church is founded upon Je- 
sus Christ as its chief corner-stone, which 
is a stumbling block to many, while the 
religion of the lodge is of so general and 
indefinite character as to be subscribed to 

by almost any one — about as much deism 
as anything. It is a safer investment of 
one's time, talent and money in the 
church than in any or all secret orders." 

Pastor Chicago Avenue Church. 
"I do not see how an intelligent, con- 
secrated Christian can belong to a secret 
order. It is an expressed disobedience to 
God's plain command (II. Cor. 6: 14). 
Furthermore, the awful mockery of the 
profane prayer in the pretended resur- 
rection scene in the initiation ceremo- 
nies of the Master Mason degree must 
shock beyond measure any man of real 
spirituality. Some of the oaths in higher 
degrees of Masonry must be horrible be- 
yond expression to any man possessed of 
genuine Christian sentiment." 


Pastor First Presbyterian Church, Ev- 
anston, 111. 

"My experience and observation are 
too limited to make anything I may say 
on secret orders of any moment to the 

"I belong to no secret order, but this is 
not to be construed that I am violently 
opposed to them. In 1878, when yellow 
fever raged through the South, I had oc- 
casion to notice the good work of secret 
orders in caring for the sick, dying and 

May, 1900. 



"Would you, Doctor, advise a young 
man of your flock to join any of the bet- 
ter known secret societies?" 

"I will not answer that question, but I 
will say in reference to the insurance fea- 
tures of secret orders, that the man who 
has faith in them is doomed to disap- 

"But,. Doctor, that seems a little se- 
vere ; have you made a close mathemati- 
cal calculation before rendering such a 

"It needs no mathematical calcula- 
tion," said the Doctor. ''The streets are 
already full of these wrecks from over- 
confidence in a false system of insur- 

THE REV. J. E. ROY, D. D., 
Secretary American Missionary Associa- 
"A man is not fit to be a juryman who 
has taken these Masonic oaths and holds 
to them. Such a man is not competent to 
be a constable or a Justice of the Peace. 
He has disqualified himself practically 
and really, for he has by these oaths pre- 
pared himself for the one side or the 
other, and so is unable to do justly in his 
relation between man and man." 

Pastor Superior Street Lutheran Church. 

''The Scriptures expressly forbid 
Christians having a brotherhood with the 
world. The best known secret orders 
pride themselves in a universal brother- 
hood. They must have and do have a 
mongrel religion, while the Scriptures 
teach that there is no salvation save in 
Jesus Christ. Their boasted charity is 
simply a business transaction. 

"We do not admit members of oath- 
bound societies to our fellowship." 


Pastor of the Grace English Lutheran 


"I am not a member of any secret so- 
ciety — the church is a sufficiently broad 
and open field for me, and I find I have 
no time to devote to secret orders. 

"My predecessor, as pastor of this 
church, belonged to a number of secret 
societies. There may be some good to 
be derived from some of them, but I have 
that which is infinitelv better. 

"The God-ordained institutions like 
the church and family seem to be the 
most fitting for children of God.''' 


Pastor First Congregational Church, 
Wheaton, 111. 
"I belong to no secret orders, but pos- 
sibly am not quite so radical in my oppo- 
sition to them as some in this place. The 
lodges seem to have monopolized some 
of the functions of the church ; for exam- 
ple, they control large amounts of money 
and dispense it upon their own member- 
ship, while it should be received and dis- 
bursed by the church. Lodge religion is 
Christless. Its members have little use 
for the church. I have sometimes been 
called upon to officiate at funerals when 
the church would be packed with lodge 
members, but would not attend again un- 
til the next funeral. Of course the lodge 
lias no conversions. Lodge balls and 
banquets are often demoralizing." 

Pastor Congregational Church. Wil- 
"My verdict is that secrecy is not help- 
ful but harmful to the church. If these 
societies made no pretension to religion 
at all. I think they would be less danger- 
ous and objectionable." 

Pastor Bethlehem Lutheran Church. 
''Secret societies are a great detriment 
to our churches. Our foundation is the 
BibK Their foundation is a ritual with 
a religion of a cosmopolitan nature, as 
suitable to the Parsee and the Mohamme- 
dan as to the Christian, and no true child 
of God can go into such an alliance." 

Pastor Congregational Church at Ev- 
anston, 111. 
"Unless the Grand Army is classified 
with secret societies. I am a member of 
no secret order, and yet I have never op- 
posed them. First, because I fear I may 
not speak of them intelligently ; secondly, 
I feel as if direct opposition is not the 
wisest course to eliminate possible evils. 
I believe many of the societies possess 
elements of sociability and religion that 



Mav. 1900. 

in some measure satisfy the cravings of 
the human mind. 

"The best is always more imperiled by 
that which is next best than that which is 
positively evil. So I have feared men 
may rest satisfied with the things that are 
commendable in their secret orders, and 
not reach out after the best. 

"My advice would be to keep aloof 
from secrecy." 

Pastor Oak Park Presbyterian Church. 

"I used to belong to a college frater- 
nity, and think it was helpful to me, as 
we were select Christian young men, but 
later the fraternity seemed to be domi- 
nated by a different class of students, 
which did harm, so I think it depends 
upon the character of the membership 
whether a society is a good or evil thing. 

"I have come to think that most secret 
society plays, plumes, trumpets and feath- 
ers are best adapted to boys and not full- 
grown men. 

"Take away the material help offered 
members and the bottom would soon 
drop out of these organizations.'' 

Chicago Theological Seminary. 

"I once belonged to one or two college 
fraternities, but so long ago that I have 
forgotten its secrets, etc. 

"As to those societies which demand 
an oath not to reveal their secrets, I have 
never felt very favorable to them, and yet 
I know but little of them and do not con- 
trovert them. 

"It seems to me that the home social 
relations are sufficient." 

S. B. SHAW, 
Publisher and Evangelist. 
t. My experience as an evangelist for 
over twenty years among the various de- 
nominations of several States has re- 
vealed to me many things in connection 
with secret societies that are sinful and 
in open opposition to the Christian relig- 
ion. 'By their works ye shall know them.' 
I have never seen any good results 
from secret societies. Saloon bums and 
vile sinners of every grade, infidels and 
professed Christians often belong to the 
same lodge. 

"2. Their professed charity is born in 
selfishness and in direct violation of the 
charity taught in the Bible. The Word of 
God teaches us to do good to all men, es- 
pecially to the household of faith, and the 
strongest statement in favor of charity 
made by any secret society is to do good 
to all men, especially to the brother in the 
lodge. The first duty is to the brother in 
the lodge, otherwise their ungodly or- 
ganizations could not exist as a professed 
charitable institution. 

"3. The first step in uniting with a se- 
cret lodge is in open violation to the plain 
teachings of God's word, which says : 
'Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his 
lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever 
it be that a man shall pronounce with an 
oath, and it be hid from him ; when he 
knoweth of it then he shall be guilty in 
one of these. And it shall be, when he 
shall be guilty in one of these things, that 
he shall confess that he hath sinned in 
that thing.' Again the Savior said, Tn 
secret have I said nothing.' 

"4. The members of the secret lodge 
are under oath to uphold each other in 
crime, and in some lodges, especially in 
the Masonic in the higher degrees, they 
are under oath to uphold each other, 
murder and treason not excepted, in di- 
rect violation of the word of God, which 
says : 'Be ye not unequally yoked togeth- 
er with unbelievers ; for what fellowship 
hath righteousness with unrighteousness, 
and what communion . hath light with 
darkness ? And what concord hath Christ 
with Belial, or what part hath he that be- 
lieveth with an infidel ?' 

"5. Many secret societies are guilty of 
teaching idolatry and false systems of re- 
ligion. Masonry and similar institu- 
tions claim to be religious institutions and 
yet reject the name of Christ from their 
prayers. See Albert G. Mackey's Text 
Book on Masonic Jurisprudence, page 
502, and Webb's Monitor of Freemason- 
ry, pages 196, 240 and 520, and read for 
yourself. How can a preacher of the gos- 
pel claim that the only hope of the soul 
is through Christ in the pulpit, and then 
claim that Masonry without Christ pre- 
pares the soul for the grand lodge above ? 

"We might say much more and quote 
from Masonic writers, but our article is 
already too long for your purpose. 


May, 1900. 




Pastor of the Methodist Episcopal 

Church of Plainfield, 111. 

'"I am opposed to secret societies be- 
cause I believe that no man has a moral 
or civic right to bind himself with an 
oath to forever conceal what is yet un- 
known to him, or to do that which is yet 
concealed from him. Jeptha did it ; what 
a price he paid for his folly ! Herod tried 
it, and it made him a murderer. No man 
can be bound by an oath to secrecy, and 
be loyal to his marital vow, and true to 
the best interests of his home. 

"I believe the secret lodge to be the ri- 
val of the home and church, and the en- 
emy of the state. 

"Freemasonry (the mother and model 
of the whole tribe), judged by its fruits 
and its professions, as well as by the con- 
fessions of its seceding members, is a 
wicked imposture, a refuge of lies, a de- 
spicable substitute for the gospel of Je- 
sus Christ, and is contrary to the laws of 
God and of the state, and in the estima- 
tion of its devotees superior to either. I 
look upon it as the devil's most success- 
ful contrivance for the destruction of the 
souls of men." 


Pastor of Hemenway M. E. Church, Ev- 

anston, 111. 

"I am not opposed to secret societies 

because they are secret. The fascination 

of secrecy is the charm that holds many 

of them together. The general purpose 
of most of them is commendable. They 
are misleading when they seek to usurp 
the place of the Christian church, and 
they are worse than useless when they 
unduly tax one's resources, or take the 
time that belongs to the home, or that 
should be given to self-culture or to do- 
ing good to the bodies and souls of men. 

"The professing Christian man, who 
thinks more of his club and its social di- 
versions than he does of his church and 
its spiritual work, is not worthy of the 
Christian name. 

"The man who seeks to do his duty to- 
ward God by trying to measure up to the 
moral standard presented in some secret 
organizations will make a fatal mistake. 
Many have fallen into this delusion. 

"I would advise any young man to look 
the whole ground over with great care 
before he goes into any secret order." 


General Secretary National Christian 
Association, 221 West Madison Street, 

"The National Christian Association is 
the title of an incorporated society which 
was organized in the city of Pittsburg, 
Pa., in 1868, by representatives of seven- 
teen orthodox denominations. It holds 
that faith in Christ is the sole ground of 
acceptance with God ; and that grace re- 
ceived by faith is the sole power of re- 
generation. It believes, moreover, that 
Satan is the god of this world and the 
god of all false religions, and that the 
lodge system denies Christ and worships 

"Its object is to keep the membership 
of the churches out of secret organiza- 
tions for these among other reasons: 1. 
Because they are declared to be organ- 
ized on a basis so necessarily broad as to 
exclude the idea of Christ as the world's 
only Redeemer. 2. Because they substi- 
tute, in their claims and in the minds of 
many of their membership, the secret so- 
ciety for the Christian church. 3. Be- 
cause of the relation of the obligations of 
these secret orders to the oaths and de- 
cisions of courts. 

"Your space will not allow an extend- 
ed discussion of the position which this 
association takes, you say, hence I call 


May, 1900. 

your special attention to this statement, 
'that the lodge system denies Christ and 
worships Satan.' 

"No truth stands more clearly through- 
out the Bible than that Christless worship 
is paid to demons. (I. Cor. 10: 20-22.) 
Does the lodge system acknowledge the 
supreme worth (worship) of Jesus 
Christ ? Xo. In the lodge the true God 
is put on a level with fictitious deities, and 
his Word with fictitious revelations. 

"Take Oddfellowship. Read the New 
Odd Fellows' Manual, written by A. B. 
Grosh, and which is dedicated 'to all in- 
quirers, who desire to know what Odd- 
fellowship really is," and which has been 
endorsed by the Grand Lodge of the 
United States several times, and by offi- 
cers and individual members as 'complete 
and faithful,' a 'standard work of the or- 
der,' etc. It says : 

Judaism, Christianity, Mohammedanism 
recognize the one only living and true God.— 
Page 297. 

Followers of different teachers, ye are wor- 
shipers of one God, who is Father of all, and 
therefore ye are brethren!— Page 298. 

"The Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows of 
the State of Massachusetts asked the fol- 
lowing question of the Sovereign Grand 
Lodge of the World (Feb. 14, 1889, Re- 
port, page 336) : 

Question— Is it lawful for a chaplain to com- 
mence and finish his prayers in the name of 

Answer— Our order only requires a belief in 
the existence of a Supreme Being as a qualifi- 
cation for membership, and has no affinity 
with any religious sect or system of faith. 
Hence, everything savoring of sectarianism 
is not to be tolerated. The words system of 
faith or sect do not have reference merely to 
sects within the pale of Christianity, but have 
a fai broader significance, and include all the 
religions of the world. In this sense Chris- 
tianity is a sect; hence it is inexpedient and, 
I think, unlawful to make prominent refer- 
ence to it in lodge work. * * * We have 
Jews and may have Mohammedans and other 
nor. -Christian sects within our order, and the 
rule applies to them equally with members ot 
the Christian faith. 

"The attempt to worship the true God 
in a lodge composed mostly of worldly 
men, by a system that makes Christianity 
a 'sect,' and the use of the name of Christ 
'unlawful,' is insult to God and worship 
to Satan. This is what Oddfellowship 


"The relation of Freemasonry to 
Christ and His church can easily be de- 
termined. There are hundreds of differ- 
ent books written by its leading votaries, 
setting forth the religious claims and 
character of the order. The Masonic Li- 
brary of Iowa alone claims to have ten 
thousand different works on Masonry. 
One of its most prolific as well as distin- 
guished writers is Albert G. Mackey, M.. 
D., who has been Past General Grand 
High Priest and Secretary General of 
the Supreme Council 33d for the South- 
ern Jurisdiction of the United States. I- 
shall quote from his "Encyclopedia of 
Freemasonry," on which he worked ten 
years, the result of more than thirty 
years' study and research, published by 
Moss & Co., 432 Chestnut street, Phila- 
delphia, 1879: 

Freemasonry is a religious institution and 
hence its regulations inculcate the use of 
prayer as a proper tribute of gratitude to the 
beneficent Author of Life!— Encyclopedia, p. 

The religion of Masonry is not sectarian. It 
admits men of every creed within its hospita- 
ble bosom.— Encyclopedia, p. 641. 

It is not Judaism, though there is nothing 
in it to offend a Jew. It is not Christianity, 
but there is nothing in it repugnant to the 
faith of a Christian.— Encyclopedia, p. 641. 

Hutchinson and Oliver have, I am con- 
strained to believe, fallen into a great error 
in calling the Master Mason's degree a Chris- 
tian institution. * * * If Masonry were 
simply a Christian institution, the Jew and 
the Moslem, the Brahman <and the Buddhist, 
could not conscientiously partake of its illu- 
mination. But its universality is its boast. In 
its language citizens of every nation may con- 
verse; at its altar men of all religions may 
kneel; to its creed disciples of every faith may 
subscribe.— Encyclopedia, p. 162. 

"The Masonic system rejects Jesus 
Christ for the same reason precisely that 
Oddfellowship does, viz., that the Jew 
and Moslem may not be offended. Hence, 
according to the Scriptures (I. Cor. 10: 
20-22) Freemasons worshipping in a Ma- 
sonic lodge are sacrificing to demons. 

"Like the writings of Mormonism and! 
other false systems, there are many con- 
tradictions as well as mixing of truth and' 
error in the literature setting forth the 
moral and religious belief of Masonry, 
Oddfellowship, and, indeed, of the whole 
secrecy system, but each s-eeks~ to offer 


May, 1900. 



prayers, to bury its dead, and to comfort 
the living on the ground of the so-called 
doctrine of the 'Fatherhood of God and 
brotherhood of man.' 'Followers of dif- 
ferent teachers, ye are worshipers of one 
God, who is Father of all, and therefore 
ye are brethren !' 'For the whole human 
race is but one family, not one physically 
but one spiritually.' — Grosh's Odd Fel- 
lows' Manual, p. 220. 

"The Bible says : 'He that hath the Son 
hath life ; and he that hath not the Son of 
God hath not life.' (I. John 5 : 12.) 

" 'Whosoever denieth the Son, the 
same hath not the Father.' (I. John 
2: 23.) 

"The lodge system of morals and dog- 
ma quoted not only deny the atonement 
of Jesus Christ, but at the present time 
constitute Satan's master doctrines for 
filling every hamlet of our country with 
his worshipers, and for wrecking the 
souls of men." 

Pastor U. P. Church, Englewood. 
"We as a denomination discourage se- 
cret orders of every kind, believing that 
everything good that they can accom- 
plish can be better done by daylight. No 
religion would be better than a spurious, 
misleading one." 


Pastor St. James IVI. E. Church. 

"Secret orders are decidedly helpful to 
the best interest of society. I myself be- 
long to three of the older and best known 
societies ; it is of these alone that I speak. 
They furnish good fellowship and tend to 
draw out and educate the social nature of 
man. They have a professional value. 
Many an orator noted at the bar, the pul- 
pit or public rostrum, got his start in the 
lodge room discussing the charities and 
obligations of the order. 

"In a charitable sense they are a bless- 
ing. I have known many families saved 
from sorrow and public charity through 
lodge help. Orphans are clothed, chil- 
dren educated, sick nursed back to health 
and the dead decently buried. All this is 
noble service to humanity. All orders of 

which I have any knowledge have a high 
sense of honor and teach patriotism, hu- 
mility, chastity and good-fellowship. 
They are the hand maid of the church and 
I should not hesitate to advise young 
men to join them." 

Pastor of the People's Church. 

"I know comparatively little of secret 
societies except that I have taken thirty- 
two degrees in Masonry and I can say 
nothing but good of the fraternity. There 
are no nobler men than are found in Ma- 
sonry. They are benevolent, even out- 
side their brotherhood. Cannot say 
whether it would be helpful in my minis- 
try or not, as I have never tried it. Ma- 
sonry is neither sectarian nor* clannish, 
but catholic in its usages. There is noth- 
ing in the oaths incompatable with civil 
government; if there were this class of 
men would not subscribe to such oaths. I 
regard it the salvation of many of our 
young men and always feel that a young 
man is safe in coining to our city when I 
know that he belongs to the Masonic or- 

"But, Dr. Thomas, do you not know- 
that some object to being thrown in with 
such a motley class as often make up a 
Masonic lodge?" 

"I do not think you could select an- 
other set of men so noble as you will find 
among the Masons of this city and the 
State," said the doctor. "By object les- 
sons Masonry teaches God and right- 

"Some years ago," the Doctor said, "I 
was asked to sign a call, for an anti-secret 
convention to be held in this city, and I 
replied that if the instigators of the con- 
vention knew as much about secret so- 
cieties as I did, they would not care to 
hold such a convention." 

Pastor Centenary M. E. Church, Chi- 

When Mr. Hirst was asked for his 
opinion of secret societies, he replied : 
"The question is too general ; be more 
specific and I will try and answer you." 

"Well, Doctor, are you yourself a L 
member of any of the oatliTbound secret 



May. 1900. 

"I am," was his unhesitating reply. 

"Have you found that your connection 
with secret associations has been helpful 
to you in your ministry ?" 

"Decidedly so," he answered. 

"Were a young man to ask your advice 
as to whether he had best join a secret 
society, what would likely be your coun- 
sel?" ' 

"If he thought of joining the Masonic 
fraternity I should certainly advise him 
to do so." 

Pastor Universalist Church, Englewood. 

Mr. White believes the social functions 
of secret societies bridge unwelcome 
chasms in communities. 

Says he is both an Odd Fellow and a 
Mason ; the rich and poor, high and low, 
as Masons meet in one common brother- 
hood without social distinctions. Mr. 
White is not acquainted with Masonic 
authors, but has little confidence in the 
reputed antiquity of the organization. 

Superintendent of Armour Institute, Chi- 

''I am a Mason, but would not under- 
take to speak for other societies. I feel 
that the church is doing so little for men 
in this world that it is responsible for the 
multiplication and growth of secret or- 
ders. The church spends its force on 
helping men to another world and neg- 
lects the good Samaritan acts for which 
men yearn in this world. 

"I say, God bless secret societies for 
what they are doing." 

Pastor Universal Church on Warren 
Avenue, Chicago. 
"I can undertake to speak with assur- 
ance of only three secret orders : Mason- 
ry, Odd Fellows and Royal Arcanum. I 
am a member of these three societies and 
think they develop manhood and create 
reverence in the hearts of men. Their 
teachings are all based upon some por- 
tions of the Bible. If we admit that their 
obligations to be charitable ends with 
their own membership, yet their teachings 
are such as to broaden men's views of 

"Can you tell us, Doctor, about the an- 
tiquity of these older orders?" 

'T have never made the matter a 
study," said the reverend, "but I have 
been very skeptical about these societies 
having so many centuries back of them 
as some claim for them." 

"Those who do not feel so favorable to- 
ward secrecy as you do, ask for evidences 
of public benefactions, as colleges, li- 
braries, hospitals, etc. ; how do you ac- 
count for the lack of these benefactions ?" 

"In this way," said the Doctor. "Many 
of our wealthiest members are members 
of churches and other organizations, and 
they make their contributions through 
these channels." 


Pastor Normal Park Presbyterian 


"I am strictly in favor of secret socie- 
ties. I belong to some, and if I could I 
would belong to all. My associations 
with these secret orders have been very 
helpful in my ministry. The trend of se- 
cret orders is to a universal brother- 
hood." When asked if these societies 
could not accomplish the same good 
without sworn secrecy, the Doctor said : 
"That will do to think about, and as I 
propose reading a paper upon the subject 
of secret societies soon, before the minis- 
ters' meeting, I will defer an answer till 

Pastor Christ Episcopal Church, Wood- 
lawn Park. 

"I can speak only for Masonry. 
Whether it is helpful to a man depends 
upon the character of the local member- 
ship. It is not a saving religion ; no in- 
telligent Mason pretends that it is a di- 
vine institution, but smply a human or- 
ganization for impressing moral princi- 
ples by the use of Bible symbols." 

"It is claimed, Doctor, by the oppo- 
nents of secrecy that Masonry teaches 
only partial morality; for example, it 
pledges chastity only towards the wives, 
mothers and daughters of those who be- 
long to Masonry. What have you to say 
upon this subject?" 

"This is a matter upon which I am not 
permitted to speak," replied the Doctor. 

May. 1900. 


He thought Masonry about one thou- 
sand years old. 

Pastor Humboldt Park M. E. Church. 

"Secret societies may be good, bad or 
indifferent, according as they are under 
the control of good, wise and intelligent 
men, or otherwise. Many of our clergy- 
men belong to Masonry and some to 
other orders. I belong to two or three 
societies myself, and my wife belongs to 
a secret order which she thinks, and I 
have no doubt does good. I think the 
trend of the age is to run to excess in or- 
ganizations. Out at Malta. 111., a little 
place where I was pastor, there were no 
less than sixteen different societies, and 
at St. Charles there was about the same 
number. I don't antagonize them be- 
cause I think I can get on better with 
them not to do so." 

"Doctor, can the sick and the poor and 
the maimed and the halt all have the ben- 
efit of these secret orders ?" 

"No, they can't, and that is a radical 
difference between these societies and the 

Pastor Memorial Baptist Church. 

"I have been a Mason for many years. 
I guess that expresses my opinion of se- 
cret societies. They are good. I have a 
very good bachelor friend who finds the 
lodge, in large measure, makes up for the 
loss of family fellowship." 

"Have you not been able, Dr. Crandall, 
to lead your friend into the followship of 
of your church ?" 

"No, I have not." 

"Well, Doctor, the opponents of the 
lodge claim that members of secret or- 
ders become satisfied with their lodge 
morality and religion and seldom care for 
the church." 

"I have not found it so in my experi- 
ence," replied Dr. Crandall. 

Pastor Sacramento Avenue M. E. 
He had just been initiated into Ma- 
sonry and is delighted with it. It certain- 
ly emphasizes the principles of the Gold- 
en Rule, and could see no objection to it. 

Was not a well-informed Mason, but 
could see no reason why it might not be 
possible to accomplish all the good with- 
out the oath-bound secrets. 

Pastor Immannuel Baptist Church. 
"Secret societies are good. They take- 
care of their poor. I know of a case near 
at hand who is now ill and is being cared 
for by his society ; otherwise he'd be in a 
pitiable plight. There is no harm in se- 
crecy. We. all have our secrets. Mrs. 
Myer and I have secrets that are sacred 
to ourselves and our neighbors are not 
injured by it. The religion of these socie- 
ties is of no special consequence one way 
or the other. I would not hesitate to ad- 
vise any young man to join a secret order 
if he can do so. I'd be a Mason myself if 
I could spare the money." 

Pastor Wheadon M. E. Church, Evans- 
ton, 111. 

"I am a secret society man, believe in 
them and belong to about a dozen or 
more of them. They do not intend, nor 
do they interfere with the work of the 
church, and the church is not on the 
wane because of these societies. A good 
part of these societies I joined while in 
the practice of law, before commencing 
to preach. These orders are religious, 
but not a religion. Nothing in them that 
would teach a man the way of regenera- 
tion. They teach morality and virtue by 
means of symbols, but his is only supple- 
mentary to the Christian religion. The 
church may well pause and learn a lesson 
of fellowship from some of these .socie- 

"I do not think any other organization 
is as perfect as the church, but the church, 
considered apart from its divine charac- 
ter, has not so much to boast over some 
of these secret fraternities. You will often 
find more fellowship, a warmer fraternal 
greeting in the lodge than in some of our 

"But, Doctor, may all, the sick and the 
poor, the blind, deaf and dumb join these 
societies as they may the church of God 
and reap the benefits, or are secret orders 
more exclusive ?" 

'"Well, now, reallv I can't answer that 



May, 1900. 

question," said he, "but I think I have 
known maimed people in the lodge, 
whether maimed before joining or not I 
cannot say.'' 

"What about eliminating the name of 
Christ from the Masonic ritual?" 

"That,''' said the Doctor, "is because 
Masonry is older than Christ manifest in 
the flesh." 


What is the best time to study the 
book of nature? When autumn turns 
the leaves. 

Use me well and I'm everybody, 
scratch my back and I'm nobody. A 

Why are you most likely to miss the 
12:50 train? It's 10 to 1 if you catch it. 

Which travels faster, heat or cold? 
Heat, because you can catch cold. 

I'm a hint ; it may be a look or a word. 
Great grandfather wore me well pow- 
dered, I've heard. I hit ball in a game 
where the skillful succeed ; I'm a letter 
that's always before you, indeed. An- 
swer: Q. 

In men I embody ripe learning and 
reason. At a festival dinner, I'm al- 
ways in season. Though I'm prized by 
the cook and no gardener will scout me. 
What were Greece and its greatness and 
glory to me ? Answer : Sage. 

My first is to injure, my second a kind 
of grain, my third a period, my whole- 
one of the united states. Mar-ri-age. 

The Tyler, criticizing the careless use 
of the word "Summons" by Free Masons 
says : "The constitution defines what a 
summons is, and very clearly points out 
the requirements that make it legal. It 
says that a summons shall be ordered by 
the Master and must be signed by him 
or the Secretary, and have the seal of the 
lodge attached." Such a summons 
Masons are sworn to obey. 

He — What's the matter, dear? You 
look as if there was something troubling 

She — There is. I've joined a "Don't 
Worry Club," and I don't know how in 
the world I am going to pay my dues. — 
"Yonkers Statesman. 

Where To Locate ? 


and Nashville 

the Great Central Southern Trunkline 




Farmers, Fruit Growers, 

Stock Raisers, Manufacturers, 
Investors, Speculators 

and Money Lenders 

will find the greatest chances in the United States to 
make "big money'" by reason of the abundance and 
cheapness of 




Free sites, financial assistance and freedom from taxa- 
tion, for the manufacturer. 

Land and farms at $1.00 per acre and upward, and 
500.000 acres in West Florida that can be taken gratis 
under U. S. Homestead laws. 

Stockraising in the Gulf Coast pistrict will make enor- 
mous profits. 

Half fare excursions the first and third Tuesdays of 
each month. 

Let us know what you want, and we will tell you where 
and how to get it — but don't delay, as the country is 
filling up rauidly. • 

Printed matter, maps and all information free. 

Address, R. J. WEMYSS, 

General Immigration and Industrial Agent. 

Mention this paper. 

Do You Want a Home 

In a suburb of Chicago, with Good Schools, 
Christian College, Water Works, Electric 
Lights, excellent train service, no saloons 


We have on our list good places for sale or ren 
at reasonable prices. Correspondence invited. 

Fischer Real Estate and Insurance Co.. 



Volume XXXII 

May, 1 899, to Ai>i-il 9 1 900. 


Mission of Reformers 12 

The Tried Evangelists 13 

Poisoning the Wells 13 

Minimizing the Atonement 14 

Secret Societies vs. Churches 16 

From Inside the Lodge 48 

Liable for Past Assessments 49 

Noted Secret Societies in America. ... 49 
Not Charitables— Decision Supreme 

Court ... 50 

Ban on Hibernian Order 69 

Masonic Penalties 69 

- Secret Societies in Politics 70 

Political Possibilities for Anti-Lodge 

Voters 74 

Charity Enforced by Court 77 

Warm Friends Alienated (J. O. A. M.) 78 

Risky Initiations 79 

Out with Oriental (M. W. of A.) 79 

Which College 108 

Chinese Masons 109 

City Was Wide Open 109 

A Good Enough Religion Ill 

An ex-Chinese Mason 116 

Capr. Wm. Morgan. Wife and Daugh- 
ter 131-133 

The Morgan Monument 133 

Washington and Capital Corner Stone. . 143 

Look up the Delinquents 143 

l - 'Never Grand Master" 142 

L. Biographies of Washington 161 

Washington's Letter 162 

Washington's Opportunities 162 

The Liberty Bell 163 

Business Value of Secret Societies .... 163 

Fails of His Benefit 165 

Trades Union Insurance Bill (Mass.). 166 

Charity Has Its Limits 166 

May Die from Initiation 167 

Ascension of Jesus Commemorated. . . 167 
Effect of Secrecy on the Mind. (Mc- 

Cosh) 168 

Pythian Knight on Snips 185 

Keep Your Dues Paid "Up 210 

Whited Sepulchers iil2 

"Charity" Humbug Exposed 212 

Fraternity Without a Lodge 212 

Better than Church 213 

' Verify Washington History 228 

Washington Masonic Record 229 

Washington Burial Directions 231 

General and Particular Sins 232 

Mormon Statistics 227 

Labor Unions 227 

I) wight L. Moody 258, 250. 

President J. Q. Adams— Washington.. 

An Astounding Assertion 

Contradicting Washington 

The Lie Direct 

Washington's Case Not Final 

The Veda as Good as the Bible 

Imaginary Masonry 

The Elks' Secret Out 

Chapter and Verse Wanted. 

Reforms •. 

Masonic Criticism of Masonry 

He Is a Fraud 

Only Truth Consistent 

Solemnity of Funeral Ceremonies .... 

Moral Science and Masonic Obliga- 

Held Civil Oath Superior 

Presidents Harper, Rogers and Adams 
on College Fraternities 

Are Preachers Partial? 

A Good Enough Religion 

Practical Methods '. 

The Masonic Chart 

Beginners' Books 

A Positive Curse for a Negative Fault 

The Devourer 

Even So— Dr. Franklin 

Masonic Proof 

Chinese Secret Societies 

The Mafia in Italy 

Their Moral Standard 

An Expert Editorial Opinion 

American and York Rite 


Continued Trouble at Cornell 

Masonic Honor to McKinley 

Inherent Tendency 

Makes No Difference 

Tyler and Cynosure Agree 

Not Secret 

Cipher Rituals 

Masonry or Christianity 

Elizabeth E. Flagg 

Responsibility for Accidents. 

Masonic Brewers 

Shocked the Foresters 

Yale Secret Societies 

Buffalo Conspiracy Trial 

Plan for Knights' Ball 

The Usual Penalty 

The Defense of Secret Societies 


Worcester Freemasons and -'House of 

A Poor Rule 








oo I 











.i— . > 
o i o 






May, 1900. 

Masons Called Sectarian 412 


Founded on Wrong- Principles 3 

Remembers Morgan Times 4. 7 

Time to Renounce the Lodge 8 

Letter to D. L. Moody 8 

Valuable Testimonies 9 

Fraudulent Salvation 10 

Outnumbering the Churches 19 

The Puritans 19 

The Old. Old Road 42 

A Mockery of Religion 4:; 

United Presbyterian Testimony ... 43, 03 

A Mason's Impeachment of Masonry. 44 

Address. (Rev. AV. E. Barton, D. D.) . 45 

Address. (President C. A. Blanchard) 89 

Conflict of the Ages 47 

United Brethren Testimony 51 

A Boy's Idea of Masonry 51 

Death by Lodge Initiation 55 

God's Hand in Our Movement '56 

United Evangelical Churches 93 

New England Letter. Lodge Marriage 
Ceremonies. Masonic Brewers, 
Catholic Masons, Bishop Potter's 

Plan 83, 84 

W. C. T. U. Resolution 87 

The College to Which Christian Par- 
ents Should Send Their Children.. 98 

The King's Meat 100 

Anti-Secretists Instructed 101 

Those Mysterious Verdicts 102 

Lodge Lewdness 105, 106 

New England Type and History 134 

Why We Oppose the Lodges 136 

Freemasonry Symbolized in Revela- 
tions 138 

Reform Presbyterian Testimony 147 

Prohibition vs. Masonry 149 

Masonry vs. Railroad Men 150 

Lodgeism a False Gospel 151 

The W. C. T. U 151 

The Lodge Rejects Christ 102 

Lionel— A Story , 1 53 

Pastors. Attention 170 

Knights .Templar ('oik -lave 170 

Endowment Fund 171 

Commends The Cynosure 172 

Phi Delta Theta 1 73 

Testimony Converted Heathen 174 

Mormonism 170 

Masonic Ruffianism 178 

Devilish Delusions 168 

The Roman Papacy 195 

The Bible Reading 196 

Socretism Ruins Souls 197 

Burial of Washington 198 

Purrow Secret Societies in Rebellion. 200 

Devil Society in West Africa 202 

See Lodges in Turkey 203 

Separation in China 204 

Jesuits and Freemasons One in Heart 204 

Masonry and Our Public Schools 207 

Masonry and Rome 20S 

Washington's Reticence 209 

Gov. Ritner on General Washington . . 209 

Spurious Letters of Washington 209 

W. C. T. U. and Eastern Star. 213 

Secret Temperance Orders 214 

Kite to Carry the Lodge 215 

German Baptist Testimony 217 

Rebuking Public Vices 234 

A "Touching" Incident 230 

•'Friends' " Good Example , 237 

The Lodge Creed 237 

Mormonism as an Oath Bound Or- 
ganization 238 

Cornell's Human Sacrifice 239 

Institutions of Deviltry and Learning 240 

The Death of Berkeley 241 

Katipunan Society 243 

The Philippines K. K. K 244 

The Cruel "Three K's" 240 

A Modern Woodman's Confession. . . . 253 

How Did Christ Treat Error 260 

A Minister's Reasons 260 

A Silver Anniversary W. C. T. U 261 

Mark Twain on Lying 264 

Some of My Reasons 265 

Pastoral Treatment of Secretists 267 

Secret Political Associations 268 

The Lodge and the Home 288 

The Master's Story 291 

Freemasonry an Ethical Church 292 

Charity Lodge 301 

The Lodge the Foe of Independence. . 301 

Whahoo News 302 

Protecting the Masons 302 

Donations 305 

Old Time Secrecy Discussion 322 

Church Statistics and Lessons 323 

West Africa 324 

Norway .> ,524 

Tehosaphat's Affinity with Ahab 325 

Order of Elks 326 

Sons of Idle Rest 327 

Ex-President Fee on Secrecy .127 

Symposium on College Societies .'528 

Many Incidents in College Initiations. 328 
In His Steps; or. What Would Jesus 

Do? 355 

History Roman Papacy 356 

Obligations Imposed by Secret Socie- 
ties .". .... 35r> 

Funeral of Yirig Hing 363 

Chinese Mason 33d. Coming 364 

History of the Mafia 365 

Mafia Fights All Italy.' 367 

Is Masonry a Religion? 387 

The Mystic Shrine 395 

Friends Rule on Secrecy 394 

What Does It Mean? 394 

Washington and McKinley Contrasted 395 
The Element of Secrecy in Labor Un- 
ions 403. 

Christian Reformed (Holland) Church 404 

May. 1900. 



Open Letter to 0. Branch 405 

Effect of the Lodge on Womanhood. . 40*; 


H. Worthingtou Judd 10 

Jarvis F. Hanks 11 

Andrew C. Jensen 11 

E. Roynane i i 

Rev. Win. Jacoby 38, 39 

Preston S. Clement 88 

C. A. Buhland... 89 

W. 11. Britt Ill 

A. Larsen 179 

Rev. John Collins 17. 92, 95. 387 

Gertrude A. Scott. .. 180 

Jasper J. Tucker 221 

Rev. J. B. Crooks 2:57 

Prof. C. A. Lewis 247 

A. .1. Vandenberg 247 

Simon A. Scarvie 294 

Rev. Judson H. Klein 295 

Edwin C. Roberts 295 

George Sinsley 295 

T. B. Paramore V :>4S 

T. R. Evans V. 1 .... :'.4s 

Rev. J. K. Glassford : > .S7 


National, at Chicago 33 

Seattle. Washington 5. 21 

Pennsylvania 109 

Tacoma. Washington 131, 217 

Ohio State Meeting 219 

Michigan State Meeting 251 

Ohio and New York 253 

Iowa State Meeting 279 

New England Convention 281 

New York Convention 286 

Pennsylvania State Rally 330 

Missouri State Rally 337 

Illinois State Rally 377 

New Castle. Pa 381 

Echoes from Pennsylvania 413 


Joseph O. Herbert 17 

Henry Yeager 17 

Win. N. Green 17 

< Jhester Jessnp 55 

Frank Focht 79 

Roy Terry 160, 167 

Edward Fairfax Berkeley 241 

Mr. Lawrence 240 

Martin V. Bergen 328 

Cornell Professor Talks 328 

Poon Gee and Low Soon 402 

Responsibility for Accidents 402 


Elder Isaac Bancroft 178 

John B. White 59 

Mrs. Mary M. Carnes 205 

Horace L. Hastings 24r» 

Wm. H. Dawson 246 

Mrs. Sarah Maria Buck 297 

Clayton G. F. Miller 297 

Almeda Kent Bailey 297 

('apt. Arthur o. Howell :;:;:» 

Mary R. Bissell 340 

Wm. .!. Robinson, D. D 340 

Elder John Hunter :;12 

Hiram L. Erb 389 

Jabez L. Bnrrell 389 

Miss E. E. Flagg 421 


Pages. .23. 24. 90. 118-120, :;< >0-303, 338, 

339, 384-386, 419-421 

Pages 114. 148-149. 180-182. 297. 298 

beth E. Flagg.) 

Pages. 83. 84. 115-118. 149-151. 176-179. 

206-208, 255. 298-300 

Pages.. ,20-23. NO-82. 111-113. 155-157. 
187-189, 217. 221. 251-255. 336-338, 

376-384. 413-419 

Pages. . 213-21 »;. 247. 248, 289. 290. 342- 

344. 390, 391, 422-426 

In May, 1899— William Slosson. 

In July. 1899— George Washington. Ulys- 
ses S. Grant, Abraham Lincoln. Will- 
iam H. Seward, Thaddeus Stevens. 

In September, 1899— Capt. Wm. Morgan, 
Wm. Morgan's daughter, Mrs. Evalina 
Mather. Twentieth Century Religion. 

In October. 1800— John Marshall. James 
McCosh, D. D.. LL. D. 

In November, 1899— George Washington. 
Tasso's Purrow Society Off. Miss 
Mary B. Mullen, Wyckoff sisters. Mrs. 
Mary M. Carnes. 

In December, 1899— Rev. Henry C. King. 
D. D.. Jonathan Blanchard. Two Em- 
blems of the Cruel Three K's. 

In January. 1900— Dwight L. Moody. Rev. 
M. Loy, D. D., Simon A. Scarvie. the 
Real Lodge Goat. 

in February, 1900— Masonic ("hart. Wm. 
J. Robinson. D. D. 

In March. 1900- ('apt. .1. D. Taylor. Fun- 
eral of Ying Hing, Rev. P. B. Williams. 
Blind Man's Bluff in the Woods. E. Ro- 

In April. 1900 -Miss E. E. Flagg, N. C. A. 
Building a1 Chicago, Rev. W. B. Stod- 


Out with ••Oriental" 79 

From Ritual M. AW A 86 

A Modern Woodman's Confession.... 253 

Secret Insurance 289 

A Shout in the Woods 396 

Own Their Own Hall 4ii7 

The Lutheran Witness 124 



May, 1900, 


The New Expansion 87 


Annie L. Harwell, Past President 175 

Confession Is Good for the Soul. 290 

Can't the Hours Be Limited, Too?. . . . 305 


Daughters of Erin Reorganized 248 

A Troop Cometh 289 


Tendered a Smoker 290 


Some Men Try Soliciting New Mem- 
bers 304 

The Pythian World 304 

An Application for the Ranks of 

Knighthood 304 

The Roman Catholic Church 305 

From Three Lodges 348 

Trouble Among Pythians 349 

Publishes Names of Suspended Mem- 
bers 427 

Quotes Sentences from Ritual 427 

The Order Is Not Reformatory 428 

The Pythian Knights on Snips 185 

The Silly Story of the Lodge Goat 303 


The Progressive Pedro Party 222 

The Bigotry of Many Centuries 222 

A Dancing Party Followed 222, 300 

Essenism Means the Brotherhood of 
Man 303 


W. C. T. U. and Eastern Star 213 

What Shall the Harvest Be? 104 

Order of the Amaranth 289 

G. A. R. 

Is It a Good Omen? 104 


There Are Thousands of Red Men ... 104 
The Improved Order of Red Men. . . . 416 
If a Medical Examination Is Required 117 
I am Glad to Report a Large Increase 

in the 117 

We Thank the Great Spirit that the. . 117 
Great Incohonees, Great Talk at a Red 

Men's 159 

The Proposition to Debar Persons, In- 
toxicating Liquors 304 

The Question of Political or Religious 

Creed 304 

See pages 104, 110, 159 


The Woman's Lodge 104 

Please Stop 103 


Why? 103 


Mystic Shrine 184, 395 


Katipunan Societies of the Philippines 243 

"Ban on Hibernian Order" 69* 


Joy Over Blow to Mafia 311 

Foreign News Notes ' 366 

Akin to Freemasonry 367 

Warm Friends Alienated 78- 


Trades Union Insurance Bill Passed 
over Governor's Veto in Massachu- 
setts 166. 

The Element of Secrecy in Labor Un- 
ions 403- 

Buffalo Conspiracy Trial 408 

See page 227 


Grangers and Whist 426 


The Elks' Secret Out 273"*^ 

Benevolent and Protective Order of. 
Blks 326 


A Bid for Boys 42a 


Shocked the Foresters 403 


Wealth of College Fraternities 60 

Phi Delta Theta 173 

Cornell's Human Sacrifice 239- 

Institutions of Deviltry and Learning. 240 

Lying 241 

College Rowdyism Inexcusable 32S 

Princeton Students Responsible for 

the Death of a Freshman 328 

Cornell Professor Talks 328 

Would Kill Yale Secret Societies 397 

Yale Secret Societies 408 

See also pages : 241, 243, 328 


Woodmen of the World 350 


Mormonism 176 

Mormonism an Oath-bound Organiza- 
tion 238 


Secret Societies in Rebellion 200 

Devil Secret Societies in West Africa. 202 


Jesuits and Freemasonry One in Heart 204 


Secret Temperance Orders 214 



Oddfellowship t>5 

Baptize Children 60 

Junior Oddfellows 87 

History Less Important than Character 95 

Rather Unkind 95 

Insurance Business 95 

Why Not Try Seceding? 95 

Is It a Good Omen? 104 

May, 1900. 


If Light Be Darkness 104 

What They Are Doing 105 

If All Men Were Oddfellows 110 

Suspensions 117 

The Christian Instructor of Philadel- 
phia 1 23 

What Do Oddfellows Mean by Secret? 189 

Dodge Room Located 110 

"Deserve Patronage" 143 

Drunken Chaplains 182 

The Legs of the Lame Are Not Equal. 183 

The Worcester Telegram 183 

Half an Oddfellow 182 

Ohio Lodge in Politics 184 

Oddfellow English .'. 190 

It Would Bear Improvement 194 

For the Benefit 194 

Better than Church 213 

But Isn't It a Secret? 222 

Solemnity of Funeral Ceremonies. . . . 276 

Poet that Sighed for Lodge 303 

Member and Withdrawal Card. 304 

Can't the Hours Be Limited, Too? 305 

Held Civil Oath Superior to Lodge Ob- 
ligation 322 

Shall I Join? .'". . . 390 

Are There More Gods than One? 390 

"Poor Conceited Scalawags" 425 

Idaho Oddfellow on per Capita Tax. . 427 

Thomas Wildey 427 

"Guard Well Your Secrets" 428 

The N. P. D. Worm 429 

Knowing of Whom 430 


Wealth of College Secret Societies ... 60 
How the Fourth Should Be Celebrated ()() 

Testimonies of Grant 65 

Testimonies of Lincoln 66 

Testimonies of Seward 67 

Testimonies of Stevens 68 

McKinley Visits Masonic Hall 76 

Every Man About White House a Ma- 
son 77 

Italy a Land of Lodges. 77 

The Question Drawer 85 

From Ritual of Modern Woodmen. . . . Si> 

W. C, T. U., Elgin, 111 87 

Junior Oddfellows 87 

The New Expansion 87 

For the Children 87 

Rev. George Scharb 91 

The State and Secret Societies 92 

Rather Unkind 95 

Insurance Business 95 

Why Not Try Seceding? 95 

Please Stop L03 

Lodge Insurance 103 

What Shall the Harvest Be? 104 

Is It a Good Omen? 104 

There Are Thousands of Red Men .... 104 

If Light Be Darkness 104 

For the Children L04 

. What They Are Doing 1 1 >•'< 

The Improved Order of Red Men, etc. 116- 

"If All Men Were Oddfellows" 116 

If a Medical Examination Is Required 117 
I Am Glad to Report a Large Increase 117 
We Thank the Great Spirit that the. . 117 

Suspension 117 

New Use for Tracts 120 

Westfield College 121 

Correction 121 

In the American Monthly Review 

(French Masonry) 121 

The Social Forum 121 

Battle Creek College. 122 

On Secret Societies 123 

The Christian Conservator 123 

French Freemasonry 123 

The Christian Harvester of Cleveland. 123 
The Christian Missionary Herald. . . . 124 

The Christian Nation 6, 21, 124 

The Growth of Lodgism in Our 

Country 124 

The Lutheran Witness 124 

Methodism as It Is 125 

Wesleyan Methodist 125 

The Lodge Rejects Christ 152 

Lionel 153 

The Cynosure Is Usually Grave 159 

Our Allies 160 

Keokuk Convention 160 

Phi Delta Theta 173 

Test of a Convert, Heathen 174 

To a Spider 174 

Why Is It? *. 195 

Past President (Rebekah) 175 

For the Little Folk 176 

Why Read the Bible? 182 

Mystic Shrine 184 

The Pythian Knight on "Snips" 185 

The Great Anti-Masonic Wave 18»*> 

One of Uncle Sam's Most Faithful Ser- 
vants 180 

What Do Oddfellows Mean by Secret? 189 

Baptist Ministers Anti-Secret l«y 

Result, Lodge Blotted Out 189 

Miss Alice Bean Says 191 

A Murderous Filipino 191 

But Is Not It a Secret? 222 

The Progressive Pedro Party 222 

The Bowers of Paradise 222 

Wonders of English Spelling 222 

The Bigotry of Many Centuries 222 

A Dancing Party Followed 222 

A Parallel Case 223 

Keep Clear of Secret Societies 223 

Sinning by Proxy 

Daughters of Erin 24S 

Satan's Devices to Deceive 24s 

Why Secret? 24s 

Dear Little Folks 249 

The Toledo Blade 250 

Secret Insurance (M. W. of A.) 289 

A Troop Cometh 289 

The Order of the Amaranth 289 


May, 1900. 

Daughters of Herodias 

Confession Is Good for the Soul 

Silly Story of the Lodge Goat 

The Poet that Sighed 

Essenism Means the Brotherhood of 

Acceptance by Member of Withdrawal 

Some Try Soliciting New Members . . . 

The Pythian World. Quoted 

v To Debar Liquor Dealers 

Application for Ranks of Knighthood. 

Question of Political or Religious 

Can't Hours Be Limited? 

Roman Catholic Church Not Opposed. 


Certain Facts About Lodges. . . .- 

Joy Over Blow to Ma ha 

Death in Initiation .Joke 

Patent Spanking Paddle 

Bishop Charles H. Fowler 

List of Woman Lodges 

Cod's Requirements in Christian Mar- 

Word from China 

The New Departure and What Came 
of It 

Troublesome Man 

Headquarters National Fraternal Con- 

Trouble Among Pythians 

A Slash with a Scimitar 

Woodmen of the World 


Shall I Join? 

Are There More Cods than One? 

Book Marks 

"The New Departure." etc. . . 

Friends' Rules of Discipline 

Mystic Shrine 

The Cold Braid Question !...-. 

A Shout in the Woods 

Would Kill Yale Secret Societies 

American Theosophists 

Read This 

Satan's "Want" Ad 

A Bid for Boys 

What Is the C M. A.? 

Estranged from Brethren 

Miss E. E. Flagg 

A Mother's Question 

What Are Secret Temperance Orders 

New Voice Sketch of O. W. Stewart. . 

Charles Sumner's Eloquence. . 

Poor, Conceited Scalawags 

Seattle Post Intelligence 

Grangers and Whist 

Suspended Pythians Published 

Question of Recognition of Negro 

Idaho Oddfellow on Per Capita Tax. . 





Thomas Wildey. Founder Oddfellow- 

Fraternal Editor Publishes Paragraphs 
from Ritual 

Insurance Companies' Conclave 

Knights of Pythias Not Reformatory. 

Hazy, but Looks Sound 

Cold-Blooded . 

The N. P. D. Worm 

"Knowing of Whom" 

Booker T. Washington 

Some Lodge Fruits 

Fearing Vengeance of Nihilists 

John Went to Lodge 

"Come Ye Out and Be Separate" 





The association is under obligations 
to Mr. J. M. Hitchcock for his invalu- 
able services this year, as for several 
years past, in aiding in the preparations 

for the annual meeting. 








The Wisconsin State convention was 
held in Waupun April 24. The friends 
in Wisconsin gave liberally towards the 
expenses, Mrs. Andrews contributing 
$50 for the State work. What a blessing- 
it would be to that State if the services of 
Rev. J. B. Galloway, of Poynette, Wis., 
could be obtained for the coming year. 
Who will second this motion, both by 
their pocketbook and prayers? 

The success of the convention is due 
to the labors of Secretary P. B. Williams. 
His wife added to the interest by giving 
a reading on the "Marriage Relation Per- 
verted." A fuller report of the conven- 
tion will appear in the June number. 

Prospects are good for a very interest- 
ing- gathering at our annual meeting May 
10. Several of the Chicago ministers 
have said that they would be present and 
take part. Rev. I. Bennett Trout has 
promised to give an address. Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard, Rev. P. B. Williams and 
wife are among those that will be here 
and whom everyone will be glad to see. 

Edmund Ronayne spent a portion of 
April lecturing in Michigan in company 
with Jasper J. Tucker of Spring Arbor. 

Arrangements have been made by the 
Mennonites to hold anti-secrecy conven- 
tions among their people during the 
year. Yale, Brown City and Mancelonia, 
Mich., have already been selected as 
points for such conventions. The com- 
mittee which appointed the above named 
points will select other points later on. 


Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty* 
wo degree Masons. 

Look to the East A ritual of the 
n/st three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is 

very inferior in every way to Freemasonry IJ'.ms- 

trated or the Handbook of Freemasonry at a 

quarter the price. 

Scotch Rite Masonry^ Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entire 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to 18th inclusive. 

Vol. II comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
iuclusive, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass- 
words Imm» itf to 33«a *^cree inclusive' 


Revised Odd=felIowship Illustra- 
ted. Cloth, $[.00: paper cover, 5octs. 

The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
campment and Rebekah (ladies) degrees, profuse- 
ly illustrated, and guaranteed to be strictly ac- 
curate; with a sketch of origin, history and char- 
acter of the order, over one hundred foot-note 
quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
alysis of each degree by ex-President J . Blanchard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the " Charge 
Books" furnished by the Sovereign Grand Lodee. 

Revised Rebekah Ritual (IIlus= 

Revised and Amended Official "Ritual for 
Rebekah Lodges, published by the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge I. O. O. F.," with the Unwrit- 
ten (secret) work added and the official 
"Ceremonies of Instituting Rebekah Lodges 
and Installation of Officers of Rebekah 
Lodges." 25 cents; dozen, $2.00. 

Odd-fellowship Judged by its own 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
examined in light of God's Word. By 
Rev. J. H. Brockman. Cloth, 50c; pa- 
per cover, 25c. 

This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus- 
sion of the chara :ter of Odd-fellowship, in the form 
of a dialogue, 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor of Evangelical Lutheran 
church, ioc. tach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
all forms and. the duty to disfellowship Odd-fel- 
lows, Freemasons, Knights of Pythias and Gran- 
gers, is clearly shown by their confessed character 
as found in their own publications. 


Exposition of thtf Orange. 25c. 

Edited by Rev. A. W. Geeslin. Illustrated with 

The Foresters Illustrated. Paper. 

cover 25c. each, $2.00 per dozen. 
The Complete Illustrated Ritual of the Forest- 
_vs, with Installation Ceremonies. 

Good Templarism Illustrated. 25c. 

A full and accurate exposition of the degrees of 
the lodge, temple and council. 

Ritual of the Grand Army of the 
Republic ioc. each. 

The authorized ritual of 1868, with signs of re- 
cognition, pass-words, etc.. and ritual of Machin- 
ists' and Blacksmiths' Union, (The two bound to- 

Knights of Labor Illustrated. 25c. 

("Adelphon Kruptos.") The conij !ete illus- 
trated ritual of the order, including the "unwritten 

Knights of the Haccabees (Illus- 

Complete Illustrated Ritual of Order, with 
Unwritten Work. 25 cents. 

Knights of the Orient Illustrated. 

15c each. 

The full Illustrated Ritua a. Ancient Order ol 
the Orient or the Oriental degree. This is a side 
degree conferred mostly a Knights of Pythias 

Revised Knights of Pythias, Illus- 
trated. Cloth, 50c: paper cover 25c. 

An exact copy of the new official Ritual Adopted 
by the Supreme Lodge of the world, with the Se- 
cret work added and fully Illustrated. 

flodern Woodmen of America(ll= 
lustrated). ~] 

Complete Revised Official Ritual of the 
Beneficiary and Fraternal Degrees, with Un- 
written or Secret Work, Installation, 
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each, $2.00 per dozen postpaid. 
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Rituals and 5ecrets Illustrated. 

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Composed of "Temple of Honor Illustrated, 
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By M. N. Butler. This is a book of 200 
pages, 1V-2 by 5 inches, and is sent postpaid 
for 25 cents. There are chapters on "Bible 
and Secretism," "Lodge and Saloon," "All- 
round Reformers," etc., etc. 25 cents each. 

A Booklet of 107 pages. 25c. 

"The Martyr's Own Monument," by Rev. J. E. 
Roy, D. D., Western Secretary of American Mis- 
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sure; " The Mysterious Machine: Was it Lawn- 
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Dept. U. S. Government. 

The Anti-mason's Scrap-Book. 


Consisting of S3 "Cvnosurc" tracts. In Itus 
book are the views of more than a score of men, 
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ject of secret societies. 



Secret Societies 


National Christian Association, 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 

The National Christian Association, having 
its principal place of business at 221 West 
Madison St., Chicago, 111., is the only asso- 
ciation in the world incorporated for the 
purpose of saving the home, the church and 
the state from being depraved, disintegrated 
and destroyed by the secret lodge. 

A sample copy of its magazine, The Chris- 
tian Cynosure, can be obtained at the above 
address for 10 cents. 

No expositions for sale except those adver- 
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'Terms:— Cash with order, or if sent by express 
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a guaranty that books will be taken. Books at 
retail prices sent postpaid. Books by Mail 9-e at 
risk of persons ordering, unless 8 cents extra is 
sent to pay for registering them, when their safe 
delivery is guaranteed. Books at retail ordered 
by express, are sold at io per cent discount asad 
delivery guaranteed, but not express paid. Pos4° 
age stamps taken for small sums. 


Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper, 40c. 
The accuracy of these expositions attested by 

affidavits of Jacob O. Doesburg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon of the Blue Lodge and 
Chapter consisting of seven degrees. Profusely 

Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. 

20c. each. 

A full and complete illustrated ritual of the five 
degrees of Female Freemasonry, by Thomas Lowe. 

Ailyn's Ritual of Freemasonry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cloth, #5.00. 

Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
Lodge, Chaot^r Council and Commandery, n of 
the Scotch Rite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Key to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orange Societies'. 

Cabala. Pocket size, full roan, 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
Masonic Degrees; 4th to 7th inclusive, in Cypher. 
Givingthe degrees of Mark Master, Past Master, 
M~4tPv*tex>t Master «nd Roval Arck, 

Council of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 
The Complete Standard Ritual of Council 
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Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 
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Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
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der for the seven degrees, including the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as " Freemasonry .dustrated." 

Ecce Orient!. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 
William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c. 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand-Book of Freemasonry, 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 
By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Knights of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Ritual of the Commandery 
vlasonic Degrees, Knights of the Red Cross, 
knight Templar and Knight ot Malta, nth to 13th 


Knight Templaris^i Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated ritoal of the six degrees of 
ifae Council and Commandery. 

Light on Freemasonry. 

By Elder D. Bernard. To which is ap- 
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Odd Fellowship (old work), by a Member 
of the Craft." The whole containing over 
five hundred pages, lately revised and re- 
published. In cloth, $1.50 each; per dozen, 
$14.50. The first part of the above work, 
Light on Freemasonry, 416 pages, 75 cents 
each; per dozen, $7.50. 

Richardson's Monitor of Freema- 
sonry. Cloth, $1.2^; paper, 75c. 
Contains the ceremonies of Lodges, Chapters, 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only very incomplete but inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it wives but a description 
and general idea of the 4egrees rather than the 
full ritual. 

Mah-Hah=Bone; 589 pages; #1.00 

Comprises the Hand Book, Master's Carpet ana 
Freemasonry at a glance. 

Secretary New England Christian Association. 


Short Editorials 32-34 

N. C. A. Annual Meeting- 
General Minutes 35 

Resolutions and Memorial 35 

Plan of Work 36 

Eeport of Board of Directors 37 

Report of Agent Wylie 37 

Report of Rev. J. P. Stoddard 39 

Report of Field Agent Williams 40 

Report of Secretary W. B. Stoddard. ... 40 

Extempore Addresses 41 

Letters from Corporate Members 45 

Freedom and the Lodge 49 

The Universality of Masonry . 50 

Does He Hate This Thing? 50 

What. They Want— Tax Exemption 50 

Washington Memorial 51 

An Official Act— Charity 51 

A Flood 51 

Lodge Plagues 51 

Ripe for Change 51 

Lodge Notes. 52 

Impious, Whether Blasphemous or Not. 53". 

The Lodge and the Home- 
Snares 54 

Brahminism for Children 54 

Ascension Day and Easter Observance. 55- 

Lodge-room Manners . 55 

The Story, "A New Departure" 56- 

Odds and Ends 58 

Our Symposium- 
Trades Unions and Trusts 59 

Mrs. Robb's Persecutors. 60 

A Publisher's Experience 61 

News of Our Work— 

A Student's Vacation Work 62 

Interstate Convention— Kansas City, Mo. 63 
From Rev. P. B. Williams 66 

Voices from the Lodge Ofr 

Newspapers and Reform— 

The Pope's Blessing 67 

Kang Yu and the "Boxers" . 6& 

Selected Bible Readings 68 

A Word to Our Coworkers 7fr 

Advertisements 70-72. 


"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend^ 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Orgaa of the National 
Christian Association. 



211 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second clas 


PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES. -We find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tail to remit before expiration. It js therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian Cynosure to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 

Addres all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

The annual meeting was one in which 
the disciples were gathered together with 
one accord, and thus having fulfilled the 
conditions of spiritual blessing, received 
the blessing: 

A desire for the good opinion of the 
best people is right and honorable. It 
was with pleasure that we listened to one 
of Chicago's best women say, at the close 
of the afternoon session: "I must admit 
that you have had gathered here in your 
annual meeting a very respectable body 

of cranks." Very few have sufficient in- 
dividuality to stand up against public 
judgment and defy the almost unanimous 
opinion of society. 

There was majesty and goodness man- 
ifest in the speakers in the Carpenter 
Hall meeting that commanded and com- 
pelled respect. Some of them seemed to 
have the same voice that moved Luther 
at Worms to say, "Here I stand, I can- 
not do otherwise, God help me," and so 
these were able to speak with great faith- 
fulness and sweetness of spirit. 

In the thirty-second volume of the 
Cynosure, which closed with the April 
number, are many interesting testimonies 
from those who have been delivered from 
their bondage to secret societies. These 
include Freemasons, Knights of Pythias, 
Modern Woodmen of the World, the 
Grange, Knights of the Maccabees, An- 
cient Order of United Workmen, Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, Junior Order of 
the United American Mechanics, Good 
Templars, and American Protective As- 

It is not a little singular that men of much 
more than ordinary intelligence may be found 
in all parts of the United States of North 
America, who are bitterly opposed, not only 
to Freemasonry but nearly all other secret 
societies. — Missouri Freemason. Saturday. 
March 31. 

It would be more singular still if men 
of "more than ordinary intelligence." 
scattered in "all parts" of the United 
States should come to the same attitude 
of opposition about anything which, up- 
on careful examination, should prove to 
contain nothing that intelligent men 
ought to oppose. 


June, 1900. 

It is within our knowledge during the war 
of the Sixties, also with Spain, to know of 
many instances wherein Freemasonry not 
only saved many lives, hut played quite an 
important part in matters of some moment.— 
From an extract in Masonic Chronicle. 

It has been Masonically claimed that 
Masonry secured a violation of interna- 
tional law in the Spanish war. Masonic 
law was above international law. 

The following newspapers are among 
those which have published articles ad- 
verse to the lodge, and from which the 
Cynosure has quoted during the past 
year : The Christian Guide, Ram's Horn, 
Ecclesia Voice, Post Standard, Home 
Light, Lives of Healing, The Midland, 
The Christian Conservator, The Free 
Methodist, The Christian Instructor, The 
Sabbath Recorder, The Review of Re- 
views. Times-Herald, The Companion, 
Scribner's Z\Iagazine, Ladies' Home 
Journal, American Monthly Review, So- 
cial Forum, Watchman, Christian Har- 
vester, The Christian Mission Herald, 
The Christian Nation, The Wesleyan, 
The Lutheran Witness, Immanuel's 
Friend, Christian Advocate, The Men- 
nonite, The Holiness Advocate, Ameri- 
can Citizen, Grand Lodge Independent, 
Lutheran Standard, Inter Ocean, The 
Covenanter Record, The Evangelical 
Messenger, The Safe Guard and Ar- 
mory, The Christian L T nion Herald, 
Xorth Carolina Friend, Saturday Even- 
ing Post, The Press, The World, Lon- 
don Chronicle, Revivalist, Register Re- 
view, Reform Presbyterian Standard, 
The American Friend, Baptist Standard, 
Xew York Herald, Chicago Record, 
Xew York Journal, Baltimore Ameri- 
can, Christian Harvester, Norse Intelle- 
gensedler (Christina, Norway). 


Harper's Weekly of April 7 quotes 
from Washington's farewell address that 
part which is used, for perhaps a some- 
what different purpose, in Gov. Ritner's 
official communication to the Pennsyl- 
vania Legislature, in which he maintains 
that Washington was opposed to secret 

However the extract is used by the 

Weekly. It is gratifying to have it circu- 
lated for any purpose, while in these 
times it is refreshing to get back to the 
founders of the government and consti- 
tution and hear even the foremost among: 
them quoted with reasonable respect. 

Those of our readers who have the 
tract, "Gen. Washington Opposed to Se- 
cret Societies," can find the passage as 
quoted by Governor Ritner on the 19th 
page. It is the one which begins : "All 
obstructions to the execution of the laws, 
all combinations and associations under 
whatever plausible character," etc. Those 
who have not the tract can obtain it from 
us bv mail. 


Nonogenarian Who Has Been in Chicago 
Since 1853 Has a Celebration. 

Mrs. Permelia Cook, of this city, was 
90 years old May 7, 1900. Grandma 
Cook, as she is called, with her husband, 
the Rev. Ezra Sprague Cook, and five 
children — two daughters and three sons 
— came to Chicago in 1853. All but the 
eldest son, Nathaniel — long a resident of 
California — and David C. Cook, the Sun- 
day school publisher, were born in va- 
rious New England villages, where her 
husband, a liberally educated, eloquent 
Methodist minister, was laboring. Grand- 
ma lives with her sons, Ezra A. Cook, a 
stationer and .publisher, at No. 316 
Washington boulevard. She retains her 
mental faculties to a remarkable degree.. 
As is usual in old age, her memory of 
fifty years ago is more vivid and accurate 
than of the occurrences of a month: 
since ; and the marvelous changes in 
Chicago within her memory are more 
wonderful than a fairy tale of the imagi- 

At the birthday celebration held on 
Saturday the following toast was offered 
by John B. Strasburger, followed by vig- 
orous applause : 

Here's to the world, 
The young, old w r orld, 

And the days that are happy or blue,. 
And here's to the future, 
Be what it may, 

And here's to the best — that's votu 

.Time. 1000. 




Report of Proceedings — Synopsis of Addresses — State 
ments of Agents — Letters from Corporate 


The annual meeting was called to or- 
der by Secretary Phillips, and Rev. H. 
J. Becker, D. D., of Dayton, Ohio, was 
elected temporary chairman, and Mr. 
Paul B. Fischer recording secretary pro 
tern. Rev. P. B. Williams led in the de- 
votional service. 

Committees were then chosen on nom- 
inations, resolutions, and plan of work. 
President Swartz, and Mrs. Kellogg, Re- 
cording Secretary, having arrived, the 
association listened to the minutes of the 
previous meeting, which was followed by 
reports of General Secretary and Treas- 
urer, Auditors and Board of Directors. 
Each of the reports was received and 

The following named persons were 
elected to membership in the Corporate 
body : Rev. O. T. Lee, of Northwood, 
Iowa; Rev. G. M. Robb, of Syracuse, N. 
Y. ; Rev. S. C. Nielsen, of Kasson, 
Minn. ; Rev. I. Bennett Trout, Lanark, 
111. ; Editor Grant Mahan, Elgin, 111. ; 
Rev. J. A. Mack, Chicago ; Mr. Peter 
Sinclair, Chicago ; Rev. H. K. G. Doer- 
mann, Blue Island, 111. ; Rev. P. Aloer- 
dyke, 689 Harrison street, Chicago ; Rev. 
J. G. Fidden, Chicago; Mrs. E. Ronayne, 
Chicago; Mr. and Mrs. Mullenix, Whea- 
ton, 111. 

Committee on Resolutions reported, 
and the resolutions which follow were 
adopted : 

The Committee on Plan of Work re- 
ported and its report was adopted, and 
its suggestion as adopted are found in 
this number of the Cynosure. 

The Committee on Xominations re- 
ported as follows for the officers for the 
coming year. Its report was accepted 
and the following named officers were 
elected : For President, Rev. Samuel H. 
Swartz ; For Vice President, Rev. H. J. 
Becker, D. D. ; Recording Secretary, 
Airs. Xora E. Kellogg; General Secre- 

tary and Treasurer, William I. Phillips ; 
Board of Directors, Prof. II. F. Kletz- 
ing, Rev. E. B. Wylie, Air. J. M. Hitch- 
cock, Rev. P. W. Raidabaugh, Air. Ezra 
A. Cook, Rev. T. B. Arnold. Mr. C. J. 
Holmes, Rev. C. A. Blanchard, Rev. Pe- 
ter Moerdyke, Air. Peter Sinclair, Rev. 
J. G. Fidden. 

The afternoon session of the annual 
meeting was deeply interesting because 
of the manifest presence of the Spirit of 
God with moving and melting power. 

Rev. William Dillon, editor of the 
Christian Conservator, Huntington, In- 
diana, read a portion of Scripture and 
led the convention in prayer. After a 
duet, "My Mother's Way,"' sung by Air. 
and Airs. Rockwell, a number of inter- 
esting addresses were given. 


The National Christian Association, in 
annual conference assembled, acknowl- 
edging with humble thanksgivings the 
undeserved blessing of God upon our- 
selves and our labors during the past 
year, desires to make the following state- 
ments of fact : 

In General. 

First, we reaffirm our conviction that 
all secret societies are evil in nature and 
tendency; that they are enemies of the 
family, the church and the state; that 
they especially rival and antagonize the 
churches of Jesus Christ ; that they seek 
to monopolize civil offices and override 
the law of the land, and as such enemies 
to God and man should be opposed by 
all who call themselves Christians. 

Insurance Lodges. 

Second, we declare our belief that the 
fraternal insurance lodges of our time 
are objectionable for the following rea- 
sons : (a) They usually have connected 
with their ritual some religious exercises 



June, 1900. 

which lead godless and wicked men to 
believe that they can live in sin, die with- 
out repentance and go to heaven ; (b) 
like other lodges they unite believers and 
unbelievers in close and fraternal rela- 
tions, which is contrary to the word of 
God ; (c) as business institutions they are 
failures, as is clearly proved by the court 
records and the financial principles on 
which they are founded ; (d) we therefore 
urge all Christians and patriots to antag- 
onize these late developments of the se- 
cret society movement, as well as the 
older and more evil organizations, to 
which we have formerly devoted our 
chief attention. 

Third, we express our conviction that 
the progress of our cause in the minds 
and hearts of the Church of Jesus Christ 
is a cause for encouragement and re- 
newed activity. We believe that as in- 
as citizens, we should be more prayerful, 
dividuals, as members of churches, and 
active and earnest in our labors to warn 
men of the dangers of secretism, and 
urge fidelity to the true religious faith 
which w r e have received. 

Legislative Enactment Demanded. 

Fourth, at this time, when secret com- 
binations are seeking to control all in- 
dustries and means of transportation, 
and when, in consequence, men are being 
maimed and killed in our streets, we 
deem it important again to call attention 
to the fundamental principles of our as- 
sociation, and to declare that secret as- 
sociations are in their very nature evil, 
and that no matter what may be the pre- 
tenses on which they are founded, they 
are essentially hostile to law and order, 
and as such should be suppressed by 
legislative enactment. 

In Memoriam. 

Fifth, we record the following names 
of friends who have in the year past been 
promoted to the upper courts, with 
thanks for the kind services which they 
have rendered to this and other good 
causes, and with loving sympathy for 
those whom they leave with us : Elder 
Isaac Bancroft, Mr. John B. White, Mrs. 
Marv M. Carnes, Rev. H. L. Hastings, 
Mr. Wm. H. Dawson, Mrs. Sarah M. 
Buck, Mr. Clayton F. G. Miller, Mrs. 
Almeda Kent Bailey, Capt. A. O. How- 
ell. Mrs. Marv R. Bissell, Rev. Dr. Rob- 

inson, Elder John Hunter, Mr. Hiram 
L. Erb, Mr. Jabes L. Burrell, Miss E. E. 
Flagg. While all these friends were 
valued helpers, the first and last-named, 
Elder Bancroft and Miss Flagg, by rea- 
son of the length of their service and its 
faithful and self-denying character, are 
worthy of special remembrance. 


Agitation, education, organization, is 
the watchword of our cause. Who will 
assume the generalship of a movement 
that will bring the tens of thousands of 
anti-secret people of the land to combine 
their efforts to meet the great enemy of 
the individual, the family, the church, 
and the state? How shall these- forces 
be united for effectual work? 

ist. We recommend that the General 
Secretary of the N. C. A. solicit the 
names of the leading men of the several 
anti-secrecy churches and confer with 
them as to the best methods of bringing 
before their respective societies the inter- 
ests of that movement which contem- 
plates the destruction of the secret sys- 
tem and the elevation of the church of 
the Redeemer. That the N. C. A. pre- 
pare a letter to the churches and espe- 
cially the anti-secrecy churches, setting 
forth the object of the association and in- 
viting co-operation. 

2d. We advise that pastors of the 
churches opposed to the lodges see to it 
that helpful literature be circulated, and 
that the best speakers be secured to lec- 
ture before the community, and they give 
sound argument against the claims set 
up by the lodge in defense of their or- 

3d. That the General Secretary inquire 
into the utility of the kinetoscope, be 
looked after by the General Secretary, 
and its practical usefulness to reveal the 
follies of initiation be made known 
through the columns of the Cynosure. 
H. J. Becker, 
Ezra A. Cook, 
Thos. M. Chalmers, 

"If it be a religion, it is the universal 

June, 1900. 




Dear Brethren : The Board during the 
year was composed of the following 
members : E. A. Cook, C. A. Blanchard, 
Elliott Whipple, E. B. Wylie, J. M. 
Hitchcock, H. L. Kletzing, C. J. Holmes, 
T. B. Arnold, P. W. Raidabaugh, T. M. 
Chalmers, and S. B. Shaw. 

On May 20th, 1899, the new Board of 
Directors met at the Carpenter Hall and 
organized as follows : Mr. C. J. Holmes 
was elected Chairman; Prof. H. F. Klet- 
zin, Vice Chairman ; and E. B. Wylie, 
Secretary. Committee were elected as 
follows : Finance and Auditory, Elliott 
Whipple, H. A. Fischer, and J. M. Hitch- 
cock; Buildings and Other Real Estate, 
W. I. Phillips, W. B. Stoddard, E. A. 
Cook and C. J. Holmes ; Publications, 
P. W. Raidabaugh, E. A. Cook, T. B. 
Arnold, M. A. Gault and W. I. Phillips ; 
Field Work and Conventions, J. M. 
Hitchcock, C. A. Blanchard and W. I. 

Meetings were held during the year 
on the following dates: May 20th, 27th; 
July 15th, Sept. nth, Nov. 27th, Dec. 
29th, 1899, and April 30th, 1900. The 
various sessions of the Board were char- 
acterized by an earnest devotion to the 
object of the association. The attend- 
ance of the members has been very gen- 
eral and often at some personal sacrifice, 
as several of the Board travel some dis- 
tance to the meetings. As usual our 
General Secretary, William I. Phillips, 
has kept a firm and practiced hand on 
the affairs of the association, and has 
greatly assisted the Board at the meet- 
ings, making it possible to transact much 
business in a short time. We shall leave 
to the General Secretary the report of 
the work afield and of the various de- 
partments of home office work. The 
field agents' reports which have hereto- 
fore been heartily welcomed by the as- 
sociation will be allowed to speak for 

The year has witnessed progress and 
especially in the way of a more general 
discussion of the question of secrecy. 
Church councils, the religious papers, 
daily press and magazine literature have 
given place to the question. The work 
of our association has become better 
known and the literature dealing with 

this question has had a widening circu- 

We are glad to report the great activ- 
ity on the part of the Committee on Pub- 
lications, in conjunction with Mr. W. I. 
Phillips, who, in addition to the duties of 
General Secretary and Treasurer, has 
had editorial charge of the Cynosure 
magazine. The former acceptability of 
the Cynosure has been sustained, and, 
in various issues, an excellence has been 
attained which has made the magazine of 
permanent value as a work of reference. 
The scope of the matter has been exten- 
sive, as may be seen from the table of 
contents in the current number ; and the 
treatment accorded the different phases 
of the great question of secrecy has been 
thorough. We regard the conduct of the 
Cynosure as eminently effective. 

We are grateful to God for the bless- 
ings of the year, and look forward with 
large hopes for the future. Respectfully 
submitted, E. B. Wylie, 



From Nov. 5, 1899 to March 28, 1900. 

I worked in this cause about one-half 
the time between the above dates. My 
first effort was a convention in Clarinda, 
Iowa. In this work I was most faith- 
fully and efficiently helped by Rev. J. W. 
Dill, of the R. P. Church, Clarinda, 
Iowa. In connection with this conven- 
tion I preached on Sabbaths in the R. 
P. Church, Blanchard, Iowa; the U. P. 
Church, College Springs, Iowa, and in 
the R. P., U. P., Presbyterian, Christian, 
and Colored Baptist Churches, Clarinda, 
Iowa; and lectured in Shambaugh, and 
in the F. M. Church, College Springs, on 
week evenings. I also visited Shenan- 
doah, Iowa, and interviewed Evangelist 
Williams, who told me that the lodge 
was one of the main obstacles to his 

Pres. C. A. Blanchard, of Wheaton 
College, 111., bore the burden of the work 
of the convention. He sustained his 
reputation. All the addresses were ex- 
cellent. We made an earnest effort to 
have Rev. S. H. King, the Odd Fellows" 
State Lecturer, or some one else, defend 
the lodge interests, but they failed to put 


June, 1900. 

in an appearance. The last evening the 
church was filled with lodge men, who 
listened attentively for two hours to 
Pres. Blanchard. 

Last week I inquired as to the result 
of our work there, and was told that the 
lodges attracted little or no interest this 
last winter. The men who are leaders 
of influence in the town do not belong to 
the lodge. Attorney Wm. Orr, who gave 
us a most excellent and searching ad- 
dress at the convention, is president of 
the Chautauqua and Lecture Course 
Committees, and is the leader of the 
Anti-Saloon League, and is also superin- 
tendent of the largest Sunday school in 
town. He is nobly backed by such men 
as Richardson, Phillips and Dill. 

In December I spent a day interview- 
ing the ministers in St. Joseph, Mo. I 
found that while many belonged to the 
lodge all were conscious that the lodge 
was a great hindrance to the spirituality 
of church members, and to all church 
work, especially revival work. 

My next point was Pawnee City, Neb. 
Here I found but one minister that be- 
longed to the lodge, and he admitted its 
evil tendency. I preached in three of 
the churches here, my last audience num- 
bering between 500 and 600. 

In January I preached in Mound City, 
Mo., in the Presbyterian and Christian 
churches, and addressed the ministers, 
who unanimously approved my work. 
Here one lodge man admitted that the 
lodge kept people away from the church, 
away from Christ and salvation. 

I next lectured in Burlington Junction, 
Mo., where the Christian minister re- 
marked after I was through that he 
thought there was as much Christ in the 
lodge as in the Democratic or Republican 
parties ; and when I said I didn't doubt 
that, the audience laughed at him so that 
he got very angry, and said he voted the 
prohibition ticket. I answered that as he 
had left the old parties he ought to leave 
the lodge, and that a little more Christ 
would not hurt the Prohibition party. 

I lectured also in Albany and Stanber- 
ry, Mo., and preached in Kirksville, Mo. 
In all these places the truth was received 
by all who heard it, even when they be- 
longed to the lodge. They all admitted 
that the only safe course was to follow 

Christ, and if they would do so they 
would not join the lodge, and that "One 
Brotherhood in Christ" was one of the 
grandest thoughts that man could con- 

In February I returned to Albany, 
Mo., and lectured two nights and spoke 
in the Christian and South M. E. Col- 
leges. A lodge revivalist had disgusted 
the lodge people so that not a dog moved 
his tongue against us ; yea, they were 
too ashamed to come out to hear us. 

I next went to Blue Springs, Mo. 
Here I met by first open opposition. It 
came as it has always done, from peo- 
ple who refuse to hear. The lodge men 
were so worked up that we had to hold 
one meeting in a blacksmith shop. But 
as the people listened to the truth, the 
opposition gave way, and at the close 
even lodge men came forward and 
thanked me for my work. 

My work for March centered in the 
convention in Kansas City. I preached 
in the Friends Church, the Tabernacle 
Congregational Church, and in the two 
U. P. churches; also in the Roberts, 
Helping Hand and American Volun- 
teers missions, and gave a two hours' ad- 
dress to the students of the Gospel Un- 
ion. I interviewed some twenty-five 
ministers, and found that not a third of 
the ministry of the city belong to the 
lodge. I never left a minister without 
gaining the admission that Christ in his 
fullness was not in the lodge, and that 
Christians were better .out of the lodge. 

In the convention I had the assistance 
of M. N. Butler, an old warhorse in the 
anti-secret cause. Full freedom was 
given lodge men to speak. Two of them 
availed themselves of the privilege, with 
the result that one confessed that he had 
no use for the religion of the lodge, and 
was in doubt as to its charity and insur- 
ance features ; and the other was so kind- 
ly answered that he went away without 
offense to think the matter over. We 
succeeded in getting the papers to take 
notice of us, but they utterly refused to 
tell the truth. 

The press and parties of the West are, 
as a rule, in the service of the devil. I 
have just heard that they are trying to 
suppress M. N. Butler's book, "The 
Kansas Klondike." At the Soldiers' 

June, 1900. 



Home they have ordered every copy to 
be burned. This is an old-fashioned per- 
secution. But the truth will prevail. 

I find that all causes are realizing the 
fact that the lodge is only evil, but what 
to do with it is the question. They have 
no plan of work, and they hope that if 
let alone it will die of itself, and this 
makes them indifferent to our work. 
Where I could get a hearing I could al- 
ways present the matter in an inoffensive 
way. But indifference and prejudice 
would keep them away, and when they 
would come they were held in an inac- 
tive state. The great question in con- 
nection with our work is, how to over- 
come this indifference and prejudice. 

Suggestions for Future Work. 

Much of what I have to say may seem 
visionary and impracticable, but I wish 
you to think about it. 

I. The Cynosure wants to be made a 
weekly, even if it should not be more 
than a four-page sheet. In this age of 
dailies, people have no patience with a 
month-old news. Every subscriber I 
met said it was a mistake to change it 
into a monthly. 

2. The work wants to be given a broad- 
er view. The positive as well as the neg- 
ative side wants to be discussed, both in 
the Cynosure and on the platform. Men 
want to be taught the principles of true 
brotherhood. The evils of all false 
brotherhoods, whether secret or open, 
w r ant to be exposed and the remedy 
pointed out. This will make a wide field. 
It will touch political parties, and even 
churches. The secret empire is at the 
head of all this evil, but its influences 
reach into all departments of society. 
How far this work should be pushed at 
the present time may be a question, but 
the time is coming when there must be 
organization, both in church and state, 
on the basis of true brotherhood. The 
'''One Brotherhood in Christ" can only 
reach its highest consummation when we 
live as brothers in all the relationships 
of life. 

3. In the management of the Cynosure 
I would give a page or two of condensed 
foreign and home news, such as the busy 
man would love to have to keep him 
abreast of the times ; and I would pre- 
pare it with a view to the one brother- 
hood in Christ. I would learn from 

Sheldon, and do better than he. I would 
put in the Sabbath school lesson in the 
same way. Then I would have a Scrip- 
ture lesson of a column or two bearing 
directly on some phase of the N. C. A. 
work ; the whole Bible bears on it when 
you discuss it in the broad sense I have 
spoken of. I would give all this in addi- 
tion to what we have in the Cynosure, 
giving less of what we have. 

4. If it is possible to obtain the views, 
I would put at least one man in the field 
with a stereopticon, projectoscope, or, 
better still, a moving picture machine, 
and would show off the inside workings 
of the lodge in this way. It seems to me 
that this would take to such an extent 
that an admittance fee could be charged 
and still a good house obtained. 

5. This is an age of fearful indifference 
in all matters of morality and religion, as 
shown by whole conferences petitioning 
for permission to dance, play cards, go 
to theaters, etc. That indifference meets 
all reform work, ours especially. The 
only way I know of to overcome it is by 
intelligent and common sense zeal for 
the truth, fired to the highest pitch. 

These are the human instrumentali- 
ties. They will accomplish nothing per- 
manent, except as they are used in de- 
pendence on the Holy Spirit, and in obe- 
dience to God in Christ. 


To the faithful gathered in annual ses- 
sion of the National Christian Associa- 
tion at Chicago, May 20, 1900, Greet- 
ing. "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ 
be with you." 

Nothing of a sensational character has 
occurred during the year past, in the 
New England field. There has been a 
steady advance in the interest felt, and 
freedom and frequency of testimonies 
against the secret lodges. It is unques- 
tionably true that many are joining the 
secret orders, and it is equally certain 
that many, who were once members, ab- 
stain from all participation in lodge 
work, and several whom I know have 
absolved their connections and speak 
boldly against what they have found to 
be a deception and fraud. As heretofore, 
our most available method is by personal 
effort and the circulation of tracts and 



June, 1900. 

literature. Opportunities to speak 
briefly, and in the line of testimony, are 
frequent, but there are still difficulties in 
the way of securing audiences for a ser- 
vice announced for the consideration of 
secret lodges. 

I need only to add my assurance of 
hearty sympathy and willingness to co- 
operate with our brethren in pushing 
forward the great work to which the 
Master has called us, and in which I 
trust we may be mutually helpful. It 
would give me great pleasure to meet 
with you in this annual gathering, but 
such does not seem to be the will of our 
Heavenly Father. We have all noted 
with gratitude and satisfaction the suc- 
cess of your efforts under the supervis- 
ion of your indefatigable General Agent 
and his co-laborers, and pray that great- 
er things may be realized in the imme- 
diate future. All feel a deep interest in 
the Christian Cynosure, and wish for it 
a brilliant future. May our national or- 
gan go "from strength to strength," and 
long continue a "terror to evil doers and 
a praise to them that do well." 

Your readers will miss the communi- 
cations of Miss E. E. Flagg, but the 
great personal loss is to us who were so 
intimately associated with her in the 
Xew England field, as she often remark- 
ed, "The workers fail, but the work goes 
on," because it is the Lord's. 

Let us be of good courage and may 
the dear Lord preside in your assembly 
and give harmony, wisdom and efficien- 
cy in all your deliberations, for His 
name's sake. 

Report of Field Agent Rev. P. B. Williams. 

Since my last annual report, I have 
spoken two hundred and sixty-four times. 
One hundred and ten times on the lodge 
evil, and one hundred and fifty-four times 
on other subjects. One hundred and 
ninety-six of these addresses were on the 
Pacific coast in the States of Oregon and 
Washington. Sixty-eight have been de- 
livered since I came east in January last. 
These addresses were in Illinois, Indiana, 
Ohio, Pennsylvania, Iowa and Wiscon- 

My traveling expenses during the year 
have amounted to $375.54. 

Mv collections for the vear amounted 

to $440.52. I have received 101 Cyno- 
sure subscriptions. Receipts for Cyno- 
sures during the year, $90.75. Total re- 
ceipts in excess of traveling expenses, 
^^S^- In this respect my report is an 
improvement on any former report since 
I took the field. 

I have held and assisted in holding six 
conventions during the year. Two in 
the State of Washington,' at Seattle and 
Tacoma; two in Illinois, at Galesburg 
and Monmouth ; and in Pennsylvania, at 
New Castle, and one at Waupun, Wis. 

While considerable work has been 
done much remains to be done. "The 
fields are white to harvest. Pray ye 
the Lord of the harvest that he may 'send 
forth _ other laborers and more efficient 
ones into his vinevard 


Dear Friends and Fellow Workers : 

The past has been a year of blessing 
and progress in the field' assigned to my 


The final triumph of the Redeemer's 
kingdom hastens on. Activity among- 
the powers of darkness was never great- 
er than to-day, nor their final destruction 
more sure. Insidiously this foe is un- 
dermining in both church and state ; one 
by one reform denominations give way, 
divide, or float on with the general tide 
of worldliness, but over all God is watch- 
ing, his children are awakening, as prob- 
ably never before, to rescue those within 
reach, and so the work moves on. 

During the year I have been permit- 
ted to address 183 audiences. The num- 
ber of Cynosure subscriptions secured is 
670. The number of calls made, 2,248.. 
The collections, not including moneys 
raised for N. C. A. endowment fund, and 
the holding of State conventions, $284.82. 
Cynosure subscriptions amount to $657. 
Traveling expenses, $356.87. It will be 
observed that there is an increase in the 
number of Cynosure subscriptions se- 
cured over any previous year, while the 
collections for expenses have come 
$72.05 short of the need in that line. I 
find most of the churches where our 
work is welcome loaded with various 
schemes for collections. Owing to the 

June. 1900. 



generosity in the management of the N. 
C. A., I have been enabled to keep going 
without requiring a collection compensa- 
tion in churches where it would seem to 
be a burden. 

In the earlier part of the year I spent 
some time in the Cumberland and Lan- 
caster Valleys. Friends were found in 
the German Baptist Brethren (radical) 
churches of this section, who gladly 
opened their houses of worship for the 
presentation of the message, and helped 
the cause in many ways. Here is an in- 
viting field where there will be opportu- 
nity to do much good in the years to 
come if the Lord delays his coming. At 
the L nited Brethren camp ground near 
Kaufrman. Pa.. I was permitted to pro- 
claim the anti-lodge truth to more than 
2,000 souls. 

I have helped in the holding of con- 
ventions in the cities of Columbus. Ohio ; 
Rochester, X. Y. ; Boston. Mass., and 
Xew Castle. Pa. At all of these gather- 
ings the discussions have been animated 
and very helpful. The attendance was 
especially large at the Boston conven- 
tion. The long-continued personal ef- 
forts of my honored father are winning 
to our favor the more thoughtful in that 
great center of influence and power. We 
may look with great expectation to the 
future there. 

Substantial progress has been made in 
the cities of Pittsburg, Philadelphia and 
Xew York. I have visited these cities 
many times during the year, helping the 
old and enlisting new friends. The local 
organizations formed have helped the 
work but little. Friends appointed to 
lead in the holding of meetings, etc.. 
have been too much occupied with the 
struggle for bread to sdve the time re- 
quired to this work. 

The extra Cynosures and tracts sup- 
plied from headquarters have been dis- 
tributed in theological seminaries, col- 
leges and conventions, where they will 
not fail to do good. A beginning has 
been made in the securing of State en- 
dowment fund to be used in accord with 
the plan set forth in the October number 
of the Christian Cynosure. En route to 
this meeting I received in Ohio a cash 
donation of S50 and notes aggregating 
S85 in aid of this fund. We may expect 
to hear from manv friends who are con- 

templating contributions in the near fu- 

The Cynosure, under the new manage- 
ment, appears to give satisfaction. Many 
comments in its favor have been give:;. 
The number of those who renounce 
lodges for various reasons is on the in- 
crease, and will continue as the light 
shines. Thousands are looking for some 
Moses to lead them from the Egyptian 
darkness into which their lodges have 
brought them. 

Truly, we may look with joy to the fu- 
ture, for when the devastation caused by 
human greed shall have swept over the 
land, there will follow that sweet calm 
that shall usher in the reign of righteous- 
ness, and Christ's claims shall be fully 


Rev. W. T. Meloy, D. D., pastor of the 
U. P. Church, Chicago, was first intro- 

Mr. Meloy referred to the fact of his 
being the oldest pastor in the city, with 
one or two exceptions, and spoke, in 
substance, as follows : 

Convinced of the evils of secrecy when 
a young man. long experience as a pas- 
tor has strengthened his opinion that se- 
cret societies are inimical to the inter- 
ests of Home, Church and State, on ac- 
count of rash vows made, the exclusion 
of the name of Jesus Christ from many 
lodge petitions, and the intimate fellow- 
ship with evil men in secret lodges. 

"What takes a man from his home is 
not necessarily bad. If the object be 
worthy, and the company elevating, the 
man. and the home, might be better for a 
brief separation. ''But.'" said he, "I pity 
a woman, whoever she may be. whose 
husband is sworn to keep secrets from 
her." Xot that a man should always tell 
everything he knows to his wife. Men 
frequently keep things from their wives 
to save them from worry in matters of 
business and perhaps other things. As a 
rule, however, it is wise for a man to 
make a confidant of his wife in all busi- 
ness matters, and in things social, too. 

In relation to the state: "If I were 
to be on trial for my life, or property, or 
for my reputation, I should want to 
know that the judge and members of the 



June, 1900. 

jury were not bound by extra judicial 
oaths. Generally, it is true that the 
more devoted a man is to a secret so- 
ciety the poorer a citizen he becomes." 

Ridiculous and silly. "I was called, 
once, to attend the funeral of a man who 
had at one time been a parishioner of 
mine, and before his death had expressed 
a wish that I should preach his funeral 
sermon. Before the exercises began in 
walked four hundred men with strange 
collars about their necks. 'Ah !' said I 
to myself, 'you have your yokes upon 
your hearts, as well as collars on your 
necks !' The man had joined a secret so- 
ciety after he had left my church, and 
these lodge brothers had come to ex- 
press their sorrow at his funeral, dressed 
in this fantastic garb." 

How to oppose. In regard to over- 
coming the evils of secret societies, some 
think the church should have a testi- 
mony against them, but that it should be 
strongly admonitory and condemnatory 
rather than a law absolutely excluding 
members of such societies from fellow- 
ship with the church. 

The United Presbyterian church has 
a law against secret societies, and yet I 
have had two elders in my church who 
were Masons, if it be true, as Masons 
assert, "Once a Mason, always a Ma- 
sons." One instance I will relate. A 
man whom I knew well and had confi- 
dence in as a Christian, joined the church 
by letter from a sister denomination. Not 
knowing that he was a lodge man, noth- 
ing was said about the matter, as he was 
an intelligent Christian and assented to 
the doctrines of the church. Later he 
was elected to be an officer. At the time 
of his ordination he showed me two let- 
ters, one was from a friend referring to 
his lodge connection and the church rule, 
and questioning his right to maintain 
both relations, and the other was his re- 
ply, in which he said that he had looked 
the matter over, and, after listening to 
the words of his pastor, had decided 
never to enter the lodge again. 

Where men really seemed to be Chris- 
tians, I have never failed to be able to 
convince them of the sin of lodgery. 

secret convention, nor did I leave the 
Masonic, Knights of Pythias and other 
lodges because I had been injured by 
members of the lodge. I have heard men 
complain that lodge brothers had in- 
jured them in their business and in other 
ways, but this is not my case. 

"I went into the lodge a vile sinner, a 
profane, drinking man, but God forgave 
my sins, and I am here because God 
called me out. 

"There were a few professedly Chris- 
tian men in my lodge, and in one secret 
society, to which I belonged, were two- 
ministers ; but, though I was a reckless,, 
wicked man, and there were other mem- 
bers of the same sort, these Christian 
men never kindly warned me of my evil 
course, nor was I ever influenced to 
lead a better life by anything I heard in 
the lodge. 

"The lodge was dominated by worldly 
men, and the lodge worship was mere 
form. Men join generally for financial 
reasons, to get help, or to be screened 
from justice. 

"Immorality is no bar to membership. 

"One member was afraid of me, or did 
not like me, and I was 'black-balled' at 
first, but when this man was away from 
lodge my name was brought up again 
and I was run in. 

"When first converted my eyes were 
not opened to the sins of secrecy. But I 
found that when the prayer-meeting was 
the same evening as the lodge meeting,, 
men went to the lodge instead of the 
prayer-meeting; this troubled me, and 
once, when going through a lodge cere- 
mony we were kneeling down taking 
hold of hands and repeating the Lord's 
Prayer, I found at my right hand a man 
of the vilest character; it seemed a hor- 
rid mockery, and I made up my mind 
that if God would forgive me this time 
I would never enter a secret lodge 

In reply to a question asked, Mr. Ja- 
coby said: "However spiritual a man 
may be when he joins the lodge, if he- 
stays in the lodge he will not be spiritual 

Rev. Wm. S. Jacoby, assistant pastor 
of the Moody Church, followed Mr. 
Melov. He said : "I am not in this anti- 

Bishop Becker, Bishop Dillon, Presi- 
dent Blanchard and others asked ques- 
tions which Mr. Jacoby answered. 

Rev. H. J. Becker, formerly Bishop of 

June, 1900. 



the United Brethren Church, spoke very 
earnestly on the duty and importance of 
faithful labor with, and prayer for, Chris- 
tian brethren who have been deceived 
and led to join secret societies under one 
pretext or another. 

He spoke with evident sorrow of the 
disruption of the U. B. Church on the 
lodge question. He was thoroughly 
convinced that there was no neutral 
ground, that the least concession of the 
church to the secret societies was a com- 
promise with sin ; and he said that many 
whoHvere on the other side were of the 
same opinion. He advocated the dis- 
tribution of anti-secret literature and the 
employment of the best lecturers the N. 
C. A. can send out to present the great 
issues between the church and the lodges 
to the world. 

Rev. J. M. Reilly, of College Springs, 
Iowa, pastor of Free Methodist Church, 
said : The ax is laid to the root of the 
tree, but we must keep the ax moving. 

The secret lodge system is anti-Christ, 
"it denieth that Jesus is the anointed of 

Those who testify against sin are apt 
to underestimate their power and influ- 

"There is no rock like our Rock, our 
enemies themselves being judges." They 
tremble before those who humbly and 
truthfully testify against secret societies. 
"They overcame by the blood of the 
Lamb, and by the word of their testi- 

Rev. John Collins, M. E. Church, from 
Summersworth, N. H., spoke with diffi- 
culty on account of a severe cold, but he 
thrilled the audience with his "testi- 
mony" and his evident joy in the Lord. 

He had enjoyed hearing from these 
brethren who had never been in the 
lodge, but sometimes men would say to 
such men, "You don't know anything 
about it." Well, I do know. I've been 
a Mason, but by the grace of God I am 
not a Mason. I have no sympathy with 
the saying: "Once a Mason, always a 
Mason." It is not true. 

"God called me out and freed me from 
that bond. A Christian has no place, nor 
business in a place, where Christ is re- 
jected and the Bible is garbled. These 

dark orders cannot stand the light of 
God's truth. But turn on the search- 
light and the truth will prevail." 

Mr. Collins referred to tract distribu- 
tion as one important way to help the 
cause of Christ as against the lodge, and 
quoted with great force the words of 
John Wesley, "What an amazing banter 
on mankind is Freemasonry !" 

Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, pastor M. E. 
Church and the president of the National 
Christian Association, spoke briefly and 
earnestly. He said that Masonry makes 
men immoral, and gave ar instance of a 
young man of his acquaintance who 
seemed to be an excellent young man 
and a Christian. Fie was persuaded to 
join the lodge, and soon became dissi- 
pated and in a short time was an utter 
wreck. On his deathbed he said to Mr. 
Swartz : "Masonry has been my ruin. I 
never tasted wine until urged to drink 
by Masons. I never entered a house of 
ill fame until led there after a lodge meet- 
ing by a man old enough to be my 

Mr. Swartz spoke of the Methodist 
Church, in which he is a pastor, deplor- 
ing the fact that its Bishops and many 
pastors are insnared in this evil net. "I 
have been praying that this church, 
which I love with every fibre of my be- 
ing, may get its eyes open to see' that 
the Secret Empire is eating out the life 
and strength of the Christian church." 

He considered that to be president of 
the National Christian Association was a 
greater honor than to be titled with 
double Ds. 

Rev. J. W. Fifield, D. D., pastor of the 
Warren Avenue Congregational Church, 
said in substance : My father was an 
Abolitionist and opposed to secret socie- 
ties, and my mother was not in favor of 
secrecy. I was educated at Wheaton and 
tOberlin Colleges, and took for my wife 
a granddaughter of the venerated Presi- 
dent, Jonathan Blanchard, so I have 
never been connected in any way with 
secret societies nor inclined to favor 
them, and though I recognize the facts 
that there may be a difference in lodges, 
I am convinced that a secret lodge is no 
place for a minister, and as a pastor I 
have never allowed my church to be 



June, 1900. 

used for lodge purposes. At one time I 
was offered quite a sum of money if I 
would address a lodge in my church on 
one of the days which they observe, and, 
though I refused, I believe the lodge 
men respected me for not yielding to 
their request. It costs more than some 
of you may realize to refuse in any way 
to acknowledge or favor these secret or- 
ganizations, though one may not take 
an attitude of open antagonism. 

But I believe the church is the instru- 
ment God has chosen to uplift and bene- 
fit mankind, and I urge men, especially 
ministers, to devote their time, their 
money and their strength to the church. 

Mr. Fifield was followed by Rev. H. 
R. G. Doermann, of Blue Island, pastor 
of an Ohio Synod Lutheran Church, who 
gave reasons for the rule excluding from 
church fellowship persons who, after 
faithful Christian labor, choose to remain 
in the secret lodge. 

Mr. Doermann said : Church work is 
work for God, and the Bible, which is 
the reveletation of his will to us, must 
be followed. 

Men cannot fellowship at two altars. 
The Apostle Paul referred to these very 
things, religious ceremonies invented by 
men and practiced in secret, when he 
said, "Ye cannot drink the cup of the 
Lord and the cup of devils." 

Such oaths as are administered by Ma- 
sons and in some other secret societies 
were expressly forbidden by Christ, ''I 
say unto you swear not at all." 

Secret societies are a bane to the 
church and in their workings detrimen- 
tal to the state. 

But it is objected that the rule keeps 
men from joining the church. Men join 
secret societies for insurance or some of 
the benevolent or at least harmless ob- 
jects which these societies claim to set 
forth ; their wives may be in the church, 
but this rule keeps the men out. 

Only a short time ago I was called to 
council in a case where a new church 
had been built ; there was another church 
in the place, which had no testimony 
against secrecy, and it was thought that 
persons who would naturally come into 
the new and weaker church would be de- 
terred if the law should be enforced. 

Of course the persons were all entire 
strangers to me, but I told them, if you 

are doing the Lord's work be faithful to 
him and he will give success. Though 
the work may seem to progress slower, it 
will be solid ; members that are gained 
by unfaithfulness to Christ's teachings 
and example are no real help in the end. 

Mr. Paul B. Fischer, principal of 
schools at Gray's Lake, 111., being called 
on to speak, said : I can see enough from 
Masonic publications, and from what 
these societies do not attempt to hide, of 
their doings to know that their tendency 
is only evil. 

A Masonic minister said to me that he 
could not see that there was anything 
in Masonry that was wrong or that op- 
posed Christianity, but he afterward ac- 
knowledged that it is destroying the 
church, and that it tends to make .men 
mere moralists, instead of Christians. 

It seems to me that Christians should 
be awake to the evils of secrecy and 
should testify against them. 

Rev. J. A. Mack, superintendent of the 
Chicago Bible Society, in a few words 
expressed his entire sympathy with the 
object of the association, and recom- 
mended as the best remedy for secretism 
to magnify the church of Christ. 

Rev. I. Bennett Trout, who represent- 
ed the German Baptist Church, said: 
"The time has come when every Chris- 
tian should lift his voice against this 
arch enemy of the church." 

The motive for secrecy is selfishness ; 
the mainspring of Christianity is benev- 
olence. The ruling power in the church 
is Christ ; the master spirit in the secret 
lodge is mammon. But, "Ye cannot 
serve God and mammon." Jesus said, 
"He that is not for me is against me, and 
he that gathereth not with me scatter- 
eth." Secrecy is thus directly opposed 
to Christianity. 

The claim which some lodges make to 
benevolence is utterly false. Why, the 
lodge is not as benevolent as a bank. If 
I deposit one hundred dollars in a bank 
and go away and do not enter the bank 
for twenty years, they will pay the money 
back with interest ; but you join a secret 
lodge, pay an initiation fee, and then pay 
dues for twenty years, but, owing to 
sickness, or for any reason cannot pay 

June. 1900. 



at the last, you cannot get one cent back 
of all that has been paid. 

The fellowship of the lodge is not 
Christian. Much is said of fraternal fel- 
lowship. But fellowship feeds on love, 
and there is no Christian love in the 
lodge, nothing but a love of money, 
which is a root of all evil. 

The best way. it seems to me. to dis- 
cuss the subject is from the basic prin- 
ciples of God's Word. Motive fixes the 
moral status of the act. and when you get 
down to the real motive for a secret oath, 
it is selfishness. 

The day of our annual meeting. May 
ioth. was as delightful and perfect as 
was the large bouquet of apple blossoms 
that graced and beautified the hall. 

Ezra A. Cook spoke of the fact that 
men do not have a clear conscience who 
belong to the secret lodge. They may 
say that they expect to go farther, but 
they are never quite satisfied. It is both 
our right and our duty to assume that 
they are not ignorant of the fact that se- 
cretism is wrong in principle and that 
the very best of the secret orders are 
but organized selfishness, while the more 
prominent ones are damnable in both 
doctrine and practice. 

He also spoke of the remarkable 
change in the candor and freedom of 
discussion of the secret society question 
now, as compared with the reverse ten 
to twenty years ago. which is doubtless 
attributable mainly to the overwhelming 
proofs of the correctness in substance, 
at least, of the Masonic and Odd Fel- 
lows' rituals, which proofs, being quo- 
tations from the highest authorities in 
those orders and published with the rit- 
uals, render denials useless- and thus re- 
move the padlocks from the lips of the 


Editor Cynosure : After the close of 
our annual convention in your city. I 
thought of its splendid work and wished 
the spirit of it could be largely distrib- 
uted throughout the country. The Spirit 
of Christ was very manifest in the meet- 
ing. All of the deliberations, resolutions, 
plans of future work, and the review of 
the work of the part of the General Sec- 

retary, exhibited sincere devotion to the 
cause of reform. The addresses of the 
several speakers whom I had the plea- 
sure of hearing were the best I have ever 
heard. Let all the friends of the N. C. A. 
take courage, and let all support by their 
influence and by their money this great 
reform institution of the Lord. 

H. J. Becker. 

The addresses of the annual meeting 
were all fine in thought and spirit. Xot 
a thing being uttered that any true 
Christian or patriot could take exception 
to. The gathering reminded one very 
much of the old anti-slavery days. Revs. 
Tacoby and Collins spoke from experi- 
ence, having been Freemasons for years, 
but having renounced it for Christ's 
sake. Their experiences were impres- 
sive and calculated to keep an honest 
Christian from ever joining the lodge. 
Rev. P. B. Williams. 

Dear Brother Phillips : You ask how 
I enjoyed the annual meeting. Very 
much indeed. It was representative in 
attendance — just what an association 
seeking to help all Christians, in all de- 
nominations, wants. I do not think I 
have attended an annual meeting where 
there were so many churches represent- 
ed. The Spirit was Divine. I am sure 
all the friends who gathered in the N. C. 
A. upper room for council and blessing 
will go out to do more effective work for 
Christ and the church because of this 
pleasant, sweet-spirited gathering. 

W. B. Stoddard. 

Corporate JHcmber 


Broadway. Tenn., May 8. 1900. 

I hasten to send greetings to the dear 
brethren and sisters who will assemble 
at that time. It would afford me great 
pleasure to attend the meeting. The 
memory of former meetings of the N. C. 
A. is still fresh in my memory. 

I would be glad to retain my member- 
ship in the association, for in heart I am 
with you. The principles of the N. C. A. 
are of God ; and what is of Him must ul- 



June, 1900. 

timately prevail. May He hasten the day 
when the followers shall say, as did the 
Master, "In secret have I said nothing." 

S. B. SHAW. 

Revivals in Texas. 

May the blessing of God rest upon and 
abide with all the workers of the Na- 
tional Christian Association, is my 
prayer. So many people are blinded by 
the lodge system. My wife and myself 
have been in Texas nearly three months, 
engaged in evangelistic work. We have 
held successful revival meetings at Gran- 
ville, Denison, Ennis, Waco and Rock- 
hill. A great many have been converted, 
reclaimed and filled with the Koly Spirit, 
and the end is not yet. A number of 
backslidden preachers have been re- 
stored and have given up secular work 
and gone back to preaching. At Ennis 
some gave up tobacco and their secret 
lodges. The proprietor of the only opera 
house in a town of 5,000 people was con- 
verted, and he publicly declared all his 
contracts with the devil were canceled 
and that the place was no longer open 
for the devil's work. We expect to spend 
much of our time this summer in camp- 
meeting work. Those desiring our help 
should write us at once. We are now 
at Rockhill, Texas, and go this week to 
take charge of the Bates camp-meeting. 

Praying for the prosperity of the 
Lord's work everywhere, we remain, 

S. B. Shaw, 
(Home address) 1306 West Montrose 

Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 


Zeeland, Mich., May 3, 1900. 

I had intended to be present at your 
annual convention, but it is not possible 
now. My wish and prayer is that the 
Lord may preside at your meeting. The 
association is doing a good work and 
in the proper method, as far as I can 
judge. I have nothing to criticize about 
the work of the association, and hope its 
work may continually expand and bear 
good fruit. 

Allow me to give some hints with re- 
spect to the future work of the associa- 
tion : 

1. The association needs more co-op- 

eration, financially and otherwise, from 
those churches that oppose the lodges. 
In order to reach this, there must be in 
every one of those testifying churches 
an active and influential representative 
nominated by the church. The work of 
these representative men, I think, should 
be to act as the delegates of the churches 
at the annual meetings of the association, 
and to represent the association at the 
higher ecclesiastical meetings of their 
respective churches ; also to endeavor to 
get subscribers for the Christian Cyno- 
sure ; have regular collections taken by 
the church, secure members for the as- 
sociation and secure suitable places for 
lectures, and agents to sell the publica- 
tions of the association, and to write to 
their denominational papers about secret 

2. Our General Synod will (D. V.) 
meet June 20th, 1900, at Grand Rapids, 
in the Theological School, corner of 
Madison and 5th avenue. I am a dele- 
gate to the said Synod by our Classis, 
and hope to meet there a representative 
of the National Christian Association. 
If the association cannot do this, if de- 
sired, I will bring the interests of the as- 
sociation before said Synod. 


Willimantic, Conn., May 4, 1900. 

I have not time to write anything 
either for the convention or for publica- 
tion, but will, in reply to questions in last 
paragraph of your letter, say my wishes 
are for the success of not only the anti- 
secrecy reform but every effort in the 
interest of Christ's kingdom. 

I have no suggestions to offer nor 
criticisms to make. 

M. M. AMES. 

Menominee, Wis., April 30, 1900. 

Mr. Ames is very low ; a few weeks 
must close his earthly existence, it seems 
now. He is calmly trusting in Jesus, just 
as he always has. 

He understood your letter and told 
me some things he would like to have 
said in reply, but I have neither time 
nor strength to write at present. 

(Mrs.) M. M. Ames. 

June, 1000. 



Columbus, Ohio, April 26, 1900. 
Secret societies are Satan's church, 
•even if they carry the Bible in their pro- 
cessions ! I wish you God's richest 
blessing in the unpopular work you are 
doing for the Master. God is with us. 


Mallet Creek, Ohio, April 25, 1900. 

I read with very much interest the re- 
port of the agents in the field, of their 
hard, earnest, self-denying work, absent 
from home and their loved ones, travel- 
ing in heat and cold, sunshine and storm, 
sometimes entertained comfortably and 
sometimes perhaps not so very comfort- 
ably, but still working on and leaving 
the event with God, and it is encouraging 
to see that their whole hope and trust is 
in God for final success. God bless them 
every one. 

I hope and pray you may have a good 
meeting, that the Lord may be with you 
and aid in your deliberations and plan- 
ning for work the coming year, that 
much good may result from this annual 
meeting, and may God's benediction rest 
upon you all. 


Cedarville, Ohio, April 21, 1900. 
It is not apparent that the cause of 
anti-secrecy is making very much head- 
way against the "hidden works of dark- 
ness," yet our duty is plain, we must 
labor on and God will give complete vic- 
tory in His own time. 


Temperance, Mich., May 8, 1900. 

Am glad to know of the meeting of 
w v the National Christian Association, 

which I have reason to believe will be 
anti-secret from what I know of some of 
its members. I feel that it is largely, if 
not only, through the persistent energies 
of this Association that there is still priv- 
ileged to be a voice lifted up against 
what would be the controller of every 
body and soul. 

The Cynosure grows better and better 

with each succeeding issue. Thank God 
for such stalwart men, who will at the 
cost of their reputation cry aloud against 
this religion of Paganism, but, above all, 
for hi 5 revelation of his utter abhorrence 
of every rival of his Son, in the salvation 
of humanity. I shall pray for your ses- 
sion at 10 o'clock on Thursday morning. 


St. Charles, May 8, 1900. 

I regret very much that I cannot be 
present and share with you in your de- 
liberations and fellowship, and also be a 
partaker in the reproach and offense of 
the cross. 

I am still on the warpath striving 
against all sin and the isms of this peril- 
ous, mercenary and ungodly age. 

Brethren, while I believe in the immi- 
nent personal coming of the "Prince of 
peace," yet there are some hard days' 
work between now and the millennium. 

The words of Wm. Penn are so inspir- 
ing in the conflict: "No pain no -palm, 
no gall no glory, no thorn no throne, no 
cross no crown." Let our motto be "Ex- 
celsior." Yours in the Christian frater- 


Olean, N. Y., May 7, 1900. 

It would afford me much pleasure to 
be present, did years and means permit. 
My heart is in the work as ever, amid 
all the discouragements of satanic pro- 
gress. Just think, in our little city of 
15,000 inhabitants there are constant ac- 
cessions to the army of secretists. Over 
thirty, including a minister, last week 
only, were inducted into the Shriner's 
paradise. Elks, Odd Fellows, etc., are 
increasing rapidly here and everywhere. 
"How long, O Lord, how long !" I can- 
not see what more our Cynosure can do, 
or how much better it can perform its 
work than in the past, only to persevere 
in well doing. But "in God we trust." 
He only can overthrow the works of 

May the Lord bless you and all the 
friends united in the association impart- 
ing wisdom and grace for the occasion. 






Cherokee, Iowa, April 27, 1900. 
My sympathies are with the work of 
the National Christian Association. I 
believe it is of the Lord, and ought to be 
sustained in every way. The one thing 
which, above all others at the present 
time, is crippling the Lord's work, in 
the churches, is the multitudinous secret 
orders which are springing up all around 
us. They are the devil's own children. 
I do not hesitate to say that they are de- 
moralizing, despiritualizing and actually 
deadening to the spiritual life of the 
Christian church. I find wherever I go 
they -are taking the time, the talent, the 
energy, the money, and, worst of all, the 
heart affections of men and women which 
ought to go in another direction. There 
is scarcely a minister in the land but will 
admit it, if he is honest. The cause of 
anti-secrecy is gaining ground. Pulpits 
are being opened. People will listen. I 
recently read a paper before the Congre- 
gational Association to which I belong, 
on this subject, and I have reason to be- 
lieve that it was blessed to the good of 
the hearers. In the name which is above 
every other name, we cannot go back. 
Say unto the Children of Israel that they 
go forward. We must cry aloud and 
spare not. Though justice is perverted, 
though we see the churches handicap- 
ped in their work, though these organi- 
zations may rage, and imagine vain 
things, and set themselves against the 
Lord's anointed, it remains for those 
who believe there is a God in Israel to 
ventilate, and let in the sunlight, . and 
compel the people to think. 
"The powers of hell are strong to-day, 
But Christ shall reign to-morrow." 


Kishwaukee, 111., May 8, 1900. 

I wish to acknowledge the receipt of 
your notification of the annual meeting 
of the association, May 20. 

I think I appreciate the work being 
done by the association and realize in a 
degree, at least, the need of such work 
to stir up the churches and help them to 
stand against the great flood tide of evil 
as related to and associated with the sys- 
tem of secret societies as they exist 

among us. I would delight to be with 
you and renew the association of other 
days, and receive renewed inspiration for 
the work. It is doubtful now about my 
being present. May God's rich grace, 
mercy and peace fill all hearts, and the 
Holy Spirit's power energize each for 
the conflict. 


Butler, Pa., April 26, 1900. 
Let me say that as to the general truth 
which the N. C. A. teaches, that the se- 
cret society system is evil in theory, in 
practice, and in effect, I still hold, and I 
think with increased clearness. In my 
student days, when it was my privilege 
to bow at the family altar of Jonathan 
Blanchard twice daily through a series 
of years, I used to hear from his vener- 
able lips, in reference to the religious 
ceremonies of the lodge and the papacy, 
that they were "invented by men, admin- 
istered by priests, and inhabited by dev- 
ils." This is an awful indictment, but a 
true bill, I believe. 


To the Old Guard of the National' 
Christian Association — Greeting : Shame 
on Christendom that you have to exist. 
and bear the brunt of forlorn hopes, and 
lyddite shells until you fall in the battle ; 
when every member of the body of Christ 
should be in the forefront of this battle 
for the honor of our common Lord. 

"Be thou faithful unto death and I will 
give thee a crown of Life." — Rev. 2 : 10. 
May the Lord bless you all. 


Leaf River, 111., May 7, 1900. 
I would say in behalf of the associa- 
tion that we bid you Godspeed in your 
efforts to overthrow the dark orders ; 
here at Leaf River and the towns about 
us the lodge god is doing his best to get 
the world and the church jumbled to- 
gether, but, thank God, a remnant yet re- 
mains to do battle for the Lord, holiness,, 
home and heaven. We mean to hold on 
to God until the lodge is destroyed. In 
Christ, your brother, C. Bender, 

Pastor U. B. Church in Christ. 

June, 1900. 



I eceto' testimonies 


I have been a member of Good Tem- 
plars, Carpenters' Union, Modern Wood- 
men of America, and Free Masons. I am 
a member of the Scandinavian Baptist 
Church, Kankakee, 111. I am satisfied 
that no Christian man has any right to 
hold membership in any of these secret 
fraternities. "Come out from among 
them and be ye separate" is the only way 
for me to do as Jesus would have me, and 
as he commands me. 

L. P. Nielsen. 

April 5, 1900. 




For human liberty billions of treasures 
have been spent and rivers of blood have 
been shed. For the cause of human lib- 
erty this nation was willing to spend the 
last dollar and give the last man. For 
the cause of human freedom the bones of 
dear ones moulder to-night beneath the 
pale moonlight of a Southern sky. When 
the wild waves sang their sad requiem 
over the dismantled fleet of Spanish 
cruelty and bondage, it was echoed from 
the heights of Santiago by the clash of 
arms and the tumult of battle rushing on 
to victory, in the name of Cuban Liber- 
tv. And when the last of Montejo's 
ships sank beneath the waters of Manilla 
harbor, before the guns of Dewey's fleet, 
it was the breaking of the friars' yoke of 
bondage, in the name of Philippine Lib- 

We call ourselves a nation of freemen. 
Human liberty is extolled above every- 
thing, and Freedom is made a stronger 
term than Christianity. And yet we are 
fast becoming, if not altogether, a nation 
of slaves. Slaves to the rum power, 
slaves to the lodge, slaves to party, fash- 
ion, passion, prejudice and greed; slaves 
to the greed for gold and the thirst for 
power. This nation said to Congress: 

"The canteen must be abolished." Con- 
gress said to the President : "The can- 
teen must be abolished." The rum 
power said no ! And this nation bowed 
to the crack of the rum power's whip. 
Slaves. We boast of a free pulpit, a free 
gospel, a free press, free speech. How 
many are the pulpits that condemn the 
supporters of the rum traffic and the se- 
cret lodge? Where is our boasted free- 
dom? In the beer barrel, in the "cable 
tow," in the secret chambers of darkness, 
in the greed for gain and the thirst for 
power. The lodge binds the pulpit and 
the press — even the religious press. 

"If the Son shall make you free, ye 
shall be free indeed." The Son is the 
nation's rightful king. A nation serves 
or rejects Him in all its departments — 
in civil government, courts, parties, 
churches, schools and elections. The 
party that leaves the Son out is as culpa- 
ble as the Lodge that covertly discards 
Jesus Christ. 

Is the man who stands behind the pui- 
pit with a cable tow around his neck and 
the nether end in the pew, a free man? 
Can he preach a free gospel? If he 
preaches a Christless lodge, he'll feel the 
stretching of the table tow. Or, if he has 
not been blindfolded, "hoodwinked," and 
made to swear that he will "never reveal 
. . . under no less a penalty than that 
of having his throat cut from ear to ear. 
his tongue torn out by the roots and his 
body buried in the rough sands of the 
sea. where the tide ebbs and flows every 
twenty-four hours," then he will have liis 
mouth stopped by some one who has 
been tongue-tied by the secret lodge 
power. No ! Truth and experience teach 
us that the pulpit is not free in this land 
of so-called freedom. The lodge under- 
mines the college by concealing its row- 
dyism, sheltering its rebellion, and hy 
sending out tongue-tied, conscience-sear- 
ed, and moral-blunted young men to 
preach the free and untrammeled gospel 
• of Jesus Christ. 

Freedom is a farce where the lodge 
holds sway. It intimidates the preacher, 
makes cowards of the elders and scat- 
ters the flock. It undermines the court 
by its rival oaths and miscarriage of jus- 
tice, and the church by its rival, mock 
sacraments, religious ceremonies and bap- 
tism. Christian, political and social free- 



June, 1900. 

dom rests on the Truth of the Son of 
God. Schemes of brotherhood and equal- 
ity are visionary unless based on eternal 
Truth. If all were free "from the beg- 
garly elements of the world," there 
would be no strikes, no cut in wages, 
no forty million of profits a year to the 
firm having half that amount of capital, 
no miscarriage of justice in our courts, 
no wars or tumults, no saloon, no prize 
fights or dance halls ; no church disput- 
ings and divisions, nor sect competitions 
or rivalries. 

The church and the lodge are rival in- 
stitutions. As the one increases the 
other decreases. The lodge mother was 
infidelity and its cradle rebellion. The 
lodge was nursed in the lap of Rome and 
readily learned the secret coils and ven- 
omous hiss of the Jesuitical viper. It 
is also a conspiracy against God. Mack- 
ey says, "Its intent is to establish on this 
earth the religion in which all mankind 
agree." That is to put the worship of 
God in the name of Christ on a level 
with the worship of roosters in China, of 
monkeys in Hindoostan, of crocodiles 
and snakes in Egypt and Africa. Mackey 
says again, that "the Ten Command- 
ments are not obligatory upon a Mason." 
And in the 14th degree the candidate 
"takes solemnly consecrated bread and 
drinks wine from a cup ;" this is in imi- 
tation of the Sacrament. But the most 
barefaced assertion and outlandish im- 
position is in what is called "The Ancient 
and Accepted Scottish Rite of 33d de- 
gree." It is French Masonry and Jesuiti- 
cal falsehood. The three degrees of Blue 
Lodge Masonry are English. The so- 
called Scottish Rite was born and reared 
in France. But the lodge will claim 
everything and deny anything, -ike the 
"beast" of which it forms a part. 

I would like to emphasize the connec- 
tion between the Church of Rome and 
Masonry. Though the two beasts g'are 
at each other, betimes, yet they are both 
controlled by the same devil, for the 
same object, and with wonderful results - 
in keeping back the kingdom, in destroy- 
ing personal and Christian liberty, and 
in advancing the Institution of Universal 
Slavery, of body, soul and mind. 

A Masonic lodge has been established 
in Patagonia. 



(In the Masonic Tyler, Sept. 1, 1899.) 
No nobler epitaph can be written of a man 
after his labors are over than to place over 
him the statement that he was an upright 
man and a Mason. To be a Mason is to be a 
member of a fraternity which has no superior 
in the civilized world. A brotherhood .as ex- 
alted as the star and garter and yet which 
has its followers in every clime, land and 
zone, and in every creed, sect or party. 
Whose mission is as righteous as the re- 
ligion of Jesus of Nazareth. 

* * * * 

Masonry has few enemies and many 
friends. Its strength lies in the breadth of 
its freedom from dogma. Demanding of no 
one more than a belief in the sovereignty of 
one God, no matter by what name our brother 
may call him, and that its votaries shall be 

"Of body perfect, honest heart, 
And mind mature in moral art," 
its only enemies are those who make creed 
and dogma weapons of oppression." 

* * * « 

"The altar may have upon it the writings 
of Moses, Confucius, Zoroaster or Mahomet." 

* * * * 

"We overlook the minor ideas of belief." 

Yet Masons will probably claim that 
Masonry is "founded on the Bible" al- 
most as freely and boldly as if the above 
and kindred things had never been writ- 



"Which thing I hate," said he of "the 
sharp sword with two edges," in his mes- 
sage to the angel of the church where 
Satan's seat was in the midst of oriental 
splendor and magnificent pagan cere- 
mony. Even in glorious Pergamos, 
where wealth, learning and the utmost 
refinement of ideal heathenism were in 
full flower, there was a doctrine of the 
Nicolaitans and a thing of hate. 

Modern abominations, however hidden 
under splendor of outward life, culture 
and learning, must be the objects of hate. 
Is Freemasonry one of them? Does Je- 

June, 1900. 



sus hate Freemasonry ? If we could be- 
lieve that he did not we would drop this 


"The Square and Compass," and also 
the "American Tyler" are devoted to 
Freemasonry, and are well-known papers 
of the craft. 

The Square and Compass is authority for 
the following: "Under a charter from Fred- 
erick the Great, all Masonic property— real 
and personal— is exempt from taxes in Prus- 
sia." Yes, and you will be able to write the 
same good news of this country when a Bis- 
marck will come forward to drive Masonry's 
foes from the land, and Masonry herself will 
pull the wool out of her eyes so that she will 
be able to distinguish a Jesuit among the 
workmen about the Temple and expel him.— 
American Tyler. 


It is said Pennsylvania was the only Grand 
jurisdiction that refused to take part in the 
Washington Memorial services. — Masonic 
Freemason, March 24, 1900. 

It may also be said that Pennsylvania 
was the only State for whose Legisla- 
ture, in response to its vote, the Gover- 
nor of Pennsylvania prepared that elab- 
orate State document which continues to 
be a standard vindication of General 
Washington from the persistent asper- 
sions of Freemasons. 


In some jurisdictions the payment of lodge 
dues during the interval between lodge meet- 
ings is not credited by the secretary until the 
next meeting. Should the member thus pay- 
ing fall ill, his prepayment of dues having 
expired, he would be considered "in arrears" 
and not beneficial. This ruling would not 
stand on an appeal to a court of equity, as it 
would be held by that body as having been 
paid to the lodge, a lodge officer having re- 
ceived it, and the member thus fully protect- 
ed. The duties of the officer not being con- 
fined to the limits of the period of the lodge 
meeting, his act would be an official act.— 
The Knight. 

A man who has paid his dues is not in 
arrears ; and it would seem that he ought 
to have all the "charity" he has paid for. 
Still, the rule might seem analogous to 

that of savings banks which do not pay 
interest from the time of deposit, but 
from the beginning of the next quarter. 


It would seem that the powers of evil 
were massing their forces and making a 
general onslaught against our homes, as 
being the citadel of all our hopes ! 

The Christian home is not only a for- 
tress for the defense of our free Chris- 
tian institutions, it is the stronghold 
which commands all the rest. Satan's 
time is short, hence the tremendous ef- 
fort that is being made by the god of 
this world — the "Grand Architect of the 
Universe," as he is known in the lodge — 
or the devil, as he is commonly called, 
to make our homes Christless, well 
knowing that if Christless they must 
soon become hopeless, wretched ! 

The prayer and praise which should 
rise like incense to heaven, morning and 
evening from the family altar, has almost 
ceased in our land. Business the excuse 
if not the reason. 


"To be 'turned down' says the Stand- 
ard after serving faithfully for a year 
'goes against the grain,' but he who is 
true to the principles he has learned and 
taught in Masonry will take his medi- 
cine gracefully and pursue the even tenor 
of his way, looking for recompense or 
reward in the consciousness of duty 
faithfully performed. 

"Now that the elections are over it is 
time to forget the differences that may 
have arisen over the choice of 'officers 
and to work in unison for the upbuilding 
of the lodge. Unfortunately, however, it 
is not in human nature to forget an in- 
jury and the wounds made on election 
night by hasty and inconsiderate breth- 
ren may remain to plague their authors 
and distress the lodge." — Masonic* 


"The times are ripe and rotten — ripe 
for change," and the change has already 
beeun. Secret orders are found in which 


June, 1000. 

the ruder, more obsolete and indecent 
features are in a hopeful degree lacking. 
The introduction of women rapidly has- 
tens the progress of decency. 

Even in Freemasonry itself there is an 
awakening. Old and outworn forms and 
out-of-date rudeness grow obnoxious to 

It begins to be seen, even for that fos- 
silized institution, that excrescences can 
be broken off and polish can be taken 

But rebuilding an old house is not so 
satisfactory as building a new one. What 
is needed is a new structure on the bet- 
ter part of the same foundation. The co- 
operative idea is recognized to some ex- 
tent in nearly all secret orders. It is a 
glimpse of this that constitutes a large 
part of their charm and fascination. Of- 
ten badly wrought out, both when clog- 
ged with secrecy and when open, it is 
still capable of taking practical and wor- 
thy forms. To a great extent co-opera- 
tion has actually adopted them, but the 
unoccupied field of development is still 

It is high time to do more than merely 
antagonize so-called fraternal orders. 
The reform should not be merely de- 
structive ; it should be constructive. 
Business methods that are up to the 
times should take the place of the effete 
and outgrown methods that have drag- 
ged upon co-operation, secret or open, 
like a weight. Assessment insurance of 
the sort commonly found in secret and 
often in open organizations, is a back 
number of remotest date and should be 
decisively abandoned as a hopeless fail- 
ure. Oaths are needless and worse. 
Moonshiny theology and ethics are un- 
necessary, and doctrine of any kind is 
hardly vital to comprehending trade or 
insurance. Buncombe, and twaddle, and 
profanity can be omitted while the busi- 
ness features and well-conducted co-op- 
eration are retained. 

Those who should watch the signs of 
the times ought to seek for the idea un- 
derlying trusts, corporations, insurance, 
democratic government, clubs, societies, 
orders, and the innumerable organiza- 
tions that appear on every hand. 

Combination, organization and co-op- 
eration are working everywhere ; and it 
is not only impossible to oppose them, it 

is undesirable. They are messengers of 

Let us, then, open to them wider 
doors. Let us cast up a highway. Then 
fewer will be lost in the marshes and 
wilderness where secrecy invests all with 
mists and darkness. The true way to 
keep life's travelers out of bad roads, is 
not merely to declaim at street corners 
but to build good roads and make the 
right way a plain one. 


Brethren, do you know that the Masonic 
fraternity constitutes a select class? They 
have to pass certain tests of ability and moral 
worth before they can be admitted into a Ma- 
sonic lodge. 

The above is taken from page 7, of the 
Indian Mason for October, 1897, and 
the extract below is from page 8 of the 
same issue. 

The first is turning the crank to grind 
out an old Masonic organ tune ; the sec- 
ond is attending to facts. 

2. How many Masons take the name of 
God in vain, use profane language in the 
home, on the streets, in the by-ways and 
high-ways, and even in the lodge-room? 

The profanities of the ritual and cere- 
monial might naturally be expected to 
foster the mood of mind expressed in 

The third extract is from page 9. 

3. Brethren, be patient with the intemper- 
ate. Censure is not a remedy. Kind words 
and patient forebearance may win back the 
erring. Reasoning and the exercise of charity 
may remedy all things. Let patience have 
her perfect work. Then, if all these fail, let 
the lodge do its duty by purging its rolls of 
intemperate members. 

Brethren of the Indian Territory, are 
not your lodges going too freely "from 
labor to refreshment," if members ini- 
tiated after the "certain tests" have 
proved them not drunkards, must after- 
ward be expelled? A pale-faced Mason 
has been known to leave the lodge to 
save himself from a drunkard's grave. 
Templar conclaves are carnivals, and the 
public procession of the last but one was 
headed by a great distiller. 

4. Masons should read more Masonic liter- 
ature.— Indian Mason, same issue, page 8. 

Anti-Masons should. The above ex- 

June, 1900. 



tracts provide them a sample of Mason- 
ic periodical literature. 

The oldest lodge in the United States is 
Hiram No. 1, New Haven. It was chartered 
in 1750.— Indian Mason, October, 1897. 

New Haven was settled in 1638 and 
had a church from the first. Yale Col- 
lege was chartered in 1701. Strange that 
the "ancient" institution was so belated 
as to get no charter until one hundred 
and twelve years after the New Haven 
church was founded, and half a century 
after the college was established. Seri- 
ously, however, Yale College was about 
sixteen years old and the New Haven 
church about seventy-nine when the first 
Masonic grand lodge was formed in En- 


A correspondent calls the attention of 
the Cynosure to the words of Jesus re- 
corded in Matt. 12: 31, 32, and reports 
that he has found the passage available in 
preaching against the lodge. % 

In his judgment the main sin of the 
lodge is indicated by "whosoever speak- 
eth a word against the Son of man." He 
regards the lodge as willfully and per- 
sistently rejecting the Holy Spirit's Bib- 
lical testimony to Christ. 

He says : "To my mind this is the 
strongest passage in Scripture against 
the lodges and I have often been sur- 
prised that this passage is not oftener 
quoted. To a theologian this must seem 
the strongest and clearest condemnation 
of the lodge evil." Quoting their charge 
that he cast out demons by Beelzebub, 
Jesus begins a conclusion by saying: 
"But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of 
God." Both Matthew and Mark report 
the argument, which we are not fully re- 
producing here, and Mark adds: "Be- 
cause they said: 'He has an unclean 
spirit.' " 

Our Lord seems to treat this as blas- 
pheming against the Holy Spirit. Care- 
fully translated Mark quotes our Lord in 
verses 28 and 29 of Chapter 3 as follows : 
"Verily I say unto you, all sins will be 
forgiven the sons of men, and the bias-, 
phemers, whatever they blaspheme : but 
whosoever blasphemes against the Holv 

Spirit has no forgiveness forever, but is 
guilty of an eternal sin." 

Of course the forgiveness spoken of is 
not mere overlooking and disregarding, 
but is forgiveness conditioned precisely 
same as forgiveness for any other sin. So 
far from being a license, Christ's words 
set the forgivable sin in a solemn light. 

The unforgiven eternal sin is parallel 
with the forgiven one, so far as its form is 
concerned. Like the other, it consists in 
speech. It is a sin of utterance. One 
can commit rebellion by action ; by ac- 
tion he can also commit sacrilege closely 
analogous to blasphemy ; but he cannot 
blaspheme in the same silence. To blas- 
pheme he must speak. Those to whom 
Christ said this did speak. He said it, as 
Mark explains : "Because they said." 

This the more needs full explication, 
because an attempt to make blasphemy 
equivalent to resistance is not a thing- 
unheard of. It is a profane and daring 
act to wrest the Scriptures and twist a 
Scriptural word out of its meaning.- 
Blaspheme cannot mean resist, and blas- 
phemy cannot happen without speech. 

Now, forgivable or unforgivable, im- 
pious speech is an awful sin. Impiety of 
similar nature and spirit in act as well as 
speech is also sin. It is a solemn and 
perilous thing. Its forgiveness is inex- 
orably conditional. 

If even in spirit lodge practices ap- 
proach this dangerous ground, they fur- 
nish full warrant for grave warning. If 
the lodge ritual or lodge language of any 
kind takes on an impious tone, there is 
reason to raise a note of alarm. To argue 
that direct speech against Jesus, such as 
falls under the definition of blasphemy, 
does not seem to a lodge member to have 
been heard in his lodge, is not, after all, 
to prove that lodge doctrine and practice 
is not in spirit a sin bearing kinship to 
blasphemous speech. 

To call upon God in taking such oaths 
as Masonry gives, if not blasphemous in 
the strict sense of the word, seems yet 
greatly impious. When we consider the 
nature of the obligation to keep criminal 
secrets ; when we reflect that this oath is 
taken on bended knee with the hand on 
the Holy Bible ; when we remember that 
the conspiracy is entered into under bar- 
barous penalty such as no decent man 
should express in words, then it is that 
an appeal to God sounds impious. Bias- 



June, 1900. 

phemy. it may not be, but an awful sin 
of speech it surely appears. 

In practical effect the lodee does speak 
and act against the Son of Man, and if in 
technical accuracy it cannot be accused 
of specific blasphemy, it has little ground 
for congratulation if it thinks it has com- 
mitted instead sacrilege, impiousness in 
word and deed, perversion of divine truth 
and resistance to the divine will. Besides, 
in an atmosphere surcharged with such 
wickedness, who knows at what moment 
may flash out blasphemy undeniable? 

We cannot close without adding a 
word concerning rash speech outside the 
lodge. Irreverence in word or deed, be- 
comes, in the presence of such a text, if 
possible, more impressive. Light and dis- 
orderly conduct in a place of worship ; 
parodies on Scripture language ; allusions 
to a sacred ordinance that are trifling 
and profane, as for example when it rains, 
"We aren't afraid, we are Baptists; 1 ' re- 
marks in a silence circle about a "Quaker 
meeting" or "waiting for the Spirit to 
move ;" these are to be avoided not mere- 
ly as trite, worn out and in poor taste, or 
betraying lack of breeding; they are to 
be considered in a higher light and in 
view of reasons far more solemn. In the 
lodge, impiousness is organized and 
formulated, but outside it is independent 
and voluntary. 

It is not necessary to decide who has 
not been converted, who has not been 
called to preach. We are not obliged to 
explain away a revival. It is not neces- 
sary to carelessly or boldly flout Scrip- 
ture. We are enough in need of cleans- 
ing from secret faults without rushing 
like thoughtless cattle upon presumptu- 
ous sins. 

llje lome anD the fo&ae 


Surely in vain the net is spread in the sight 
of any bird.— Prov. i., 17. 


The commencement of the cold season is 
the time for drawing members in. Many 
people are then seeking a place in which to 
spend part of their long evenings. Such per- 
sons readily take up our temperance work. 

What we want is to carry them on step to 
step to the full benefits our order offers. We 

should unfold to their view the benefits of 
our sick benefit and life insurance depart- 
ments. A great many new members of our 
order lose interest in its work after a time, 
provided we do not show them that it can be- 
made a help to them during their lives, and 
a benefit to their families afterward. 

It is easy to talk up sick benefits and fra- 
ternal insurance. Nine out of ten people firm- 
ly believe in both. The main trouble arises 
from people's hesitation to part with the 
monthly assessment. They usually try put- 
offs on this one point alone. They try to 
make themselves believe they cannot afford 

Practically, then, all we have to teach new 
members is self-denial in order to accept 
benefit certificates.— Royal Templar. 

"Don't be afraid of a little fun in the 
lodge-room. Let the fraternal fires 
burn brightly each meeting night, and 
make the lodge-room ever delightful with 
all those arts that the old enthusiasts so 
perfectly understood." — The Knight. 

Lodge fun is Satan's substitute for 
home joys. 

Lodges Christless, because secret. 
["If any man shall say . . . behold he 
(Chrisf) is in the secret chambers, be- 
lieve it not"], and fashionable society, 
with its endless claims on time and 
purse, draw first the father, then the 
young and gay; then dark training 
schools spring up, "to teach children 
self-control, fortitude, charity, manli- 
ness," pretentious, vain, hollow, and to 
make the desolation complete the moth- 
er is called to sacrifice, 'at the secret al- 
tar of a strange god, her heaven-born 
love and maternal instinct. The Order 
Eastern Star claims "one hundred and 
ninety thousand" members, of whom the 
majority are women. 

Braltminisrn for Children. 

And yet Satan's inventive genius is 
not exhausted nor his malice satisfied. 
In New York City a group of bright 
children are being instructed openly in 
the mystic philosophy of Brahminism 
weekly ; the paper states these children 
of wealthy parents "draw their chairs 
around the handsome, Oriental figure of 
the Swamsi, who sits in the circle wear- 
ing a robe of rich red, and holding in his 
hand an ancient book — the book of 
'good councils.' This book is the source 
of all our fables of animals, or tales, and 
fairy stories." The paper goes on to say 

June, 1900. 



that "never a lesson goes by but that 
some saying or parable of Jesus Christ's, 
or some incident of his life is used to il- 
lustrate a moral lesson or point a prin- 

Thus he 

"decks with all the splendor of the 

A false religion." 

"The children," we are told, "sit in 
rapt attention, eager for every word. 
Woven into the glittering fabric of won- 
der and imagination are all the doc- 
trines of the Vedas — such ideas as rein- 
carnation, karma, etc., mingled with ad- 
vice which will affect their whole lives." 

Thus, while the holy God, by famine 
and pestilence, is wiping out the millions 
of votaries of Brahminism from plague- 
stricken India, the philosophy which has 
cursed that land for thousands of years 
Is being taught in this Christian land, 
and yet men are not afraid! 


Easter Observance. 

In accordance with an established custom 
the several Grand Commanders earnestly rec- 
ommend that the Subordinate Commanderies 
assemble in their respective asylums, or some 
house of public worship, on Sunday, April 15, 
at which time Easter should be appropriately 
observed. If this is impossible, Ascension 
Day, May 24, may be observed in its stead. 
Commanderies are not required to have a 
dispensation to appear in public on either of 
these occasions. 

It is shocking to think of the bodies 
that conduct the Triennial debauch, in 
connection with such a notice as the 


The bearing of a good many persons at 
lodge gatherings would seem to indicate that 
they had left their good manners outside. 

Just why any one, who passes for a gentle- 
man in public should suddenly develop boor- 
ishness the very instant he finds himself in 
the seclusion of a lodge-room is hard to un- 


Many habitues of lodge-rooms show not the 
slightest consideration for the comfort and 

feelings of the more decent and refined mem- 


The man who chews and smokes in the 
lodge-room may be forgiven if his habits are 

***** * 

Any one entering a lodge-room with a half- 
consumed cigar in his mouth may finish 
smoking it, without violating ordinary pro- 
prieties, providing there is time before the 
sound of the gavel is heard announcing the 
formal opening of the lodge; but if the 
smoker is not satisfied and insists on lighting 
another cigar, or, worse still, a foul-smelling 
pipe, and during the entire evening hides be- 
hind a cloud of tobacco smoke, it is hard to 
overlook the offense or justify it in any way. 

The tobacco chewer is scarcely less a nuis- 
ance—some persons think he is worse— but his 
offending is generally within narrow limits 
and is disgusting to the sight only, whereas 
smoking offends the nostrils, dulls the vision 
and fills the lungs with poison. 


The brethren who smoke and chew are not 
the only ones guilty of a breach of good man- 
ners. The aggressive individual who cannot 
speak without losing control of his temper, 
and who finally descends to personalities, is 
a common offender. He is a thorn in the 
flesh of every presiding officer and the sound 
of his rasping voice gives every one cold 

* * * * * * 

The vulgar brother and the profane brother, 
both of whom are in evidence at nearly every 
lodge meeting, are also to be placed in the 
category of offenders against good taste and 
good manners. 


Vulgar stories are almost always destitute 
of genuine humor. Most of them fall flat on 
that account, and even when they are laughed 
at, there is more than a suggestion of ghastli- 
ness in it all. Did any one ever hear real, 
hearty laughter at the close of the recital of 
anything unfit for publication? Cackling is 
what one hears sometimes, but that is not 
laughter, nor does it result from amusement; 
it is rather a forced attempt to smother a 
very natural feeling of disgust that every de- 
cent man feels when he has been forced to 
listen to an indecent story. 

As for profanity, one hears altogether too 
much of it. 

* * * * * * 

The profane, the vulgar and the aggres- 
sively ugly, are very often weak characters, 
with a veneering of bluster that passes for 

* * * * * $ 

It would be far better if they were not mem- 


June, 1900. 

Iters, but since every organization lias a 
greater or less number of members answer- 
ing this description, there should be a con- 
certed effort made to curb them. 

The profane brother and the vulgar 
brother and the cantankerous brother, 
together with the one whose tobacco is 
obnoxious, get the above calling down 
from the Masonic Chronicle ; which, as 
an organ of the craft, is supposed to 
know what an anti-Masonic organ 
might, by some of the uninitiated, be 
supposed not to know. 

We observe that no charge is brought 
against any Eastern Star sister like what 
is alleged against the profane or vulgar 
brother. But then, an Eastern Star is 
not a Masonic lodge, although Masons 
can go into it. 

The picture of the lodge room is 
charming and should fascinate mothers 
who have been dazzled by outside dress 
parades of the order. Or, is fascinate 

the wrong word? 


And What Came of It. 


"O, Uncle John!*' called Ned from 
the sitting room, as he heard his uncle 
open the front door and step into the hall 
to remove his overcoat. "Would you 
come here a minute, please?" "At your 
service !" replied that gentleman, pleas- 
antly, and entering the room he found 
Xed at the table with ink-stained fingers 
and rather perplexed face, studying 
something which he had written on a 
sheet of paper. Uncle John looked over 
his shoulder and began to read, "Consti- 
tution of the Light Bearers, Article I." 
"You see, Uncle," explained Ned, "I 
thought we'd better begin as if we really 
meant business, and don't you think it 
will make the society seem more import- 
ant to the boys if we start out by put- 
ting down in black and white what we 
mean to do?" 

"Quite right," agreed Uncle John, as 
he finished reading the page with a sat- 
isfied smile, for which the special rea- 
son was a clause in the constitution stat- 
ing that members of the society would 
never keep any secrets from their moth- 
ers. After making a few changes the 
paper was pronounced ready for adop- 

tion by the society at its first meeting on 
the next Friday afternoon after school. 
Mrs. Norris had consented to allow Ned 
to invite his little friends to. his own 
home for the meetings, partly because 
she knew what a treat it would be to 
some of them to see and enjoy the hos- 
pitality of a pretty home, and also be- 
cause she wished to watch the working 
of the new plan. 

Ned had told Tommy Giles that he 
might bring his sister Nellie if she want- 
ed to .come with him, so when he went 
home after his interview with Ned and 
found his sister in the kitchen — for that 
was the only room in the house where 
there was a fire — bending over her 
books, he interrupted her with, "Say, 
Nell, d'you want to go to that new so- 
ciety Ned Norris is getting up? He's 
going to let girls in, too." Unlike her 
younger brother Nellie was an indus- 
trious student, and in spite of discour- 
aging and unfavorable conditions, she 
kept alike the spark of ambition in her 
heart to get an education, and she often 
said to herself, as she looked discon- 
tentedly at the unpleasant surroundings 
and scanty furnishings of the place she 
called home, "Never mind, it must be 
different some time ; I do believe teacher 
is right when she says things will come 
if we work and trust God and wait." At 
the moment when Tommy spoke to her 
she was deeply absorbed in solving the 
mysteries of a problem in square root, 
and it took her a moment to turn her 
mind away from that fascinating occu- 
pation to the question which Tommy 
had just proposed. 

"Why, I don't know; what is it?" she 
said, slowly. "O, some kind of a s'cie- 
ty, I dunno 'xactly, the girls can be in 
it and boys, what them big-headed Jun- 
ior Knights won't have around ; they've 
got to have money to run their thing 
with, and uniforms, and Ned says his 
don't' cost nothing, and he'll tell us the 
rest at the meetin' on Friday after 

Nellie saw in this plan an opportunity 
for learning something in a new line, 
and taking another step upward, so she 
answered "Yes ; I'll go to it," and then 
turned again to her book. Her brother 
left the room as his step-mother's voice, 
in no gentle tones, ordered him to "come 

June, 1900. 



along and get to work," and he knew by 
past experience that the best thing to do 
was to go without a word to his cheer- 
less task. 

Ned consulted his sister Sadie about 
his plans and all the spare time of the 
day preceding the one on which the so- 
ciety was to meet was taken up in pre- 
paring for the event, for their enthu- 
siasm rose as the time drew near. 

Sadie and Ned felt as they talked to- 
gether about the children who were 
coming that they wanted to do some- 
thing which would brighten their lives 
and really make them better, for they 
knew a little about the shadows which 
darkened the home life of some of their 
little friends, and their mother, who ad- 
vised and gladly assisted them in all 
their plans, agreed to give a little treat 
at the close of the meeting, and so left 
them free to give their whole attention 
to decorating the room. They decided 
to arrange suitable mottoes around the 
room in frames made of twigs of hem- 
lock and pine from the hills. 

Ned brought the evergreen twigs, and 
while Sadie, with deft fingers, made the 
frames, he cut large letters from gaily- 
colored posters and pasted them on a 
white background. 

The words of Jesus, "I spake openly 
to the world,'' hung right in front of the 
door, and to the right and left of this 
motto were these, "Follow me," and 
"'He that doeth truth cometh to the 

Uncle John was more than pleased at 
the interest they manifested, and the evi- 
dent pleasure which they were already 
enjoying ; he had suggested that, as they 
were to be the opposite of the Junior 
Knights in their methods, it might be a 
good thing to use at least part of their 
time in mental work and so secure a 
more permanent and desirable kind of 
ornament than the showy uniforms of 
the Knights would be. His idea was fa- 
vorably received and Uncle John was in- 
vited to talk to the children at the first 
meeting, and he was assured that there 
would be a place for him on the pro- 
gram as often as he chose to take part. 

A cold winter day, with the sugges- 
tion of a storm in the cloudy sky, did 
not hinder any of those invited from ap- 
pearing at the appointed time on Friday, 

and the warm welcome they received 
from Uncle John, Sadie, Ned and Mrs. 
Norris was quite sufficient to banish for 
the time any wish that they had "stayed 
at home," even on the part of Tommy 
Giles, whose ill-fitting and insufficient 
clothing could do little more than keep 
him from freezing. 

Benny Parks was there with his pale 
cheeks flushed partly by the pleasure 
he was anticipating, and partly by the 
north wind he had faced on the way to 
Ned's home. Roy Lenox came with 
Benny ; he was Benny's chum and near 
neighbor, and worked hard in the Mil- 
ford factory to help his mother keep the 
younger sisters and brother in school. 
Roy was older than Ned, and as he did 
not attend school they had never be- 
come acquainted, but Ned had cordially 
consented to his coming into the society 
when Benny asked permission to bring 
him, and Mrs. Norris had expressed her 
pleasure and satisfaction when she heard 
of it, for she had become interested in 
the family since Mrs. Lenox had done 
sewing for her and proved to be a re- 
fined, Christian woman, who had met 
with severe trials and reverses, but was 
struggling bravely for her children. 

There were several of Sadie's and 
Ned's school friends present, whose par- 
ents had objected to their joining the 
more pretentious secret society for rea- 
sons which the children considered then 
quite insignificant and insufficient, were 
nevertheless decisive. Among these 
were Alfred and Jack Gordon, the min- 
ister's sons, two boys as bright as two 
silver dollars fresh from Uncle Sam's 
mint, and full of fun and mischief on all 
appropriate — and sometimes inappro- 
priate — occasions. 

The children sat around the open fire- 
place and Ned told them in his straight- 
forward, boyish way, of the plan which 
Uncle John had helped him to make for 
the society, and after reading the Con- 
stitution he passed it around, and all the 
children signed their names ; there were 
fifteen of them, and at the urgent and 
rather clamorous request of the children 
Ned's father and mother and Uncle John 
signed their names, too, with the under- 
standing that they should be honorary 
members. Then they elected officers. 
Rov Lenox was chosen for President,. 



June, 1900. 

Nellie Giles for Secretary, and Ralph 
Simmons for Treasurer, and a program 
committee appointed with Ned for chair- 
man. When this business was finished, 
Ned said that Uncle John had promised 
them a talk, an announcement that 
pleased everyone, and even made an at- 
tentive and interested expression take 
the place of the mischievous sparkle in 
Jack Gordon's brown eyes, for he knew 
something of the exhaustless fund of 
stories which seemed to be stowed away 
in Uncle John's memory, as Jack's fath- 
er and Uncle John were old friends, and 
many an evening they spent together. 

As we have seen, Uncle John had an 
ardent love for children. His was no 
weak, sentimental feeling, which yielded 
to their every whim and passion, but a 
strong, manly, yet gentle, Christlike af- 
fection which commanded their respect 
and inspired confidence and made his in- 
tercourse with them always helpful. In 
response to Ned's call for a speech, he 
spoke in a kindly way of the name of 
their society, and said that he hoped 
that each one of them would be really a 
light bearer in the world. He spoke of 
the fact that all sorrow and trouble is a 
result of sin, and that sin always seeks 
concealment and leads to death ; but 
Christ, who only can save from sin, came 
a light into the world and he left us 
word, ''Let your lights be burning." 

He spoke of the necessity of absolute 
sincerity and a frank, open manner of 
dealing with our associates in business, 
at school, or home, if we wish to be truly 
noble and useful, and went on to tell 
"how, after the war, some of the old sol- 
diers wanted to be in a society together, 
so they could meet to talk over old times 
and keep interested in each other. This 
seemed to be a very nice way to keep up 
the friendship which he had enjoyed 
with his former comrades in war, so Un- 
cle John said he went to the first meet- 
ings in his town, ready to do all he could 
to help. They were reading the rules 
for the Grand Army of the Republic, as 
this organization was named, and he 
heard something about promising not to 
tell anyone some secrets they were go- 
ing to have. "What is that for?" he 
asked some one near him. "Oh, it is 
nothing much ; the secrets don't amount 
to d.nvtW*ngr at all !" was the reply. They 

are only signs and passwords such as 
soldiers have to have to keep enemies 
out of the camp. This sounded plausi- 
ble, for he knew that as a soldier it was 
necessary to know the countersign and 
password; but he soon found that to 
have these secrets in time of peace kept 
out many good, faithful comrades who 
had served in the war, but who wished 
to be Christlike ; and, instead of preserv- 
ing friendship, it kept up a temptation 
to return to the evil habits which de- 
stroy men in time of war. 

Sadie Norris then played on the piano, 
while all who could sang that little song, 
which they chose for a parting hymn, 

"Jesus bids us shine 

With a clear, pure light, 
Like a little candle 

Shining in the night. 
In this world of darkness 

We must shine, 
You in your small corner 

And I in mine. 

"Jesus bids us shine 

First of all for him, 
Well he sees and knows it 

If our light be dim. 
He looks down from heaven, 

Sees us shine, 
You in your small corner 

And I in mine. 

"Jesus bids us shine, 

Then, for all around, 
Many kinds of darkness 

In this world are found. 
Sin and want and sorrow, 

We must shine, 
You in your small corner 

And I in mine." 

Just as the singing closed Mrs. Nor- 
ris came in with a surprise in the shape 
of a pyramid of white and golden pop- 
corn balls and red-cheeked apples, which 
disappeared with surprising rapidity, 
and then she helped the children on with 
their wraps, while telling them how glad 
she was that they came, and that she 
hoped they could all come every week, 
a wish which each child was happy to 
fulfill. Tommy Giles went home more 
comfortably than he came, because Mrs. 
Norris had quietly brought out an over- 

June, 1900. 



•coat which Ned had outgrown, and al- 
most before he knew what had happen- 
ed it was on and buttoned, and Tommy 
began to take a different view of life. 
S K. 

(To be continued.) 

§to& mrt €ttte. 

"O, Bridget ! I told you to notice when 
the apples boiled over." "Sure, I did, 
mum. It was a quarter past eleven." — 
Lutheran Observer. 

"What is the single tax, mamma?" "I 
•don't know. Don't you worry about it, 
child. Your papa will find some way to 
get out of paying it." — Chicago Tribune. 

"Do you preach extempore, or do you 
take notes?" "Well, sah, thar was once 
a time when I took notes, but I find it 
safer down in this deestrick to insist on 
habin' de cash down !" 

She — "A married couple should pull 
together like a team of horses." 

He — "Yes, and they probably would if 
like a team of horses they had but one 
tongue between them." — Chicago News. 

®ur S tmtpamm- 


The following from the President's 
message to the Fifty-sixth Congress 
voices the very general conviction of the 
American people in reference to trusts : 

Combinations of capital organized into 
trusts to control the conditions of trade among 
our citizens, to stifle competition, limit pro- 
duction, and determine the prices of products 
used and consumed by the people, are justly 
provoking public discussion, and should early 
claim the attention of the Congress. 

It is universally conceded that combina- 
tions which engross or control the market of 
any particular kind of merchandise or com- 
modity necessary to the general community 
by suppressing natural and ordinary compe- 
tition, whereby prices are unduly enhanced 
to the general consumer, are obnoxious not 

only to the common law, but also to the pub- 
lic welfare. There must be a remedy for the 
evils involved in such organization. If the 
present law can be extended more certainly 
to control or check these monopolies or trusts. 
it should be done without delay. Whatever 
power the Congress possesses over this most 
important subject should be promptly ascer- 
tained and asserted. 

Precisely the same objections hold 
against all combinations that have 
for their object either to depress or en- 
hance the price of labor. There is no 
commodity of such universal importance 
in such continual demand, and when dis- 
posed, so intimately interwoven with hu- 
man well-being, as human labor. A la- 
bor market that is absolutely free — 
where every man enjoys the natural 
right to sell at the highest and buy at 
the lowest obtainable price — will, other 
things being equal, be the healthiest and 
most conduce to human happiness. 

It should be borne in mind that the 
value of labor can never be accurately 
measured in money. Its only real meas- 
ure is its purchasing power. A day's la- 
bor more accurately fixes the value of 
the dollar that buys it than does the dol- 
lar the value of the labor. 

Then, too, the value of labor depends 
not on its duration, but rather on its ef- 
ficiency. An hour's work by a skillful 
mechanic, or a learned lawyer, or sur- 
geon, is of far greater value than many 
hours of unskilled labor. As a general 
rule the price of labor is in an almost di- 
rect ratio to the intelligence and skill of 
the laborers. Abundant supply makes 
labor in China and India cheap, but even 
there skilled labor is dear. It is not be- 
cause of an excess of population that la- 
bor is cheaper in Mexico than in the 
United States, but because it is less in- 
telligent and efficient. Xo other law is 
so equal, and, in the long run. so just 
and beneficent, as the self-regulating law 
of supply and demand. 

It follows, then, that labor unions 
which are simply labor trusts are, like all 
other trusts, not only an interference 
with the rights of the purchaser, but, in 
the final result, with the rights of the 
seller of labor, or any of its products. 
That this is true of trades unions will be 
seen : 

ist. Because they put efficient and rel- 



June, 1900. 

ativcly inefficient labor on a level, and 
thereby discourage energy and skill. 

2d. They diminish the amount of labor 
and consequently the wealth and capac- 
ity to employ laborers. 

3d. They crowd out nonunion laborers 
and deny them the right to sell their la- 
bor in an open market. 

4th. They discourage individualism 
and personal independence. 

Dr. Washington Gladden, in a recent 
article on "The Moral Tendency of Ex- 
isting Industrial Conditions," says, 
"Other phenomena are not encouraging. 
The defects of their qualities belong to 
systems as to men. The large system on 
industry is teaching men to co-operate, 
but is weakening their self-reliance and 
their initiative. They work under or- 
ders better than once they did, but they 
have less power to set themselves to 
work, and less disposition to depend up- 
on themselves. Invention, self-help, are 
less common than once they were among 
this class ; the man out of a job is more 
helpless than a man of fifty years ago. A 
serious moral loss is here, one whose di- 
mensions we are not likely to exagger- 

We may add to Dr. Gladden's indict- 
ment this, that all secret trades unions, 
like other secret societies, are schools of 
exclusiveness, of selfishness, and of dis- 

We quite agree with Mr. McKinley 
that all these trusts should exercise the 
attention of Congress. 


The Trades' Unions' Defense. 


The testimony of a Mrs. Robb, given 
before the Industrial sub-commission, 
now sitting in Chicago, has been of in- 
terest to both sides of the labor question. 

Mrs. Robb testified that while her 
husband was a member of the painters' 
union, for simply repairing a skylight 
he was fined $100, and, because of ina- 
bility to pay the fine, has been made to 
suffer bitter persecution and repeated in- 
dignities from the union. For this slight 
infraction of a union rule, Mr. Robb has 

been placed under the ban of proscrip- 
tion, and, in addition to repeated as- 
saults, the union has made the conditions 
such as to entirely forestall his getting 

Upon this testimony of an injured and 
heart-broken woman, a Mr. Tugwell, 
official spokesman for the Machinists' 
Union, has this to say : 

Mrs. Robb, in her voluntary testimony be- 
fore the industrial subcommission, makes 
some very grave charges against union labor, 
and we as men cannot be ungallant enough 
to think that the lady is anything but sincere 
and truthful in her statements. But I would' 
like to call her attention to one or two points 
which she has evidently overlooked. In the 
first place, when her husband joined the 
union he knew that that body was governed 
by certain rules, and in joining he obligated 
himself to obey those rules. He did this in 
good faith, and as long as he acted in good 
faith he enjoyed all of the benefits enjoyed 
by any other member of his lodge, and proba- 
bly has had a voice in fixing penalties on 
other members who had broken the rules. 
Therefore, when he breaks the rules he must 
expect to suffer the penalties imposed the 
same as any of his brother members. 

"Of course, this is rough upon Mrs. Robb 
and she has our sympathy. So has the wife 
or mother of the soldier who is shot for fall- 
ing asleep while on sentry duty. But their 
tears do not change the (to them) cruel sen- 
tence, for discipline must be maintained. 
Just so in a labor union; our rules must be 
respected, and he who violates them must 
suffer the consequences. Mrs. Robb certain- 
ly has reason to complain,, but she is placing 
the blame on the wrong people. Her husband 
is alone to blame. 

Similar conditions to those revealed in 
Mrs. Robb's testimony could be multi- 
plied many fold in our city. Nor does 
the union attempt to assail its truthful- 

Mr. Tugwell's reply is, we judge, such 
as would be endorsed by the unions gen- 
erally, hence we have to consider Airs. 
Robb's grievance and the unions' justi- 

Let us examine them : 

First, the unions made the conditions 
such that Mr. Robb was obliged to join 
the union, and subscribe to its rules, in 
order to secure work. The nonunion 
man to-day, who accepts a position, does 
so at the peril of his life. 

It will not be denied that any man 
who makes the least pretensions to paint- 


June, 1900. 



ing, and knows the difference between 
a paint-brush and a curry-comb, is im- 
portuned to join the union, that the mo- 
nopoly of labor be complete. It is not a 
matter of controversy that scores of our 
young men are drawn into the unions 
against their consciencious convictions, 
as the only means of securing a share of 

In his extremity Mr. Robb obligated 
himself, as many another has done, to 
obey rules that were obnoxious to him. 

Unions and other organizations must 
have rules for discipline, and it is in the 
-execution of these rules that troubles 
often arise. The unions, in their en- 
deavor to secure obedience to their or- 
ders, often themselves become violators 
of the common laws of our land. If the 
nature of Mr. Robb's offense had been 
such as to make him amenable to law, 
the courts should have been invoked for 
redress, and not a system of proscription, 
boycotting, pommeling and intimidation. 

Nor are our labor unions the only or- 
ganizations in our midst that transcend 
their authority and undertake to usurp 
the functions of the courts and other le- 
gally constituted powers for administer- 
ing justice. 

Mr. Tugwell says : "Of course this is 
rough on Mrs. Robb and she has our 
sympathy ; so has the wife or the mother 
of the soldier who is shot for falling 
asleep while on sentry duty. Just so 
in a labor union. Our rules must be re- 
spected and he who violates them must 
suffer the consequences." Notice, there 
is not one word of censure or hint at 
condemnation of the unions' atrocities 
visited upon Mr. Robb. It is true that 
labor leaders sometimes counsel for- 
bearance, but always as a matter of pol- 
icy and never as a rebuke to wrong- 

There can be but one construction put 
upon Mr. Tugwell's language. It is an 
-assumption that the unions are respon- 
sible to no higher powers, and that they 
have the right to inflict any punishment 
they may elect, even to shooting a viola- 
tor of union rules. "The sleeping sol- 
dier is shot." "Just so," says Mr. Tug- 
well, "in a labor union." Such were the 
principles of the notorious James gang, 
and every brigand and marauder that in- 
fests our land. 

Labor organizations will earn for 
themselves the sympathy and confidence 
of our best citizens, only when they de- 
sist from their lawless practices. 

Employers will find it easier to get on 
with their employes when they them- 
selves renounce their allegiance to those 
societies and corporations which exist 
only in violation of moral ethics, and in 
defiance of common law. The devotees 
to oath-bound secret organizations are 
in large measure responsible for the un- 
happy labor conditions in our city to- 


Chicago, 111., Feb. 9, 1900. 

Ed. Christian Cynosure : As you ask 
for my experience, I am glad to state 
what I know. I have observed the work- 
ings of the various labor unions for 
years, and have never been able to see 
any good results. I have always been a 
friend to the poor and believe the la- 
borer is worthy of his hire. Every one 
who works for a living should have all 
they earn, and it is perfectly right for 
employes to insist on their rights and 
privileges in a lawful and righteous way. 
but this boycotting business and the 
methods employed by trade unions are 
demoralizing and result in much harm to 
all concerned. 

A number of years ago, while I lived 
in Grand Rapids, Mich., there was a big 
strike among the street car employes, 
and they were idle for some time, and' the 
public had to suffer inconvenience by 
not having car service. The street car 
companies employed nonunion men, and 
it resulted in a riot. Several shots were 
fired, but I think no one was killed. 
Some of the strikers were reduced al- 
most to starvation before they found em- 
ployment, and some were afraid to go to 
work for fear of persecution by the un- 

Several years ago. while engaged in 
evangelistic work in Pennsylvania" where 
a great many thousand miners were on a 
strike, we witnessed many horrible 
sights. While the mines were closed the 
saloons flourished, and at every place we 
visited we found the saloons" crowded 
and a drunken crowd around almost ev- 
ery saloon. At Uniontown, Pa., where 



June. 1900. 

we attended a camp-meeting, we visited 
a settlement of strikers with their fami- 
lies living all along the roadside near the 
city, without a sign of a house and very 
few tents. Many of them lived outdoors 
and helpless women and children were 
left to suffer until the citizens of the 
town were compelled to circulate a sub- 
scription paper to raise money to keep 
them from perishing from cold and hun- 
ger. Nonunion men were employed to 
work in the mines, but they were so per- 
secuted and so much violence done to 
t[ieir persons that they were compelled 
to cease work. Many were killed. 

When we moved to this city we put in 
a bookbindery occupying two floors, 
40x48, at 74 West Lake street, and em- 
ployed twelve to fifteen hands, had scrip- 
tural mottoes all around, and conducted 
a noon-day prayer-meeting on my own 
time — meeting would commence as soon 
as the whistle blew. We tried our best 
to conduct our business to the glory of 
God and in harmony with the golden 
rule, but found considerable opposition. 
A number of business men here in the 
city and some publishers said that if we 
intended to run our business on that 
plan it would end in a failure, and that 
we would be looked upon as fanatic. It 
was known that I was opposed to unions 
and I soon felt the opposition from them 
and from union men. During the strike 
my foreman was afraid to go home nights 
for fear of an attack from strikers. Some 
were hurt during the rabble in the city, 
and several men followed a drayman 
bringing work from a union bookbind- 
erv to my place. My bookkeeper was an 
eve witness to the affair, and said they 
spent over an hour getting the forms out 
of the building and away from the strik- 
ers. They had hard work to get away 
and deliver the forms to our place. 

This is only a sample of what occurs 
in almost every city where boycotting is 
indulged in. Employes have a right to 
quit work unless they can receive rea- 
sonable remuneration for their labor, but 
they have no right to oppose others, or 
use violence in any way. 

Some time ago a man came to my of- 
fice representing a publishers' union, and 
tried to make me believe that it would 
be for my interest to join the union, as 
he said that all who were outside of the 

•union would be opposed and boycotted,, 
and if I wished my business to prosper 
I should be in the union. We looked at 
the man for a moment and then said: "I 
am in business not for the sake of the 
money I make, but for the good I can 
do. Most of my agents are Christians r 
many of them ministers of the gospel. I 
am a nonunion man. I believe that the 
way these unions are conducted is 
unscriptural and in opposition to 
the golden rule ; they are cradled in 
selfishness ; and because my views differ 
from yours and your organizations, yon 
are opposing my efforts to spread the 
gospel and you cripple my business." As 
soon as he learned our opposition, he 
was anxious to get away. 

If one-half of the money spent to 
maintain these secret organizations and 
other monopolies were spent to provide 
for the families of unemployed men, and 
the time that is spent attending their 
meetings were spent in some honest la- 
bor, it would be better for all concerned. 

Praying for your prosperity in the 
Lord's work, we remain, yours in Chris- 
tian love, S. B. Shaw. 

Mtw of ®ur Pori 


Dear Cynosure : 

I am glad to be able to report that our 
church is taking up arms against secrecy 
all along the line. During Easter vaca- 
tion I have delivered twelve lectures. 

Sunday evening, April 8th, I spoke 
to an audience of some 400 or more, at 
Dawson, Minn. Our minister there,, 
Rev. A. O. Aasen, had started the ball 
rolling by delivering a lecture against 
secrecy some six weeks before. After 
my lecture several questions were asked 
and short speeches made in favor of the 
lodge, mainly by Senator Halvorsen. He 
made one assertion which I am sure he 
regretted. In defending the stability of 
the insurance feature of the A. O. U. W. 
he said : "Well, I am quite sure the or- 
der will stand as long as I live, and that 
is really all I care for anyhow/' The 
statement was true, of course, and is the 
one thing that keeps the lodge up a& 


June, 1900. 



long as possible. Those who are in do 
all in their power to get young men to 
join in order to keep the show up until 
they get their money. That these young 
men are cheated out of their money in- 
vesting it in an institution where they 
are very unsafe, to use a mild expres- 
sion, does not trouble the conscience of 
the members. 

Rev. Aason made some telling remarks 
against the lodges and their practices. 

At Hitterdal, Rev. Bothne had held a 
meeting shortly before I was there, April 
■10, and had succeeded in getting one of 
his members to withdraw from the 
Woodmen and others had promised to 
follow. He hoped to be able to disin- 
tegrate the camp at that place. In the 
afternoon I spoke in another of his con- 
gregations, about eleven miles out of 

April 1 1 we had a well-attended meet- 
ing in the hall at Twin Valley, Revs. 
Vaaler and Clausen's congregation. Not 
a word was uttered in defense of Wood- 
craft, although the V. C. and other lodge 
members were present at Gary, Minn. 
Rev. Lien has waged a successful war 
against the Woodmen. They have final- 
ly succceeded in organizing a camp, but 
had to go some eight miles out in the 
country to get enough members. Both 
at this place and Twin Valley Rev. Lee 
had spoken some time ago, so the field 
was pretty well worked up. We had a 
packed house of attentive listeners and 
no voice raised in defense of the lodge. 

April 13 I was at Shevlin, Minn., Rev. 
Oppegaard's congregation. The people 
here are lodge members almost exclu- 
sively. Some twenty or thirty lodge 
members were present and it became 
rather warm for some of them, and they 
left the hall. No opposition. 

April 14 I spoke at Langby, Rev. Nes- 
seth, pastor. , Not a large, but very at- 
tentive audience. 

Monday evening, April 15, we had 
a large and very enthusiastic meeting 
at Fosston, Minn. Rev. Salter, pastor, 
The church was crowded and a large 
number of lodge brethren were there, but 
not a word in defense of secrecy. 

Tuesday the pastor and I drove out 
to another congregation, some thirteen 
miles in the country, returning about 5 
o'clock p. m. We then found Rev. Reis- 

hus waiting and we soon started out for 
Mcintosh, some nine miles distant, where 
I spoke again in the evening to a fair- 
sized audience. 

April 18, Rev. Reishus and myself 
drove to Erskine, where we had the 
church full in the evening. I showed the 
ritual I carried with me to a lodge mem- 
ber and he said it was authentic. Some 
minor questions were asked, but none of 

Thursday afternon Rev. Reishus had 
arranged a meeting in Mentor, where I 
spoke in the afternoon at 1 130, so as to^ 
be able to take the train for home, as I 
had to be back to the seminary Friday 

At every meeting I disposed of con- 
siderable lodge literature, such as rituals 
and anti-secrecy tracts. 

Our summer vacation begins May 
18th, and then I expect to deliver some 
more lectures. S. A. SCARVIE. 

Hamlin, Minn., April 19, 1900. 

Kansas City, Mo. 

By persistent effort we managed to get 
a notice of our convention in four of the 
leading dailies of the city. And when 
the convention came off there was at least 
one reporter visited us every session, and 
took liberal notes, but they were reduced 
almost to nothing and sometimes 
changed to falsehood by the managers. 

On the fourth Sabbath of March I 
preached in the Tabernacle Congrega- 
tional Church. Rev. Jas. P. O'Brien, 
pastor. This brother has lately joined 
the Odd Fellows. We had several most 
interesting talks with him. He finally 
took a place on our program for the con- 
vention, and we shall see when we read 
that point how it came out. The lodges 
are working hard in his neighborhood 
to get him and all his people into their 
folds. He had talked freely of my com- 
ing, and many of his lodge members 
were conspicuous by their absence. But 
we had a good congregation, most of 
whom were young people, who gave us 
a good hearing. Young and old came 
forward to thank us and were glad to 
know that the Lord had so many faith- 
ful ones among them. 

The Monday afternoon following: this 



June, 1900. 

brought the convention. The true and 
tried were there ; Rev. S. R. Wallace, 
of Holton, Kan. ; Dr. McClurkin, of To- 
peka, Kan., and Bro. J. F. Baird, of Blue 
Springs, Mo., were among those from a 

The convention was held in the First 
U. P. Church, Kansas City, Mo. We 
met at 2 p. m., March 26th. W T e spent 
forty-five minutes in devotional exer- 
cises. The pastor, Rev. J. F. Ross, gave 
us a hearty welcome. He emphasized 
the folly and danger of the lodge and the 
fact that we can only be made one in 
Christ. The N. C. A. agent responded. 
He explained why he made so much of 
"One Brotherhood in Christ." Lodge 
men ask us what we have to give them 
when they forsake their lodges? We 
can offer them nothing short of brother 
with men in Christ Jesus. When we 
teach the principles of true brotherhood 
in Christ the evils of all unscriptural and 
worldly brotherhoods are most evident 
by the contrast. We sail under no false 
colors when we talk of "One Brother- 
hood in Christ,'" for the most terrible 
thing about lodges is their Christless 
character. It is not sufficient in this work 
to simply fight lodges ; we must show 
the better, the only right way. Mr. M. 
N. Butler then delivered his address on 
Masonic government. He showed from 
the highest lodge authorities : (1.) That 
the government of Masonry determines 
its character. (2.) There is not one re- 
publican principle in Masonry. (3.) The 
Mason absolutely and forever surren- 
ders his will. (4.) The power of the 
master of the lodge is unlimited. The 
other members are slaves, for where 
there are no slaves there can be no mas- 
ter. (5.) The master of the lodge is only 
responsible to the Grand Lodge, which is 
absolutely supreme. (6.) The unpar- 
donable crime of a Mason is contumacy. 
(7.) Masonry is responsible to no power 
but itself. (8.) Masonry must have an 
oath, and this oath is irrevocable, and 
the oaths become more binding as he ad- 
vances in the degrees. (9.) The Mason 
is a willing slave, and the willing slave 
is the worst and most dangerous. (10.) 
No power on earth, either in church or 
state can release the Mason from his 
oath, (ii.) The true Mason knows no 
government and no religion but Ma- 

sonry. (12.) In our late civil war Ma- 
sons revered the laws of Masonry as su- 
perior to the laws of the United States 
government, and never knowingly 
harmed a rebel Mason, and' when the 
war was over they received them to their 
bosoms and honored them. These state- 
ments were proved by quotations from 
Webb, Sickels, Robert Morris, Pierson, 
Macoy, Mackey, Chase, Oliver (Iowa, 
Missouri and Texas Grand Lodge Re- 
ports) and Rebold. Albert Pike, the 
man that led 5,000 Indians to the scalp- 
ing of Union soldiers, was made master 
of the Grand Lodge of the United States 
after the war. 

In the discussion that followed this 
address a Mrs. Norris said she had re- 
solved to devote the rest of her life and 
means to the saving of people from this 
great system of idolatry, rebellion and 

The first address of Monday evening 
was by Rev. A. C. Amundsen. He told 
how he had been deceived into the lodge, 
and the conflict and victory. He said 
the danger of the age is silence with re- 
gard to evil. We must speak out. It is 
dishonorable not to do so. God would 
hold us responsible, and He is able to 
take care of us. 

He was followed by Rev. James P. 
O'Brien. This is our brother Odd Fel- 
low. He admitted that we were teach- 
ing the truths which would prevail in 
millenium times — that the glory of God 
was the only thing worth living for, and 
that it was our highest interest to do the 
will of the Father ; but as the millenium 
was not here, as there was a difference 
between the sacred and secular, the Sab- 
bath and week-day service, the lodge 
might have a useful sphere in our day, 
such as insurance and other worldly 
needs. These the church could not at- 
tend to without diverting the efforts of 
her best men from needed spiritual work, 
lessening the revenues of the church, fill- 
ing the church with hypocrites and caus- 
ing her to neglect the needy and suffer- 
ing of the world. There was a sphere 
for the church and there was a sphere 
for the state, and until the state was 
Christianized the lodge seemed a neces- 
sity. He was not there to defend or op- 
pose the lodge, but to gain light. 

The first to reply was Rev. S. R. W r al- 


June, 1900. 



lace, who had known the brother when 
in St. Louis. He had spoken against 
the lodge. He showed the force of the 
charity and insurance of the lodge, and 
how in Syracuse, N. Y., the church had 
to help suffering lodge men while not a 
single church member came to want. 
We can only glorify God through Jesus 
Christ. The minister upholding the lodge 
was the saddest thought of his heart. 
Rev. J. A. Shaw followed in the same 
line, showing that in worldly care the 
lodge was a failure, M. N. Butler told of 
the Odd Fellows' drunk in Fort Scott, 
Kan., where they brought in 200 kegs of 
beer in violation of the laws of the state. 
Bro. O'Brien was allowed to reply. He 
said he hadn't solved the problem ; he 
would do away with the secrecy of the 
lodge and correct its evils, but he felt 
that the brethren had not fully answered 

On Tuesday morning your agent 
spoke on the subject, "The Religion of 
Lodge a Vast System of Idolatry." 
When Christ is left out of anything, es- 
pecially religion, it becomes idolatrous. 
It was shown from lodge works that the 
religion of Masonry dominated the 
whole lodge system. This religion, as 
taught by Mackey, is pure theism, idol- 
atry. Grosh teaches the same with re- 
gard to Odd Fellowship, and even the 
Modern Woodmen teach no religious 
idea that would offend even an atheist. 
Thus while we are sending missionaries 
to convert the heathen from the worship 
of idols, Christians, by joining the lodge, 
are building up a vast system of idolatry 
in our own land, and doing it in the 
name of love, truth and fidelity. 

Rev. D. W. Sleeth, the writer of one 
of the prize essays on "Secrecy and Citi- 
zenship," was with us and spoke in con- 
firmation of the above thought. 

Butler reviewed the false report in the 
Daily Journal, that he had abused the 
lodge, when he had only quoted their 
own works. 

James Hutcheson said: "Christ's king- 
dom must come, and Christ as a king 
would put down this idolatry." 

Mrs. Norris said : "There is no 
greater cruelty than for ministers to join 
the lodge, and thereby lead men to trust 
for their salvation to this idolatry. Rev. 
J. F. Ross said : "This is the important 

matter in connection with lodgery. It 
is the rival of the church. The lodge 
minister was 'running without being 
sent.' Criticism of the church came with 
poor grace from lodge men who with- 
held their support from the church." 
Sleeth said: "No one has a right to 
either give or receive a secret ; secret 
things belong to God." 

The first thing on Tuesday afternoon 
was the report of the committee on reso- 
lutions. The chairman, Rev. D. M. Mc- 
Clellan, reported, and the resolutions 
were adopted as follows : 

Whereas, The Bible has been given us by 
God as our unerring guide; and, whereas, we 
believe that organized secretism is contrary 
to the genius and explicit teachings of the 
Bible, and 

Whereas, Experience has proved that se- 
cretism is detrimental to spiritual develop- 
ment and an obstacle to many entering on a 
Christian life; therefore, 

Resolved (1), That Christians ought to hold 
themselves aloof from these organizations, 
which are so detrimental to their spiritual in- 

(2) That Christians ought to investigate 
the principles, methods, practices and influ- 
ences of secret orders, and test them by the 
standard of God's Word. 

(3) That the only true, world-wide basis of 
brotherhood is Christ. 

(4) That wise and energetic effort ought to 
be made to awaken the public mind to the 
evils of secretism. 

(5) That we approve of the work of the 
National Christian Association in keeping the 
truth with regard to organized secrecy be- 
fore the people. 

These resolutions called out earnest 
and interesting discussion. The point 
was especially emphasized, that there 
was little effort put forth to-day to en- 
lighten the public mind, and if it were 
not for the N. C. A. possibly not a voice 
would be raised against this evil. Your 
agent testified from experience that, 
while fully two-thirds of the ministry 
were opposed to this evil, yet scarcely 
one in a hundred would speak against 
it either publicly or privately, so thor- 
oughly did the lodge enforce the gag 

During the discussion a poor, con- 
science-stricken M. E. minister arose 
and wanted to know how many of us 
had been in lodges and knew anything 
about them ? But as the discussion ad- 



June. 1900. 

vanced he seemed to gain a little light 
and rose to say that he had no defense 
for any lodge but the Odd Fellows. 
Then good Brother Ross took him aside 
and instructed him in the way of God 
more perfectly, and he went home to 
think, and was back in the evening to 
listen but not to speak. 

Brother O'Brien was also present dur- 
ing the discussion, but took no part, but 
at the close he said to me before a re- 
porter that there was no Christ in lodge 
religion and he had no use for it, and he 
was almost persuaded that there was 
nothing in their charity or insurance. 
When this was reported to the conven- 
tion it caused ereat joy. 

Rev. J. W. Buckner delivered an ad- 
dress showing how the lodge tolerated 
and defended crime; how it exalted it- 
self above the word of God, and how it 
had sent deceitful, oily tongued men in- 
to the United Brethren Church to de- 
stroy it, even as it is destroyed this day. 
Sickness had prevented Dr. Coulter from 
being with us, but his place was ably 
filled by M. N. Butler. He showed that 
Everything about the lodges could be 
known from the outside except the 
phraseology of their unwritten work, 
and this amounted to nothing, as it al- 
ways meant the same, however it was 
expressed. He spoke also of their sacri- 
legious baptisms. 

In the evening we had a grand open- 
ing of song and prayer, but we were 
again disappointed by the severe sick- 
ness of Dr. Stephen A. Northrop, and 
the non-appearance of Miss Stella F. 
Jenkins. Brother Butler and myself did 
the best we could, and were listened to 
attentively, as we attempted to show 
what Christ had done to lift womanhood, 
while the lodge only dragged her down. 
We spoke of God's, institutions of the 
family, the church and the state as per- 
fect, as He had ordained them. They 
could not be improved or added to. That 
the lodge was the enemy of them all. 
That if it took upon it their prerogatives 
and rights it was a base usurper, to be 
destroyed by God, whom it defied. If it 
offered us anything not contained in 
these institutions it could only be a 
curse to us. We send you herewith some 
clippings from the reports in the papers. 
You will see how unfair they are. We 

tried to get them to change and tell the 
authorities we quoted from, but they 
didn't dare do it. The Dr. George whom 
they quote, is a minister who has been 
examined as to his character by a com- 
mittee of the ministerial alliance of the 
city and pronounced a most unworthy 
minister. He is preaching in an inde- 
pendent church, as no body would tol- 
erate him. Brother Butler will keep 
after these papers until they tell the truth 
or suffer for it. The fact is, there was not 
a bitter word spoken, or a charge made 
that was not proved bv lodge works. 
(Rev.) J. R. Wvlie, 
Field Agent N. C. A. 


Since my last report I have spoken at 
Beaver Falls, Pa. ; Ouincy, Ohio ; Hunt- 
ington and Mt. Etna, Ind. ; Fenton, Hills- 
dale, Van Orin, Adaline, Leaf River, 
Wyanet, Morris and Knoxviile, in Illi- 
nois, making twenty-seven addresses in 
the month of March. 

Some places gave me large audiences. 
Some not so large. The interest was 
good at most of the lectures and ser- 

My collections and receipts for Cyno- 
sures in the month of March exceeded 
my expenses by $33.60. I secured twen- 
ty-three annual .subscribers for the Cyno- 

I would be pleased to mention all the 
special favors shown me during the 
month if there was space in the columns 
of the Cynosure for me to do so. 

On Monday night, April 2, I spoke to 
a good audience in Dr. Trumble's church, 
Morning Sun, Iowa, and received the 
best collection I have received anywhere 
since I came East. Many thanks to the 
Doctor and his dear people. 

P. B. Williams. 

April 14, 1900. 

The Island of Hong Kong, in the bay 
of Canton, China, has now fifteen Eng- 
lish Masonic bodies. 

The Grand Lodge of Missouri is the 
mother of the Grand Lodges of Illinois, 
Iowa, Wisconsin, Oregon, Kansas, Ne- 
braska, New Mexico and L T tah. 

June, 1900. 



JJote from tdefo^e* ferospaperaanaBeform. 



A writer in the Tyler says among other 
things : 

"The craft would escape some odium 
and a vast deal of error and confusion if 
Masonic authors and orators would leave 
off romancing and tell us what they mean 
by Masonry." 

"A devotee of the Craft sets about writ- 
ing a history of Freemasonry, and loses 
his text in the first sentence, and pro- 
ceeds to write a history of the philosophy 
of truth and justice, love and charity." 

"Christian and Jew, Buddhist and 
Moslem, while adhering to their own 
faith and exercising their several relig- 
ious rites, may still join the right hand 
-of fellowship at our altar, and teach and 
practice our incomparable system of 
moral philosophy." 

"Freemasonry is altogether a human 
institution wrought out and perfected by 

"There is no truth in the statement 
that Masonry is the true religion." 

"No doubt the first step (in the change 
from operative to speculative Masonry) 
was opening the doors to the priesthood, 
and then receiving others who were not 
handicraftsmen into the lodges. When 
great nobles, kings and princes began to 
esteem it an honor to be admitted into 
the mysteries, there came a train of idle 
followers of every condition, who were 
no more valuable than some who seek to 
enter now." 

In Carlsbad, Germany, the place of 
meeting of the Masonic lodge is kept se- 
cret from the general public. 

The Orient of Illinois, Valley of Chi- 
cago, Preceptory of the A. A. S. R., is- 
sues a memorial sheet containing the 
names and date of death of sixteen mem- 
bers of that body. 

"The Pope sent the Golden Rose to 
Bomba, King of Naples, and in less than 
three months he lost his crown and king- 
dom. He sent his blessing to Francis 
Joseph, Emperor of Austria, and in less 
than twelve months he was defeated at 
Sadowa and lost his Venetian domin- 

"He sent it rhen to Queen Isabella of 
Spain, and in a short time she lost both 
crown and dominions. He next sent it 
to Louis Napoleon, or rather to the Em- 
press Eugenie, which is more remarkable 
still, as she called the war with Germany 
her war. In less than twelve months 
France was defeated by Protestant Ger- 
many and the Emperor had to flee to 
Protestant England for shelter, where he 
died in exile ; the Prince Imperial fell 
by the hands of the Zulus, and the Papal 
favorite alone is left to mourn the extinc- 
tion of that once proud dynasty. 

"Mrs. W. T. Sherman got the Golden 
Rose as a special mark for her service to 
the church. She died soon after. The 
Pope cursed Italy as he had cursed Eng- 
land, and excommunicated King Hum- 
bert for taking the Papal dominions and 
making Rome the capital of the king- 
dom. Since then she has risen from be- 
ing a cipher among the nations to be a 
voice and a power in the councils of 
Europe. He cursed Germany, and she 
became the greatest power on the con- 
tinent. The Pope blessed the French 
showman, Boulanger, and in less than 
two weeks he had to flee to Germany for 
refuge, and now fills 'a suicide's grave. 
The Princess of Brazil, when near her 
accouchment. requested the interposition 
of the Pope and his blessing on her child. 
She received it and the child was born de- 
formed. Maximilian was killed three 
years after being blessed by the Pope as 
Emperor of Mexico, and his wife became 
insane after going to Rome and receiv- 
ing the benediction. The Pope neglect- 
ed some official business in order to give 
his special blessing to an English steam- 
er laden witli Sisters of Charity for South 
America, in 1870, and it never reached 



June. 1900. 

its destination. Every soul on board per- 
ished. The Empress of Brazil was 
blessed but once. She broke her leg 
three days afterward. It may be remem- 
bered that the floating palace delayed its 
starting from [Montevideo to Buenos 
Ayres until it received the assurance of 
safety in the Papal blessing. It then 
raised its anchor, sailed out to sea and 
went down in two days. 

"The Order of Christ was conferred 
by the Pope on Dr. Windthorst, his great 
champion in Germany. He died in less 
than a year. 

"August, 1895, the Archbishop of 
Damascus, in addressing the Spanish 
troops at Victoria, when about to start 
for Cuba, declared that the Pope, like a 
new Closes, had raised his hands to 
heaven and prayed for victory. We 
know the result. The Spanish arms, the 
Queen Regent and the King have had 
his blessings many times. On the last 
occasion it was at the commencement of 
the Spanish-American war, and the re- 
sult was that Spain was miserably de- 
feated, her navies sunk, her foreign pos- 
sessions dropped from her grasp and the 
once proud leading state of Europe sank 
into insignificance ; the remnants of her 
troops returned home ragged, miserable 
and sick. 

''The Grand Bazaar de Charite in Paris, 
on [May 4, 1897, had the Papal nuncio to 
deliver the benediction. It was scarcely 
five minutes afterwards when the build- 
ing was in flames and nearly 150 of the 
society ladies of Paris lost their lives. 

"The last Empress of Austria was the 
recipient of the Golden Rose, accom- 
panied by Leo's blessing. That did not 
protect her from the dagger of the as- 
sassin." — Exchange. 


Pekin, Feb. 17. — The Empress Dow t - 
ager has issued an imperial edict com- 
manding Li Hung Chang to desecrate 
by destruction the tombs of the ances- 
tors of the leader of the Chinese reform 
party, Kang Yu Wei, and authorized Li 
to offer a reward of 850,000 for the body 
of Kang dead or alive. 

Kang, despite British protection, fear- 
ed that Li might succeed by cunning and 
concessions in inducing the British to 

give him up, and so he disappeared from 
Hong Kong a month ago. It is believed 
that he made his way in disguise to Singa- 
pore, where he will be comparatively 
safe, for the reform party is very strong- 
in that city and able to defy the machina- 
tions of the hired assassins of the "Box- 
ers," the great Chinese secret society. 

A band of "Boxers" followed Kang all 
around the world and tried several times 
to assassinate him, once in San Francis- 
co. Kang appears to bear a charmed life,, 
and he has spies in the palace here, who 
keep him informed of the plots against 


The following description of a book of 
daily readings for schools is taken from 
the second volume of the latest Report of 
the United States Commissioner of Edu- 
cation, Hon. Wm. T. Harris, pages 


The need of appropriate selections 
from the Bible to be read in schools is 
obvious. Generally the choice rests with 
the teacher who would undoubtedly, in 
many instances, be glad to have the as- 
sistance of a book of selections that 
would economize time and effort. It 
might be possible also, by means of judi- 
cious selections, to meet the conflicting" 
notions that sometimes result in the total 
elimination of the Bible from schools. 

At the instigation of Prof. David 
Swing, of Chicago, the' Woman's Educa- 
tional Union undertook to secure the 
preparation of such a book, and the re- 
sult is the little volume, Readings from 
the Bible Selected for Schools, referred 
to several times in the preceding Report. 
As stated by the society, the book con- 
sists of selections from the Old and New 
Testaments of the Bible, made by ten 
clergymen, namely, Cardinal Gibbons^ 
Prof. Herrick Johnson, Rev. Theodore 
X. [Morrison, President Charles A. 
Blanchard, Dr. H. W. Thomas, Rev. Jo- 
siah Strong, Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus, Dr. J. 
H. Barrows, Rev. Theodore F. Wright, 
and Dr. Thomas C. Hall. 

These selections were edited by a com- 
mittee of four persons, named by Prof. 
Swing (together with a fifth, who did not 
act), in a letter written April 3, 1894. The 
committee consisted of Hon. Wm. J. On- 

June, 1900. 



ahan, Dr. John Henry Barrows, Hon. 
Charles C. Bonney and Mrs. E. B. Cook. 
Rabbi Joseph Stoltz, Prof. Henry G. 
Moulton and others also rendered valua- 
ble assistance to the committee. 

President William R. Harper, of the 
Chicago University; President Henry 
Wade Rogers, of the Northwestern Uni- 
versity; President John M. Coulter, at 
that time of the Lake Forest University ; 
Dr. M. M. Mangasarian and others re- 
viewed the manuscript with commenda- 
tions and suggestions. 

A feeling that the work was both pa- 
triotic and philanthropic seemed to in- 
spire those who interested themselves in 
it. The publishers also did their part 
with a desire to serve the schools in the 
most helpful manner possible. 

The book received a hearty welcome 
from the evangelical clergymen of Chi- 
cago, who, in mass meeting assembled, 
spoke eloquent words for it and voted 
their approval of it. The Chicago metro- 
politan press, with great unanimity, ex- 
pressed the popular sentiment of appro- 
bation through their columns, both edi- 
torially and otherwise. 

It was also the subject of favorable no- 
tice by educators and religious journals 
throughout the country. 

The editorial committee bear hearty 
testimony to "the intelligence, prudence 
and wise and painstaking zeal with which 
the work was pursued by 'The Chicago 
Woman's Educational Union,' under the 
faithful and earnest leadership of its pres- 
ident, Mrs. Elizabeth B. Cook." 

As to the purposes of the book, Hon. 
W. J. Onahan, a distinguished Roman 
Catholic layman, and chairman of the ed- 
itorial committee, wrote : 

"We do not wish to outline any schol- 
ar's religious belief. We simply want to 
lay the foundation for a belief of some 
kind. Personally, I should regret not hav- 
ing done what I could to make it impos- 
sible for a child to grow up in ignorance 
of God. Let them grow up in what 
church they will, but let them have a be- 
lief of some kind." 

Dr. Barrows, also of the committee, 
says : 

"It is historically certain that the 
best elements of our institutions sprang 
from the Bible. * * * There is no sec- 
tarian bias for this movement. Onlv the 

• highest results, dear alike to Catholic, 
Protestant, Israelite and even agnostic, 
are desired and sought for. There is 
surely no agnostic in Chicago whose 
judgment has the weight of Prof. Hux- 
ley's and he knew of no substitute for the 
Bible equal in value to the Hebrew and 
Christian Scriptures." 

Hon. C. C. Bonney, the third member 
of the committee, writes as follows of the 
legal aspect of the case : 

"In contemplation of law, no injury is 
possible as the result of reading the Bi- 
ble in the public schools. In contempla- 
tion of law, the exclusion of the sacred 
Scriptures from the public schools is an 
indignity to the sovereign authority and 
a violation of the compact of 1787. In 
contemplation of law, such exclusion is a 
breach of the trust on which the school 
funds are held and an injury to all who 
are interested in the schools. The bane 
of American Education is the idea that 
mere knowledge will make useful men 
and women. 

"Religion, morality and knowledge, all 
being necessary to good government and 
the happiness of mankind, they should 
all be taught in the public schools, where 
the children and youth ought to learn the 
virtues we desire to have them practice 
when they arrive at mature years. 

"The selections in this book were 
made, as already stated, by clergymen of 
different denominations. They were care- 
fully arranged in the form of a trial book 
of selections, which, after being approved 
by the Educational Union, was submitted 
to clergymen, educators, ethical teachers 
and leaders of the unchurched masses for 
revision, and their suggestions have been 
considered by the committee having the 
work in charge. 

"It is obvious that every possible effort 
has been made to avoid sectarian bias in 
this compilation, while maintaining the 
highest literary and ethical standard." — 
Report of the Commissioner of Educa- 
tion, 1897-8, Washington, D. C. U. 
S. A. 

In same report see address of the late 
Dr. A. P. Peabody, of Harvard Univer- 
city. He says in substance : 

The teacher must be expected, in- 
structed and encouraged to make free 
use of the Bible as a reference book, a 


June, 1900. 

standard work for instruction in life, lit- 
erature, history and ethics. 

It should not be made a mere class 
book. It should be used for whatever de- 
votional service there may be in the 
school. Such services, apart from their 
religious worth, aid materially in the dis- 
cipline of the school, promoting sweet 
and gentle relations between teacher and 
pupils and among pupils themselves. 

Presidents of the United States on the 

Thomas Jefferson — The studious peru- 
sal of the sacred volume will make better 

John Ouincy Adams — So great is my 
veneration for the Bible that the earlier 
my children begin to read it the more 
confident will be my hopes that they will 
prove useful citizens of their country and 
respectable members of society. 

Abraham Lincoln — In regard to the 
Great Book, I have only to say that it is 
the best gift which God has given to men. 

U. S. Grant— Hold fast to the Bible 
as the sheet anchor of your liberties ; 
write its precepts on your hearts and 
practice them in your lives. To the in- 
fluence of this book we are indebted for 
the progress made in civilization, and to 
this we must look as our guide in the fu- 

Wm. McKinley — The more profound- 
ly we study this wonderful book, and the 
more closely we observe its divine pre- 
cepts the better citizens we will become 
and the higher will be our destiny as a 

"It is not your 


to settle 


Secrecy and Citizenship consists of 
three essays which received the respec- 
tive prizes of $300, $75 and $25. 

The successful competitors were I. J. 
Lansing, D. D. ; Benjamin F. True- 
blood, LL. D., and Rev. D. W. Sleuth, 

It is an attractive as well as a valuable 
volume of 137 pages, S x 7% inches, 
cloth, sent postpaid for 50 cents. 

A Word 

To Our Co=Workers: 

It is plain that the church should be the- 
great reforming and benevolent agency in 
the world. 

During the period when a refusal to do 
duty on the church's part compels the crea- 
tion of societies for moral reform, such or- 
ganizations have a valid claim on the prayers, 
testimonies and purses of Christians. 

All those who are enlightened respecting 
the vast evils resulting from secret orders- 
should make some offering each year to dif- 
fuse information concerning them. 

We are not giving for mere temporal relief 
when we teach men the dangers arising from 
secretism; we are warning them against a. 
paganism that destroys the soul. Our labor 
is not to advance some one sect, but to save 
men from Christ-rejecting lodges, which are 
destroying all churches and tending to make 
them retreats for women and children. 

The ruin of secret orders would tend to 
restore our Sabbath, which they use for their 
railroad travel to conclaves, etc. It would 
also help to close the saloons which are gay 
with bunting when a lodge conclave comes- 
to town. We earnestly request all those who- 
love openness, fair-play among men, and,, 
above all, the church of Jesus Christ, to send- 
to the Treasurer, W. I. Phillips, 221 West 
Madison street, Chicago, I1L, some offering: 
for the work, and also by last will and testa^- 
ment make such a bequest for the future 
maintenance and enlargement of the work 
as will be just and right, and honor the Lord. 
Jesus, and hasten the establishment of His, 
kingdom on earth. 

Holden With Cords. 

Or the Power of the Secret Empire. A faith- 
ful representation in story of the evil influence 
of Freemasonry, by E. E. Flagg, Author of 
"Little People," "A Sunny Life," Etc. This 
is a thrillingly interesting story, accurately true 
to life, because mainly a narration of historical 
facts. In cloth, $1; paper, 50 cents. 


June, 1900. 


Where To Locate ? 


and Nashville 

the Great Central Southern Trunkline 





Farmers, Fruit Growers, 

Stock Raisers, Manufacturers, 
Investors, Speculators 

and Money Lenders 

will find the greatest chances in the United States to 
make ''big- money" by reason of the abundance and 
cheapness of 




A history of his life and renunciation 
of Romanism and Freemasonry, by 

EDnfimrtiA P flSt Master of Keystone 
. IVOnayne, Lodge, No. 639, Chicago. 

Free sites, financial assistance and freedom from taxa- 
tion, for the manufacturer. 

Land and farms at SI. CO per acre and upward, and 
500X00 acres in West Florida that can be taken gratis 
under U. S. Homestead laws. 

Stockraising in the Gulf Coast District will make enor- 
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Half fare excursions the first and third Tuesdays of 
•each month. 

Let us know what you want, and we will tell you where 
and how to get it — but don't delay, as the country is 
filling up ranidly. 

Printed matter, maps and all information free. 

Address, R. J. WEMYSS, 

General Immigration and Industrial Agent, 

Mention this paper. 

Knights of the Maccabees 


The Complete Illustrated Ritual 

of the Order, Including the 

Unwritten Work. 

"Mr. Edward Ronayne has done hu- 
manity a service in writing this book. 
It is a plain yet interesting account of a 
life rescued by God from the toils of 
Romanism and Lodgery. . We are sure 
it will do good wherever read, and we 
wish it could be read by every Romanist, 
lodge member and Protestant in Amer- 
ica. It would open the eyes of multi- 
tudes to the evils and dangers of these 
false systems." 

Rev. Thos. M. Chalmers. 


_ o 


Contains 445 pages printed in large, 
clear type upon fine white paper, with 
photo-engravure of the author, and 
other illustrations, extra cloth binding. 
Price, $1 00. Address 

The Christian Cynosure, 



June, 1900. 


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An old, stanch, tried and true friend of the American People, from the Atlantic to the 
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For over half a century farmers have followed its instructions in raising their crops, 
and in converting them into cash have been guided by its market reports, which have been 
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If you are interested in "Science and Mechanics" that department will please and in- 
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THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE is "The People's Paper" for the entire United States, and 
contains all important news of the Nation and World. 

Regular subscription price $1.00 per year, but we furnish it as a trial subscription 

with The Christian Cynosure One Year, $1.25. 


Published Monday, Wednesday and Friday. 

A complete, up-to-date, daily newspaper three 
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mail oftener than once a week. 

Contains all striking news features of T HE DAILY TRIBUNE up to hour of goini 
to press; and is profusely illustrated. 

Regular subscription price $1.50 per year , but we furnish it as a trial subscription 

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By selling books that everybody wants, 
publications have had a sale of nearly 



in five years. Agents say they are the easiest sell- 
ing books on the market. Write for terms and 

We also offer great inducements on bibles 
and a large line of salvation subscription books. 
If you want books for holiday presents that 
will win souls, you should write us f or terms- 
W 'Send for a free sample copy of the "Pentecostal Era." 

S. B. SHAW, Publisher, 271 Madison St. Chicago, 111. 


Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty 
wo degree Masons. 

Look to the East A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 

Notwithstanding the high price this book is 
very inferior in every way to Freemasonry Illus- 
trated or the Handbook of Freemasonry at a 
quarter the price. 

Scotch Rite Hasonry^ Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entiro 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
grees are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to 18th inclusive. 

Vol. II comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
luclusive, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass- 
words from isf to i3rd 4^g&ee inclusive 


Revised Odd=felIowship Illustra- 
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The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
campment and Rebekah (ladies) degrees, profuse- 
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quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
alysis of by ex-President J. Blanchard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the " Charge 
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Revised Rebekah Ritual (IIlus= 

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and Installation of Officers of Rebekah 
Lodges." 25 cents; dozen, $2.00. 

Odd-fellowship Judged by its own 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
examined in light of God's Word. By 
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This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus- 
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of a dialogue, 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor of Evangelical Lutheran 
church, ioc. feach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
all forms and, the duty to disfellowship Odd-fel- 
lows, Freemasons, Knights of Pythias and Gran- 
gers, is clearly shown by their confessed character 
as found in their own publications. 


Exposition of the Grange. 25c. 

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cover 25c. each, $2.00 per dozen. 

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mower. Town-pump. Balloon, Wheel-barrow,— or 
what? " by Prof. E. D. Bailey, of the Civil Sen-ice 
Dept. U. S. Government. 

The Anti-mason's Scrap-Book. 


Consisting of 53 "Cynosure" tracts. In tfus 
book are the views of more than a score of men, 
many ot them of distinguished abi>\ty, on the sub- 
ject of secret societies. 




Secret Societies 


National Christian Association, 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 

The National Christian Association, having 
its principal place of business at 221 West 
Madison St., Chicago, 111., is the only asso- 
ciation in the world incorporated for the 
purpose of saving the home, the church and 
the state from being depraved, disintegrated 
and destroyed by the secret lodge. 

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Freemasonry Illustrated. First 

three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
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as to whether the Philippines shall be 
ours is not the most important question 
before the American people. It is of far 
greater concern to us to know whether 
this native land between the seas, which 
is already ours; this land which has been 
beautified and developed, ana made the 
abode of the highest order of civilization, 
shall be preserved inviolate for genera- 
tions yet to come.' Shall we allow the 
greed of capital and the socialistic ten- 
dencies of other nations to combine against 
our common welfare? Shall we banish 
the Christian Sabbath, and give ourselves 
up to the violation of laws both human 
and divine? Let us be reminded that if 
we disregard the laws of our well being, if 
we follow the heathen paths that have 
been made by those nations that have 
gone over into oblivion, then indeed will 
our ignominious end be sure and certain. 
— Hon. H. I). Woodman see. 




The "Boxers'" 73 

Fourth of July 74 

How Declaration of Independence Was 

Received ...... ... 74 

Civil Trials 75 

Soldiers of Fortune 75 

Secret Societies in Politics 76 

Heathenism and Secret Societies 80 

Mystic Shriners in Washington. . . . ! . 81 

Imperialism vs. Republicanism 82 

Suggestions for The Cynosure 82 

A Sarcasm. "Qui Capit Hie Facit" .83 

How the Strike Was Stopped 87 

The Declaration of Independence 88 

A New Departure and What ©ame of It . . 89 

'•Bound Out"— Orphans 91 

Secrecy and Anti-Secrecy. A Dialogue ... 91 
Chicago Pastors Interviewed 92 

News of Our Work: J. Groen, J. M. 
Hitchcock, P. B. Williams, John Collins, 
J. P. Stoddard, E. L. S. Tressel, A. J. 

Willard, H. Goodacre 94 

W. C. T. U. Resolution . 95 

Contractor's Stockade 95 

Greeting. President Swartz 95 

M. E. General Conference 95 

Forward Movement. Rev. O. T. Lee 96 

Tract Work. R. J. Evans. 96 

Oklahoma News. Rev. W. C. Paden. 97 

From Agent W. B. Stoddard. . . 98 

Student Lecturer. S. A. Scarvie 100 

A Bluff Met. .100 

Obituary: Mrs. Phebe Learn. 101 

From Our Mail: S. H. Swartz, H. H. 
George, D. D., Wm. Wishart, D. D., 
Cyrus Smith, Gen. John Bidwell. . .101, 102 


"The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to secret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
form (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend, 
Evangelical, United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 



"Jesus answered him,— I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffiee, Chicago, 111., as second clas 


PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

OISCONTINUANCES.-Wc find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in case 
they tail to remit before expiration. It is therefore 
assumed, unless notification to discontinue is re- 
ceived, that the subscriber wishes no interuption in 
his series. Notification to discontinue at expiration 
can be sent in at any time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for The Christian Cynosuke to be sent to 
friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a 
subscription is a present and not regularly author- 
ized by the recipient, we will make a memorandum 
to discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for 
the ensuing year. 

Addres all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

Fourth of July — the day of Liberty. 

Liberty is a word of many definitions. 
Liberty of the body is not so vitally im- 
portant as liberty of soul. Paul before 
Pilate had greater freedom than the king. 
To be free in the true sense the soul must 
have liberty. Christ said, "If the Son 
shall make you free, ye shall be free in- 
deed." How shall we present Christ so 
that His freedom will come to the soul- 
enslaved Mormons, Roman Catholics, 
Spiritualists, Christian Scientists, Se- 
cretists and Theosophists of our beloved 
country ? 

Are the readers of the Cynosure do- 
ing what they can to foster patriotism, or 
have they surrendered the 4th of July to 
the boys and to noise ? Why would it not 
be a worthy beginning of the Fourth, as 
we linger about the breakfast table, to 
read some patriotic address, take for in- 
stance the one in this number, by Presi- 
dent Blanchard? 

The noise and racket of the Fourth is 
a pleasure that ought not to be denied 
the boys altogether, but we could get 
along with less, and we ought to' have 
less. We suggest that the young people 
this year express their thankfulness for 
life, liberty and happiness enjoyed under 
our government by sending one-half of 
their Fourth of July money to the sup- 
port of the boys and girls in India, whose 
want and sorrow is so great at this time 
of our rejoicing. 


The secret society of Boxers in China 
is said to number eleven millions. It was 
once a respectable body, but the mem- 
bers are now banded together for law- 
lessness, robbery and murder. The so- 
ciety was at first organized as a defense 
against bandits, which were troublesome 
in the Province of Shan Tung. The 
original name was Ta Tao Hwei, which 
means "The Society of the Great 
Sword." When this society started is un- 
known, but it is supposed to be very old. 
As it increased in numbers it got to be 
more powerful, and it became gradually 
more corrupt. The society is intensely 
hostile to foreigners. The Boxers have 
become so bold that native Christians 
have been robbed, beaten and murdered 
and their houses destroyed. Many have 



July, 1900. 

been forced to recant and the chapels 
have been robbed and destroyed. 


ON this Independence Day, 1900, the 
United States salutes the "stars and 
stripes" with fervor and loyalty. 

The lessons of war we remember; its 
sacrifices we would not forget — but on this 
day, when the North and the South, the 
East and the West, as one nation, unite 
in patriotism and loyalty — we know that 
all bitterness is gone. 

Americans glory in America — the home 
of the free, made so by the brave men who 
fought side by side against King George 
and his soldiers. 

Americans glory in the name of Patrick 
Henry, whose voice fired the North and 
South in sympathetic defiance against the 
despot and his followers. 

Americans glory in the incomparable 
"Declaration of Independence," every word 
of which was paid for in blood and suffer- 

Americans glory in the name of Thomas 
Jefferson, whose "masterly pen" drafted 
the resolution that places America at the 
head of the nations of the world. "That 
these united colonies are, and of right ought 
to be, free and independent states; that 
they are absolved from all allegiance to the 
British crown, and that all political con- 
nection between them and the State of 
Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally 

Americans glory in the name of John 
Hancock, whose signature sent the immor- 
tal Declaration forth to the American peo- 

Americans glory in the fact that for 
more than one hundred years, good and 
true men have kept the escutcheon of our 
country free from the stain of wrong and 
that to-day the "stars and stripes" float 
over a nation standing for justice, truth 
and wisdom and whose God is the Lord. 

All honor to America; to her glorious 
stars and stripes; to her true and loyal citi- 
zens and to our glad Day of Independence. 


On the 6th of July, Col. Haslett wrote 
from Delaware: "A day which restores to 
every man his birthright; a day which 
every freeman will record with gratitude, 
and the millions of posterity will read with 


* * * 

Sismondi, in a French history, wrote: 
"The cause was noble, the effort was so 
grand, that there was no doubt, not a hesi- 
tation, in the sentiment of the entire 

* * * 

The German historian, Rotteck, wrote: 
"America, in the Declaration of Independ- 

ence, planted herself between magnificence 
and ruin." 

* * * 

Walter Savage Landor paid this tribute: 
"America was never so great as oh the day 
she declared her independence." And Phil- 
lips, the fiery Irish orator, shouted that 
"America would be the home of Irish emi- 
grants, the asylum of her oppressed." 

Lord Chatham thundered: "If I were an 
American, as I am an Englishman, while 
a foreign troop was landed in my country, 
I would never lay down my arms; never, 
never, never!" 

* * * 

Poor George III. was mad with rage. He 
gave way to terrific paroxysms of rage, an- 
ger and hate. Rebels and traitors were too 

Thomas Jefferson. 

tame, as epithets, now, and with all his 
powers sought to brand the signers of the 
Declaration with still harder names. He 
had many at court who echoed the rav- 
ings of the old and fading monarch. But 
there were many enlightened and liberal 
Englishmen who were proud to espouse the 
cause of America. 


It seems strange that any Mason should be 
in doubt as to his duty towards his brother 
who is in arrest by the civil authorities, but 
the fact that each year the question recurs 
seems to show that there has been a lack of 



July, 1900. 


elementary instruction as to the duty of a 
Mason in the lodges.— Masonic Chronicle. 

A question that "recurs each year" 
must be rooted in some permanent rea- 
son. There appears to be no "lack of 
elementary instruction" outside the 
lodge. The very children know what to 
do on the witness stand. It is strange 
that men inside suffer so from the lack. 

But how does all the above represen- 
tation tally with the famous or infamous 
Jackson expulsion case of Hartford 
Lodge ? Or how does it fairly agree with 
the "Third point of fellowship," as work- 
ed and also sworn in the third or Mas- 
ter's degree, reiterated in chapter de- 
grees, amplified in the seventh or Royal 
Arch, and there connected with the 
pledge to rescue "right or wrong?" It 
is easy to make such statement and claim 
great virtue for the vaunted order, but 
what are the plain facts ? 

"I can call spirits from the vasty 

"Why that can I ; but will they come 
when you do call them?" 



Among the veldts and kopjes of the 
Transvaal the soldier of fortune has been 
making his last stand. His days are num- 
bered, and he knows it, for no other 
country is likely to offer the alien adven- 
turer of the future the positions and 
profit that have been the portion of his 
fellows in the past. Modern military 
ethics have bred a prejudice against the 
employment of the mercenary and his 
sword, and with the close of the war in 
South Africa the soldier of fortune takes 
his place in history. 

There he will form a picturesque gal- 
lery, made up of heroes and rascals, Irish 
and Scotch, French, Germans and Poles, 
Englishmen and Italians, and last but not 
least of Americans. Indeed, during every 
decade of the closing century the New 
World daredevil has been found in all 
quarters of the earth, not as an evildoer, 
but as an adventurer, willing to under- 
take any mission, however desperate, any 
enterprise, however apparently hopeless 
of success, if by means of it he could win 

either fame or fortune. And wherever 
his resolute, yet restless, spirit has taken 
him he has generally adapted himself to 
circumstances in such a way as to win 
popularity with the natives, and speedily 
become a person of consequence. 

During the Turko-Russian war of 1877 
one of the English officers sent to ob- 
serve the operations of the Turkish army 
went to Constantinople, and thence was 
forwarded with credentials from the 
Sublime Porte to a pasha with the forces 
in the field. The Briton was accompa- 
nied by a Turkish attendant as a transla- 
tor, and when introduced spoke to the 
attendant in English, desiring him to ex- 
press to the pasha his satisfaction at the 
assignment. The pasha bore all the ap- 
pearance of a Turk, wearing a long, 
black beard and being arrayed in the reg- 
ulation uniform of the Turkish army, but 
when he heard the Englishman speak he 
smiled and blandly informed his aston- 
ished visitor that he himself could speak 
English. He was an American, as it 
turned out, an ex-Confederate officer, 
who, at the conclusion of the civil war, 
had left the Confederacy and sought ser- 
vice in the Turkish army, where he had 
attained distinction through his personal 
abilities and bravery. He had become a 
Moslem, had a harem, and in all ways 
conformed to the religion of the country. 
And this whilom Confederate serving 
under the Sultan presents a fair example 
of the men whose names make up the 
long roster of American soldiers of for- 

The American soldier of fortune made 
his first appearance in Cuba in the per- 
son of Colonel William Crittenden, a 
brave and restless Southron who found 
the paths of peace altogether too smooth 
for his adventurous feet. Crittenden was 
second in command of a motley collec- 
tion of Creoles, Hungarians, Germans 
and Americans, who, led by Nascisco 
Lopez, sailed from New Orleans, in Au- 
gust, 1 85 1, to undertake the liberation of 
Cuba. They went, instead to their 
graves. When a landing was made at 
Playtas, Lopez started inland with 300 
men, all of whom were afterwards killed 
or compelled to surrender, while Critten- 
den and a detachment of 116 men were 
left behind as a rear-guard. Marching 




July, 1900. 

slowly inland, this detachment was met 
and engaged next day by a force of 500 
Spaniards. Crittenden and his men 
fought with stubborn valor, and when 
they finally fell back left thirty dead on 
the' field. 

Then, seeing the hopelessness of their 
position, they resolved to get out of the 
island as fast as they could. Fifteen boats 
were got together after long searching, 
and in these they set sail for the Florida 
coast. They had not gone far, however, 
before they were overhauled by a Span- 
ish steamer and compelled to surrender. 
They were landed at Havana, and, brave- 
ly admitting that they were filibusters, 
were tried by drum-head court-martial 
and sentenced to be shot. This sentence 
was executed on the Punta, the open pa- 
rade ground opposite Morro Castle, on 
the morning of August 16, 185 1. Crit- 
tenden exhorted his men to be brave, and 
when ordered to kneel by his execution- 
ers refused to do so, proudly declaring: 
"We Americans kneel to no one but 
God!" And so, erect and smiling, he 
met death like the lion-hearted hero that 
he was. — The New Voice. 


Charleston, S. C, April 23.— After remain- 
ing out all night the jury in the trial of per- 
sons accused of lynching the postmaster of 
Lake City came into court at 10 o'clock yes- 
terday morning, and the foreman announced 
that they found it impossible to agree upon 
a verdict. 

Judge Brawley at once ordered a mistrial 
entered upon the books. The judge made a 
strong speech in the course of which he said: 
"Sometimes I feel that the moral fibre of the 
people is growing weaker instead of stronger 
—that there is a growing deterioration in our 
race. Forty years ago who heard of negroes 
committing arson, assault, murder and burg- 
lary? Who heard of a lynching or mob vio- 
lence forty years ago? Who ever heard of 
the humble home of a man being burned and 
his children butchered? These things indi- 
cate that the law is no longer respected by 
our people— the law has lost its sanction. 
What does that mean? It means anarchy; 
it means the disintegration of society. It 
means barbarism. 

"The whole people have the government 
in their hands, and if they cannot enforce 
the law they confess their impotence. If 
they cannot govern the State with all the ma- 

chinery in their hands without resorting to 
violent means, it is a confession of inca- 
pacity, and the sooner this is realized the 
better it will be for all concerned.. 

Could the operation of a fictitious 
moral system making secrecy and clan- 
nishness the cardinal virtues, result oth- 
erwise? In the practical rather than a 
theoretical way, we long ago came to 
suspect that, somehow, the secret society 
gave its devotes a moral twist. 




This is the land of secret societies. In 
pagan countries the abject poverty of the 
people, if nothing else, would prevent 
anything like our lodge system. In Eu- 
rope the same consideration acts as a 
limiting force on fraternities. Lodges 
cannot flourish among men who earn 
from fifty to one hundred dollars per 
year. Make the wage fifty to one hun- 
dred and fifty per month and they start 
into life. Aristocratic institutions also 
tend to repress the secret society instinct 
in men. Where political position is de- 
termined largely by birth and property 
one strong impulse toward organization 
is absent. Lodges are . diminished as 
other combinations are by this fact. 

Lodge Membership Stimulated. 

Men love power, and secret agree- 
ments help them to secure and retain it. 
Of course, power frequently carries with 
it the opportunity to obtain wealth at 
the expense of taxpayers, and this also 
is a stimulus to the lodge movement. 
The fact that our judiciary are elective 
and that men who vote are to come be- 
fore courts as suitors or criminals tends 
to the same end. The wages of the em- 
ployed, the democratic character of our 
government, the immense sums raised 
by taxation, the fact that those who han- 
dle these taxes can secure large proper- 
ties without the risks or labors of busi- 
ness enterprises, and the fact that a grip 
or a sign may be more helpful in a civil 
or criminal case than the argument of 
an attorney, these are some of the rea- 

July, 1900. 



sons why our country is overrun with 
lodges as is no other in the world. 

What Is the Question? 

Three leading lodges, the Masons, 
Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias, 
claim at this time about two millions of 
members in the United States. There 
are scores of other secret societies en- 
rolling hundreds of thousands of mem- 
bers, and the latest born of these orders, 
the American Protective Association, 
has already, if newspaper report may be 
trusted, as many adherents as the three 
older organizations put together. The 
ostensible purposes for which they exist 
vary as do their names and regalias. 
Some are said to exist for social ends, 
some for insurance, some for relief, some 
to extend the power of the Romish re- 
ligion, some to repress it, some to pro- 
mote temperance, and others to incul- 
cate patriotism. Now, what is our ques- 
tion? And first, our question is not re- 
specting the character of the individuals 
making up these orders. All reasonably 
well-informed persons know that there 
are good men and bad in varying propor- 
tions in each of them. Nor is our in- 
quiry whether some incidental good re- 
sults from these lodges. Good, in some 
measure, to some one, results from all 
things, even fires, famines, and pesti- 
lences. Gambkrs are good to them- 
selves, saloonkeepers set out free 
lunches, and boys feed fat worms to hun- 
gry fish. Nor do we inquire as to the 
religious character of the altars, chap- 
lains, prayers and lectures of these or- 
ders ; whether they be pagan or Chris- 
tian we do not now ask. Our sole desire 
is to learn, if we can, how secret socie- 
ties affect the political life of our nation, 
of the world. 

Are in Politics. 

Ill answer, I remark first, that secret 
societies are in politics. Whether their 
influence be good or evil they certainly 
have an effect on the political life of our 
nation. This is admitted by some or- 
ders like the American Protective Asso- 
ciation and the Sons of America ; it is de- 
nied by others like the Jesuits and the 
Free Masons ; but it is true of all. We 
have all seen in the public press the state- 
ment that Mayor Hopkins was waging 
war on the Masons in the City Hall. The 
list of decapitated officials, with the num- 

ber of degrees each had taken, was re- 
peatedly published. How did it happen 
that high Masons filled all those offices? 
And how does it occur that Free Mason- 
ry, having only about one voter in twen- 
ty throughout the country, has from one- 
half to nine-tenths the salaried offices in 
city, county, State and nation ? It is be- 
cause the lodge is in politics, and be- 
cause it has its candidates in both par- 
ties, so that whichever wins, the order is 
in a position of power. Years ago a Ma- 
sonic orator, speaking in eulogy of his 
order, exclaimed: 

What is Masonry now? It is powerful. It 
comprises men of all ranks, wealth, office, 
talent, in power and out of power, and in al- 
most every place where power is of impor- 
tance. They are distributed, too, with means 
of knowing each other, and means of keep- 
ing secret and the means of co-operating, in 
the desk, in the legislative hall, on the bench, 
in every gathering of business, in every party 
of pleasure, in every enterprise of govern- 
ment, in every domestic circle, in peace and 
in war, among enemies and friends, in one 
place as well as in another. So powerful in- 
deed is it at this time that it fears nothing 
from violence, either public or private, for it 
has every means to learn it in season to 
counteract, defeat and punish. 

Of course, this is partially bombast, 
but there is an element of truth in it. 
Acting in secret, its very members large- 
ly unknown, an order like the Jesuits or 
the Masons can accomplish purposes 
which would be entirely beyond its pow- 
er if it was an open organization. Dis- 
raeli, speaking on this same subject, said 
in one of his addresses : 

In conducting the governments of the world 
there are not only sovereigns and ministers, 
but secret orders to be considered, which 
have agents everywhere — reckless agents, 
who countenance assassination and, if neces- 
sary, can produce a massacre. 

In addition to these orders, which, 
while denying political ends, have been 
for years securing political positions for 
their members, and the use of public 
funds for themselves and their friends, 
we have now large secret associations 
which profess and practice what the 
others practice and deny. Men are unit- 
ing in lodges for the avowed purpose of 
carrying elections. They say that the 
Romish church has secretly monopo- 
lized official stations, and that now they 


July, 1900. 

will endeavor to reverse all this and ob- 
tain the offices for those who are not un- 
der the dominion of the Pope. The con- 
tests of these two sets of secret orders, 
the Romish and Protestant, have already 
disturbed the peace of communities, pro- 
duced bloodshed and threatened wide- 
spread hostilities. It is evident that se- 
cret societies are in politics, and have 
been, but should they be? 

Civil Service Suffers. 

Secret societies should not be in poli- 
tics because they will inevitably deterio- 
rate the civil service. Men should be se- 
lected to administer public affairs be- 
cause of their integrity and competence. 
The direction given to Moses three thou- 
sand years ago should still be the rule, 
"Thou shalt provide out of all the people 
able men, such as fear God, men of truth, 
hating covetousness." This can never 
be the rule where secret lodges are influ- 
ential in determining the course of po- 
litical events. "Able men" do not natur- 
ally tend to lodges. The strong mer- 
chants, railway men, statesmen and stu- 
dents do not have taste or time for the 
rigmarole of initiations. They do not 
enjoy the feather and sword business of 
lodges. If such men get into secret so- 
cieties because they approve of their pro- 
cessed ends they are not often found in 
their meetings or in the processions 
which plod along the streets on St. Pat- 
rick's day or in the Knight Templar 
crowd that goes to church — once a year. 
On the other hand, weak men who feel 
the need of secret assistance in order to 
secure positions to which their abilities 
would not entitle them naturally gravitate 
to such organizations. Of course, covet- 
ous men, who like office for its pecuniary 
rewards and who have no thought of their 
obligations to society, would also hail 
with delight an association which would 
help them to a place at the trough. 

Men of this stamp have leisure to com- 
mit to memory the rituals of lodges ; they 
are greatly pleased to be called Worship- 
ful, Xoble, Grand, Puissant, Sir Knight, 
Commander, etc. ; they enjoy the hats, 
and feathers, and sashes, and aprons, and 
swords, and to see the candidates scared 
when required to jump on the India rub- 
ber spikes, to play Hiram Abiff, or face 
the skeleton. Men of this latter sort are 
more likely to be popular in a secret or- 

der than self-reliant men who have con- 
victions and live up to them. The Dr. 
Cronin end of a secret society is never 
so strong as the triangle end. ■ If Dr. 
Cronin has not sense enough to wink at 
stealing he will be murdered, and then 
somebody will swear that he undressed 
and put his clothes in a catch basin, went 
to another catch basin, fell in head first, 
pulled the cover on with his toes, and 
died of kidney trouble as he lay head 
down in the basin. The men at the other 
end will hold the offices, draw the salar- 
ies, and be unable to find their brethren 
who take such singular ways to get out 
of the world. 

Administration of Justice Interfered "With. 

This suggests another objection to se- 
cret societies in politics, viz., that they 
are certain, if they become powerful, to 
interfere with the administration of jus- 
tice. Of course, there are many mem- 
bers of such orders who are good citi- 
zens and who desire the supremacy of 
law. There are also others who do not, 
and the secret organization is particular- 
ly adapted to the needs of this latter 
class. Allan Pinkerton told my father 
that the first man whom he arrested, 
after a long chase, appealed to him as a 
Mason to let him go. I was, not long 
since, talking with a gentleman in the 
Treasury building, who was at the time 
at the head of the secret service of the 
United States. He told me that he was 
a Mason. I said, "Why do you say was ; 
why not am?" He replied, "Because I 
became tired of having men shake Ma- 
sonic jewels in my face and demand re- 
lease from arrest in the name of Mason- 
ry, and I told my lodge that so long as 
I was in this office they would have to 
excuse me from my oath." The former 
sheriff of my own county told me within 
a year or two that he had been cursed in 
open court by a Masonic criminal be- 
cause he had refused to recognize his 
appeals for help. 

This shows what every intelligent man 
would know beforehand, that a secret so- 
ciety, when it becomes widely extended, 
will inevitably be used in cases where 
only the law of the land should decide. 
There is no difference in lodges about 
this. If the American Protective Asso- 
ciation proves permanent, and secures 
a fair share of the offices, its members 

July, 1900. 


will appeal to it for aid in civil or crimi- 
nal cases, as naturally as those connected 
with the Masonic order or the Clan-na- 
Gael do to their fraternities now. As 
now there are some who put their politi- 
cal privilege and civil duty above their 
secret society obligation, so it will be 
then. And as there are others who put 
their lodge relation above their duty as 
citizens, so it will be then ; and these lat- 
ter cases will be neither advertised nor 
acknowledged. The trouble with secret 
societies in politics is that you can never 
tell when the lodge is to work you harm. 
If you could, you could guard yourself 
against it. As Wendell Phillips once 
said to me, "A secret society is needless 
for any good purpose and may be used 
for any bad one." The good member 
will not use it for any lawless purpose ; 
the bad member will use it for every law- 
less one. The weapon is adapted to ill 
uses and should be taken away. "Give 
the baby a hammer and a looking-glass," 
is not a good rule ; "give the madman a 
razor and turn him loose in the streets," 
is a worse one. 

We shall probably be told that secrecy 
is essential and that the good accom- 
plished by lodges could not be attained 
without their obligations and penalties. 
I deny this. Who would interfere with 
the insurance lodges if they were open? 
Who would hinder the relief work of 
beneficial societies? Who would object 
to any legitimate political action which 
the orders professing political character 
might take ? If this were a country gov- 
erned by a despot, there would be excuse 
for secret combinations among citizens. 
Or if this was a time of war it would not 
be common sense to publish plans of 
campaign in the newspapers. But in 
time of peace, in a representative democ- 
racy, and in a day when all legitimate 
movements are certain of a sympathetic 
hearing, a secret society, no matter what 
be its professed purpose, is out of place ; 
it should be abandoned by all good citi- 
zens and then suppressed by law. 

The Historic Foes of Freedom, 

Centralization and governmental op- 
pression are the dangers of monarchical 
countries ; faction and lawnessness are 
the historic foes of freedom. England 
could have maintained the common- 
wealth but for the distrust and hostility 

of partisans. France could have gone on 
in the pathway of liberty but for the jeal- 
ousy of sections. The United States 
have already experienced one war of in- 
terests, and that bloody experience 
should warn us against repeating the 
conditions which produced it. A wise 
writer has said, "From the lakes to the 
gulf and from ocean to ocean there is 
only air enough to float one flag." It is 
as true that to that one flag all citizens 
should bear equal and unquestioning al- 
legiance. If we are to retain the proud 
position to which we have been advanced 
by the providence of God we must avoid 
the disintegrating power of secret socie- 
ties. Washington warned us against it: 
Rome, slain not by barbarian foes, but 
by luxury, vice and faction, utters in sol- 
emn tones her testimony. Justice fallen 
in the streets and equity unable to enter, 
thieves bartering away the taxes of cities, 
and murderers walking the streets with 
bloody, unwashed hands, all these are 
voices bidding us pause in the steep and 
slippery path down which already we are 

A Good Day Coming. 

I well understand how naturally the 
thought that change is impossible will 
arise in all our hearts. It is our custom 
to imagine that what is must continue 
and that there is no use in uttering a pro- 
test against the inevitable. When mill- 
ions of human beings were bought and 
sold, when they were whipped, and 
branded, and torn with dogs, and burned 
to death, when slave ships sailed the sea 
and slave coffies covered the land, and 
slave pens reared their devilish fronts by 
the capitol of the United States, those 
who cried out against the iniquity were 
told that it always had been and always 
would be. Now, while wives are mur- 
dered every day by drunken husbands. 
while children are beaten and starved 
every day by drunken fathers, while will- 
broken men every day are finding it 
easier to blow out their brains than pass 
the open door of the legalized grog shop, 
we hear this same lazy, cowardly cry. 
When men who toil long hours seven 
days a week for small pay ask for Sab- 
bath rest, when they request the privi- 
lege of spending one day in the week 
with wife and children, greed and plea- 



July, 1900. 

sure-seeking join hands to hold them to 
their task. 

I do not believe that these or any 
other iniquities are here to stay. My God 
opened the Red Sea for Israel. He has 
lifted woman from the position of slave 
to that of helpmate for man. He has 
supplanted the rule of the monarch by 
the rule of the people. He has driven 
slavery from three-fourths of the earth. 
He has given to millions of little chil- 
dren the light and love and warmth of 
Christian homes. He has driven whisky 
drinking out of the church and made it 
disreputable. He is showing this nation 
to-day that an adulterer and liar, even if 
he is a Knight Templar and goes to 
church, is no better than a harlot. In 
due time He will establish His kingdom 
on earth, a kingdom which is light and 
in which there is no darkness at all. 

I do not believe that a majority of my 
fellow-citizens who belong to lodges, 
Romish or Protestant, know the real 
character and tendency of these orders. 
I believe that hundreds of thousands of 
men who now wear the collars and 
aprons of secret societies will soon throw 
them off forever. I believe that in their 
heart of hearts most men love fair play 
and do not believe in taking secret and 
underhand advantage of their fellows. I 
believe that we are to see a day when pa- 
triotism shall be the death of partisan- 
ship, when Christianity shall destroy sec- 
tarianism, when political campaigns shall 
be comparisons of views and expressions 
of political judgment rather than battles 
of secret hordes for the spoils of office, 
when the taxes of the people shall be ex- 
pended in promoting their interests rath- 
er than in feathering the nests of politi- 
cal conspirators. When that good day 
comes, as come it will, unless we be cow- 
ardly and unbelieving, Bryant's song will 
be realized, peace and plenty will prevail, 
and each grateful American will say of 
his native or adopted land : 

''There's freedom at thy gates, and rest 
For earth's downtrodden and opprest, 
A shelter for the hunted head, 
For the starved laborer toil and bread. 

Power, at thy bounds, 

Stops and calls back his baffled 

"O, fair young mother ! on thy brow 
Shall sit a nobler grace than now, 
Deep in the brightness of thy skies, 
The thronging years in glory rise, 

And, as they fleet, 

Drop strength and riches at thy feet." 

In China it is the Boxers ; in the Phil- 
ippines the cruel "K. K. K. ;" in Cuba 
the Freemasons'; in Chicago and St. 
Louis the trades unions. In the past in 
our country the Freemasons have defied 
the government, in the present private 
enterprise has to adopt means to protect 
workingmen in the God-given and con- 
stitution-guaranteed right to work, be- 
cause mayors and chiefs of police have 
quailed before the secret trades unions ; 
riot and anarchy in the future may be by 
any one of the three hundred kinds of 
lodges that to-day ape and copy Mason- 
ry. It is for Christian patriots to use 
their opportunity on the Fourth of July 
to emphasize the Christian principles of 
civil and religious liberty for which our 
fathers fought and contrast them with 
the lodge despotism and tyranny which 
threaten these principles to-day. Upon 
the propagation and promulgation of 
right principle depends our national in- 
dependence and prosperity. 



The dreadful havoc which the secret 
order of Boxers is making with the Chi- 
nese converts to Christianity, the break- 
ing up of Christian missions, the murder 
of missionaries, the powerlessness of the 
Chinese government to prevent their 
atrocities, call attention to some obvious 
facts that we do well to consider. 

Characteristic of Heathenism, 

Organized secrecy is one of the most 
marked characteristics and outgrowths 
of heathenism. It has been so in all his- 
tory. It was an essential element in the 
worship of Baal and Ashteroth. It was 
intimately interwoven with the idolatry 
of Osiris and Iris, and of Brahma, Vish- 
nu and Siva. It has prevailed in all lands 
where false gods have been worshipped. 
No people have been so low in intelli- 
gence or degraded in morals but that 

July. 1900. 



they have found organized secrecy a con- 
genial as well as powerful means of ac- 
complishing their selfish purposes. The 
cannibals of Africa have a secret society 
for the promotion of cannibalism. 

Essentially the Same in Every Age. 

Organized secrecy is everywhere es- 
sentially the same in its nature and prac- 
tical influence. The secret orders of to- 
day — some of them at least — date their 
origin from the ancient mysteries of hea- 
thenism, and probably all have more or 
less copied their heathen ceremonies. 
This is true of Freemasonry and admit- 
ted by Masonic authors. But it is in its 
moral influence and character that the 
likeness is most striking. It is every- 
where essentially selfish. The little 
world of the secret order is its own or- 
ganization. "Not only do we know no 
North, no South, no East, no West, but 
we know no government save our own. 
* * * Brethren to each other all the 
world over ; foreigners to all the world 
besides." (From Missouri Grand Lodge 
Report, 1867.) Secretism was instituted 
for and exists for the selfish advantage of 
its individual members. Selfish greed is 
the foundation principle. It fosters and 
enjoins dissimulation. It pretends that 
to be true which is known to be false, 
and that to be false which is obviously 
true. "It calls evil good and good evil, 
puts darkness for light, and light for 
darkness.'' It fosters, if it does not re- 
quire, lying. It undermines, if it does not 
absolutely destroy, all moral restraint. 
No atrocity is too dreadful when "the 
good of the order" seems to require it. 
It assassinates civil officers, blows up 
street railways on which the public are 
riding, murders unoffending citizens and 
assaults innocent women. The ample 
proof of these charges is found in the 
lying pretensions of Freemasonry, and 
the murderous riots of the secret trades 
unions in Chicago, Cleveland, Pittsburg, 
and recently in St. Louis. 

Where Most Harmful. 

The influence of secret orders over 
Christian organizations is, all things con- 
sidered, the most pernicious. They creep 
into the church and are fostered by its 
protection. They tone down the spiritual 
zeal and Christian activity, not simply of 
those who belong to the orders, but of 
those who tolerate them. This is espe- 

cially true where the sin is against light 
and knowledge. It is very obvious in 
the statistical reports of the'Liberal Uni- 
ted Brethren Church, which, during the 
year 1899, decreased in membership by 
about seven thousand, and the M. E. 
Church by thirty-four thousand. Con- 
gregationalism scarcely held its own. 
Here in Oberlin there has been a growth 
of the lodges and a dearth of revivals. 
Never in its history has Oberlin had 
abler preaching, and yet its churches 
have scarcely held their own. There is 
a leaven of heathenism in our midst 
which threatens to leaven the whole 

In the National Free Soil Convention 
of 1848, one of the indictments against 
slavery and polygamy was, that they 
were "twin relics of barbarism." A few 
years later slavery went down in blood. 
Another ''relic" still survives, and is not 
less aggressive than its kindred institu- 
tions. It is survival of the unfittest. 
Will Christians sleep over it or shall we 
not rather "purge out the old leaven that 
we may become a new lump." 

Oberlin, Ohio. 


Washington, D. C. 

For several days there were in this 
city men and women dressed in Turkish 
garb. They call themselves "Shriners." 

Their appetites and passions have been 
provided for, the city being given over 
in a large degree to their vanity and de- 
bauchery. That they have money and 
are willing to spend it is well known. 
The newspapers give glowing accounts, 
and pictures, and long lists of the im- 
perial potentates. Business men who 
may hope for gain decorate elaborately 
and join in praising. Hotels, saloons, 
restaurants, playhouses of all descrip- 
tions, do their best, for they well know 
how to work depraved human nature for 
the largest revenue. Oh, the folly, the 
depravity of men. Well may Puck say. 
"What fools these mortals be." If these 
people believe they are one-half as great 
as they are proclaimed by those who flat- 
ter them, one might wonder how they 



July, 1900. 

could content themselves to live in a 
world like ours. 

The President of the United States 
bade them welcome as they came car- 
rying their large butcher knives and 
other emblems of the unspeakable Turk. 
The music, the bright, flashing costumes 
gave vent to their vanity, while the costly 
liquors and viands contributed to the 
general inflation. 

William E. Curtis, the well-known 
Washington correspondent for the Chi- 
cago Record, writes of one company : 

"A party of enterprising Shriners from 
a Western State amused themselves by 
hiring a truck which they loaded with 
barrels of beer and whisky and drove 
through the principal streets offering 
drinks to the public free of charge. This 
unusual hospitality naturally attracted so 
much attention that the police were 
obliged to interfere." 

As is the custom with each new parade, 
the newspapers proclaim the last the 
greatest. What does all this expenditure 
of life, time, and money mean? It sim- 
ply means that self-gratification is the 
most natural to the unregenerate. "For 
it certainly is most atrocious luck to be 
born with a soul, if you are Only a duck." 
W. B. Stoddard. 



It is safe to say that but a small per- 
centage of the deep-thinking men and 
women, who deplore the present reign of 
militarism, know that the lust for im- 
perial power, which is now eating like a 
gangrene at the vitals of our republic, is 
the result of the lodge poison. Never 
did the will of the people count for so 
little as now under our present high Ma- 
sonic administration. Government cen- 
sorship may be only in the Philippines as 
yet, but despotism has a way of spread- 
ing from a very small center. We have 
not yet arrived at the stage which the 
Masonic government of Italy has reach- 
ed w T hen, according to Prof. Lomboroso, 
of Turin, in a recent article in the In- 
dependent, the reason for the suppres- 
sion of one Italian newspaper was that 
"it spoke evil of Freemasonry," but it is 

well to watch the signs of the times at a 
crisis in our history, when we seem to 
be repeating the experience of ancient 
Israel, who, not content with being God's 
peculiar people, wanted to take her place 
as a world power. 


Editor of the Cynosure : Among the 
suggestions for future work on page 39 
of the June number were some applying 
to the make-up of the Cynosure. These 
suggestions show a gratifying interest 
in that journal, and indicate a disposition 
to render it service. Part of what is thus 
mentioned is in line with convictions 
which I have held for years, but I cannot 
believe that all could be carried out suc- 
cessfully at the present time. 

I trust it may seem pardonable to say 
that I have long been more than a care- 
ful reader of the Cynosure ; that I have 
been also a careful student of its policy, 
and that my study has been that of one 
not wholly a stranger to newspaper 
work. I remember writing long ago that 
"the Cynosure set its editor a killing 
pace." I saw that it ought either to 
change its make-up or its time of publi- 
cation. There is a limit to the amount of 
work, of one restricted kind, that one 
man can do each year in a series of years. 
No such organ as is now furnished can 
reasonably be demanded as a weekly, 
unless means are provided for a larger 
editorial corps. 

The call for a weekly, however, is 
urged "even if it should not be more than 
a four-page sheet." Subscribers are said 
to have been found who would rather get 
fifty issues for one dollar than twelve. 
It seems to be supposed that they would 
accept fifty four-page sheets instead of 
twelve magazines. 

Admitting for the moment that some 
subscribers would be content, there still 
remains the question what purpose this 
journal is issued to attain. If it is to 
amuse those already conversant with the 
reform it advocates and already won, and 
if four pages a week would amuse them 
more, by all means let the magazine dis- 
appear and let the four-page sheet come. 

If, on the other hand, the reform needs 
an organ adapted to win those still in- 

July, 1900. 



different ; able to command respect at 
first by its external appearance and typo- 
graphical execution ; strong enough and 
ample enough to carry intellectual mo- 
mentum ; then we should retain the mag- 

The experiment of a weekly has been 
thoroughly tried. Many of us can re- 
member by what an organ as to typo- 
graphical appearance we were once rep- 
resented, and all of us can see by what 
we are represented now. The X. C. A. 
needs an organ that will win the atten- 
tion of readers who are accustomed to 
see such newspapers as The Independ- 
ent, Zion's Herald, The Advance, and 
The Interior ; such magazines as The 
Century, Harper's and The Cosmopoli- 
tan ; and such literature in various forms 
as makes it inexpedient to represent an 
unpopular and unknown reform by an 
uninviting organ. We should not make 
a bid for contempt by a contemptible 
means of appeal. From the present mag- 
azine to a four-page sheet would be a 
long step toward apparent degeneracy. 

It should be remembered that the Cy- 
nosure ought, moreover, to be qualified 
to do the work of a propagandist in Y. 
M. C. A. reading-rooms of many cities; 
in colleges and seminaries ; and in the li- 
braries of clergymen, and the homes of 
coilege-bred men and women. 

If the call for fresh news means anti- 
secret news, it must be said frankly that, 
outside certain limits, anti-secret news 
has little journalistic value. Some news 
of that sort should be printed — it could 
not be neglected — but it would not float 
a newspaper long. It is added : "I would 
give a page or two of condensed foreign 
and home news, such as the busy man 
would love to have to keep him abreast 
of the times," etc. Like much else ihat 
I could also suggest for the Cynosure, I 
think one or two pages of that kind a 
fine thing to have. But in order to give 
this resume of news, the Cynosure would 
have to employ a trained journalist to 
take charge of this department. Who 
would pay his salary? Lest this should 
be pooh-poohed, I feel compelled to add 
that it is written by one who has written 
oceans of news, and has been credited 
within the newspaper circle with a little 
knowledge of the way in which news 
should be handled. It would be fine to 

have what is suggested, but how it is to 
be had in any way worth accepting, and 
yet without expense not to be under- 
taken, I am unable to see. 

I am in sympathy with the suggestion 
to broaden the range of the Cynosure 
and increase the variety of its contents if 
that can be done ; but if the nature of its 
theme rules it out of the market as an 
advertising medium and fences it away, 
practically, from opportunities enjoyed 
by other religious journals, then, in such 
a case, I see no way but to act within its 
limits as best it can. 

Whatever it does, I hope it will not re- 
cede from ground already gained, return 
to try an experiment over again, and 
abandon seeking those who as yet are 
uninformed or indifferent. May the time 
be far when the N. C. A. goes back to 
former methods and loses an organ 
adapted to command respect and confi- 
dence, and win new allies to the reform. 
Xo Back Track. 


Ceremonies of the Holy Lodge, Including 
Legend of the Sacred Degree. 

(Compiled by Worthy G. M. Elizabeth Alsop and 
privately printed by J. A. C. K. Asinus for the use of 
the Order, A. O. 5984- A. D. 1980.) 

Sanction of the Most Worthy G. M. to 
the original edition is herewith attached : 

G. L., N. Y., A. C. 5967: Whereas, 
Most Worshipful J. Asinus has compiled 
a book entitled "Symbol of Glory," and 
has requested our sanction for the pub- 
lication of the same ; we having perused 
the said book, and finding it to corre- 
spond with the ancient practices of the 
august society, we recommend the same 
to the use of the fraternity, and extend 
the R. H. of a Perpendicular flat. 

G. M. M. W. H. P. Bombast, H. P. P. 

Z. K. S. 

Author's Note. 

Since issuing the ninety-eighth edition 
of the following work, I have received 
several thousand letters of commenda- 
tion from the fraternity, and also many 
of condemnation from a remnant of a 
sect once known as "Symbolical Ma- 
sons." These last seek to assume that 
our Sublime, Potent and Majestic Order 



July. 1900. 

is. word for word (though much con- 
densed), in legends and ceremonies, like 
that known as the above society, which 
flourished with a checkered career dur- 
ing portions of the eighteenth and nine- 
teenth and twentieth centuries. 

It would be like saying a father inher- 
its a trait from the son to assume that 
our ancient order, which had its origin 
m the Garden of Eden, had copied from 
a sect which rose, flourished and died 
within a range of 300 years, and died, 
too, from "brain failure." 

Every one who has been initiated into 
the mysteries of our sacred circle knows 
— and none other can know — that our 
system is based on the incontestable 
fact that our patron saint, "the old ser- 
pent, Satan, the Devil," met the first G. 
M. (grandmother) of the order as she 
walked in the Garden of Eden (Gen. 3 : 
21), and there together they formed what 
has since been known through all the 
ages as the Holy Lodge. "They made 
coats of the skins of animals" (vide same 
chapter). Where the degrees were 
"worked," just as they are to-day. The 
first man was excluded from participation 
in the mysteries, as he has always been, 
from the obvious unfitness of men for 
such exalted communion. 

Those who know our secrets can well 
appreciate the fact that it would be out 
of all nature for man to enter the "mystic 

"So mote it be." The Author. 


During the last year of the nineteenth 
century Mother Maloney, a French 
Jesuit nun, and Sister Mary Ann Smith, 
a Methodist deaconess, met on the 24th 
of June, "a day of light and roses," at 
"high noon of the day," in Mistress 
Croon's humble eating-house in Baxter 
street, and then revived the "Ancient Or- 
der of the Consecrated Needle." 

They compiled and framed the "Book 
of Constitutions," and then spiritualized 
the order, which had fallen into "innocu- 
ous desuetude." There, with seven maid- 
ens, pure and true, they installed them- 
selves into the society now known 
through the habitable globe as the G. L. 
O. C. N. 

For some years these consecrated 

souls enjoyed the glories of the middle 
chamber and S. S.., when their fame and 
greatness caused jealousies and imita- 

Spurious societies began to spring up, 
putting forth various claims, until, in 
1922, our order met and effected a com- 
promise with the three societies, of "Je- 
zebel von Ahab," and the "Three Dis- 
tinct Thumps," and the sect known as 
the "Mistress' Key." (This last claimed 
priority of age, going back even to pre- 
historic times.) Being united, they were 
ever after known as the "United Grand 

From the last-named incorporated so- 
ciety we gained our legend of the third 
degree. This legend was stolen by the 
sect called Masons, or stone-squarers, 
and made to do service for a heathen 
mechanic, who was hired by King Solo- 
mon. — "Theosophic Physiology, Vol. X., 
page 842. 

We are assured, upon good and un- 
questioned authority, that these inci- 
dents, in our beautiful legend, were al- 
luded to when the sweet singer of Israel 
exclaimed: "Out of the depths, O Lord, 
thou hast heard my cry." 

Order of Initiation. 

The three degrees represent woman in 
the three stages of her existence, infan- 
cy., youth, and middle age. In the first, 
we see humanity in its feeblest state, 
"neither naked nor clothed, barefoot nor 
shod, blind (H. W.) helpless" (led by C. 
T.). On entering the lodge, she is led bv 
C. T. in hands of J. W. (Jolly Widow). 
On the altar is an open Bible ; on this is 
a pair of scissors, open to form a cross 
of St. Andrew (these points are applied 
during initiation to L. B. to denote the 
"point of a privilege"). On these is 
placed, so as to cover the left points, a 
sleeve pattern, which, by its peculiar po- 
sition, forms an equilateral hypothesis. 
Before this altar, and on it, is taken our 
solemn obligation. 

The candidate is led by C. T. three 
times round this altar. At the third 
round they stop in the East before the 
G. M. (grandmother). After bowing 
three times, the syllables, J — b — n are 
repeated by J. W. G. M. our candidate, 
so that each will have their syllable al- 
ternately, but all in a whisper, when sud- 

July, 1000. 



denly the H. W. is removed, and in the 
corner is seen a dwarf evergreen, from 
behind which a figure* resplendent in 
spangles and glitter, rises before the as- 
tonished eyes of the candidate, and 
speaks in a distinct voice, "Eve, Eve," 
and the candidate (who represents Eve) 
replies "Here Lord," and then the voice 
% replies, "Fig Leaf." The candidate is 
pronounced initiated. 

The second degree is very similar. The 
repetition of the word J — b — n is repeat- 
ed in a whisper. This "word" is the 
grand, omnific last word. It lay buried 
until accidentally found 549 years after- 
ward by Dorcas in the ruins of the cave 
(vide Monitors). 

Now bursts on our vision the embla- 
zoned glories of the third or M. M. 
(Mother Maloney) degree. Here our 
typical fable begins. You are all famil- 
iar with it, but we who know its import 
and beauty can never tire of repeating 
or hearing it. So, for the instruction of 
our newly "raised" and "exalted" sisters, 
we will tell it. 

Legend of Third Degree. 

King Ahashuerus made a feast, and 
ordered Vashti, his lovely queen, to ap- 
pear before his drunken comrades, and 
expose her beauty. She refused, and, 
catching up her infant daughter, flew to 
Mt. Moriah, where she hid in a cave. 

Twelve inmates of the harem, think- 
ing to please the king, formed a plan to 
bring her back. Nine recanted, but three 
pursued their way, and, attracted by the 
cry of the hungry child, they entered the 
cave, one after the other. These mis- 
creants were sisters — Jezebela, Jebebelo, 
and Jezebelum (daughters of old Boan- 
arges). As they advanced toward the 
queen each demanded the "key" to the 
closet, which contained the patterns, and 
tracing board (now known as lap-board) ; 
being refused, Jezebelum struck her on 
the temple with her thimble, and she fell 
dead at her feet. 

After the murder, they buried the body 
in a grave "six feet perpendicular," at the 
mouth of the cave and planted a sprig 
of shamrock at its head. (This plant is 
found in great abundance near Mt. Mo- 

*This figure represents Deity. 

Not daring to return to the court, they 
entered the cave and were found there 
by the emissaries of the king. 

At roll-call, the day after Vashti's 
flight, when the three sisters were found 
absent, the nine recanters appear before 
the king in white robes, and gloves, to 
denote their contrition, and confessed the 
plot. They were sent in twos (one re- 
mained in a dungeon, awaiting their re- 
turn), to find the murderers, and if they 
failed they should suffer death in their 

The two who went in the direction of 
Mt. Moriah sat just at the mouth of the 
cave, to rest, and heard issuing from 
within groans and cries. 

The first voice said : "Oh, that my left 
ear had been pierced by a knitting-needle 
and that I had been fastened thereby to 
the earth !" 

The second voice cried: "Oh, that my 
body had been tied by the back hair to 
the highest pinnacle in Christendom, 
and left to the fowls of the air !" 

The third voice exclaimed : "Oh, that 
my body had been cut in twain by my 
corset string and left on the seashore, at 
low tide, the prey to clams and shrimps !" 

On trying to rise, one sister caught 
hold of the shamrock, and it came out of 
the ground, disclosing a newly-made 
grave. They rushed into the cave and 
dragged the murderers by their hair to 
the palace, where the king had them ex- 
ecuted, according to their several impre- 

And these imprecations we preserve in 
our order as the penalties to our solemn 
O. B. (Old Bulldozer). 

Queen Esther, accompanied by sev- 
eral members of the craft, went to search 
for the body of the ex-queen ; finding the 
spot by the newly-opened earth, they 
formed in squads, of the different de- 
grees, to try and raise the body, it hav- 
ing become decomposed. Each desiring 
to find the lost key, or word, known only 
to Vashti, and Esther, and a French 
dressmaker in Jerusalem called Hulda. 
"or the widow's daughter," a woman 
mighty in cutting and fitting. This key 
was to the tracing-board closet, and no 
work could be done until it, or a substi- 
tute, was found. First the E. A. tried 
their grip, but failed. Then the F. C, 



July, 1900. 

who also failed. Then the queen came 
forward, and groaned in spirit, exclaim- 
ing. "Oh, Lord my God, is there no 
hope for me, or the widow's daughter?" 
I meaning the dressmaker). Then, stoop- 
ing, she raised her by the grip of an M. 
M. on the rive points of "felo de se," 
called the ''mighty grip of the ass' 
jaw" (the same used by Samson). The 
body was buried with honor as near the 
S. S. (sunset) as was permitted by court 

As the key could not be found the 
queen proposed to substitute in its place 
the first word spoken after the raising of 
the body. This was an exclamation made 
by a F. C. (Foolish Creature) in her dis- 
may at finding that a jeweled pin from 
her hair had fallen into the open grave, 
"Ma-ha-bone," literally translated "my 
hair bone," or pin. This was used as the 
"grand word" until 549 years after, when 
Dorcas, the inspired founder of the 
original "Children's Aid Society," while 
seeking in the cave for an herb called 
"boneset" (then used for tea among the 
order), she found the skeleton of Vash- 
ti's child, and on the bone of the thumb 
was set a golden key, and by the skeleton 
a golden box. She seized the box, and 
found on its sides inscriptions and mys- 
tical characters. She took it to the Tem- 
ple at Jerusalem, where the H. P. (High 
Popolorum) was holding audience with 
the king and scribe. Upon examination 
there was found a book, "The Original 
Book of the Law," framed in the gar- 
den and descended through the ages. 
"Holiness to the Lord." We now see 
how the world is indebted to this an- 
cient society through Vashti, for the 
preservation of this most sacred book.* 
Here, too, is a little pot, containing two 
quarters of a small, dried apple (what 
wes left of the original, two bites having 
been taken by our G. M. and her asso- 
ciate Adam). There is also found a 
stick, on which a leaf is blooming, "the 
original fig leaf." A key is found by the 
aid of some bits of paper, which solve 

*Had it not been for this accidental dis- 
covery, the sacred word, or Bible, would 
never have been recovered to the world. 
How much, then, are we indebted to this 
sublime and holy fraternity!— "Holiness to 
the Lord." So mote it be! 

the mystic characters on the box. On 
one side is "Deposited in the year 1." 
On the second side: "By Eve." On the 
third side: "Pro bono publico;" and on 
the fourth side, in Chaldeac Hebrew, and 
Syriac, the long-lost word is seen : "Jah- 
bu-lun — Vashti, 2499!" The grand, 
quintissimus omniric, "three times 
three !" On the bottom of the box is a 
stone, cut neither oblong nor square, 
with the English letters, H. T. W. S. S. 
T. K. S. (for explanation see Monitors). 
"So mote it be!" 


Every candidate who enters our "Mys- 
tic Shrine" must enter, as have done, all 
noble souls, through ages past. They 
may at first think it degrading, but as 
they advance, and more fully discern the 
symbolic beauty connected with each 
rite (for our system is progressive), they 
will come to feel that even the most hu- 
miliating ceremony is a means to an 
end. The "duly prepared" candidate 
would appear an object of pity in the 
abjectness of the outward appearance, 
but when we know that this appearance 
is but a type of woman in the darkness 
of ignorance seeking "light," we can see 
the beautiful analogy and press forward 
to attain the higher degrees (at $30 each) 
when our characters are perfected, even 
though we must pass the "rough and 
rugged road" before we gain the beau- 
tiful temple of our hopes. As we are 
"exalted" our thoughts become purified, 
and we can see the beauties we may at- 
tain, as we reach the superstructure, 
which we are building in the temple of 
character. This cannot be understood 
by a cowan (bow-wow, or profane). But 
to us the B. B. has a glorious meaning, 
and the "living arch" becomes surmount- 
ed by a halo. Then we must "stoop low," 
for "he that humbleth himself shall be 
exalted !" A listening ear, and "silent 
tongue" are to be our care. Our solemn 
O. B. is to be kept. All other obligations 
may be violated, but the silent tongue is 
as necessary as the existence of our an- 
cient order; for if the secret becomes 
an "open secret," our landmarks are 
"non-est-comati-bus." "Let us pray." — 
Vide Monitors.) 

"So mote it be." 

"She who most things understood (Eve), 

July, 1900. 


She who made the gown and snood 

She who nobly shed her blood 
Whilst doing of her duty (Vashti)." 

Z. H. and I. : 

"As we three did agree, 

In love, peace, and unity, 
The sacred word to search ; 

So, we three do agree 

In love, peace and unity, 
The sacred word to keep; 
Until we three, 

Or, three such as we, 

Shall meet and agree." 

"So mote it be, Fiddle, de, de." 

Candidate while taking oath is bowed 
before the altar, having been "duly pre- 
pared ;" with the H. W. still on, kneeling 
on left b. k., the right so placed as to 
form a icosa hedron, or icteric hypocar- 
pogen ; the left hand, so raised as to form 
.an icarian lyrate, and in this position is 
taken the solemn 


I, Nancy Ann, of my own free will, 
in the presence of the G. A. O. T. U. 
and this worshipful lodge, erected to His 
name, and dedicated to St. Eve and St. 
Vashti, I do hereby and hereon (B. of 
S. L.) solemnly swear that I will "hail, 
•ever conceal, and never reveal" any of 
the secrets, arts, or points of this most 
sublime order. Further I will not aid, 
•or be present at the initiation of any who 
are unworthy, such as an old woman in 
her dotage, a young woman in her non- 
age, an atheist, a man, or idiot. I will 
not cheat a sister of the same degree. 

I will not reveal the key to the grand 
omnific word, but will destroy it wher- 
ever I may see it, and never repeat the 
word except as I received it, under a 
L-a- and in a whisper. 

Further, I promise never to violate the 
chastity of the father, brother, or son of 
a sister (of the same degree) or allow it 
done, if I am aware of it. 

I furthermore promise to obey all 
summons if within the length of my C. 
T., or shoestring. 

To all of which I most solemnly prom- 
ise and swear, with a firm and steadfast 
resolution to keep and perform the same, 
without any equivocation, mental reser- 

vation of mind in me whatsoever, bind- 
ing myself under no less penalty than to 
have my (see combined penalties of Jeze- 
bela, Jezebello, and Jezebellum), so help 
me God, and keep me steadfast in the 
due performance of the same. 

"So mote it be." 

Note. — Shortly there will appear a 
full ritual of the later, or what are called 
the "Christian degrees," for our ancient 
order ends with the finding of the "om- 
nific word." The author finds it desira- 
ble to print these monitors, or rituals, for 
the private use of the order, as no sister 
may fill a "chair" without a thorough 
knowledge of our landmarks. The title 
of the coming book will be "The Point 
Within a Circle." It will include the de- 
grees of the "Maltese Cross" and the 
"Ineffable Name," the Knights of the 
"American Eagle," and "Elected of 
Nine;" also the essentials of the "Cham- 
ber of Reflection," and the "Sealed Liba- 
tion." To which is added a synoptical 
index. All so-called secret societies are 
composed mostly of "asinum tondes" 
and as a monitor is a necessary "vade 
mecum," this particular pocket manual 
elucidates the "homo nullorum homi- 
num," and is so complete that the so- 
journer, though an agnostic, cannot err 

Stje lome ant) tbe ?o^e 



"Can't some one gag that boy?" said 
Jim Rankin, looking up from his dinner- 
pail and addressing a group of men sit- 
ting under an old tree eating their noon- 
day meal. "That boy" was whistling as 
he cared for the horses that hauled the 
bark to the tannery. 

"He might ha' struck a gold mine by 
the contentment of his chime," said Jim. 

"He's always whistling," growled 
Thompson; "but he don't have responsi- 
bilities ; bunks with the horses, they say, 
and don't care for better. Wait till he 
has a family and no more wages than 
we, and then catch him whistling at his 



July, 1900. 

work." and he went on to talk of "star- 
vation wages and long hours." But the 
boy kept on whistling. 

"Say," said Henderson, "call him over 
and make him join the strike ; tell him 
it's for higher wages ; guess that'll fetch 

"Anything to stop him," said Jin; "it's 
hard to grumble agin' fate with that 
chune runnin' in your head. It's a regu- 
lar Irish jig he's at now." 

So Peter was summoned to the con- 
ference, appearing in shirt-sleeves and 
bare feet ; a tall, slender, bright-eyed 
boy. who stood and listened attentively 
to what was said of the proposed strike. 
But, when he was asked if he would join, 
he folded his arms and shook his head, 
saying that he had accepted his situation 
knowing what his wages were to be ; that 
it was a bargain between him and the 
company ; and, once he had agreed to do 
it, if the company was satisfied with him 
and paid him on time, he had nothing to 
complain of. 

"You'd talk different if you had a fam- 
ily to support on the wages we get," 
said Jim, while there were murmurs on 
all sides. 

"You're on the wrong track now," 
spoke up Irish Tim, who had refused to 
join the strikers. "Faith, an' it's because 
of what he does wid 'is wages, an' whis- 
tles over it like a prince as he is, that I 
won't have nothin' ter do wid yer strike." 
Then in quaint brogue he told the men 
that Peter, out of the little he was get- 
ting, was helping his mother to keep the 
old home, while his sister was "studyin' 
for a teacher, an', not knowin' what he's 
doin' or how little he's gettin' ; an' he 
studyin' his books nights so he won't git 
too far behint when 'is sister's through 
an' he kin take more schoolin'. It's them 
as begins low down, an' whistles as they 
go, boys," he said, "that gits to the top ; 
an' so now I'm respectin' the opinions 
of wan who may some day be presidint 
of the company, good luck to him ; an' 
by your leave I'll ax 'im now ter kape on 
wid" the jig we inter-rupted ; it kind o' 
warms up me heart an' toes wid it ;" and 
he gave Peter a look that caused him to 
begin whistling before any remarks could 
be made ; and, as he whistled, the sum- 
mons to work came; and after that the 
strike never made any headway. 

"Faith, but I didn't expect it to accom- 
plish so much all at oncet," said Irish 
Tim, some time later; "but I belave now 
that the whistlin' o' that boy, an' know- 
in' what he was livin' up to, would have 
stopped most any strike." — C. E. World. 


Past Great Saehern Cherry, of Virginia, pre- 
sented the following, which was adopted: 

Resolved, That the last Sabbath in Octo- 
ber in each great sun, be designated as a date 
for holding a Council of Sorrow in each 
hunting grounds in the great reservation, 
and that the Committee on Revision of Rit- 
ual be directed to report at the next session 
of this Great Council a Form of Service for 
use at said Councils of Sorrow.— Buckeye 

Sunday is getting to be a great order 
day ; but we hope one Sunday in the year 
will be left for the Christian religion, else 
that will need to appoint a Day of Sor- 


It may seem strange to some young 
people that the memories of the fifty-six 
signers of that wonderful paper should 
be so honored in this country. Said a 
bright boy recently, "Why was it any 
very great thing to sign a paper of that 
kind? I think the man who wrote it was 
great, but don't see .why the others 

The reason they were great was that 
they were both patriotic and brave. They 
believed that it was not right for this 
country to be subject to and taxed by 
Great Britain while having no voice in 
the government. A committee, consist- 
ing of Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia ; 
John Adams, of Massachusetts; Ben- 
jamin Franklin, of Pennsylvania; Roger 
Sherman, of Connecticut, and Robert R. 
Livingstone, of New York, was appoint- 
ed to write out a declaration to this ef- 
fect. Thomas Jefferson, though at this 
time but thirty-three years of age, was 
one of the best classically educated men 
in public life, and composed the Declara- 
tion, which, without his other public ser- 
vices, would have made his name famous. 

The American colonies were represent- 
ed by fifty-eight members in the assem- 

July, 1900. 



blage which met on July 4, 1776, and de- 
cided to adopt the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. As a matter of fact, only the 
president of the assembly, John Han- 
cock, signed the paper on that day. On 
August 2d it was signed by all but one of 
the fifty-six — Matthew Thornton, of New 
Hampshire— who signed in November. 

As to the reason why it was brave : 
The thirteen colonies were subject to En- 
gland. In declaring that they would be 
''absolved from all allegiance to the 
British crown/' they placed themselves 
in rebellion, and if they failed in the 
struggle that must follow, these signers 
of that paper would be regarded as trai- 
tors and treated accordingly. John Han- 
cock, as the paper was being signed, 
said, "We must all hang together." 
"Aye," answered Benjamin Franklin, 
"we must all hang together, else we shall 
all hang separately." 

Some one suggested to Charles Car- 
roll that as there were a great many men 
of that name, if the cause should fail, the 
English would not know which one to 
arrest. "Yes, they will," he said, and 
immediately wrote "of Carrollton" after 
his name. They all understood fully the 
danger, but were proud to meet it, and 
deserve the greatest honor from each 
succeeding generation. 

They were, as a whole, comparatively 
young men, for the average of all was 
only forty-three years and ten months. 
Edward Rutledge, of South Carolina, 
was the •youngest, being but twenty-sev- 
en, and Benjamin Franklin, the oldest, 
was seventy. Five were physicians, 
thirty lawyers, seven farmers, eight mer- 
chants, and two mechanics ; John With- 
erspoon, of New Jersey, was a clergy- 
man ; Abraham Clark, of New Jersey, a 
surveyor; Roger Sherman, of Connecti- 
cut, a shoemaker, and Franklin, a 

Richard Henry Lee, of Virginia, de- 
serves special mention, as he started the 
movement by presenting to the assem- 
bly on June 7, 1776, this resolution : 

"Resolved, That these united colonies 
are, and of right ought to be, free and 
independent States ; that they are ab- 
solved from all allegiance to the British 
crown ; and that all political connection 
between them and the State of Great 
Britain is, and ought to be, dissolved." 

As the mover of this resolution, when 
a committee was appointed he would 
naturally have been made chairman, but 
was called away by illness in his family, 
and Mr. Jefferson was chosen. He 
served later in several Congresses and 
was the first Senator from Virginia. 

A rather remarkable coincidence is 
that Thomas Jefferson, the author of the 
Declaration of Independence, and John 
Adams, one of the signers and its great 
supporter, both afterward President of 
the United States, died on the same day, 
and that Independence Day, 1826. On 
June 30th of that year someone asked 
John Adams, who was then very ill, for 
a toast to be given in his name on the 
Fourth of July. He replied, "Independ- 
ence forever!" When the day came, 
hearing the noise of bells and cannon, he 
asked the cause, and, on being told, he 
murmured, "Independence forever !" and 
before evening was dead. — Christian 


And What Came of It. 


"What are you doing?" Mrs. Giles de- 
manded of Nellie one day a few weeks 
after the first meeting, as she came into 
the room where Nellie was bending over 
something in which she seemed much in- 

"Oh, just fixing Tommy's clothes so 
he'll look well enough to go to our Light 
Bearer's meeting to-morrow afternoon ; 
he doesn't want to w T ear any rags any 
more, he is going to speak a piece and 
" here Nellie stopped suddenly, half- 
started, as she realized to whom she was 
speaking, and looked up expecting an 
outburst of unkind words, but to her 
surprise there was a sad and thoughtful 
expression on her mother's face, which 
she had never seen before, and it seemed 
to soften the hard lines and sullen look, 
the seal which the drink demon always 
places on the innocent victims of his 
curse ! 

"Poor Tommy ; I ain't been any help 
to him, or you, either," she said, slowly, 
"but I've been watching you, and you 
deserve a better mother, and God help- 



July, 1900. 

ing me, you will have one after this." 

The change which had come over the 
children and then the mother was not 
wholly lost to the father, for the grace of 
God reached even him, and the once 
cheerless home became neat, orderly, 
and, though plain, a happy, Christian 
home. Mrs. Norris had noticed Nellie's 
quiet, earnest way and had helped her to 
see that all true success comes through 
Christ, and Christian living. 

It was a pleasant morning in early 
spring, and Ned Norris was sauntering 
toward school when he heard some one 
call his name, and, looking around, he 
saw Alfred Gordon running at full speed 
toward him. 

"Oh, Ned! have you heard — the Jun- 
ior Knights — Jack is hurt, and " he 

panted all out of breath. 

"No, what?" exclaimed Ned, in as- 

"Oh, you know Charlie's big brother 
came home from college for his vaca- 
tion, and he filled Charlie up with stories 
of their initiations in the secret societies 
he belonged to at school, so Charlie 
thought it a fine idea to try some of the 
tricks on the Junior Knights, and last 
night when they were initiating Jack 
Jones he was hurt — his leg's broken and 
something the matter with his head, 
and," he continued, in a half-frightened 
tone, "the doctor is afraid he won't get 
well at all." 

"Oh, dear! isn't that a pity!" Ned ex- 
claimed, sympathetically ; "it ought to 
teach the Junior Knights a lesson, I 
should think." 

"Guess it has already," replied Alfred, 
bluntly ; "half the boys have left — their 
fathers or mothers have made them, and 
Charlie and the boys who helped him fix 
Jack up in such fine style are too scared 
to go on, unless Jack should get well." 

"Say, Alfred," began Ned, slowly, 
"why don't we get the boys to come into 
our society; now is just the time, isn't 

"Of course !" Alfred responded, en- 
thusiastically, "that is exactly what we'll 
do ; some of the boys were beginning to 
get tired of the nonsense they had, and 
will be glad to make a change ; you see 
they can do it now without anv fuss, be- 

cause the Knights are going to smash 
over Jack's accident." 

The boys were near the school yard 
now, and a merry group of girls were 
talking with excited voices, not, as the 
boys supposed, about Jack, but about 
Nellie Giles, and snatches of the conver- 
sation came to them. "Oh, won't it be 
lovely ;" "Nellie always was so faithful, 

and " "and she deserves it," "Wish 

we had been nicer to her," "Such a fine 
place !" 

"Well, I wonder what's going to hap- 
pen now !" and — these words had scarce- 
ly left Alfred's lips when Sadie came 
running over to the boys and confided to 
them the news which so absorbed the 
thoughts of the girls. 

"You know mamma's friend, Mrs. 
Ford, from the city, came to visit us, and 
do you know they sat in the next room 
and listened while we had our Light 
Bearers' meeting last Friday, and Mrs. 
Ford liked Nellie's paper so much, you 
know how nice we all thought it was, 
and mamma told Mrs. Ford all about 
Nellie, and called her in to talk with 
Mrs. Ford, and if you'll believe it, Mrs. 
Ford has written that she wants Nellie 
to come and live with her and go to a 
nice school, and then to college when 
she is ready ! Just think, that beautiful 
house to live in and those two dear little 
girls to help take care of. Fd almost 
like to do it myself!" Sadie finished al- 
most out of breath, and then the bell 
rang, and the school yard was deserted 
and quiet in a very short time. 

Ten years passed and, although the 
boys and girls whom we have been in- 
terested in have grown to young man- 
hood and womanhood, they are still 
Light Bearers and take as much interest 
and pleasure in their meetings as when 
they were children. Now fifty young 
people gather each week and discuss 
topics bearing on all phases of life which 
come to young people. 

This evening Sadie Norris has a let- 
ter from her brother Ned, who is away 
at college, and is reading something 
which holds the close attention of the 
young people. Ned says : 

"W r e are very much distracted to-day 
over a dreadful accident which occurred 
last night. Stanley Ward, a fine young 

July, 1900. 



fellow whom I liked very well, was fa- 
tally injured while being initiated into 
one of the college fraternities. It was a 
reckless performance, just like many 
others in these societies. His poor moth- 
er is nearly crazed. She had come with 
her only boy and at a sacrifice they were 
working together to get an education for 
him, and their hopes were so high. He 
was doing very well, and now — oh, it 
makes me hot with indignation — how 
can the colleges allow these things to live 
and grow, only to blast the hopes of par- 
ents who watch so patiently for the re- 
sults of their toil and self-denial, and to 
hinder the work in every part of college 

"The boys have tried a good many 
tricks to coax me into their traps, but I 
have been kept out and have helped a 
number of my friends to keep out. I 
hadn't talked with Ward about it, but 
did not dream that he was in danger. 

"Jack Gordon goes to the University 
next fall, doesn't he? Tell him to stand 
up for his principles, and be a real light 

Uncle John had come in just in time 
to hear the letter, and in a few earnest 
words he emphasized what Ned had said, 
and every heart felt a new eagerness to 
fight the prince of darkness and to save 
them from his power. 

A few years later, when Ned Norris 
was elected Mayor of the thriving city of 
Milford, there was no secret society in 
the place, and the Light Bearers were 
still true to the ideal which Ned as a 
schoolboy had worked with them to at- 
tain. K. 
(The End.) 

''Christianity is essentially intolerant. 
It may have imitators, but it has no ri- 
vals. It does not enter into competition 
with other faiths of the world; it claims 
to stand alone upon a pinnacle of solitary 
grandeur, of holy pride.'' — New York 

It is just this uncompromising attitude 
of Christianity that justifies testifying 
churches in excluding all adhering Free- 
masons and Odd Fellows from their 
church fellowship. 

have never looked into the principles of 
friendship and charity.— Loyal Guard. 

Yet a good many people have been 
thought good friends, and some have 
been undeniably charitable and liberal 
who were never insured by a lodge and 
who were not admirers of lodees. 


"Under the head of 'Reception and 
Dismissal,' in their report to the Grand 
Lodge, the Trustees of the Ohio Odd 
Fellows' Home make the following sug- 
gestion : 

" Tn this connection we suggest that 
children be placed in good families in 
this jurisdiction, if opportunity is afford- 
ed and proper legal contract made ; also, 
that the Grand Lodge Representatives 
be charged with the duty, under direc- 
tion of the Home Board, of looking after 
the interests of any child in his district, 
so bound.' 

"This is the frigid, cold-blooded prop- 
osition the Trustees of the Ohio Odd 
Fellows' Home make to the Grand 
Lodge !" 

"To be indentured to strangers who may 
or may not be kind and gentle toward 
them ! Children whose mothers are liv- 
ing could have that generous act per- 
formed by the mother, or the lodge could 
do it, without calling upon the Grand 
Lodge of Ohio to assist in their enslave- 

" 'So bound !' What an icy, unfrater- 
nal proposition to be made by a board 
having the care of the children of de- 
ceased Odd Fellows ! Enslave the or- 
phans, which the words mean, that a few 
paltry dollars may be saved ! Why did 
we build a $60,000 Home for our or- 
phans, if they are to be 'bound out.' 'if 
opportunity is afforded ?' Not taken into 
families by adoption, but sent into servi- 
tude — slavery — till maturity shall come 
to release them !" 

The above comments are extracts from 
an editorial in the Odd Fellows' Com- 
panion of June, 1899. 

The enemies of fraternity are those who Greece has 1.889 Masons. 



July, 1900. 



A Dialogue. 

.r. A. — "Keeping secrets is a vice or 
a virtue according to circumstances. One 
cannot be kept ; another must. The same 
secret under some circumstances cannot 
be kept innocently; and under others 
cannot be betrayed without crime." 

Mr. B. — "I would say that the disclos- 
ures of confidences may be either a vice 
or a virtue. If my friend tells me in con- 
fidence of his infirmity and asks my sym- 
pathy, I ought not to disclose it. If he 
tells of a crime for which he is not peni- 
tent, or if his purpose is to commit one, 
I ought not to conceal it. In any case a 
pledge of absolute and unconditional se- 
crecy is always wrong." 

Mr. A. — "Opponents of secret orders 
sometimes appear to go beyond reason 
in treating secrecy itself as the evil com- 
plained of. The real fault of Masonry, 
for example, is not that it keeps secrets, 
but that it has such secrets to keep. The 
evil is not in the act of hiding, but is in 
the thing hidden." 

Mr. B. — "Opponents of secret orders 
may not always be strictly logical, but 
Masonry is wrong, not only for what it 
conceals, but that it requires a pledge 
of absolute and unconditional secrecy. 
Its oath says : 'I will always conceal and 
never reveal.' " 

Mr. A. — "It is true that secrecy can 
become evil when practiced under wrong 
circumstances, when applied to wrong 
things, and when conducted in a wrong 
spirit. It must also be recognized that 
whenever secrecy is made the leading 
idea, becomes the central feature of or- 
ganization, and takes the position of a 
cardinal principle, it is almost invariably 
associated with something reprehensible, 
and is well nigh certain to develop some 
injurious outcome." 

Mr. B. — "This proposition may pass 
without comment, except to say that it 
concedes the evil of absolute secrecy." 

Mr. A. — 'This, however, is not a true 
warrant for such an assertion as that : 
'No one has a right to either give or re- 
ceive a secret ; secret things belong to 
God.' The assertion is untrue and the 
Scriptural quotation is as inapplicable 
as one of the ten commandments or a 

beatitude. Such a remark injures rather 
than helps the cause it attempts to sup- 
port ; because, for one thing, it is trans- 
parently fanciful, and for another, it ob- 
viously wrests the Scripture." 

Mr. B. — "This proposition is mislead- 
ing. No one has a right to give or re- 
ceive an absolute secret and a secret that 
is not absolute is not a secret in the sense 
quoted above. Because a promise of 
such secrecy may involve the promise to 
conceal wrong-doing, it is a promise I 
have no right to make or to ask others 
to make." (Lev. 5 : 4.) 

Mr. A. — "Another text is often misap- 
plied. Again and again we encounter 
the words of Jesus : Tn secret have I 
said nothing.' One has but to turn to 
the gospel to see the force of his argu- 
ment. But that argument was not to 
prove anything that could be inconsistent 
with the charge: 'See thou tell no man;'' 
or with the seal of silence set temporar- 
ily on the lips of the twelve when he 
'charged them straightly that they should 
tell no man ;' or with the frank admis- 
sion : 'Unto you it is given to know the 
mysteries ;' or with his revelation of 
things to a few which were not revealed 
to the many, and which had been kept 
'secret from the foundation of the 
world.' " 

Mr. B. — "The statement of our Lord 
that 'in secret have I said nothing,' may 
have been sometimes misapplied, but it 
surely proves that He had no secret doc- 
trine and that all of His teachings were 
open to investigation. That is not true 
of any secret society. No secret order 
says, 'Ask our disciples. They know 
what we do.' It is true that he told his 
disciples that, for a time, they were not 
to tell some things he had told them, but 
he also said 'there is nothing covered 
that shall not be revealed ; neither hid 
that shall be known. What I tell you in 
darkness that speak ye in the light ; and 
what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye 
upon the housetops.' " (Math. 15 : 26, 2"/.} 

Mr. A. : "To keep proper secrets under 
proper circumstances is a virtue; to com- 
municate proper secrets to the proper 
person is a duty; and to hold the con- 
trary betrays inadvertence, or folly, or 
fanaticism. Our aim must be at a secret, 
and not at bare abstract secrecy, if we 

July. 1900. 



are to win allies possessed of common 

Mr. B. : "I would amend this proposi- 
tion by saying that to keep proper con- 
fidences under proper circumstances is 
a duty and to disclose improper secrets 
is also a virtue, but in no case ought a 
pledge of unconditional secrecy to be 
taken or asked for. It may involve sin." 


Rev. J. W. Francis, pastor Presby- 
terian Church at. South Evanston, said : 

"It doesn't seem it should be so, yet I 
fear that oath-bound societies are more 
harmful than helpful to our churches, 
and our homes. Whether so intended or 
not. many men trust in the religion of 
the lodge rather than in Christ for salva- 
tion. I would advise men to keep out of 
secret societies." 

Rev. A. Peters, pastor German M. E. 
Church, said : 

"We don't believe in the principles of 
secret societies. We would prohibit our 
pastors from joining secret orders, but 
do not bar laymen who are members of 
secret societies from our church fold. 
Have never known the religion or mor- 
als of a man improved by his connection 
with the order." 

Rev. J. A. Mulfinger, pastor German 
M. E. Church, said : 

"I find it very hard to meet the irre- 
ligious who are tied up in lodges. They 
seem to think that their lodge will save 

Rev. J. G. Fidder, pastor of the Uni- 
ted Evangelical Church, corner Diversey 
and Best avenues, said: 

"Our denomination does not bar se- 
cret society men from our membership. 
I have never known connection with se- 
cret orders to be helpful to a man spirit- 
ually. I have always observed that good 
lodge men are poor church men. and de- 
voted Christians make poor lodge mem- 

Rev. G. E. Duncan, pastor Bethesda 
Baptist Church (colored), said: 

"How can a society made up largely 

of ungodly men be helpful to the church 
of Christ?" 

Rev. Peter Errickson, pastor Danish 
Lutheran Church, belongs to no secret 
societies himself, but thinks he may have 
some in his church who belong to secret 
orders. Says his observation is that few 
men in the lodge care much for the 
church and often drop out entirely. 

Rev. J. Meier, pastor First German 
Baptist Church, said : 

"We are against secret societies be- 
cause so far as they have a religion it is 
of their own making and not according 
to the Bible. Anything that is good 
should not be kept permanently in the 
dark. We advise young men to keep out 
of secret societies." 

Rev. H. Succup, pastor St. John's 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, said : 

"The secret orders which exert the 
greatest influence acknowledge no triune 
God — they reject the Son. Of course a 
Christian can have nothing to do with 

Rev. Henry Heintze, pastor Second 
Evangelical Association Church, corner 
Sedgwick and Wisconsin streets, said: 

"We, as a church, have no fellowship 
with oath-bound secrecy. They are no 

Rev. John Bendix, pastor Ravenswood 
Swedish M. E. Church, said : 

"We, like our American brethren of 
the Methodist Church, do not interfere 
with the freedom of our members : they 
may or may not belong to secret socie- 
ties. I do not belong to any secret or- 
ganization, but have no quarrel with 
those who do. There is nothing about 
the religion of these orders that would 
save a man, though many say. Tt is good 
enough for me.' " 

Rev. Philip Matsinger, pastor Presby- 
terian Church, said : 

"I do not belong to any secret order, 
for I have not been able to see that it 
would help me in my church work. So 
far as I have examined their manuals. I 
do not think they are founded on New 
Testament teachings." 



July, 1900. 

Rev. F. M. Johnson, pastor Swedish 
Mission, said : 

"Secret societies are a danger to 
church and home. Their religion is a 
Christless formality. No Christian 
should have anvthing to do with them." 

Rev. Robt. Farmer, pastor Evangelical 
Lutheran Church, said it was so well un- 
derstood that they would receive into 
their church no members of secret or- 
ders, that they never have applications. 

Rev. G. M. Hallwachs, pastor Even- 
gelical Church, said: 

"We as a denomination do not fellow- 
ship members who belong to secret so- 
cieties. They nearly all seem to have a 
religion that is counterfeit and mislead- 
ing. I once belonged to a secret order 
but left it as soon as my eyes were open 
to the truth. I advise men to keep out of 

©550 mt& tttte* 

"-Why doesn't Adelaide bring in the 
turkey ?" 'demanded the professor, who 
sat waiting, carving knife in hand. 

Xo response. A premonition of im- 
pending trouble hung over the company. 

"Why has Adelaide delayed?" he 
asked. "Is there no one to aid Ade- 

"I wonder," mused one of the younger 
members of the group, "if the egg from 
which this turkey was hatched was A. D. 
laid." — Chicago Tribune. 

"How about the loan of ioo marks that 
you were to have returned to me six 
weeks ago?" 

4 T wanted to return it then, sir, but 
you had just met with a bereavement. 
How could I break in on your deep grief 
with so cheerful an announcement?" — 
Fliegende Blaetter. 

Ma — "Did you see the Duchess at the 
reception ?" 

Little Elsie— "I think I did." 

"How did you know her?" 

"Oh, I just picked out the Dutchest 
looking lady there." 

Hero* of ®mr Po4 

Rev. J. Groen, one of our corporate 
members, was Fraternal Delegate from 
our Association to the Holland Christian 
Reform Church General Synod, which 
met at Grand Rapids, Mich., on June 20 

Mr. J. M. Hitchcock visited the Mis- 
souri Synod Conference of German Lu- 
therans, which met in Chicago last June. 
He was very cordially received and dis- 
tributed literature amounting to about 
sixty thousand pages. He then went to 
New York State and labored in Otsego 
County. We shall look for his report in 
the August number. 

The reports of Revs. P. B. Williams 
and W. B. Stoddard and O. T. Lee and 
Air. S. A. Scarvie speak for themselves. 

Rev. John Collins, our Methodist 
brother from New Hampshire, who 
sowed the truth so wisely and persistent- 
ly in the M. E. General Conference, has 
returned East, taking with him about for- 
ty pounds of our literature, which he will 
scatter this summer in conferences and 
religious gatherings. His report in this 
number on the Methodist Bishops is in- 
teresting, and will well repay reading. 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard, in a printed let- 
ter, says : "The Boston 'Arabs,' or Shrin- 
ers, left here on the Sabbath with blare 
and bluster, to join Bro. McKinley and 
other Shriner hordes in Washington. 

"Possibly it may prove a boom for Mc- 
Ivinley's second term, but it may be a 
boomerang: !" 

Rev. E. L. S. Tressel, 1105 East Fay- 
ette street, Baltimore, Md., is the man 
who recently had such a time with the 
Daughters of America in his church. I 
mailed you a clipping from the Lutheran 
Standard giving the account. He is to 
preach for four Sabbath evenings to 
come on the lodge. He will consider, 
first evening, The Oaths ; second even- 
ing, The Secrecy; third evening, The Re- 
ligion ; fourth evening, Charity. 

W. B. S. 

July, 1900. 



Mr. A. J. Millard, of Little Rock, Ark., 
has been doing good work, lecturing on 
the lodge. He had been assisted by 
Eld. J. H. Nelser. Bro. Millard spoke 
on the general theme, "Ought Christians 
to Belong to Lodges?" It is said that 
he had good attendance. We wish that 
he himself would write up an account of 
his meetings. 

Rev. H. Goodacre, Redwood Falls, 
Minn., has begun the good and needed 
work in his own congregation. The X. 
C. A. has been glad to extend to him a 
helping hand. The same is true of pas- 
tors in Svea, and also in Kandiyohi, 

A Swedish Lutheran pastor writes that 
seven of his members joined the lodge, 
but that five of them have been recov- 
ered ; two, however, had to be expelled. 
Such faithfulness honors Christ and 
keeps the church in his fellowship. 

We were glad to welcome at the N. 
C. A. headquarters Rev. John Harper, 
pastor U. P. Church, Smithville, 111. ; 
Rev. John D. Nutting, Secretary, Utah 
Gospel Mission ; Judge Bent, now of 
Chicago ; Rev. Edward Mathews, well 
known to many of our readers as a for- 
mer lecturer for the N. C. A. ; Rev. I. 
Bender, member of the U. B. Publish- 
ing Committee, made a very pleasant 
stop on his way home to Leaf River, 111. 
Among those who called on us during 
the U. P. General Assembly were Rev. 
J. S. Trumball, of Kansas, and our friend, 
Rev. J. B. Galloway, of Poynette, Wis- 

The August number of the Cynosure 
will have several articles on the "Grand 
Army of the Republic," which begins its 
national encampment in Chicago on Sun- 
day, August 26th, and closes Thursday, 
August 30th. W T e shall be glad to hear 
from many of the old soldiers of the civil 
war, as to their experience in or out of 
the G. A. R. 


The following resolution was adopted 
by the Union at their county convention 
in Naperville, 111., in May, 1900 : 

"Resolved, That we look with disfavor 

upon the rapidly increasing number of 
societies, secret or otherwise, that tend 
to draw time and strength from the more 
important work of the church and W. C. 
T. U. and other reform work which 
should command attention of every 
Christian worker in the land." 

Xot far from the Cynosure office a 
contractor built a stockade, or tight 
fence, around his nonunion men, slept 
them and fed them within this defense, 
and threatened to shoot any man at- 
tempting to scale it. He had to furnish 
his own protection ; for weeks and weeks 
the city government has half-heartedly, 
or not at all, protected citizens in their 
constitutional rights. 

The same condition of things has ex- 
isted in St. Louis, where working girls 
for simply riding on the street cars have 
been attacked and had their clothes 
stripped from them, leaving them naked 
in the streets. Nothing is more import- 
ant than that law and order be maintain- 
ed, and nothing would be more salutarv 
in these cities at the present time than 
officers of the law free from secret lodge 
obligations and political affiliations with 
Union Labor anarchists. 


I send greetings to the many friends 
and especially to the "old guard" of the 
National Christian Association, who have 
made me their standard bearer for anoth- 
er year. Brothers, I feel that I am tread- 
ing where the. saints have trod, and I 
crave a place in your hearts and homes 
and prayers, that God may be with me 
and his benediction rest upon me for 
service, and that you may open doors for 
me in this great work — I hold myself 
your servant for Christ's sake. I pray 
that the opening year of our work may 
be a blessedly fruitful year, and if you or 
I shall be called to the Father's presence, 
that we may fall with our faces toward 
the King. Your President. 

Samuel H. Swartz. 


Rev. John Collins is an M. E. minister 
of Somersworth, N. H. He has been a 
pastor in the Methodist Church for some 



July, 1900. 

two score of years. He was a visiting 
member of the M. E. General Confer- 
ence, and he interviewed every Bishop 
of the Methodist Church, as well as 
many of the leading ministers, on Ma- 
sonry. He also distributed some 3,000 
pages of our literature among the dele- 
gates. Bro. Collins is himself a seced- 
ing Mason. 

He asked each of the following named 
if they were Freemasons, and, their re- 
plies are given herein. 

Bishop Bowman said that he was 
made a Mason when a young man, but 
found that it interfered with his work, 
and "I left it." 

Bishop Goodsell replied in about the 
same words as Bishop Bowman, except 
his last remark was that he had not been 
in a Masonic lodge for forty years. 

Bishop McCabe said that he was not a 
Mason. Bishop Thoburn declared that 
he was not a Mason. Bishop Andrews 
also said that he was not a Mason. Bish- 
op Warren said : "I am not a Mason," 
and Bishop Malalieu and Bishop Fitz- 
Cerald added their testimony to the fore- 
going as never having been Masons. 

Bishop Merrill was asked if he was a 
Mason, but after hemming, would not 
answer. Bishop Hurst was another who 
held on to his Masonic jewel — the si- 
lent tongue — and would not answer the 


required Bro. Collins not 

to publish his name, and said that he had 
not been in a lodge for fifteen or twenty 
years. He said a young man asked his 
advice and he told him not to join. 

Bishop Walden said : "Yes, I am a 
Mason, and I attend a lodge once a 

Bishop Moore, newly elected, said: 
"In its place Masonry is an excellent 

Bishop Hamilton answered that he 
was once a Mason, but that he had had 
nothing to do with it for many years. 

Bishop Hartzell, of Africa: "I gave 
it up years ago." He said that he had 
found Masonry among the Africans. 

Bishop Warner, of India, said that he 
was not a Mason, and did not know one 
of his missionaries who was a Mason, 
but he found Masons among the heathen. 
Bishop Parker, who is also Bishop in 
India and of Malasia, is not a Mason, 

but said that he found members of the 
Masonic order among the heathen. 

Rev. Dr. Robertson, fraternal delegate 
from the Methodist church in Ireland, 
said, in answer to the question, "Are you 
a Mason:" "No, thank God, I am not!" 

Rev. Dr. Allen, fraternal delegate from 
England, is not a Mason, and said but 
few of the Methodist ministers of En- 
gland are Masons. 

Rev. Dr. Berry, editor of Epworth 
Herald, said that he had been a Mason, 
but that he got out long ago. The edi- 
tor of the Sunday School Publications, 
Rev. Dr. Hurburt, said that he was not 
a Mason. One of the New York pub- 
lishing agents, Rev. Dr. Mains, said that 
he had not been in a lodge for twenty 

With a few exceptions those interview- 
ed by Bro. Collins seemed to desire to 
have it understood that they had aban- 
doned Masonry. 


Northwood, Iowa, June 9, 1900. 

I have attended the synod of our Wis- 
consin district, which was largely attend- 
ed. Two evenings were set aside for 
discussion on secret societies. I deliv- 
ered a lecture on the first evening. There 
was no opposition. The second evening 
there was to be a discussion. It was a 
one-sided affair, as no one defended the 
lodges. A Mason, who had left the 
lodge, thanked me for the testimony that 
I had given. He said it was all right. 
The meetings were largely attended. A 
number of anti-secret society publica- 
tions were disposed of. I have lately 
sent out a number of Modern Woodmen 
rituals, having made reference to this in 
a Norwegian paper. 

Next week I go to Hills, Minn., where 
the Iowa district of Synod (Lutheran) 
convenes. A part of the time will be 
devoted to discussion on secret societies. 

Rev. A. J. Lee, pf Lake Mills, will lead 
in the discussion. 

June 14, 1900. 

According to the program the Iowa 
district of the Norwegian Synod which 
convened at Hills, Minn., this month, 
took up the discussion of secret societies. 
Rev. A. J. Lee, of Lake Mills, read a pa- 


July, 1900. 


per two hours long, and a general dis- 
cussion followed. 

Some strong testimony was given 
against secretism. Several favored the 
plan of sending out an emissary, or lec- 
turer. Others urged that it was neces- 
sary for every minister to post up so as 
to be able to meet the enemy in public 
and private. 

The Synod instructed Rev. Lee to 
have his lecture printed in pamphlet 
form. This will undoubtedly be done. 
Several books from your publishing 
house were disposed of. 

(Rev.) O. T. Lee. 


Knoxville, Tenn., Maq 21, 1900. 
Win. I. Phillips, Gen. Sec. : I received 
the tracts and was very much pleased 
with them, and have given them to some 
of my friends, in whom much interest in 
the subject was awakened, many express- 
ing surprise that a person or an organi- 
zation should take a stand against a se- 
cret society, for they had always heard 
that the lodge was a good thing for ev- 
erybody. I might say, that I am a young 
colored man, and every day I can see 
the evil effects of secret organizations 
among our people. I am resolved to 
lend my influence to discourage my 
friends from joining. 

Robt. J. Evans. 



At Rockville, Ind., I tried for three 
days to find a place to speak, but failed. 
I interviewed a few pastors and minis- 
ters. Dr. Colville, of the M. E. Church, 
said : "I do not know enough about the 
workings of the lodges to be able to say 
whether they are a benefit or not." 

I came back to the city after sowing 
Rockville and Belmore down with our 
tracts, and spoke Monday night, the 7th, 
with Dr. Blanchard, in the Moody 
Church. Notwithstanding a very heavy 
rain and thunder storm, more than three 
hundred and fifty persons greeted us and 
listened to our words with marked atten- 
tion and interest. 

After the regular speakers, Captain 

Taylor, a seceding Odd Fellow, took the 
stand, and gave some of his experiences 
before and after he left the lodge. At 
this meeting a 32d degree Freemason 
exhibited his badge, which he had recent- 
ly taken off and gave up the lodge for 
Christ's sake. 

On Tuesday night, the 8th, I spoke to 
a small audience in the Free Methodist 
Church at Harvey, Rev. F. M. Campbell, 
pastor. It rained and kept some away. 

I was asked to remain and speak again 
Wednesday night, and I had quite a re- 
spectable audience. Secured four sub- 
scribers to the Cynosure. 

At night the writer and Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard spoke in the Swedish Lutheran 
Church, Rev. Dr. Sandahl, pastor. The 
gathering was not large, but interesting. 
All present seemed to think this the best 
convention ever held by the association. 
P. B. Williams, Field Agent. 

Billings, Okla., May 17, 1900. 

Dear Editor : My lot is cast in the 
providence of God for a short time down 
in this beautiful country. In settling up 
the "Strip" hardships were endured, as in 
all such enterprises, and every new coun- 
try has its own peculiar hardships, such 
as are found no place else. This is best 
understood by those who passed through 
them. But now this land is fast ranging 
up to the conditions of a well-settled 
country. It is above all things else a 
wheat country, the good corn is raised in 
the bottom lands. The prospect for wheat 
this year is unexampled in the history of 
the "Strip," and then comes the good 
news that the "Free Homes Bill" has 
passed both houses and simply waits the 
President's signature. That simple fact 
will do much for the advancement of this 

I am preaching every Sabbath day, and 
am also preaching some evening every 
week in the town of Billings, not far 
away. It is on the terminus of the re- 
cently projected branch of the Rock Isl- 
land, running from Enid to Tonkawa. It 
is expected that it will be pushed on to 
Tonkawa in the coming fall. Billings is 
a typical Western town of rapid growth, 
when conditions demand it. The railroad 
came here last October, and the town 
was started on Oct. 23d, and is now a 



July, 1900. 

town of 700, with all the appurtenances of 
a town, not omitting three saloons and 
several secret societies. With all these 
is found the usual fear to say anything 
against the saloons, for fear of hurting 
business, and also the superstitious awe 
of secret societies that "these things can- 
not be spoken against." It was remark- 
ed soon after I came here that we should 
have a temperance meeting, and so we 
did have one in the hall in town. I no- 
ticed in the paper of the town a call by 
some of the Freemasons upon all breth- 
ren of the "mystic tie" within the bounds 
of Billings to come to an appointed place 
on an appointed evening for the purpose 
of organizing a Masonic lodge. I took 
occasion to remark to our brethren that 
now, at the foundation of things, when 
the secret societies were gathering their 
flocks together, it would be a good time 
to give free expression to our minds in 
the other direction, as this is a free coun- 
try. The suggestion was taken up and 
the hall was secured, and I have now 
given three addresses on some phase of 
secret societies or on some secret so- 
ciety, and I had intended to give an- 
other on Wednesday of this week, on 
Odd Fellowship, but it was too wet. I 
hope to give another address or two be- 
fore the first of June. Every one of 
these addresses is a sermon, a preaching 
of the gospel, and I consider it a very 
much-needed preaching. 

On the first evening, I addressed them 
on "The Evils of Secret Societies." Hav- 
ing a typewriter, I knocked off my own 
posters for each evening, from twelve to 
twenty, and a friend posted them up for 
us over town, on the day on which I was 
giving the address. My friend, Geo. 
McFarland, did this work very efficient- 
ly. He got permission from some easily 
and others refused him permission to 
post in their place of business. This 
gave opportunity for friendly but point- 
ed discussion of the question. 

Though our audiences were not large, 
yet considerable interest was awakened 
from the first. Some had heard of the 
movement against secret societies, but 
some had never heard secret societies 
spoken against, and really thought that 
there is nothing to be said against thern. 
I charged it home on the preachers and 
Christian men in general that there is 

such ignorance on this subject. I press- 
ed the following points : 

The spirit of secretism is contrary to 
the true spirit of openness,, candor and 
frankness among men. 

These societies are on a basis contrary 
to Scripture. 

They are at variance with the true 
spirit of brotherhood among men. 

They are constantly indulging in false 
swearing and promising contrary to 
Scripture and common sense before one 
knows what it is. 

They cater to foolish and hurtful 

They have foolish and wicked initia- 

They make false claims of charity. 

Many of these societies are based on 
p. false insurance basis. 

Their religion is false. 

These form the points of my first lec- 
ture. I talked "for better or for worse" 
for an hour. Nearly all stayed for the 
,end. On the second evening I gave an 
address on "The Character and Claims 
of Freemasonry." That evening I talked 
for an hour and three-quarters and had 
,for the most part good order. Some 
"Jack Masons" did some groaning, and 
I sympathized with them and their mas- 
ters. But I had the attention of the 
rnost,.and when I proposed to stop at an 
hour and a half they told me to go on. 

On the third evening I gave them an 
address on "Some Further Strictures on 
Freemasonry." Had good attention and 
spoke to them at some length on that. 
There are many interesting incidents 
connected with the result. The usual 
black thing was sprung that I had been 
black-balled and hence was disgruntled. 
The second evening then I made one 
of my points against the lodge of Mason- 
ry, that it trains men in detraction and 
defamation of character. If a Mason 
leaves them and exposes them, they ob- 
ligate themselves to do that; but if a 
man like myself comes in and works 
against the lodge, and they do not know 
whether he is a seceding Mason or not, 
they "black-ball" him anyway, free 
gratis. This was bandied round on the 
street, not by your low-down scullion, 
but by your pious class-leader. One Ma- 
son averred that he was sure that Ma- 
sonry is a good thing, because he was 


July, 1900. 



once in battle and an enemy was just 
ready to kill him, but he gave the enemy 
the grand hailing sign and how he spared 
his life ! He is a living witness that it 
is a good thing. In my second lecture I 
proposed this situation : Suppose that 
my friend here had been in the prisoner's 
chair in our court of justice, and this 
other man had been in the jury box, and 
^ my friend here had given him the grand 
hailing sign, what would have been the 
' result ? What has this man in the jury 
box sworn to do in the case of such sign 
being given him ? Have not the soldier 
• and man in the jury box taken the same 
oath? If the soldier will do it, will not 
the other man do it ? After all, the most 
precious jewel of a Mason is loud si- 
lence ; for he seldom opens his mouth in 
defense of the the lodge without putting 
his foot in it. Wm. C. Paden. 


Washington, D. C, June 15, 1900. 

Dear Cynosure : God has been gra- 
cious and we are still permitted to pros- 
ecute the work entrusted to our care. 
The past months have brought much of 
blessing. While there is necessarily 
much of sameness there are always new 
phases. The interest and the knowledge 
that we are helping keeps from monot- 

When en route to the annual meeting 
the stops by the way at points in Ohio 
brought cheer and encouragement. I 
was permitted to give addresses at sev- 
eral places. 

The annual meeting was as ever a 
stimulus to activity. It is truly a blessed 
thing to be associated with consecrated 
ones in a noble Christian work. I am 
jusj: home from an eighteen days' trip 
in Maryland and Central Pennsylvania. 
My visits were in Baltimore City, then 
along the Northern Central to Stewarts- 
town, York, Harrisburg, and Steelton. 
Then branching off, I ran over to Eliza- 
bethtown, Salunga, Lancaster, Lititz, 
Millersville, and Ouarrysville, Lancaster 
County, then along the main line of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, visiting Port 
Royal, McCoysville, Huntingdon, Al- 
toona, and Johnstown, Pa. Returning 
via Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, visit- 

ing Myersdale, Salisbury, Tub and Ber- 
lin, Pennsylvania; also Grantsville, 
Maryland. In most of these towns and 
cities I have delivered lectures. In all I 
found friends willing to encourage. 
Much literature was circulated. My list 
of subscriptions to the Cynosure was 
quite a little larger than that taken dur- 
ing the same period last year. In Balti- 
more I found many of the Lutherans 
wide awake. The unbecoming actions 
of a lodge of women calling themselves 
"patriotic," at a funeral, awakened more 
than the usual interest in our work. 
Rev. Tressel was announced to speak for 
four consecutive Sabbath evenings, on 
phases of the lodge question. His peo- 
ple, as those of the Ohio Synod general- 
ly, are a unit in their opposition to the 
lodge. Your agent is invited to preach 
and lecture in the North Avenue U. P. 
Church of this city, at a near date. Two 
addresses were given in the United Pres- 
byterian Churches in Lancaster County, 
Pennsylvania. As these churches are 
thirteen miles distant, the fast horse of 
the pastor, Rev. Boice, did us good ser- 
vice in reaching the appointment. The 
church known as "Muddy Creek Run" 
has been greatly revived and strength- 
ened during the winter. New friends 
were found in most of the places visited. 
Were there time I should write of sev- 
eral. One who but recently heard of our 
movement said he never felt so near hell 
in his life as the night he was initiated 
into the K. of P. lodge ; though not a 
Christian at the time, he had respect for 
Christianity. He has since united with 
the church and does not fail to let his 
light shine, much to the discomfort of 
some in his church who adhere to the 
lodge. He reads the Cynosure and will 
try and arrange meetings for your agent. 
Friends at Steelton and Oberlin, Pa., 
contributed in our support and asked for 
meetings in the near future. 

We found much of push and sunshine 
at the Huntingdon German Baptist Col- 
lege. Some of the professors were ab- 
sent at annual meeting, but those re- 
maining had a welcome and words of 
cheer for your agent. I have been priv- 
ileged to address the students here on 
different occasions. Some who are re- 
turning home promise to try and arrange 
for me to visit their neighborhoods. This 



July, 1900. 

school has had much to encourage this 
year. Its president has recently been 
appointed by the President of the United 
States to take charge of instruction in 
Porto Rico. President Brumbaugh 
started at the bottom, and while nature 
has done something for him, hard, per- 
sistent work has done more. His suc- 
cess should be an encouragement to all 
struggling young men who are seeking 
the best. 

A very pleasant evening was spent 
three miles over the hills from Altoona, 
W T ith an aged brother, who has been with 
us in sentiment during life, but who only 
learned of the N. C. A. movement re- 
cently. He sent for the Cynosure when 
he chanced to see a copy. Give out your 
papers, friends, you don't know how 
much good may be accomplished by 
their circulation. I ran in on our friends 
at Tub, Pa., without previous notice. 

My welcome was royal. The tele- 
phone was used and meetings an- 
nounced. I spoke in the Tub Mennonite 
Church once and in the Casselman Men- 
nonite Church, near Grantsville, Mary- 
land, twice. When at these churches last 
I secured some fourteen subscriptions to 
the Cynosure. I secured twenty-five this 
trip in about the same length of time. 
Our congregations were large. The peo- 
ple in this section are not troubled much 
by lodges, but they know of their evil 
effect in other places. My letter is al- 
ready long and I must stop. 

W. B. Stoddard. 


Since your June number went to press 
I have spoken (May 20) to the three con- 
gregations of Rev. Rorvik of Hillsboro, 
N. Dak. We had good meetings ; the 
pastor was very enthusiastic. 

After my lecture at Henderson, Minn., 
May 22d, we had quite a lively discus- 
sion, mainly on the question of the lodge 
oath. A Presbyterian minister (?) claim- 
ed that the oath was legal, as the lodge 
officers had delegated power from the 
State to administer oaths. It is surpris- 
ing that one bearing the name of minis- 
ter of the gospel can display such ignor- 
ance. The lodge members showed their 
spirit, as usual, by trying to raise a row, 

but did not succeed very well. The pas- 
tor of the church, Rev. J. M. O. Ness, 
is a consistent, able worker against se- 
crecy, and well posted. 

The next evening we had a good meet- 
ing at Perley, Minn. There was also 
some discussion, but everything was or- 
derly. One lodge member said that they 
"made a bad mistake in discussing the 
question. It would have been much bet- 
ter not to have said a word." 

While waiting for the train there in 
the evening, two views were presented to 
me : One man said I was a perjurer, a 
man who could not be trusted ; the other 
said the "Woodmen could not be called 
a secret society," thus both admitting 
that I had spoken the truth. 

May 26 and 27 I spoke in Rev. Wis- 
ner's three congregations. He has done 
excellent work against the lodge, suc- 
ceeding in breaking up a camp of M. W. 
A., which was being organized in his 
nearest town, Hickson, N. D. 

May 28 and 29 meetings were held in 
two of Rev. Monson's church. He is 
also thoroughly posted and an effectual 
worker against secrecy. 

The remaining two days of May I 
spoke in Rev. Skattebol's congregations, 
in Kindred and Walcott, N. D. No op- 
position worth mentioning. 

A very pleasant meeting was held in 
Holland congregation, south of Tracy, 
Minn., June 4. Rev. H. Magelsen is the 
minister there, a -successful worker 
against the lodge. One church member 
was a Woodman, and we had a friendly 
discussion, which I hope may prove use- 

At Porter, Minn., June 5th, we were 
confronted with a refusal of any house to 
speak in, and had to resort to a grove. 
The hall was owned by a Woodman, who 
rented it for dances, etc., at $5, but asked 
$10 for a lecture, practically saying that 
he would not rent it for that purpose. 
The minister was also afraid of opening 
the church, because of raising an agita- 
tion. It is to be deplored that some of 
our Lutheran ministers are afraid to 
take a definite stand on this question. 

Despite unfavorable indications, we 
had two very successful meetings here. 
In the afternoon I spoke in the Norwe- 
gian language, and in a grove. After I 
was through a search was made for a 

July, 1900. 



place for the evening, and a machine hall 
was finally secured. Here I spoke .in the 
English language. Both meetings were 
attended by quiet, appreciative audi- 
ences. To-day I go to Hills, Minn., to 
attend the synod meeting. Yours, etc., 

S. A. Scarvie. 



Editor Cynosure : More than a month 
ago I received a letter from Rev. W. J. 
Byers, Van Orin, 111., saying : "The 
Modern Woodmen of La Moille, 111., 
will give you ten dollars and a hall to 
speak in, if you will come there and de- 
liver an address on secret societies. 
Please address John Whiting, La Moille, 

I answered Rev. Byers at once, enclos- 
ing to him a copy of my letter to Mr. 

In this letter to Mr. W. I thanked him 
very kindly for his offer, notified him 
that I was billed up to June 12th, and 
they should fix their date after the 12th, 
and deposit the ten dollars with Rev. 
W. J. Byers. Quite a little time elapsed 
before I heard from him. In his letter 
he said : "Last lodge night we were too 
busy to arrange for your lecture, but will 
do it when we meet this week. I sup- 
pose Rev. Byers told you who I am. I 
think you can do a good deal of good in 
this neck of the woods if you confine 
yourseif to the secrecy of the Modern 

To this I replied immediately : "I am 
glad you will fix a date for me to speak 
at your place on secret societies. I am 
not concerned as to who you are, or your 
motive in having me come and lecture. 
My business will be to fill my part of the 
contract, after you have arranged the 
date and deposited the ten dollars as per 
request in my first letter. Neither you 
nor your order will be expected to dic- 
tate the line of thought I shall pursue on 
that occasion. 

"I will be in Ohio till the 12th, but 
will very cheerfully come all the way 
from there to speak at your place, pro- 
viding you are not too slow about fixing 
date for the address." I have waited till 

June 19th for an answer to this, and 
reasonably concluded that it was only a 
bluff, and at the same time think we 
have met the bluffer in a kind, Christian 
manner, and given all he wants. 

I hear so much of this lodge bombast, 
of "doing them good, by our lectures," 
If they are sincere, and honest, why do 
they not come to time and at least make 
appointments for us to speak if they can- 
not pay us, as this lodge agreed to do. 

Good to them is what we sincerely 
desire. If they want the good we bring 
them, let them say so, and fix their 
dates, and "come to time." We warrant 
them that we will not withhold the good. 
And when they want any more, we guar- 
antee them to return and give a second 
installment of the same kind. 



"Therefore be ye also ready; for in 
such an hour as ye think not the Son of 
man cometh." — Matt. 24: 44. 

Phebe Learn, wife of (Rev.) James A. 
Learn, who suddenly, though peacefully, 
departed this life March 13, 1900, aged 
51 years, has gone to the heavenly re- 

She leaves a husband and one sister in 
Canada, a brother in Michigan, and a 
brother in Chicago, to deeply mourn the 
absence of their loved one. 

For twenty-eight years she faithfully 
read and appreciated the Christian Cyno- 
sure, and after reading it was always 
more than a pleasuse to her to give 
or send it with Cynosure tracts to others. 
She joined a temperance lodge when 
young and thought it a good angel ; but 
when she came to learn its real influence, 
she saw that it is one of an organized 
system with Masonry at the head, and 
she was then forever done with the whole 
brood of lodges, ever ready to throw her 
influence against the miserable system of 
iniquity. When her husband was led of 
the spirit to preach a sermon on the 
lodge subject, she appeared pleased and 
she held up his hands by her prayers, was 
anxious for him to hit it hard ; she be- 



July, 1900. 

lieved that if the smith was to produce ef- 
fect upon the iron, he must "strike until 
the sparks fly." 

Irom §m JKatL 


Dear Brother Phillips : After the close 
of our annual meeting in May I was so 
engaged in attending the General Con- 
ference of our church that I did not find 
time to speak to the many friends of the 
National Christian Association in your 
June number, and while I feel it late, yet 
I want to say, that I enjoyed to the full 
our splendid convention. Its spirit and 
work was Christ-like. Indeed, He was 
manifestly in the midst, and we felt His 
blessed power in our hearts. All the de- 
liberations were kind and Christian as 
well as intensely loyal to the truth. 

I am sure that while we waited in 
council and prayer, we came into closer 
touch each with the other, and all with 
the Christ, and that we went out from 
that upper room to do more faithful and 
efficient service for the Master and the 
world of sin about us — because of the 
new inspiration. Samuel H. Swartz. 

Plainfield, 111. 


I received the notice of your annual 
meeting a day or so before it took place. 
I was at Bellefontaine, Ohio, but could 
not arrange to come. Our reforms all 
move slowly, but there is nothing to fear 
in the outcome. We know the Lord is 
with us and he will bring them to pass. 
God and secret fraternities must forever 
be on opposite sides. Wishing you 
abundant success in your good work, I 
am, very truly and fraternally, 

H. H. George. 


Allegheny, Pa., June 14, 1900. 
Mr. W. I. Phillips— My Dear Brother : 

I was at the U. P. General Assembly 
in Chicago, and had fully expected to 

pay a visit at the office of the Cynosure 
while there, but found it impossible to 
do so during the meetings of the Assem- 
bly, and after the close of the Assembly 
I hastened home on account of the state 
of my wife's health, about which I was 
quite solicitous, though I did not appre- 
hend that she was so near death. She de- 
parted on Thursday, the 7th inst. She V 
has been my counsellor and helper for a- 
little more than fifty-one years. She was 
a zealous friend of the anti-secret reform,, 
as she and her father before her was of 
the anti-slavery. I need not say that I 
am deeply and painfully bereaved. I 
have great reason to thank the Lord that 
He gave me such a noble, Christian wife,, 
and has spared her with me so long, and! 
that now I have the comforting assur- 
ance that my loss is her exceeding great 
gain. But I must not dwell on this sub- 

It seems to me that there ought to be 
a depository of our anti-secret books 
some place here in Pittsburg. Friends 
often ask me for something to read on 
the subject of secret societies, and I 
doubt not would buy a good deal of our 
literature if it were here in their reaclu 
Yours very truly, 

(Rev.) Wm. Wishart. 

(I am sure that Dr. Wishart has the 
sympathy and prayers of his many 
friends, who are readers of the Cynosure, 
and may his prayer for some one to open 
a depository in Allegheny, Pa., be an- 
swered. — Ed.) 

The Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Ma- 
sons of Illinois now permits substitutes 
in the Royal Arch. 


Secrecy and Citizenship consists of 
three essays which received the respec- 
tive prizes of $300, $75 and $25. 

The successful competitors were I. J. 
Lansing, D. D. ; Benjamin F. True- 
blood, LL. D., and Rev. D. W. Sleuth, 

It is an attractive as well as a valuable 
volume of 137 pages, 5x7^ inches, 
cloth, sent postpaid for 50 cents. 

July, 1900. 




For Nearly Sixty Years 

The Leading National 
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For Progressive Farmers and Villagers 

An old, stanch, tried and true friend of the American People, from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific, and the pioneer in every movement calculated to advance the interests and in- 
crease the prosperity of country people in every State in the Union. 

For over half a century farmers have followed its instructions in raising their crops, 
and in converting them into cash have been guided by its market reports, which have been 
National authority. 

If you are interested in "Science and Mechanics" that department will please and in- 
struct. "Short Stories" will entertain old and young. "Fashion Articles" will catch the 
fancy of the ladies, and "Humorous Illustrations" and items will bring sunshine to your 

THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE is "The People's Paper" for the entire United States, and 
contains all important news of the Nation and World. 

Regular subscription price $1.00 per year, but we furnish it as a trial subscription 

with The Christian Cynosure One Year, $1.25. 

Published Monday, Wednesday and Friday. 

A complete, up-to-date, daily newspaper three 
times a week for busy people who receive their 
mail oftener than once a week. 

Contains all striking news features of THE DAILY TRIBUNE up to hour of going 
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Regular subscription price $1.50 per year, but- we furnish it as a trial subscription 


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By selling books that everybody wants, 
publications have had a sale of nearly 



in five years. Agents say they are the easiest sell- 
ing books on the market. Write for terms and 

We also offer great inducements on bibles 
and a large line of salvation subscription books. 
■ If you want books for holiday presents that 
will win souls, you should write ns for terms- 
V^Scnd for a frccsamplccopyofthe "Pentecostal Era." 

S. R SHAW, Publisher, 271 Madison St. Chicago, 111. 




July. 1900. 

Where To Locate ? 


and Nashville 

the Great Central Southern Trunkline 




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will find the greatest chances in the United States to 
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A history of his life and renunciation 
of Romanism and Freemasonry, by 

E. Ronayne, 

Past Master of Keystone 
Lodge, No. 639, Chicago . 

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Printed matter, maps and all information free. . 

Address, R. J. WEMYSS, 

General Immigration and Industrial Agent, 

Mention this paper. 

Knights of the Maccabees 


The Complete Illustrated Ritual 

of the Order, Including the 

Unwritten Work. 

"Mr. Edward Ronayne has done hu- 
manity a service in writing this book. 
It is a plain yet interesting account of a 
life rescued by God from the toils of 
Romanism and Lodgery. We are sure 
it will do good wherever read, and we 
wish it could be read by every Romanist, 
lodge member and Protestant in Amer- 
ica. It would open the eyes of multi- 
tudes to the evils and dangers of these 
false systems." 

Rev. Thos. M. Chalmers. 



Contains 445 pages printed in large, 
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Price, $1.00. Address 

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Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
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An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
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Look to the East A ritual of the 
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Notwithstanding the high price this book is 

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Voi. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
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This ritual corresponds exactly with the "Charge 
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Revised Rebekah Ritual (Illus- 

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This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus- 
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Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
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church, ioc. tach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
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Secret Societies 


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Freemasonry at a glance. 


Gleanings from the Life of Harriet G. 

Hosmer 105 

A Chinese Lad Goes to College 107 

Two Pictures— the Boxers 110 

The Spirit of Evil in the Lodge Ill 

Comments on Ephesians v., 11, by Wesley, 

Barnes and Clarke 113 

Intrenched in the Tomb 114 

A Classmate's Regret .114 

Christian Burial Service Misused 115 

The G. A. R. Program Finished 116 

G. A. R. and Patriotism 116 

From a Veteran 118 

The G. A. R. a Benefit to the Old Soldier. .119 

In a Nut Shell .121 

Grand Army of the Republic 121 

Grand Army Politics 123 

From "Grand Army Advocate" 123 

Exhibition of "Soldier Politics" 123 

G. A. R. to Fight 123 

Pensions— Seeking Assaults 124 

A Dollar a Day for Soldiers 124 

Growth of Pensions Claims 124 

Cuban War Pensions .125 

General John Bidwell 125 

Visit to Schuyler's Lake. 125 

Christian Reform Church 126 

Eastern District 127 

Canadian Methodist Conference .127 

Sece'der's Testimonies 128 

New Publications , 129' 

From Baptist "Young People" 130 

Reformers 130- 

McKinley, Bricklayer, etc 131 

Judas Iscariot .131 

Lodge Men Excluded . . 131 

Terrorism in Chicago 131 

United Presbyterian— Rev. Samuel H. 

Swartz, Fraternal Delegate 132 

Secret Society Insolence 132 

The Italian Senate 133- 

Newspaper Notices of Annual Meeting . . . 134 

International Influence -. 134 

To Whom to Lower the Rifles 134 

Table Talk 135, 136 


'The National Christian Association, op- 
posed to isecret societies," was formed at 
Pittsburg, Pa., in 1868, and incorporated un- 
der the laws of the State of Illinois in 1874. 

The National Christian Association arose to 
meet a great want created by the growth of 
secret orders, and the ignorance and silence 
of public teachers as to their nature and ef- 

The association is interdenominational. 
The president (1899) is a Methodist Episco- 
pal, and the vice president a Christian Re- 
2*rm (Holland). Among the following named 

officers and agents are also the Free Metho- 
dist, Congregational, Lutheran, Friend, 
Evangelical,' United Brethren, Baptist, Re- 
formed Presbyterian and Independent. 

The principal headquarters of the National 
Christian Association is at 221 West Madison 
street, Chicago, which property is valued at 
$20,000, and is the gift to the association of 
Dea. Philo Carpenter, one of the founders of 

The association is supported by the free 
will offerings and bequests of friends. The 
Christian Cynosure is its organ and princi- 
pal publication. 

risnan i^iii^ur^ 

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Official Organ of tbe National 
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Addr s ali letters per.aining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to tne interests of 
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West Madison 

He climbs highest who helps another. 

An ounce 
ton of lies. 

of honesty out-balances a 

Preserve the peace of the church by 
preserving its purity. 

Reformation makes a man respecta- 
ble ; regeneration makes him righteous. 
Reformation makes society comfortable ; 
regeneration makes it Christian. Refor- 
mation makes the world decent ; regener- 
ation makes it divine. 


This famous artist was born in Water- 
town, Mass., Oct. 9, 1830. Her mother 
and sister had died of consumption and 
her father was determined that Harriet 
should live in the sunshine and air, that 
he might save her if possible. As soon 
as the child was large enough she was 
given a pet dog to romp and play with. 

The Charles River flowed past their 
home and when she was strong enough to 
row, a Venetian gondola, with silver 
prow and velvet cushions, was built for 

And now a gun was purchased, and 
Harriet became an admirable markswo- 

Soon her room was filled with birds, 
bats, beetles, snakes and toads ; some dis- 
sected, some preserved in spirits, and 
others stuffed — all prepared by her own 

She could climb a tree like a squirrel, 
and walk miles upon miles with no fa- 

When she tired of books she found de- 
light in a clay pit in the garden, where 
she molded horses and dogs to her 
heart's content. 

She now entered Mrs. Sedgwick's fa- 
mous school at Lenox, Mass.. where she 
remained for three years. While in school 
she was not quite as well as usual, and her 
father engaged a physician of large prac- 
tice to visit his daughter. The busy roan 
could not be regular, which sadly inter- 
fered with Harriet's boating and driving. 
Complaining one day that it spoiled her 
pleasure, he said : "If I am alive. I will 
be here," naming the day and hour. 
"Then if you are not here, I am to con- 
clude that you are dead," was the replv. 



August, 1900. 

As he did not come, Harriet drove into 
Boston to the newspaper offices that after- 
noon, and the next morning the com- 
munity was startled to read of Dr. 's 

sudden death. Friends came to the house 
and messages of condolence came pour- 
ing in. It is probable he was more punc- 
tual after that. 

On leaving Lenox, Harriet began to 
take lessons in drawing, modeling and 
anatomical studies, in Boston. Later she 
completed her studies in the Medical Col- 
lege of St. Louis. 

On her return home her father fitted 
up a studio for her, and here she began 
her first work in sculpture. She cut Can- 
ova's "Napoleon" in marble for her 
father, doing all the work, that he might 
especially value the gift. Slight girl as 
she was, she wielded for eight or ten 
hours a day a leaden mallet weighing 
four pounds and a half. Had it not been 
for the strength and flexibility of muscle 
acquired by rowing and other athletic ex- 
ercises she could not have done this. In 
1852 Miss Hosmer went to Rome, and 
became a pupil of John Gibson, a leading 
English sculptor, under whom she stud- 
ied for three years, without leaving Rome. 
She was about to take a journey to Eng- 
land for a needed rest when the message 
came that her father, Dr. Hosmer, had 
lost his property ; that he could send her 
no more money, and suggested that she 
return home at once. Though this news 
seemed to her overwhelming, she said 
firmly: "I cannot go back and give up 
my art." She rented a cheap room, her 
handsome horse and saddle were sold, and 
she was then at work, indeed, "as if she 
earned her daily bread." 

While in a somewhat depressed frame 
of mind, Miss Hosmer produced her most 
humorous work — her fun-loving "Puck." 
It represented a child, about four years 
old, seated on a toadstool, which breaks 
beneath him. The left hand confines a 
lizard, while the right holds a beetle. The 
legs are crossed, while the big toe of the 
right foot turns up. The whole figure is 
full of merriment. The crown princess 
of Germany, on seeing it, exclaimed : 
"Oh, Miss Hosmer, you have such a tal- 
ent for toes !" Surely, it is a very effec- 
tive talent ; for the statue, with the sev- 
eral copies made from it, brought her 
$30,000. The Prince of Wales has a copy, 

the Duke of Hamilton one, and it has 
even gone to Australia and the W T est In- 
dies. The companion piece is the "Will- 

After other successful work, Miss Hos- 
mer returned to America in 1857, five 
years after her departure. She was still 
young, vivacious, hopeful, not wearied 
with her hard work, and famous. While 
here she decided on a statue of Zenobia, 
Queen of Palmyra. She could scarcely 
have chosen a more heroic or pathetic 
subject — the brave leader of a brave peo- 
ple, a skillful warrier marching at the head 
of her troops, now on foot, now on horse- 
back, beautiful in face and cultured in 
mind ; finally captured by Aurelian and 
borne through the streets of Rome, 
adorning his triumphal procession. 

Miss Hosmer returned to Rome to 
work on "Zenobia." When the statue was 
finished, so beautiful and perfect was it, 
that the London papers declared it to be 
the work of Gibson. 

In i860 Miss Hosmer again visited 
America. How proud Dr. Hosmer must 
have been of his daughter, whose 
fame spread over two hemis- 
pheres. While here she received 
a commission from St. Louis for 
a bronze portrait-statute of Missouri's 
famous statesman, Thomas Hart Benton. 
The statue was cast at the great royal 
foundry at Munich, and in due time 
shipped to this country. It was unveiled 
in Lafayette Park, May 27, 1868, the 
daughter, Mrs. John C. Fremont, remov- 
ing the covering. Both press and people 
were heartily pleased with the statue, for 
which Miss Hosmer received $10,000, the 
whole costing $30,000. The London Art 
Journal, in speaking of Miss Hosmer's 
success, said "The works of Miss Hos- 
mer, Hiram Powers and others I might 
name have placed Americans on a level 
with the best modern sculptors in 

Miss Hosmer's studio is in Rome, 
where her days are spent in working out 
her life motto "I will not be an amateur ; 
I will work as though I had to earn my 
daily bread." 

Miss Hosmer has her days for visitors, 
but her hours for study are sacred. She 
has allowed nothing to distract her from 
her one purpose in life. It has been con- 
tinuous, earnest work ; it has brought her 

August, 1900. 



wealth and fame. She has never suc- 
cumbed to disappointments or difficul- 
ties ; thus she has made for herself an 
abiding place in history. — The National 



Yueh-han's First Journey to Tung Chou. 


(A few weeks ago Tung Chou College was 
burned by the "Boxers," and the faculty and 
missionaries were forced to flee to Pekin, 
where they were subsequently martyred. 
Miss Hinman, the writer of this true story, 
was located at this college when this inci- 
dent took place.— Ed.) 

,Yueh-han* was a happy lad. He was 
not ecstatic in his happiness, first, be- 
cause he was a boy, and, second, because 
he was a Chinese boy. But never in his 
life had he felt more elated than on that 
September afternoon as he sat in the bow 
of the house-boat nearing Tung Chou. 
The ordinary Chinese house-boat, by the 
way, is not of the luxurious Stygian va- 
riety described by John Kendrick Bangs, 
but is a mere flatboat transformed into a 
diminutive Noah's ark by the little 
"house" perched upon it. This particu- 
lar house-boat bore a load of twenty-four 
boys, some of them old enough to be 
called young men, all bound for Tung 
Chou College. And herein lay the 
secret of Yueh-han's joy. He was the 
youngest of the company and he was go- 
ing away to school for the first time. To 
be sure, he would rank only as a first 
year academy student, but he felt as 
proud as any of the college seniors, of 
whom there were two or three on the 
boat. They were now but twelve miles 
from Tung Chou. Yueh-han sat gazing 
at the flag floating at one end of the 
house. It was only a strip of coarse white 
cotton, bearing in carefully written char- 
acters the name of the Tung Chou Col- 
lege and the Chinese equivalent of "Uni- 
ted States of America." That last was 

The Chinese form of John. 

because the college was founded and con- 
ducted by American missionaries. 

In Yueh-han's delight he fell to sing- 
ing, "We are out on the ocean sailing." 
It had been a favorite with the boys on 
their two weeks' river voyage, and one 
after another struck in till a rich, musical 
chorus floated over the water. The boys 
had been carefully trained in singing and 
enjoyed it greatly. One hymn followed 
another. Your pity may be excited by 
the fact that they had no such college 
songs as "Co-ca-che-lunk" or "Clemen- 
tine ;" but aside from the native theatrical 
ballads, which most of the boys had too 
much self-respect to sing, they knew 
practically nothing but sacred music. 

The Ferryman's Riot. 

The excitement of nearing their des- 
tination, however, was too great to find 
sufficient outlet in singing, so presently 
one of the boys cried, "Let's take a stroll 
on the bank — eh, fellows?" About half 
the company responded to the invitation ; 
the boat was poled up beside the bank and 
the boys leaped gaily ashore. Less active 
than college boys in England or Amer- 
ica, the lads after a short stroll were mind- 
ed to return to their boat. That slowly 
moving craft was behind them, and as 
they turned back they observed that it 
had shifted its position to the other side 
of the river. To reach it they were 
obliged to cross a ferry. 

Now the ferries in these parts were fre- 
quent scenes of turbulence and strife. 
The Tung Chou magistrate, who, as the 
head of a district, had jurisdiction over a 
thousand villages and several hundred 
square miles of territory, had issued proc- 
lamations commanding ferrymen, a par 
ticularly quarrelsome and extortionat 
class, it would seem, to maintain peace 
and order. But the ferryman of Lu 
Chuang, the village opposite which the 
Tung Chou boys' boat was lying, was a 
notorious bully and blackguard. He met 
the boys' request for transportation with 
great insolence. As they were leaving 
the boat they flung down the customary 
piece or two of "cash." 

"Hold on !" blustered the ferryman ; 
"this money is not enough ! The fares 
have changed. You must each give m; 
twenty pieces !" 

"Indeed, we haven't so much money 
with us. We have paid you all that is 



August, 1900. 

customary anywhere," remonstrated the 
oldest of the lads. 

"You lie, rascal!" roared the ferryman. 
Then raising his voice still higher, he 
cried : "Thieves ! Thieves I" His son, an 
ill-favored fellow, raised an oar ; the 
father did likewise, and seeing the vil- 
lagers coming with sticks and stones to 
aid them, they fell upon the boys with- 
out mercy, dealing blows right and left. 

Unless infuriated by passion, the Chi- 
nese are not combative. The lads sought 
rather to avoid than to return the blows 
showered upon them. One of them leap- 
ed into the river. He was pursued and 
forced into deep, water, where he saved 
himself from drowning only by clinging 
with one hand to the roots of a tree and 
with the other to the queue of his antag- 
onist. Another lad, Yueh-han's cousin, 
coming to the rescue, had his hand badly 
cut by a sickle in the hands of one of the 

The Ruse of Yuen-han. 

The boys on the boat viewed this con- 
flict with painful interest. They hoped 
for protection in their flag, but it proved 
a vain hope. They searched excitedly 
for the Chinese calling cards of one of 
their Shantung missionaries, but in the 
confusion these cherished bits of red pa- 
per were not to be found. It is to be 
feared that they would have proved use- 
less. A strong anti-foreign feeling had 
been prevalent since the rebuilding of 
the cathedral in Tien-tsin, and the com- 
pletion of the railroad between that city 
and the capital a few months previous. 
The Shantung missionaries had them- 
selves been mobbed on a river journey in 
June. The college boys' boat was board- 
ed by the assailants. The small boys fled 
to hide themselves beneath the loose 
boards of the k'ang, or wooden sleeping- 
platform. Yueh-han had been sitting a 
horrified spectator of the scene on the 
bank and the injury inflicted on his 
cousin, in whose care Yueh-han had set 
out on the journey. At last he came to 
himself with a start and followed his com- 
panions to the k'ang. The small com- 
partment was crowded, and the boys with- 
in were clinging desperately to the boards 
that covered it. Plainly there was "no 
admittance." Yueh-han formed a des- 
perate resolve. He flung off his long stu- 
dent's gown, revealing his close-fitting 

jacket and trousers beneath. Now the 
Chinese, like the Pharisees, are chiefly 
anxious for the cleanliness of "the outside 
of the cup and platter," and fortunately 
for Yueh-han's purpose, his inner gar- 
ments had not the suspicious newness 
and freedom from dirt of his outer ones. 
He made his way with an assumption of 
boldness outside the little "house," catch- 
ing up on the way an old ragged straw 4 
hat belonging to the boatmen, and affect- 
ed to busy himself with preparations to 
"open the boat ;" that is, start her off. 
His little strategem was successful. The 
attacking party had no quarrel with the 
boatmen, and beyond a sarcastic, "Hi, 
there, boatmaster, you're poling off, are 
you?" accompanied by a curse upon his 
ancestors for a thousand generations, 
Yueh-han was not disturbed. 

The combat lasted an hour. Yueh- 
han sat quaking in his low cloth shoes till 
it grew dusk. At length he gave a sup- 
pressed cry of joy. Eight of the lads on 
the shore had broken away from the mob 
and were hurrying to Tung Chou for 
help. The fury of the mob had spent itself 
and they melted away. Yueh-han had 
seen among the eight his cousin, his face 
scratched, his queue disordered, and his 
hand bleeding. The little lad longed to 
follow. The college compound, with its 
cluster of foreign buildings enclosed by 
a high brick wall, he had seen a picture 
of it — rose up before his mind's eye as a 
veritable city of refuge. Forgetting his 
role of boatman, he sprang up boldly, 
leaped ashore and hurried after the older 
lads. They turned with some appre- 
hension as they heard his swift footsteps 
approaching. "What is it?" called one. 

"Do not be angry, elder brother," an- 
swered the little fellow, "I wish to go 
with you." 

Wen Fu, the tall cousin, looked an- 

"You are small and can't keep up with 
us," he grumbled. 

"Indeed I can," protested the child, "I 
am not hurt like you. Ai ya ! but your 
hand is frightfully cut, and how wet you 
are !" 

Excitement at Tung Chou. 

It was midnieht when they reached the 
college. The President's slumbers were 
invaded, not by the light tap with the 
nails, which is the usual Chinese knock. 

August, 1900. 



but by the vigorous hammering of half a 
dozen sturdy fists upon his front door. 
He hurried down with a light and met 
the weary and excited company. Little 
Yueh-han was the first to remember his 
manners. Placing his closed hands to- 
gether he raised them up before his face 
and swept them downward in a graceful 
curve, slightly inclining his body at the 
' same time. The others saluted the Pres- 
ident in like manner, and then began to 
pour out their story. The President 
listened with his usual philosophic calm, 
but with a ready appreciation of the sit- 
uation, and the way in which it should be 
met. He at once sent his card to the city 
magistrate, with a request for protection 
for the boys on the boat. This met with 
a prompt response, and a squad of men 
despatched from the yamen reached the 
boat at daylight. 

The boys, meanwhile, had wakened 
their fellow students who had arrived be- 
fore them, and were volubly rehearsing 
their experience and displaying their 
wounds. These, happily, were not alarm- 
ing. Wen Fu's cut on the hand was per- 
haps the most serious injury. Yueh-han 
was running off for a basin of warm water 
to wash off the blood when a chorus of 
voices stopped him. 

"The blood must not be washed off !" 
they protested. 

"Why not?" 

"The wounds must be left as they are 
for examination at the trial. No one 
should even wash himself or change his 

The Ferryman's Trial and Punishment. 

There was little sleep at Tung Chou 
College that night. In the morning the 
President prepared and sent to the 
yamen a detailed statement of the case. 
Fortunately the magistrate was that rara 
avis in China, a patriotic official, of in- 
corruptible integrity and faithful in the 
administration of justice. The case was 
brought up for immediate trial. The Pres- 
ident and his colleague accompanied to 
the yamen the boys who had been sum- 
moned as witnesses. They were nearly as 
much frightened as they had been the day 
before. As a rule in China, one gets jus- 
tice only by paying well for it. The Tung 
Chou magistrate was, it is true, an hon- 
est man and a lover of justice, but who 

could have the same assurance regard- 
ing the underlings of the yamen, too 
often a covetous and tyrannical set? 
Yueh-han had begged at first to accom- 
pany his cousin, but his desire was nipped 
in the bud by the information that the 
horridly grinning stone lions within the 
red walls of the yamen were emblematic 
of the treatment one might expect there. 
So Yueh-han was forced to wait for his 
cousin's account of the trial in the even- 

The magistrate, it seemed, was a rough, 
uncouth old fellow, with a barbarous 
Southern accent. All that he said was re- 
peated after him by his attendants, after 
which he would roar out : 

"Tung-te, pee tung-te?" "Do you un- 

The boys were brought in and gave 
their testimony kneeling. The poor fel- 
lows were much terrified and had little 
to say for themselves. Not so the ruf- 
fianly ferryman, who was the only pris- 
oner. He began with the audacious air 
of a hardened offender who had many 
times trampled on justice with impunity'. 
This incensed the magistrate at once. He 
interrupted the rogue's tale with this 
laconic order: 

"Give him twenty blows of the hand 
on the cheek !" 

Afterwards the ferryman entangled 
himself in a web of lies, which the official 
readily penetrated. He repeatedly or- 
dered the fellow to receive ten blows of 
the bamboo upon the hand. He must 
have received a hundred and twenty such 
blows in all. The hand that was beaten 
swelled to nearly twice the size of the 
other. The magistrate examined the 
boys' wounds with much sympathy. At 
each examination his anger was kindled 
anew against the wretched culprit, and 
found vent in the repetition of the fearful 
order, "Strike !" 

"The magistrate took hold of my cut 
hand very kindly," said W 7 en Fu, "ex- 
claiming much over the injury and calling 
for a liniment, which he said was very 
costly, and with which he dressed the 
wound himself. He told me the liniment 
must not be removed." 

The ferryman refused throughout to 
incriminate his son. "My son?" he said ; 
"my only son is a twelve-year-old child. 
What could he do ? The commotion was 



August, 1900. 

caused by a stranger, a bald-headed man, 
whom I never saw before." 

This falsehood did not impose upon 
the magistrate. "Haven't I instructed 
you?" he thundered repeatedly. "Have- 
n't I posted proclamations at all the 
ferries forbidding fighting?" 

The ferryman refused also to give evi- 
dence against the villagers. He know 
that such evidence would probably cost 
him his life at their hands. 

The final act of the examination by tor- 
ture for the beating was part of the ex- 
amination and not of the sentence — was 
to inflict upon the culprit's body a hun- 
dred blows of the bamboo. During this 
operation marks were found of a previous 
experience of the same kind. At the 
close of the trial the condemned man was 
led away in irons for a term of imprison- 

Although the President spoke to the 
magistrate in his own tongue, making in- 
telligent and pertinent remarks upon the 
case, the old man could not be convinced 
that the foreigners understood the case. 
This, with a trace of fear, was manifest in 
his bearing towards them throughout the 
trial. At its close he drew Wen Fu aside 
and said to him in a tone loud enough to 
be overheard by the President and his 
colleague : 

"These foreigners do not understand 
our customs. I want you to make clear 
to them when you go back that I have 
conducted the case precisely as I should 
have done if no foreigners had been in- 
terested in it. Be sure you make them 
understand that!" 

Wen Fu gave his story of the trial in 
the little dispensing room, where the gra- 
cious lady, the President's worthy help- 
meet in the work of instructing and car- 
ing for the Tung Chou students, was re- 
placing the magistrate's liniment by an 
antiseptic dressing. Yueh-han sat by 
watching the process with timid but eager 
interest. He was plainly disposed to re- 
gret the waste of the costly ointment ap- 
plied by official, and hence sacred, hands, 
and looked a mute protest as it was care- 
fully washed off with carbolic soap. 

"The lady's medicine is doubtless much 
more expensive than the great man's?" 
he ventured shyly. 

"Oh, no ! I presume not," replied the 

"Then it is some secret prescription 
known only to the lady ?" 

She laughed softly. "Oh, no ! It is in 
use in all Western hospitals." 

The child shook his head in hopeless 

Wen Fu explained with an air of vastly 
superior wisdom, "You will understand 
better when you have studied here awhile, 
Yueh-han. But I tell you, the Western 
ways are all of them better than ours." 


The Boxers* 

About 350 years ago the Manchu Tartars 
conquered China. Since, the Chinese have 
been ruled by the Tartars. In order to pla- 
cate the Chinese, about half the government 
patronage has been distributed among them, 
while the Tartars have kept the military 
power in their own hands. Another safe- 
guard was the settlement of several tens of 
thousands of Tartars in the capital of each 
province who, though following the ordinary 
vocations of life, receive grants from the im- 
perial treasury and hence are ready to assist 
the government against any uprisings on the 
part of the Chinese. 

Soon after the Tartar invasion patriotic 
Chinese organized a secret society for the 
purpose of overthrowing the Tartar dynasty. 
The society continued to spread and long ago 
reached every city and hamlet in the empire 
and its members are numbered by the mil- 
lions. All classes, from the highest to the 
lowest, are enrolled, though usually men in 
official positions do not openly train with its 
members, except, perhaps, in extreme cases 
like the present crisis. However, the most 
active emissaries are expectant officials; that 
is, men who have passed the civil service ex- 
amination, but have not yet received appoint- 
ments. This class is very large, as there are 
several times as many men as offices, so that 
multiplied thousands, after spending years 
of hard study, are doomed to a lifetime of 
bitter disappointment. These men have given 
the government much trouble in the past by 
means of the secret society and the common 
people over whom they exercise great influ- 
ence in their own neighborhoods. 

During all these centuries the government 
has not been unmindful of the danger from 
this organization and from time to time has 
used drastic measures for its suppression, 
but without effect. Whenever the nation has 
been engaged in war with a foreign country 
or the power of the government for any rea- 
son weakened, the secret society men have 
seized the opportunity for an outbreak. Sev- 


August, 1900. 


eral times they have nearly accomplished 
their object, viz., the overthrow of the dy- 
nasty. At each uprising they assumed a new 
name (being careful usually to select a good 
name) and setting forth as their object some- 
thing quite different from their original pur- 
pose and not necessarily distasteful to the 
sovereign, but which if successful would, 
they hoped, result in the downfall of the gov- 
ernment.— Northwestern Christian Advocate. 

The Trend Toward "Boxerisiu" in the United 

Special Dispatch to The Chicago Record from a Staff 

Omaha, Neb., July 12.— If you ask any one 
his reasons for believing that Bryan will 
carry this State in November he will tell you 
that the fusionists have a complete and com- 
pact organization which embraces a majority 
of the adult population, and while many of 
its members will doubtless vote secretly for 
the Republican ticket, it is so effective that it 
will be difficult for many to do so. This or- 
ganization' is found in almost every school 
district, and carries on a continuous perform- 
ance. Every man who can be reached is en- 
listed and is required to sign a constitution 
and a ritual, take an oath and contribute 
money as dues. This makes it difficult for 
him to break away, because the eyes of the 
members are always upon each other, and 
when any one shows indifference or signs of 
desertion he is immediately labored with by 
his neighbors. If he leaves the organization 
the penalty is often social ostracism for him- 
self and his family. The organization pro- 
vides social pleasures and literary entertain- 
ments, as well as political instruction for the 
members. Something happens every week— 
a lecture or a debate, literary exercises, a 
spelling school, a calico tea, a picnic or a 
"harvest home." Other gatherings are held 
regularly, to which none but members of the 
Populist organizations and their families are 
invited. Sometimes they are the only diver- 
sions that occur in the neighborhood, and a 
farmer will join the organization or remain a 
member of it in order that his family may 
have the benefit of this social enjoyment.— 
William E. Curtis. 

General U. S. Grant: "All secret, 
oath-bound political parties are danger- 
ous to any nation, no matter how pure or 
how patriotic the motives and principles 
which first bring them together." 

of place in a Republic, and no patriot 
should join or uphold them. Consider- 
ing the great forces which threaten the 
welfare of the nation in the next thirty 
years, and how readily and efficiently they 
can use any secret organizations, such 
should not be allowed to exist." 


Wendell Phillips : "I wish you success 
most heartily in your efforts to arouse the 
community to the danger of secret socie- 
ties. They are a great evil ; entirely out 


Esteemed Cynosure : 

Having been very busy for months 
past, I have entirely neglected you. Have 
been engaged in missionary work in 
Williamstown, Mass., and wish you to 
praise the Lord with me for the great 
blessings He has given in the salvation of 
souls and advance of His precious cause. 
The well-known Williams college '* lo- 
cated here. The institution in its earlier 
history was noted for its evangelistic 
teachings, missionary spiirt, frequent re- 
vivals of religion, and the conversion of 
its students. Here is where five pious 
students about ioo years ago knelt 
around a haystack and prayed for the 
heathen world, and the salvation of those 
who had not heard the good news of the 
gospel, and out of which grew the Amer- 
ican Board of Commissioners for Foreign 
Missions. I have offered like prayer by 
the "hay-stack" monument that now 
marks the spot. 

Great changes have taken place within 
the century that is now closing ; changes 
some of which are not most flattering nor 
desirable. In late years there have been 
no old-time revivals in the college, and 
students who come to it unsaved go 
through, graduate and embark in vari- 
ous calling-s still unsaved. Not only 
that, but many undergo a sad decline in 
fixed principles and morals. The ques- 
tion is natural, ''Why this sad change — 
what has brought it about?" Different 
reasons, no doubt, are involved in a true 
explanation. The worldly spirit that is 
so prevalent, the spirit of game and strife. 
of jealousy and animosity, which seem to 
be so rife among the students, as wit- 
nessed in the foot-ball and other games. 
often so brutal, seriously injuring more 
or less of the combatants ; at times engen 
dering feuds, silly and wicked displays. 
The bruised and maimed who resort t* e - 



August, 1900. 

the infirmary tell the sad tale. These 
things explain some of the spiritual de- 
cline and loss of moral stamina. But 
what is back of all this as an underlying- 
cause, studied without prejudice? What 
facts are there in the case ? Anyone look- 
ing fairly at the working of the many 
secret societies maintained by the stu- 
dents, will see that they have much to do 
with it. The college is honeycombed with 
fraternities. The college register num- 
bers less than 400 students, but there are 
fourteen Greek Letter fraternities ! Ten 
of these have fine buildings, costing from 
Si 0,000 to $50,000 each. The money for 
their erection and equipment has been 
supplied by former graduates who were 
members of these orders and have ac- 
quired wealth. The other four are hoping 
that like good fortune is in store for them. 
I enjoyed a pleasant interview with a 
venerable professor in the college w T ho 
has previously been a college president 
in the West, and his wife, from whom I 
obtained these facts. I found him to be 
a courteous and worthy divine, a strong 
temperance advocate, a staunch Prohi- 
bitionist, and withal, decidedly unfavor- 
able to secret societies. Could his wish 
m the matter be adopted there would be 
no secret fraternities in the institution. 
In view of all that I witnessed I could but 
decide that had I sons to educate I would 
never send them to a college or university 
that tolerated those secret orders. Then 
I could but think of Wheaton college and 
be thankful for its noble, scriptural posi- 
tion upon this subject, wish for it a full 
quota of students, and bid it a Godspeed. 
Though never a student there, I knew 
it well in the time of Dr. J. Blanchard's 
presidency, and am proud of his worthy 
successor in the person of his son. God 
bless him. 

A correspondent of the New York 
Voice in 1897, in a thorough investiga- 
tion of affairs in Harvard University, 
writes : The drinking in Harvard is now 
practically confined to the class suppers 
in Boston, the celebration of athletic tri- 
umphs, and the Greek Letter societies. 
These societies are now, however, in bad 
odor in Cambridge and apparently dying 
out. Their clubrooms are usually located 
off the main streets, and some of them 
have a ''butler," whose duties are largely 
to sneak liquor in from Boston for the 

members. A year or two ago two of 
them, the Zeta Psi and Alpha Delta Phi, 
were raided by the police, which has had 
the result of discouraging the. bibulous 
practices of them all. Their membership 
fortunately is limited. The Index for 
1896-97 of those which are known as "so- 
cial clubs," naming- eight, total as 345. 
As the catalogue for that year gives the 
numbers of 3,674, it follows that only 
about one student out of ten is a mem- 
ber of these ''social clubs." The Har- 
vard "fast set," mostly these Greek Let- 
ter men, find abundant opportunity for 
secret carousals in Boston. From this 
also, we see the tendency and the im- 
moral character of these secret orders. 
Such is their bearing generally, in col- 
leges and out of colleges wherever they 
exist and by whomsoever composed. 
They are unsafe places for our young 
people in particular, and they should by 
all possible means be kept out of them. 
How can Christian or even moral edu- 
cators tolerate them? 

It was my lot to taste a bit of Masonic 
persecution in Williamstown, while la- 
boring with a young mission in which 
the Holy One gave signal approval, in 
the salvation of many precious souls, and 
their baptism by divine command. 
Somewhere, in some way, I must have 
trodden upon the toes or hit the nose of 
this Christless order— Free Masons — 
"free and accepted" (?) odoriferous 
name ! A letter was sent by some lodge 
in the vicinity of my home, 150 miles dis- 
tant, to the lodge there, informing them 
that I was an 'anti,' with solemn warning 
against me. From that time, families 
who were before among my warmest 
friends and earnest supports, whose heads 
were unconverted Masons, were so turned 
that I could do nothing more with nor 
for them. 

A beautiful institution, indeed, "founded 
on the Bible," with the spirit of its mas- 
ter, ready to sacrifice any and every ser- 
vant of Christ who in any way opposes 
it or antagonizes its selfish aims, un- 
christian teachings, and heathenish cus- 
toms. The gracious God pity their ig- 
norance and blindness ; have mercy upon 
them ; save their souls, is my prayer. 

I am thankful for the fact that the lodge 
never will catch some that were being- 
drawn to them, since God has used me 

August, 1900. 



to enlighten and warn them. May He 
open the eyes of many more before it be 
too late. It is no new thing to suffer for 
Christ and the truth's sake, for the de- 
fence and maintenance of the principles 
of the gospel. Paul gloried in the cross 
of Christ, for being accounted worthy to 
suffer for Christ, and we will strive to be 
his worthy successors in like manner. 
The President of the N. C. A., capable 
of ministering to prominent churches, 
.and has held pastorates of city churches, 
has been sent to a small country parish ! 
Why is it? From what cause? Echo 
answers, Why? Easy to tell which way 
the wind blows and read what is plainly 
discoverable, though it be not written nor 
proclaimed from the house-tops. Let us 
not be surprised as if "some strange thing 
lias happened.'' These things have been 
•divinely foretold. "They who will live 
•Godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer perse- 
cution." "Blessed are ye when men shall 
hate you and separate you from their 
company." Whatever may result, by the 
grace of God we will be true to Christ, 
to His truth, and to our Christian convic- 
tions. May the Lord lead His people out 
of the darkness into the light, which will 
keep them out of all secret societies. I 
am sure that we need to pray very much, 
as well as work for success in the anti- 
secrecy cause. Yes, there is wonderful 
power in true prayer, and we need to 
pray more than we have yet done, that the 
Savior will in His own way give a deadly 
touch to the very heart and core of the 
secret empire everywhere. 


"And have no fellowship with the un- 
fruitful works of darkness." 

John Wesley's Comments on Eph. 5: 11. 

Whatever it costs, flee spiritual adul- 
tery ! Have no friendships with the 
world. Thy life is at stake ; eternal life 
or eternal death ! Oh, come out from 
among them, from all unholy men, how- 
ever harmless they may appear, and be 
ye separate. — Wesley's Sermons, Vol. 2, 
p. 204. 

Albert Barnes' Comments. 

In commenting on Eph. 5: 11 he says 
that during the Roman persecutions all 
that was asked of Christians was that 
thev cast a little incense on the altar of 

a heathen god. They suffered death 
rather than take part in heathen worship. 
Dr. Barnes says : "The radical idea is 
that Christians were to abstain from all 
connections with unbelievers — with in- 
fidels and heathens." — Barnes' Notes, 
p. 152. 

"Or. Adam Clarke's Comments. 

"Have no fellowship" means have no 
religious connection with heathens or 
their worship. The "unfruitful works of 
darkness" probably alludes, he says, to 
the mysteries among the heathens, and 
the differing lustrations (symbols) and 
rites through which the initiated went in 
the caves and dark recesses where these 
mysteries were celebrated ; all of which 
he (the apostle) denominates works of 
darkness, because they were destitute of 
true wisdom ; and unfruitful works be- 
cause they were of no use to mankind ; 
the initiated being obliged, on pain of 
death, to keep secret what they had seen, 
and heard, and done. How then could 
they keep up the profession of Christian- 
ity or pretend to be under its influence 
while they had communion with dark- 
ness, concord with Belial, and partook 
with infidels? — Clarke's Commentary on 
Eph. 5: II. 

Sir and Rev. Cornelius Twing, Emi- 
nent Grand Prelate Grand Commandery, 
New York, says in the Amer. Tyler of 
May 15, 1899: 

"Among the objections made to Masonry 
and its teachings by objectors of every kind, 
we have failed to find that they give credit 
for the presentation of such truth as the im- 
mortality of the soul, and of eternal life." 

Yes, it is one of the sharp objections 
made to Freemasonry that it teaches men 
to hope for immortality in the "grand 
lodge above" without Christ, and while 
the Savior is studiously ignored in the 
lodge below. If he has failed to find that 
objectors give credit for a false doctrine 
of immortality, ill-grounded and there- 
fore vain when not genuine, he can read- 
ily find that for it they do give Masonry 
grave discredit. 

Further on he says : 

"I have known men who were received and 
acknowledged as Knights Templars, who 
have avowed a disbelief in all the principles 
of the Christian religion, and whose infidel- 
ity was as rank as that of Tom Paine, or 
Robert Ingersoll. They wore the cross, but 
despised its teachings."' 



August, 1900. 

©ur Si)tiu>00tnm. 


As a society which does not seek mem- 
bers from the general public, and as a 
company of veterans gathered as old sol- 
diers, the Grand Army does not make 
the same impression as other orders in 
its capacity of a secret society. Perhaps 
this makes the Relief Corps, also,, seem 
a little aside from such orders as the 
Rebekahs and the Grange. The addi- 
tion of the Sons of Veterans to both the 
other orders may have begun to make the 
secret society aspect more obvious, par- 
ticularly because the cemetery observance 
has been so largely passed into their 

The veterans themselves are passing 
away, and the Sons of Veterans must 
soon take their place altogether. Many 
of these do not remember the war, but 
are entitled to belong to the society. In 
the course of time it is reasonable to ap- 
prehend that others will become eligible, 
as for example, those who enlisted for 
the Spanish war. In any case, the lapse 
of time will soon eliminate that element 
which once was able to draw attention to 
the civil war and away from the secret 
society form of organization. 

Yet there will remain enough of rela- 
tion to these veterans and their graves, 
to the war itself and the whole tradition, 
together with perpetuated custom, to 
keep whatever organization remains in 
the public eye. 

The demonstration will hardly grow 
less while the obviousness of the secret 
character may increase. 

It will thus become the chief agent in 
reducing all outside to subserviency to the 
secret system. Xo other order makes any 
approach to it in this respect. The sacred 
graves of the nation's heroes are its van- 
tage ground. Xo clergyman can refuse 
to honor the dead with them ; churches 
must open their doors ; communities are 
stirred by their Sunday or week-day 
parade ; and crowds assemble to hear 
their orators. In its effect on a com- 
munity, Independence Day itself hardly 
bears comparison with Decoration Day. 

The observance occupies more time 
than a day. One day the veterans visit 
schools and address the pupils. 

They incline to obtain the presence of 
clergymen and perhaps the school board. 
Other visitors are attracted to the exer- 
cises, which are partly conducted by the 
school. Thus they capture the coming 
generation. On Sunday they attend 
church in uniform, with guns and the 
flag displayed, and with the service adapt- 
ed to them. Thus they take possession 
of the church. Decoration Day is one 
that moves the town. Schools are closed 
and the children are massed at the ceme- 
teries to sing. Clergymen act as chap- 
lains or as assistant chaplains for the 
time. Martial music, the firing of guns 
and the decoration of graves make the 
day impressive. If it has not already 
crowded out the work naturally belong- 
ing to Sunday evening an oration adds to 
the effect of Decoration Day. Thus they 
occupy the town. 

Over all lies the sanction of mortality 
and of patriotism. Heretofore, the secret 
society aspect of all this has been ob- 
scured, and the presence of the surviv- 
ing soldiers, together with the recogni- 
tion of those who died, has redeemed it, 
in part, from what hereafter is more to 
be feared. If the time comes when there 
shall remain only a secret order, holding 
jolly meetings, composed of members 
born after the war had become history, 
and turning out once a year to hear 
school rhetoricals, £.nd church music, and 
put flowers on graves of men they never 
saw, it seems possible or probable that 
no other secret order will have equal 
power to drag church and society so help- 
lessly captive at its chariot wheels. In 
doing this it will also secure sanction or 
consenting silence for every other order. 


At the May meetings two who had 
been classmates in a theological institu- 
tion met after an interval of years. One 
had become a Western man and the other 
inquired about a classmate, who went 
West immediately upon graduation. The 
report was partly sorrowful. Something 
seemed to have been lost to him. He was 

August, 1900. 



not such a man as a minister as once he 
was thought to have been. 

The explanation was his devoted inter- 
est in the Grand Army. 


The following query comes to us : If 
the G. A. R. has a religious ritual that is 
unobjectionable in form, recognizing the 
name and office of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
is there any valid reason why a Christian 
should not unite with it in worship, and 
especially in its burial services ? 

What Is Christian Worship? 

In answer we need to inquire, What is 
Christian worship? It is the homage 
which regenerated men, who have fel- 
lowship with Christ, present to their 
Creator. It does not consist in form, but 
rather in spirit. "For God is a Spirit, 
and they that worship him must worship 
him in spirit and in truth." John 4: 24. 
It follows, then, that unregenerate men 
cannot worship God. They may use the 
forms of worship, but such forms are but 
blasphemies in their mouths. "The car- 
nal mind is enmity against God, and is 
not subject to the law of God, neither in- 
deed can be ; so they that are in the flesh 
cannot please God." Rom. 8: 7, 8. 

Worldly Men Use Religious Forms. 

It is true that men may use the forms 
of worship, and the prophet testifies of 
them : "Forasmuch as this people draw 
near me with their mouth and with their 
lips do honor me, but have removed their 
hearts far from me, and their fear towards 
me is taught by the precepts of men; 
therefore the wisdom of their wise men 
shall perish." Isa. 29: 13, 14. It is al- 
ways right and wise to unite in worship 
with those who are presumably Chris- 
tians. Christ has pronounced a blessing 
upon it; but it cannot be right to unite 
in a worship where those who are en- 
gaged in it are not presumed to be Chris- 
tians, and are really not worshipers. It 
is rather a sanction of their ungodly pre- 

Weep with the W^eeping. 

It is always suitable to attend funerals 
and express our sympathy with sorrowing 
humanity. It is right to conduct funeral 
services, provided they are truly Chris- 
tian ; but to unite with the worldly in re- 

ligious ceremonies which they have de- 
vised, and which, even by implication, 
teach that men may be saved, who have 
not repented and who have no faith in 
Christ, is not in the line of Christian ob- 
ligation, but confirming sinners in their 

Secret Society Burial Rituals. 

The Grand Army of the Republic, and 
possibly other secret societies, have a 
burial service suitable, perhaps, for any 
Christian church to use in burying its 
Christian members. 

It needs no argument to show that such 
associations are worldly associations, 
composed mostly of worldly men, not 

Why should an association of worldly 
men borrow the livery of the Christian 
church for use at the grave over their 
deceased members? Why, after using 
the name of Christ at the grave, and by 
inference teaching that these members 
are saved through Him — why do they 
afterwards ignore the Lord Jesus .Christ 
and speak of their departed companion 
as having gone to the Great Chancellor- 
Commander or the Great Wood-Chopper 
or to the Grand Architect of the Universe 
beyond ? 

The reason why such societies adopt a 
Christian burial service is that they use 
the name of Christ to conjure with before 
the public. (1) It gives the association 
standing in the community. It is stock 
in trade. It seems to the public to be 
clothed with a semi-sacred character. (2) 
It brings the church and the world to- 
gether. Many are led to say and believe 
that these worldly societies, with their 
semi-religious character, are very much 
like the church, and are about as good. It 
comforts the friends of those who die in 
sin. (3) It popularizes and exalts the 
lodge to use the name of Christ, while 
unwittingly inviting the woe pronounced 
on those who "for a pretense make long 
prayers." (Matt. 23 : 14.) 

The reason for referring to their un- 
converted members as having gone to 
the Grand Commander, etc., instead of to 
be with Christ, is that they are "of the 
world" and not of God. They do not 
love the Lord Jesus nor want to be with 
Him. They have secured bv the use of 
His name all that they wish, and hence 
they speak now out of their hearts, of the 



August, 1900. 

god of their lodge, to whom the soul of 
their dead member has probably gone. 
They are worldly societies, composed for 
the most part of worldly men (John 15: 
19), 'and Jesus condemns them by pre- 
cept and practice. His life was open. 
His declaration (John 18: 20) was that 
public life should be public, not secret. 
And hence after the lodge has used the 
name of Christ to accomplish its purpose, 
His name is dropped for one more con- 

Is It Impious ? 

Jesus everywhere teaches that men 
must first be ''born anew" before they 
can see His kingdom or enter it. That 
thev must come out from the world and 
be separate from it. That while "in the 
world" the Christian is not "of the 
world." The use of a Christian burial 
service by these worldly societies over 
their worldly members is mocking the 
Lord Jesus, and is, of course, impious and 

Communities are deceived into believ- 
ing that somehow these members will be 
all right in the next world because fre- 
quently the lodge rituals are read at the 
graves' over the unconverted men by 
Christian ministers. Are not such minis- 
ters "blind leaders of the blind?" Chris- 
tians who join these societies are blinded 
by the use" of the name of Christ and fall 
more easily into this profane worship. 

der called Sons of Veterans. Even Ma- 
nila "heroes" will probably be available. 



The program for the thirty-fourth anuual 
encampment of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, to be held in Chicago next August, 
has been finished. The encampment begins 
Sunday, Aug. 26, with the arrival of the com- 
mander-in-chief and closes Thursday, Aug. 
30, with a parade of all nations. A general 
committee, of which Joel M. Longenecker is 
chairman, is directing the preparations and 
a number of sub-committees are looking after 
the details.— Chicago Record, Jan. 15, 1900. 

The commander-in-chief is to arrive 
and begin the encampment on the day 
into which this secret order, more than 
any other of the kind, pushes its presence 
and performances. Not content with 
what it does with the ordinary morning 
service, it tends of late to crowd an ora- 
tion into the evening. In order to per- 
petuate its work it has hatched a fresh or- 


We are met at the very threshold of 
our subject with the thought that by 
some we shall be criticised severely for 
so much as offering some friendly sug- 
gestions to the G. A. R. encampment at 
Chicago. Others will commend us. Is 
it the prerogative of American citizens to 
urge upon public gatherings claiming to 
convene for the public good, that they 
exercise their privileges under the Con- 
stitution of the United States to bring 
about a better state of affairs in matters 
with which they are directly associated? 

Article I., of the amendments to the 
Constitution, says: "Congress shall 
make no law abridging the freedom of 
speech, or of the press ; or the right of 
the people peacefully to assemble to peti- 
tion the government for a redress of 

A Good Suggestion. 

Comrades, have you considered what 
an opportunity you have in your convo- 
cation at Chicago to ask this government 
for the redress of wrongs committed un- 
der the Constitution against the consti- 
tutional rights of the people ? Your first 
duty will be to discuss the propriety of 
changing your order from' a closed door 
society to an open door society. Is it 
wise to ask patriots in time of peace to 
shut themselves away from their fellow- 
citizens who did not serve a term of 
months or years in the civil war? and to 
bind your members not to reveal the busi- 
ness of their doings behind barricaded 
doors? Will you discuss it while here 
in your great encampment? Why not 
give your society a name that will corre- 
spond with the object you claim for it? 
You call yourselves the Grand Army of 
the Republic. Has it not occurred to you 
that you are not an army at all? The 
Republic does not recognize you as the 
grand army. You have, each of you, 
been discharged from the services of the 
United States. You have been mustered 
out of its service. You are in no sense 
a member of the army. 

Comrades, reason with me a little: 

August, 1900. 



Suppose that while we served in the civil 
war, the old soldiers of the Mexican war 
had maintained a society of their patriots 
and had called it the Grand Army of the 
Republic, would it not have given us oc- 
casion to call their attention to it ? Were 
not we the grand army of the republic 
while we were facing the foe to defend the 
flag? Ought not the boys who helped 
to drive Spain from the West Indies, and 
those who are now in the Philippines and 
in China, to be considered as the real 
members of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public? Is not the Standing Army of 
the United States more entitled to the 
name of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic than we who have become citizens 
again, in the sense of being ex-soldiers? 
Section 16 of article 8 of the Constitu- 
tion provides for "organizing, arming, 
and disciplining the militia, and for gov- 
erning such part of them as may be em- 
ployed in the service of the United States, 
reserving to the States respectively the 
right of appointment of the officers, and 
of the authority of training the militia 
according to the discipline prescribed by 
Congress." Is it not wiser to conform 
our conduct to the requirements of the 
Constitution than against it? There no 
doubt exists no intention of violating the 
Constitution, because no army in reality 
exists. Notwithstanding all, the G. A. R. 
does employ the names of officers which 
belong to a regular organized army, and 
by their initiatory ceremony they do seek 
to enforce army obligations. 

Is It the Part of Patriotism ? 

What are w r e to infer from the "halts" 
of the ceremony which precede member- 
ship in the order? What does the ''fate 
of the traitor" signify? Why are com- 
rades obligated to certain fealties and 
considered as not being eligible until 
they affirm to maintain loyalty? Have 
these vows, and the emphasis of these 
tokens of allegiance, no meaning? Why 
should a patriot be obligated to give 
proof of loyalty ? Are his battle scars no 
proof of that fact ? Are loyal men to be 
humiliated to take the same obligations 
to enter the G. A. R. that rebels had to 
take under the amnesty of the govern- 
ment in order to get back into the Union, 
from which they seceded and against 
which they fought ? Comrades, there are 

thousands of as brave men as ever swung 
a sword and took aim from a rifle, who 
cannot and will not allow themselves to 
be thus degraded to the level of rebels in 
order to have and hold membership in 
your order. 

A Bugle Call to Duty. 

Let me inquire what steps you will 
take in your meeting at Chicago against 
the vices which are too transparent not to 
be seen by yourselves. Are you going 
to condemn the opening of the ports of 
Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines to 
the sales of intoxicating liquors? What 
are you going to do about the ''canteen 
law ?" Are you going to take any steps 
to have the government saloon in the 
Soldiers' Home at Dayton, Ohio, abol- 
ished? Will you publicly condemn the 
custom of the saloon people of the cities 
where you convene, who placard their 
places of business by bidding a welcome 
to the members of the G. A. R. ? Chris- 
tian people are looking forward to you to 
make this great gathering rife with deeds 
of valiant men who once offered their 
lives to save the Republic from doom. 
You are the men who made it possible 
for President Lincoln to set the slaves 
free. You are the men to recommmend 
that the wives and daughters, the moth- 
ers and sisters of our country shall be 
free from the thralldom of the saloon. 
You well know that under the flag you 
helped to save from being desecrated by 
the enemies of the land, there is conduct- 
ed the vilest of all enterprises — the liquor 
traffic — and that it is the greatest curse 
of our age and country. Will you take 
some action to annihilate it so that not a 
vestige of it shall be found on American 
soil? Your influence brought to bear 
upon the administration and upon law- 
makers would soon show its effects upon 
the country for the better. In you is the 
mettle to do it, and what shall we say of 
the resolution ? 

To hold yearly camp fires among com- 
rades is not a matter to be condemned. 
It is but natural that it should be so ; but 
that such gatherings should be devoted 
to selfish ends, or that they should be al- 
lowed to pass by without so much as an 
expression from the hearts and lips of 
those who saved the country from the 
direst of woes, while the terrible ravages 
of vice and immorality of our times exist, 



August, 1900. 

is to be interpreted with tacit misappre- 
hension either of complications or indif- 

Shall we look for the encampment at 
Chicago to consider the matters here rec- 
ommended? Oh, how our hearts would 
rejoice if you should do so ! What a 
thrill would sweep over the country, that 
the old heroes of the civil war had taken 
action against the vices and immoralities 
practiced by the permission of the gov- 
ernment they saved from utter ruin in 
1 86 1 to 1865 ! How the wives of drunken 
men. many of them former soldiers, 
would join in the glad cry of hopeful re- 
lief ! How orphaned children would look 
up again at the approach of better days! 
The administration, law-makers and law- 
breakers, would learn a lesson in a single 
day. The Associated Press would ring 
with the tidings that the great encamp- 
ment of the old boys in blue had recog- 
nized their order to make it a thing of 
vital aggressiveness against every cor- 
rupting influence which seeks to blot the 
escutcheon of coming history ! 

Beautiful as a Golden-Shielded Army. 

What a sight it would be were the boys 
to march through the streets of Chicago 
carrying banners inscribed with the mot- 
toes of protection to the homes of Amer- 
ican women. Let me relate what my 
dream of such a gathering, having made 
the changes here suggested, would be if 
illustrated by some local artist. At the 
head of the procession would come the 
leaders upon white horses. These would 
wear the uniform of blue they wore in 
the service. Following these would come 
the boys in blue in uniform carrying ban- 
ners inscribed with mottoes as follows : 

"God and Native Land." "Purity and 
Patriotism." "The Honor of Home." 
"The Name of God in the Constitution." 
"The Protection of Mother, Sister, Wife 
and Daughter from the Ravages of the 
Saloon." "The Saloon Must Go." "No 
Liquor for Soldiers to Debauch Them." 
"No Exports of Liquor to Foreign 
Lands." "No Imports of Liquor." "We 
Favor the Purity of the Republic." "The 
Christian Church and Christian Educa- 
tion Essential to Good Citizenship." 

Back of these in carriages would be 
seen the wives of the old boys, mingled 
with their children. Back of these the 

artillerymen, and then the cavalry. Then 
would we also find thousands of citizens 
fall in line to give expressions of grati- 
tude and appreciation to and for those 
who had determined to spend their de- 
clining years in a service as valuable to 
home and country as was their service in 
the war of the rebellion. 

Comrades, this is written in the spirit 
of love to you all. I want you, before you 
go hence, to have something to say as to 
the morals of the Republic. George 
Washington in his farewell address said : 

"Can it be that Providence has not con- 
nected the permanent felicity of a nation 
with its virtues? The experiment, at 
least, is recommended by every sentiment 
which ennobles human nature. Alas ! is 
it rendered impossible by its vices?" 

Shall we heed the advice of the Father 
of his Country? Shall we assist to make 
what he desired possible? Speak out, 
comrades ; speak out, and let the world 
know that the prevailing vices and im- 
moralities in high and low places shall 
not prevent the virtues which are nur- 
tured at the Christian firesides of Ameri- 
can homes. Speak out against them that 
seek to overthrow virtue and her votaries, 
and thus make the few days of your re- 
maining life more fruitful by assisting to 
purify American society from all immor- 
alities, and make her what God ordained, 
the asylum of the oppressed of every 
land. Join in with the loyal lovers of the 
Republic and sing together — 

"Long may our land be bright 
With freedom's holy light ; 
Protect us by Thy might, 
Great God, our King." 

H. J. Becker (D. D.) 

Dayton, Ohio. 


Though an old Federal soldier and be- 
cause of a severe wound received in ser- 
vice a pensioner, there is but one thing 
about the G. A. R. that is not disgusting 
to mej from its name down through its 
whole history and management, and that 
one thing is the men that compose this 
order. I can never forget my noble old 
comrades of the Thirty-ninth Illinois, 
either the living or the dead, by whose 
side I fought in mortal combat and with 
whom I cheerfully suffered privations 

August, 1900. 



and hardships undreamed of in a later 

It is a comfort to me to know that my 
most intimate comrades waited, many of 
them a score of years, before uniting- with 
this order, whose name and management 
they despise, their excuse for joining be- 
ing simply the fact that this society con- 
trols the reunions of the comrades en- 
deared to them by ties whose strength 
and tenderness none but they can know. 

The "GRAND"-ILOQUENT title of 
the order I have never known to find a 
defender. Had the name VETERAN 
been chosen, which was the popular title 
given these defenders of the Union, even 
before the close of the war, no one could 
have objected, but the pompous, bom- 
bastic, inappropriate title selected was 
from the first the subject of ridicule, not 
least by old soldiers themselves. 

No one denies that the G. A. R. has 
much of the time been used as 

A Powerful Political Machine. 

I shall not dispute the statement that 
it has sometimes been used on the right 
side, but notoriously it has helped most 
unworthy men into office, men who never 
could have commanded their votes but 
for their connection with and often lead- 
ership in this secret order. 

No one more heartily despises the man 
who robs the government by securing a 
pension to which he is not entitled than 
does the true soldier, yet G. A. R. mem- 
bers feel bound to help their members, 
however unworthy, to get the pensions 
thev applv for. Let me give an instance. 

A man in DuPage County enlisted as 
a soldier, but before he even reached the 
South where he might render service he 
deserted and went to Kansas, where, un- 
der an assumed name, he stayed until the 
close of the war. He was a man of fam- 
ily, and at the request of neighbors, Gen- 
eral Farnsworth, then a member of Con- 
gress, secured a full pardon for him, and 
he soon after came home. He was not 
treated very cordially by old comrades 
at first, but the G. A. R. took him in after 
a while, and his old comrades, with their 
lodge obligations to help them, aided 
him to get a pension from the govern- 
ment, which he drew up to the time of 
his death. 

Only a lodge obligation could have led 
these honorable old soldiers to do such a 

dishonorable act, and only this devilish 
secret lodge influence could hold these 
old soldiers, many of them Christian men 
in this 

LawBreakin K , God-Defying Organization 

When its Grand Encampments are held 
in Prohibition States, its managers defy 
law by taking liquor by the car-load with 
them, and their utter disregard of the 
Sabbath is most notorious. 

Thirty years ago we heard everywhere 
the sentiment that to make treason odi- 
ous is the most effective way to show love 
of country. What has the G. A. R. ac- 
complished in this line? 

Far be it from me to stir up hatred 
against those who bravely fought to per- 
petuate that sum of all villainies— human 
slavery. They should be freely forgiven 
when repentant. But palsied be the voice 
that accords to these "mistaken warriors" 
the same honors that belong to the sav- 
iors of our nation, and palsied be the 
hand that would bedeck their graves 
with flowers the same as those of patriots 
— for the teaching of such an act is trea- 
son to the best government the sun ever 
shone upon, and is disloyalty to' Al- 
mighty God as well, who made manifest 
his will in the results of that war. 

What ideas of patriotism will the 
school children get from the G. A. R. 
orator who exhorts them to furnish flow- 
ers for decorating the graves of the men 
who on some Southern battlefield mur- 
dered their fathers, uncles and grand- 
fathers when they were defending their 
country ? 

Is it not time that the children were 
taught that there is a slight difference be- 
tween loving and hating one's country? 
that treason and patriotism are not syn- 
onymous terms ? Ezra A. Cook. 
Chicago, 111. 


As a matter of choice, I would take 
dog fennel, ragweeds, chintz bugs, or 
death itself as a benefit to the old soldier 
rather than the G. A. R. 

_ The G. A. R.. like all other secret so- 
cieties, has an ostensible purpose, and a 
real purpose. Its ostensible purpose is 
to perpetuate friendship and love for the 
old soldier: but it does not do anything 



August, 1900. 

of the kind, unless the old soldier hap- 
pens to belong to their order. Its real ob- 
ject is to be a clannish thing, and look 
after (in a way) the few who are mem- 
bers of their society. 

I think the statistics show that only 
four out of eleven of the ex-soldiers are 
members of the G. A. R. This would 
show that they themselves are dividing 
instead of unifying this element of so- 
ciety. There are, then, seven out of 
eleven old soldiers who are not, and can- 
not conscientiously belong to the G. A. R. 

This large majority of ex-soldiers, the 
G. A. R. take no interest in. In fact, they 
are opposed to most of them, and very bit- 
ter toward some because they fail to 
hoodwink them and rope them into their 
foolish and selfish, and, as we believe, de- 
grading institution. When I was sta- 
tioned at Payne, Ohio, from 1886 to 
1888, there were nine churches in the 
town, and nine regular pastors. I was 
the only old soldier among them. Many 
of the G. A. R. would patronize the min- 
istry of a rebel sympathizer rather than 
patronize me. This is evidence that the 
organization divides the old boys instead 
of uniting them together. 

It may be argued that the G. A. R. has 
certainly benefited the old soldier in the 
matter of legislation on the line of pen- 
sions. I doubt it. For this reason : the 
G. A. R. have advocated so many un- 
reasonable measures that they have actu- 
ally prejudiced legislation and society in 
general against the ex-soldiers' interest 
in many instances. I for one believe we 
would have better pension laws and a 
far better interpretation of them if the 
G. A. R. did not exist. 

On board the train from Los Angeles 
to San Francisco, Cal., four years ago, the 
following incident occurred: the news- 
boy came to me, and pointing to a few 
seats in front of where myself and wife 
were sitting he said, "That gentleman 
over there says he will bet me 25 cents 
that you are a minister.'' I drew out my 
card and said, "Please hand him this." 
He returned in a moment with the other 
man's card for me, and he proved to be 
the pastor of one of the most prominent 
churches of Galesburg, 111. I crossed 
over and soon was into a very heated dis- 
cussion of the lodge question, the main 
point being the G. A. R. He was a prom- 

inent member of the order. He asked : 
"What can you or anyone else say 
against the G. A. R. ?" I said, "First, it's 
a lie as to its name. It is no army at all. 
There is not a soldier in it. Everyone of 
you are civilians. Then, it's a lie as to its 
ostensible purposes," and" gave the argu- 
ment as written in this letter. "Then 
again it has ruined both of my brothers 
and many of my near relatives. My old- 
est brother was a bright, intelligent, spir- 
itual Christian man until he left the 
church and joined that fool society. Now 
he makes no pretensions to Christianity, 
but is almost an infidel. My youngest 
brother contracted the habit of drinking 
in the army. He would spend everything 
for liquors. We got him saved, and in 
the church, where he remained for two 
or more years, steady and faithful as an 
old wall sweep clock, until he was per- 
suaded to join the G. A. R., and he went 
to 'the bad' at once. He now is an utter 
moral and physical wreck." 

While I was making this practical ar- 
gument I noticed a very nervous fellow 
in the seat behind us. He finally jumped 
up and said: "I don't believe you were 
ever in the army at all. Any man that 
talks that way against the G. A. R. was 
never a soldier in the army.'' While he 
was frothing and foaming I was hauling 
out of my pocket my old army discharge. 
I shook this under his nose and said: 
"Sir, your unbelief cuts no figure in this 
matter. I meet men every day who say 
I don't believe the Bible, and they say it 
as though they expected that to invalidate 
the whole book. This discharge and four 
bullet holes in my hide beats your old 
copper button all to pieces as badges." 
The fellow actually wilted, while the 
Galesburg divine (?) slapped me on the 
shoulder and said: "Brother, you are 
right; that's what tells after all." 

You see now, Mr. Editor, I have 
proved my utter incapacity to write on 
the topic assigned me, unless I have writ- 
ten negatively. With true love for ail 
the old defenders of our great nation, I 
am yours, forever opposed to the clan- 
nish secret societies. 

P. B. Williams, 
Co. I, 118th Ohio Vol. Inft., 2d Brig. 2d 

Div 23d A. C, Dept. of the Ohio. Gen. 

John M. Schofield commanding. 


August. 1000. 





Editor Cynosure — Knowing me to 
have been a Union soldier, with an hon- 
orable discharge, you ask me why I am 
not affiliated with the "Grand Army of the 
Republic ?" 

I believe every organized secret fra- 
ternity is wrong. It is prompted by. and 
it engenders selfishness, and its influence 
tends to destroy all genuine benevolence. 
I believe that all such associations, with 
which the country is filled to-day, are in 
their principles, practices and influence 
contrary to the teachings of God's word, 
and hurtful to the souls of men. 

Such associations profane the sacred 
ordinance of the oath. Dr. Buck, in his 
Theological Dictionary, says : "An oath 
is a solemn affirmation wherein we ap- 
peal to God and in witness of the truth of 
what we say. and with an implication of 
His vengeance if what we affirm be false. 
or what we promise be not performed. 
Put this definition over against the im- 
pious and extra judicial oaths of the 
whole secret lodge system (the G. A. R. 
not excepted), and tell me. are they not 
blasphemous ? 

They assume and exercise religious 
functions, which belong to the church 
alone, and observe forms of worship, and 
degrade some of the most sacred usages 
of our common Christianity. The inia- 
tory ceremonies, so-called, better named 
tomfooleries of the lodgeroom. are far too 
foolish for one who has gotten beyond the 
callow years of youth. "When I became 
a man. I put away childish things." And 
again I hear my Lord say, "Have no fel- 
lowship with the unfruitful works oi dark- 
ness, but rather reprove them." 

I cannot bind myself with an oath to 
meet upon a level, or have all things in 
common with men who are not followers 
of my Lord and King ; much less with 
those who do not believe in him as a 
Savior, and who mock and deride both 
him and his followers, while I hear the 
divine injunction. "Be ye not unequally 
yoked together with unbelievers ; for 
what fellowship hath righteousness with 
unrighteousness? and what communion 
hath light with darkness !" 

(Rev.) Saml. H. Swartz. 
Pastor M. E. Church. Plainfield. 111. 


I need not and do not question the 
sincerity and patriotism of most of the 
members of the G. A. R. That organiza- 
tion doubtless includes many noble and 
excellent men. The controversy is not 
with motives but with methods. That a 
secret society having for its object to per- 
petuate the memories and glorify the 
deeds of war is a national calamity, as in- 
consistent with public good as it is with 
the principles of Christianity, I verily 

This organization originated soon 
after the close of the civil war i in 1866). 
It was organized by leading Free Ma- 
sons and Odd Fellows, and patterned 
largely after those orders. Its origina- 
tors sought to use the fascination and 
power of sworn secrecy to promote the 
interests of the ex-soldiers of the war. 
They found abundant material and in the 
demoralization of society (always the out- 
growth of war 1 they had their easy op- 
portunity. Their success was phenom- 
enal, and since then the G. A. R. has been 
a power in the nation. 

Besides the usual objections to all se- 
cret societies — that they are selfish, clan- 
nish and un-Christian in their nature — I 
protest against the G. A. R. for the fol- 
lowing reasons. 

1. It promotes and intensifies the mili- 
tary spirit. Whatever may be true of the 
rightfulness of war under some circum- 
stances (a right that cannot be main- 
tained on Christian principles), there can 
be no question as to the enormous cost 
and waste of war. the dreadful destruc- 
tion of life, not only on the battlefield but 
in the camp and hospital : the promotion 
of international hatred, and the general 
demoralization, not only of the soldiers 
but of society at large. The rational 
remedies for these evils are patience, for- 
bearance, negotiation, and arbitration ; 
and the greatest obstacle to their adop- 
tion is militarism. If the last half oi the 
nineteenth century has had fewer wars 
than any other portion of the world's his- 
tory, it is 'because peace principles have 
made some progress and arbitrations 
have become more frequent. But hero- 
worship and the glorification of the deeds 



August, 1900. 

of war have left also their sad impress on 
society. It is a remarkable fact that 
many of the sons of the soldiers of the 
civil war have had such an insatiable 
longing for a military life as to be en- 
tirely dissatisfied with any of the ordin- 
ary pursuits of peace. The war with 
Spain and the resulting war in the Phil- 
ippines was unquestionably forced upon 
the administration in spite of the convic- 
tions of President McKinley, by a wicked 
public sentiment that clamored for blood. 
That the results of this or any war may 
have been overruled for good, proves noth- 
ing to the point. Manifestly the same 
ends might have been accomplished at 
vastly less cost of life and treasure. 
Camp-fires, military parades and the 
glorification of the deeds of war have 
done much to develop the present spirit 
of militarism, which seems now likely to 
involve us in a world-wide conflict. 

2. I object to the G. A. R. because it 
has been used to secure an enormous sys- 
tem of pensions for the benefit of its 
members, and especially a vast number 
of fraudulent pensions. I concede the 
justice of a proper pension system. Those 
who have suffered in health or in limb in 
their country's service, or who have in- 
adequate means of support, ought to re- 
ceive the aid of the government. But 
when men of wealth draw large sums in 
pensions, and when others who are in ex- 
cellent health, with good business ca- 
pacity, a r e drawing pensions for total dis- 
ability, and when these facts are well 
known to the G. A. R., posts of which 
these pensioners are members, it is evi- 
dent that immense frauds are connived 
at, with an immense drain on our na- 
tional resources. The present expendi- 
ture for pensions has grown far beyond 
the estimate of the authors of the system. 
Presidents Grant and Garfield thought 
the pension list would never exceed sev- 
enty millions of dollars and would then 
steadily decline, It rapidly became more 
than twice that amount, and will probably 
increase as a result of the Spanish and 
Philippine wars. With a smaller stand- 
ing army than any other great nation we 
are spending more than any other nation 
in the world for military purposes. Even 
Russia, with an army of 800,000, has not 
m the last ten years paid out for military 
purposes as much as the United States, 

and this is mainly in pensions. As a re- 
sult of militarism our annual taxation per 
capita has increased from about one dol- 
lar a year to over nine dollars, and there 
are no signs of diminution. 

3. I object to the G. A. R. because it 
has greatly retarded the reform against 
secret societies. This is especially true 
here in Oberlin. Good men who had 
heretofore been active and efficient in op- 
posing the lodge system have, for various 
reasons, been induced to join the G. A. 
R., scarcely realizing that they were uni- 
ting with a secret society. The result has 
been that their mouths have been shut 
from any effective testimony against se- 
cret orders. A church which has exclud- 
ed Free Masons is always open to meet- 
ings of the G. A. R., and I hear the 
laudation of its ritual in the church 
prayer meetings. The practical effect 
has been to neutralize the testimony of 
the church, which now has among its 
members many who manifestly love the 
secret orders to which they belong far 
more than they do the kingdom of God. 
Practically the G. A. R. has made com- 
mon cause with Masonry, Oddfellowship, 
and other forms of lodgery, in debauching 
the public conscience as well as corrupt- 
ing the morals of its members. If organ- 
ized secrecy is a moral evil, it can never 
be compromised with or condoned with- 
out practically calling evil good and good 
evil ; and this has been the great mistake 
of those good men who have been se- 
duced into joining the G. A. R. We do 
well, in our attitude towards all forms of 
secretism, however plausible the pretext 
for their existence, to heed the Divine ad- 
monition, "Come ye out from among 
them and be ye separate, and touch not 
the unclean thing, and I will be a Father 
unto you and ye shall be my sons and 
daughters, saith the Lord Almighty." 

Oberlin, Ohio, July 15, 1900. 


If any one is expecting to pass through 
the State of Utah at any time this year 
and is willing to stop off and lecture on 
secret societies, will such please write to 
this office. One of our friends in Utah is 
anxious to have an address given in his 

August, 1900. 




The Grand Army as such seems to aim 
to influence legislation. The obligation 
taken by the early initiate had a political 
clause if we may trust the exposure which 
has been written. The candidate swears 
how he will vote. It is a political society 
which swears its members as to voting, 
and makes consent to selection of can- 
didates a matter of sworn obligation. "I 
will sustain for all offices of trust and 
profit, others things being equal, the 
citizen-soldier of the republic," is the ob- 
ligation said to be taken "without any 
mental reservation or equivocation," and 
under the express penalty of death. 

If it does not coerce citizens in polit- 
ical action, it is an unsoldierly farce. If 
it does coerce them it reduces those who 
once defended freedom to the abject con- 
dition of voting slaves. 


The "Grand Arrny Advocate" on Soldier 

"The differences between the soldier 
and the soldier hater constitute "soldier 
politics." It is not strictly partisan, 
Cleveland was a Nero ; but even the Dem- 
ocrats repudiate him, Harrison was a Re- 
publican, but Wall street downed him 
first and the old soldier beat him after- 
ward. McKinley is a Republican and 
has made a noble record in the wars of 
last year and this, but has never by word 
or act helped the old soldier — except to 
disappointment and chagrin. Where, 
then, is the old soldiers' politics? 

"Practically every administration for 
the last twelve years has brought to him 
disappointment and were it not that con- 
ventions always come before elections he 
might justly say in despair, This gov- 
ernment never will treat me as its savior. 
It will never do by me as it has by the 
men of '76 and 1812 and 1846 and the 
Indian wars. It will suffer me to die un- 
honored by the poor perquisite of a ser- 
vice pension while it rolls in wealth, and 
luxurious salaries, and wonderful, world- 
absorbing possibilities. It will fondly 
dote on my memorial flowers, but think 
nothing of my aches or pains or hunger 
while living, or of the honor that comes 
from fair monetary recognition from its 

treasury.' The old soldier is not ava- 
ricious, but he does not want his country 
to be sordid and he must interpose his 
politics to prevent this meanness." — 
Grand Army Advocate. 


(From Chicago Tribune editorial, July 17, 1899.) 

An act was passed four years ago for 
the relief of indigent war veterans and 
their families. The local authorities — in 
this county the County Board — are re- 
quired to make relief appropriations to be 
drawn on by the Commander and Quar- 
termaster of a Grand Army post. Those 
officers, and not the public authorities, 
determine how much relief shall be given 
and to whom, and their requisitions have 
to be honored blindly. It is alleged that 
Illinois is the only State which has such 
a law and Cook the only county in which 
it is carried out, and that as a consequence 
this county has become the Mecca of vet- 
erans and their families who are really 
indigent or who pretend to be so in order 
to get assistance. The constitutionality 
of the law may well be questioned. The 
Legislature has no authority to permit 
private parties to expend a part of the 
tax receipts. Nobody is- anxious, how- 
ever, to attack laws for the benefit of in- 
digent veterans unless those laws are 
grossly abused. If the Grand Army po.vrs 
have been granting relief too liberally 
they should change their methods. 

(See Laws of Illinois. Bradweil, 1895, 
pages 62 to 64, sections 130 to 137 in- 


Will Oppose Removal of Assistant Secretary 
Who Served with the Former Commis- 

Albany, N. Y., Thursday.— Trouble has 
arisen over the initial action of the reform 
Forest, Fish and Game Commission. This 
commission was appointed to take the place 
of the board whose administration had been 
fraught with scandals. 

Charles A. Taylor, of Oswego, the board's 
assistant secretary, a month ago was asked 
to resign, as the commissioners desired to 
have his position filled by a man of their own 
choice. Mr. Taylor is practically the execu- 
tive officer of the boai»'.. ;is complaints *>" 



August, 1900. 

violations of the tish and game laws aud of 
timber stealing are reported by him. 

Mr. Taylor agreed to resign, but at the last 
meeting told the commissioners he could not 
be removed because he was a veteran, and 
withdrew his resignation. 

Xathaniel Munger, who appeared with him, 
said to the commission: "I will call a meet- 
ing of the Council of Administration of the 
G. A. R., and we will employ David B. Hill 
as counsel and make a campaign issue of this 
unless Comrade Taylor is let alone." 

He was ordered from the room and Mr. 
Taylor was removed from his position. 

The Council of Administration of the G. 
A. R. met to-day and adopted a resolution to 
oppose Mr. Taylor's removal in the courts. 
They acted on the statements of Mr. Taylor 
and Mr. Munger. It is charged that the de- 
posed commission is interested in seeing that 
Taylor retains his place.— New York Herald, 
July 13. 

Judging from the Herald's report it 
would be inferred that under the board 
there had been scandals ; also that Taylor 
had acted under the board, and had more- 
over been its secretary and chief execu- 
tive officer ; also that the scandals devel- 
oped during a time when he was the of- 
ficer of the board whose duty it was to 
report violations of law. Under these cir- 
cumstances a commission was appointed. 
This commission desired another officer, 
as might have been expected, in view of 
the scandals. Upon this the secret or- 
der, called the Grand Army, interfered 
with the civil officers, threatening to 
make the case a campaign issue. 


The greed of certain Grand Army posts 
is measureless. Over forty of them in 
the State of Kansas have attacked the 
present commissioner of pensions with 
resolutions calling for his removal. One 
of them wants President McKinley re- 
moved, also, and calls upon the Deity to 
do it. Its exact language is that "it is 
just and proper to invoke a just God to 
remove a President that retains H. Clay 
Evans as pension commissioner." How 
the Almighty is to do this is not specified. 
Fortunately, the President is in reason- 
able health, and it is hardly to be sup- 
posed that these Kansas men desire his 
assassination. But when an honest and 
conscientious official is assailed as is Com- 
missioner Evans, it would seem to be 

time that the better sentiment of the 
Grand Army should be heard in his favor. 
We somehow hear from only the pension- 
grasping element in that organization,, 
even in its annual national conventions. 
— Boston Herald, July 8 (evening edi- 


Stillwell Post, G. A. K., Urging a Large In- 
crease in Pensions. 

Colfax, Iud., Feb. 11 (Special.)— Stillwell 
Post, G. A. R., is to enter politics. Resolu- 
tions have been adopted that a meeting of 
this Congressional district be called, and a 
candidate for Congress be nominated pledged 
to introduce and work for a bill to pension all 
Union soldiers at $1 a day. Steps will be 
taken to make a National organization along 
these lines. The action of the post has cre- 
ated a sensation in Grand Army and political 
circles. The many who condemn the plan of 
the post have computed that it would mean 
an increase of the pension expense to $325,- 
000,000 annually, and would compel the issue 
of $1,500,000,000 of bonds in ten years.— New 
York Weekly Tribune, Feb. 16, 1898. 

The temptation to utilize secret so- 
cieties for political purposes must in the 
nature of the case be dangerously strong. 
Such tendencies are not foreign to the 
Grand Army, for every member takes 
now, or used to take, the following polit- 
ical pledge : 

"I do solemnly swear, in the presence 
of Almighty God and these witnesses, 
my former companions in arms * * * 
that I will sustain for all offices of trust 
and profit, other things being equal, the 
citizen-soldier of the Republic." 


The total payments on account of pen- 
sions during President Grant's first term 
of four years were $116,136,275; during 
Grant's second term, $114,395,357 ; dur- 
ing President Hayes' term, $145,322,489; 
during the fiscal year ended June 30, 
1899, $138,253,922. 

It will be seen that the payments made 
in i8qq were for that year more than for 
the four years of President Grant's first 
or second term. 

Prohibitionists rejoiced when Uncle 
Sam forced Spain to take water. 

August, 1900. 




Speaking of the pension claims that 
may be allowed as a result of the war 
with Spain, Commissioner Evans says: 
'Immediately after the close of the war 
a large number of applications were made, 
amounting to 16,986 at the time I closed 
my recent annual report. Of this num- 
ber, 295 have been allowed. Many of 
the boys came home from that war feeling 
that they were entirely disabled, but after 
a few months of home treatment in a good 
climate they discovered that their dis- 
abilities were only temporary, and gave 
up the idea of applying for pensions. Not 
nearly so many applications from Spanish 
war veterans will be filed as was at first 
estimated. Years hence in all probabil- 
ity there will be a good many who will re- 
ceive pensions on account of disease con- 
tracted in Cuba, but the disease will not 
show itself for a long time." 


The late Gen. John Bidwell served in 
the war with Mexico, was Brigadier 
General of the California militia during 
the civil war, and later was a Represen- 
tative to Congress. In 1892 General Bid- 
well was the Prohibition candidate for 
President, and the following letter from 
him, written at that time, to William I. 
Phillips, is a fine specimen of Christian 
patriotism and courage : 

San Francisco, Cal., Aug. 27, 1892. 
My Dear Sir : 

''Your esteemed favor of the, 15th is re- 
ceived. Your right to question me I 
very cheerfully concede and answer : 

"I once belonged to the Masonic fra- 
ternity. But my membership I permit- 
te4 to lapse. Have not been in a Ma- 
sonic lodge for over twenty years, and 
never expect to be in one again. Am op- 
posed to secret societies — even benevo- 
lent ones — on general principles. Life is 
too short and they waste too much time. 
They are too expensive. Secret politi- 
cal societies I regard as most danger- 

"With assurances of great respect, I 
have the honor to be, yours very sin- 

(Signed.) John Bidwell. 

Hero* of @ur HJori 



If we may except Wheaton, Chicago 
Avenue Church, and possibly half a dozen 
other favored communities, there are few 
places upon which so much anti-secret 
labor and literature have been bestowed 
as upon the village of Schuyler's Lake 
and surroundings, in Otsego County. 
New York. 

For many years annual visits have 
been made to this place, beautiful of sit- 
uation, nestled among the hills, by such 
intrepid men as Rathbun, J. P. Stoddard, 
Kellogg, W. B. Stoddard and others. 

Wherever we went the "footprints on 
the sands of time" of these men were 
manifest. As related to our work this 
community may be compared to a gar- 
den under a high tension of cultivation. 
At an early day the good seed was prayer- 
fully scattered upon these hilltops and 
through the valleys, alike to those inside 
and outside the lodge, until from an anti- 
secret standpoint the masses may be said 
to De fairly intelligent. The Psalmist has 
said : "They that sow in tears shall reap 
in joy. He that goeth forth and weepeth, 
bearing precious seed shall doubtless 
come again with rejoicing, bringing his 
sheaves with him." Like the parable of 
the Sower, the anti-secret seed seems to 
have fallen into diverse soils, producing 
varied fruits. 

Assurances are not wanting that many 
have been saved from the thralldom of the 
lodge and are giving consistent, helpful 
testimony against this giant iniquity. We 
met one young man who, while admitting 
that we had done an effectual work in 
crippling the lodge and staying its 
growth in that vicinity, yet as for himself 
he hoped to join the Masons as soon as 
he could arrange to do so. He believed 
what he had learned from anti-secret lec- 
tures and printed literature, that secret 
fraternities show special favoritism to 
their own, and that was what he was in 
quest of. This young man had person- 
ally witnessed the benefit to those belong- 
ing to an order whose members could be 
recognized and favored over the uninitia- 



August, 1900. 

ted. He had attended the World's Expo- 
sition at Chicago in 1893. In traveling- 
he had come across a companionable Ma- 
son who "knew the ropes.'' When they 
had reached the depot they hastened for 
their baggage, only to find an almost in- 
terminable line of rich and poor, young 
and old. women and children, all wearied 
and fatigued, patiently awaiting their 
turn to receive their luggage. Our Ma- 
sonic companion said: "Follow me, and 
I will get your baggage without delay." 
The two stepped outside the line, made 
a certain sign to the baggage man, passed 
up their checks, received their baggage 
and saved, perhaps, forty minutes' time. 
This is what Masons mean when they de- 
clare it a good thing for a traveling man 
to belong to the lodge. Place yourself in 
that regulation line of weary baggage- 
seekers, and answer the question, How 
do you like it? The incident beautifully 
illustrates the selfish basic principles upon 
which all secret societies are organized. 
How long, think you, the Presbyterian 
Church would continue to prosper were 
the lines leading to the free delivery in 
the postoffice or to the cashier's window 
in the bank to be broken for the special 
benefit of Presbyterians? 

For many years our lecturers could 
safely challenge any audience to cite 
a single institution erected by Masons, 
even for the good of their own, much less 
for the public weal. They have finally 
built quite a respectable home just out- 
side of Utica for their lodge dependencies. 
If they have any other home of its kind 
in any of the States we are not aware of 
it. Just what they do for the inmates of 
the home we could not learn, but from 
the amount of blowing we heard of that 
one institution, not only from the coun- 
ties adjacent to Utica but throughout the 
State one would suppose they were feed- 
ing, clothing and educating the perish- 
ing multitudes of India. 

As an evidence that the lodges are not 
indifferent to our annual visits to Schuy- 
ler's Lake we may say that on our return 
to Livingston County more than one hun- 
dred and fifty miles distant, we learned 
from a credible source that they had been 
discussing in their local lodges the prob- 
able effect of Hitchcock's visit to Ostego 

We are told by the fraternities that 

lodges have come to stay, and with this 
statement many of our cowering anti- 
secretists reluctantly concur. We don't 
believe it. We believe that as slavery in 
our land was its own destroyer, so in time 
our lodges will commit suicide. It can 
be easily shown that the older and more 
popular orders are related to and indi- 
rectly responsible for the unhappy condi- 
tion of our industrial classes and dis- 
turbed labor market. 

When all our cities and towns have 
been scourged as have St. Louis, Cleve- 
land and Chicago, then will the cause and 
cure for our social and industrial disquiet 
be investigated and then will an open 
hand and free publicity of men's acts be 


July 2, 1900. 

In accordance with my appointment, I 
represented the National Christian As- 
sociation before the General Synod of the 
(Holland) Christian Reformed Church, 
and explained briefly the character and 
work of the National Christian Associa- 
tion. I expressed the thankfulness of the 
Association for the contributions which it 
had received from the churches and indi- 
viduals and urged the members of the 
synod to take up more regular collections 
in the future, if possible, and I hope that 
this will be done. 

The undersigned was appointed a dele- 
gate of the General Synod to the annual 
meeting of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation for 1 90 1 and 1902. 

I distributed the catalogues and litera- 
ture you kindly sent me. If you desire to 
have an agent to sell your publications to 
the Holland people, I can recommend Mr. 
J. B. Hulst, 5th avenue, Grand Rapids,. 
Mich. He is a Christian man, a reliable 
bookdealer and is in favor of the N. C. A. 
work and is willing to do what he can on 
reasonable terms. I would advise that 
something in that line be done because 
it is the best way to make the work of 
the association more widely known and 
beneficial to our people. 

The Synod of 1898 appointed a com- 
mittee to prepare an elaborate explana- 
tion and defense of the position of our 
church against secret societies. The com- 
mittee were Revs. A. Keizer, K. Kniper, 

August, 1000. 



J. Wyngaarden, and J. Groen. The re- 
port of said committee was read before 
this Synod, just held, and it was unani- 
mously adopted and ordered to be pub- 
lished in the Holland, English and Ger- 
man languages. Yours fraternally, 

(Rev.) J. Groen. 
Zeeland, Mich. 


On train in Cumberland Valley, Pa., 

July 1 8, 1900. 

Dear Cynosure : I have had some ex- 
periences during the month past different 
from any met before. When working 
north of Philadelphia a man by the name 
of D. G. Fetterolf came to me and stated 
that he had for some time been anxious 
to see me. He had heard of the trouble 
I had been making in the community by 
opposing the lodges. He wished to chal- 
lenge me to a discussion. He would be 
willing to secure the hall at Kulpsville, 
Pa., and meet me in discussion at any 
time it would suit me. This certainly 
was a kind offer, and I have promised to 
give him an early date. Mr. Fetterolf is 
an auctioneer by profession. That he is 
much enlisted in the cause of secret so- 
cieties is apparent. I hope to announce 
the date of our discussion in my next. 

My visits in Montgomery and Berks 
Counties revealed the fact that there was 
no backward movement along the line of 
our reform. Friends were everywhere 
kind and considerate. I held meetings 
in the German Baptist Church, Norris- 
town, that brought new subscribers and 
enlisted new friends. Fairview Village, 
Lansdale, and Schwenksville were among 
the most helpful towns visited in that sec- 
tion. In coming this way I began work 
at the State line — the noted Mason and 
Dixon line, formerly dividing the free 
from the slave. A Sabbath at Middleburg, 
Pa., brought good audiences to hear the 
messages we had to bring, and God 
blessed us in the presentation of his truth. 
Chambersburg, Pa., has been the center 
of our efforts for a time. I found the 
well-known "King Street" Radical Uni- 
ted Brethren Church in a prosperous con- 
dition. Your agent is always welcome 
here. Our State Vice President, Rev. G. 
S. Seiple, is pastor. I preached to full 

houses in this and the Salem U. B. 
Churches and at the Mt. Pleasant U. B: 
Church gave a lecture Monday evening. 
Notwithstanding it was hot, dry and very 
dusty there was a large turnout of the 
young people. They began to come at 
8:15 and were still coming at 9 o'clock. 
I spoke until nearly 10 o'clock. It was 
believed much good was accomplished. I 
have thought of the Cumberland Valley 
in connection with the next Pennsylvania 
State convention. So far as learned 
friends at Chambersburg favor its com- 
ing there. 

The United Brethren camp meeting at 
Kauffman last year afforded me an op- 
portunity to get and do good. The in- 
vitation to be present again this year is 
very cordial. The presiding elder urges. 
I hope to get there. This meeting begins 
Aug. 1 and continues one week. 

Friends writing can address me at 
Kauffman, Pa., until Aug. 7. There are 
'Brethren' at large my work goes welL 
through this valley. As I am kind of a 
Brethren at large my work goes well. 
Our train runs into Hagerstown, Md., 
and I must close. 

W, B. Stoddard. 


Robert Jones, Esq., a Faithful Witness, Stirs 
the Masons. 

A very spirited discussion arose at the 
Central District meeting of the Method- 
ist Church recently held in the Queen 
Street Church, Toronto, Canada, over 
the reports on church membership in the 
district. Mr. Robert Jones, of Eglinton, 
Ont., criticised the Masonic and other 
orders in strong language because of their 
adverse influence. He said in substance 
that from information obtained from 
clergymen, who had left the order, and 
from other sources he was of the opinion 
that Freemasonry was the most sinful in- 
stitution on the face of the earth, with no 
exception whatever ; that neither the 
Clan-na-Gael nor the Ku-Klux-Klan was 
as bad as the Masonic order ; that reform 
was required immediately. If ministers 
adhered to such an institution as Free- 
masonry and took the profane and blas- 
phemous oaths, as he understood them 
to be — oaths indeed almost exceeding the 



August, 1900. 

devil in blasphemy 

- Just here Bro- 
ther Tones' speech was cut short. Two 
laymen pounced upon him with fiery in- 
dignation for daring to assail Masonic in- 

Then the writer arose and said that it 
was a lamentable fact, as the records 
show, that the membership of the Meth- 
odist Church in the whole district had 
only increased by eight in the past year. 
He" said that there must be some cause 
for such a sad state of things and that he 
thought that there was a great deal of 
truth in what Bro. Jones had said in re- 
lation to secret societies. They were not 
helpful in the development of spiritual 
life. The writer closed his remarks by 
giving the following resolution passed by 
the Conference of the Methodist Church 
in Canada Aug. 25, 1824: 

"Resolved, That this body consider it 
contrary to the spirit of the gospel and 
the feelings of its members for any Meth- 
odist minister to become a member of or 
frequent any Masonic lodge ; and in or- 
der to prevent the evil arising from this 
source, we resolve, secondly, that if any 
traveling minister is known to join or fre- 
quent such lodges, he shall be dealt with 
as in other cases of improper conduct.' 1 ' 
If the Methodists at that time were right, 
said the speaker, then the Methodists of 
to-day are wrong. He believed the con- 
ference of 1824 was right. Not one min- 
ister opened his mouth in defense of Free- 
masonrv. (Rev.) W. R. Roach. 


Seceto' Ie0ttmome0* 


Hooversville, Pa., June 24, 1900. 

I first belonged to the Grand Army of 
the Republic. I was a member for a few 
years. It may profit the men who always 
have the money to pay into the treasury 
and those who seek office and worldly 
gain and those who love the things of this 
world more than the Lord Jesus Christ, 
but it is no place for a Christian. 

Afterwards I joined the order of Amer- 
ican Mechanics, but left them for the 
same reason that I left the G. A. R. 

Amaniah Lohr. 

New Smyrna, Fla., March 18, 1900. 
Dear Christian Cynosure: 

A friend occasionally sends me a copy 
of your publication, which I read with 
interest. Some years ago I took a de- 
gree of Masonry, and went through the 
three degrees of K. of P., which effectu- 
ally cured me in that direction, as the first 
cigar cured me from ever using tobacco. 

I was born into this world an idiot, and 
have had a sore time through this world 
in consequence. However, I never used 
profane language, nor intoxicants, nor 
tobacco, nor adultery, so that I may have 
a better record before God than many 
who are not idiots. Twenty years ago I 
got to my knees, an idiotic proceeding, 
according to many and very many, and 
asked God to give me the right under- 
standing of the Scripture, which He gra- 
ciously granted. In consequence I un- 
derstand the Scriptures in many respects 
better than all the intellectual divines on 
the face of the earth. I have ceased wor- 
shiping eminent divines, leaving that to 
those who will eventually worship the 
beast, saying, "who is like unto the 
beast ?" I have learngd it is better to pay 
all worship and adoration to God. 

Some Christian authors and publishers 
get the impression that if I am such a 
prodigy that I can prevail with God to 
bestow on me heavenly wisdom that I 
would be just suited for their purposes, 
and that I could perform a great miracle 
in flooding the land with their books and 
publications. I have learned from experi- 
ence that people generally would as soon 
take a slap in the face as to be asked to 
subscribe for anything religious. A 
Christian author lately wrote me that if 
I would sell for him enough of his books, 
which in the ordinary way of business 
would give me $4 cash, that he would 
give me — not pay me — but give me two 
books, equal to $1.50 in value. I do not 
think meanness is altogether confined in- 
side of secret societies. Don't you think 
it mean to try and take such advantage 
of my idiocy? True, God has given me 
some blessing in this as well as in the 
understanding of the Scriptures. God 
works by picking up weak things and 
base things, but I suppose I ought to 
learn whether he intends me to sell books 

August, 1000. 



and publications, especially on an inade- 
quate commercial basis. 

Wm. Webster. 

Hero PuMicattott0* 


A New Took "for Our Boys and Their 

A book crowded with things a boy 
ought to know. Chapters on "Rights," 
"Health," "Habits," "Recreations," "As- 
sociations," "Education," "Library," 
"Future," "Ambition," "Religion.'' An 
appendix is added, containing a list of 
fifty books suitable for a boy's library. 

In this book, special attention is called : 
i st, to responsibilities of parents ; 2d, edu- 
cation for both worlds ; 3d, success as God 
counts success. 

About 125 pages. Price, in flexible 
binding, 30 cents, postage paid ; 25 per 
cent, off on dozen lots. Address all orders 
to the author, Rev. X. B. Ghormley, 
Humbird, Wis. 

"The Inner and Outer Life of Holi- 
ness," by Dugan Clarke, M. D. Publish- 
ing Association of Friends, 208 Central 
Union Block, Chicago. 

I had the pleasure of hearing Dr. 
Clarke in the Friends meeting house in 
Bessbrook, Ireland, some years ago on 
the theme of this little book of one hun- 
dred pages. 

Holiness is harmony with God, the in- 
terior life of thought. Affection and will 
are brought into union and subjection to 
the mind and heart of God, and thus all 
the exterior relations and activities of 
life are also in harmony with the will of 
God, in doing and in suffering, his will 
while doing his work. It is a blessed 
book, full of faith, hope, love, joy and per- 
fect peace. Let every Christian read it 
and find soul victorv and rest. J. C. 

"Pagan Counterfeits in the Christian 
Church," by Chas. A. S. Temple, is a 
new volume of 187 pages, second edition, 
enlarged and improved, from the Pacific 
Press Publishing Co. of Oakland, Cal. It 
is a righteous and much needed plea 
against those man-made services and 

worships which in every age, from the 
days of Moses until now, have sought to 
charm the affections away from "the sim- 
plicity there is in Christ." Satan has al- 
ways sought to slip some cold statue or 
lifeless picture between the needy, strug- 
gling soul of man and Christ, to keep it 
from getting too near the warm and beat- 
ing bosom of eternal love. This new 
book comes as a revelation, unfolding the 
adroit schemes of the arch-deceiver, 
through a worldly and sometimes apos- 
tate church. As in the days of the proph- 
ets, they teach for the ordinances of 
Moses, "the commandments of men." 
Easter, Christmas, Lent, the religious rit- 
ualism and multiplied symbolisms of 
Freemasonry, all are brought in by the 
Puritanic old author in a way which 
proves that there is another man who has 
not bowed to Baal. He writes in a way 
which adds dignity to his fine picture on 
the first page of his book. He says some 
things respecting the observance of the 
seventh-day Sabbath, which does not 
harmonize with the idea of honoring the 
Son with a Sabbath as the Father is hon- 
ored, but of which prophets spoke and 
the apostles observed as "the Lord's day" 
from the beginning, and which the lov- 
ing Savior recognized and sanctioned by 
his presence and breathing upon them the 
Holy Ghost. Also a final sanction was 
given to John on Patmos, when Christ 
filled him for a great work with "the 
Spirit on the Lord's day." L. X. S. 

"Behold the Bridegroom Cometh," by 
Rev. A. Sims, with an introduction by 
Rev. Wilson T. Hogg, editor Free Meth- 
odist. Published and for sale by the au- 
thor at Kingston, Out., Can.. 140 pages, 
well printed, neatly and beautifully 
bound in crimson and gold. Price, 50 

All orthodox believers in the gospel, 
who know Rev. A. Sims from tongue or 
pen, know that he is sound. He is at 
home on the above topic. Every chapter 
of this book is a gem and deserves close 
study and prayerful perusal. Mr. Moody 
says in his little work of Christ's second 
coming, "St. Paul speaks in his writings 
but thirteen times about baptism and 
about Christ's second coining fifty." But 
believers to-day reverse these subjects as 
to prominence. Brother Sims treats upen 



August, 1900. 

the signs of Christ's speedy coming in the 
following chapters : I . Progress of 
Knowledge ; 2. Aggressive Missionary 
Movements : 3. Earthquakes, Famines, 
Pestilences ; 4. Signs in the Sun, Moon, 
and Stars ; 5. Fearful Sights and Signs 
from Heaven ; 6. Distress of Nations ; 7. 
Decline of Piety ; 8. Worldliness ; 9. Apos- 
tasy ; 10. Increase of Crime; 1 1. Capital 
and Labor ; 12. Church Losing Ground ; 
13. Prophecies; 14. Indifference of 
Church and World to Christ's Coming. 
People everywhere should read, mark and 
prayerfully meditate upon this great sub- 
ject and wake up the church and the 
world, now alike asleep, and get them 
ready to meet the bridegroom. 

"The train hath set forth for the mar- 

The bridegroom is on his way, 
And speedily cometh the midnight, 

Awaken and watch and pray." 

M. W. Knapp, office of Revivalist, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio; 320 pp. Price, $1, cloth. 

"Word and Work of David J. Lewis," 
a young Quaker preacher, whose sincer- 
ity and faith, purpose and power caused 
him to rise like a meteor in the sky of 
church and social life. He was born in 
1859, converted in 1882, and died in great 
peace in 1899, bearing many garnered 
sheaves. Like Bramwell, Summerfield 
and Pollock, he did his work quickly and 
was early called home. A relative evi- 
dently, "E. H. L." has prepared the 
memoir, which fills 82 pages of the vol- 
ume, and a compilation of twenty select- 
ed sermons preached by Brother Lewis 
make up the balance of the book of 320 

This is the history of a man who 
possessed profound convictions and with 
the solitary aim of a columbiad traveled 
forward with power toward the execution 
of its purpose. He aimed at manliness 
of personal character, purity of heart, the 
exaltation of Christ, and to inculcate a 
better understanding of the Holy Scrip- 
tures among the people, and the presence 
and leadership of the Holy Ghost as the 
privilege and birthright of all God's peo- 
ple. Many revivals were the results of 
his preaching, and many were the troph- 
ies he won for the great Master. Most of 
these yet remain to battle in the moral 
conflict, while he has passed on to shout 
with the millions on high. Published by 

3tero0t>at>er0 an) Monti 


"Great things are to be done by or- 
ganization, but we are in danger of be- 
ing organized to death. At this rate it 
would occasion no surprise were a so- 
ciety to be formed for the buttoning of 
boots, the chewing of gum, or the solv- 
ing of problems in simple addition. 

The primal need of the time is the de- 
velopment of individual power ; patient 
study, purposeful individual effort ; and 
an individual, not a corporate, con- 
science." — Young People, June 17, organ 
of Baptist Y. P. Union, pub. by Am. 
Bap. Pub. Soc, Phil. 


If there is one tendency of the day 
which more than any other one is un- 
healthy and undesirable, it is the tenden- 
cy to deify mere "smartness," unaccom- 
panied by a sense of moral accountabil- 
ity. We shall never make our Republic 
what it should be until as a people we 
thoroughly understand and put in prac- 
tice the doctrine that success is abhor- 
rent if attained by the sacrifice of the 
fundamental principles of morality. The 
successful man, whether in business or in 
politics, who has risen by conscienceless 
swindling of his neighbors, by deceit and 
chicanery, by unscrupulous boldness and 
unscrupulous cunning, stands toward so- 
ciety as a dangerous wild beast. The 
mean and cringing admiration which 
such a career commands among those 
who think crookedly or not at all makes 
this kind of success perhaps the most 
dangerous of all the influences that 
threaten our National life. Our standard 
of public and private conduct will never 
be raised to the proper level until we 
make the scoundrel who succeeds feel the 
weight of a hostile public opinion even 
more strongly than the scoundrel who 
fails. — Gov. Roosevelt in Century Mag- 

August, 1900. 




President McKinley may find it de- 
sirable to take advantage of his card as 
a member of the Chicago Bricklayers' 
and Stonemasons' Union, and act as ar- 
bitrator of the present Chicago building 
trades tie-up if the matter becomes any 
more complicated than it is. Before the 
Industrial Commission to-day George 
P. Gubbins, who, in the organization, is 
superior in rank of President McKinley, 
having, as president of the union, assist- 
ed in initiating the President, said that 
he would be willing to have the entire 
matter referred to an arbitration com- 
mittee, to be selected by the President, if 
the contractors would agree to such a 
proposition. Mr. Gubbins made this 
declaration in answer to a question from 
a member of the committee, who seemed 
to believe that the President could be 
persuaded to act. 

"We would have to change our rules," 
said Herman Lillien, President of the 
Hodcarriers and Building Laborers, "if 
we were to consent to allow the President 
to take any action. We already have our 
arbitration board and to be a member of 
it one must be a hodcarrier. President 
McKinley is a bricklayer, but I do not 
know how he would be eligible in that 
capacity to act for us unless we changed 
our rules.'' — Times, Washington, D. C. 



Judas Iscariot is a fine specimen of a 
member of a secret society. By refer- 
ring to Luke 22 : 4-6 we have a record 
of Judas that reminds us of the modern 
lodge man. "In the absence of the mul- 

1. For gain, Judas meets the enemies 
•of Christ and promises to betray Him 
unto them. 

Sj« * * * SK * $ 

In the end there was no gain for Ju- 
das, but an infinite loss. The lodge man 
on the average, loses two-thirds of his 
money, but this is not the greatest loss, 
he loses his spiritual power, the witness 

of the Holy Spirit, and his peace and joy 
in the Holy Ghost. 

2. Judas proves to be a traitor. Every 
married man, as soon as he joins an 
oath-bound secret society, turns traitor 
to his home and to his wife. 

3. Judas went to the devil. When Sa- 
tan enters a man he will soon have him 
subject to his own will. We will leave 
lodge members to decide for themselves 
the final destiny of all traitors and spe- 
cially traitors to the home and the 
church. "Have no fellowship with the 
unfruitful works of darkness, but rather 
reprove them." (Eph. 5-1 1.) — Christian 
Conservator (L T . B.). 


Those who are saved must cease to do 
evil and learn to do good. The seal of 
church approbation cannot be put upon 
them until this is done. To do otherwise 
would be to be partaker with them in sin. 
A man is known by the company he 
keeps. So a church is known by those 
whom she admits into her fellowship. 
She becomes in a measure responsible 
for them. When she is known to be 
honey-combed through and through with 
thieves and robbers, her power to re- 
strain evildoers is forever gone. So it is 
in regard to other evils which she may 
condemn. To condemn and yet embrace 
at the same moment will excite only ridi- 
cule and contempt. When she finds her- 
self in this pitiable plight, the only rem- 
edy is to repent and put away the evil- 
doer from her midst. For by choosing 
to fellowship evil she will lose the fel- 
lowship of Christ, whose fellowship is 
everything to her. It is not simply a 
question of gaining members, but one of 
losing the favor of Christ, to whom the 
fellowship of idols is an abomination. It 
is not a question of what we ourselves 
like, but of what pleases Christ. — Chris- 
tian Instructor (U. P.). 


For months past the labor troubles in 
this city have been of a serious charac- 
ter. More recently they have assumed 
the form of a limited reisfn of terror. For 


August, 1900. 

no other offense than that of employing 
non-union men on the part of contract- 
ors and of accepting employment as non- 
union men on the part of laborers, men 
of both classes have in numerous in- 
stances been attacked, beaten, rendered 
senseless, and some of them permanent- 
ly and even fatally injured. 

It is this unwarranted method of the 
labor unions. even more perhaps than the 
mere fact of their being secret societies, 
that should cause truly Christian men to 
stand aloof from them ; and certainly this 
of itself is a sufficient ground for disap- 
probation of such societies on the part 
of the Free Methodist Church. — The 
Free Methodist, May 8, 1900. 


Action of General Assembly 

Oath-bound, Christ-denying secret so- 
cieties are rapidly multiplying in number 
and constantly increasing in member- 
ship. The Assembly regards them as the 
foe of the home, the church and the na- 
tion. It reiterates the church's Testi- 
mony against them, warns its members, 
especially its young men and women, to 
guard against enticement to join them, 
and calls upon Christians everywhere to 
come out from among them and to be 
separate that they may be the sons and 
daughters of the Lord Almighty. — The 
Midland. j!. ■ # 

Fraternal Delegate. 

Rev. Samuel H. Swartz was also in- 
troduced as a delegate from the National 
Christian Association, opposed to secret 
societies. He is the president of the As- 
sociation, which has been in existence 
since 1868. He conveyed the greetings 
of the Association, and in earnest words 
commended the staunch opposition of our 
church to secretism. The speaker is a 
minister of the Methodist church, and 
expressed deep regret that this great 
body does not take a right position on 
the question. He declared that the life 
and work of that church are unfavorably 
affected by the influence of the lodge. 
He showed that secretism is essentially 
the foe of civil society, the home and the 
church. The address was a strong one, 
but many felt that the speaker transcend- 

ed the bounds of propriety when he un- 
dertook to advise the Assembly as to 
what its action should be on a question 
of administration which had been and 
would again be discussed. — The Midland. 
It seemed a providential circumstance 
that Dr. Samuel Swartz, representative 
of the anti-secret movement, should be 
introduced to the Assembly in the midst 
of the discussion on that subject and be 
led to make one of his most stirring ap- 
peals against letting down the bars for 
the admission of secretists into the 
church. It was in line with his mission 
to the Assembly and he did not travel 
out of his way at all. God must have 
said to him by His Spirit : "I have set 
thee a watchman unto the house of Is- 
rael ; therefore thou shalt hear the word 
at my mouth, and warn them from me." 
Those who take it upon themselves to 
criticise him for his faithfulness have 
perhaps forgotten who sent him. The 
bitterness was in the medicine, not in the 
doctor. — The Christian Instructor. 


It is a well-known fact that secret so- 
cieties often make demands with which 
the church cannot comply without do- 
ing violence to her sacred duty. Said so- 
cieties are apt to be especially officious 
when their members are to be buried by 
a Lutheran minister. This was especially 
the case not long ago in one of our large 
cities. The insolence of the? lodge in this 
instance was even worse than usual. The 
person to be buried was a member of the 
Daughters of America. Her pastor was 
requested by her husband to attend to 
the burial ceremonies. The pastor of 
course told the members of the lodge 
that they could have nothing to do in an 
official way with the funeral. They ap- 
pealed to the husband of the deceased, 
but he said he could do nothing in the 
matter. The pastor insisted that he could 
not yield and declared his intention to 
conduct the last rites without permitting 
any interference on the part of the secret 

Notwithstanding all the warning they 
had received the women still persisted. 
The report that was sent us says : 

The coffin was removed from the 
house to the hearse in the midst of a 


August, 1900. 


noisy throng, and the police had great 
difficulty in preserving order. As it 
passed through the crowd the coffin was 
covered with the flag by two ladies of the 
Daughters of America, and this caused 
an outburst of applause from their sym- 
pathizers in the crowd. They cheered 
and cheered again, making a painful con- 
trast with the sobs and tears of the 
mourners who were entering the car- 
riages to follow the remains to the 

Then began a race to the church, be- 
tween the Daughters of America, who 
-occupied several hacks and the funeral 
proper, led by the hearse bearing the re- 
mains. Several hundred persons ran 
along the streets after the carriages, 
many of them being women of the 
Daughters of America, who loudly de- 
nounced the pastor for what they termed 
Tiis "insult of the flag." 

When the pallbearers were removing 
the coffin from the hearse to take it into 
the church, four of the Daughters of 
America caught the flag from the coffin, 
ran toward the steps and made a canopy 
out of the Stars and Stripes at the en- 
trance, shouting: 

"We'll make them pass under the flag 
into the church. The flag must be on 
top !" 

The husband of the dead woman and 
the immediate members of the family 
were apparently deeply pained by the 
turbulent scene. As the coffin was be- 
ing borne up the center aisle, the church 
was densely crowded, mostly by women. 
Many persons stood on the seats, and 
there was a general hum of excitement. 

The pastor beckoned for order and 
then began solemnly : 

"I would ask those who are standing 
up or walking around to be quiet or get 
seats. At least let us remember that we 
are in the house of God." 

Then there was quiet and the organ 
began to play "Rock of Ages." As the 
pastor retired for a moment to the ves- 
try, a grey-haired woman, wearing a 
Daughters of America badge, rushed up 
the center aisle and spread the American 
flag over the coffin. There was a general 
ripple of excitement at this incident, and 
an uneasy feeling spread through the 

"Nearer, My God, to Thee," was then 

sung as the remains were borne down 
the aisle, and in the meantime the greater 
number of those present, apparently 
moved by a general impulse, rushed to- 
wards the door. 

"The Bible must go on top of that cas- 
ket," said a fair-haired little woman who 
stood outside the door with the Bible in 
her arms. "Our sister must be buried 
our way." Some of the crowd hissed, 
others cheered and there was a general 
disturbance which Sergeant Hoyle and 
five officers had quite a time suppressing. 
As the coffin appeared outside the 
church door, a white cross of carnations 
was apparently on top of the flag. 

"The flag has to be over all," shouted 
a big, stout-built lady, and just then 
three or four women leaned over ihe 
shoulders of the pallbearers and grabbed 
the flag and put it on top, covering the 
white cross of flowers. Hurriedly the 
coffin was carried through the throng to 
the hearse, amid cheers and counter 
demonstrations. Just as it was being 
placed in the hearse, the fair-haired 
woman, carrying the Bible, rushed for- 
ward and dumped the big book on the 

"There it is," she shouted, "Now let 
them take it off!" and she shook her 
hand in the air defiantly. 

"We'll drive the man that insulted the 
flag out of our city," said one of the 
Daughters of America, as she leaned out 
of a hack. The others agreed with her 
and were loud in their denunciation of 
the pastor. 

Thus some people abuse the flag and 
the Bible and then rail at him who ob- 
jects to their unholy deeds. It was not 
the flag and the Book that the pastor ob- 
jected to, but the intermeddling of a se- 
cret society in the duties of his office. We 
hope that the insolence of the people re- 
ferred to will serve to open the eyes of 
those who look upon secret societies as 
harmless and inoffensive institutions. — 
Lutheran Standard, April 28, 1900. 


In the present Ministry there are said 
to be four Freemasons — Signor Finoc- 
ciaro-Aprile, Minister of Justice ; Signor 
Fortis, Minister of Agriculture; Signor 



August, 1900. 

Nast, Minister of Posts and Telegraphs, 
and Signor Carcano, Minister of Fi- 
nance. If there is any element in Italy 
which detests the Freemasons more cor- 
dially than they are detested by the Vati- 
can, it is the old Conservative element, 
which has many representatives in the 
Senate. These anti-Masonic Senators 
had heard that Signor Finocciaro- 
Aprile, Minister of Justice, was drawing 
up a bill to regulate the relations be- 
tween church and state, and fearing that 
it would be too Masonic for their taste, 
decided to upset this obnoxious Minister. 
So they g _ ave battle on a comparatively 
unimportant feature of his budget in or- 
der to mask their real aim. Signor Fi- 
nocciaro-Aprile was not upset, and the 
Senate approved his budget by a very 
large majority during the public division. 
In Italy, however, every budget, after be- 
ing voted publicly, has to be voted a sec- 
ond time by a secret ballot, and during 
this second test a number of members 
often vote secretly against the Ministry 
though they might not have had the 
courage to vote openly on the previous 
occasion. This is what happened to Sig- 
nor Finocciaro-Aprile. No fewer than 
fifty Senators out of a total of 121 black- 
balled his budget, as much as to say : 
"We would overturn you if we could." — 
Morning Post. 


I attended the twenty-sixth session of 
the National Christian Association at 
Chicago on the 10th. It was the best 
convention of many years. The attend- 
ance was a representative one, the ad- 
dress unexcelled, and plans for the future 
far-reaching. The secretary's report ex- 
hibited splendid interests in all depart- 
ments of the association. The N.C. A. de- 
serves the support of all anti-secret peo- 
ple. Sample copies of the Cynosure will 
be sent to any who may desire to know 
more of the work of the association. Spe- 
cial attention is called to the books and 
tracts on sale. Our preachers would do 
well to sell them. The tracts can be 
bought so cheaply that there will be no 
difficulty in giving them a large distribu- 
tion. — H. J. Becker, in Christian Con- 

May 10 it was my privilege to be pres- 
ent at the annual meeting of the National: 
Christian Association held in Chicago. 
* * Earnest, consecrated .men and 
women working for that which is in ac- 
cordance with the will of God will ac- 
complish wonders. We trust that this. 
work may go on and prosper until every 
member of every denomination in our 
land will not only keep out of the lodge 
himself, but use all his powers to show 
others the evils of the secret society. We 
need to learn more about these things, so 
that we can teach intelligently. We must 
be able to give a reason for our faith in 
this as well as in other things. — Grant 
Mahon, in Gospel Messenger. 


At a reception given in Chicago, Feb. 
9, 1899, a speaker and high officer of 
the 33d degree, said: "I have in mind 
some of those influences that are at work. 
I know, brethren, of one. In the com- 
mencement of our late trouble with 
Spain, we knew not who our friends 
were ; we knew not the strength of the 
enemy, nor the strength of our own gov- 
ernment. Dewey was on the coast of 
China. He required some repairs to his 
ships at Hong Kong, but the laws of na- 
tions would not permit a ship to remain 
in neutral ports over twenty-four hours, 
and yet some of his ships remained in 
Hong Kong and thereabout and received 
the repairs that were necessary. * * * 
Now, I submit that a silent influence was 
there, for the Governor of Hong- Kong 
is a member of the Veteran Masonic As- 
sociation." — The Tyler, April 15, 1899. 

State law is superior to town action 
and can set it aside. National and con- 
stitutional law outrank State and stat- 
utory legislation, and Masonic law can 
set aside international law. 


The London Chronicle tells this story of 
Majuba Hill: "A slightly wounded commis- 
sariat officer was being covered by the rifle 
of a Boer sharpshooter, when the former 
made a Masonic sign. The Boer lowered his 
rifle, and, stepping over to the other, made 
him a prisoner, but treated him in especially 
hospitable fashion as a brother member of 


August, 1000. 



the craft. The commissariat man ascertain- 
ed that Mr. Krirger and General Joubert 
were also Free Masons." In connection with 
this an "Old Mason" writes: "The story is 
not a solitary instance. Many similar touch- 
ing incidents occurred during the Franco- 
German war. Not only are President Kru- 
ger and Piet Joubert enthusiastic Free Ma- 
sons, but practically every educated Boer be- 
longs to the order. Most of the British offi- 
cers also belong to the craft." 

In being confronted with the above daily 
paper information, one is inclined to ask 
(speaking as an upholder of wars) whether 
fealty to a secret fraternal order was a thing 
to be commended, under the circumstances, 
or whether it was not rather treason to the 
state? Whether also, supposing a Presbyte- 
rian of the Queen's Grenadiers, recognizing 
among the Burghers a brother of the same 
religious faith whom he is about to shoot, 
ought not similarly to lower his rifle? 
Whether, again (speaking as a supporter of 
the words of the Prince of Peace), any Chris- 
tian, recognizing a brother in the opposing 
ranks, is not bound — in all honor and fealty 
to Him who said, "Love your enemies"— to 
cast aside his gun? Indeed, many have felt 
it so, from Christ's day to this. It was the 
Christian's rule and practice during the first 
three centuries after the annunciation of 
"Peace on earth, goodwill to men,"— why is 
it not now? As to the alleged Masonic fel- 
lowship of Kruger and Joubert, inquiry 
would probably reveal that Chamberlain and 
Cecil Rhodes are in the same chamber with 
him of royalty, the Prince of Wales, head of 
the order in the British Isles. Now, why are 
those people in this enlightened day shooting 
at or commanding to shoot each other, and 
not obeying the counsel of blessing of the 
Holy One who did nothing in secret? "Bless- 
ed are the peacemakers: for they shall be 
.called the children of God."— Josiah W. 
Leeds, in the Advocate of Peace. 



The shortest intelligible sentence 
which contains all the letters of the alpha- 
bet is. we believe, "J. Gray, pack with my 
box five dozen quills." — Exchange. 

"Wanted — A boy to deliver oysters 
who can ride a bicycle." "Wanted — An 
organist and a boy to blow the same." 

Curate — "I never saw such a set of 
idiots as I had to preach to this morn- 
ing." Mabel (one of the congregation) — 
"I suppose that is why you kept on call- 
ing them 'dearlv beloved brethren.' " — 

When old Jack died we stayed from 
school (they said 
At home we needn't go that day), and 

Of us ate any breakfast — only one, 
And that was papa — and his eyes were 

When he came round where we were, by 
the shed 
Where Jack was lying half way in the 

And half way in the shade. When we 
To cry out loud, papa turned and dropped 
his head, 
And went away, and mamma she went 
Into the kitchen. Then for a long 

All to ourselves, like, we stood there 
and cried ; 
We thought so many good things of old- 
And funny things — although we didn't 

We couldn't only cry when old Jack 

When old Jack died, it seemed a human 

Had suddenly gone from us ; that some 

That we loved to fondle and to embrace. 
— James Whitcomb Rilev. 


The following are supposed questions 
by a student and answers by his professor 
in one of our theological seminaries : 

What is matter? — Never mind. 

What is mind ? — No matter. 

What is soul? — Immaterial. 

Religion, if in heavenly truths attired, 
Needs only to be seen to be admired. 

O, fear not in a world like this, 
And thou shalt know e'er long. 
Know how sublime a thing it is 
To suffer and be strong". 

A whisper wandered round 

From ear to lip — from lip to ear 

Until it reached a gentle heart. 
And that — it broke" 



August, 1900. 


(I have somewhere read something- 
like this, but I cannot find it for compari- 
son. Therefore do not accuse me of bold 

I saw Kate and Esau 

Sitting on a seesaw, 

Also I saw Esau 
Kiss Kate upon the seesaw. 

And Kate she saw 
I saw Esau 
Kiss her upon the seesaw. 

And Esau he saw 
She saw I saw 
Him kiss her on the seesaw. 

And so I saw, 
And Kate she saw 
And Esau he saw, 
And therefore we saw — 
He saw she saw I saw 
Them sitting on a seesaw and. kissing, 
Kate and Esau. 


A vain man's motto is, Win gold and 

wear it. 
A generous man's motto is, Win gold 

and share it, 
A miser's motto is, Win gold and spare it. 
A wasteful man's motto is, W T in gold and 

spend it. 
A covetous man's motto is, Win gold and 

lend it. 
A gambler's motto is, Win gold and 

lose it. 
A wise man's motto is, Win gold and 

use it. 

Where should you feel for the poor ? 
In your pocket, to be sure. 

When Eve upon the first of men 
The apple pressed with specious cant, 
Oh ! what a thousand pities then 
That Adam was not adamant. 

To the church I once went, 
But I grieved and I sorrowed, 
For the season was lent, 
And th;: sermon was borrowed. 

Where To Locate ? 


and Nashville 

the Great Central Southern Trunkline 




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will find the greatest chances in the United States to 
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Printed matter, maps and all information free. 

Address, R. J. WEMYSS, 

General Immigration and Industrial Agent, 

Mention this paper. 

Knightsof the Maccabees 


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221 West Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 

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Masonic Degrees in Cypher, 8th to 10th inclusive, 
Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 
ter and Super Excellent Master. 


Duncan's Masonic Ritual 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
ings, and containing the ritual and work of the or- 
der for the seven degrees, including the Royal 
Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as "Freemasonry' dustrated." 

Ecce Orienti. Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c, 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand°Bbok of Freemasonry w 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 
By E. Ronayne, Past Master of 

Keystone Lodge 
No. 639, Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
ritual of the first three degrees of Freemasonry. 

Knights of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Ritual of the Commandery 
Vlasonic Degrees. Knights of the Red Cross, 
Cnight Templar and Knight ot Malta, nth to 13th 

Knight Templarisn Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated rit".al of the six degrees of 
*be Council and Commandery. 

Light on Freemasonry. 

By Elder D. Bernard. To which is ap- 
pended "A Revelation of the Mysteries of 
Odd Fellowship (old work), by a Member 
of the Craft." The whole containing over 
five hundred pages, lately revised and re- 
published. In cloth, $1.50 each; per dozen, 
$14.50. The first part of the above work, 
Light on Freemasonry, 416 pages, 75 cents 
each; per dozen, $7.50. 

Richardson's Monitor of Freema- 
somy. Cloth, $1.2^; paper, 75c. 
Contains the ceremonies of Lodges, Chapters, 
Encampments, etc. Illustrated. Although ex- 
tensively used in conferring the higher degrees, 
it is not only very incomplete but .inaccurate 
especially as regards the first seven degrees, and 
as to the high r degrees it ^ives but a description 
and general idea of the degrees rather than the 
full ritual. 

Mah-Hah-Bone; 589 pages; Si. 00 

Comprises the Hand Book, Master's Carpet anii 
Freemasonry at a glance. 

Capt. Morgan's Monument, at Batavia, N. Y 


Find Facts About Veterans 137 

Christian Workers' Convention. 137 

Miss Flag.u's Apprehensions 137 

Other Reforms 138 

Seventy-ninth Anniversary Martyrdom of 

Capt. Wm. Morgan 138 

Chief Isaac X. Jack 143 

The Spirit of 1856 and 1900 .144 

The Lodge Question. Its Fraternal and 

Religious Claims 145 

In West Africa. A Woman's Secret So- 
ciety 147 

Our Temptations .148 

Reform and Reformers 149 

Expansion ■. .150 

A Roman Catholic Opinion 150 

■ rig-iii of the Boxers 151 

Assessment for Assurance .151' 

Lodge Property Is Not Taxable 151 

The Lord's Prayer 151' 

Relief and the Margin (Odd Fellowship) . . 153 

Official Letter from the Grand Sire . . .153:: 

The New Rebekah Law. 153 

No Masonic Lodges in France. 154 

Curious Law 154 

The Household .155* 

News of Our Work. .156-160. 

Denominational Testimony 160' 

Seceder's Testimonies 161 

Voices from the Lodge 162 

Our Open Letter. 164 

Odds and Ends 165 

Newspapers and Reform 166- 




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I. Phillips. 221 West Madison street Cnicaao Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 

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The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



211 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffiee, Chicago, 111., as second clas 


Since the G. A. R. decided to hold their 
encampment in Chicago some interest- 
ing figures have come to light concern- 
ing the number of C. A. R. in proportion 
to the total number of living ex-soldiers 
in the West. In Illinois less than one- 
half of those who fought in the rebellion 
are members of the C. A. R., while in 
Kansas there are estimated to be at least 
50,000 ex-soldiers, and but 10,000 are 
affiliated with the C. A. R. 

In this country at large about one- 
third of the total number of ex-soldiers 
are members of the Grand Army. This 
is due to a number of reasons. Some 
are too poor, others too rich, and still 
others care nothing at all about it. 
—Daily News, Chicago, July 26th, 1900. 

After all is said, we cannot but think that 
it will be better for the old soldiers, better for 
morality and religion, and better for the coun- 
try, when these annual conclaves shall cease. 
We congratulate the more than 300,000 veter- 
ans who never affiliated with the order. They 
have saved their cash and their credit, and, 
we dare say, had more satisfaction in the 
quiet of their honorable retirement than they 
would have had in the order.— The Christian 
Instructor, Sept. 12. 

John G. Fee says : "The Grand Army 
is needless, of evil tendency, unrepubli- 
can, and like all of the secret fraternities, 
'anti-Christ.' " 

"Secret societies are dangerous to the 
cause of civil liberty and just govern- 
ment." — Daniel Webster. 


Chicago's counterpart of Moody's 
Northfield has summoned the Christian 
world to a gathering from which may 
start a great religious advance move- 
ment. To the cluster of buildings on the 
north side of Chicago, over which is now 
written the title, "Moody Bible Insti- 
tute," are expected to flock in September 
Christian workers from all parts of the 
United States and from foreign lands. 
They are to assemble without regard to 
class or creed, imbued only with zeal for 
revival activity, and primed with contri- 
butions to the stirring discussions plan- 
ned as part of the convention. 

"Progress in revival work'' — that is to 
be the watchword. The National Con- 
vention of Christian workers in former 
years furnished a precedent, and the call 
went out. At the headquarters of the 
school, 8o Institute place, the assembly 
will be held, from Sept. 19th to Sept. 26th, 
eight days of prayer, Bible study, discus- 
sion of methods, and attainment of the 
true sort of fellowship in revival work. 


In one of her last letters to a friend 
with whom she had long corresponded. 
Miss Flagg said : 

"I thoroughly believe the Roman Cath- 
olic church — that is to saw the Vatican — 



September, 1900. 

has secretly compromised with Masonry, 
and the two are back of this movement 
away from republican ideals, and towards 
imperialism. Facts which show this to 
be so are continually cropping out, and I 
have no doubt it is as plain to your eyes 
as mine — perhaps plainer. 

"And this iniquitous South African 
war ! If any complications arise, and En- 
gland has a quarrel on her hands with 
one of the European powers, she will ex- 
pect our government to help her. And 
already we have given her our moral sup- 
port. During the Spanish-American war 
a card was sent out in Canada advocating 
the Anglo-Saxon alliance, and with clasp- 
ed hands printed on it, signifying the 
clasped hands of England and America. 
And it was the Masonic grip, not the or- 
dinary hand clasp." 

"Of the Presidents of the United States * * 
the most representative ones have been Free- 
masons/' "Grand Orator" Smith reported in 
full in the Voice of Masonry. 

Speech delivered Oct. 5, 1898, to Illinois 
Grand Lodge. 

Thus Grant, Fillmore, John Adams, 
Tohn Ouincy Adams and Lincoln were 
not "representative ,, — at least not of 


The Grand Lodge of Liberia, with a 
constituency of seven lodges, has an ag- 
gregate membership of less than ioo. 


The Cynosure is not the organ of other 
reforms, but legitimately considers their 
relation to its own. All genuine reforms 
have common sources and common ends. 
Similar reasons support them, and the 
same authority sanctions them. They also 
interact and mutually support each other. 
Inasmuch as Masonry fosters various 
vices, all reforms aimed at these vices are 
fejlowshipped by anti-Masonry. What- 
ever opposes Masonry and its associate 
Templarism, opposes in the same act de- 
bauch erv. Drunkenness and licentious- 
ness are fostered, not to say even protect- 
ed, by the infamous craft, all crimes are 
under Masonic protection, and there can 
hardly be a reform that is not at some 
point in conflict with this crime-embrac- 
ing order. 

A Brief History of Old Fort Niagara, Where 

Capt. Morgan, in September, i826, Was 

Confined by Freemasons. 

(Editorial Note: These extracts are from a 
pamphlet by Mr. Peter A. Porter, "A Brief 
History of Old Fort Niagara." Copyrighted 
1896 by Peter A. Porter, Niagara Falls, N. Y.) 

"Niagara is without exception the 
most important post in America and se- 
cures a greater number of communica- 
tions, through a more extensive country, 
than perhaps any other pass in the 
world." So wrote Mr. Wynne in 1770, 
and he undoubtedly expressed the opin- 
ion which both the French and the Eng- 
lish then held and had held for the pre- 
ceding hundred years. 

For probably no one spot of land in 
North America, the Heights of Quebec 
and the lower end of Manhattan Island 
alone excepted, had played so important 
a part, been so coveted and exerted so 
great an influence, both in peace and war, 
on the control, on the growth, on the 
settlement and on the civilization of the 
country, as this little point of land at the 
mouth of and on the eastern shore of the 
Niagara River, bounded on one side by 
that river and on the other side by Lake 
Ontario. * * * 

As the most important military post 
on the lakes, as a standing means of over- 
awing the Indians, as the greatest trading 
post in the country, and as a center of 
French influence, it held such a com- 
manding position that England was de- 
termined ultimately to own it. 

Rumor says, and what circumstantial 
evidence we have tends to prove it, that 
during French rule it was also used as a 
State prison, as were many of the French 
fortresses, distant from France, in those 
days. * * * 

Both France and England at an early 
date set up and steadily claimed title 
among other territory to this special lo- 
cality. * * * 

For several years after the capture 
( T 759) of Fort Niagara, Sir William 
Johnson was — so far as the Indians liv- 
ing within a radius of 300 miles of that 
fort were concerned — the most important 
and the most trusted man in America. 
He had held that position for some time 
toward all the tribes east of the Senecas, 

September, 1000. 



Old Fort Niagara. 

and now that the French were beaten he 
logically and naturally extended his in- 
fluence over those who sided with the 
French, and now looked for favors from 
the victors. * * * 

Fort Niagara was still the spot where, 
and its commander the man to whom, 
all Indian grievances were brought, and 
through him all such disputes were set- 
tled, and by him all decisions were en- 

Such was Fort Niagara when the Eng- 
lish first controlled it. It was the head 
center of the military life of the entire re- 
gion, the guardian of the great highway 
and portage to and from the West ; and 
hereabouts, as the forerunners of a com- 
ing civilization and frontier settlement, 
the traders were securing for themselves 
the greatest advantages. 

To the rude transient population — red 
hunters, trappers, Indianized bush rang- 
ers — starting out from this center, or re- 
turning from their journeys of perhaps 
hundreds of miles to the West ; trooping 
down the portage to the fort, bearing 
their loads of peltries, and assisted by In- 
dians, who here made a business of car- 
rying packs for hire, Fort Niagara was a 
business headquarters. There the trad- 
ers brought their guns and ammunition, 
their blankets, and cheap jewelry, to be 
traded for furs ; there the Indians pur- 

chased, at fabulous prices, the white 
man's "fire water," and many, yes, num- 
berless, were the broils and conflicts in 
and around the fort, when the soldiers, 
under orders, tried to calm or ejected 
the savage element which so predomina- 
ted in the life of the garrison. ;;: * * 

First of all he met the Senecas, and, 
till their agreement had been ratified and 
the lines of the land to be deeded to Eng- 
land had been settled, Sir William would 
transact no other business. 

The Senecas ratified their former agree- 
ment, and on August 6, 1764, they deed- 
ed to the English crown a strip of land 
four miles wide on each bank of the Ni- 
agara River from Lake Erie to Lake On- 
tario, thus adding to their former agree- 
ment all the land from Schlosser to Lake 
Erie, on both sides of the river. 

This was the first tract of land in the 
limits of the present Western New York 
to which the Indian title was absolutely 
extinguished, and this remarkable land 
deal, so vast in the amount of territory 
involved, so beneficial to the whites in 
the power it gave them for trade, and the 
settlement of the country, and of such 
enormous subsequent value in view of 
very recent developments along this 
frontier, was closed 132 years ago. within 
the historic fortifications of Fort Ni- 
agara. * * * 



September, 1900. 

During the Revolution. 

While the war from 1776- 1783 never 
reached this spot in actual hostilities, 
Fort Niagara was the spot where heart- 
less Britishers and still more blood- 
thirsty savages studied, planned and ar- 
ranged those terrible attacks on defense- 
less settlers that on so many occasions 
spread death and devastation through 
prosperous settlements and regions, and 
carried oft", most frequently to this fort, 
wretched captives whose term of cap- 
tivity in the hands of the savages was 
usually only a living death. The history 
of Fort Niagara during its entire exist- 
ence has no blacker nor fouler page, nay, 
none nearly so black nor inhuman as that 
which embraces the years 1776- 1783. 

Far away from the actual seat of war, 
feeling perfectly safe from attacks, its 
British commandants seem to have given 
free scope to every form of Indian war- 
fare that, regardless of its inhumanity., 
would in any way aid in crushing out the 

The fearful massacre of Wyoming in 
Pennsylvania in 1778 was planned at and 
the expedition set out from Fort Ni- 
agara. The fatal attack on Cherry Val- 
ley in the same year was the result of an- 
other expedition sent out from the same 
fort. * * * 

DeVeaux says, "During the American 
Revolution it was the headquarters of all 
that was barbarous, unrelenting and 
cruel. Here were congregated the lead- 
ers and chiefs of those bands of murder- 
ers and miscreants that carried death and 
destruction into the remote American 
settlement. There civilized Europe rev- 
elled with savage America, and ladies of 
education and refinement mingled in the 
society of those whose only distinction 
was to wield the bloody tomahawk and 
scalping knife. There the squaws of the 
forest were raised to eminence, and the 
most unholy unions between them and 
officers of highest rank smiled upon and 
countenanced. There in their strong- 
hold, like a nest of vultures, securely for 
seven years, they sallied forth and preyed 
upon the distant settlements of the Mo- 
hawk and the Susquehanna. It was the 
depot for their plunder ; there they 
planned their forays," and there they re- 
turned to feast until the hour of action 
came again. 

The Black Hole Where Morgan Was Con- 

Tradition points out the black hole as 
the place where the Freemasons kept 
Captain William Morgan. 

S. De Veaux was of French descent, 
born in the latter part of the Eighteenth 
Century, and during the early years of 
this century lived. at Fort Niagara. * * 

S. DeVeaux says, k 'The dungeons of 
the Mess House, called the black hole, 
was a strong, dark and dismal place, and 
in one corner of the room was fixed the 
apparatus for strangling such unhappy 
wretches as fell under the displeasure of 
the despotic rulers of those days. The 
walls of this dungeon, from top to bot- 
tom, had engraved upon them French 
names and mementoes in that language. 
That the prisoners were no common per- 
sons was clear, as the letters and em- 
blems were chiseled out in good style. 
In June, 1812, when an attack was mo- 
mentarily expected upon the fort by a 
superior British force, a merchant, resi- 
dent at Fort Niagara, deposited some 
valuables in this dungeon. He took oc- 
casion one night to visit it with a light. 
He examined the walls and there, among 
hundreds of French names, he saw his 
own family name engraved in large let- 

This dungeon is a room 6 by 18 feet 
in size, and 10 feet high, whose stone 
walls and arched stone roof contains no 
aperture for light or air. It is on the first 
floor, and is to-day perfectly accessible. 
The well of the castle was located in it. 

Another statement of his that "this old 
fort is as much noted for enormity and 
crime as for any good ever derived from 
it by the nation in occupation" is prob- 
ably not far from the truth. * * * 

One of the traditions that has clung to 
the fort, and that started in the days of 
English occupation, is, that in the dun- 
geon of the "Castle," or Mess House, be- 
fore referred to, where there is a well, 
now boarded over, at midnight could be 
seen the headless trunk of a French gen- 
eral, clothed in his uniform, sitting on 
the curbstone of this well and moaning, 
as if beseeching some one to rescue his 
body from the bottom of the well, where, 
after his murder, it had been thrown. 
This well was subsequently poisoned and 
its use necessarily discontinued. * ■* * 

September, 1900. 



Castle, or Mess House, Containing the "Black Hole" Where Capt. Morgan Was Confined. 

In 1810, the commissioners appointed 
by the State of New York to explore the 
whole route of the projected Erie and 
connecting canals made a digression on 
their journey to visit Fort Niagara. 

In De Witt Clinton's journal of the 
trip he says : "We were received with a 
national salute and other military hon- 
ors." Dinner was served in the castle, 
which, he said, measured 105x47 feet, 
and was a complete fortification, with 
prisons, a well and only one door. 

Among the troops at the fort during 
this period was one Carroll, the band 
leader, said to be a relative of the famous 
Irish harper of that name, and devoted to 
music and whisky. One evening he ap- 
peared on parade drunk, and when re- 
primanded by the commandant, became 
so abusive that he was confined in the 
"black hole" in the castle. Here, in the 
middle of the night, in answer to his 
yells, he was found in a piteous condi- 
tion of fright, declaring all the hobgob- 
lins and devils in existence had visited 
him, and begged for a light, a fife, and 
pen, ink and paper, which were granted 

In 1805, it became necessary to clear 
out an old sink attached to the Castle, or 
Mess House. In it were found the bones 

of a woman, no doubt the victim of a 
murder in days gone by. 

Capt. Wm Morgan. 

In September, 1826, Fort Niagara was 
called to the attention of the nation and 
the civilized world, even more promin- 
ently than it had ever been in all its his- 
tory by the Anti-Masonic movement, 
William Morgan, a resident of Batavia, 
and a Freemason, had threatened to di- 
vulge the secrets of that body in print. It 
is generally credited that members of that 
order, failing to get control of Morgan's 
manuscript revelations, had him arrested 
on some petty charge and jailed at Canan- 
daigua. On being liberated he was 
thrust into a closed carriage in waiting 
and, always accompanied by three men, 
with relays of horses, taken through Ro- 
chester, along the Ridge Road to Lewis- 
ton, and thence to Fort Niagara, where 
the driver was told to stop near the grave- 

William Morgan was last heard of in 
confinement in the fort on September [9, 
1826. He disappeared, and all trace of 
him was absolutely lost. 

Thus, within the historic walls of old 
Fort Niagara, where William Morgan 
was last seen alive, occurred the birth of 
the Anti-Masonic party, which, for years 



September, 1900. 

afterward, in New York and several other 
States, exercised such a great political 

Fort Niagara at this time was a deso- 
late place, without a garrison. The only 
house near it was a small ferry house, oc- 
cupied by the man who had charge of the 

No. matter what their intentions in re- 
gard to him were, it was just exactly the 
kind of a place for Morgan's abductors 
to confine him in while they were deliber- 
ating as to what should be their final step 
in their unlawful course — being a lonely, 
uninhabited spot, whose owner in those 
days of slow communication could not in- 
terfere witli their proceedings. 



Every heart must learn to beat, 
As every robin learns to trill ; • 

And every life be made complete, 
Led upward by a higher will. 

Faith is but the perfect trust, 

Which God's great lo\e compels us to, 
When once we learn as learn we must, 

How little we ourselves can do. 


In the Bible we read, "A merry heart 
doeth good like a medicine," and I am 
sure we have all experienced the joy and 
pleasure in our lives which comes from 
meeting sunny-hearted, happy people. 

Not every one who carries a smiling 
face bears a light heart, but such have 
cultivated the habit of looking on the 
bright side of things, keeping their trou- 
bles in the background and not adding 
their burdens to those who already have 
a large share to bear. 

Happy people ! every one seeks their 
company, as the flower turns to the sun, 
and their presence in all places is a bene- 
diction. They lighten burdens, dispel 
care, drive doubt and fear away, and put 
courage into the heart. 

How different the unhappy person ! 
They are always selfish, always looking 
on the dark side of things, always spoil- 
ing the pleasure of those they, arc with, 
always complaining, and indeed there is 
no comfort or encouragement -in them. 
Such people should lose no time in culti- 
vating a cheerful, happy disposition if 
they would have the love and respect of 
those about them. 

One of my blessed memories is that of 
a sweet, saintly woman, who for more 
than seven years was an invalid, con- 
fined to her bed or chair, and never once 
was she heard to murmur or complain, 
but sweetly and patiently lived the life 
appointed her. Always happy, and even 
when suffering, sunshiny and cheerful — 
a beautiful example of what our heavenly 
father's grace can make of his children. 

Let us cultivate a smiling face and 
happy heart for they are so much needed 
in the world to-day. 

September. 1900. 




After the close of the War of the Rev- 
olution, some of the tribe of Indians 
called Tuscaroras were sent away from 
around Fort Niagara to a square mile of 
land some four miles southeast from the 
fort, near the "Ridge Road." In 1804 
the Holland Land Company gave them 
two square miles more. This and the 
four thousand more acres, bought for 
them, constitutes the Tuscarora Reser- 
vation to-day where the descendants of 
the original tribe still reside. They were 
the first permanent settlers in this part of 
New York. 

Soon after the declaration of war in 
181 2 there appeared at Fort Niagara 
about a hundred young, powerful and ac- 
tive Tuscarora Indians, from their reser- 

vation near by, decorated with war paint 
and armed with tomahawks and hatchets. 
Headed by the chief, they had hurried 
down to offer their assistance to the Uni- 
ted States. At this their first opportunity 
they promptly proved their appreciation 
of the fair treatment that the newly-or- 
ganized Federal government had extend- 
ed to their race at the close of the Revo- 

The picture above represents the home 
of the late Chief of the Tuscaroras. Isaac 
N. Jack ; he is represented as standing in 
the gateway, and .on either side are his 
sons. He was the only Indian in the 
Reservation that has taken The Cynosure 
for the past many years. He was a 
strong advocate of its principles. Said 
he : "The more I read and know of the 
institutions called secret societies, the 



September, 1900. 

more I withdraw from them, and the 
more I oppose them." 

Chief Isaac N. Jack was born in the 
Tuscarora Reservation, Niagara County, 
Xew York, August, 1833, and died very 
suddenly on the same Reservation on 
July 17th, 1900. 


THE SPIRIT OF 1856 AND 1900. 


At an Industrial Trade School in the 
neighborhood of Philadelphia a few 
months ago a great ado was made over 
the alleged act of the president of the 
institution in hauling down the flag and 
in actually causing the removal of the tall 
flag pole on the campus. It was further 
alleged that he made a hobby of temper- 
ance and was very pronounced against 
imperialism and was favorably disposed 
toward woman's suffrage. The daily pa- 
pers, scenting a lively episode, instantly 
took up and magnified the subject, in- 
subordination broke out in the school, 
dismissals followed, and the local Grand 
Army of the Republic posts, and sundry 
patriotic orders, passed heated resolu- 
tions denouncing the indignity done to 
the flag and well nigh execrating the of- 

An examination into the affair by the 
trustees resulted in the discovery that 
the flag pole was on sand at the base, and 
its removal had been specially ordered by 
one of the members of the board. It 
also appeared that the superintendent of 
the mechanical department was an army 
officer, and that many of the pupils, since 
the Spanish and Philippine war, had 
clamored for military drill. It did not 
seem to have occurred to these gratuit- 
ously-educated young people, to their 
sympathizers of the press and army 
posts, that the munificent founder of this 
practical, well equipped establishment, 
was of a family of the Society of Friends, 
and presumably was conscientiously op- 
posed to all war — as was the benevolent 
founder of the Commonwealth, William 
Penn. It was consistent, on the part of 
the superintendent, who quickly resigned 

his position, that he should have secured 
property (so stated) in the neighborhood, 
designing to open it as a military school. 
While we fondly claim that the prin- 
ciple of the arbitration of international 
differences has of late years made great 
progress in the world, yet as we look 
abroad we are confronted with the sor- 
rowful fact that a state of warfare is ex- 
istant in four several sections of the 
globe, and that the war spirit on the part 
of the people affected rages at fever heat. 
This malevolent condition is the conse- 
quent of a wrong, non-scriptural educa- 
tion. I was struck with this fact a few 
days ago, in reading a little incident con- 
tained in the bound volume of a religious 
weekly of date 1856, five years before the 
outbreak of the civil war. The incident, 
indeed, may seem at a glance to be most 
trivial, yet it does serve to mark the 
measure of the war spirit of half a century 
ago and now. The contribution alluded 
to relates that while visiting some infant 
schools he inquired of the teacher of one 
of them whether he had any idea as to 
what the children thought about war? 
The significant reply being made that he 
might question the school and learn the 
views of the scholars for himself, he com- 
menced by saying that on his way thither 
he had passed a large brick building of 
somewhat singular appearance, the blinds 
closed, everything about it neat and in 
order — could any of them tell him what 
that building was? A half dozen little 
fellows in the same breath said it was the 
Quaker Meeting House. One of them 
also said the people who assembled there 
were called Friends. Why? Because 
they won't fight. Why not? Because 
they know better — learned it in the Bible. 
But, they were told, many people read 
the Bible, and yet fight, and ministers on 
each side pray for the success of their 
work. One lad thought that if they did 
this they knew no better, but another 
was of the opinion that they must know, 
but wouldn't do better. Asked if the 
Bible says it is wrong to fight, one re- 
plied, it says what means the same, "Love 
your enemies" ; another recalled the verse 
of Matthew, "Blessed are the peace-mak- 
ers for they shall be called the children of 
God." And who are the peace-makers? 
All who try to make everybody love each 
other. Why are they called the children 

September, 1900. 



of God? Because God loves them, as a 
ather does his children. Said another, 
because they love what He does. One 
little flaxen-haired, rosy-cheeked fellow- 
said, "my father is a captain, and he says 
I shall be a soldier, but if I am I shall 
never kill anybody; I would rather be 
killed." Then came the test to boyish 
imagination: "But how fine a thing to 
have a red coat, and cap, and sword, and 
be honored as captains are." Listening 
.a moment only, he replied: "I can't help 
that; 1 would rather be shot than kill any- 
body, for God says, 'Thou shalt not kill,' 
and if we break His commandments He 
will punish us." Xow how many public 
school boys of this year of grace 1900 will 
make replies such as the above? 

The overturning of slavery I believe to 
have been accomplished through terri- 
ble things in righteousness, yet I also 
believe that the bloody method of the ac- 
complishment was hateful in the Divine 
sigdit. The lessons of that time have 
been forcibly learnt by a later generation 
.and all the individuals of the army posts, 
Sons of Veterans and so-called patriotic 
orders tend to perpetuate the un-Chris- 
tian, un-Scriptural way. How the mis- 
instructed juniors stormed mock re- 
doubts, and trampled upon and rended 
yellow Spanish flags and chanted the 
•ditties of revenge for the Maine, when 
war with Spain was imminent and was 
declared! And now almost every one — 
they of the ministry included — echoed a 
sentiment similar in spirit to that of Brit- 
ain's poet laureate, "who fights for Eng- 
land, fights for God; who dies for Eng- 
land, sleeps in God." The Bible con- 
tains no promise after that order, but, 
rather that we love God and keep His 
commandments, and that we love our 
neighbors as ourselves. "Blessed are 
they that do His commandments, that 
they may have right to the tree of life, 
and may enter in through the gates into 
the city." 

Seal". Pa. 


Its Fraternal and Religions Claims. 

The following- is in answer to a communica- 
tion on this question by .T. J. S.. of Delavan, 
111. The question was open for discussion in 
the columns of the Daily Pantagraph. but had 

closed ere I had this reply ready for publica- 
tion. The most distinguishable feature of 
this argument was upon the elevating influ- 
ence derived from the bond of friendship ex- 
isting in the lodges. L. M. Rike. 

Editor Cynosure : There is certainly 
nothing more beautiful and elevating 
than true and tried friendship, in what- 
ever station in life we find its existence, 
and wherever by friendship's sweet wand 
fellowships are formed, links of affection 
cemented, and hearts are engrafted to 
hearts so that our natures become kind- 
lier and more pliable, and we are inspired 
to hold out helping hands to those of 
our fellow-creatures who are over- 
weighted with human ills. 

But it is not necessary to join some in- 
stitution of man's organization in order 
that friendship may bloom and increase 
and bring forth the most perfect fruition. 
Xor is it necessary that it should be nour- 
ished, and pruned, and remodeled by any 
secret code of laws to make it yield more 
abundantly, or to bring it up to the full 
standard of man's approbation. It is 
very often the case that our most 
perfect friendships hamper us — really 
make cowards of us. Let me give one 
instance to prove this fact. When I sent 
my first article on this subject to the 
Pantagraph I signed it "A Woman." 
Why ? It was for the reason that within 
these secret institutions were some com- 
rades bound to me by the sweetest ties of 
friendship and love, and I desired to re- 
spect their feelings. It was not that I 
could not substantiate my words by my 
reference book, the Bible, or was too 
much of a coward to back my article with 
my name, but I was simply hampered by 
my friendships. It is even more difficult 
after joining a fraternity, for friendships 
are formed and kindly relations establish- 
ed, which make it difficult to speak of 
many evils that exist. In the Pantagraph 
article we are told that "a great many emi- 
nent men have allied themselves with the 
lodges, some from the highest vocations 
— and that nearly ever}- minister of the 
gospel is a member of some lodge." This 
last assertion I am unable to answer, but 
it certainly means, if true, a muzzled pul- 
pit in many quarters. Xot that our 
preachers are afraid to declare the truth, 
for they are true men, but these same 
friendships and kindly relations that have 



September, 1900. 

been established must, to some extent, 
seal their lips. Let the man, therefore, 
who handles holy things be a holy man, 
and a man separated from unholy al- 
liances, a man called of God and not by 
man. I am told "that some of our best 
ministerial talent is in the offices of these 
societies as clerks and secretaries." God 
never proposed that any man called of 
God should be a salaried officer in such 
worldly institutions of men's organiza- 
tion. He wants him to swing loose, free 
from all restrictions and limitations, and 
give his whole life and all his energies 
and time to his heaven-appointed task 
without fear or favor. 

J. J. S. tells us, "we do not claim our 
order to be a religious organization, its 
membership being composed of all re- 
ligious denominations." We know noth- 
ing about his lodge, but we are informed 
of one lodge (Masonry) that has all the 
elements of a religion. It teaches Deism, 
and every man is required to profess his 
faith in a God. Much of its ritual is re- 
ligious and so to some extent is its burial 
service. In Webb's Masonic Monitor, 
page 286, is this statement, "The meeting 
of the lodge is strictly a religious cere- 
mony." On page 369, same book, is the 
declaration that "All ceremonies of our 
orders are prefaced and terminated with 
prayer, because * * * is a religious 
institution." In Drew's Monitor, page 
127, is the following, "We now find man 
complete in morality and intelligence, 
with the stay of religion added to insure 
him protection of Deity and guard him 
against ever going astray. These three 
degrees thus form a perfect and harmo- 
nious whole. Nor can we conceive that 
anything can be suggested more which 
the soul of man requires." This high and 
recognized authority proclaims to the 
world that this secret order is a religious 
order, and that is furnishes a complete re- 
ligion and all that the soul of man re- 
quires. All classes except the Atheists 
can find an ark of eternal safety by as- 
suming its obligations, if these state- 
ments are true. 

We do not pretend to say that this 
lodge professes to oppose or to antagon- 
ize Christianity — or to be a substitute for 
it, but the above we give as it reads; each 
person must draw his own conclusion. I 
am informed that the burial service is one 

and the same over Christian and infidel,, 
the ritual is the same, their hopes are de- 
clared to be the same, and that the end of 
both is peace. Now it seems to me that, 
the whole thing is Christless, that "they 
are of the world, they speak of the 
world, and the world heareth them." 
But that members of the church 
of God, redeemed by Christ's blood, 
should care to divide their time, energies 
and means between a Christless institu- 
tion and an institution founded by our 
Lord, seems to me to be an astounding- 
matter. These organizations of men's 
own invention are not of God; neither, 
indeed, can they be. In all probability 
there are men in the world who do not 
want to be Christians or "join Christ's 
church," and of course the lodges are a 
good substitute. 

J. J. S. says, "The brotherly spirit that 
fraternities engender makes better fath- 
ers, husbands and sons. Under its au- 
gust powers love takes the place of ha- 
tred, kindness succeeds cruelty, and char- 
ity becomes the predominant desire of the 
soul." If there be so much in these or- 
ders to enhance, beautify and ennoble the 
home, to promote its joys, to preserve its 
sanctity, to kindle upon its hearthstone a 
golden halo of peace and good-will, then 
perhaps it has answered a good purpose, 
but it strikes one as peculiar that men 
must go so often to lodges, and banquets, 
returning home at a late hour of the night, 
for the express purpose of blessing their 
homes and uplifting humanity ! 

Mrs. Leah M. Rike.. 
Leroy, 111. 


St. Louis, April 5. — Members of a 
Knights of Pythias lodge celebrated its 
anniversary in the Masonic Hall Build- 
ing with a stag party last night. In an- 
other room three dancers in the altogether 
performed the dance du ventre. 

The dance smacked of the Little Egypt 
and the ballet variety and applause was 
continuous until the trio sank exhausted 
from their contortions. They were not 
so weak that they could not pass the hat 
for their credit's sake, and the men didn't 
do a thing but pav. pav, pay. — New York 

September, 1900. 



The Bundoo Devil. 


A Woman's Secret Society, 


Dear Cynosure : It has been on my 
heart for some time to write you a short 
letter about the woman's secret society 
in Sierra Leone, West Africa. 

There are but two societies among the 
natives there, the Poro society, of which 
I have written in a former number of The 
Cynosure, is a man's society ; the women 
have one called Bundoo. The natives say 
if a woman goes into the Poro bush (the 
place sacred for Poro devil worship), 
"she will die one time" (immediately). 
They also say, and believe, that if a man 
goes into the Bundoo bush that he will 
die, or some other dreadful thing will 
happen to him. 

These societies are distinctly separate. 
Yet there is a sense in which they are co- 
operative. The woman devil controls 
the women onlv, while the man or Poro 

devil controls the entire country and is 
Lord of the whole creation, as they un- 
derstand it. They seem to know that 
there is a God. They say, "Yes ! big man 
God, he good. Big man devil, he bad." 
"You no serve big man God, he no do 
you bad, but you no serve big man devil, 
he do you bad," hence they worship the 
devil. The woman's, or Bundoo devil, is 
known as big man devil as well as the 
Poro, for there is neither feminine or 
neuter gender with them. 

The Bundoo society is well organized. 
It is surprising how well they manage it, 
having no written language. A written 
ritual or a by-law is a thing entirely un- 
heard of by them. They have their local 
societies in each neighborhood. Each 
sub-society has its own sacred "bush," 
and in it the "devil's stomach." The 
devil's stomach is a small clearing in the 
bush, with a few huts where the girls are 
taken to be initiated. 

It is not a strange thing to hear them 
say that the Bundoo devil is coming, and 



September, 1900. 

Miss Mary B. Mullen. 

soon after we see a woman, sometimes 
two of them, coming covered with long 
black fiber, with a huge mask on the 
head, made of a log of wood large enough 
in which to make an excavation for the 
head. There are three or four faces 
carved on the surface of this. On the top 
there are long feathers, branches of trees 
and rags. She carries a broom in her 
hand. This she waves continually, and 
everything that comes within the range 
of it must worship her. Their mode of 
worship is clapping the hands, singing, 
dancing and giving presents. After she 
has gone to several of the towns and she, 
and her worshipers, are quite exhausted, 
she gathers up the girls she desires and 
they are off to the bush. 

The girls are from eight to sixteen 
years, but usually about eleven or twelve. 
At least we suppose them those ages. No 
one knows their exact age, for they have 
no way to count time. They are marked 
under their eyes with three straight 
marks. The remainder of the initiation is 
of such a character that I cannot write of 
it. It is the most inhuman and devilish 
torture I ever heard of. God pity the 
women who are forced into such a hellish 
place as the Bundoo devil's stomach. 
Rightly so called. After they have gone 
through all that her majesty desires, they 
are dressed in their wedding dresses and 
are "pulled out," as they term it, and 
brought back to their parents to be sold. 
They may have been in the bush many 
months or a year, and are usually thin 

and haggard. So they are well fed and" 
cared for for the first time in their lives, 
until they are sleek and fat ; then they are 
offered for sale. The dress consists of 
three articles, a handkerchief on the head, 
a few strings of beads about the waist, 
and a small bead apron about the size of 
one's hand. They are not permitted to 
have any article that would cover their 
nakedness. They say that when a man 
buys a wife he wants to see what he is 
getting. The prices are from fifty cents 
to twenty dollars ; the average, I think, is 
about two dollars. We noticed that the 
fathers are very careful to secure the 
price in full before the girl is taken away. 
The old men usually have the young 
women and the young men the old. The 
young men have no means with which to 
buy, hence they get the outcasts and 
widows ; while the old men have means to 
buy what they desire, because they have 
wives to earn it for them. The women 
are always and only slaves. He who 
made the human heart alone can know 
their suffering. They are always taught 
that they are without honor unless they 
have been in the Bundoo and have been 
sold while young. The gospel of Jesus 
Christ alone can better this awful state of 
affairs. Pray, give, go or send to help 
them. Yours in His name, 

Mary B. Mullen. 



For unwary feet there is a snare in 
every path,, and those may grow un- 
wary which rely upon the correctness of 
the path and assume that it must be one 
that leads away from all perils. Truth 
itself can be distorted, zeal become fanat- 
icism, and the Scriptures be wrested to 
the teacher's own destruction. The way 
of the anti-secret reformer is not without 
its special dangers. 

Just now we speak of only one, and 
that is the danger of falling into the 
speech and attitude of pure negation. He 
would be only half equipped to fight the 
lodge who felt no motive but antago- 
nism to secrecy. He does only a fraction 

September, 1900. 



of what constitutes real opposition to 
the vice of lodgery, who does nothing 
but condemn. The appearance of hav- 
ing nothing to do but to destroy, and of 
seeking only to "make a wilderness and 
call it peace," is what anti-secretists 
should recognize as a great danger. Sup- 
pose a denominational missionary mag- 
azine were obliged to fill its pages with 
descriptions of paganism, pictures of 
idols, elucidation of superstitions, ac- 
counts of degrading scenes and harrow- 
ing stories of vice and cruelty, how 
would its field be narrowed and its work 
be weakened? It can tell of native 
churches planted or enlarged, of natives 
believing and serving our Lord with de- 
votion, and of children gathered in the 
mission schools. 

Its message is not mere death to heath- 
enism, it is life to those who were 

The Cynosure seems in some degree 
to lack this advantage, and its writers 
feel greatly shut up to mere antagonism. 
Destruction seems almost the anti-secre- 
tists' sole errand. He feels like a cam- 
paign orator who sees little opportunity 
to speak on behalf of his own party, but 
only has the chance to denounce the op- 
posite one and here or there criticise its 

Under these circumstances the anti- 
secret speaker or writer has need to be on 
his guard. Let him cultivate the sense 
of the relation of lodgery to his Lord, 
to the church and to all he honors or 
holds dear. Let him play a knightly 
part in defending what secrecy attacks or 
undermines, and see to it that he never 
sinks wholly into work that is destruc- 
tive, and loses hold of that which is con- 


Under the above caption, Public Opin- 
ion, for June 14, condenses from Gov- 
ernor Roosevelt's article in the June 
Century, and every reader of the Cyno- 
sure would do well to read either this 
shorter article or the original one which 
is entitled "Latitude and Longitude 
Among Reformers. The Century arti- 
cle begins : "One of Miss Mary E. Wil- 
kins' delightful heroines remarks, in 

speaking of certain would-be leaders of 
social reform in her village: T don't 
know that I think they are so much above 
us as too far to one side. Sometimes it 
is longitude and sometimes it is latitude 
that separates people.' ' 

We quote from the condensation of 
Governor Roosevelt's article in Public 
Opinion : "In every community there 
are little knots of fantastic extremists 
who loudly proclaim that they are striv- 
ing for righteousness, and who, in real- 
ity, do their feeble best for unrighteous- 
ness. Just as the upright politician 
should hold in popular scorn the man 
who makes the name of politician a re- 
proach and a shame, so the genuine re- 
former should realize that the cause he 
champions is especially jeopardized by 
the mock reformer who does what he 
can to make reform a laughing-stock 
among decent men. As a matter of fact 
the typical extremist of this kind differs 
from the practical reformer, from the 
public man who strives in practical fash- 
ion for decency, not at all in superior 
morality, but in inferior sense. He is not 
more virtuous ; he is less virtuous. He 
is merely more foolish. In addition to 
the simple and sincere men who have a 
twist in their mental make-up, these 
knots of enthusiasts contain, especially 
among their leaders, men of morbid van- 
ity, who lack p.ower to accomplish any- 
thing if they go in with their fellows to 
fight for results, and who prefer to sit 
outside and attract momentary attention 
by denouncing those who are really 
forces for good. 

"In every community in our land there 
are many hundreds of earnest and sin- 
cere men, clergymen and laymen, re- 
formers who strive for reform in the 
field of politics, in the field of philan- 
thropy, in the field of social life : and we 
could count on the fingers of one hand 
the number of times these men have been 
really aided in their efforts by the men 
of the type referred to in the preceding 
paragraph. The man who demands the 
immediate impossible in temperance is 
not the man who ever aids in an effort to 
minimize the evils caused by the saloon : 
and those who work practically for polit- 
ical reform are hampered so far as they 
are affected at all, by the strutting vanity 
of the professional impracticables. They 



September, 1900. 

have lost the power to do practical work 
by ceasing to exercise it, by confining 
themselves to criticism and theorizing, 
to intemperate abuse and intemperate 
championship of what they but imper- 
fectly understand. 

'Too often indeed they actually alien- 
ate from the cause of decency keen and 
honest men, who grow to regard all 
movements for reform with contempt- 
uous dislike because of the folly and van- 
ity of the men who in the name of right- 
eousness preach unwisdom and practice 

"These men thus do inestimable dam- 
age ; for the reform spirit, the spirit of 
striving after high ideals, is the breath of 
life in our political institutions ; and 
whatever weakens it by just so much les- 
sens the chance of ultimate success under 
democratic government.'' 


Expansion may not be necessary to 
our government, but it is so to our asso- 
ciation. It reproves secret societies, but 
is itself hardly anything more. Some- 
thing is lacking when a preacher of sev- 
eral years' experience in city and country 
carefully studies the question of joining 
a secret society, yet does not know where 
to look or send for a book or paper. It 
is doubtful whether one person in a thou- 
sand knows of the N. C. A. or has heard 
of the Cynosure. Possibly the number 
could safely be put at one in ten thou- 
sand. We work too much within the cir- 
cle, where work is least needed ; too little 
in the outside range, where it is needed 
most. We do not convince the uncon- 
vinced, but reconvince the convinced. 

Methods of reaching outsiders ought 
to receive large attention. This aim 
should afreet all questions of publication 
and management, and the gratification of 
those already convinced should be far less 
desired than the enlistment of new re- 

How many of our readers will say amen 
to the above call for expansion? How 
many will enlist for "three years or dur- 
ing the war" and co-operate with the as- 
sociation in placing some new literature 
into the homes of their own town, or a 
neighboring town, each quarter, until at 

least no family in said town shall be with- 
out warning as to the deadening power of 
secret societies on spiritual life and the 
danger to the soul from the worship at 
altars erected in the secret lodges of the 
country ? 

The awful crimes of China to-day are 
the work of her secret lodges. How 
many will contribute towards 'thirty thou- 
sand extra copies of the Cynosure for free 
distribution through the mails this com- 
ing year? Some are helping and have 
been pushing the expansion of the work, 
but their work ought to be multiplied by 
hundreds. The N. C. A. has thousands 
of booklets and tracts which it will 
send out for you if you will furnish the 
names of your neighbors and bear the 
cost of the literature. 


Romanism keeps close watch of poli- 
tics and government, and the following 
abridgement of an article from the West- 
ern Watchman, a St. Louis organ of Ro- 
man Catholicism, may be worthy of more 
attention for that reason. Its statement 
that nearly all Protestant ministers be- 
long to the Masonic lodge is far from 
correct. Unevangelical ministers do to 
some extent become Free Masons, and 
many Methodists, but connection with 
the order among Congregational or Bap- 
tist ministers is not common, though 
there are exceptions. 

"All the heads of departments in the 
French Republic are Free Masons. The 
Paris correspondent of the Associated 
Press has made thorough personal inves- 
tigation and on Tuesday last telegraphed 
to the American press the result of his 
inquiry. Not only that they are Masons, 
but inveigle every public man in France, 
who, except the Monarchists and the 
practical Catholics, are active members 
of the craft. 

"There is not a member of the present 
administration who is not a Free Mason, 
and every one of the numerous ministers 
who have held office since Jules Grevy 
became president in 1879, have likewise 
been wearers of the apron. Much of 
Gambetta's tremendous power and in- 
fluence was exercised by means of Ma- 
sonry ; and the members of the house of 

September, 1900. 



Rothschild, as well as most of the great 
princes of finance here in Paris, the presi- 
dents of railroads and analogous under- 
takings, as the government officials and 
many of the judges are Masons. 

"Masonry in France is far more potent 
.and plays a far greater role in everyday 
life than anywhere in the world, save in 
Italy, where it likewise is a great political 
force. It cannot be denied that it has 
until now been repeatedly used here to 
shield criminals when they happened to 
hold an important position in the Repub- 
lican party. It was jthanks to the influ- 
•ence of the craft, that the principal cul- 
prits in the Panama scandal, as well as 
those equally sensational Southern rail- 
road cases, were never brought to jus- 
tice, merely the minor culprits being pun- 

"We have repeatedly since the fall of 
Dom, Pedro, pointed out the pernicious 
.activity of Freemasonry among Latin 
nations. Spain is crippled, not by an- 
archy, which is a radical offshoot of Ma- 
sonry, but by the paralyzing concurrent 
jurisdiction of the craft. Italy is a Ma- 
sonic monarchy, as Naples in the days 
of the Bourbons was an ecclesiastical 
monarchy. Humbert only awaits the 
flat of the Grand Lodge of Italy to retire 
forever to private life. The Latin repub- 
lics of the new world are in the grip of the 
Masons, and this accounts for their cease- 
less turmoil and endless revolutions. 
Mexico has enjoyed a stable government 
for some years, not because Diaz knew 
how to govern the country, but because 
he is better able to manage the lodges. 
He requires every man connected with 
the government and every officer in the 
army to become a Free Mason, and he has 
a majority of his friends in every lodge. 
The reason why Maximilian failed in 
Mexico was because he would have noth- 
ing to do with the lodges. 

"The Church knew what she was about 
when she placed this accursed sect under 
her anathema. She has declared Free- 
masonry Satan's reserve. She asks no 
quarter of the Craft, and she gives none. 
The blind mice of the Protestants' min- 
istry not only cannot find anything dan- 
gerous in Masonry, but nearly all of them 
belong to it. They are powerless in this 
country at present. But the day will 
come when discontent will take shelter in 

the lodges and then good-by great Re- 
public of the United States !" 


Among no people of the world do secret so- 
cieties flourish more luxuriantly than among 
the Chinese. 

The Chinese name of the society is Yi-Ho- 
Chuan, which translates literally into English 
as "righteousness, harmony and "fists," and 
the derived name "boxers" seems to be highly 
appropriate to an organization devoted so 
manifestly to the "strenuous life." Osten- 
sibly it was an athletic society, and its va- 
rious groups were formed into bodies of gym- 
nasts. These began gymnastic exercises in 
the Chinese villages, and drilling as a mili- 
tary organization was quickly developed, 
with broadswords for arms. On account of 
the swords, the boxers have also been known 
as the "Big Knives." Charles F. Gammon. 
a Congregational missionary in China, in an 
article printed recently by the Bible Society 
Record, says that the society 7 grew with great 

One of their placards, which was widely 
circulated, read: 

The Universal Boxer Society. 

You are personally invited to meet on the 
seventh day of the ninth moon. 

Elevate the Manchus. 

Kill the foreigners. 

Unless this summons is obeyed you will 
lose your head. 

The above is part of an article in the 
Springfield (Mass.) Republican, of June 
9. Other societies might be mentioned 
as patronized by the Chinese, as the 
Highbinders and the Freemasons. 


Along with some of the usual lodge 
dialect Grand Master Hughes adds this 
straight representation of the business of 
the Springfield Odd Fellows' Home. The 
way in which he uses the word "insur- 
ance" shows that he recognizes the busi- 
ness character of what he had called 

I desire to invite your attention to the Home 
and to its comprehensive and economic char- 

Ordinary life insurance is so expensive as 
to be beyond the means of those men who 
comprise the majority of The membership of 
our order. 

Life insurance is but a means of providing, 
for those who are dependent upon us. 



September, 1900. 

One of the important questions to be con- 
sidered by every married member of our order 
is. "Where, for the least money, can I secure 
the best insurance for my wife and little 

The answer is, in the Odd Fellows' Home at 

The present assessment is 40 cents per capita 
per annum— less than four-fifths of a cent per 
week; and this small sum secures to the 
needy wife and children, upon the death of 
the father, a home without cost to the lodge 
of which the deceased father was a member. 
What better provision can any Odd Fellow 
make for his wife and children than this? 


The Square and Compass is authority for 
the following: "Under a charter from Fred- 
erick the Great all Masonic property— real 
and personal— is exempt from taxes in Prus- 

Yes, and you will be able to write the same 
good news of this country when a Bismarck 
will come forward to drive Masonry's foes 
from the land.— The Tyler, Aug. 1, 1899. 

Is this, then, the Masonic ambition? 
There seems greater need to abate 
Masonic nuisances than Masonic taxes. 


Lodge property devoted entirely to the 
benevolent work of the order has for years 
been taxed for State, county and municipal 
purposes. Two years ago, a law exempting 
the property of the G. A. R. and Veterans' 
Union, was amended to include the property 
of the Grand Lodges of Freemasons, Odd 
Fellows and Knights of Pythias. Last winter 
this same law was again amended so as to 
enlarge its scope. The law now reads as fol- 
lows : 

Section 1. That section 2732-33 of the Re- 
vised Statutes of the State of Ohio be amend- 
ed so as to read as follows: 

Section 2732-33. That all property, real or 
personal, belonging to or which may here- 
after belong to any incorporated post of the 
Grand Army of iiie Republic, or Union Vet- 
erans' Union, or Grand Lodge Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, or Grand Lodge Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, or Grand Lodge Knights 
of Pythias, or religious or secret benevolent 
organization, maintaining a lodge system, or 
incorporated association of ministers of any 
church, which is intended to create a furd or 
is used or intended to be used for the care and 
maintenance of indigent soldiers of the late 
war. indigent members of said organizations, 

and the widows and orphans of the deceased' 
members of said organizations, and not oper- 
ated with a view to profit, or having as their 
principal object the issuance of insurance cer- 
tificates of membership, such property, real 
and personal, and the interest or income de- 
rived therefrom, shall not be deemed taxable 
under any law of this State, and the trustees 
of such organizations above named shall not 
be required to return or list the same for taxa- 

Section 2. That said amended section 2732- 
33, passed April 3, 1898 (93 O. L.. 219). be and 
the same is hereby repealed; and this act shall 
be in force from and after its passage. 

Since the passage of this amended law the 
question is frequently asked as to the scope 
and effect. We sought an interpretation from 
the Auditor of State, but that officer has not 
yet reached the point where he is ready to 
give his opinion.— The Knight. 

The question of the "scope and effect" 
of this lengthy and perhaps rather inco- 
herent section is important. If a court de- 
cision could by any means be obtained 
which would make this statute exempt 
all property and holdings of secret assess- 
ment companies, it might not then be 
hard to manage a scheme wdiich would 
make a large section of some city exempt 
from its proper share of municipal bur- 
dens. If Ohio exempts all insurance the 
clause is unnecessary ; if it exempts no 
other insurance the reason for exempting 
that which is secret is not clear. There is 
an appearance of discrimination against 
that insurance which is able to render 
the best service to the State and its citi- 


A minister of the Gospel says he is opposed 
to Freemasonry, Odd Fellowship, Knights of 
Pythias, and kindred secret fraternities, be- 
cause the name of Christ does not appear in 
any of the prayers used by them. The ques- 
tion may be asked of these fellows. "Did you 
ever use, or hear used the name of Christ in 
the prayer beginning 'Our Father, who art in 
Heaven'?" To be consistent, these sticklers 
for the use of the name should use the name 
of Christ in every thing they say or do— but 
they don't, neither do we as lodge officers and 
members.— The Knight. 

Whether the attempted reply to the ob- 
jection credited to a minister of the Gos- 
pel is in all respects in good taste and suit- 
able to the subject is hardly a question. 
The point, however, which calls for a re- 

September, 1900. 



ply in turn, is the test of consistency here 
set up. "To be consistent,'' objectors of 
this class "should use the name of Christ 
in everything they say or do," replies the 
lodge organ. 

Consistency would truly demand this 
of that "minister of the Gospel," if he said 
the lodge ought to "use the name of 
Christ in everything" it said or did. But 
this is just what he did not say; hence 
there is no such ground on which to rest 
a plea of inconsistency. 

The objection is not that the name is 
not always used, but that it can never be 
used. If some church should make that 
rule the same minister would there raise 
the same objection. 

To quibble about mere iteration is to 
evade the real issue. It is one thing tac- 
itly to assume and another studiously to 
ignore the mediatorship of Christ. If in a 
church the Lord's prayer were selected 
for the purpose of dishonoring its author, 
that church would be justly discredited. 
If its whole method and purpose were 
thus indicated, it would be justly disfel- 

The point is not that the name is not 
constantly repeated, but that it must 
never be spoken. The objection is, that 
to allude to Jesus Christ is a lodge crime. 
Nothing new is required of this "minister 
of the Gospel" to bring him into consist- 
ency, and the ostensible reply of the cour- 
teous Knight is an answer to something 
no one has said. 



The annual income of Odd Fellowship is 
nearly nine millions— in exact figures. $8,766,- 
393.56. Relief extended in one year. $3,422,- 
9S6.50.— Odd Fellows' Companion. 

This leaves $5, 343, 407.06 to be other- 
wise accounted for. Reckoning the mill- 
ions only for convenience, we may say 
that this benevolent institution, if consid- 
ered merely as such, spends five dollars 
tc disburse three. But it does not spend 
five dollars of its own money in order to 
obtain facilities for benefiting other-, to 
the amount of three. It spends five itself 
in order to provide three for itself to meet 
an emergency. It is like a country de- 
positor who pays five dollars for a round 
trip ticket in order to reach the city and 
deposit three in a savings bank. 

We find the following letter from Grand 
Sire PinkertOD in the Weekly Union, in Bro. 
Kidder's column— it is of interest to Rebe- 

Office of the Grand Sire, 
Worcester, Mass., Feb. 10. 1000. 
George Winch, Esq., Grand Master. Man- 
chester, X. H.: 
My Dear Sir and Brother: In reply to your 
letter of Feb. 8, I advise you that under sec- 
tion 0. of the code for the government of 
Rebekah lodges (1899), the daughters, sisters 
and mothers of Odd Fellows in good stand- 
ing, and of deceased Odd Fellows who were 
in good standing at the time of their decease, 
are eligible to membership in a Rebekah lodge 
irrespective of the fact that they may now 
be married to persons who are not members, 
of the order. Fraternally yours. 

Alfred S. Pinkerton, 
Grand Sire. 

And thus she not only may but must 
have secrets with other men which she 
cannot tell her husband. She goes with 
other men where her husband cannot 


In a well-timed circular to the Rebekah 
lodges of Ohio, Grand Master Ivor Hughes 
thus calls attention to and explains the new 
laws governing the admission of members to- 
the Rebekah branch of Odd Fellowship: 

•'I desire at this time to call your attention 
to an important amendment to the Rebekah 
Code, passed by the Sovereign Grand Lodge 
at its last session, and which went into effect 
on the first day of the month. That part of 
said code amended is subdivision 2 of section 
6. and as amended reads as follows: 

•• 'All Odd Fellows in good standing, and 
their wives, their daughters, their sisters and 
their mothers, and the daughters, sisters and 
mothers of deceased Odd Fellows.' 

"It will be observed that this amendmenr 
greatly enlarges the class of women who may 
now become members of the Rebekah degree; 
it affects more particularly, however, mar- 
ried women, making eligible any married 
woman of good character, who is the wife. 
daughter, sister or mother of an Odd Fellow 
in good standing, and also making eligible to 
membership in a Rebekah Lodge any married 
woman (of good character! whose deceased 
father or brother, or son was at the time of 
his death an Odd Fellow in good standing. 

"It will further be observed that a married 



September. 1900. 

woman, though her husband be not an Odd 
Fellow, is. under this amendment, eligible to 
membership in a Rebekah Lodge, provided 
she is the mother, daughter or sister of a de- 
ceased Odd Fellow, who at the time of his 
death was a member of the order in good 
standing. I believe that this change by way 
of enlargement in the eligibility feature of 
the Rebekah code is wise, and will result in 
adding both to the numerical and moral 
strength of this branch of Odd Fellowship, 
and give increased strength and usefulness to 
the order as a whole."— Odd Fellow Com- 

Thus the new woman, whose mother 
had nothing secret to join but waited at 
home while her husband was at the lodge, 
now turns the tables. Her husband may 
not be an Odd Fellow, but she can be a 
Rebekah — just vice versa, you see. 

Yes, and while she is about it she goes 
him one better. Her father left her moth- 
er alone for p. lodge of men only; she 
leaves her husDand to read the newspaper 
while she goes off to see the Rebekahs — 
and the Beckys in pants, too. 


The Masonic Chronicle published in a re- 
cent issue the following item: "There are 
fifty Masonic lodges in Paris, France." Gen. 
John Corson Smith, of Chicago, corrects the 
statement and gives a warning that is very 
pertinent at this time. He says, writing to 
the Chronicle: " 'There are fifty lodges in 
Paris, France,' says the paragraph going the 
rounds of the Masonic press. This is mis- 
leading, and in view of the many members 
of the craft who are about to visit the Paris 
exposition, should be corrected. 

"When the Holy Bible, the first and great- 
est light in Freemasonry, was removed from 
the lodge room and the altar destroyed, Ma- 
sonic lodges ceased to exist in Paris. When 
the candidate for the mysteries of Freema- 
sonry was no longer required to believe in 
Deity, Freemasonry in Paris and France was 
destroyed, annihilated, and as though it had 
never had an existence. 

"These facts should be impressed on the 
minds of every member of the craft who in- 
tends to visit Paris during the French expo- 
sition, or at any other time. 

"The further fact remains, and of which 
no one should plead ignorance, that in conse- 
quence of the above invasion of territory by 
these French atheistical bodies, all American 
Grand Lodges, the Grand Lodge of England, 
Grand Lodge of Ireland, and Grand Lodge 

of Scotland, withdrew recognition, and to- 
day there is no known Masonic lodge in Paris 
or France, that our brethren may visit. 

"These facts cannot be too prominently 
placed before our American brethren, that 
none may plead ignorance and blunderingly 
and thoughtlessly violate their vows."— Mis- 
souri Freemason. 

But how about the lodge in Egypt, 
where The Book of the Law on the Ma- 
sonic altar is the Koran? The Bible is 
equally absent there. If all sorts of books 
will answer elsewhere, as in China, In- 
dia, Turkey and Egypt, and if these books 
can replace the Bible, and if the Bible it- 
self is absent, or may be absent from hun- 
dreds of Masonic altars in Eastern lands, 
why rule against France as if the Bible 
were necessary? O, yes! "A book of 
the law" must be with the Square and 
Compass, and the Bible happens to be 
the only one France could claim. 


There are some curious things in our Odd 
Fellow laws, when we come to analyze them. 
An Odd Fellow may be overtaken by mis- 
fortune and be unable to spare from his 
scanty means a sum sufficient to pay his dues 
at a period when it would keep him in "good 
standing." This financial condition may be 
known to the officers and members of the 
lodge, yet "the law" prohibits the lodge from 
donating a sum to be placed to his credit suffi- 
cient to keep him in "good standing." Among 
the decisions of the Grand Sire, reported to 
the Sovereign Grand Lodge, the recent com- 
munication, is the following: 

"A brother in open lodge moves that a do- 
nation be made from the lodge funds to be 
placed to the credit of a member, sufficient to 
place the member liable to suspension in good 
standing. Motion carried." 

"Question— Is this legal?" 

To this the Grand Sire answers "It is not"— 
because, -as the Grand Sire says, it is simply 
a transfer of funds to the brother's credit for 
the purpose of paying his dues, and is, there- 
fore, an illegal use of lodge funds, under the 
general laws of the order, and the lodge has 
no right to remit dues, etc.— O. F. Companion. 

The holder of an endowment policy in 
a life insurance company we could name 
can go and borrow money on his policy 
from the company for that very purpose. 
And the company won't read him> sancti- 
monious lectures or do the fictitious 
charitv act over it, either. 

September. 1900. 



fable Ml 


When he giveth quietness, who then can 
make trouble?— Job. xxxiv., 29. 

"He giveth quietness." Sweet words of 
When the storm gathers and the skies 
are dark ; 
Out of the tempest to His sheltering 
Fly, O my soul, and find a welcome 

"He giveth quietness." O Elder Brother, 
Whose homeless feet have pressed our 
path of pain, 
Whose hands have borne the burden of 
our sorrow 
That in Thy losses we might find our 

Of all Thy gifts and infinite consolings 

I ask but this : In every troubled hour 
To hear Thy voice through all the tumult 
And rest serene beneath its tranquil 

Cares cannot fret me if my soul be 
In the still air of faith's untroubled 
Grief cannot shake me if I walk beside 
My hand in Thine along the darken- 

Content to know there comes a radiant 
When from all shadows I shall find 
release ; 
Serene to wait the rapture of its dawning, 
Wmo can make trouble when Thou 
sendest peace? 
— Emily Huntington Miller in The Chris- 
tian Advocate. 

Always vote for God, and you will be 
able to veto sin. 

The man who calls on God will always 
find him at home. 

Some of our enemies are best fought 
on our knees. 

That which tickles the ear never 
touches the heart. 

It is in the distillery that the devil finds 
his best artillery. 

The sins that pay best are the last ones 
we want to give up. 

\\ nen you kneel to pray don't be too 
anxious about a cushion. 


Wine may multiply the Mow of words, 
but it never multiplies the purity of the 

The business of a saloonkeeper is law- 
ful — minus the first "T". 

It seldom takes eight quarts of liquor 
to make a "peck of trouble." 

A man will never make both ends meet 
if he is too busily engaged in making 
one end drink. 



Dissipation makes a dizzy patient. 
The battle with evil is no sham fight. 
The best lesson in grammar is to de- 
cline sin. 

That two-thirds of what one positively 
knows is not so. 

That to conceal the truth is to lie in 

That the best prophet of the future is 
the past. 

That want of principle is often the 
principal want. 

"That the wheel of fortune is not built 
on the square." 

That the man who is in the right does 
not have to get mad. 

That a bachelor is about as useful as a 
half pair of scissors. 

That all minds are not built alike, 
neither are all stomachs. 

That the office with no salary attached 
generally seeks the man. 

That the most domineering man some- 
times has to mind a baby. 

That a tombstone generally speaks 
well of the man who is down. 



September, l'JOO. 

That we all have strength enough to 

endure the 

misfortune that's come to 

Hen>0 of ©ur Pori 

Rev. John Collins, who did such good 
work at the late M. E. General Confer- 
ence, writes : 

"The ioo copies of the July Cynosure 
came all right. A thousand thanks. I 
go this week to one Camp Meeting to 
let light shine in darkness. Yours, 

John Collins. 

Somersworth, N. H. 

Mr. Lee Lanty of Congerville, 111., is 
billed for an address at that place on Sep- 
tember 6 next, on "The Effect of Secret 
Organizations on the Home, Church and 

The more spiritual minded of the 
church in Congerville deplore the dead- 
ening effect of the lodge, especially of the 
Modern Woodmen of America. A sam- 
ple copy of the Cynosure sent into that 
place has started the discussion that we 
trust will do much good. We are send- 
ing out some two thousand copies of the 
Christian Cynosure each month and want 
as many of our readers as can to aid us 
in the expense and share with us in the 
reward for the good results. 

At the Friends' District Meeting at 
High Point, N. C, our cause was repre- 
sented in the person of one of our direc- 
tors, Rev. P. W- Raidabaugh, and also by 
Rev. Mead A. Kelsey, editor of the North 
Carolina Friend, who had on hand a sup- 
ply of some of our literature, and who 
desires to secure at least one subscriber 
for the Cynosure in each of their churches 
in that state. The lodge is at work dis- 
integrating the Friends' church in the 
South, and robbing it of spiritual power. 

The address of Elder J. Franklin 
Browne is now Goshen, Hampshire 
County, Massachusetts. He has charge 
of the Goshen Bible School, a new en- 
terprise projected by the late H. L. Has- 
tings, of Boston. Elder Browne has lec- 
tured for the National Christian Associa- 
tion in many parts of the country, and 

we trust that the prayers of many will 
be offered for him and his new work. 

A very interesting discussion in the 
Men's League of the Baptist Church, of 
Rochester, N. Y., was recently had on 
the question, " Resolved, That Christian 
men should abstain from uniting with se- 
cret societies." The result of the discus- 
sion created a wide interest and was help- 
ful, it is believed, to the spiritual welfare 
of the church. Rev. Charles W. Fletcher 
is the pastor. 

Rev. J. O. Lundberg, of the Swedish 
Lutheran Church, writes "that the time 
has come when vigorous work must be 
given to the secrecy question if the posi- 
tion of the church is to be upheld." He 
says "some of the congregations in the 
big cities are giving up the struggle 
against the secret societies. We had a 
very hard fight to uphold the Constitu- 
tion of our church concerning secret so- 
cieties at the last meeting at the Minne- 
sota Conference at Cambridge." 

Rev. C. A. Freeman, pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Whitewater, Wis., re- 
cently gave a series of addresses on the 
relation of the secret lodge to Christian- 
ity. Our first acquaintance with Bro. 
Freeman was while he was a missionary 
in the Indian Territory. He has had a 
wide observation of the effects in a mis- 
sionary field on the work of the Lord of 
these institutions. But a pastor who fol- 
lows his Lord loyally must make up his 
mind "to take the spoiling of his goods 
cheerfully" (Heb. 10: 34). Hence many 
ought to write a letter of sympathy to. 
such faithful servants of God, and remem- 
ber them in prayer. "Bear ye one anoth- 
er's burdens." 


While conversing with a book agent in 
Minneapolis and he believing that I must 
be an ardent Mason, told me that he had 
the cipher rituals, "out of sight." 

They continue selling these in spite of 
the fact that it is a Masonic offense to 
keep or sell them. Yours truly, 

(Rev.) O. T. Lee. 

Northwood, Iowa. 

September, 1900. 




Douglas Camp, Mass., July 20, 1900. 
This is the rallying point of those who 
call themselves "Holiness People." It 
has been their eastern Mecca for a quar- 
ter of a century. Since my first visit im- 
portant changes have occurred and many 
then prominent have "gone before." 

Bro. George M. Morse, the effective 
-agent in forming and the inspiring genius 
in maintaining these annual gatherings, 
is the vigorous and fearless leader, whose 
natural force seems little abated, at more 
than three score and ten years he com- 
mands more than the respect of all who 
have known him long, and will, by his 
rare gift of winning and directing others, 
make them feel that he claims no supe- 
riority- over the humblest of all who come 
up to this "Feast of Tabernacles." Such 
a man with such characteristics has, of 
course, no fellowship with secret society 
bombast. What has been deemed "side 
issues" by the management has been de- 
nied official recognition from the begin- 
ning, and from this rule there seems to 
"be no disposition to depart. While main- 
taining this position there are few evils 
that have not been assailed and discussed 
with freedom. In opening the Camp 
Meeting Bro. Morse gave a clear and de- 
cisive testimony against "Freemasonry 
and all Secret Societies." While he 
deems it unwise to admit a representative 
of any specialty, other than that of "Holi- 
ness," to the platform, he encourages, 
both by exhortation and example, as- 
saults upon Satan's movements at every 

My earlier experience here was that 
of toleration, but it has now matured into 
a fellowship most helpful and pleasing. 
This is the first day of services and at- 
tendance is said to be unusually large, 
and the promise exceptionally encour- 
aging. A few only of the speakers have 
arrived, among whom are Rev. A. E. 
Withev, wife and son, from Angola, Af- 
rica ; Rev. Wm. H. Daniels from India, 
who inquired if I knew the late Dr. J. 
Blanchard of Wheaton, 111., and told me 
of a delightful visit and cordial welcome 
he enjoyed there several years ago. He 
had heard that a worthy son succeeded 
his venerable father and was deeply in- 
terested when he learned that I had some 

knowledge of a friend whose memory 
he cherished. Dr. Levy of Philadelphia 
lived before the Emancipation Proclama- 
tion and was chaplain of the convention 
that nominated John C. Fremont for 
President. He was born in Georgia, and 
like many other good men, was drawn 
into satan's snare of secrecy. The bless- 
ing of Holiness emancipated him from 
thirty-two degrees in the Masonic slave 
system and opened his eyes to the ini- 
quity of satan's subtle device. His fel- 
lowship is with the Father and with His 
Son Jesus Christ, and not with the "un- 
fruitful works of darkness." 

The evening train brought Bro. Wilson 
from Providence, who speaks frequently 
snd strongly against the lodge; and sev- 
eral, whose names I have not learned. 
Bro. Taylor, w T ho gave a partial exposi- 
tion of Freemasonry on the platform last 
year, is expected later. On my way to 
the train in Boston I received twenty- 
five copies of "Freemasonry Symbolized 
in Revelation," which I am submitting to 
the ministers for their inspection. Pres- 
ident C. A. Blanchard's synopsis of his 
address at Northfield is doing good 


Xorthfield, Mass., Aug. 15, 1900. 

Dear Bro. Phillips : Eight days with 
Mrs. Stoddard at this mecca of Christian 
workers has revived the memory of expe- 
riences at the World's Fair, and given a 
rare opportunity to "feel the pulse" of 
the advanced Christian ministry and en- 
joy the fellowship and instruction of 
some of the choicest saints "in the flesh." 

The attendance is unusually large. 
Probably two thousand people have been 
sheltered and fed at reasonable rates un- 
der direction of the association, without 
the slightest friction of apparent discord 
or dissatisfaction, so that everybody 
seemed happy. The audience and work- 
ers represent a wide area in geography, 
and a great diversity in talent, education 
and methods of work, but one Spirit per- 
vades the throng. It hardly need be said 
that Bros. Morgan and Myers are the 
most attractive and instructive teachers 
of the Word, but others presenting spe- 
cial lines of work in this and other coun- 



September, 1900. 

tries, are received with marked attention 
and profit. 

Less than one day was required to as- 
certain what would be agreeable to those 
in charge, and when we were sufficiently 
informed to avoid giving offense, Mrs. 
Stoddard and I entered upon our special 
work. Nearly four thousand books, 
tracts and leaflets have been put into the 
hands of men and women, who are de- 
voted "followers of the Lamb" and de- 
vout students of His Word. Danger Sig- 
nals Xos. i and 2, Prize Essays on Se- 
crecy and Citizenship, Freemasonry 
Symbolized in Revelation, and The 
Church and the Lodge, by Prest. C. A. 
Blanchard, were received with marked 
favor by many pastors and evangelists, 
several of whom promised to write me 
after reading. The effect of Pres. Blanch- 
ard's address at the Conference of 1895 
remains, and not a few, who heard him, 
expressed great admiration for the man 
and a strong desire to hear him again on 
the same subject. 

Since this is considered "a delicate 
question" by so many, it would not be 
seemly for me to enter into details, but it 
is no breach of confidence to say that I 
conferred personally with eight clergy- 
men who have "renounced the hidden 
things of dishonesty" by leaving their 
lodges, to "walk in the light as He is in 
the light." Some were reserved in their 
remarks, while others spoke very freely 
of their disappointment, and of the de- 
ception by which they were induced to 
yoke up with unbelievers in their secret 
assemblies. All agreed that fellowship in 
the lodge was fatal to vital godliness, and 
that the only safe course to pursue was 
to "come out from among them." 

Northfield is the fifth large gathering 
of Christian people that I have visited 
within thirty days. Northfield is the one, 
however, giving the largest opportunity, 
with the promise of best results. There 
is a feeling, confessed to be common 
among intelligent Christians, that the se- 
cret lodge system is a great evil, which 
the ministry and the church must antag- 
onize, and that we are nearing a period 
when evangelical churches will not tol- 
erate ministers, or fellowship members, 
holding divided relations and double al- 
legiance to Christ and the anti-Christ 
lodge. God hasten the day. 

Jamc; P. Stoddard. 


Dear Editor: By the time this is in 
print I will be having some good meet- 
ings in the southeast part of the State of 
Ohio, principally in Muskingum, Guern- 
sey and Noble Counties. New Concord, 
Byesville, Sarahsville, Summerfield and 
Senecaville are points already "upon the 
tapis" for lectures. 

Since my last report from the field, I 
have been very active. Have visited a 
number of points, Lima, Allentown, Eli- 
da, Ada, Crestline, Mansfield, Mt. Vic- 
tory, Bell Center, Alger, Columbus 
Grove, Rimer, and a few country 
churches. Most of these meetings have 
been well attended and full of interest. A 
few persons have renounced the secret 
orders, and come out on the Lord's side. 

I feel that the lines are being drawn 
closer all the time. Sentiment is rising, 
which requires a complete separation 
from the world in order to be known as 
a follower of Jesus. Hypocrisy is being 
exposed more and more. The world is 
seeing it from time to time. In Lima, 
where we reside temporarily, I have 
spoken a number of times in the Zion 
Tabernacle, Elder Moot, pastor. Of 
course he is out and out against lodges. I 
regard him as a good, pure-minded ser- 
vant of our Lord. I also spoke in Zion 
at Ada. The Elder also has charge at 
this point. 

Here is the one point where the lodge 
rabble stoned the house and tried to do- 
violence to the elders of the church some 
time past. We had a small yet attentive 
and interesting audience. Mrs. Prof. 
Lehr said: "We appreciate your address, 
and pray God to bless you in your work." 
Atl the Mennonite Church, west of Elida^ 
we had a large and very appreciative au- 
dience. We secured three subscribers 
for The Cynosure, and sold a number of 
our small books. Thus we gave a sword 
to these dear people, who are truly fight- 
ing their way through the ranks of Sa- 

The next night I spoke to a large audi- 
ence at Pleasant Valley U. B. Church, 
near Rimer, Putnam County, Ohio. The 
interest here was good, while we sought 
to exalt Christ above all else. I cannot 

September, 3900. 



take time, nor space, to mention every 
place or incident of interest. 

At Byesville, in Guernsey County, I 
spoke Saturday night and Sabbath, the 
I2th, to very large crowds. They could 
not near all get into the church. Many 
lodge men and women were present. 
They had said beforehand what they 
would do, but were as well disposed as 
any I have met. The crowds increased, 
as did also the interest. Twelve took the 
paper at this place. 

At Sarahsville I had been well an- 
nounced. An immense crowd came. I 
was introduced by Rev. S. Portman, of 
the Wesleyan Methodist Church, who 
also managed the collection. He 


is a 

success. He got for me the best collec- 
tion I have received anywhere since I 
came East. Eight took The Cynosure 
here. I had here Rev. H. R. Smith, of 
Leonardsburg, Ohio; Rev. E. O. Potter, 
of Toll Gate, W. Va. ; a young Bro. Mar- 
key, from West Virginia ; also Rev. J. C. 
Sherberne, of the Free Methodist 
Church. So I had good backing here. At 
Summerfield I spoke in the Free Meth- 
odist Church to a good audience. The in- 
terest was good. Quite a number re- 
mained outside, and would not come in. 
The M. E. minister refused to come, on 
the grounds that those inside knew more 
than those on the outside of the orders. 
My humble opinion is, he knew things 
about the lodges he did not wish to hear 

At Senecaville I was introduced to the 
Wesleyan Methodist Conference and in- 
vited to speak. They gave me Thursday 
night, and a large audience came. There 
was excellent attention. They gave me 
a very good collection. A few took the 
paper for a year. 

From there I came to Portage, Ohio, 
camp grounds, where I am at present 
writing attending the Sandusky Union 
Holiness Association camp-meeting. It 
is a place where the gospel and all im- 
portant reforms receive no uncertain 
sound. A large number have been con- 
verted, many more sanctified, some pro- 

fess healing and stil 

the good work goes 

When a man has finished paying for 
his own experience, he begins paying for 
hi? children's. 

Depot Myerstown, Pa., Aug. 16, 1900. 
Dear Cynosure : 

My work in this section moves on verv 
pleasantly. The light shines and truth 

At the camp-meeting of the Radical 
United Brethren for the Cumberland 
Valley, I was privileged to speak to as 
many people as could hear my voice in 
the open air. It was thought there were 
eight or ten thousand people in the 
woods. Perhaps five thousand heard the 

Several came and introduced them- 
selves, saying that they had left the 
lodges and wished me success in the 
work. Some wanted literature. As many 
Cynosure subscriptions were secured as 
the year previous. Our welcome was cor- 
dial. Temporal needs were supplied by 
the friends. The meetings were of a high 
order. Many praised God, and some ac- 
cepted Christ as their Savior. The min- 
isters of this Conference are largely 
young men full of zeal and courage. With 
God's blessing there is a great future be- 
fore them. Some of the aged friends have 
passed through the Veil during the year. 
We missed Mother Bishop, at whose 
home we were always welcome. Brother 
Levi Oyler, whose gifts at different times 
have helped our work, is just on the bor- 
der land. His departure is expected at 
any time. His long life has been fruitful. 
The world will be poorer when he is 
gone. I was very glad to meet Brother 
Wickey, of Eschol. He came to camp 
as he said partially that he might meet 
me. He has for years been battling over 
in Perry County. While we have been 
acquainted through correspondence, it 
has never been our privilege to meet. I 
hope soon to have some meetings in his 
section. I cannot write of the many 
kindnesses shown during our week of 
stay at this camp. May the Lord reward 
all who favored us. 

I found Brother Simon Hershey, of 
Salunga, at work. He had large bills 
printed and posted stating that "Grand 
Free Lectures'' would be given by your 
humble servant in the Landisville Band 
Hall, August 8th and 9th. The heat, 
dust and closing of the M. E. camp-meet- 
ine\ in the °TOve near by, made the at- 

:.•_ -. 



September, 1900. 

tendance smaller than otherwise it would 
likely have been. Friends felt that some 
good was done. Xew Cynosure subscrip- 
tions were obtained. 

Last year I had some excellent meet- 
ings in Palmyra, Pa. A visit to this town 
revealed the fact that some were induced 
to leave lodges as a result of efforts there. 
Others will follow. I spoke to Sabbath 
schools in German Baptist churches Sab- 
bath a. hi. and p. m. In the evening I 
preached in the Union Christian Church. 
Tuesday evening I lectured in the River 
Brethren Church at Fair Land, Pa. All 
metings have been well attended. Many 
doors will be open as soon as I can come 
to Lebanon County again. I think I shall 
remain in this section to take in one or 
two days of the Christian Union Breth- 
ren camp-meeting, held in Kreider's 
Grove, beginning August 20th. These 
people are all opposed to secret societies. 
They speak the German largely, are a 
plain, straightforward people, much like 
the old United Brethren. Over fifty tents 
have been engaged and a great meeting 
is expected. Some thirty-five Cynosures 
will come this way because of this visit. 

Letters come from friends in Ohio and 
elsewhere wanting lectures. Be patient, 
friends, and I will get around as fast as I 
can.' That discussion at Kulpsville, Pa., 
must be attended, too. I will write friend 
Fetterolf, suggesting that we meet Sept. 
12th. If this date suits, he will doubt- 
less announce in local papers, so friends 
desiring to attend will know when to 

W. B. Stoddard. 



Remarks on the Church Rules, Sec. 6. 


"No person shall become or remain a 
member of this church and become or 
remain a member of any secret society or 
oath-bound organization." 


a fine address, though short at the last 
Annual Meeting of the N. C. A. : 

"Bro. Trout handles secret societies 
without gloves, and it would be a good 
thing if he could be heard in all parts of 
the Brotherhood on this important ques- 
tion. Our people need some stirring up 
along this line, for while it is generally 
understood that we are opposed to secret 
oath-bound orders, our ministers seldom 
give the public a well prepared and sound 
sermon on the subject. We need to do 
more preaching against being unequally 
yoked together with unbelievers." 


We must also specify the attitude of 
the Wesleyan Methodists of America to- 
ward all other systems of religion. It 
is admitted that the great systems of re- 
ligion may 'contain some truth, but it is 
also believed that whatever truth is thus 
held is associated with deadly errors, and 
that the only proper attitude of lovers of 
Jesus Christ is that of open and honest 
separation from the systems which thus 
mingle a little truth with such deadly er- 
rors. The specific application of this at- 
titude of the Wesleyan Methodist Church 
is found in the secret societies which rep- 
resent to an extent truly alarming the re- 
ligious systems which are opposed to 
Christianity. The lodge system of relig- 
ion in Christ cannot be found in fellow- 
ship with those forms of religion without 
denying their Lord. — Weslevan Metho- 


We are indebted to the National Chris- 
tian Association for a series of articles 
which begin in this number on secret so- 
cieties in heathen lands, together with il- 
lustrations. This organization is doing a 
great work for God in lifting up a stand- 
ard against one of the most insidious foes 
of the Church, and its literature ought to 
be in every community. — The North Car- 

The official organ, the Gospel Messen- If some men were to lose their reputa- 

ger, says of Rev. I. B. Trout, who gave tion they would be lucky. 

September, 1900. 



f ecete' Ie0ttmonte0. 


My home is in Star Prairie, Wiscon- 
sin, a small hamlet with four healthy 
lodges. And one that was not so healthy 
has recently died. 

In the summer of 1897 one of God's 
chosen vessels came here to hold meet- 
ings. He talked against lodges and was 
egged and the result was that the meet- 
ings had to be given up. It was the first 
time I had ever heard any objections to 
lodges. The devil having blinded my 
eyes, as he has thousands of good people, 
though he has not blinded the eyes of 
the best Christians, I could not see at 
that time why I should give up my beau- 
tiful "robe" and "crown" that I exhibited 
myself in during the modus operandi of 
making new members. In eight years I 
had given the lodge obligation to sixty 

Six months after the egg argument, 
that closed up our revival meetings, I was 
at the lodge and had put the officers- 
elect into their respective chairs, but I 
had not the least idea that it was to be 
my last time there. A new series of 
meetings were being held and I had be- 
come interested in some boys who were 
manifesting a desire to become Chris- 
tians. I asked several to call on me, 
and when they came I found them very 
much in earnest. I said to them, "If 
you will come again, and bring other 
boys whom you know are of the same 
mind as you, possibly I can help you all." 
The boys at once fell in with the idea and 
set the time when it was most convenient 
for them, when lo and behold ! they set it 
on my lodge night ! But this thought 
set me at ease ; "it will be only for one 
night." The boys came and when I 
was through with the meeting, they were 
asked if they would like to come again. 
"Yes, yes," was the answer from half a 
dozen boys. The boys increased in 
number until I had nine. It was a 
pleasant sight to see those boys from 
eleven to fourteen years of age, each 
with his Bible, gather around a large ta- 
ble for study. They seemed to get in- 
spiration from the Word, and later thev 

knelt in prayer, and each one sent his 
petition to God. It was a sight that even 
the good angels must have smiled over,, 
and I felt assured of the Father's ap- 

Said a Methodist minister to whom I 
was telling what I was doing, instead of 
going to my lodge : 

"You are doing more good," said he, 
than all the lodges in town, and," he con- 
tinued, "I begin to see the hollowness of 
the Masonic Lodge. I've seen men 
stand at the. altar and pray and as soon 
as they were 'out on the street, blaspheme 

I am sorry to say thai the lodge hasn't 
got so hollow yet in the estimation of 
this good man as to compel him to leave 

But I could easily see that my work 
was better than all the lodge work that 
I had ever done or had ever seen. I had 
had experience also in the Eastern Star. 

The meetings were kept up about six 
months. During this time I had seen 
my helplessness and as my work was 
"all for Jesus" my cry was constantlv 
for help. He never turned me away. I 
drank at the fountain as never before. 
God's Word had become a delight to 
study, and when obliged to abandon the 
meetings on account of sickness in the 
family, I felt I had had a blessed expe- 
rience. In my study to help others, I 
found that God's Word showed us that 
He was opposed to organized secrecy. 
Six months later, when health was re- 
stored to the sick one, I was loaded with 
Bible reasons why a Christian should not 
be a lodge member. 

In the past year I have used my influ- 
ence to help several Christians to give up 
their lodge and I trust with the Father's 
hand I may reach out still farther the 
present year. 

My lodge pin, never to be worn by me 
again, is laid aside. Moody says, "Love 
is the only badge by which the disciples 
of our Lord Jesus Christ are known." 
"By this shall all men know that ye are 
my disciples, if ye have love one to an- 

Dear Christian reader, if you are yoked 
up with unbelievers, do as God bids : 
"Come out from among them, and be ye 
separate, saith the Lord ; and I will re- 
ceive vou, and will be a Father unto vou,. 



September, 1900. 

and ye shall be my sons and daughters, 
saith the Lord Almighty." Beautiful 
promise ! Accept the terms, my brother 
my sister, even though it be a self-denial. 
"There is no man that hath left house or 
parents, or brethren, or wife or children, 
for the Kingdom of God's sake, who 
shall not receive manifold more in this 
present time, and in the world to come 
life everlasting." 

It has been about two years since I 
stepped out and not for one moment have 
I regretted the step. But so great is the 
spiritual awakening that I have expe- 
rienced, that it is far otherwise and I am 
ready to exclaim like him who in olden 
time experienced his Savior's healing 
power, "Once I was blind but now I 
see!" Hallelujah! He is just as will- 
ing to lead you as me. Very few people 
are more interested in the lodge than I 
was. My life was woven right in with 
those of lodge members, and I bear them 
no less love now that I have come out. 
But thanks be to God, I am glad to shout 
"Victory through our Lord and Savior 
Jesus Christ." This is why I left the 
Rebekah Lodge. Yours for the cause, 
Mrs. M. Rull. 

Star Prairie, Wis., Aug. 15, 1900. 


John F. Burgeson, Hector, Minnesota, 
said: "I used to belong to the Macca- 
bee Lodge. Soon after joining I saw 
that it was not the thing to join, but as I 
had no other place to pass the time I kept 
on going and paid my dues. But last 
Sunday, while Mrs. Powers prayed for 
me, I promised God that I would never 
put another cent into so foolish a thing as 
that. I gave my heart to the Savior and 
asked the Lord to help me to be stead- 

Overseer Mason asked all in the meet- 
ing who had been set free from secretism 
and had given up their lodges to show it 
by rising. Forty men and women arose. 
— Leaves of Healing. 

JJoice* from tlje Johw. 

Within the recollection of many of the older 
members of the Masonic fraternity there was 
a time when partisan politics was not dis- 
cussed in a lodge room, nor even in any room 
connected with it.— Missouri Freemason. 
And are thev now? 

It is more expensive to give than to re- 
ceive, but remember the reward your fam- 
ily will receive by proper giving.— Loyal 

Pretty good ! If that isn't the neatest 
combination of sanctimonious and 
would-be scriptural exhortation with 
pure insurance business we have en- 
countered ! Go to the head ! 

A certificate never sleeps and is never off 
duty, except as you dismiss it by not prompt- 
ly paying your assessments.— Loyal Guard. 

And why didn't you happen to think 
to add: "Charity never faileth?" 

A Western lodge reports that generally one 
good coat of tar and feathers will last a 
lifetime upon any impostor.— Loyal Guard. 

Because it is a mantle of charity that 
never faileth? 

Congress has granted the land for the erec- 
tion of a Pythian Sanitarium at Hot Springs, 
Ark. We understand that the building to be 
erected thereon will cost a quarter million of 
dollars. The proposed institution has been 
located in that city by the action of the Su- 
preme Lodge, and the Knights of Arkansas 
have contributed $8,000 toward it. It is be- 
lieved that there will be no difficulty in se- 
curing the $250,000 for the completion of the 
institution. When completed it will be an- 
other monument to the credit of sound Pyth- 
ianism.— From the Gleaner, in the Knight, 
July, 1898. 

We suggest that the Baptist and Pres- 
byterian Hospitals apply to Congress for 
a subsidy. 

Eight lodges, with an average mem- 
bership of 225, owe allegiance to the 
Grand Orient of Chile. 

Warren Lodge of Masons of Amesbury, 
Mass., counts itself lucky in not losing by 
the fire the gavel which it so highly prizes as 
an historic relic. The head was made from a 
piece of the old historical Concord bridge, a 
portion of the handle was made from a piece 
of the old Constitution and another piece of 
the handle from a timber of the Royal Sav- 
age that was in the first engagement on Lake 

September, 1900. 



Chainplain with a ship of Great Britain.— 
Tyler, April 15, 1899. 

"To what base uses must we come at 
last." "Imperial Caesar, dead and turned 
to clay, might stop a hole to keep the 
wind awav." 

selves about the non-attendance of policy 

It (Rome) enters Masonry for political pur- 
poses, despite the papal condemnation of the 
institution, relaxing its grip on its adherents 
when the occasion seems to require it, as the 
Propaganda Fide recently did in a decree per- 
mitting priests to officiate at the funerals of 
Roman Catholic members of the Masonic 
body, "in case the dead Mason was not openly 
hostile to the church." — From Facing the 
Twentieth Century, by Rev. Dr. J. M. King. 

It is said that every male person in and 
about the White House is a Freemason, 
and that a constant visitor has been Arch- 
bishop Ireland. Suppose that Masonry 
finds it politically advisable to follow Ro- 
manism or Romanism to follow Masonry, 
what silence of the press, what paralysis 
of patriotism may naturally follow. 

Consider the innumerable fraternal socie- 
ties, Sons of Adam and Daughters of Eve, 
organizations for the propagation of almost 
everything under heaven. Think of the as- 
sessments, and the banquets, and the "out- 
ings!" If we only put one-quarter of the time 
and labor and money that go into these things 
into missionary work every destitute region 
would, in a few years, be reached and bless- 
ed.— President S. B. Capen's recent message 
to the American Board. 

Consider, too, the secret affiliation with 
Paganism, and propagandism of secret 
orders among heathen peoples. Against 
what dark and burrowing antagonism of 
sappers and miners does the American 
Board seem to contend. 

In my twenty-four years' experience as an 
Odd Fellow I find that the cause of the small 
attendance in the lodge is due to the fact that 
no effort is made to make the meetings inter- 
esting, and members soon grow weary of go- 
ing to the lodge room and warch the opening 
and transaction of a small amount of busi- 
ness, closing, going out to stand on the street 
corners, or going home, at a very early hour; 
and the officers often grumble and wonder 
why there is not a better turnout. — Corre- 
spondent of Odd Fellow Companion. 

Old-line insurance companies manag'e 
to worry along and continue business at 
the old stand without troubling: them- 

The Masonic Sun of Canada Is opposed to 
public installations, for the reason "that Ma- 
sonry being a unique institution has re- 
frained from joining in the progressive ideas 
of modern society." 

What are those progressive ideas of 
modern society? Are any of them ex- 
pressed in the Declaration of Independ- 
ence? Are any of the progressive ideas 
Scriptural ideas? Have they any rela- 
tion to religious freedom and the purity 
and simplicity of Christian doctrine and 

"The Loyal Guard acknowledges the re- 
ceipt of a copy of 'Facts for Fraternalists,' 
published by the Fraternal Monitor Com- 
pany, Rochester, New York. Price, in tag 
board, seventy-five cents; in flexible leather, 
one dollar. It is a concise recapitulation of 
the various fraternal beneficiary societies, 
giving names of officers, methods of opera- 
ting, rates of assessment, statistical informa- 
tion, etc., etc. As a reference book it is valu- 
able to every fraternalist."— Loyal Guard, 
June, 1899. 

Yes, fraternal assessment is a great 
thing to be posted on. Fraternal rates 
of assessment should be carefully com- 
pared, and with something besides each 
other. The book would be more com- 
plete if it included a list of the many 
hundred concerns that have fraternally 
and eternally gone to smash. Beware 
of getting fraternally assessed in vain. 


The amount of benefits paid in case of sick- 
ness or death is fixed by each Tribe. 

The expense incurred in becoming a mem- 
ber is so small that the man of moderate 
means can enjoy the fruits of the order as 
well as the rich. 

The minimum fee for admission, including 
all the degreees, is $10 and as much more 
as each Tribe may make it. though nearly 
all the Tribes do not charge more than $10; 
dues are regulated by the various Tribes — 
generally about $6 per year, payable either 
quarterly or in such sums and at such times 
as the member may elect. — Buckeye Trail. 

The juxtaposition of Benefits and Fees 
suggests insurance. Insurance hardly 
requires sanctimonious palaver. 



September, 1900. 


In life insurance, above all things, a man 
should use good common sense. It is wise to 
be on the safe side, and the man who goes 
safely will beware of societies or lodges of- 
fering extravagant sums for small invest- 
ments. He should apply the same good busi- 
ness sense to his life protection investments 
that he would to his business; indeed with 
more reason, for it is future contingencies 
that he is providing against, contingencies 
over which he can have no control. Promises 
which do not appeal to one's common sense 
should be looked upon with suspicion, from 
whatever source they may emanate, and a 
careful investigation should be made before 
trusting to them. This common sense tru- 
ism will apply to all life insurance plans, and 
a practical application of it would save much 
dissatisfaction and many dollars. — Buckeye 

Yes, and how many it would have saved 
from being pinched by fallacious "assess- 
ment" and "fraternal" schemes, both se- 
cret and open. 


Ero. Gardner, K. R. S., of Lessing Lodge, 
No. 71, of Belleville, 111., writes us: 

'•Have you ever received notice about a 
fraud named A. E. Cunningham? If not, 
would you kindly make notice of it in your 
paper? He is a man of about 5 feet 6 inches 
tall; dark complexion; about 135 pounds 
weight. He claims to belong to Progress 
Lodge, No. 219, Atlanta, Ga. I telegraphed 
to Atlanta and received answer by mail, 
about six days after. There is no such lodge 
in Georgia. The highest number is 117. No 
such named brother in Atlanta. I at once 
wrote to St. Louis, where he stated he want- 
ed to go into a hospital. He claimed to be 
sick, and really did look that way. He is in 
possession of all the secret work, but with- 
out a receipt. I have come near catching two 
of them, and I do hope I will catch the next 
one."— The Knight. 

What! a fraud; a mere outsider pos- 
sessed of all the ineffable secrets? Im- 
possible ! 

For a beautiful specimen of asinine legis- 
lation read sections 9, 10, 11 and 13, inclu- 
sive, of title 48 of the statutes as recently 
adopted by the Grand Encampment. These 
sections empower a Commandery to send out 
into the cold world a formerly suspended 
but restored Sir Knight with a tag on his 
back, "Restored to good standing, but not 

fit to associate with us who are on the in- 
side." Sort of a waif, who is in "good stand- 
ing," but cannot live with others who are in 
good standing. This Templar is in the same 
fix as the twin who Avas befuddled as to 
whether he was Hans vot vas living, or 
Yacob vot vas deat— The Orient. Copied by 
the Tyler, the "leading paper of the craft," 
June 1, 1899. 

But what if the Cynosure had called it 

§nr ipett IMter, 


(Editorial Note: We hope that the follow- 
ing appeal will meet with a very generous- 

Four years ago last April I suffered by 
fire the loss of nearly all I had (over 
$4,000). Since then sickness and depre- 
ciation of property has so reduced me 
that I was forced to mortgage my little 
home for $6oo at 8 per cent, which will 
soon be due, and unless I can meet it, I 
shall lose all I have left in my old age,, 
and with no means of support. What I 
ask is that all my clear old friends in re- 
form work will help me all they can, as 
the Lord has prospered them. It will 
gladden my heart in my old age, with my 
afflicted wife. Please direct all letters 
to Rev. J. A. Richards, 1138 East Wall 
street, Fort Scott, Kansas. With an 
earnest prayer for God's blessings upon 
you all, I remain your sincere brother, 

J. A. Richards, 
1 138 East Wall Street, Fort Scott, Kan. 


Pryor Creek, I. T., August 14. 
My Dear Brother Phillips: 

The Gospel tent was set up in this out- 
of-the-way place about ten days ago, and 
the Lord has been giving us considerable 
blessing - . Of course, I find the trail of 
the lodge serpent even here in the back- 
woods, and his work is "ever the 
same" all over the land. The little one- 
horse preachers here nearly all belong to 
the lodge. I am more than ever con- 
vinced of the purpose of Satan, as I come 
in contact with this great lodge system. 
I am assured that if ever the devil in- 

September, 1900. 



vented a cunning scheme in order to the 
peopling of the lost world, he has most 
awfully succeeded in this masterpiece— 
the kingdom of secretism. Everywhere 
I go in evangelistic work I am compelled 
to confront and deal with the doctrine of 
salvation by works— the lodge heresy. 
Ministers of Satan leading the people of 
God into the error, and steeling the un- 
f ** godly against the true gospel of the Son 
of God. This heresy has to be dealt with 
in no uncertain and timid way, if ever 
souls are to be genuinely saved, and so 
I have to realize that what the old Bap- 
tist preacher said is true, that "There are 
two fights to one faith," and that in or- 
der to get blessing to fall on souls, and 
sinners saved I must clear the lodge rub- 
bish out of the way. And the Lord does 
help me wonderfully. Bless His name ! 
I wish you would send me a lot of good 
anti-lodge tracts, if you can. I am 
preaching here without salary or promise 
of a cent of contribution, but Phil. 4:19 
is still true and the Master will see to it 
that I get on, Hallelujah ! 

I inclose you a bit of history that may 
be utilized in the columns of the Cyno- 
sure. That Santa Ana was saved in vir- 
tue of his being a Freemason, was news 
to me ; but it is in keeping with the whole 
infernal system, for murderers and 
scoundrels of the worst type are immune 
from punishment if only they can give 
the "grand hailing sign of distress." God 
help this poor old crazy world, it is going 
rapidly to destruction. Yours, a Pilgrim 
in the Wilderness, 

J. E. Wolfe. 
P. S. — There is one place where the 
grand hailing sign of distress will be of 
no avail — can not be heeded — and that is 


I rejoice in every good work done and 
everv step of advance made by the N. C. 
A. It was encouraging to read the re- 
port of the recent annual meeting. The 
interest manifested, the encouraging re- 
ports, the inspiring addresses, the spirit 
of purpose and determination in the res- 
olutions, the manly courage and good 
will of the members, the Christian fidelity, 
the evident dependence upon God and 

faith in Him, all demonstrate confidence 
in the justness and vast importance of the 
cause, and that victory will be the ulti- 
mate outcome of the heroic endurance 
and effort of the workers, and continued 
agitation which are indispensable to suc- 
cess in every undertaking for righteous- 
ness, reformation and salvation. Yes, 
and not only future triumph the hope, 
but present achievement is crowning the 
toils of the self-denying and faithful who 
labor on for Christ and their fellowmen. 
Would that I could have been with you 
and enjoyed the richness and sweetness 
of the feast. (Rev.) D. B. Gunn. 


Opposing any power, in the wisest 
way, that is as dangerous as secret so- 
cieties are, calls for the efforts of the 
most noble and patriotic to give to our 
beloved countrymen light on the lodge 
question. This is as much a duty that we 
owe to our country, our God, and pos- 
terity as it is tell the truth on any other 
subject. The truth in love has the ap- 
probation of God and he will care for 
and water the good seed thus sown until 
it grows and bears fruit that will bless 
our country and the world. 

Cvrus Smith. 

"Every day is a fresh beginning, 

Every morn is the world made new. 

Ye who are weary of sorrow and sin- 
Here is a beautiful hope for you.'' 

§bhz an) €ttte. 

"Ma faither's a soger," said a little 
Scotch lassie. 

"An' ma farther, too," said her play- 

"Ah, but ma faither's a brave men. 
He's been in war, an' he's got a hale 
gang o' medals. An' he's gat the Vic- 
toria Cross. The queen pinned it on him 
wi' her ain hand," breathlessly an- 
nounced lassie number one. 

"An' ma faither's braverer," cried the 
other one. "He's been in dozzen o' wars, 
an' he's got gangs and gangs o' medals 



September. 1900. 

an' Victoria Crosses. An' he's got a 
bonnie wudden leg, an'/' with a trium- 
phant shriek, "the queen nailed it on wi' 
her ain hand." — Selected. 

The sight of a row of forceps has closed 
the mouths of many sufferers, even after 
they have seated themselves in the den- 
tist's chair. Dental surgeons anticipate 
this, and the following amusing instance 
of how an obstinate Irishman was made 
to show his teeth may not be amiss. Pat 
came to the dentist's with his jaw very 
much swollen from a tooth he desired to 
have pulled. But when the .suffering 
son of Erin got into the dentist's chair 
and saw the gleaming pair of forceps ap- 
proaching his face, he positively refused 
to open his mouth. The dentist quietly 
told his page boy to prick his patient with 
a pin, and when Pat opened his mouth to 
yell, the dentist seized the tooth and out 
it came. "It didn't hurt as much as you 
expected it would, did it?" the dentist 
asked, smiling. "Well, no," replied Pat, 
hesitatingly, as if doubting the truthful- 
ness of his admission. "But," he added, 
placing his hand on the spot where the 
boy pricked him with the pin, "begorra, 
little did I think the roots would reach 
down like that." 

"I suppose your daughter acquired a 
great deal of manner from her foreign ex- 
periences?" "Oh, no; she lost all her 
manners, and brought home a lot of 

Peacemaker — "I wouldn't fight, my 
good men." 

First Combatant — "He called me a 
thief, sir." 

Second . Combatant — "And he called 
me a lazy loafer." 

Peacemaker — "Well I wouldn't fight 
over a difference of opinion. You both 
may be right." — Tid-Bits. 

Mrs. Youngwife — "I want to get some 

Dealer — "Yes, ma'am. How many 
heads ?" 

Mrs, Youngwife — "Oh, goodness, I 
thought you took the heads off. I just 
want plain chicken salad." — Catholic 
Standard and Times. 

"What do you do for a living?'' asked 
a lawyer, frowning horribly at a hatchet- 
faced young man who was undergoing 

cross-examination. "I, sir," answered 
the witness, hastily diving into his side 
pocket, "am the agent for Dr. Korker's 
celebrated Corn and Bunion Destroyer. 
Greatest remedy of the age ; used by ail 
the crowned heads of Europe ; never 
known to fail to remove the most obstin- 
ate corn in less than twenty-four hours or 

money cheerfully refund " Here the 

court interfered. 

The situation in China does not mend. 
On the contrary, it is possible that it will 
grow much worse before it gets better. 
Were China a nation in which the gov- 
ernment had authority, more might be 
hoped for. But China is governed in a 
clannish manner. Secret societies thrive 
in the kingdom, and the tie that binds the 
members is iron-clad. It includes senti- 
ment, politics and such religion as the 
Chinaman possesses. Chinese morality 
is elastic. To kill is an offense that is not 
met with the same grave penalty inflicted 
in civilization. — Pittsburg Times. 


Good Templars Hold a Farewell Banquet. 

The members of Reading Lodge, No. 335, 
Good Templars, recently disbanded, held a 
farewell banquet at the Staufer Hall dining 
rooms. The following menu was partaken of: 
Raw oysters, baked ham, celery, olives, fried 
oysters, Saratoga chips, pickles, cocoa, cake, 
coffee. After the covers were removed, short 
addresses were made by Revs. W. J. Scheif- 
ley, William Rhoda, M. J. Hoffman, Ebb N. 
Zell, Andrew Shaaber and Miss Mary Clark, 
of Philadelphia. William Ribble sang several 
solos. The committee in charge were M. J. 
Hoffman, Miss Lilla Snyder and Harry G. 
Myers. The lodge was organized May 21, 
1867, and was at one time in a flourishing 
condition.— Reading Eagle, Reading, Pa. 


Faculty at Northwestern University De 

cides Against Sophomore Society After 

Secret Investigation. 

The faculty of Northwestern Univer- 
sity has formally decided to force Theta 
Nu Epsilon, the sophomore fraternity, 
out of the College of Liberal Arts at that 
institution. This step was taken after a 

September, 1900. 



secret investigation through which the 
faculty found the fraternity guilty of us- 
ing intoxicating liquor at its last initia- 
tion, of conducting- its rites on Sunday, 
and of marking the walls and walks of 
the college with its symbols. 

Yesterday morning students at the uni- 
versity were surprised to see the follow- 
ing notice on the bulletin board : 

The faculty of Northwestern Univer- 
sity has adopted the following resolu- 
tion : 

"The faculty, having become convinced 
that the Theta Nu Epsilon fraternity is an 
organization which should not be contin- 
ued in existence, announces its intention 
of not recommending for a degree any 
person who hereafter becomes a member 
of aforesaid fraternity. 

"Henry Wade Rogers." 
— From Chicago Tribune, June i, 1900. 



The number of bankrupt lodges, that 
often claim to be a satisfactory substitute 
for the church, is rapidly increasing. Re- 
cently the Odd Fellows' Benevolent As- 
sociation of this city failed, and now the 
"Independent Order of Foresters," of 
Illinois, has been the latest to follow suit 
in the long list of late lodge bankruptcies. 
On the 29th of January the order lost a 
suit before a Chicago court, which the 
widow of a deceased member had brought 
to obtain the insurance of $1,000 on her 
husband's life. Now it happened that 
there were fifty other widows, who each 
wanted $1,000, while there were only $3,- 
000 in the treasury. It is the old story : 
at the time of its highest prosperity the 
order had 22,000 members ; then the old- 
er ones began to die, and in order to pay 
their insurance policies higher assess- 
ments had to be levied ; then living mem- 
bers began to leave, unwilling to pay the 
ever-increasing assessments, so that, 
when the crash came, only 3,000 were 
left. — Lutheran Standard, April 7, 1900. 

The church membership of the Luther- 
ans in the United States is given in The 
Independent as 1,591,780. 

Every tree is known by the fruit it 
bears. This rule being correct, we are 
justified in noticing the fruits of Liberal- 
ism. Fruit number one : building halls 
and sustaining K. of P. and Odd Fellow- 
lodges, with initiations almost weekly, 
where once the church held sway. Fruit 
number two : certain -new members not 
changed in morals. An instance: on a 
quarterly occasion business could not be 
attended" to for the tumult in the hallway 
of the church led on by young men and 
women, admitted to membership not 
more than thirty days before on the pro- 
fession of faith. Fruit number three: 
just as many dances, euchre parties, 
neckties as before the so-called revival. 
Profanity and traffic on the Sabbath not 
abated in the least. Fruit number four : 
total abstainers, township prohibition, 
opposed by word and vote just as stoutly 
as ever. Is not this a clear case of the 
blind leading the blind? The ditch must 
be near.— Rev. G. C. Warvel, in the 
Christian Conservator. 


The most feasible plan to stop the sale 
of liquor is to give it away. 

That harmony does not prevail in Arc- 
turns Chapter, No. 61, Order of the East- 
ern Star, was revealed yesterday in a suit 
brought by Mrs. Mary Jones of No. 155 
East Eighty-fifth street, former Worthy 
Matron of the Order, against Julius 
Boehm for $2,000 for alleged slander. 
Boehm is manager of the Manhattan 
division of the Equitable Life Assurance 
Society and an honorarv member of the 
chapter. Mrs. Boehm' is the present 
Worthy Matron of the chapter. The Or- 
der of the Eastern Star is composed of 
Free and Accepted Masons of this State 
and their wives, sisters, daughters, wid- 
ows and mothers. 

This unpleasantness arose during an 
official visit of the Grand Matron of the 
order to the local chapter on the evening 
of March 15. 6 

"On said evening," Airs. Tones de- 
clares in her affidavit, "the said Boehm 
family, or the various members thereof 
(and when I affirm in regard to the 
Boehm family, I do so upon mv personal 
knowledge of the fact that they, the said 



September, 1900. 

Boehm family, pride themselves on 'run- 
ning' the said Arcturus Chapter), pre- 
pared a certain vaudeville performance. 

When the Grand Matron was requested 
to step down from her position on the 
platform to make way for the variety 
show, Airs. Jones says she protested. 
She further declares that several of the 
soubrettes awaited their time to appear 
in the ante-room, and while thus engaged 
the defendant procured two bottles of 
whiskey, which he "distributed amongst 
the various artists." 

"I remonstrated emphatically and pro-, 
tested against such conduct to the de- 
fendant, and I was told by the defendant 

that he did not care a for me. 'We 

(referring to himself and family) are run- 
ning this thing and we don't care a 

whether you or anybody else likes it.' ' : 

Mrs. Jones continues that when one of 
the women performers was introduced 
"the said defendant turned around in the 
direction where I sat with other persons 
and he remarked, 'She (referring to the 
said artist just introduced) will do all 
right. I have just filled her up with four 
whiskeys/ "— N. Y. World, April 26, 


Jamestown, N. Y., July 15.— Roy 
Terry lies in the city hospital in a precari- 
ous condition, the result of being initiated 
into Jamestown Tent, No. 9, Knights of 
the Maccabees. Owing to the secrecy of 
lodge initiations, it is difficult to describe 
the details. 

It appears that among the "extras" 
given to candidates in this and other 
lodges is that of swinging him in midair. 
After pinioning his arms to the sides and 
blindfolding him, a heavy belt is strapped 
around him, in which a ring, is attached at 
the back. Into this ring a hook is placed, 
and tackle attached to the ceiling of the 
lodge room suddenly jerks the candidate 
into space. He is whirled rapidly around 
for the amusement of the spectators. 

In this case the hook in the ceiling 
gave way, and Mr. Terry fell from near 
the ceiling to the floor. He was uncon- 
scious for a short time. The blood spurt- 

ed from his mouth and nose. He felt bet- 
ter the next morning and worked for sev- 
eral days. 

Feeling worse, he went to Drs. Phil- 
lips and Blanchard, who directed him to 
go to the hospital. He did so on Mon- 
day, and has been there ever since, stead- 
ily growing worse. The matter has been 
placed in the hands of an attorney, and an 
action for damages will be begun. — Spe- 
cial to the Press. 

Where To Locate ? 


and Nashville 

the Great Central Southern Trunkline 




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and Money Lenders 

will find the greatest chances in the United States to 
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Free sites, financial assistance and freedom from taxa- 
tion, for the manufacturer. 

Land and farms at $1.00 per acre and upward, and 
500,000 acres in West Florida that can be taken gratis 
under U. S. Homestead laws. 

Stockraising in the Gulf Coast District will make enor- 
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Half fare excursions the first and third Tuesdays of 
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Let us know what you want, and we will tell you where 
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Printed matter, maps and all information free. 

Address, R. J. WEMYSS, 

General Immigration and Industrial Agent, 

Mention this paper. 



Revised OduWellowship Illustra- 
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The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
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quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
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This ritual corresponds exactly with the " Charge 
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Revised Rebekah Ritual (IIlus= 

Revised and Amended Official "Ritual for 
Rebekah Lodges, published by the Sovereign 
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"Ceremonies of Instituting Rebekah Lodges 
and Installation of Officers of Rebekah 
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Odd-fellowship Judged by its own 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
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Rev. J. H. Brockman. Cloth, 50c; pa- 
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This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus- 
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Good Templarisnr Illustrated. 25c. 

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the lodge, temple and council. 

Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
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An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
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Look to the East. A ritual of the 
h/st three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
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Notwithstanding the high price this book is 
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Scotch Rite Masonry^ Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entir: 
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from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de 
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are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
jrd to 18th inclusive. 

Vol. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
luclusive, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass- 
vntfls frnm tv to 33rd ^^gree inrlusW* 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor of Evangelical Lutheran 
church, ioc. tach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
all forms and. the duty to disfellowship Odd-fel- 
lows, Freemasons, Knights of Pythias and Gran- 
gers, is clearly shown by their confessed character 
as found in their own publications. 

The New York Tribune 

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The National Christian Association, having 
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ON FREEMASONR Y. ritual of the first three defirees of Freemasonry. 

Duncan's Masonic Ritual and 

Monitor. Cloth, $2.50. 

Profusely illustrated with explanatory engrav- 
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Arch. Though extensively used as an Instruction 
Book and one of the best in the market, it is not 
as accurate as V Freemasonry * rlustrated." 

iBcce OrientL Pocket size, full 

roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the First 
Three Masonic Degrees in Cypher, with complete 
Floor Charts of Initiating, Passing and Raising a 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. 

William Morgan. 1 10 pages, paper, 25c, 
The genuine old Morgan book republished. 

Hand-Book of Freemasonry. 274 

pages, flexible cloth, 50c. 
By E. Ronayne, Past Master of Keystone Lodge 
No. 639. Chicago. Gives the complete standard 
1 of the first three degrees of Fre 

Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper, 40c. 
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'affidavits of Jacob O. Does burg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon of the Blue Lodge and 
chapter consisting of seven degrees. Profuse!* 

Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. 

20c. each. 

A full and complete illustrated ritual of the five 
degrees of Female Freemasonry, by Thomas Lowe. 

AHyn's Ritual of Freemasonry. 

By Avery Allyn. Cloth, $5.00. 

Contains the fully Illustrated Ritual of the Blue 
Lodge, Chapter Council and Commandery, u of 
the Scotch Rite Degrees, several Masonic side 
degrees and what is termed a Ke" to the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and the Orange Societies". 

Cabala. Pocket size, full ro?n, 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
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Giving: the degrees of Mark Master, Past Master, 
M««* "frxr-'Uept Master smd Roval Arch 

Council of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

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Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 
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size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

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Cnight Templar and Knight ot Malta, nth to 13th 

Knight Templarisn Illustrated. 

341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
A full illustrated rit".al of the six degrees ol 
Jhe Council and Commandery. 

Light on Freemasonry. 

By Elder D. Bernard. To which is ap- 
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Odd Fellowship (old work), by a Member 
of the Craft." The whole containing over 
five hundred pages, lately revised and re- 
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Light on Freemasonry, 416 pages, 75 cents 
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I Polar Might, 
% a Serv'st 

"We declare our belief that the fra- 
ternal insurance lodges of our time are 
objectionable for the following reasons: 
(a) They usually have connected with 
their ritual some religious exercises 
which lead godless men to believe that 
they can live in sin, die without repent- 
ance, and go to heaven; (<$) like other 
lodges, they unite believers and unbe- 
lievers in close and fraternal relations, 
which is contrary to the word of God; 
(c) as business institutions they are fail- 
ures, as is clearly proved by the court 
records and the financial principles on 
which they are founded. We therefore 
urge all Christians and patriots to antag- 
onize these latest developments of the 
secret society movement, as well as the 
older and more evil organizations." 


National Candidates' Testimony 169 

John G. Woolley and Freemasonry . . 169 

Who Next? 170 

The Secret of Masonry 170 

The Chinese Secret Societies 171 

Red Shirts 172 

Chinese Societies in New York .174 

Patriotic Warning 174 

The Sacredness of the Human Body; the 

Jest of Secret Societies 175-177 

G. A. R. Still a Vital Force .178 

To Exempt Orders from Taxation 179 

Sabbath Desecration 180 

Impressive Contrast 181 

Cryptic Sabbath Breaking 181 

Desires a G. A. R. Sabbath 181 

Masons Tell Anti-Masonic Truth 182: 

Semi-Barbaric Splendor 182 

Catholics Drifting Toward Masonry 182 

Incidental Good Possible .18£ 

Two Dollars and Costs 18a 

Early Texas Masonic History .184 

United Workmen's Supreme Dodge 184 

Table Talk .- 185 

Masonry: What It Does 18T 

The Chinese War— Its Place in Prophecy. 187 

The Lord's Prayer. 188- 

News of Our Work 189-194 

Seceders' Testimonies 194 

Brother Barbarians— Cartoon 195 

Voices from the Lodge 19$ 

Newspapers and Reform 19& 


President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 

Vice President— Rev. H. J. Becker, Dayton, 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

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I. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Herman A. Fischer. P. Moerdyke 
and Peter Sinclair. 



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"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the workl; and io secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ ©f toe National 
Christian Association. 



22i West Madison Street, Chicago. 


Entered at the Postoffiee, Chicago, 111., as second clas 

"But there are good people in the 
lodges." The command to such is plain, 
"Come out from among them." 

"But some things ought to be kept 
secret." Well, keep them secret, then ; 
don't get a patent on them and sell the 
information to whoever will pay for it. 

Will some one ask his lodge minister 
if the sinner's confession in the follow- 
ing lines is not his, when having return- 
ed from his lodge worship or revels, he 
seeks to confess to God? 
"I know the right, approve it, too, 
Condemn the wrong, and yet the wrong 

In Mansfield, Ohio, ministers were 
stripped naked and painted blue by the 
mob, which had the tacit sanction of the 
Masonic Mayor and city officials. And 
the chief offense of these ministers, who 
were so shamefully abused, seems to 
have been their opposition to Ma-Hah- 
Bone, the Masonic deity of these city 
officers. A political society like the Ma- 
sons, which pretends not to be political, 
is to be more dreaded and condemned by 
a free people than the "red shirts" that 
boast their object. 

John G. Wooley, Prohibition Candidate for 

(Editorial Note. — These answers were 
received in response to inquiries from this 
office. Those of our readers who have not 
received a personal reply to their letters of 
inquiry will find in the above the informa- 
tion desired.) 

My Dear Sir : In answer to the forego- 
ing I have to say, that I became a Mason 
and a Knight of Pythias many years ago, 
but have had no connection with any se- 
cret fraternity since I became a Chris- 
tian. Not so much, however, from any 
scruples as because I have been more in- 
terested in more important things, and 
not at all attracted by the associations 
that belong to such societies. Very truly, 
John G. Wooley (per M.). 

Chicago, Aug. 16, 1900. 

Henry B. Metcalf, Prohibition Candidate 
for Vice President. 

Pawtucket, R. I., Aug. 13, 1900. 

My Dear Sir — Your inquiry is wel- 
come and pertinent. 

On principle I have never belonged to 
any secret organization. Very truly 
yours, Henrv B. Metcalf: 

Wra. I. Phillips, Esq. ' 


It was our privilege while at Ararat. 
Pa., recently to dine with Hon. John G. 
Woolley, Prohibition candidate "for the 
Presidency of the United States, in Elder 
J. T. Logan's tent. During the repast 
Mr. Woolley stated that one of our 
preachers had just been asking him if he 
was a Free Mason. His reply was in sub- 



October, 1900. 

stance as follows: "Before I became a 
Christian I was a Free Mason, and I was 
in it for what it was worth. When I be- 
came a Christian I dropped Masonry at 
once with all the rest of my worldliness, 
and have never had anything to do with 
it since." This speaks remarkably well 
for the moral integrity of the man, and is 
a powerful testimony to the unchristian 
character of the institution. — Editorial 
Free Methodist, Sept. 4, 1900. 

The chief desire of the old soldiers in 
coming to annual reunions is to see each 
other. It is a pleasure that not only the 
members of the G. A. R. enjoy, but is 
shared by the majority of the soldiers of 
the war of 1861, who from principle and 
other reasons are opposed to the G. A. R. 
as an organization. These are glad to 
meet their old comrades and pity rather 
than resent the bombastic claims of the 
G. A. R. to all the honors accruing from 
the success of the Civil War. If General 
John A. Logan and other soldier poli- 
ticians had not been seeking some other 
object than the soldiers' good, they would 
have formed an organization that all the 
veterans of the Civil War might have 
conscientiously joined. 

An article copied in the Tyler of Au- 
gust 15, 1899, complains bitterly of the 
use and prevalence of easily read ciphers 
of Masonry, and even printed cipher 
books. It says : "W r e are convinced that 
in spite of all that is done to check it, the 
evil is increasing, and the danger of the 
exposure of the secrets of Masonry is not 
the worst feature of the evil." See the 
Cynosure advertising columns. 


Is there any one left unclaimed by Ma- 
sonry? Next thing they will show the 
apron w r orn by John Quincy Adams 
when Master of a lodge, and print a ser- 
mon by Charles G. Finney extolling Ma- 
sonry to the skies. The American Tyler 
(April 1, '99), is responsible for the asser- 
tion that "The founders of Methodism — 
John and Charles Wesley — were mem- 
bers of the Masonic brotherhood, and so 
far as is known their voices were never 
raised against the principles and work of 
the Institution." 

We commend to The Tyler a more 
careful reading of Wesley's Journal, in 
which his "voice was raised" to a key 
which would surprise the one to whom 
Wesley's opinion of Masonry is so far 
from "known." 


The story is told of a Mason's wife. 
Who plagued him almost out of his life, 
To learn the secret— whatever that be— 
The mystic words of Masonry. 

Why n,ot have the N. C. A. send her a 
catalogue advertising Freemasonry illus- 
trated? It may account for the many 
Masonic purchasers of that work that 
they are getting it for their wives ! And 
why not, since the great Masonic Pub- 
lishing House of Redding & Co., New 
York, not only writes but prints the se- 
crets in cipher, "Ecce Oriente," for the 
Masons. The Masons themselves are ex- 
posing Masonry, why not let their wives 
learn the awful word Mah-Hah-Bone. 

The ties of blood are often very strong be- 
tween some families, but fraternal bonds- 
bring greater advancement to mankind. — 
Loyal Guard. 

That is a remarkable sentence. Of- 
ten very strong between some families, 
is a phrase that furnishes food for 
thought. Fraternal bonds bring greater 
advancement than ties of blood, is a 
statement that may remain blind to the 
uninitiated — and uninsured. We are still 
pondering the whole sentence. What is 
that connection between its two mem- 
bers which is indicated by the word but ? 
Such a sentence impresses the unini- 
tiated mind with its own inability to per- 
ceive the profound mysteries of the se- 
cret philosophy of a hoodwink and a life 
insurance certificate that does not really 
insure in the regular life insurance sense 
of that word. It is a remarkable sen- 
tence in many ways. 

The Colorado Odd Fellow says that the 
Grand Secretary of Nevada, who was also 
Grand Treasurer of the Knights of Pythias, 
is serving a term in the penitentiary for de- 
faulting to the tune of several thousand dol- 
lars. He was an Odd Fellow for revenue. 

<> M '*- 

October, 1900. 




It may be interesting to glance at some 
typical Highbinders and leaders in the 
various Chinese societies who are now 
in the hands of the law. The faces pre- 
sent an interesting physiological study. 
Their histories may be briefly told in the 
following, taken, by the courtesy of Chief 
Crowley, of San Francisco, from the rec- 
ords of his department: 

No. i. Leong Yuen Gun, blackmailer 
and fighter, belonging to the Wah Ting 
Shan Fung Society. He is serving a ten 
years' service in the State prison, for 
shooting Jare Hoy, on Dupont street. 

No. 2. Wong Fun Kim, member of 
the Che Kung Tong, a murderer and kid- 
naper. He was sent to the State prison 
from Humboldt County for manslaugh- 
ter, and from this city for stealing a Chi- 
nese woman. 

No. 3. Lee Sam was arrested and 
charged with throwing vitriol into the 
eyes of Fong Lin, an inmate of a house 
on Sulivan Alley. He is a prominent 
member of the Che Kung Tong Society, 
and is known to the police as a very des- 
perate character. — Californian Illu- 
strated Magazine. 


We shall hear more about the Boxers. At 
the present writing we could not possibly 
know less. Until a few months ago, when 
these wild sectaries swept down upon the 
capital over the bleak plains of northern 
China, not a word had been printed in the 
empire in regard to a movement which was 
spreading over the provinces like wildfire. It 
is, perhaps, not an exaggeration to say that- 
within a month as many as 4,000,000 active 
members were enrolled. Right here it should 
be remembered that the Chinese have the 
specialty of secret societies. To conspire in 
secret comes as naturally to them as to ven- 
tilate his grievances in a town meeting to 
the Anglo Saxon. The Triad society, which 
was founded many hundred years ago to 

bring about the overthrow of the Manchu in- 
vaders and restore the Mings, still exists and 
is probably more widespread through China 
than even the Boxers as yet; and there are 
hundreds and thousands of other societies, 
more or less secret, which have millions and 
millions of members, who do not seem to 
lose interest in the propaganda which they 
are engaged upon even when, as in the case 
of the Triad, nothing active is attempted in 
hundreds of years. Every Chinaman be- 
longs to a number of these societies, some of 
which are criminal, like the High-binders, of 
whom the San Francisco police know some- 
thing: but generally they are benevolent and 
exist for the purpose of mutual assistance in 
sickness or in death. In a society honey- 
combed in this wise, it is not difficult to un- 
derstand the rapidity with which the Boxer 
movement has spread. Lodges of the old 



October, 1900. 

societies often joined the new one as a unit 
and adherents were recruited by tens of 
thousands in a day. — From "The Chinese 
Revolution."' by Stephen Bonsai, in the 
American Monthly Review of Reviews. 

Editorial Comment by Editor Wesley- 
an Methodist : 

"We wish to single out a few of the points 
which seem important in this quotation: 1. 
It is argued that the prevalence of secret so 
cieties in China has made it possible for one 
society to extend its membership by the tens 
of thousands in a day. Is it not to be expect- 
ed that the prevalence of secret societies in 
any other country may have the same effect? 
2. It is admitted that some of the secret so- 
cieties are bad, and claimed that some of 
them had a good object in view, but both 
the good and the bad open the way for re- 
cruits to one bad society by tens of thousands 
in a day. Is there any reason to hope that 
similar results might not be expected in 
some other country? 3. The societies are 
recognized as being used for the spread of 
conspiracies against both the government and 
against foreigners whose presence was tol- 
erated by the government. What ground is 
to be found for any hope that similar socie- 
ties may not be similarly used in this or any 
other country? 4. The spread of the Boxers 
has been so rapid that no adequate prepara- 
tion could be made for resisting their deadly 
work. Is there not reason to fear that a sim- 
ilar rapid spread of a bad society might be 
made possible in this country where there 
are often as high as a thousand different se- 
cret societies in a city, and thirty-nine even 
in a village of five thousand inhabitants? 5. 
If secret societies constitute a subject for 
study now in China would it not be wise for 
American citizens to study the same subject 
before some order like the Boxers appears?" 

In the above article by Stephen Bon- 
sal, late appointee by the U. S, Govern- 
ment to diplomatic service in China, he 
says, "to conspire in secret comes as nat- 
urally to them (Chinese) as to ventilate 
his grievances in a town meeting to an 

The Town Meeting of our New En- 
gland fathers does not now exist in the 
United States. We now have partisan 
leaders, trained in the secret lodge, and 
whose secret ukase controls the party 
caucuses, so that he who wishes to "ven- 
tilate his grievance" is unable to do so — 
he can only vote the edict of the party 

The duty of freemen is both to speak 

and vote a protest to such a state of 
things; such protest will be as salt to 
prevent decay and disintegration. If 
there is no protest to the secret lodge and 
its methods which have killed the town 
meeting, the loss of our liberties will be 
certain, and the decline of our country 
will be rapid. 


A party of men to whom have been given 
the name of "Red Shirts," and who appear to 
be an offsping of the famous Klu Klux Klan 
of war times, have been taking a very vio- 
lent part in the political affairs of North 
Carolina during the campaign which has 
ended this past week. The party seems to 
have had its origin in South Carolina, and it 
is only recently that it has spread into the 
sister State. The occasion of the appear- 
ance of the "red shirts" has been the election 
of State officers and also the vote upon a con- 
stitutional amendment. For the last term of 
years the Republicans have held the power, 
but there is a very earnest desire on the part 
of the Democrats to prevent the re-election 
of Senator Butler, and in order to do that the 
Legislature must be gained for that party. 
The amendment to the constitution is one 
that will restrict the right to vote. The ma- 
chinery which it would put in force is said 
to resemble that of the Goebel law, which 
has been such a scandal in Kentucky, and also 
that it will practically disfranchise all the 
negroes. To accomplish these two things, 
the election of State legislators and the pas- 
sage of the amendment, has been the object 
of the "red shirt" party. The methods of the 
party have been those of violence. The 
speakers who opposed their desires were 
driven from their places and in many cases 
mistreated. The negroes were terrified so 
that they should not present themselves at 
the polls. It is impossible to determiune how 
much of an effect this lawless element had 
upon the final result, but the victory for the 
Democrats was complete. They made a 
sweep of all the offices, and the amendment 
to the constittuion was carried by a ma- 
jority of 30,000.— United Presbyterian, Aug. 
9, 1900. 

How does such an organization in the 
United States difTer from the Boxers of 
China? The multiplication of such so- 
cieties is certainly changing the charac- 
ter of our people. Witness the awful 
mob violence recently in New York City, 
Akron, Ohio, Gilman, 111., and Mans- 
field, Ohio. 

October, 1900. CHRISTIAN CYNOSURE. 173 

440, Jj£*" ;^^ 




The names of the six principal Tongs (secret societies) in New York City, written in Chinese 
with English translations. 

New York World. 



October. 1900. 


A Chinese empire exists in New York 
just as truly as in Asia. Its ruler is the 
Mayor of Chinatown, who derives his 
power from the six secret societies of the 

Membership in one of these societies 
is compulsory on every Chinaman in 
Xew York and environment. Though 
they are a unit in action when the general 
interest of the quarter demands it, they 
are in other respects pitted against one 
another in deadly enmity. Half the ar- 
rests, suicides and murders of Chinatown 
are the result of fraternity hatred. 

The names of these societies signify 
anything but the sinister attitude assum- 
ed by them. The On Leong Tong means 
"kindness." The Hep Sing Tong means 
"joined together." The Dong Cheong 
Tong is significant of the beatific union 
of the family of Lee, and Muck Cheng 
Tong indicates the same thing for the de- 
scendants of Low, Ouong, Cheong and 
Chu. Those Chinamen who were born 
and bred in what is known as the Hok 
district, near Canton, belong to the Hok 
Yep Kong Sho. The characters which 
hang on a banner over the Mayor's chair 
in the Chinese court-room — Sho Kong 
Wah Cheong, the strongest and most in- 
fluential society in the quarter — are ex- 
pressive of angelic good will. 

Each society has its "boss," whose 
commands admit of no question. The 
forces of two fraternities are often op- 
posed in a game which has the life or 
death of a Chinaman for its issue. Courts 
are tabooed and the craft of the Oriental 
is given full play. 

Sometimes the issue in either case is 
concealed ; again it becomes so grue- 
somely public that the whole city shivers 
at the sight. It is then that the world at 
large becomes awakened to the evil of 
highbindery. — New York World. 


(From Wesleyan Methodist, Aug. 1, 1900.) 
"The Boxers are believed to be an off- 
shoot from the Triads, whose ramifica- 
tions are widespread throughout the 
southern provinces of China. The or- 
ganization is distinctly anti-foreign and 

anti-Manchus ; and numbers of Canton 
troops are enrolled in its ranks." Now 
just change the name to that of any of 
the score or more of strong societies in 
this country, bring on a revolution, and 
anti-foreign sentiment, and anti-Republi- 
can or an anti-Democratic sentiment, and 
say that numbers of the federal troops 
are enrolled in one or more of these so- 
cieties, and the President also, and is 
there not at the least a similar condition 
as that existing in China ? Impossible ! 
Not one whit more impossible than a 
thousand other evil things which have 
come to pass even against the supposed 
trend of the times ; not more impossible 
than the present crisis in China was sup- 
posed to be a year ago. Dr. Buckley 
says in the New York Christian Advo- 
cate that a few years ago he found Bish- 
op Fowler traveling in the Orient and 
that the Bishop was fully convinced that 
the very condition now existing was 
pending, but that he did not accept the 
Bishop's idea, and that newspapers and 
politicians here and elsewhere ridiculed 
the idea. But our President and soldiers 
and secret society men are patriots. Un- 
doubtedly the same claim with the same 
reasons back of it could be made for the 
members of the Boxer and Triad organi- 
zations. Who knows but that God is 
bringing the secret society evil to public 
view in a manner which will show its in- 
herent danger? 


Symbolized in 

Price, Postpaid, 30 Cents. 

This booklet seeks to answer the question 
whether there is a System, symbolized in the 
book of Revelation, which includes all 
minor conspiracies against the church of 
Jesus Christ and also what that System is. It 
assumes that Jesus Christ is the head of one 
of the two great Systems in this world, and 
Satan of the other. Address National Chris- 
tian Association, 221 West Madison street, 
Chicago, 111. 

- - ' ■ ■ -~- 

1 ■ ■ ■ 

October, 1900. 



* ft 

The Sacredness of the Human Body 

The Jest of Secret Societies. 




Kalamazoo, Mich., May eo. — Chester 
Jessup, iy years old, is dead as a result of 
his initiation into the Kappa Gamma So- 
ciety of the High School. He was han- 
dled so severely and burned so badly 
with nitrate of silver that when typhoid 
fever set in he could not bear up under it. 

A man named Harris was injured 
while being initiated into the order of the 
Modern Woodmen, at Dubuque, some 
time ago, and has sued the camp for 
damages. The Harris case has been at- 
tracting large crowds to the court house 
at Dubuque. As is remembered Harris 
sued the Modern Woodmen for $10,000 
for injuries received during the initiat- 
ing ceremonies. He claims to have been 
seized by two men as soon as he entered 
the lodge room, roughly handled and 
thrown to the floor in so violent a man- 
ner as to strike his head and elbow. He 
thought nothing of the affair at first, but 
later his arm began to pain him, and his 
physician has since pronounced that 
member so badly injured as to be incur- 
able. He has lost the use of his arm al- 
most entirely, and he is said to be losing 
his memory, caused by extreme pains in 
his head. 


New York, July 14. — Thomas White, 
34 years old, is suffering at the Episcopal 
hospital from triple fracture of the shoul- 
der blade, caused by the accident during 
an initiation at the Pride of America 
Lodge, Foresters of America, Friday 
night at the latter's hall. 

White, with several other men, com- 
pose the degree staff of the order. To 
their work the members of the degree 
staff assume different characters. White 
was the "big injun" and was made up ac- 
cordingly. During the administration of 
the first two degrees everything proceed- 

ed smoothly, but while the third degree, 
which calls for vigorous work, was in 
progress White slipped upon the floor 
and broke his shoulder. 


Crowd Wearing Masks Enter His Room at 
Night and Maltreat Him— Com- 
pelled to Leave College. 

Toledo, Ohio, June 10. — (Special.) — 
H. R. Van Nest, of Jackson, Mich., who 
while a student at Kenyon College is re- 
ported to have been taken from his room 
while sick and hazed unmercifully, has 
written a statement of the affair. 

He says one night a crowd of students 
wearing masks broke into his room, jerk- 
ed him out of bed by his head and shoul- 
ders, clawed his face, placed a gag in his 
mouth, battered his nose until it bled, 
and threw him into his old trouble of 
heart palpitation, winding up by clipping 
his hair all but a crown tuft. He gives 
the names of three students. 

He says his physical condition is such 
that he can never enter college again, his 
money is wasted, and he is in a bad way 
generally. He says President Pierce took 
him to his own room in the morning, 
where he was cared for until able to be 
taken to his home in Jackson. The af- 
fair has caused a great deal of excite- 
ment at Gambier. — Chicago Tribune, 
June 11, 1900. 




Lockjaw following blood poisoning 
caused by a wound from the wad of a 
blank cartridge resulted in the death of 
William N. Green, at Syracuse, yesterday. 
Mr. Green was accidentally shot during 
initiation ceremonies at the local lodge 
of the Foresters of America. — New York 




October, 1900. 


Member Was Roughly Handled and Sues 
for $20,000 Damages. 

(Special to the New York Times.) 
Carrollton, Miss., June 27. — A novel 
suit has been brought in the Circuit 
Court of the First District of Carroll 
County by N. P. Jumper against the Sov- 
ereign Camp of Woodmen of the World 
for $20,000. 

The suit is brought for damages which 
the plaintiff alleges he is entitled to on 
account of personal injuries which were 
inflicted on him while being initiated into 
the order by its local camp at Water Val- 
ley, Miss. 


Basis of au Iowan's Suit Against the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, March 22. — F. S. 
Carlisle of Luverne has sued the Modern 
Woodmen of America in the Federal 
court here for injuries received during 
his initiation. He says he was told to 
stoop over and pick up a mallet. When 
in that position he was struck a terrific 
blow on the hip joint with some instru- 
ment of wood, which had been so ar- 
ranged that a charge of powder or dyna- 
mite was exploded on the instrument 
against him, whereby he was seriously in- 
jured. — Associated Press. 


Sometimes it pays to be a Mason. Mr. 
Coleman, of Jacksonville, Fla., is the gen- 
tleman who got into a controversy with 
a soldier who refused to pay for goods 
purchased, of which gory accounts were 
published in the papers throughout the 
country. A corporal being sent to the 
rescue the offender was chased out of 
Coleman's place at the point of a pistol. 
Then came a captain, who also was driven 
to precipitate retreat on pain of death, 
and after him appeared Major Russell 
Harrison in gold and blue, boldly defiant. 
Coleman, possibly expecting colonels and 
brigadier generals, began shooting at 
random, and the major went up the street 
touching the ground in high places, as we 

have had it in the records. It was a gen- 
eral "cleaning out." Then Coleman was 
to be dreadfully punished by the military 
authorities, but sentence was permanent- 
ly suspended when it was learned that he 
is a thirty-second degree Mason. The 
whole State of Florida arose in rebellion, 
and, some persons declare, threatened to 
secede. — New York Press. 


In Cincinnati a man was probably fatal- 
ly injured during the initiation ceremony 
of a secret society last night, and much 
sorrow is expressed about the unhappy 
accident. The irresponsible person who 
manages to kill or wound his friends at 
secret society initiations seems to be as 
numerous as ever, while his only rival in 
colossal foolishness is the fellow who sets 
off dynamite crackers on the Fourth of 
July. — Chicago Daily News. 


Guthrie, Okla., March 31. — A sen- 
sational damage suit has been filed 
at Kingfisher by James Chapman 
against the grand lodge of Oklahoma and 
Kingfisher local lodge of the Ancient Or- 
der of United Workmen, asking for $40,- 
000 damages for injuries received while 
being initiated as a member of the lodge. 
The petition alleges that "this plaintiff 
was severely bruised and battered and re- 
ceived at the hands of defendants such 
rough and violent treatment that thereby 
the bones of his spine, shoulder and neck 
were fractured, crushed, bruised and dis- 
located, whereby plaintiff was greatly in- 
jured and caused to suffer excruciating 
pains in both mind and body, and be- 
cause thereof was compelled for many 
weeks to lie helpless upon his bed and was 
unable to turn over, raise his head or 
move his body in any way whatever, and 
by reason thereof plaintiff has been per- 
manently injured and has been left with 
a stiff neck, a badly injured spine and his 
brain so injured that he is unable to con- 
centrate his mind upon any subject,, 
which same injury affiant is informed and 
verily believes will continue during plain- 
tiff's natural life to his great damage." 

In describing the manner in which the 

October, 1900. 


injuries complained of were received, the 
petition says the defendants "thereupon 
blindfolded him and strapped his hands 
and arms to his body, and securely tied 
his legs and feet and placed him upon a 
strong canvas about ten feet long by six 
feet wide, kept and provided by said de- 
fendants for this purpose, and with hand 
holds made therein, tossed this plaintiff 
up and down upon said canvas with 
great force and against the will of this 
plaintiff, and carelessly into the air, al- 
lowing him, in this secured and heipless 
condition, to strike upon the hard floor. 
All of which conduct was many times re- 
peated. 1 ' — St. Louis Globe-Democrat. 


The North American, a paper publish- 
ed in Philadelphia, gives a case of a man 
wounded while being initiated into Ana- 
wanda Tribe, No. 320, of the Red Men 
of America. John Mohl, a bartender, who 
lives at No. 310 East One Hundred and 
Twenty-sixth street, has brought suit 
against that organization for $15,000 
damages. Great Sachem Church, of 
Binghamton, and Andrew Murphy, 
treasurer of the tribe, are also made de- 
fendants. In his complaint Mohl says he 
was taken to the tribe's room, at One 
Hundred and Nineteenth street and Third 
avenue, and after being sworn to secrecy 
was tied to the back of a goat, which ca- 
reened about the room. Then he was 
chased about over chairs and other bunk- 
ers and hazards until he was tired and 
sore. Finally he was tied to a pole and 
pistols were fired by the members. Some 
powder made a wound in his leg and he 
was confined to his- room for several 


A student of Columbia University was 
hazed last night in West 125th street. The 
victim wore his shirt outside^ his over- 
coat. He was followed by a crowd of 150 
students who forced him to occasionally 
kneel down and kiss the curbstone. When 
the procession reached a cigar store the 
victim was forced to kiss the wooden In- 

The procession finally went to the drug 

store at 125th street and Eighth avenue 
and there a very hot drink was prepared. 
Before the victim could drink it a police- 
man interfered and was about to arrest 
him when the other students got around 
the bluecoat and hustled him out of the 
store. The victim escaped. — New York 


Charles Wagner, janitor of a building 
on Market street, Newark, where a num- 
ber of lodges meet, does not believe that 
a lodge room is a proper place for Egyp- 
tian dancing, and for that reason, he 
claims, he barreel the members of Prese- 
verance Lodge of Foresters from their 
lodge room on Friday night. 

Perseverance Lodge recently gave a 
"smoker" in the lodge room, at which the 
chief feature was Nautch dancing. There 
was a lively time and some of the furni- 
ture was damaged. 

When the members of the lodge began 
to gather on Friday night, Wagner re- 
fused to permit them to enter the- room. 
He was barricaded on the inside and 
talked to them through the peep hole. He 
refused to back down.— New York [our- 


Oxford, Ohio, March 2^. — Three pret- 
ty girl students of 'The Western, a Col- 
lege for Women." were expelled yester- 
day and ten others suspended as the up- 
shot of a faculty raid on an initiation bv 
a society that was in progress about mid- 

The society had secretly existed in the 
school about seven years, although the 
rules of the college strictly forbid organi- 
zations of that sort. The young women 
involved are from the bes't families oi 
Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, and to-dav 
many parents are here, anxiously bur 
vainly trying to straighten things our. 

Judgment was pronounced in the col- 
lege chapel in the presence of 150 school- 
mates, and when it was made public that 
the penalty was to be expulsion and sus- 
pension the whole school burst into tear- 
ful lamentations. — Chicago Record. 



October, 1900. 



At the National Encampment at Chi- 
cago last month, Commander Shaw said : 
"'The veterans do not rest their arms 
on the achievements of the Civil War. 
They are a vital force in the active in- 
terests of the country to-day.'' 

The meaning of Commander Shaw is 
not very obvious as to what he considers 
the vital force of the Grand Army. In 
all of the Grand Army encampments held 
in the past, including this last one, we 
shall look in vain for any action towards 
freeing the country from any of its many 
foes. It has not a word of condemnation 
of the cursed "canteen law," no voice of 
the Grand Army has been heard in con- 
demnation of the government saloon in 
the Soldiers' Home at Dayton, Ohio, or 
its equivalent in every "soldiers' home" 
throughout the land. A committee of the 
General Assembly of Iowa, investigated 
the conduct of the Soldiers' Home of that 
State. The report stated that the num- 
ber of inmates "in 1897, was 563, and that 
the drug bill for that year amount to 
about $3,600.00. The report continues : 
"It may be that this practice can be ap- 
proved, but the committee is convinced 
that if whiskies are to be purchased to 
such a large extent, and consumed as a 
regular diet, they should not be purchased 
in such small invoices and of such ex- 
pensive brands." 

The lodge question is a more vital re- 
form than ever was that of slavery, and 
while there are many veterans of the 
Civil War standing up bravely for this 
and other reforms, no word is ever heard 
from the G. A. R. as a body on this line 
and it is anything but a vital force in the 
other reforms of to-day. 

Commander Shaw says that they are 
"a vital force in the active interests of the 
country to-day." It seems to us that it is 
true of the G. A. R. in many respects not 
to their credit. Take Sabbath desecration 
as an example. One hundred thousand 
people were said to come into Chicago on 
Sunday, Sept. 26, the day upon which 
the Encampment began its celebration. 
Members of the G. A. R., headed by brass 

bands and followed by a multitude of 
young men, who had come to take in the 
sights of the city, were marching through 
the streets amidst confusion and turmoil 
that was anything but hallowing the 
Lord's day. 

It is not to their credit that they seek to 
monopolize the honors that belong as 
much to the majority for patriotic ser- 
vices as to the G. A. R. — the minority 
of the ex-soldiers of the Civil War. Not 
half of the ex-soldiers of Illinois are mem- 
bers of the G. A. R. In Kansas, with its 
fifty thousand old soldiers, only about 
one in five is a member of the G. A. R. 

The Grand Army has been also a vital 
force in politics, as seen in its self-seek- 
ing pension efforts. The largest appro- 
priation made now by the General Gov- 
ernment, some hundred and forty-five 
millions of dollars, is made for pensions, 
and yet Commander-in-chief Shaw said 
in his address "that the pension matter is 
the most important to the organization 
of any subject to be discussed by the En- 
campment." It has compelled tax-payers 
to build G. A. R. lodges in County Court 
Houses. In Illinois it has brought about 
a law which takes a part of the tax re- 
ceipts out of the hands of town officers, 
to be distributed by private persons — 
members of the G. A. R. Post — and 
among such G. A. R. members as the 
Post shall elect ! Unconstitutional, do 
you say? We are not questioning that, 
but are simply showing that the G. A. R., 
according to Commander Shaw, "is a 
vital force in the active 'interests of the 
country to-day." 

There are many estimable men, mem- 
bers of the G. A. R. lodge, as there are 
in other lodges, who do not realize that 
they are the tools of designing men, and 
hence do not see that they ought to come 
out and stand with the majority of the 
old soldiers of the Civil War, outside of 
this lodge organization. Some of them 
realize that the G. A. R. is a vital force in 
politics, and condemn it. In the July 13th 
number of the New York Herald is an ac- 
count of an effort to purify the Forest 
and Game Commission of that State. 
The scandal seems to center around 
Charles A. Taylor, of Oswego. He 
agreed to resign, but then refused on the 
ground that he was a member of the G. 
A. R. Nathaniel Munger, who appeared 

October, 1900. 



with him, said to the committee "I will 
call a meeting of the Council of Admin- 
istration of the G. A. R. and we will em- 
ploy David B. Hill as counsel, and make 
a campaign issue of this unless Comrade 
Taylor is let alone." It is not a credit to 
the old soldiers to be vital forces in such 
un-Republican movements. It would be 
far better to heed General Grant's ad- 
monition that "all secret political parties 
are dangerous to any nation, no matter 
how pure or how patriotic the motives and 
principles which first bring them to- 


Several years ago the writer, with the pres- 
ent Grand Master Hughes and others, called 
upon the members of the Ohio Legislature 
and urged the passage of an amendment to 
the laws exempting fraternal Homes from 
the burden of taxation then being collected 
for State, county and municipal purposes, as 
it was a tax put upon the contributions of 
the charitable for support of the orphans, 
aged members and indigent widows, and 
which amounted to many hundreds of dollars. 
The injustice of such taxation was apparent 
and the amendment was adopted into law 
without opposition. It is now sought to go 
further, and Judge Bright, of Logan, has in- 
troduced a bill to amend sections 2732-33 of 
the Revised Statutes, which provides for ex- 
emption of the property of certain societies 
from taxation which includes the funds of 
secret societies established for the benefit of 
the aged, and the widows and orphan chil- 
dren of deceased members. His bill, as 
amended, reads as follows: 

"That all property, real or personal, belong- 
ing to or which may hereafter belong to any 
incorporated post of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, or Union Veteran Union, or Grand 
Lodge Free and Accepted Masons, or Grand 
Lodge Independent Order of Odd Fellows, or 
Grand Lodge Knights of Pythias, or incor- 
porated association of ministers of any 
church, which is intended to create a fund or 
is used or intended to be used for the care 
and maintenance of indigent soldiers of the 
late war, indigent members of said organiza- 
tions, and the widows and orphans of the de- 
ceased members of such organizations, such 
property, real or personal, and the interest or 
income therefrom, shall not be deemed taxa- 
ble under any law of this State, and the trus- 
tees of such incorporated organizations above 
named shall not be required to return or list 
the same for taxation." jl 

A moment's consideration will at once show> : 

the injustice of taxing funds contributed and 
to be used exclusively in charity.— Odd Fel- 
lows' Companion. 

Any hospital or home which, by free 
contribution, exempts the State from 
draft upon the proceeds of taxation, may 
in turn ask exemption on the ground that 
thus the tax has been already paid. 

Insurance could make this claim if its 
disbursements were gifts, and if it could 
show that many of its beneficiaries would, 
without its service, require State aid. But 
being mere business, collecting from a 
certain class or group funds disbursed 
again strictly within the same group, it 
does not thus pay a tax to the State as a 

It therefore has no claim for exemp- 
tion on the ground of previous payment. 
There are thus two kinds of institu- 
tions : those which give freely and those 
which return investments or stipulated 
proceeds of investments to patrons. 

The first class gives to the State indi- 
rectly by giving freely to its citizens or 
prospective wards. It thus effects, by 
outside gift, what otherwise must have 
been effected by taxation, and it is rea- 
sonable that it should not be taxed over 
again. It ought not to be taxed by the 
State in a formal way for paying a tax in 
an informal way. 

The second class does business and 
holds trust funds. This class includes 
savings banks, insurance companies and 
all institutions with rated investments or 
collections and rated distributions within 
the circle of their own patrons. Lodges 
fall within this class. They are not givers 
but collectors and distributers. They 
have rate limitations, time limitations, 
stipulated qualifications and exclusive 
conditions. None but patrons share pro- 
ceeds ; and all others are as rigidly ex- 
cluded by a lodge as by an insurance of- 
fice or a bank. Those who do share ben- 
efits are not called upon to thank any one 
for them, for they have an indefeasible 
business claim and only come into pos- 
session of what is their own. They might 
* as well thank a savings bank or an insur- 
: ance company. Nobody has given them 
S anything, for all they get is their own. 
IU If nobody has given them anything di- 
2 rcctly, it follows that no one has indirect- 
fely given through them anything to the 
ffiLState. This business, after other busi- 



October, 1900. 

ness ceases, still keeps them out of the 
need of gifts from any source, including 
the State. It is efficient business as tax- 
able as any other. 

If the lodge system of health or age or 
orphanage insurance finds the Home 
method a cheaper one than the local lodge 
method, or a more convenient one, this 
form does not of itself raise a claim. If 
by a regularly rated business method pa- 
trons secure for themselves benefits 
which the system they manage produces, 
there is in this no claim. 

The Ohio law, as finally amended, adds 
a discrimination against the better and 
more beneficent life insurance, and ex- 
empts assessment insurance in its secret 
form. This did not yet appear in the law 
as above given by the O. F. Companion. 
What mere secrecy does for the State that 
is equivalent to paying taxes, and thus a 
claim for exemption from further taxa- 
tion, it itself a secret — possibly a political 


The more voluntary and spontaneous 
the observance of a weekly rest day be- 
comes, the more truly does it become 
Christian. Tables of stone have had a 
genuine use in the service of man for 
whom the Sabbath was made, but the law 
of Christ written on the tables of the 
heart is even more potent and blessed. To 
consecrate a day chosen with love and de- 
votion ; to set it apart for rest, which, not 
being idleness, does not disturb the re- 
pose of conscience ; to devote it to relaxa- 
tion of weary frames, change of thought 
for worn minds, and free and uninter- 
rupted play of religious aspiration and 
warm devotion for the freed spirit ; this is 
liberty and this is transcendant and spon- 
taneous obedience to the highest law. 

Those who differ in their use of the 
word Sabbath and who disagree respect- 
ing the grounds of rest day observance, 
meet where they find the practical out- 
come. The need of change, and worship 
and rest they all find ; the benefits his- 
torically demonstrated they admit or 

Dr. H. W. Bellows, the eminent Uni- 
tarian preacher of New York City, said : 
"I never knew one man or woman who 
steadily neglected the house of prayer and 

the worship of God on the Lord's day, 
who habitually neglected it, and had a 
theory by which it was neglected, who did 
not come to grief and bring others to 

When Robert Collyer left his Unitarian 
pulpit in Chicago for another in New 
York, his final word in one and initial 
word in the other was : "I was glad when 
they said unto me, let us go into the house, 
of the Lord." 

Many practical applications of the law 
in business are illustrated in the observ- 
ance of the rest day by the Cunard steam- 
ship line. A steamer reaching the dock on 
Saturday would leave its valuable cargo 
undisturbed until Monday morning. 
Among transatlantic lines a leading posi- 
tion has been held by the Cunard. 

If it is true that thoughtful men and 
eminent teachers among those least like- 
ly to be bound by popular prejudice or 
by strict subservance to form and the 
letter of ceremonial law warmly advocate 
the observance of this day ; and that 
countless instances of practical business 
success and advantage can be claimed ; 
while civilization with national prosperity 
and virtue are judged by broad-minded 
students and eminent judges of life and 
events, to accompany the observance of 
a sacred day with striking coincidence ; it 
seems true by consequence that all agen- 
cies and influences hostile to the day are 
also hostile to mankind. If it is for man, 
whatever robs man of it is man's enemy. 

An enumeration of various agencies of 
this unfriendly class is not necessary here. 
It is within our province to inquire 
whether we find among such enemies of 
man any desecrating orders. Trains car- 
rying huge Knight Templar excursions ; 
street parades, with banners and regalia ; 
the blare of brass bands and all forms of 
secret society disturbance, are open to 
question as possible forms of hostility to 
interests important to the welfare of men. 
Secret orders can hardly avoid partaking 
the nature of trusts and conspiracies ; 
they seem to be compelled to take some- 
thing of that character by the very nature 
of their constitution. It is too serious a 
charge to urge hastily or flippantly that, 
in this particular, they may be a conspir- 
acy against the very nature of things and 
the physical and spiritual welfare of hu- 

October, 1900. 



A bill to prohibit Sabbath desecration 
by the secret lodges was recently pre- 
sented and killed in the New Hampshire 
Legislature, and a bill requiring Masonic 
and other secret insurance societies to 
report their financial status shared a sim- 
ilar fate in Connecticut. It is evident 
that the craft have their agents to protect 
their schemes in Legislatures as well as 
in the courts. 


(From the Ct. V. Congregationalist.) 
Quite recently we have had prominent 
specimens of each class in Boston. I re- 
fer to the international convention of 
Christian Endeavor and the twenty-sixth 
triennial conclave of the Knights Tem- 
plar of the United States. Both bodies 
were composed of picked members, who 
may be supposed fairly to represent their 

The one came quietly, honoring the 
Sabbath day and seeking the sanctuaries 
of our holy religion, the companionship 
of the pure, and modestly joined in the 
worship and services of God's house. 
Their presence was a blessing and a 
help to every good cause in our city, and 
when they departed, only pleasant mem- 
ories remained. Even railroad men and 
the police speak of them in highest terms 
of commendation. One saloon only dec- 
orated in honor of their coming, and was 
rewarded with a prayer meeting instead 
of patronage in its nefarious business. 

The Knights Templar arrived very 
largely on the Sabbath day. They 
brought carloads of liquor instead of Bi- 
bles. There was one consignment of 22,- 
000 bottles to the Parker House. I 
counted 148 saloons that welcomed them 
with elaborate decorations, and many 
haunts of social impurity hung out the 
banner, "Welcome to the Sir Templars.'' 
Eminent Grand Commander Samuel C. 
Lawrence, the most noted rum-distiller 
in America, was in command; and from 
early morning until late at night our 
streets resounded with the blare of trum- 
pets and fluttered with all the pageantry 
of mediaeval knighthood. What followed 
was in harmony with the advent of this 
decorated army of pleasure-seekers. 
Most of the pastors were absent at the 
time, but one who chanced to be present, 

in writing to the Xew York Voice, says, 
"It seems as if the whole body was a 
mass of drinking men. Not only men 
imbibed, but numbers of women, old and 
young, shared in the punches and vari- 
ous mixtures. Young men, also, not a 
few, w r ho were not members of the order, 
were allowed to drink until they went 
reeling into the streets. 


"The pilgrimage of the Cryptic Ma- 
sons started Sunday from Kansas City 
for Denver. The special train passed 
through Sterling Sunday evening. The 
lodge was 'opened' in one of the cars and 
'the works' given as the train sped along 
its way. was given the degrees be- 
tween Hutchinson and Sterling, and the 

obligations were administered to 

and while the train stood at the Ster- 
ling depot." 

The foregoing from a local paper 
(names only omitted) is a fair sample of 
Masonic morality, evangelical religion 
being always conspicuously absent, in all 
"works of darkness" of whatever order. 
Sabbath breaking, heathenish mum- 
mery, unlawful oaths, denial of the only 
Mediator in the lodge room, lodge work 
and lodge prayers ; is this the kind of 
thing with which a genuine disciple of 
the Lord Jesus should become identified ? 
— Selected. 


Commander Shaw, of the G. A. R.. in 
his address, favored a change of Memorial 
day from May 30 to the last Sabbath of 
May. He did this because of the decline 
in the observance of Memorial day from 
year to year. Other side shows are 
crowding in and taking the chief atten- 
tion. But, he argues, the sanctity of the 
Sabbath would preserve the day. He 
treats the objection from Christian peo- 
ple to this as a desecration of the Sab- 
bath as too trifling for answer. Evidently 
he has little regard to the real observance 
of the Sabbath as a divine institution. 
The Sabbath is a memorial day of alto- 
gether different character from that to 
which Commander Shaw would devote it. 
It is the Lord's Day to commemorate the 
great works- of God in creation and re- 



October, 1900. 

demption. and as a test of man's loyalty 
to him. "It shall be a sign between me 
and you." Commander Shaw would ob- 
literate that significance and make it a 
sign between the dead soldier and the 
loyal people of the nation. To honor the 
hero dead more than God, is to worship 
other gods and speedily bring clown our 
nation from its present high plain of civ- 
ilization to that of idolators. This propo- 
sition was mooted in Cincinnati some 
years ago, but met little favor. It is 
hoped it will fare no better this year. — 
Editorial, Christian Instructor, Sept. 14, 



The Square and Compass, New Orleans, 
deplores the tendency in certain of its con- 
temporaries to Christianize Freemasonry. 

It believes that religion and Masonry 
should be kept apart to preserve harmony 
among the members, who, outside the craft, 
have religious convictions, wholly divergent. 
—Toronto Free Mason. 

Yes, there are others who figure it out in 
the same way, and therefore we have the 
Godless Lodge of France.— American Tyler. 

Yes, and there are others who figure 
it out the same way, so far as the Chris- 
tian religion is concerned. Therefore, 
we have the lodge of America, and the 
world, admitting that the Bible can be 
kept out of sight, and that the Koran or 
a Pagan book can be the sacred "Book 
of the Law" in a lodge. 

We have also the notion that it is 
enough to avow a belief that some "Su- 
preme Being" exists ; a notion which the 
Tyler itself declares to be "generally 
held" in the order. 

Xo form of infidelity that stops short 
of blank denial of there being some su- 
preme creative existence, stands in the 
way of regular Masonic membership, or 
even chaplaincy. A Jew, a Mohamme- 
dan, a pagan or an infidel, is competent 
to fill the office of chaplain. 

We have received a booklet in Ger- 
man of some seventy-eight pages, "Po- 
sition of the General Conference of the 
Mennonite Church of North America," 
which can be had at Berne, Ind. We rec- 
ommend it especially to our readers who 
read German. No price is given, but I 
presume 25 cents would cover expense. 

"From the time of the unskilled labor 
of the cave-dweller to the master builders 
of India and Egypt, Masonry stood alone 
and lifted man from ignorance and help- 
lessness to a splendor of semi-barbarism, 
such as the world had never seen." — 
Grand Orator Carson, October, 1898. 

The wonderful power of Masonry to 
lift otherwise intelligent and enlightened 
men up to the "splendor of semi-barbar- 
ism" displayed in fuss and feathers, is 
still remarkable. How far it may have 
been from "time" to "builders" is not 
quite clear. 

"At that time the study of symbolism 
began, the schools of philosophy became 

The only "time" cited is that of the sav- 
ages in caves. At that time "Masonry 
stood alone." 

Masonry is symbolic or nothing ; 
hence, of course, at that cave-dwelling 
time the "study of symbolism began," for, 
without symbolism, Masonry could not 
have "stood alone" or in company. Also, 
"at that time," the "schools of philosophy 
were established" in caves. There Ma- 
sonry stood alone, ready for its journey 
toward semi-barbarism. Thank you, Mr. 
G. Orator ; that makes it all clear. 


For more than a century the ban of the 
Roman Catholic church has been set up- 
on Freemasonry. No Catholic can be a 
Mason and remain in fellowship with 
the church. Affiliation with the craft 
means excommunication. Several times 
there have been statements current that, 
owing to the difference in the ethical and 
active principles guiding Continental and 
American Masonry, the bars were to be 
let down here. But these rumors were 
never well founded. 

Now, however, a secret organization, 
planned on Masonic lines, with similar 
distinctive characteristics, is having an 
amazing success among Catholics. It is 
called the Knights of Columbus. There 
are more than twelve thousand members 
in this city alone, most of them having 
joined within the last two years. 

October, 1900. 



In the year 1882 the Rev. M. J. McGiv- 
ney, pastor of the little country church at 
Thomaston, Conn., organized the first 
council of the Knights for the young men 
of his flock. These pioneers never im- 
agined that the society would reach its 
present proportions. They laid down an 
elaborate ritual, after a Masonic pattern, 
eliminating, of course, whatever in it and 
its other constitutional rules had received 
ecclesiastical disapproval. — American 
Tyler, May 15, 1899. 

If the leading Masonic organ credits 
Catholics with having the Masonic ritual 
for a pattern, it follows that this organ 
teaches that to outsiders Masonry can be 


It is a mistake to suppose that our obliga- 
tion extends no further than to our own. I 
know of no such Masonic injunction. It is 
true we are impressively reminded of our 
duty to brethren who need our fraternal aid, 
but just as impressively do some of the most 
important lessons of our secret ceremonies 
and published ritual teach the principle of 
universal benevolence. Masonry is not mere- 
ly to do good to the craft, but to the world- 

We think the above not incorrect, ex- 
cept as it may be exaggerated, and as it 
ignores the outside effect of the clannish 
-and conspiring quality. Many individual 
Masons, holding the above opinion, may- 
be led to do things which they would 
otherwise neglect, and may become more 
thoughtful where otherwise they might 
have been comparatively thoughtless. 
This possible concession does not justify 
Masonry, and does not prove that with- 
out it no one knows how to do good to 
persons in need. There are some very 
good people who are not Masons — we 
are sorry to add, some very bad ones who 

It must not be forgotten in connection 
with this subject that Masonry has some 
of the machinery, methods, spirit and ef- 
fect of a conspiracy. It not only discrim- 
inates in favor of unworthy men who are 
able to make signs, it also, in the same 
act, discriminates against men who can- 
not make signs, whether they are worthy 
men or not. 

In this sense. Masonry is "merely to 
do good to the craft" and not "to the 

world." Where it contravenes law on 
which states and nations depend, turns 
criminals loose, or wrongs the innocent 
or helpless, prevents natural progress 
and improvement in business, govern- 
ment or society ; or in any way depresses 
good and promotes evil, it does not do 
good to the world, however it may seen 
to give advantage to individuals who 
happen to have joined. 

Masonry is the prototype both of the 
trust and the trades union. Its evil ef- 
fects are subject to limitations that pre- 
vent it accomplishing all the harm which 
its construction suggests. Yet Washing- 
ton showed his usual soundness of judg- 
ment when he said in his maturity, of this 
institution into which he entered just as 
he was leaving his boyhood, that it was 
"capable of being used for the worst of 
purposes." Even if we grant that it 
sometimes wins a beggar a crust or a 
shilling, yet if it also makes beggars, it is 
not on the whole a benefactor to the 
world. A trust may enable a man to en- 
dow a professorship in a school, educate 
a boy, contribute to a religious institu- 
tion, but its general effect remains to be 


In Justice Hun's court, the 6th of this 
month, George Burk was fined $2 and costs 
for wearing an Odd Fellow's pin, although 
not a member of the Order, or at least could 
not furnish satisfactory evidence to the 
court that he was entitled to wear the same. 
Burk has been for some time soliciting for a 
hotel on Market street, and a great many 
complaints were brought to the attention of 
Enterprise Lodge, No. 85, as to the peculiar 
work being done by this hotel runner, the 
complaints being made by Odd Fellows. A 
committee was appointed by the lodge, which 
resulted in Burk being arrested, and after 
several witnesses had been examined the 
court fined the defendant $2 and costs. Ev- 
ery secret society in Denver was interested 
in the trial and the outcome was anxiously 
awaited, the result of which will no doubt 
do away with the wearing of society badges 
by those not entitled to wear them. Enter- 
prise Lodge, and its committee, headed by 
W. A. Bryne, is to be congratulated on the 
successful termination of the suit. Impos- 
tors will do well to steer clear of No. So. It 
is an easy thing to become possessed of an 
Odd Fellow's pin, but it may prove a hard 
matter to get rid of it. The State law is very 



October, 1900. 

strict in matters of this kind.— Colorado Odd 

In Ohio it is a crime to wear the pin or 
jewel of any order of which the wearer is not 
a member. There are many "frauds" wear- 
ing emblems to which they have no right, 
and a few prosecutions of such fellows would 
be healthful.— Odd Fellows' Companion, Oc- 
tober. 1S98. 

All that is necessary, however, is to 
get half a dozen to hire a room with you, 
meet once a quarter, or once a year, form 
an ancient order with illustrious officers, 
agree on a manner of hand-shaking, a 
word of recognition, smoke and drink to- 
gether, assess dues and arrange two or 
three similar matters, and you can wear 
the Square and Compass, the Cross of 
Malta, or anything not patented or copy- 
righted, as the jewelry of your order. 
Such things are criss-crossed most con- 

might be a case where a guilty one could 
likewise prevent the operation of law. 


Brother John Gillespy's Life Saved in Mexico 
Through Masonry. 

The following is furnished by Bro. Rufua 
Price, of San Augustine, Texas: 

McFarland Lodge, No. 41, was founded by 
Bro. John Gillespy, a native of Ireland. That 
he was a zealous Mason will not be surpris- 
ing when we consider an episode in his life. 
Happening in Mexico, he either incurred the 
displeasure or excited the cupidity of the 
government, and was in consequence arrest- 
ed and thrown into prison. After having 
been confined for some time, he was tried and 
condemned to die. Although Bro. Gillespy 
was a Mason, yet from the day of his arrest 
to the hour of his intended execution, it 
never occurred to him to make himself 
known as such. But at the very moment 
when the sentence of death was about to be 
executed on him, while kneeling blind-fold- 
ed at the head of his intended grave, in the 
significant manner peculiar to the fraternity, 
he proclaimed himself to be a Mason. In- 
stantly the scene changes, the execution is 
stayed, Bro. Gillespy is released, and the 
officer in charge supplies him with a purse 
of thirty dollars and assists him out of the 
country.— Texas Freemason, June, 1899. 

This reminds us of Washington's re- 
mark that Masonry could be used "for 
the best or the worst of purposes." 
Whether in this case an innocent man 
was rescued seems uncertain, but there 


The opening session of the Supreme Lodge, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, was held 
at Indianapolis Tuesday. Supreme Master 
Workman Sessions of Sioux Falls, S. D., 
read his report. He reviewed the work of 
the organization the past year and recom- 
mended that on and after Aug. 1 no person 
be admitted to the order as a beneficiary 
member whose occupation is extra hazard- 
ous.— Springfield, Mass., Republican, June 16, 

This is one of the associations called 
"fraternal," and its ostensible purpose is 
"benefit" or "charity." The genuinely 
fraternal disposition would be to provide 
most carefully for those whose danger 
was greatest. Lodge "fraternity," so far 
as Workmen "benefits" go, is dried up 
toward such brothers. 

This looks like business on the joint 
partnership plan ; and it is what it looks 

How it would sound to advertise the 
"fraternal" Mutual Life Ins. Co. of New 
York ; or to speak of the "brethren" of 
the Equitable Ins. Co., or to announce 
the "charities" of the Connecticut Mu- 
tual or the Northwestern. 

"Mount of Blessings," Cincinnati, 
Ohio, is the site of a beautiful location 
recently obtained, at corner Ringgold 
and Young streets, at Mt. Auburn, over- 
looking the city and only a few minutes' 
ride from the postoffice and the depots, 
by Rev. M. W. Knapp, editor of the Re- 
vivalist, for a Bible School and Mission- 
ary Training Home. This will be the 
headquarters of it and the revivalist 
work. First term of the school opens 
September 27th. 

"While the order is benevolent in its 
operation, yet it differs from other benev- 
olent societies in having no pecuniary 
benefits. We should not, therefore, let 
the commendable success of mutual pe- 
cuniary benefit societies weaken our faith 
in the usefulness of our order." — Voice 
of Masonry. 

Yet some members say that they have 
not found it useful. 

October, 1900. 



table Mi 


"John," said a poverty-stricken man 
to his son, "I have made my will to- 

"Ah, you were liberal to me no doubt?" 
"Yes, John, I've come down hand- 
somely. I've willed you the whole State 
of Virginia to make a living in, with the 
privilege of going elsewhere if you can 
do better." 


Admit no guest into your soul that the 
faithful watch dog in your bosom barks 

No person ever got stung by hornets 
who kept away from where they were. 
It is so with habits. 

Value the friendship of him who 
stands bv you in a storm ; swarms of in- 
sects will surround vou in the sunshine. 


Here is the "philosophy" of perpetual 
motion as solved by an up-to-date phi- 
losopher : 

Rags make paper. 

Paper makes money. 

Money makes banks. 

Banks make loans. 

Loans make poverty. 

Poverty makes rags. 

Rags make — well just keep on repeat- 
ing the above. 


What makes secrecy most strong for 
evil and evil-doing? 

The absence of shame. 

What makes publicity most powerful 
for right and justice? 

The presence of shame. 

More potent than policemen or peni- 
tentiary, than judge or statute, than any 
or all of the forces coercive and forces 
punitive, is shame. 

Under the lash of public opinion the 

scarlet mark of shame will rise and sting, 
no matter how tough and thick the hide. 
—New York World. 

Attachment to Christ is the only secret 
of detachment from the world. — A. J. 

If my lying here will serve the cause of 
God, I will lie here till the moss grows 
upon my eyebrows, and my flesh drops 
from my bones. Let it be as God will. — 
John Bunyan. 

I am more afraid of my own heart than 
of the Pope and all his Cardinals. I have 
within me the great Pope — Self. — Lu- 

No man can be wholly the Lord's un- 
less he is wholly consecrated to the 
Lord ; and no man can know whether he 
is thus wholly consecrated, except by 
tribulation. That is the test. Trial, 
therefore, instead of being shunned, 
should be welcomed as the test, and the 
only true test of a true state. Beloved 
souls ! there are consolations which pass 
away, but you will not find true and abid- 
ing consolation except in entire abandon- 
ment, and in that love which loves the 
cross. He who does not welcome the 
cross does not welcome God. — Madame 

As well try to make a Jacob's ladder 
out of a row of empty post holes as to 
think of climbing to heaven on the ten 
prohibitions of the Decalogue. 


The love of law will produce a law of 

There is nothing more contagious than 


Face a situation and you are three- 
quarters master of it. 

To-jnorrow is the day on which idle 
men work and fools reform. 

The only truly rich people are those 
who give up all for Christ. 

Affected modesty is the most vicious 
form of self-consciousness. 

Envy is one oi the most expensive ex- 
ercises one can indulge in. 



October, 1900. 

Is that a death-bed where a Christian 

dies ? 
Yes. but not his — 'tis death itself that 


I preach as if I ne'er should preach again 
And as a dvinsf man to dying" men. 


The editor of an Eastern paper says 
that many of his patrons would make 
good wheel horses, they hold back so 

A bachelor editor who has a pretty 
sister, recently wrote to another bach- 
elor equally fortunate, "Please Ex- 

Editors get one important item for 
nothing, they get bored. 

An editor, puffing air-tight coffins, 
savs "No person having once tried one 
of these coffins will ever use any other." 

A new story has been called "The Ed- 
itor's Purse." We have seen it. There 
is nothing in it. 

An editor, in reply to a young writer 
who wished to know which magazine 
would give him the highest position 
•quickest, advised, "A powder magazine, 
■especially if you contribute a fiery arti- 


A gentleman who could not pronounce 
the letter "R," was asked to read the fol- 
lowing : 

""Robert gave Richard a rap in the ribs 
For roasting the rabbit so rare." 

He evaded the difficulty in the follow- 
ing ingenious manner: 
"'Bobby gave Dicky a thump in the side 
For cooking the bunny so little." 


The following story of the ingenious 
child mind searching after wisdom, and 
the parental discomfiture resulting comes 
to us from the Chicago Tribune: 

"Papa, you took the scientific course 
in college, didn't you ?" 

"Yes, dear, I spent two years on 

"When you look in a mirror the left 

side of your face appears to be the right 
side, and the right side seems to be the 
left. The looking glass reverses it, 
doesn't it?" 


"Then why doesn't it reverse the top 
and bottom of your face the same way ?" 

"Why— er— ah." 

The Love Knot. 

Tying her bonnet under her chin 
She tied her raven ringlets in ; 
But not alone in the silken snare 
Did she catch her lovely floating hair 
For tying her bonnet under her chin 
She tied a young man's heart within. 

They were strolling together up the hill 
Where the wind comes blowing merry 

and chill ; 
And it blew the curls a frolicsome race 
All over the happy peach-colored face 
Till, scolding and laughing, she tied 

them in, 
Under her beautiful dimpled chin. 

And it blew a color, bright as the bloom 
Of the pinkest fuschia's tossing plume, 
All over the cheeks of the prettiest girl 
That ever imprisoned a romping curl, 
Or, tying her bonnet under her chin, 
Tied a young man's heart within. 

Steeper and steeper grew the hill ; 
Madder, merrier, chillier still 
The western wind blew down, and played 
The wildest tricks with the little maid, 
As, tying her bonnet under her chin, 
She tied a young man's heart within. 

O western wind, do you think it was fair, 
To play such tricks with her floating 

To gladly, gleefully do your best 
To blow her against the young man's 

Where he as gladly folded her in, 
And kissed her mouth and her dimpled 

chin ? 

Ah ! Ellery Vane, you little thought, 
An hour ago, when you besought 
This country lass to walk with you, 
After the sun had dried the dew, 
What perilous danger you'd be in, 
As she tied her bonnet under her chin ! 

Nora Perry. 

October, 19fX>. 






It binds the freeman's conscience, 

It exacts a solemn oath 
Of obedience to a system 

That is wrong and lawless both. 
It usurps the rigthts of heaven 

O'er the creatures of God's hand, 
And exalts the lodge's edict 

O'er the laws that rule the land. 

It's the child of moral darkness, 

And would try to circumscribe 
The scope of man's affections 

To this same Masonic tribe: 
But true love makes no distinctions 

Of either race or clan, 
But is ever co-extensive 

With the universe of man. 

A Free Mason loves his brothers! 

(Or at least he so pretends), 
And those of selfish nature 

Love themselves and all their friends. 
But he who, like his Maker, 

Loves all mankind, great and small, 
Knowing neither race nor station. 

Is the noblest of them all. 

When frail man excells his Maker, 

When the laws that rule the lodge, 
Can surpass or even equal 

The Mosaic decalogue; 
When men's selfish combinations 

Are more just than heaven's laws, 
We'll tolerate the secret lodge, 

We'll advocate its cause. 
Xew York. 


Cormorant Imperialism the Cause. 

Sermon by Rev. J. M. Foster, Second 
R. P. Church, Chambers street, Boston. 
Text: "And he gathered them together into 
-a place called in the Hebrew tongue Ar- 
mageddon." Rev. 1G: 16. 

The great world powers are sending 
fleets and armies to China. Never before 
has such a spectacle been witnessed. 
What does it mean? Revelation is his- 
tory written beforehand. There are 

three great periods represented by seven 
seals, seven trumpets and seven vials. 
The seal period represents God's judg- 
ments upon Rome, Pagan, bringing its 
end in 323, when Paganism went down 
and Christianity ascended the throne of 
the Caesars. 

The trumpet period represents his 
judgments upon Rome, Christian, bring- 
ing down the Western and Latin empire 
in the fall of Constantinople before the 
Ottoman power in 1453. 

The vial period represents His judg- 
ments upon anti-Christ. This system is 
described as a politico-ecclesiastical sys- 
tem under the figure of a beast with seven 
heads and ten horns, and also a beast 
with two horns and speaking blasphemy. 
Their name is veiled under the symboli- 
cal figures 666. Dean Alford, in his 
"Greek New Testament," makes these 
figures signify Lateinos ; L — 30, a — I, 
t — 300, e — 5, i — 10, n — 50, o — 70, s — 200, 
making 666. The papacy is the Latin 
church, has a Latin service, publishes her 
decrees in the Latin language, is a Latin 
empire, has a Latin civilization. 

Since the Reformation in Europe the 
vials have been poured out upon this sys- 
tem. The sixth vial is being poured out 
now 7 . It is poured on the River Eu- 
phrates, drying it up. The figure is Cy- 
rus taking Babylon by digging canals 
and drawing off the water of the Eu- 
phrates and marching his men through 
the dry bed of the river into the city. It 
means the supports of the papacy are 
taken away. The Jesuits have been ex- 
pelled from Europe and South America. 
The Pope has lost his temporal power. 
Spain has been humiliated. 

The object of drying up the Euphrates 
is "that the way of the kings of the East 
might be prepared." (Rev. 16: 12.) This 
transfers the scene of action from Eu- 
rope to Asia. And the forces of the world 
are being rushed to China. Note what 
the apostle saw ! "And I saw three un- 
clean spirits like frogs come out of the 
mouth of the dragon, and out of the 
mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth 
of the false prophet. For they are the 
spirits of devils, working miracles, which 
go forth unto the kings of the earth, and 
of the whole world, to gather them to the 
battle of that great day of God Al- 
mighty." (Rev. 16: 13, 14.) 



October, 1900. 

The dragon is Satan. The spirit out of 
his mouth is heathenism. This frog has 
been croaking in China for three thou- 
sand years. The beast we have identified 
as the Latin system. The spirit out of 
his mouth is Jesuitry. The Jesuit priests 
have insinuated themselves into the po- 
litical orifices of China, and have robbed 
the people and the public treasuries until 
in mingled alarm and indignation the 
Boxers have arisen to drive them all out. 

The false prophet seems to be Moham- 
med. This frog has been croaking in 
China ever since the days of the false 
prophet himself. But the Greek Church 
in the East is a compound of Judaism, 
Mohammedanism and Christianity. In 
the fall of Constantinople in 1453 the 
Sultan of Turkey became the official 
head of the Greek Church in Turkey in 
Europe. The Czar of Russia the official 
head of the Greek Church in all the Rus- 
sias. But Russia is one of the chief 
causes of the present uprising in China. 
She has seized Manchuria, and Port Ar- 
thur. She seems to have in view the tak- 
ing of Corea and North China. Great 
Britain has landed troops in Shanghai, 
against the protest of Germany and 
France. Russia and Great Britain are 
now glaring at each other and gnashing 
their teeth as if the bear and the lion 
would fight to the finish. 

Japan was the first to enter Pekin. 
She is ready to take her part of the terri- 
tory of China. No one thinks that the 
fall of Pekin will end this war. Germany 
has forces on the way for a year's cam- 
paign. Cormorant imperialism is the 
great underlying cause of this movement. 
It looks as if Armageddon were already 

The seventh vial is to be poured out on 
the allied forces gathered on this field, 
bringing an unprecedented hailstorm 
from above, and a great earthquake from 
beneath, swallowing up the allied forces. 
(Rev. 16: 17-21.) 

Will the United States be found in this 
alliance, and receive her measure of this 
deluge of blood ? Is that the outcome of 
our Christian civilization ? Great Britain 
has been exterminating the Christian, 
liberty-loving Boers, and ought to suffer 
in this. Our armies are compelling the 
Filipinos at the point of the bayonet to 

accept the friars. Perhaps God will pun- 
ish us in China. 


In the September issue of the Christian 
Cynosure, under the above caption, is a 
critique on a charge made by The I\night 
that ministers of the gospel who fault 
lodge-prayers not offered in the name of 
Christ are inconsistent, while them- 
selves use the Lord's prayer, which is 
open to the same objection. The Knight's 
position is well taken. That prayer was 
made under the law of which Moses, and 
not Jesus, was mediator — made for the 
apostles at their request — made for them 
only. To now pray, "Thy kingdom 
come," is to ask for what Paul says has 
already been established on earth. It 
was fitting for the apostles thus to pray 
for that which they were afterward em- 
powered to introduce on the day of pen- 
tecost. It appears to me so plain, "that 
none by comment can it plainer make," 
to address prayer to the Father under the 
law of the New Institution, other than 
in the name of Christ, is to ignore his 
God-appointed office of Mediator, High- 
Priest, and his offering for sin. That 
certain parts and principles of that prayer 
may rightfully be incorporated into ours, 
is conceded, but to be offered only in that 
only "name given under heaven among 
men whereby we must be saved." In the 
apostolic letters to the churches — espe- 
cially Paul's — the medium of approach 
to God is Christ constantly, and Christ 
only, and him till the end of time. Fur- 
thermore, to call that recorded in Luke 
11: 2, "the Lord's prayer," is a misno- 
mer. The Lord's prayer is recorded in 
John 17, and none other than Jesus has 
ever had any right to address it to God. 
What is called the Lord's prayer evident- 
ly has been patched by some pious tran- 
scriber with addenda Christ never word- 
ed. The prayer worded in our vernacu- 
lar would read, "Father, thy name be hal- 
lowed ; may thy reign come. Give us 
each day our daily bread, and forgive us 
our sins, for we forgive all who offend 
us, and lead us not into temptation." 
There is much in Christless secretism 
which Christians can rightfully con- 
demn; but while plying our ax on the 

October. 1900. 



accursed tree, let us be careful not to get 
our face in line of the flying chips- 
grandiose titles of Reverend, Doctor of 
Divinity, and lots other of Christless 
church nomenclature. 

E. Brakeman. 

Jten>0 of ©ttr Pori 


Some things cost less to have than not 
to have. Some things you cannot afford, 
and some things you cannot afford not 
to afford. You cannot afford to do with- 
out the Christian Cynosure. You cannot 
estimate the value of its effect upon the 
family and the neighborhood where it is 
read and circulated. It jostles you out of 
the ruts. It stimulates you to protest 
against turning this country into an Asi- 
atic land of degrees, casts and secret 
clans. Like Jeremiah, if you cannot save 
vour country, you can save yourself. The 
Cynosure shots will reach you and raise 
you to a Jeremiah's pitch of enthusiasm 
"and courageous battling for home and 
country. Read the Cynosure, mark a 
good thing, and ask your Samaritan 
neighbor to read. 

We are glad to note that Rev. W. R. 
Bonham is laboring in this State with his 
stereopticon as an assistant to show up 
the principles of the lodge system. He 
points out its idolatrous character both to 
the eye and ear. We hope to receive a 
letter from him, giving us a detailed ac- 
count of his labors, for the next number 
of the Cvnosure. 

Rev. J. C. Leacock, formerly of Dal- 
ton. Pa., but now of Newark Valley, N. 
Y., writes a note: 

Mr. Wm. I. Phillips: Dear Sir— 
'Thanks for facts and figures forwarded 
me some weeks since. I used them in my 
address at our district meeting in Bing- 
hamton and no dissent was given." 

Mr. N. Keyser, Alamo, Cal., writes: 
"I have just returned from San Jose. I 
preached there two weeks on the anti- 
Christ of the Bible, showing [Masonry as 
it is spoken of in the Word." Brother 

Keyser sends the subscription for the 
Cvnosure of an influential lady of that 

Rev. P. B. Williams gave twenty-one 
anti-secret addresses during August. It 
was the best month's work, he says, he 
has ever done. He promises to fill ap- 
pointments for lectures where desired at 
the rate of three lectures for $10 and ex- 
penses. He may be addressed at this 
office or at Quincy, Logan County, Ohio, 
where he is the pastor of the L'nited 
Brethren Church. The opportunity to 
secure the services of Brother Wiliams is 
one of which many of our friends in Ohio 
and neighboring States should take ad- 
vantage. Could not Brother Williams 
hold the Ohio State convention this year 
in Logan County? 

Miss Sarah E. Morrow, of Leanna, 
Kan., orders the Cynosure and other lit- 
erature for Rev. Wm. Parmiter, editor 
the "Primitive Christian." She says that 
"foe is making a brave fight on the line of 
secretism." Miss Morrow also writes an 
important exhortation when she says : 
"Let us see that all ministers have our 
paper" — the Christian Cynosure. 

Spokane, Wash. 
Mr. Wm. I. Phillips : 

My Dear Brother — I was surprised 
and much pleased by the generous lot of 
anti-secrecy literature that you sent me, 
and began at once to make good use of it. 

We are both exceedingly interested in 
studying into this matter, and my hus- 
band took a bold stand in regard to it at 
our church prayer-meeting. We already 
have a cause for rejoicing in our church. 

I think, in my former letter, I told you 
that a deacon in the Congregational 
Church here was "almost persuaded" to 
join the new Odd Fellows' lodge. Ear- 
nest prayer and reasoning were brought 
to bear on him, and he decided not to 
join. (Mrs.) F. W. Renshaw. 

(Editorial Note.— A letter for this number 
of the Cynosure from Bro. W. B. Stoddard 
has been mislaid and hence the following 
gleaned from a private letter is printed.) 

The purposed discussion between D. 
G. Fetterolf, of Kulpsville. Pa., and the 
Eastern Secretary, was not held. Mr. 



October, 1900. 

Fetterolf wrote that he did not desire 
such a discussion. He wished a meeting 
at which Mr. Stoddard should occupy 
the first half of the time speaking against 
the lodge. He would occupy the other 
half speaking in its favor. The unfair- 
ness of such an arrangement is manifest. 
Bro. Stoddard refused to take part in a 
scheme to get the people together to hear 
the lodges praised, when he would have 
no chance to reply. He spent ten days 
in New England assisting his father in 
work there. He gave no lectures East, 
but spoke at meetings as there was op- 


Camp-meetings, like other associations, 
must make and enforce their rules. The 
"well disposed," whether Christian or 
otherwise, will respect those rules, or 
quietly remove beyond their jurisdiction. 
A little care and courteous attention of- 
ten forestalls objections and secures op- 
portunities that would otherwise be de- 

The regular as well as the occasional 
attendant at Alton Bay Camp (N. H.) is 
fortunate in coming under the supervis- 
ion of its courteous but energetic Presi- 
dent. Rev. Bro. Mitchell. A few mo- 
ments' conference with the President and 
his advisory committee removed all 
ground for apprehending any unfriendli- 
ness to the cause, with intimated assur- 
ance of sympathy and good will. The 
attendance of ministerial and lay breth- 
ren was large and the management did 
not deem it wise or just to their own 
members to give an hour to the discus- 
sion of any topic, aside from those views 
which they hold and teach, as a branch 
in "The True Vine." 

Accepting the freedom of their city, I 
participated in their fellowship services, 
conferred freely with individuals and 
groups, visited and left tracts in nearly 
all the cottages, and put leaflets in the 
scores of wagons and carriages that 
came from the surrounding country. 
Prominent clergymen visited my room 
for information, and to ask explanations 
of some particular difficulties they had 
or some case that had come within their 
own knowledge. One rector related in- 

stances of estrangement from the church 
and loss of spirituality, following mem- 
bership in secret lodges, which were 
very marked and sad. He expressed deep 
regret and surprise that his Bishop could 
remain in and publicly advocate the Ma- 
sonic orde*\ 

"Secrecy and Citizenship," "Danger 
Signals," Nos. i and 2, with "Freema- 
sonry Symbolized in Revelation," were 
put in his hands, as in the hands of most 
of the prominent clergymen at the meet- 
ing, with tracts for circulation. I start- 
ed in at the opening fall campaign with 
5,000 tracts, "The Church and the 
Lodge," but found this an inadequate 
supply, so I was compelled to distribute 
sparingly near the close. Friends who 
wish to introduce the work will find this 
tract and "Folly, Expense and Danger 
of Secret Societies" especially helpful. 

From the camp in New Hampshire 1 
went to the M. E. annual gathering at 
Willimantic, Conn. Seeking out the 
"elder in charge," I received a courteous 
greeting, and having explained my mis- 
sion, I was informed that the rules made 
no provision for work of that character, 
but no man was restrained from circu- 
lating freely about the grounds, convers- 
ing with those he met, and giving awav 
books and tracts, provided it was done in 
an orderly and quiet way. Sales were 
not admissible except by special permit. 
Opinions were more pronounced either 
for or against the lodge than at any other 
gathering I have attended. 

There are said to be 244 cottages in 
this group. After skirmishing for a half 
day and evening, I made an early attack 
by putting literature in every cottage be- 
fore 6:30 a. m. At 10 o'clock I started 
with a different variety to make the same 
round. I found that all my labor had 
not been in vain. When handed a tract 
on Oddfellowship, a lady said, "Yes, Ell 
take it and put it right in the stove. You 
left some here this morning and my fath- 
er got hold of them and he went away to 
the meeting excited and all stirred up. 
We are all Masons here and believe in it 
and don't need any of your tracts," etc. 
A little farther a gentleman called to me 
from a side street and asked : "Are you 
the man who has been putting tracts in 
these cottages?" "Yes," I said, "that is 

October, 1900. 



just what I have been doing." "Well/ 5 
said he, "my Masonic neighbors are all 
stirred up and half a dozen or more have 
been to inquire if I know who has done 
it." I said: "Send them to me at the 
Colchester cottage, where I am ready to 
settle all bills and attend to all charges 
of misdemeanor." This man I found to 
be a fearless friend, who afterwards ren- 
dered valuable service to the cause. 

There were many similar incidents, but 
I felt that my most effective work was 
with the ministers and in the cottage 
prayer meeting. Pastors came to me 
with cases that had greatly perplexed 
them, and listened very attentively to ex- 
planations I gave from my charts, asking 
questions freely. At an early stage of my 
visit I placed four books on the tables 
where different groups gathered for 
prayer and testimony at stated hours, 
with the request that if I did not call for 
them the persons in charge of the rooms 
would take them to their homes. Many 
of these remained when I left and were 
being read by occupants and callers. 
There were very able ministers who 
spoke with eloquence and power, and I 
endeavored to have a few words with each 
one and present him with the four little 
volumes I had in hand. I received many- 
words of hearty commendation, which the 
length of this article forbids me to chron- 
icle. I venture to add a single incident. 
A brother whom I had met at different 
times and places for the last five years as 
a Mason, volunteered the testimony. "I 
joined the lodge and used my Masonry 
when in foreign ports. Four years ago 
I absented myself from the lodge, but 
still paid my dues. The first day of last 
January I notified my lodge that I wanted 
my name stricken from the roll and that 
I should pay no more dues. I have no 
fight with the lodge, but I don't think it 
is the place for a Christian. When I was 
made a Mason I came to a place where 
they told me I might pray for myself and 
I just poured out my soul before God. 
That prayer is a matter of remark when- 
ever I meet a member who was present 
to this day." 

The work is progressing here, and we 
joy and rejoice with our brethren in their 
victories the world over. 

James P. Stoddard. 
Boston, Sept. 16, 1900. 


Montpelier, Vt., Aug. 22, 1900. 

Editor Christian Cynosure : We have 
visited the homes of all the ministers, in- 
terviewed the editors of the daily and 
weekly papers, personally placed anti- 
secret literature in the hands of the Gov- 
ernor and of some of the officers at the 
State House, and of many of the leading- 
lawyers of the city, as well as a number 
of business men. We have distributed 
tracts from door to door on all the lead- 
ing streets, until our stock of packages 
and our strength were exhausted. The 
evenings were spent in preparing articles 
for the Daily Journal (Republican) and 
the Argus (Democratic). The editors 
gave us space for articles covering more 
than a column and a half each. 

When Paul visited Athens his soul was 
stirred because he saw the city wholly 
given to idolatry. When we visited this 
beautiful city of the Green Mountains. 
the quiet capital of the State, whose men 
have been like the granite bases of these 
everlasting mountains, and saw how the 
men were bound with the chains of se- 
crecy, we could not help being stirred 
with mingled indignation and pity and 

Farrar. in his "Early Days of Chris- 
tianity." describes the City of Rome as 
more than half slave. And if a slave, who 
was being cruelly wronged, arose and 
slew his master, all his slaves, whether 400 
or 4.000 were to be put to a cruel death. 
And when a Roman was visited by a 
friend he provided a slave girl for the 
night, just as any other accommodation. 
And even the free citizens, whether the 
rich or the royal family or of the phil- 
osophers or the actors or the generals 
or the mechanics or the artists, were all 
their lifetime subject to bondage through 
fear, for they did not know at what mo- 
ment the agent of the emperor would ap- 
pear to assassinate them, or his messen- 
ger delivering the emperor's command 
for them to commit suicide, a command 
that was always obeyed with passing 
promptness. But the Rome oi the secret 
empire holds its members in worse slavery 
than that of Pagan Rome. The oaths of 
the apprentice, fellow craft, and master 
mason and arch mason are vile to a de- 
gree which Pagan Rome did not know. 



October, 1900. 

The treason wrapped up in these impre- 
cations would have been scorned by the 
sturdy Romans. The hideous perform- 
ances of the lodge would have put to 
shame the feasts of Bacchus and Venus. 
Charles Kingsley, in his story of the 
fifth century, entitled "Hypatia," gives a 
dark picture of society in Alexandria in 
the days of Cyril and Chrisostom and 
Augustine. The foundations of social 
morality seemed to be broken up. The 
church became an instrument of tyranny 
and cruelty and falsehood and sensuality 
in the hands of the priests. The brutal 
priests used the scourge and solitary con- 
finement and starvation to enforce their 
will. Nero fired the city of Rome and 
then had the Christians arrested on the 
suspicion that they were guilty. And 
when he could find no evidence he put 
them on the rack to force a confession. 
And when false professors acted as in- 
formers, he had them tied to stakes, their 
bodies covered with pitch and set on fire 
to illuminate the city by night. But the 
King of Egypt out-Heroded Herod in 
this matter, until the very name of law 
and authority became a stench in the nos- 
trils of the outraged people. But the 
morality of the people and the vital re- 
ligion of the church are suffering worse 
at the hands of the lodge to-day. Great 
Britain can crush the Boers and exter- 
minate their republic, and not even a fee- 
ble protest comes from our land. The 
lodge has benumbed our sense of justice. 
Gen. Lew Wallace, in his story of the 
fifteenth century, "The Prince of India,'' 
gives us a fearful view of the depths of 
Satan, when vital godliness goes out and 
the hard, fierce worldly spirit comes in. 
The Byzantine Empire was ripe for de- 
struction, and it fell before the Ottoman 
power in 1453. The spirit of freedom has 
gone out and the lodge servile spirit has 
come in so that race-riots in the South 
and the North, in the East and the West, 
are looked upon as a part of the common- 
place of the day. The lodge has slain the 
free, independent and obedient spirit of 
the patriot, and substituted for it the base, 
groveling, cowardly spirit of the slave. 
The lodge is the mortal foe of freedom. 
It must go or the republic will go down. 
Barre was also visited after the man- 
ner of Montpelier. Bro. Abram Mann 
todc me under his wings, while giving 

me needed information as to ministers 
and business men to be visited. It is the 
most unpopular work one can undertake. 
You set the whole town by the ears. Men 
and women and boys and girls will stop 
and gaze at the man who goes around 
trying to persuade men that secret so- 
cieties are wrong and they ought to come 
out of them. Sometimes we meet a man 
who will not take a tract from our hand, 
though offered in the most courteous 
manner. He has heard or seen what we 
are doing, and proposes to administer a 
needed rebuke. Sometimes we find a 
man who will not give us an opportunity 
to talk. He turns suddenly away. He 
points us to the door, or seeing us 
through the glass door he will not open 
to us. It is strange what fools the lodge 
makes of men. Satan has filled their 
hearts. They are no longer reasonable. 
The Holy Ghost cannot find place in their 
hearts. They are past feeling. They are 
sold under sin. It makes one's heart ache 
to see them. We pity them with all our 
heart. We cannot be angry with them. 
It is too sad. We would rather weep. Is 
it not time for the last plagues that ac- 
company the last vials? It does seem 
that the world can endure this no longer. 
I must stop. This letter stirs my soul in 
writing it. "It is time Thou work, Lord, 
for they have made void Thy law divine." 

I. M. Foster. 


I attended the Y. M. C. A. Summer 
Conference at Pacific Grove the first of 
June. We had a grand time. Every- 
body got close to God and to each other. 
And the difference between the first meet- 
ing of the conference and the last was 
something wonderful to one who had 
never enjoyed such an occasion before. 
It was truly a heart-searching time. 
Many of the men got power over definite 
shortcomings and every one received 
what he could scarcely help but receive, 
"Added Power in Life." 

I embraced the opportunity to make a 
distribution of Tracts on Secret Socie- 
ties. Had some quiet talks with some of 
the fellows during leisure moments. 
Most of them were intensely interested 
in the subject, and are bound to give it 
further thought. Two young men, who 

October, 1900. 



will some day, in the providence of God, 
fill influential positions, wanted to in- 
form themselves, as they felt convinced 
that Christian men should take a stand 
against such evils. But as all were sac- 
rificing and using money closely to get 
the benefits of the Conference, I did not 
get any subscribers for the Cynosure. 

I sounded all the Secretaries present, 
and one College President on the sub- 
ject; all agreed that secret societies were 
not helpful to Christian workers. The 
Secretaries all concurred in the state- 
ment that among the real workers in the 
Y. M. C. A. they did not know of any 
lodge men. Yet they were not prepared 
to put themselves on record in regard to 
the subject. Your brother in Christ, 
H. A. Johnson. 


The first number of the Cynosure was 
issued as the Christian Banner, July 25, 
1868, thirty-two years ago last July. 

There were, at that time, a few papers 
representing opposition to secret socie- 
ties ; but their utterances against the 
lodge were : 

"Like angel-visits, few and far be- 

Indeed the subject was not well under- 
stood. Masons had stolen and burned 
the books and prints which filled the land 
seventy years ago ; the old anti-Masons 
were weary, dispirited and hopeless ; the 
War of the Rebellion had deluged the 
land with Masonry, our Northern sol- 
diers being led by the minions of the 
lodge to hope for safety and favors from 
the rebels by that very Masonry which 
had organized the rebellion ; the lodge 
had recovered more than its former 
power, and "Brave men stood silent and 
timid men quailed before it." 

The scene has changed. Scores of pa- 
pers, secular as well as religious, now 
often speak the language of the Cynosure. 
A considerable portion of these prints 
have been started since the Cynosure and 
have received as their subscribers many 
who for a time took this paper. 

Those who have toiled with unremit- 
ting self-denial to sustain our subscrip- 
tion list can look with pride upon the re- 

sult of their labors. They have strength- 
ened the hands and encouraged the heart 
of every one of these publications. They 
have cast bread on the waters which will 
be found after many days. And the fu- 
ture in time and eternity, only can tell the 
effect of their labors on the American 
press, strengthening its tone and thus 
hastening the reign of truth and light. 

Dear Brother Phillips : 1 appreciate 
the Cynosure and read its contents from 
lid to lid. Lodgery is an amazing quag- 
mire. Very cordially yours in the Lord's 
work, (Rev.) Wm. C. Paden. 

Napa, Cal., June 12, 1900. 
I am well pleased with the last num- 
ber of the Christian Cynosure. The May 
one was a grand one, indeed. May it 
prosper more and more to the better- 
ment of all people and the glory of God. 
Yours, (Rev.) David Morrow. 

Snohomish, Wash., Aug. 24, 1900. 
I wish that I were able, I would scat- 
ter the Cynosure over the whole Snoho- 
mish County, for I don't think that there 
is another county in the whole Lmited 
States with as many lodges and secret 
societies, in comparison, although I have 
only one lodge member in my congrega- 
tion, and he is as good as on the fence. 
God bless the Christian Cynosure and 
through it show to man His will concern- 
ing the Satanic evil of the secret societies. 
(Rev.) H. C. Eberling. 

Columbus Grove, Ohio, June 14, 1900. 
Editor and Friends : 

The Christian Cynosure more than 
satisfies my mind, from the fact that it 
gives to God's Word the pre-eminence 
and contends for the equal rights. I ex- 
pect to take your paper while I live, for 
the fearless stand it occupies for the 
right. I wish that I could donate one 
hundred thousand dollars to help to 
carry on the good work. 

Elder "[• Bushong. 

Red Lake Falls, Minn., Aug. 25, 1900. 

National Christian Association, 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago : 
Gentlemen — I have been without the 

Cynosure for quite a while now, but T 

can't afford to be without it any longer, 



October, 1900. 

so here's my dollar. Our little town of 
2,000 is full of secret societies, Odd Fel- 
lows. Foresters, Royal Neighbors, Mac- 
cabees, Modern Woodmen, Red Men 
and I don't know all, has one brothel 
house and eleven saloons ! The former 
get up dancing parties, card parties, etc., 
every now and then, and the dram shops, 
or drunk factories, run night and day, 
Sunday — by the back door — as well as 
Monday. Outside the Catholics here, 
who, as a rule, are "good" church mem- 
bers and, as to a large proportion of 
them, good customers at the bar, there 
are but few real good church people. 
What is the country coming to, anyhow? 
I wish we could have a few good lec- 
turers on the temperance and anti-lodge 
questions. It might help to check the 
tide and open the eyes of a few. But how 
to get the lecturers is the question. With 
a big majority of the people as lodge 
members, and most of the rest indiffer- 
ent, I don't see what can be done. 

E. G. Storaasli. 

% tttbm' fettmotw*. 


Call me perjured, call ine traitor. 
Just as suits your secret clan. 

Here I stand a true lodge-hater, 
An' the friend o' God an' man. 
—Accommodated from Hosea Biglow. 


Dear Brother Phillips and Other Breth- 
ren : 

I will tell more of my experience in 
Masonry and with the "widow's son." 
While I lived at Phoenix, A. T., I traded 
with a hardware merchant, who seemed 
to be a real friend of mine. But he had 
been "raised," and I found him to be 
very profane. One day while in this state 
I said, "Mr. Thayer, how came you to 
be a Mason, since you don't believe in a 
God or a devil?" and he said, "O, yes, I 
do. I have a god of my own." And I 
then said to him, "Mr. Thayer, what is 
your god ?" And said he, "My god is my 
telly, for I believe I can eat and drink, 
for this is all that there is, and it is my 

god." And so it is that a man can be a 
good Mason and make his belly his god. 

I am glad to say that I have met hun- 
dreds of Masons who are not now really 
Masons, who never go to the Masonic 
lodge. But, on the other hand, there are 
thousands of Masons who are ready and 
willing to carry out the penalties of "hav- 
ing my throat cut across, my tongue torn 
out by its roots and buried in the rough 
sands of the sea." In this county and 
State of Missouri Masons have told some 
of my best friends that if that man Glas- 
ford was a poor devil we could easily get 
away with him. So you can see why I 
am allowed to live. While I was in Des 
Moines, Iowa, a few weeks since, I found 
men in that beautiful city who said that 
a man who would reveal Freemasonry 
ought to be Masonically dealt with as a 
perjurer. But, thank God, thousands of 
men that belong to the lodge are better 
than their principles. While I was in 
Des Moines I met five men at one time 
who were Masons, and who stood up for 
the lodge till I told them what I knew 
about the "widow's son." They after- 
ward confessed that it was a humbug and 
a lie, and they told me that always, in try- 
ing to defend the "widow's son," they felt 
condemned, and some of them had not 
been in the lodge for fifteen years. So 
you can see that in many cases devotees 
to the "widow's son" are very weak and 
often wish that they had done as I did, 
kick right out at the start. In every. case 
being made a' Mason always makes men 

Right here in Carthage, Mo., a great 
many men say to me, "You saved me 
from being humbugged, and hundreds 
of men bless me for standing true, and 
so it is that our works do follow us. 
Right here in Carthage, Mo., some ten 
years ago, a good Mason could not have 
gotten a place to preach, but since I have 
been away the devil has sowed tares, and 
to-day most of the ministers here are 
Masons. But I have found here a new 
field to work in. I have had talks with 
many good women. Some at first would 
say the lodge was a good thing, while 
others would say, "I know nothing about 
it." "Well, do you wish to know about 
it?" "Well, we can't find out just what 

(Continued on page 196.) 



[Adapted from the New York Evening Journal. 



October, 1900. 

(Continued from page 194.) 

it is." "Well, I will tell you just what it 
is." And so I have told it over and over 
again, and have scattered tracts most 
everywhere, so that many have found out 
a little of what it is. One lady, a real 
godly woman, has told me that the "No- 
bles of the Mystic Shrine" are too vulgar 
to be in a decent house. 

Another good thing has taken place 
here. The colored men used to have a 
Masonic lodge, and since I came back I 
am told by some of the colored brethren 
that they have quit such nonsense, and 
are saving their money for a better pur- 
pose, and one of them, a Baptist preach- 
er, told me that he had been often told 
that Masonry had never been revealed, 
and could not be, but after reading he 
asked me if it was so that they take an 
obligation to always conceal, and never 
reveal. "And I am told," he said, "that 
it is all changed ; that it is not what it 
used to be. I said to Mr. D., "It is the 
same old devil that it always was. It 
cannot change. It is past changing. It 
is the unpardonable sin, and will go to its 
own place." And so every Mason's 
"Once a Mason, always a Mason," is 
really once a devil always a devil. But it 
has to die, for God has declared that it is 
a vile plant and will be plucked up and 
cast into the fire, and will be burned root 
and branch. 

It is a little funny when some of those 
godly women find out that their good 
Masonic husbands have taken an obliga- 
tion not to violate the chastity of a Mas- 
ter Mason's wife, sister or daughter, 
knowing them to be such. Two of them 
came to me and said, "Did you take that 
obligation?" I said, "Most certainly I 
did, and so does every Mason." "Well, 
then, we will see to it," they said. 

But I must close with the blessed dox- 
ology : "Now unto Him that is able to 
do exceedingly above all that we ask or 
think, to him be glory in the church by 
Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world 
without end. Amen." 

(Rev.) J. K. Glassford. 

Carthage, Mo. 

$oke0 from tlje ?o5ge. 

Something must be done to stop the fright- 
ful loss from dropping for non-payment of 
dues. Many remedies have been proposed, 
but none exactly fits the case. I have a rem- 
edy which may or may not work. When a 
brother becomes twelve months in arrears 
for dues, I would transfer him from benefi- 
cial to non-beneficial membership instead of 
dropping him. I would keep him in that 
class, at a low rate of dues, until he paid all 
arrearages; or until he became two years in 
arrears for dues in his new class. After mem- 
ber had been put in this class I would not re- 
admit him to the beneficial class until he had 
paid the amount due the lodge at the time he 
was transferred, and after he had given satis- 
factory evidence as to the condition of his 
health. I would give the non-beneficial class 
attentive benefits, as now, and would also 
require them to watch with the sick. I be- 
lieve this would stop the loss.— From the 
Herald, in the Knight. 

This is one more prescription for the 
prevalent n. p. d. epidemic. 


Odd Fellowship celebrated its eighty- 
first anniversary April 26th, 1900. 

The following is taken from the annual ad- 
dress of Brother R. T. W. Duke, Jr., Grand 
Master of Virginia: 

"I decided, with much reluctance, that a 
non-affiliate had no rights in Masonry. He 
has privileges, but no rights. I say 'with re- 
luctance,' for it seems to me we treat non- 
affiliates with a harshness which should not 
exist. When a man enters our institution he 
obtains certain inalienable rights. When, for 
some reason best known to himself, he demits, 
he is still a Mason— a Mason in every sense 
of the word, except that he is not a member 
of a lodge. The great aim and object, I re- 
spectfully submit, of all law on this subject 
should be to get all the good non-affiliates 
back into lodges. 

"This equally applies to the unfortunate 
brother suspended for non-payment of dues. 
We punish him with a severity, it seems to 
me, his offense does not justify, making the 
failure to pay $3 a year as great an offense 
as drunkenness or misbehavior, and placing 
the unfortunate brother in a class of sus- 
pended Masons with whom to hold converse 
on Masonic subjects is one of the greatest 
offenses."— Texas Freemason. 

The Grand Master's decision amounts 
to this : "Once a Mason, always a Ma- 
son;" a man who takes a dimit is ho''\v*\ 

October, 1900. 



by Masonic obligations. He is released 
from some duties to his particular lodge, 
but he is not released from general Ma- 
sonic obligations. Yet his rights are for- 

He may be granted privileges, but he 
can enjoy no rights. 

Whether this is reasonable or not, 
whether it is just or not, it is Masonic law 
in Virginia. 

It seems to be compatible with the type 
of Brotherhood exemplified. 


"Does your wife annoy you upon your 
return from, the lodge with all sorts of 
questions and superstitious theories? 
Does she talk to you in a sepulchral tone 
of voice while you are endeavoring to 
make friends with Morpheus, and drive 
you out to the woodshed that you may 
enjoy peace? If she does, we can sug- 
gest a remedy. Subscribe for the Iowa 
Odd Fellow and leave each issue about 
the house. In two weeks you will have 
absolute quiet. In four weeks your bet- 
ter half will join the Rebekahs and all 
will be as lovely and serene as a June 

Odd Fellows don't have such wives — 
they are too sensible to attempt to pry 
into matters not for them. Every wom- 
an has enough secrets of her own, with- 
out seeking to load up with secrets be- 
longing to other people. — Companion. 

Query: To whom, except to his wife, 
do a husband's secrets belong? 


In view of the complications and difficul- 
ties arising in one way and another out of 
the beneficiary system of the order we occa- 
sionally find a worthy brother who advocates 
the complete destruction of the present meth- 
ods of providing for the relief of the sick, 
and recommends the substitution of volun- 
tary contributions in aid of needy sick mem- 
bers. We frankly admit that we do not be- 
long to this class whether it be large or small 
within the jurisdiction of the order. We fa- 
vor the beneficiary system in its integrity as 
bequeathed to us by the fathers. By the un- 
wise, unjust and unconstitutional legislation 
of the Sovereign Body the system to-day, it is 
true, is but the shadow of the system advo- 
cated and promulgated by Thomas Wildey 

and his early followers and fails in large de- 
gree as now administered to meet the neces- 
sities of sick and indigent members. Two 
dollars per week for a man dependent on the 
labor of his hands to meet the needs of the 
sick room and to support a family without 
other income, is little better than a mockery 
in the midst of sickness and distress as many 
an unfortunate brother has already learned 
from bitter experience. But we look for a re- 
peal of the minimum benefit law sooner or 
later, or its essential modification to meet the 
demands of justice and the order. With the 
restoration of the old system perhaps modi- 
fied in some respects, the sick will be pro- 
vided for largely as in former times and the 
pension method so inimical to our order and 
all its original professions will be sent to the 
bats and owls. Then there will be few or 
none to advocate the free will or charity sys- 
tem, now common in some other orders in a 
measure kindred to our own. Yes, in mem- 
ory of our fathers we must hold on to the 
beneficiary system of relief in preference to 
the voluntary or charitable method of provid- 
ing for those who are the victims of sickness 
or accident. By and by light will come to the 
eyes of those who enacted the minimum law 
and they will repeal it or their successors in 
the Sovereign Grand Lodge, wiser than. they, 
will remove the law and take away its evils. 
—Grand Secretary Kidder. 

That is, the method vital to the order is 
not free-handed beneficence, but rated in- 


New 7 Haven, Conn., May i~. — (Spe- 
cial.) — The three junior fraternities at 
Yale, composed largely of rich men's 
sons, have all blackballed a poor student 
who sought admission to their ranks. 
The Yale faculty regards this as a chal- 
lenge to combat on the suppression or 
perpetuation of the sophomore secret so- 
cieties. — Chicago Tribune. 


"The Illinois Freemason advises 
lodges against the purchase of 'robes and 
crowns' as their use is likely to be pro- 
hibited by Grand Lodge. 

"Perhaps the Worshipful Masters will 
have some voice in the matter in Grand 
Lodge." — A Masonic Organ. 

The audience is requested not to cheer ! 



October, 1900. 



Stover Refuses to Direct Kopp' 
Reinstatement in Order. 

Robert Kopp. a wealthy manufacturer, of 
No. 7S Barclay street, who was expelled from 
the Masonic fraternity, has failed in his effort 
to have the courts order his reinstatement. 
Justice Stover, himself a Mason, dismissed 
Kopp's suit, declaring that the order had a 
right to govern itself and that he saw no 
reason why the courts should interfere. 

Kopp was a prominent Mason for twenty- 
five years. He was Master of Strict Observ- 
ance Lodge. No. 94, of this city. In 1889 
he was arraigned on a charge of writing an 
improper letter, accusing the then Grand 
Master of introducing political methods into 
the government of the order. He was ex- 
pelled, and the Grand Lodge sustained the 
verdict. Then Kopp appealed to the civil 
courts, the case being unique in the history 
of the fraternity. 

"I am unable to discover any grounds upon 
which the court could interfere," said Jus- 
tice Stover in dismissing Kopp's suit. "That 
such a letter as he wrote was a gross viola- 
tion of Masonic obligation, Masonic conduct 
and Masonic law, there can be no doubt." 

Kopp will appeal to the higher courts. He 
claims rights in Masonic property. 

Masonry denies the right of private 
judgment. A. T. C. Pierson, 33d, says m 
Traditions of Freemasosnry, p. 30: "If 
we would be Masons we must yield pri- 
vate judgment." Robert Morris, 33d, p. 
196: "The first duty of the reader of this 
synopsis is to obey the edicts of the 
Grand Lodge. Right or wrong, his very 
existence as a Mason hangs on obedi- 
ence to the powers immediately set above 

Virginia has tried the voluntary contribu- 
tion act in the maintenance of its Masonic 
home, to its disgust. Michigan did the same 
unwise thing until after several years of 
humiliating failure it secured a general as- 
sessment of ten cents. Ten cents per capita 
for the widows and orphans! Well, even 
that is better than the voluntary business, 
because it causes some dried-up soul terri- 
ble agony to let go of ten cents.— American 
Tyler, June 1, 1899. 

It seems that the church plan harmon- 
izes as illy with insurance on the Mason- 
ic plan as the church ideas of truth, mor- 
als and life do with Masonic ideas. 

An exchange says: "There are two classes 
of persons that seek entrance into an order 
such as the Odd Fellows. One class for the 
benefits they may receive, and the other for 
the good they may do to others.. The ques- 
tion is to which of these classes do you be- 

One at a time. Don't all answer at once! — 
Odd Fellows' Companion. 

But wouldn't nearly all answer the 

$ew0paper0 ani) Beform* 


Springfield, July 28. — Charles Moham- 
med, who says he is a son of the Sultan 
of Morocco, thirty-third degree Mason 
and member of the class of 1901 at 
Princeton, pleaded guilty to drunkenness 
in police court and was let go on contin- 
ued sentence, promising to leave town. 
He says his name at home is Sala Ben 
Mohammed and that his royal sire re- 
joices in the cognomen of Muley Abdal- 
lah Aziz Mohammed and has 126 wives. 
—New York World. 


To the Editor of the Herald; I am a 
comparatively poor man, of an old and 
patriotic American family, and would 
like to join some of the societies to which 
I am entitled to belong' by birth and my 
own military services, but cannot afford 
to pay so many initiation fees or to buy 
so many medals. Why could not all these 
patriotic civil and military societies con- 
solidate and form one grand association, 
to include everybody whose ancestors 
through the male or female line "fit in the 
Revolution" or any other old war? It 
would be following the fashion of form- 
ing trusts, and would save a great deal of 
money in initiation fees and medals. Pa- 
trioticallly, George E. Barton. 

New York City. 

For many weeks the Wesleyan Meth- 
odist, of Syracuse, N. Y., has contained 
a series of valuable articles by James H. 
Allen, on "The Religion and Morality of 
Masonry and Its Kindred Allies, as 
Taught by Their Standard Authors." 

October, 1900. 





America's Daughters. 

Washington certainly, and we think the 
country generally, will welcome the 
"United States Daughters of 1812," who 
are about to be incorporated by Con- 
gress. We already have the "Colonial 
Dames," the "Holland Dames," the 
"Legion of Loyal Women," the "Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution," and 
Washington used to rejoice in a society 
of "Rising Sons and Daughters of Abra- 
ham and Isaac" (colored). 

We cannot have too many "Daugh- 
ters," with their annual convocations, 
their deep and mysterious discussions of 
parliamentary law, their resplendent rib- 
bons and badges, and their Presidents 
General, Vice Presidents General and 
Assistant Acting Doorkeepers General. 
They do us all good, and when they come 
to Washington the city very properly 
rises in their honor, and very few citizens, 
indeed, leave town. The "United States 
Daughters of 1812" should be followed 
at once by the "Daughters of the Mexi- 
can War," and the "Daughters of the 
Rebellion." Then in a few years the 
Roosevelt patent will expire and we can 
have the "Strenuous Daughters of 1898." 
There is room as well as need for all of 

Of course, it may be said that so many 
"Daughters" ought not to run about the 
country without chaperons. The "Daugh- 
ters of the Revolution" may easily have 
acquired habits which would not suit 
either the complexions or the digestion 
of the "Daughters of the Spanish War," 
and the "United States Daughters of 
1812" might object to sharing the same 
playground with the "Holland Dames," 
but these are details. High above all 
these youthful associations is the "Con- 
gress of Mothers," with a jurisdiction 
ranging from Maine to Manila, and an ex- 
perience dating back to 1492. In the 
presence of the "Mothers" the "Daugh- 
ters" will always behave. — Washington 

The average membership of Florida 
lodges is twelve, the lowest in this coun- 
try; and the highest is 212, in the District 
of Columbia. 

"For example, what is called the ledge 
system in this country has wide ramifica- 
tions. There are two and a half secret so- 
cieties to one church. In Boston — 571 
lodges, churches 223. Chicago — lodges 
1,001, churches 310. St. Louis — lodges 
729, churches 220. Washington, D. C. 
— lodges 316, churches 181. New Or- 
leans — lodges 270, churches 178. 

In fact, the lodges are disintegrating 
the churches ; for they absorb young men 
by the thousands, and their money by 

"Perhaps the secret lodge system is the 
expansion and spread of old world idola- 
tries of Asia and Africa in Christian 
lands with names and forms changed. 
However this may be, those who suppose 
that secret orders are mere benefit socie- 
ties are simple indeed." — Ecclesia Voice. 

Ignoring the Example of Christ. 

I submit to you a few doctrines which 
determine absolutely the character of 
these secret lodges. They all require 
members to disregard the example of 
Christ, and his example is just as binding 
as his Word. Assume that the Good 
Templars are an excellent organization 
for promoting temperance, or that the 
Freemasons promote a faith in God., 
hope in immortality, and charity to all 
mankind. What right then has a Chris- 
tian man to hide that work from his wife 
and children? Christ told his disciples 
to proclaim on the housetops what he 
had told them in private (Matt. 10 : 26, 
2y). Now a man is initiated into a lodge. 
When he comes home his wife says. 
"Where have you been to-night?" "I 
have been initiated." "I didn't know you 
were going to join. Tell me about it." 
"I am not permitted to tell you." "Was 
there anything wicked?" "No." "Any- 
thing ridiculous?" "Nothing at all, my 
dear; it was very solemn." "Well, then, 
why can't you tell me about it, if there is 
nothing wicked in it, and nothing ridicu- 
lous?" He is compelled to say, "I have 
obligated myself not to." The question 
as to whether it is good or bad may be a 
matter of taste. Jesus Christ knew how 
to promote the temperance cause, faith 
in God, the hope of immortality, and 
charity toward all men ; the Savior that 



October, 1900. 

turned his head on the cross to say to 
John. "Take care of my mother," and 
said to the mother, "John will look after 
you." is not unmindful of the needs of 
the wife after her husband has been taken 
from her and she is left to provide for 
herself. Jesus know how to promote 
friendship and love and liberty, and you 
and I, if we are Christians, are bound to 
do Christ's work in Christ's way. Christ 
said, when asked as to his teachings, that 
he spoke openly to the world in the syna- 
gogue and in the temple, and that in se- 
cret he said nothing. No man can be a 
secret society man and follow the exam- 
ple of Jesus Christ. — Northfield Echo. 


Influential Catholic clergymen and 
laymen are planning the consolidation of 
all Catholic societies in the United States 
Into one great union, subject to central 
direction, so that they may all work to- 
gether for the accomplishment of any 
special object, political or otherwise. In 
reference to the project, Bishop McFaul, 
of Trenton,. N. J., says : 

"In a recent letter to the National 
Convention of the Ancient Order of Hi- 
bernians, I suggested a union of our so- 
cieties, saying: 'It seems to me our so- 
cieties, composed of Catholics, should 
endeavor to touch at certain points, so 
that, while each retains its identity and 
pursues its own aims independently of 
other organizations, there may be a bond 
of union, enabling them, in given circum- 
stances, to exert concerted influence. 
This influence should be felt in our State 
Legislature and in the National Con- 
gress wherever bigots attempt the inva- 
sion of our rights.' " 

This is a far-seeing policy, designed to 
compel political parties to accede to all 
demands of the church, at the risk of los- 
ing the solid Catholic vote of the country. 
The possibility of the church being com- 
pelled to return to the Filipinos a portion 
of its accumulated wealth is the cause of 
this organization, which will in the near 
future figure conspicuously in the over- 
throw of the fundamental principles of 
this government, destroying liberty of 
worship ,and consummating a union of 

Church and State. The predictions in 
regard to such a union in this country are 
fulfilling every day, and this consolida- 
tion of all Catholic societies is destined 
to be one of the greatest factors in its ac- 
complishment. — C. M. S., in "The Signs 
of the Times," July n, 1900. 

Thos. Wildey, the founder of Odd Fel- 
lowship in America, died October 19th, 
1 86 1, aged 79. 

Where To Locate ? 


ana Nashville 

the Great Central Southern Trunkline 




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Printed matter, maps and all information free. 

Address, R. J. WEMYSS, 

General Immigration and Industrial Agent. 

Mention this paper. 



Revised Odd-fellowship Illustra- 
ted. Cloth, #i.oo: paper cover, 5octs. 
The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
ampment and Reb 

ly illustrated, and 

campment and Rebekah (ladies) degrees, profuse- 

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guaranteed to be strictly ac- 

acter of the order, over one hundred foot-note 
quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
alysis of each degree by ex-President J. Blanchard. 
This ritual corresponds exactly with the "Charge 
Books" furnished Dy the Sovereign Grand Lodge. 

Revised Rebekah Ritual j (Illus- 

Revised and Amended Official "Ritual for 
Rebekah Lodges, published by the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge I. O. O. P.," with the Unwrit- 
ten (secret) work added and the official 
"Ceremonies of Instituting Rebekah Lodges 
and Installation of Officers of Rebekah 
Lodges." 25 cents; dozen, $2.00. _^^,^ 

Odd-fellowship Judged by its own 

utterances; its doctrine and practice 
examined in light of God's Word. By 
Rev. J. H. Brockman. Cloth, 50c; pa- 
per cover, 25c. 

This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus- 
sion of the character of Odd-fellowship, in the form 
of a dialoaue. 

Good Templarism Illustrated. 25c. 

A full and accurate expjsition of the degrees of 
the lodge, temple and council. 

Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Re- 
vised and enlarged edition, 40 pages, 
paper, 25c. 

An Illustrated Ritual of the Nobles of the Mys- 
tic Shrine. This is a Side Masonic degree con- 
ferred only on Knights Templar and on Thirty 
wo degree Masons. 

Look to the East A ritual of the 
first three Masonic Degrees by Ralph 
Lester. Cloth, $2.00. 
Notwithstanding the high price this book is 
very inferior in every way to Freemasonry Illus- 
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quarter the price. 

Scotch Rite riasonry # illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., cloth, $1.00; paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entire 
Scottish Rite, comprising all the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
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3rd to 18th inclusive. 

Voi. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
iuclu9ive, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass- 
arotda item i«* to 33m tf*«ree inr»uswe 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and 
other secret societies, by Rev. J. Sar- 
ver, pastor of Evangelical Lutheran 
church, ioc. tach. 

This is a very clear argument against secretism of 
all forms and, the duty to disfellowship Odd-fel- 
lows, Freemasons, Knights of Pythias and Gran- 
gers, is clearly shown by their confessed character 
as found in their own publications. 

TheONew York Tribune 

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A Peep into an American Castle 201 

Ancient Order of United Workmen— An 

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The Lord's Prayer 207, 

M. E. Church Conference .208 

A Mutual Aid Society 209 

The Trend in the United States— Govern- 
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seph 213 

News of Our Work— New England An- 
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P. Stoddard, Rev. W. B. Stoddard, Rev. 
P. B. Williams, Rev. J. R, Wylie, Rev. 

Wm. Fenton, Mr. Frank E. Noe 219-225 

Table Talk 225 

From Our Mail— Appeal for Help; Our 

Foreign Letter .227 

Voices from the Lodge 228 

Newspapers and Reforms .229 


President— Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Aurora, 


Vice President— Rev. H. J. Becker, Dayton, 

Recording Secretary— Mrs. Nora E. Kel- 
logg, Wheaton, 111. 

General Secretary and Treasurer— William 

I. Phillips, 221 West Madison street, Chicago. 

Auditors— Herman A. Fischer, P. Moerdyke 



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The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



2ii West Madison Street, Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second clas 

Some of our readers will be gratified to 
see the beginning of the publication in 
this number of the Ritual of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. You will 
especially note the religious phase of this 
insurance order, as further evidence of 
Satan's system of disintegrating the 
Church of Christ. 

Our readers will find the renunciation 
of Freemasonry, by Dr. Joseph, in this 
number, of more than ordinary interest. 
The refusal of O' Fallon Lodge, No. 576, 
A. F. & A. M., to assist a sick and worthy 
brother, will be noted, but the most strik- 
ing comment on the boasted charity of 
Masonry is to be seen in the effort of 
this lodge to deny that the doctor was a 
member of the lodge, notwithstanding he 
held their receipt for dues, and had been 
reported to the Grand Lodge as a mem- 
ber, and had issued to him by O'Fallon 
Lodge a "Traveling Certificate," "to the 
Glory of the Grand Architect of the Uni- 

No wonder that John Wesley exclaim- 
ed : "What an amazing banter upon all 
mankind is Freemasonry." 

The October number of the Cynosure 
seems to have met a hearty reception with 
some of our friends, at least. Rev. John 
Collins, whose report of the General Con- 

ference of the M. E. Church has been so 
widely copied from the Cynosure into 
other papers, writes, "The October num- 
ber of the Cynosure is a grand one. Please 
send me as many extra copies as you can 
for $1.00." We expect to have in the 
December number a report of Brother 
Collins' summer campaign. 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard writes from Bos- 
ton, "I like the October Cynosure very 
much." Rev. W. B. Stoddard writes that 
he has heard many commendations of the 
Cynosure of late, and that Rev. F. H. 
Myer, pastor of one of the large churches 
in Dayton, Ohio, says that he has been 
especially pleased with its contents dur- 
ing the past year. 

The date to which each one's Cynosure 
is paid appears on the little yellow tab 
pasted on the wrapper, which is often 
torn off and thrown away without being 
noticed. Will not our readers take spe- 
cial pains to notice the date to which 
their magazine is paid, and will not those 
whose subscription has expired, please 
remit at once. 


IT may be that not all of our readers 
have been in the home of a many times 
millionaire; if they have not they may 
enjoy, as the writer did, a peep into such 
a. home. 

A short time before Mrs. Potter Palmer 
of Chicago went to the Paris Exposition to 
represent our country on the Board of 
Commissioners, sne opened her house for 
a reception to the working girl's clubs of 
the city. 

The writer was so fortunate as to have a 
friend in one of the working girls and was 
invited by her not only to attend the re- 
ception but to ride to the castle in an au- 

Both invitations were gladly accepted, 
for new experiences are welcome if they 
promise to be interesting, as thesu did. 



November. 1900. 

Our automobile stopped for our party of 
four at my friend's office. There was quite 
& little snow on the ground, and after 
starting off in fine style we suddenly came 
to a halt on one of the principal business 

The great doors opened as by magic and 
we entered fairy land. 

The great circular entrance hall into 
which the principal rooms of the house 
open was indeed grand, with its marble 
floors, generous fireplace, carved columns 

Potter Palmer's American Castle, Chicago. 

Evidently we were stuck in the snow, 
and what seemed an interminable time we 
sat in our strange conveyance while the 
admiring multitude gazed upon us and 
questioned as to why we didn't drive on, 
etc. ; while all the time our little engine 
was working away so furiously we were in 
constant dread of being blown up. Our 
rescue was finally effected and we went on 
our journey with such increased speed we 
were in alarm now for fear our machine, 
which was headed toward the lake, was 
running away with us into that great body 
of water; but turning to draw up to our 
destination in proper style, we again came 
to a sudden halt in snowbank number two. 

This time the little engine's efforts were 
futile and we were ingloriously dragged out 
with ropes furnished by a kind-hearted 
man in the sympathetic crowd that had 

By this time we were thoroughly glad to 
leave our automobile and its novel experi- 
ences and ascend the massive stairway 
leading to one of Chicago's finest resi- 

and great palms scattered about among 
beautiful statuary, all delicately colored by 
soft lights and shades from the stained 
glass windows above. 

Passing under heavy curtains we stepped 
into the splendid library on the right. 

Here were shelves upon shelves of choice 
books and magazines, the luxurious chairs 
and lounges inviting one to tarry and en- 
joy their treasures as well as to feast the 
eye upon the beautifully carved woodwork 
and delicately painted walls and ceiling. 

Opening out of the library was the beau- 
tiful Louis XVI. parlor, and in the exqui- 
site beauty of it all we were simply lost. 

The decorations were gold and white. 
Rare works of art hung on the walls and 
art treasures stood on marble mantles and 
richly carved cabinets. 

Soft rich rugs gave no hint of the marble 
floor beneath and the delicately upholstered 
chairs and tete-a-tetes were altogether too 
beautiful to sit upon. 

It was in the midst of all this beauty 
that the lovely mistress of the castle came 
to greet her guests and to graciously enter- 

November, 1900. 



tain them with a history of this picture 
and that art treasure. 

Eagerly we followed her along marble 
corridors, graced with palms and beautiful 
statues, to the art gallery, where hangs, 
it is said, the finest collection of pictures 
in this country. 

Our hostess moved from picture to pic- 
ture, pointing out some beauty here, a pe- 
culiarity there, or giving a bit of personal 
history from the life of the artist, or per- 
haps taking us with her into some foreign 
court where she had been as royally enter- 
tained as though a queen herself — which 
she was in very truth. 

Her delighted audience hung upon her 
every word, for they were just hungry for 
beautiful things and had so little with 
which to satisfy their desires. 

The walls and ceilings of the great art 
gallery were crimson, and the lavish dis- 
play of bright rugs and flowers, couches 
and cushions, suggested the richness and 
luxury of royal splendor. 

At one end of the room marble steps led 
up to a smaller gallery. 

Here, amid rare pictures and tapestries, 
and overlooking the great gallery, our hos- 
tess entertains her friends at large ban- 

And we can well imagine that when the 
massive table is set with its gold and sil- 
ver dishes, its rare flowers and shaded 
lights, and the richly dressed guests are 
gathered about and soft music accom- 
panies speech, that it is indeed a brilliant 

From the art gallery we were gracefully 
invited by our hostess into the dining- 
room, where refreshing ices and cakes were 

This room was spacious and lofty, and 
richly carved sideboards displayed the rar- 
est of table decorations. 

Passing through an oriental reception 
and music room we came to the conserva- 
tory, where, through vistas of stately 
palms, tropical shrubbery and beautiful 
vines we looked over blue Lake Michigan 
but a few steps away. 

It was getting late, and reluctantly we 
turned our backs upon the light and 
warmth and beauty of this magnificent 
home, bearing away with us as perhaps 
our pleasantest memory that of its charm- 
ing mistress who is interested in the work- 
ing girl and indeed in all humanity, and 
whose warm heart impels her to ever lend 
a helping hand and to share her many ad- 
vantages with those who are less fortunate. 
—The National Rural. 


A postal card brings word to the Cy- 
nosure of the departure of an earnest 
friend and corporate member of this As- 
sociation, the Hon. C. B. Knight, of 
Worcester, Mass., who entered into rest 
Oct. 7, 1900. As the reapers depart we 
should pray the Lord of the harvest to 
send others. The need is great. 


Greeting: The Supreme Lodge, at its 
twenty-third stated meeting, convened in 
the city of Chicago, 111., June 11, 1895, 
having adopted the following Ritual, I do 
hereby, by virtue of the authority vested 
in me, officially promulgate the same as 
a Ritual of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, and direct that all rituals here- 
tofore in use be discarded from and after 
the date hereof. 

Given under my hand and the seal of 
the Supreme Lodge, the 20th day of Au- 
gust, A. D. 1895. 

(Signed.) Joseph E. Riggs, 

Supreme Master Workman. 
Attest : 

(Signed.) M. W. Sackett, 

Supreme Recorder. 

(Editor's Note.— The Official Seal 
shows an open Bible, and the words : "Su- 
preme Lodge — A. O. U. W.") 

tie cor J er 






VKorH mn 




The station of the Inside Watchman 
will be on the right of Foreman, if there 
is a lodge room door on that side. If not. 
it will be on the left of the Foreman. 



November, 1900. 

Instructions to the Master Workman of the 

Rule i. All pass words are to be given 
in a whisper. 

Rule 2. The Master Workman alone is 
the person to communicate the semi-an- 
nual pass word, or cause it to be com- 
municated to members, or to visitors, 
when an order is presented by a visitor. 

Rule 3. Visitors should be examined by 
a committee appointed for that purpose. 
If found to be in good standing in their 
subordinate lodge, they shall be admitted 
to seats in the lodge. 

Rule 4. After making signs the hand 
will be brought to a natural position. 

Rule 5. Voting. When the vote is to 
be taken by ballot, the Master Workman 
will instruct the Guide to prepare the box 
and present it to him for inspection. The 
Master Workman then states to the 
Lodge that a vote is about to be taken 

upon the application of Mr. for 

membership of this lodge. White balls 
elect; black balls reject. The Master 
Workman then deposits his ballot and the 
Guide presents the box to the Foreman, 
who casts his ballot under the sign. The 
Guide then places the box upon the altar, 
by the side of the Bible and casting his 
ballot under the sign returns to his sta- 
tion. The brothers then vote one at a 
time, commencing upon the right of the 
Master Workman, each casting his ballot 
under the sign by taking the ballot in the 
left hand and giving the sign with the 
right, and while giving the sign deposits 
the ballots. When all have voted, who 
desire, the Master Workman declares the 
ballot closed and the Guide presents the 
box to the Foreman, who inspects it, and, 
rising under the sign, announces that 
"the ballot is favorable" or "unfavorable." 
The Guide will then present the box to 
the Master Workman, who will examine 
it and confirm the declaration of the Fore- 

(In no cases will the Master Work- 
man or Foreman announce the number 
of black balls cast.) 

Note. — The Master Workman, when 
the ballot-box is presented to him by the 
Guide, should examine the secret com- 
partment to see if it is free from all bal- 
lots and that there are sufficient white 
and black balls in the box to insure se- 
crecy. After announcing the result, the 

Master Workman should remove the bal- 
lots from the secret compartment and 
distribute them, in case one or more 
black balls have been cast. 

General Directions. 

If you would make workmen, do your 
work like workmen. 

It is essential, in order to produce an 
impressive effect upon the candidate, that 
the officers should memorize their sev- 
eral portions of the Ritual. The Odes 
should be sung, if possible, to the music 
on the ode cards, or other appropriate 
tunes. In case they are not sung, the 
proper officers should read them, but in 
no case should they be omitted. 

In conducting candidates, or in other 
ceremonies, always turn square corners ; 
never march in a circle. During the open- 
ing and closing ceremonies, the reading 
of the minutes, and while conferring de- 
grees, the members should remain quiet. 
No signs should be given by any one un- 
til after they have been exemplified in 
the opening ceremony. 

The Guide should see that badges are 
ready in the anteroom, Bible on Altar, 
emblems by the side of the Bible, odes 
distributed, and officers' badges at their 
stations before the lodge is opened. Mem- 
bers entering the lodge room, when lodge 
is open, will proceed in a direct line from 
the door of entrance, down the side of the 
hall to a point in line with the front of the 
altar, where they will file right or left, as 
the case may be, to the" front of the altar, 
halt, and face Master Workman, give 
salutation sign, and, when answered, 
take their seats. They will retire in the 
same way, viz., proceeding from seat to 
a point in line with altar, filing to altar, 
give salutation sign, after answer file 
right or left, turn square corners to door 
of exit. 

All members must enter and leave 
when lodge is in session in clue form, 
which means the proper approach to the 
altar and the giving of the salutation sign. 

The voting sign is only used in voting 
upon a question and never at the altar. 
The sign used at the altar is the saluta- 
tion sign. 

The Master Workman is responsible 
for the Lodge Rituals and must deliver to 
his successor the number delivered to 

November, 1900. 



Opening Ceremony. 

Master Workman (standing) — "The 
Lodge will come to order. Officers will 
take their positions. Brother Foreman, 
will you see that the Lodge now is se- 

Foreman (standing) — "Brother Inside 
Watchman, you will see that the Outside 
Watchman is at his post, that the outer 
door is closed, that all persons leave the 
ante-room, and instruct the Outside 
Watchman to permit no one to enter dur- 
ing the opening or closing ceremonies, 
during conferring of degrees, or when 
the minutes are being read." 

Inside Watchman (performs duty and 
reports) — "Brother Foreman, the Out- 
side Watchman is at his post, the outer 
door is closed and the ante-room is 

Foreman — "Master Workman, all is 

Master Workman — "Brother Guide, 
examine those present in the semi-annual 
and degree pass words." (Degree pass 
word : "Temple.") 

Guide gives pass words in a whisper to 
the Master Workman and the grip, then, 
commencing upon the left of the Master 
Workman, takes up the semi-annual and 
degree pass words and the grip from each 
member. Each member will rise when 
giving the pass words and grip to the 
Guide. The Guide must report to the 
Master Workman any one present with- 
out the pass words, and send him to the 
Master Workman for instruction. At 
the close of this examination the Guide 
from his station says : 

Grip.— Grasp right hand with first finger on 
knuckles between first and second fingers of 
the brother, letting your forefinger slip over 
the second finger of the brother. 

Guide — "Master Workman, all present 
are entitled to seats in the Lodge." 

Master Workman — "Brother Over- 
seer, what are your duties in the Lodge ?" 

Overseer — "To have charge of the Al- 
tar, assist in the initiation of candidates, 
and perform such other duties as the laws 

Master Workman — "Brother Fore- 
man, what are your duties in the lodge ?" 

Foreman — "To assist you in the per- 
formance of your duties, to have charge 
of the inner door, and in your absence to 
preside over the lodge." 

Master Workman — "Brethren, it is my 
duty to preside over the Lodge and gov- 
ern its deliberations, to promote harmony 
and to labor for the prosperity of our or- 
der. I ask your earnest co-operation and 
assistance. * * * We will now sing 
our opening ode." 

Opening Ode. 

Brother workmen, let us render 
Unto God our Father dear, 

Grateful praise for care so tender 
And the joy of meeting here. 


Let us raise our hearts and voices 
In a song of grateful praise, 

For his love each heart rejoices: 
He hath blest us all our days. 

May our work be comprehended 

And its purpose true endure: 
Let its mission be extended, 

Guided by its motives pure. 


Let us pledge unto each other 
Charity and truth and love, 

And we ne'er shall lack a brother, 
And at last shall meet above. 

Past Master Workman — "Almighty 
God, we thank thee for the blessings 
showered upon us and our order. Grant 
that each of us may do his duty with an 
eye single to thy glory, and the welfare of 
this fraternity. Bless all our brothers, 
whether present or absent. Unite us to- 
gether firmly in the bonds of a common 
purpose — the advancement of our order. 
Let brotherly love prevail in our coun- 
cils, and every social and moral virtue 
abide with us, and unto Thy name be all 
glory and honor. Amen." 

Brethren respond — "Amen." 

Master Workman — "Brethren, give 
the signs of the order, observing the 

The Overseer will step down from his 
station, advance to the Altar, open the 
Bible atl. Cor. 13, place the emblems (an- 
chor and shield) on the Bible, about face 
and march to a point immediately in front 
of Foreman's station, halt, face about, 
and exemplify the signs, naming them as 
follows : 

Salutation Sign.— Raise right arm to right 
angle, place hand open over the heart, return 
to right angle, drop arm to the side. 



November, 1900. 

Toting Sign.— Raise hand to level with face, 
back of hand toward Master workman. 

Recognition Sign.— Raise right hand, grasp- 
ing left lapel of coat, hold there a short time 
and drop to side again. 

Master Workman — "Brother Over- 
seer, what is the distress word?" (Over- 
seer answers.) 

Master Workman — ''What is the an- 
swer?" (Overseer answers.) 

Master Workman — "Brethren, what 
are the watchwords of our order?" 

All present answer — "Charity, hope 
and protection." 

Master Workman — "In their name I 
now declare this Lodge open in the 
Workman degree, and ready for busi- 
ness. Advance the sign." (Salutation 

The Overseer remains in front of the 
Foreman's station until the Lodge is de- 
clared open, when he will right face, 
march to the side of the hall, file left and 
return to his station. 

The Inside Watchman will admit all 
brothers who give the correct alarm and 
degree pass word, reporting to the Fore- 
man only those who are without the 
word, and also visitors. 

Note. — The general recognition sign is 
alike common to the A. O. U. W. and the 
Degree of Honor. 

Closing Ceremony. 

Master Workman — "There being no 
further business we will close the Lodge. 
Brother Financier, what are the receipts 
since our last meeting?" 

Financier — "Beneficiary fund, ; 

general fund, ; other funds, 

(naming them) ; total receipts, ." 

Master Workman — "Have the receipts 
been turned over to the Receiver ?" 

Financier — "They have, and I hold 
the Receiver's receipt for the same." 

Master Workman — "Brother Record- 
er, what are the disbursements since our 
last meeting?" 

Recorder — "Beneficiary fund, ; 

general fund, ; other funds (naming 

them), ; total disbursements, ." 

Master Workman — "You will enter the 
receipts and disbursements on the min- 
utes of the Lodge." 

Master Workman — * * * "Breth- 
ren, we are assembled here to-night in 
the name of Charity, Hope and Protec- 

tion, and in their name we now depart. 
May Charity mold our speech and guide 
our way. May hope inspire us with noble 
thoughts and urge us on to heroic deeds. 
May the protection guaranteed by the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen be 
our pledge of security amid the trials and 
dangers of human life. We will now sing 
our closing ode." 

The following will be sung by all pres- 
ent, or spoken by the Foreman : 

Closing Ode. 

Gracious Father and giver of good, 
Whose eternal protection we own, 

Now unite us in true brotherhood, 
And to each let thy favor be shown. 


We will stand for the right, 
Never fearing to dare or to do. 
~We will stand for the right, 

Faithful workmen, united and true. 
Let thy presence attend us as we part, 

Our protection and guide ever be, 
In fraternity join every heart 
And forever unite us to thee. 
Past Master Workman — "Almighty 
God, we ask thy blessing as we are about 
to separate. Go with us, guide us, and 
receive us at last. Amen." 

All present will respond — "Amen." 
Master Workmen — "Brother Over- 
seer, you will attend at the Altar. Brother 
Guide, you will collect the Rituals and 
Odes/" ' 

The Overseer will remove the em- 
blems and close the Bible, while the Guide 
collects the Rituals and Odes. 

Master Workman- — "I now declare the 
Lodge closed until its next regular meet- 
ing, which will be on evening" (giv- 
ing date). 

(Continued in December Cynosure.) 

Editor the Loyal Guard: 

A good time is in store for the lady mem- 
bers of Subordinate Division No. 1, Knights 
of the Loyal Guard. Arrangements are about 
complete for an entertainment and pedro 
party to be given at the hall of Division No. 1, 
Monday evening, Oct. 17, to which the ladies 
are invited to spend a few hours with the 
Sir Knights. Suitable prizes will be awarded 
the winners at cards. 

"Suitable" is rather vague ; why not tell 
just how high the stakes are? 



November. 1900. 





"The Knight's position is well taken." 
says an October correspondent. What 
that position was appeared in a quotation 
from this lodge organ in September. It 
retorted that complaint of lodge rejection 
of the Lord's name from prayer was in- 
consistent when made by those who used 
the Lord's prayer. The October corre- 
spondent endorses both charges : holding 
the lodge guilty because it forbids the 
use of Jesus' name even in prayer : and 
holding lodge opponents inconsistent 
when they also reject and dishonor the 
Lord, by using the Lord's prayer and ob- 
serving his direction: "After this manner 
pray ye." He considers this position 
"well taken." and believes that using the 
Lord's prayer is rejecting the Lord. 

Our September note represented it as 
ill taken, and to that we refer, meanwhile 
repeating here a few sentences found dis- 
connected there, where we said: '"To 
quibble about mere iteration is to evade 
the real issue. It is one thing tacitly to 
assume, and another to ignore, the me- 
diatorship of Christ. The point is not 
that the name is not constantly repeated. 
but that it must never be spoken. The 
objection is that to allude to Jesus Christ 
is a lodge crime. The objection is not 
that the name is not always used, but that 
it can never be used. If some church 
should make that rule, the same minister 
would then make the same objection.''' 

The position taken by the Knight, that 
consistency with the above view requires 
never praying, with Christ as recognized 
mediator, but with his name not formally 
pronounced, and that consistency de- 
mands repetition of his name by lodge 
critics "in everything they say or do," is 
not logical, is not sensible, and is not well 

The Translated Prayer. 

It might slip past the attention of an 
inadvertent reader that the prayer given 
at the foot of the second column of page 
188 of the October Cynosure is another 
though similar prayer found in Luke, al- 
though the title at the head of the column 
is, "The Lord's Praver." which would 

seem to refer to the prayer regularly used 
under that title and found in Matthew. 
Whatever may be said of it as a rendering 
of the prayer in Luke, we would be sorry 
to leave any young reader confused by 
the idea that this prayer, thus translated, 
furnishes a rendering of the one com- 
monly recognized as "The Lord's 

The writer speaks of "what is called 
the Lord's prayer," and in the next sen- 
tence says : "The prayer worded in our 
vernacular would read." immediately giv- 
ing his version oi the prayer in Luke, and 
not of "what is called the Lord's prayer" 
in ordinary cases and regularly used un- 
der that name. That it would justify such 
a title is certain, but to introduce it in 
this way, in an article of the kind in ques- 
tion, seems to involve the danger of lead- 
ing some reader to think that the other 
prayer, which holds the title, is thus to be 
revised. The writer did not quite say 
that, and certainly it would not be true. 

The phrase, "worded in our vernacu- 
lar" — as if the prayer in any English ver- 
sion had been translated into anything 
besides our vernacular — might seem to 
introduce an attempt at exactness or-Hter- 
alness in translation. Yet the more literal 
and critical English versions retain the 
phrase "indebted to us," for which "'of- 
fend us" is here substituted. This change 
seems to sacrifice literalness and lack 
critical reason. The received Greek Text 
and the ordinary English version have 
''indebted to us," as well as these critical 

Earlv in the article an argument is 

based on the word "kingdom"' in its con- 
nection : in the translation "reign" takes 
its place, with, perhaps, some sacrifice of 

Every English translation we have 
seen renders the prayer into "our ver- 
nacular," but we incline to credit some 
with making the vernacular more corre- 
spondent to the Greek and more service- 
able as a conveyance for the real mean- 
ing. However, this does not affect the 
caution not to take the October transla- 
tion as an attempt to revise what is com- 
monly learned and used as "The Lord's 
Prayer." For that we turn not to Luke 
but to Matthew, and to the day when 
Jesus delivered the Sermon on the 
Mount, not to the later time. 



November, 1900. 

An Alleged Misnomer. 

On page 188 of the Cynosure for Sep- 
tember a contributor says that the title, 
Lord's Prayer, applied to Luke 1 1 : 2, is 
a misnomer. He does not appear to 
mean by this that the title ought to be 
restricted to its regular application to 
that prayer which the one in Luke re- 
sembles, and which is found in Matt. 6: 
9-13, in the Sermon on the Mount. This 
is the one which is constantly used and 
regularly called "The Lord's Prayer." 

Any prayer which Jesus framed, for 
his own use or that of others, ought to be 
recognized as his. To refuse it this honor 
would be almost irreverent or profane. 
The writer transfers the title to John 17, 
where it justly applies, but no more per- 
haps than elsewhere; for instance, in 
John 11, where our Lord's prayer at the 
tomb of Lazarus is recorded. 

As we use the prayer given his disci- 
ples to use, we naturally speak of that 
one among our prayers distinctively as 
the Lord's, and of others as our own. To 
call the title thus used a misnomer, would 
be a misuse of the word misnomer. 

It would be an unreasonable hypercrit- 
icism that would carp at such titles as 
Bryant's Thanatopsis, Longfellow's 
Psalm of Life, Solomon's Proverbs, Da- 
vid's Psalms, or the Lord's Parables. A 
title in the possessive form properly indi- 
cates authorship. Our Lord framed this 
prayer, he gave it to his disciples, he di- 
rected its use. Every petition it contains 
is the natural expression of a Christian 
desire; and there seems to be no suffi- 
cient reason, drawn from fact or lan- 
guage, why the prayer should not be 
gratefully retained, devoutly used, and 
lovingly called the Lord's Prayer. . 

no sorrows come, and where nothing an^ 
noys, but all is peace and joy in the Holy 
Ghost. Mrs. J. A. Krum. 

Rev. James A. Krumm was born Sept. 
27, 185 1 ; finished this life's work April 
30, 1900, at Hudson, Steuben County, 
Indiana, aged 48 years 7 months and 3 

Early in life he gave his heart to God 
and his hand to the U. B. Church ; five 
years he traveled as an itinerant minister. 
His last work was in the temperance 
cause. He has gone to that home where 


Epworth League Day 

(From Los Angeles, Cal., Herald.) 
"A sensation was created at the Meth- 
odist conference yesterday, during the 
convention of the Epworth League. 

"I IT. Dysinger, in an address before 
that body, declared that the State Univer- 
sity did not teach the true religion, but 
left the students of that institution both 
skeptical and doubtful. He declared that 
gaming and frivolities were the present 
curse of the world, but prophesied that 
the Epworth League would, in a few 
years, cause a great change in social con- 
ditions. He said : 

* * * * * * * 

' 'If, however, the social life of the Ep- 
worth League is made what it should be, 
in five years not 25 per cent of the lodges 
and clubs would be able to exist, and in 
ten years 90 per cent of the money spent 
in those places would go into the church. 
We plead for the reformation of the spir- 
itual life and of the intellectual life, from 
the university down to the log-cabin 
school house.' " 

The speaker named above is mistaken. 
It is not the social life of the Epworth 
League that is at fault. And, however 
much its social life may be im- 
proved, it can not reduce the lodges 
75 per cent, or at all, by such 
means. The lodges are spiritual 
centers where prayer and praise is of- 
fered to the god of this world, and he 
can only be dethroned and his followers 
rescued by the power of the "sword of the 
Spirit," which is the Word of God pro- 
claimed by spirit-filled men. The light 
has been poured into these lodges. We 
know what they are, and what they do, 
and why they hold men loyally to the 
lodge. Let Epworth Leaguers show 
what the lodges are by the Word of Rev- 
elation, and many will be saved by the 
"foolishness of preaching," but not by 
competing with the social life of the 

November, 1900. 




The following story, told by Rev. 
James P. Stoddard, of Boston, illustrates 
one of the vices of secret orders. 

"I was in the Palmer House, Chicago, 
discussing Odd Fellowship with a mem- 
ber of the order, when my opponent, hav- 
ing abandoned his first claim of benev- 
olence, took the ground that it was a 
mutual aid society. Judge Zearing, after 
listening for a time turned and said to 
the gentleman, 'I think you are right, and 
I recall a case in point.' 

" 'Some years ago, when practicing in 
Bureau County, I had a client who had 
been arrested for selling liquor unlaw- 
fully in the city of Princeton. My client 
was extremely anxious that I should se- 
cure a certain man on the jury . I did so. 
He was elected foreman, and the case 
went to trial. The evidence against my 
client established his guilt beyond ques- 
tion, and I had no hope or desire for his 
escape. The jury retired, and after a 
brief delay, brought in the verdict, Not 
Guilty. I expressed my surprise to my 
client when we were by ourselves, and he 
informed me in confidence that the man 
whom he was so anxious to have on the 
jury was a brother Oddfellow, and said, 
"I knew when w r e got him in we were all 

* 'Since that occurrence I have never 
doubted that Oddfellowship was a Mu- 
tual Aid Society, and I have seen very 
much in the courts indicating that Free- 
masonry is often used for the same pur- 
pose.' " 


A Political Church. 

Boston, May 11.— The Ancient Order of Hi- 
bernians to-day elected national officers. 

Bishop James A. McFaul, of Trenton, who 
sent a long letter, said, among other things: 

"I shall direct your attention to a question 
which I believe should be taken up and 
prosecuted with energy. The Catholic popu- 
lation of New Jersey is rapidly approaching 
one-third of the population of the State. We 
should have a proportionate representation 
on the boards of management of public insti- 
tutions. This, however, we have never had. 
and, although we are better off here as re- 

gards freedom of worship in public institu- 
tions than in some States, we are, neverthe- 
less, far from possessing that full exercise 
of our religion which we should enjoy. 

Not a New Party. 

"Let me not be misunderstood. I have not 
the remotest idea of advocating a Catholic, a 
German or an Irish party in America. If we 
were organized can it be supposed for a mo- 
ment that the present administration would 
have passed over in silence the outrages 
against religion perpetrated in the Philip- 

"We are entitled to a greater number of 
chaplains in the army and navy. Catholics 
have poured out their blood like water on 
land and sea under the flag of their country, 
and the least they can ask is that when the 
'warrior's soul is about to meet the warrior s 
god' they shall receive the consolations of 
that religion which has planted patriotic as- 
pirations in their hearts. 

"Let the A. O. H. take a determined step in 
this matter; let them take part in forming a 
general organization of all societies composed 
of Catholics, irrespective of nationality, so 
that in our State legislatures and in the na- 
tional Congress the voice of Catholics may 
be heard with effect when there is question 
of our religious rights under the constitution 
or the redress of grievances."— New York 
Evening Journal. 

This is undisguised counsel to the Hi- 
bernians to be active as a secret political 

The Catholic Church has had for years 
in Washington, our national capital, "The 
Papal Indian Bureau/' for the purpose 
of lobbying in the interests of the Pope 
and his church. 

The power of this Bureau and of the 
Catholic Church in politics is to be great- 
ly augmented. The following is taken 
from the "Morning Star," Catholic paper 
of the diocese in which Xew Orleans is 
situated : 

Since Rt. Rev. Bishop McFaul, of Trenton, 
first agitated a national organization of 
Catholic societies, the matter has been deep- 
ly discussed throughout the breadth and 
length of the land. And it seems now that 
there is a possibility of its realization. 

The Catholic Young Men's National Union, 
which met in New York, Wednesday, decided 
to form a federation of Catholic societies for 
the purpose of influencing legislation in the 
interests of Catholics, and to further the 
claims of such as embrace the faith. The 
plan is an excellent one, and one which, if 
properly conducted and carried out, will do 
an immense amount of good. If Catholics 




November, 1900. 

need one thing more than another, it is sure- 
ly a union of societies, the members of which 
will help one another. At the meeting held 
in New York, it was adopted that a conven- 
tion of Catholics be held in New York city 
on Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 29. 

Among the many Catholic societies which 
are expected to send delegates are the An- 
cient Order of Hibernians, Young Men's In- 
stitute. Young Men's National Union, Catho- 
lic Verein, Knights of Columbus, Knights of 
St. John, Benevolent Legion, Knights of 
America. Irish Benevolent Union, Total Ab- 
stinence Union, and others of less promi- 




In the little we have to say on this im- 
portant subject, we desite to be clearly 
understood ; therefore we shall define the 
terms ''citizen" and "secret societies,'' 
before proceeding to an examination of 
the topic. Webster defines the term "cit- 
izen" as, "Any native-born or naturalized 
person of either sex, who is entitled to full 
protection in the exercise and enjoyment 
of the so-called private rights." In our 
Free Methodist Book of Discipline, on 
page 29, may be found what I regard as a 
very clear definition of "Secret Societies." 
It reads thus, "Any society requiring an 
oath, affirmation, or promise of secrecv 
as a condition of membership, is held to 
be a secret society." 

With these definitions before us we 
shall endeavor to examine the teachings 
of a few secret societies, note the essen- 
tial unity of them all, and their bearing on 
some of the principles of the Declaration 
of Independence, the Constitution of the 
United States, the laws of our land, the 
church of God, and the citizen. And, sec- 
ond, we shall briefly notice some things 
indispensable to good citizenship. Let 
us, then, inquire into the teachings of a 
few secret societies, for it is evident that 
it would be inexpedient in a brief paper 
like this to attempt to examine the teach- 
ings of all secret societies, for their name 

is legion. 

An Essential Unity. 

We first call attention to Freemasonry. 
The candidate seeking admission into its 
so-called mysteries is met by the Wor- 
shipful Master, who addresses him thus : 
"You are now standing before the sacred 
altar of Freemasonry for the first time; 
but before proceeding any further in 
these solemn ceremonies, it becomes my 
duty as Worshipful Master of this lodge,, 
to inform you that it is necessary for yott 
to take upon yourself a solemn oath or 
obligation pertaining to this degree. It 
is one such as we all have taken, but I as- 
sure you upon the honor of a man and a 
Mason that in this obligation there is 
nothing which can conflict with any of 
those exalted duties you may owe to God r 
your country, your neighbor, your fam- 
ily, or yourself." 

A part of an oath of an entered appren- 
tice reads as follows : "Binding myself 
under no less a penalty than that of hav- 
ing my throat cut across, my tongue torn 
out by its roots, and buried in the rough 
sands of the sea at low-water mark, where 
the tide ebbs and flows twice in twenty- 
four hours, should I ever knowingly or 
willingly violate this my solemn oath and 
obligation as an Entered Apprentice Ma- 
son. So help me God, and keep me stead- 
fast in the due performance of the same." 

The oath of a Fellowcraft Mason 
reads : "Binding myself under no less a 
penalty than that of having my left breast 
torn open, my heart plucked out, and 
given as a prey to the wild beasts of the 
field and the fowls of the air, should I ever 
knowingly or willingly violate this my 
solemn obligation as a Fellowcraft Ma- 
son. So help me God." 

The Master Mason's oath contains : 
"Binding myself under no less a penalty 
than that of having my body severed in 
twain, my bowels taken from thence and 
burned to ashes, and the ashes scattered 
to the four winds of heaven, so that no 
more trace or remembrance may be had 
of so vile and perjured a wretch as I, 
should I ever knowingly or willingly vio- 
late this my solemn obligation as a Mas- 
ter Mason," etc. 

Now, if Freemasonry really means to 
carry out its penalties of death, in the hor- 
rid mutilation of the bodies of its refrac- 
tory or repentant members, then it is no 
better and no worse than the Molly Mc- 

November, 1900. 



Guires, the Ku-Klux Klan, or the Thugs 
of India. But if it does not mean to in- 
flict its horrid penalties for the so-called 
violation of any of its pretended secrets, 
it is without controversy the most wicked 
blasphemy on the face of the earth ; be- 
cause it compels its candidates to call up- 
on God to "help them and keep them 
steadfast in the due performance" of that 
which it has no power to do and which it 
does not even pretend to do. Freemason- 
ry then is either positively illegal or else 
positively blasphemous. And in either 
case, it directly conflicts with a man's 
duty. For if a Mason lives in strict obe- 
dience to his obligations, he is bound to 
commit murder if Masonic law be en- 
forced; for he swears to have his own life 
taken, under certain contingencies ; and 
so, by implication, to take the life of an- 
other. Hence it follows that the assur- 
ance he received before taking the obliga- 
tion was a deliberate falsehood ; that the 
condition upon which he assumed it was 
a snare, a deception and a fraud. For the 
candidate is told, "upon the honor of a 
man and a Mason," that in the obligation 
"there is nothing which can conflict with 
any of those exalted duties" he "may owe 
to God," his "country," his "neighbor," 
his "family," or "himself." 

In the Entered Apprentice degree, Ma- 
sonry speaks of its lodge thus: "This 
Worshipful Lodge, erected to him (God) 
and dedicated to the Holy Saints John," 
etc. It places God and Saint John on the 
same level. 

Again, "The three great lights in Ma- 
sonry are the Holy Bible, Square and 
Compass." It places the useless pagan 
symbols of the Compass and Square on 
an equality with God's Word. 

Now, in this brief examination of the 
teachings of Masonry, and in the light of 
historical facts we are prepared to say 
that Freemasonry is guilty of murder, ly- 
ing, deception, fraud, blasphemy and 
idolatry. Mormonism, Clan-na-Gaelism, 
and Jesuitism, are of the same stripe. 

Much might be said of the false princi- 
ples of Odd Fellowship, and the minor se- 
cret orders, but we must hasten to notice 
the essential unity of secret orders. 

They all demand either an oath, affir- 
mation, or promise of secrecy. The 
spirit of selfishness, clannishness and am- 
bition runs through them all ; to a large 

extent the spirit and aim, principles and 
measures, means and methods are one ; it 
is claimed by every secret organization, 
of which we have any knowledge, thaj; 
they exert a purifying and elevating influ- 
ence, and that the initiated constitute a fa- 
vored and superior class. Their work is 
carried on under the cloak of some relig- 
ious tenet. All secret organizations claim 
to be benevolent, but some deny all the 
benefits of membership to the feeble, the 
infirm, the aged, the poor, all women, and 
all who do not have a visible way of mak- 
ing a living. A fundamental principle of 
all lodges is : "Let us form a secret com- 
bine of the strong, the prosperous and the 
influential, and raise a fund to assist any 
member that shall fall into decay. Let us 
possess the principal offices and business, 
and allow the poor and the old and the 
helpless, to whom we deny these opportu- 
nities, by our compact, perish in their 
own infirmity.", Such is the character of 
the institutions that pose before the world 
as great benevolent societies. The real 
oneness of Masonry^ Clan-na-Gaelism, 
Mormonism, Jesuitism and the- ancient 
mysteries is seen in the infliction of the 
death penalty on the initiated who divulge 
their secrets. Many of the minor orders 
punish with expulsion, disgrace and per- 

Constitutionally Wrong. 

Secret societies are opposed to our 
Declaration of Independence, the Consti- 
tution of the United States and the laws 
of our land. The Declaration of Inde- 
pendence reads : "We hold these truths to 
be self-evident, that all men are created 
equal; that they are endowed by their 
Creator with certain inalienable rights ; 
that among these are life, liberty and the 
pursuit of happiness." And we also read 
from the Constitution of the United 
States : "No title of nobility shall be 
granted by the United States," "Congress 
shall make no law . . . abridging the 
freedom of speech, or of the press." Arti- 
cle Eight of the Amendments says, 
among other things : "Nor cruel and un- 
usual punishments inflicted." Article four- 
teen : "No State shall make or enforce 
any law which shall abridge the privileges 
or immunities of citizens of the Lmited 
States ; nor shall any State deprive any 
person of life, liberty or property with- 
out due process of law, nor deny to anv 



November, 1900. 

person within its jurisdiction the equal 
protection of the laws." 

The whole system of secret societies is 
founded on human selfishness, and is, 
therefore, opposed to the equality of man. 
Designing men have used secret societies 
to deprive their fellows of "life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness." Witness 
the murder of Morgan by the Masons of 
New York, the murder of Forgie by the 
Masons of Canada, and the murder of 
David Brownlee, of Illinois. 

x\gain, secret societies contravene the 
Constitution of the United States in 
creating such titles of nobility as the gov- 
ernment itself cannot create. These are 
Masonic titles: "Worshipful Master," 
"Sovereign Master," "Perfect Master," 
"Grand King," etc. 

Again, they violate the Constitution by 
a combined effort to prevent "freedom of 
speech and the freedom of the press," 
when directed against them. William 
Morgan was murdered for exposing Ma- 
sonry. The following is the testimony of 
Rev. J. R. Baird, of Pennsylvania, subse- 
quent to his renunciation of Masonry : 
"My own life has been one of steady and 
vigilant watchfulness since I renounced 
what is called Freemasonry. My house 
has been surrounded, but failing of suc- 
cess in my case, they have had resort to 
the meanest measures of persecution that 
barbarians can invent. My home has been 
in places where my business has been de- 
ranged, my interests opposed, and my 
character assailed ; and curses without 
measure have been poured out upon me 
for forsaking and exposing the vile sys- 
tem of piracy." 

Again, the Constitution is opposed to 
"cruel and unusual punishments." Secret 
societies subject their victims to the most 
cruel deaths, and most barbarously mu- 
tilate man's body, which is God's temple. 
(I. Cor. 6 : 19, 20.) Again, they deprive 
men of "life," and "liberty withoue due 
process of law," and hinder those who 
oppose them from securing the "protec- 
tion of the laws." Hence they are opposed 
to the Constitution and the laws of our 

Let Masonry be judged out of its own 
mouth. Robert Morris, 33d degree, note 
on page 240 Webb's Monitor, says : "It is 
the covenant that makes the Mason." 
Again, on the same page, "No law of the 

land can affect it, no anathema of the 
church can weaken it." This covenant, 
then, according to Masonry, is above all 
civil or ecclesiastical authority.. T. C. 
Pierson, on Traditions of Freemasonry, 
page 30, says : "If we would be Masons 
we must yield private judgment." Morris 
says : "The first duty of the reader of this 
synopsis is to obey the edicts of the 
Grand Lodge, right or wrong." 

Once more: "Not only do we know no 
north, no south, no east, no west, but we 
know no government save our own. To 
every government save that of Masonry, 
and to each and all alike we are foreign- 
ers. We are a nation of men bound to 
each other only by Masonic ties, as citi- 
zens of the world, and that world the 
world of Masonry ; brethren to each other 
all the world over; foreigners to all the 
world besides." Judged by its own utter- 
ances Masonry is an outlaw. 

Secret societies interfere with the equal 
distribution of justice. It is almost im- 
possible, under their influence, to have 
justice fairly administered. B. T. Rob- 
erts once said: "If a secret society can 
succeed in getting just one man, obstinate 
and partial in the jury box, where the in- 
terests of that lodge to which he belongs 
are concerned, or any of its members, the 
ends of justice are defeated." Again he 
has truly said :"Never in the darkest ages 
of the world, under the most despotic 
government, has a worse tyranny been 
exercised than is practiced by secret so- 
cieties in this country. In their conflict 
with the civil law, they rob men of their 
right to win bread by honest labor except 
at their dictation. They say when men 
may work, and when men must be idle. 
They prevent men from using their God- 
given rights." Call to mind, as proof of 
this statement, the sympathetic labor 
strike of 1893. The business of the coun- 
try was paralyzed from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific ; many lives were lost, and 
much property destroyed. 

Secret societies are a foe to the Church 
of God. They have robbed her of much 
wealth, and of a large percentage of her 
membership. Many pay heavily to the 
lodge, and nothing to the church. The 
lodge monopolizes much time that ought 
to be given to God's cause. Masonry in 
spirit and practice is anti-Christ. It mu- 
tilates the Bible and expunges the name 

November, 1900. 



of Christ from every prayer and every 
passage of Scripture in which it occurs, 
wherever that passage is copied into the 
Masonic text-books. (See "Masonic 
Oaths,'' page 69.) 

But in the face of all this, Masonry 
claims to be a religion. (See Mackey's 
Lexicon of Freemasonry, page 404.) 
"The religion, then, of Masonry is pure 
theism, on which its different members 
engraft their own peculiar opinions; but 
they are not permitted to introduce them 
into the lodge, or to connect their truth 
or falsehood with the truth of Masonry." 
This is what the candidate swears to sup- 
port in the second section of the Master 
Mason's obligation. Therefore he swears 
to "deny the Trinity, to reject Revelation, 
to ignore Christ, and to disbelieve in the 
Holy Ghost;" because that is precisely 
what pure theism means ; a belief in a 
God, but a rejection of Revelation, and 
hence a rejection of the Trinity. 

Masonry rejects the Bible. In the Di- 
gest of Masonic Law, by Chase, page 
206, we have these words, "To require 
a belief in the divine authenticity of the 
Bible or in a state of future rewards and 
punishments is a serious innovation on 
the very body of Masonry." In the light 
of these facts, we pronounce Masonry, 
and all kindred secret societies, a foe to 
the church of God and a blight on Ameri- 
can citizenship. 

In conclusion, I call your attention to 
some things indispensable to good citi- 
zenship. In order to this, one must live 
in harmony with the principles of the 
Declaration of Independence, the Consti- 
tution of the United States, and the laws 
of our land. But we have found by inves- 
tigation that secret societies are in prin- 
ciple and practice out of harmony with 
the above mentioned fundamental pre- 
requisites of good citizenship. There- 
fore, we believe, with Wendell Phillips : 
That "every good citizen should make 
war on all secret societies, and give him- 
self no rest until they are forbidden by 
law and rooted out of existence." 

"One peculiar feature obtaining in this 
rite is that disciplinary action in the 
lower body does not take effect in the 
higher body until it is acted thereon, and 
thus we differ in a material manner from 
the American or York Rite, so-called." 

"Many of the" (Scottish Rite) "degrees 
were quite old degrees at the time of the 
organization of the Rite of Perfection in 
1758, some of them being known in 1713, 
so that we have a reasonably fair claim to 
the word 'Ancient' in our title." 

§ttthx#' tettmomea. 

(Editor's Note. — It is now more than a year 
since I first became acquainted with the his- 
tory of Dr. Sebastian Joseph, formerly a pro- 
fessor in the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, St. Louis, Mo. Dr. Joseph was a 
member of O' Fallon Lodge, No. 576, A. F. & 
A. M., of O'Fallon, 111., but a short distance 
from St. Louis. 

It seems that brother Masons in St. Louis, 
O'Fallon, Denver and Georgetown, Colo., 
have in different ways revealed to Dr. Jo- 
seph what the real brotherly love and charity 
of the Masonic lodge is. Certain brother 
Masons sought to break up Dr. Joseph's 
home for a cash consideration, and others to 
satisfy their passions. One reason that the 
Cynosure has not published the facts is that 
there was such a mass of evidence and orig- 
inal documents that it seemed impossible to 
find room for them. Now that a condensa- 
tion has been made, the publication will be 
begun. The original letters and other Ma- 
sonic documents copied herein are in my 

In March, 1899, I wrote to Dr. Horace W. 
Soper, of 909 North 19th street, St. Louis, a 
reputable physician of that city, a letter of 
inquiry as to the character and standing of 
Dr. Joseph. The following was received in 

March 18, 1899. 
Mr. Wm. I. Phillips, Chicago, 111.: 

Dear Sir— Yours of the 14th inst. inquiring 
of Dr. S. Joseph, duly received. I have 
known him for the past twelve years. He is 
all right in every respect. He is perfectly 
honest and upright and his abilities as a man 
and a physician are of the highest order. He 
stood high in the medical profession here, 
and was compelled to leave his business and 
college connections, because of ill health. His 
lungs were affected and he could not live in 
this climate. I have had business relations 
with him and have always found him to be 
perfectly honest. I do not know what he 
is worth now. but I know while here he 
saved money and managed his affairs well. 

I consider him to be worthy of every con- 
fidence. Very truly yours, 

H. W. Soper. 



November, 1900. 


Wife and Children Stolen, Home Desecrated 
and Desolated — Renunciation of Lodge 
Obligations by Dr. Sebastian Joseph. 

To the Worshipful Master of O' Fallon- 
Lodge, No. 576, A. F & A. M., O'Fal- 
lon, Illinois : 


I write to state that the Masonic lodge 
is nearer a hell than anything earthly that 
I can conceive of, if hell is a place of tor- 
ment, and the disposition of its inmates is 
to render each other miserable. 

It would be unfair to state- that all Ma- 
sons are corrupt, for there are to be found 
in the lodge men of sterling worth, noble, 
honest, fair and square in their dealings 
with their fellowman, and for this class of 
men I have high regard. 

But I find myself associated, as a Ma- 
son, with the strangest medley of decent 
men and drunkards, blackguards, loaf- 
ers, gamblers, whoremasters, rowdies, 
liars, thieves, cowards and murderers, 
heaven-daring, conscience-hardened vil- 
lains, wreckers and despoilers of homes, 
the aiders and abettors and accessories of 
such that the "All-Seeing Eye" ever look- 
ed down upon. 

Renunciation and Reasons. 

Disgusted and ashamed of such asso- 
ciates, I now renounce and abandon 
Freemasonry for the following reasons : 

1. Because Thomas Furlong, of the 
Furlong Detective Agency of St. Louis ; 
Thomas Fauntleroy, of the law firm of 
Fauntleroy & McDonald, of St. Louis; 
E. J. Crandal, of Clifton Springs, N. Y. 
(all of whom are Masons), did aid and as- 
sist Lucy J. Green and Louis H. Green 
in alienating my wife's affections and per- 
suading her to desert me in St. Louis in 
March, 1897. 

2. Because said Fauntleroy advised 
how to wreck our home and prevent me 
from locating or recovering my family, 
advising that they be removed from the 
State of Missouri, and taken to the home 
of E. J. Crandal, at Clifton Springs, N. 
Y., there to be kept in seclusion. All 
this he did regardless of his Masonic ob- 
ligations to a brother Mason and of the 
awful consequences to myself which fol- 

3. Because Thomas Furlong in person 
managed the stealing away of my fam- 

ily, after lying in wait until I left my home 
to perform my daily duties as a physician. 
4. Because all of these men knew and 
admitted that the whole affair . was a 
shameful outrage. 

6. Because not only was my home 
wrecked, for some four weeks, but my 
dear little boys, who had just recovered 
from pneumonia and bronchitis' shortly 
before, were away, I knew not where at 
the time, causing me untold anxiety, men- 
tal suffering and indescribable agonies, 
all of which preyed upon me to the extent 
of wrecking and breaking down my 
health, and in a short time after I devel- 
oped consumption. 

7. Because this wrecking of my home 
was done without one plea of justification 
on the part of the above-named Masons. 

8. Because at the time my home was 
wrecked by these gallant gentlemen, I 
had demitted from O'Fallon Lodge for 
the purpose of becoming a member of 
Occidental Lodge in St. Louis, but I now 
applied to O'Fallon Lodge for re-elec- 
tion and was re-elected to membership so 
that I could carry into execution my in- 
tention of bringing Thomas Furlong, 
Thomas Fauntleroy and E. J. Crandal 
before the altar of Masonry to explain 
their shameful conduct Masonically. But 
to my amazement I was advised by high 
Masons to take no action in the matter, 
because these men "stood well" Masoni- 
cally, and nothing could be done to bring 
them to justice, regardless of what they 

For the first time it dawned upon me 
that Masonry was not what I had been 
led to believe it was, and while I decided 
to let the matter rest, I also resolved that 
in the future I would watch the Institu- 
tion closely, and if ever again they med- 
dled in my domestic affairs I would probe 
the matter to the bottom, and if I found 
that Masons could do all that had been 
done, and, in fact, anything they chose, 
regardless of their Masonic obligations, 
and violate with impunity those solemn 
pledges, and yet "stand well," etc., I de- 
termined to renounce the Institution. 

9. Because at the time my home was 
wrecked in St. Louis I was in good 
health, prosperous, a member of the fac- 
ulty of the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, with a brilliant future before 
me, honored and respected by all who 

November, 1900. 



Dr. Joseph and his Boys. 

knew me, except these vile confederates. 

10. Because when I was bedfast in 
O'Fallon, 111., with consumption, Andrew 
Moore, Worshipful Master of O'Fallon 
Lodge, 'No. 576, came to my bedside and 
informed me that the lodge desired to as- 
sist me when it became necessary, as they 
knew it surely would, and asked me to 
accept it, at the same time gave me a trav- 
eling certificate, and urged me to use it 
wherever and whenever I desired, and 
since I had decided to go to Denver, with 
a hope of regaining my health, he stated 
that the lodge would write to a lodge in 
Denver and ask that I be properly looked 
after and cared for. 

But I had been in Denver but a short 
time when the demons and fiends again 
began their hellish work — a secret corre- 
spondence between my wife and her for- 
mer confederates. I captured one of the 
letters, its contents plainly showing that 
they were again planning, with my fool- 
ish wife, another separation, and my wife 
was to steal away from me with the chil- 
dren and return to St. Louis ; this they 
knew would soon end my existence, for 
I was bedfast, and to be separated from 
my little pets would enhance a fatal issue. 
In consequence of all this and the con- 
duct of my wife, I was forced to separate 
from her to prevent her from carrying 
their plans into execution. xAiter I had 
been away from her for about two weeks 
she made proper adjustment of the mat- 
ter and entreated me most pathetically to 
return to her and forgive her, which I 

Now, this separation was eagerly 
seized upon by W. D. Steele, treasurer, 
and H. P. Steele, president, of the Ma- 
sonic Board of Relief of Denver, as a 
means of trumping up excuses whereby 
they could place my good name in jeop- 
ardy and deprive me of assistance, so a 
most vicious assault was made upon me, 
under Masonic auspices, through the 
press of Denver. 

11. Because various press articles were 
brought to the notice of this Board of Re- 
lief by W. D. Salter, who knew all about 
their publication and prejudiced the 
Board against me ; W. D. Salter also sent 
press articles along with letters to O'Fal- 
lon Lodge, and they, too, became preju- 
diced against me, and accordingly wrote 
me under seal of lodge that they could 
not assist me, that their treasury was 
empty ; when it is well known among Ma- 
sons that a Masonic lodge treasury 
should never be empty to sick Masons in 
distress, even though there be not a dol- 
lar in the till. The wealth of the mem- 
bers of O'Fallon Lodge is little, if any. 
less than five hundred thousand dollars. 
They refused to honor the "traveling cer- 
tificate" given me but a short time before. 

12. Because W. D. Salter admitted 
having written to O'Fallon Lodge, but 
denied it to Grand Master Cromwell 
Tucker. O'Fallon Lodge denied to me, 
under seal of lodge, that they had received 
any communication from W. D. Salter, 
but admitted to others having received 
the same. And on June 14th, 1898, 
O'Fallon Lodge wrote the Board of Re- 
lief that I was in good standing, but had 
never "affiliated" since joining, when 
they knew they were deliberately and ma- 
liciously falsifying, for on June 30. 1898. 
in their annual report to the Grand 
Lodge of Illinois, they reported me an 
"affiliated'' Mason. 

13. Because O'Fallon Lodge did not 
only countenance this shameful treat- 
ment accorded me by the Board of Relief 
of Denver, but encouraged it and abso- 
lutely without cause or justification, and 
when I wrote O'Fallon Lodge and asked 
that an investigation be made and jus- 
tice placed where it belonged, that I had 
done nothing to warrant the action of A\ . 
D. Salter and others, that I had nothing 
to hide, and desired that charges be 
placed against me if. in their judgment, 



November, 1900. 

they had cause. But they refused to take 
action except to continue to perjure 
themselves to cover the tracks of those 
scoundrels in Denver. I made a second 
request on O'Fallon Lodge to bring 
charges against me, that I might be given 
an opportunity to prove myself, but again 
they refused to act in my behalf. 

14. Because I personally called on Grand 
Master Cromwell Tucker, of Denver, 

Colo., and urged him to investigate the 
matter and see that the guilty be brought 
to justice, and appealed to him to see to 
it that charges be sent up against me if I 
had done anything wrong. I made this 
same appeal to Henry P. Steele, president 
of the Masonic Board of Relief of Den- 
ver, but I was denied every courtesy, and 
they, too, refused to investigate or bring 


y- tigi x 

To all free and Accepted Masons Throughout the Globe— Greeting: 

<K^0W Y E > ^ fl/ ouy beloved (3rd. .&.jZ<&^&!&i!^ 

who has signed his name in the margin hereof, is a regular Master Mason of 
&&L££*Z*^ USgeJto dpA^/^d^C^^. 

in the State of..QsL&ZU^<C^~X-4£/" 1 and as such we desire and. recommend 
that he be received and accepted by the Craft wheresoever dispersed over the face 
of the Globe. 

Given under our hands and the seal of the Lodge, 

at (2. lAz^^^-7^^-.. ,im 

..^.^..J&? I day of... t 

the year of Light §8^ ^ 

Ctt^i W.M. 

November, 1900. 



Hall of O'Fallon Lodge, No. 576, A. F. 

& A. M. 

O'Fallon, 111., May 30, 1898. 
Dr. S. Joseph, Denver, Colo. : 

Dear Sir and Bro. — I am instructed to 
write you that our treasury is empty and 
that our constitution and by-laws forbids 
the levying of assessments ; thus you see 
the lodge is unable to assist you. 

Speaking for myself (although I am 
heavily in debt), I would gladly subscribe 
to a fund for your relief, and I will see 
what can be done among the members of 
the lodge. 

I am glad to know that you are on the 
road to recovery. Banish your troubles 
as much as possible, and you will come 
out all right. Fraternally yours, 

(Seal.) F. W. Wade, Sec. 

strongly to the sympathies of the mem- 
bers. Therefore I am unable to say what 
will be done. Fraternally yours, 

F. W. Wade, Sec. 

Hall of O'Fallon Lodge, No. 576, A. F. 

& A. M. 

O'Fallon, 111., June 14, 98. 
Dr. S. Joseph, Denver, Colo. : 

Dear Sir and Bro. — The delay in an- 
swering your letter of June 4th was 
caused by awaiting the action of the 
lodge, which met in special communica- 
tion last evening to consider your letter 
and a communication from "The Mason- 
ic Board of Relief." 

Considering the Traveling Certificate 
granted you: In the first place we vio- 
lated our laws by granting you the cer- 
tificate ; secondly, there is nothing in the 
card whereby you are recommended to 
apply in an itinerant manner to lodges for 

The lodge has never received a letter 
from Bro. W. D. Salter. Bro. E. H. 
Smiley received a letter from him, but I 
have not seen the letter, and know noth- 
ing of its contents. 

You ask for a copy of constitution and 
by-laws, which I mail you under separate 

You ask about the first, second and 
third duty of Bro. Salter. There are two 
sides to all questions, and no doubt Bro. 
Salter thought he was doing right. I 
suppose he knew nothing of your family 
trouble prior to your leaving your wife. 

In regard to aiding you, I am instruct- 
ed to inform you that the lodge can do 
nothing, owing to its financial condition. 
As to individual subscriptions, the tone 
of your letter does not appeal very 

Denver, Colo., June 17, i\ 
To H. P. Steele, Pres. Masonic Board of 

Relief : 

Dear Sir and Bro. — I am in destitute 
circumstances. I have a wife and two 
children dependent upon me for a living 
and no means by which I can provide for 
them ; am sick and helpless. I am a Ma- 
son in good standing and belong to 
O'Fallon Lodge, No. 576, of O'Fallon, 
111. Extreme necessity is all that com- 
pels me to ask assistance of our order at 
this time. My address is 2849 West 23d 
avenue, at this time. If I cannot have 
any assistance, kindly give me reasons, 
if any there be. Fraternally yours, 

S. Joseph. 

Denver, Colo., June 28, '98. 
H. P. Steele, Pres. Masonic Board of 

Relief : 

Dear Sir and Bro. — On June 17, '98, I 
wrote you a letter, setting forth my con- 
dition, and also asked you to give cause, 
if any there be, for depriving me of as- 
sistance. Thus far I have received no re- 
ply to this letter, and unless I receive a 
reply by return mail I shall take it that 
you will not assist me, and that you have 
no cause whatsoever for so doing. Fra- 
ternally yours, S. Joseph. 

My address remains unchanged. 

Denver, Colo., June 28, 1898. 
S. Joseph, Esq. : 

In reply to your letter of to-day, I will 
state that, after receiving your letter of 
the 17th I conferred with other members 
of the board and then requested the sec- 
retary to call upon you and render any 
necessary assistance. 

The secretary called immediately and 
was informed by Mrs. Joseph that you 
were not in any distress at present, but 
was assured by her that she would inform 
him, if necessary to do so. 

I received a letter from O'Fallon 
Lodge, June 14, stating that you had 
never affiliated with that lodge since join- 
ing, and that, owing to financial condi- 
tions, could not help you. Our board here 
is for temporary relief, and can only act 



November, 1900. 

on request of your home lodge. Very re- 
spectfully, Henry P. Steele. 

Georgetown, Colo., Sept. 5, '98. 
Mr. A. Moore, W. M. O'Fallon Lodge, 

No. 576, A. F. & A. M. : 

Dear Sir and Bro. : Will you please 
state through your proper officer, under 
seal of O'Fallon Lodge, whether I am an 
affiliated Mason in good standing. 

Also supply me with a list of the mem- 
bers of O'Fallon Lodge. Yours, etc., 

S. Joseph. 

O'Fallon, Sept. 10, 1898. 
Dr. S. Joseph, Georgetown, Colo. : 

Dear Sir — Yours of Sept. 5th has been 
received and your request has been spe- 
cially noted. I fail to comprehend your 
desire in this manner, inasmuch as it is 
centainly contrary to Masonic custom. 
Every Mason is, or should be, personally 
aware of his standing and his personal 
ability to prove that among other breth- 
ren, is the only Masonic evidence of the 
fact that I know of. 

I trust that you and yours are well and 
doing well. Fraternally yours, 

Andrew Moore, W. M. 

Georgetown, Colo., Sept. 15, '98. 
Mr. A. Moore, W. M. O'Fallon' Lodge, 

No. 576, A. F. & A. M. : 

Dear Sir and Bro. — Your letter of 
Sept. 10 received. It is in no wise a re- 
ply to my letter of Sept. 5, which asked 
for legitimate information, to which I 
have a perfect right to be possessed. I 
therefore ask you a second time to an- 
swer my letter of the above date, and give 
me the desired information. Fraternally, 
etc., S. Joseph. 

Georgetown, Colo., Oct. 3, 98. 
Mr. Andrew Moore, W. M. O'Fallon 
Lodge, No. 576, A. F. & A. M. : 
Dear Sir and Bro. — On Sept. 5th I 
wrote you asking for certain information, 
on Sept. 15 I wrote you a second time for 
the same information ; as yet both letters 
remain unanswered ; I ask you again to 
give me the desired information. * * * 

Unless I am placed in possession of the 
desired information promptly, I shall 
proceed to learn from the Grand Lodge 
of Illinois by what authority I am de- 

prived of every Masonic right, benefit 
and privilege. Fraternally, etc., 

S. Joseph. 

O'Fallon, Oct. ' 10, 1898. 
Dear Sir and Bro. — In reply to yours 
of Oct. 3, you are respectfully advised 
that your letter of Sept. 5th was prompt- 
ly answered and all information possible 
was given you. Your letter of the 15th 
was not answered, for the reason that it 
was virtually a repetition of your request 
of the 5th. Your request of the 3d inst. 
is entirely without precedent and beyond 
reason. No lodge can comply with it, 
and no Grand Lodge would sustain such 
demand. We must confine ourselves 
strictly to our rules and laws. Respect- 
fully your friend and brother, 

Andrew Moore. 

Bloomington, 111., Sept. 13, 1898. 
S. Joseph M. D.: 

Dear Sir and Bro.: Yours of the 31st 
of August received. As to your ques- 
tion whether or not you are an affiliated 
Mason, will say that, according to the 
laws of Illinois, you are, or, at least, were, 
on the 30th day of June last, as shown by 
the annual return of O'Fallon Lodge, 
No. 576. I have received no notice to- 
the contrary since. Fraternally, etc., 
J. H. C. Dill, Gr. Sec. 


A Mason who had been under suspension 
several months for non-payment of dues died, 
and after his death, on the same day, his 
friends went to the secretary of the lodge 
and paid the amount for which he stood sus- 
pended, and then requested that the lodge 
should bury him with Masonic honors, which 
was accordingly done. Was it a lawful Ma- 
sonic proceeding? 

A brother's standing in Masonry at the 
time of his death cannot be changed. The 
payment of the amount of dues for which 
he stood suspended by a friend after he 
was dead, no more removed the penalty 
of suspension than it again put the breath 
of life into his body. The Masonic fu- 
neral in this instance was in violation of 
Masonic law on the part of the lodge, 
and was also a violation of his installation 
vows on the part of the Worshipful Mas- 
ter who conducted the ceremonies. — Se- 

November, 1900. 



Jteli of Q^^Z^^^-:. I^e, flo..dpA..Ji. p. Uf\.f[\. 

le/4ei .£<£>fa?^^ ...^r^r^r/^^T.. 

> ^£^c*^ Lodge, No. 42^- £r. 

ToDnnto .s^kr..fe3T. *££ 2W^ $/.'~^p, , 

: £L^r^- ^~*^^5^W ^^L^rf^... 

ReenveA payment, ^ y 

- -....<£L.^^fc 

1km of ®ur Pori 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard writes that the 
New England Annual Convention will 
be held Dec. 19th in the Park Street Con- 
gregational Church. His report in this 
number of the Cynosure will be read with 
much interest, and we trust that many 
will plan to attend this convention in De- 

The National Christian Association 
held a convention October 29th and 30th 
in the Second United Presbyterian 
Church of New Concord, Ohio, which 
Secretary W. B. Stoddard worked up 
and managed. He had the assistance in 
the convention of Rev. P. B. Williams, 
Rev. Dr. Becker, Rev. Dr. Thompson 
and others. The prospects were good, 
but the Cynosure went to press before an 
account of the convention was received. 

A private letter under date of Oct. 3d 
from Rev. P. B. Williams says, "I roast- 
ed the lodgites Sunday night at Spring 
Creek, in Miami County, Ohio. They 
were out in full force. I will be there 
again next Sunday night, if the Lord 
wills." Any desiring the services of 
Brother Williams in giving information 
on the effects of secret societies on indi- 
vidual character, or home or state, or that 
desire to hear his protest that Jesus 
Christ is the only "name under heaven 
given among men whereby we must be 
saved," can address him at Quincy, Ohio. 

Rev. J. R. Wylie, well known for his 
efficient labors in Iowa and Missouri last 
year, has been unfurling the N. C. A. 
banner this fall in New York State. He 
has given two addresses in Hamilton and 
one in Flackville, N. Y., and is now labor- 
ing in Sterling Valley, N. Y., where he 
may be addressed during this month. 
Previous to going to New York he gave 
an address in Vallard and Glenwood, 
Minn., and also at Pligh Point and North 
Grove, Mo. 

Rev. Wm. Fenton has been preaching 
steadily in St. Paul, Minn., and is able to 
secure occasionally a subscriber to the 

Mrs. M. Rull, whose recent testimony 
in the September number, on "Why I left 
the Rebekah Lodge," interested the Cy- 
nosure readers, is bearing her testimony 
in her home circle and is cheered by some 
happy successes. 

Mr. Frank E. Noe, whose labors as a 
colporteur have now extended over a 
wide extent of country, sends for some 
five thousand tracts, and writes, "I think 
these Lodge Lamps, properly distribut- 
ed, are a deadener to the lodge." He real- 
izes that one who does this work must 
have Divine courage to stand for the 
truth. He says, "I am satisfied that noth- 
ing will do more to kill secret societies 
than to let the members know that every- 
body knows their secrets and that we 
know that we know them." 



November, 190& 

Mr. Linn H. Nies, of Lititz, Pa., be- 
came very much interested in the Cyno- 
sure by having it presented to him by 
the Y. M. C. A. Secretary. Members ob- 
jected to its being placed in the reading- 
room, and Mr. Nies was the gainer. He 
has kept it circulating among the minis- 
try and others that were not well ac- 
quainted with the facts. He has done 
much good in a quiet way. 

The minutes of the Norwegian Luther- 
an Synod for this year contain an excel- 
lent paper by Rev. A. J. Lee, of Lake 
Mills, Iowa, on Secret Societies. This 
very able paper will have a wide reading 
and influence among this people. It is 
understood that the National Christian 
Association is advertised in these min- 
utes by our Lutheran friends, which kind- 
ness gives us pleasure, and it is hoped 
will be helpful to them. 


There was a meeting of the Board of 
Directors of the National Christian As- 
sociation, on Monday, October 226., at 
which the interests of the work of the As- 
sociation in various lines was prayerful- 
ly considered and all measures for the 
alvan cement of the work were unani- 
mously agreed to. The meeting was not 
only harmonious, but very encouraging. 
The resignation of Mr. Peter Sinclair 
from the Board of Directors was accept- 
ed. It was also voted to strike the name 
of Mrs. Edward Ronayne from the Cor- 
porate membership roll of the Associa- 
tion, as per her request. Looking back 
over the six months of the present fiscal 
year, it was noted with pleasure that the 
Cynosure had given excellent satisfac- 
tion. It was gratifying to the Board to 
know that so many Christian workers 
had received sample copies. Among these 
were all the secretaries of the Young 
People's Free Baptist Union, as well as 
all of the pastors of the same church ; all 
of the Congregational pastors of the Uni- 
ted States, some five thousand ; and some 
fifteen hundred prominent members of 
the Friends', as well as pastors of other 
denominations. About 150,000 pages of 
tracts have been distributed, mostly in 
Iowa, New Hampshire, Ohio, Minneso- 
ta, California, Michigan, Illinois, Ne- 

braska, Kansas and Wisconsin. Through 
the distribution of tracts, pamphlets and 
Cynosures many homes in every State in 
the Union have been reached. Attention 
was called to the work of Mr. Hitchcock 
in New York and Illinois, Rev. Wm. 
Fenton in St. Paul, and Rev. P. 
B. Williams and W. B. Stoddard in 
the East and West. All rejoiced in the 
good work going on in New England un- 
der the wise and able leadership of Rev.. 
J. P. Stoddard. The General Secretary,, 
in addition to his work in the office, and 
the editorial management of the Cyno- 
sure, has visited various places in Illinois, 
Wisconsin, Michigan and Iowa, besides 
making two visits to Dalton, Ga., in the 
interest of the general work. 



On Train from Fostoria, Ohio, Oct. 17, 


Dear Cynosure : I was sorry that my 
last report was mislaid, as it told of sev- 
eral important meetings, not the least 
being my visit to the camp-meeting of 
the Christian Church people in Kreider's 
Grove, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania. 
I was there the guest of honor. Many- 
pastors at this meeting assured me of a 
welcome when I could visit their 

For the past month my work has 
been in Pennsylvania and Ohio. In 
Pennsylvania I touched at Huntingdon 
and Altoona, en route to Blair County. 
Seven addresses were given at Roaring 
Spring and near Martinsburg, in Men- 
nonite and German Baptist churches. 
The success of these meetings was large- 
ly due to Elder J. W. Durr, who had 
thoroughly advertised and prepared for 
my coming. 

I have been voted a hearing in several 
churches in that section when I can re- 
turn. As our work was entirely new to 
this people, there was more than usual 
talk among the lodge people, some of 
whom admitted that I gave the facts. 

A Sabbath at Scottdale found me in 
pulpits of the United Presbyterian and 
Mennonite churches. Brethren Berg,. 
Pritts, Loucks and others there are al- 

November, 1900. 



ways ready to help. May the Lord bless 
them. A few new names were added to 
our list in Allegheny and Pittsburg, old 
friends helping as they have so kindly 

Ohio State Convention. 

I was compelled to decline invitations 
to speak there that I might hasten to this 
State and prepare for the Annual Conven- 
tion which goes this year to New Con- 
cord, a college town in the eastern section 
of the State. I am confident that this gath- 
ering is to be large and a great blessing 
to those privileged to attend. So far as 
seen the pastors of the town and vicinity 
promise support. I spoke to full houses 
in the First and Second United Presby- 
terian Churches. There are nearly two 
hundred young people in the live and 
growing U. P. College in New Concord. 
The president will help in getting their 
full attendance. I am now hastening 
back to Concord from a run through the 
State. I have been west as far as Dayton, 
stopping at Zanesville, Utica, Columbus, 
Cedarville and Xenia. Bro. P. B. Will- 
iams and Dr. Becker, of Dayton, will, D. 
V., be with me. They are a convention 
sure. Bro. Thompson, of Utica, will give 
ais something good on "Prophecy and Se- 

En route to Fostoria, Ohio, I looked 
in on the college at Lima, Ohio, of which 
our State President Long is head. This 
institution starts on the new year with 
bright prospects. The Cynosure helps 
to educate the students there. 

Elder Moot was found at his home, 
kept and happy. His recent pounding 
and painting by the lodge outlaws at 
Mansfield had not converted him to their 
methods, nor diminished his zeal. He 
spoke highly of the recent meetings held 
by Bro. Williams in his tabernacle. 

Everything was ready for my coming 
to Fostoria. Pastor Paushert, of Zion's 
Lutheran Church, had the lectures well 
advertised. I delivered three addresses 
in this church to full houses. Last night 
I spoke in Mt. Zion United Brethren 
(Radical) Church. I have had a delight- 
ful time, splendid weather, kind friends, 
dinner invitations, and God's blessing. 
Do you want friends as you travel? Be- 
have yourself and you will find the right 
kind. Join the lodge and there will be a 
company of butterflies on hand while 

your money lasts, and then you will be 
expelled for nonpayment. Fifteen fami- 
lies will read the Cynosure as a result of 
this visit. Over ten dollars was given to 
the work in addition. Many questions 
were asked. I spoke three and one-half 
hours Monday evening. Pleasant mem- 
ories remain of these meetings. 

I have heard many commendations of 
the Cynosure of late. Rev. Hecht, Day- 
ton, Ohio, said that the Cynosure suited 
him the best the last year of any year 
that he has had it. He is pastor of a 
large German Lutheran Church. 

A letter from Elder John H. Witmer, 
of Union Deposit, Pa., has just come to 
hand. He writes : "Our Council and 
Church decided that our Church House 
at Hanoverdale is open for you to speak 
on the subject of secret societies." This 
is a large church of the German Baptist 
Brethren faith. I shall go as soon as I 
can. How we need workers ! Would 
that God would raise up more laborers, 
for sure, the "harvest is great." 

W. B. Stoddard. 

P. S. — I forgot to mention my splendid 
reception at the Free Methodist Confer- 
ence, Fairchance, Pa. I had scarcely 
taken my seat until I was voted in as a 
consultative member. The committee 
changed the program so I could have the 
evening audience. The aisles were crowd- 
ed and many stood at the windows. Twen- 
ty new subscriptions were given to the 
Cynosure during the short day I could 
remain. The reports of the ministers all 
had the sound of victory. The growth in 
this new field has been wonderful. No 
drones are wanted among them. Every 
one is expected to get out and hustle. 

W. B. S. 


Greenville, 111., Oct. 9, 1900. 

I see by the last number of the Cyno- 
sure that you desire a statement covering 
my work in the line of anti-secrecy. 

I wish it were possible to report much 
more done than I shall be able to report. 
I have lectured a few times during the 
last year, with evident good results. I 
stand ready to do all I can for the cause. 
I have entered every open door, and am 
ready to accept invitations to deliver the 
lectures within a reasonable distance 


November, 1900. 

from my home. I do not wish to go more 
than 200 miles from home. 

The lectures on "Mythology" deserve 
to be as earnestly heard and appreciated. 
I do not understand just why our N. C. 
A. friends have not opened the way for 
this work, by arranging for meetings and 
inviting me into the field in different 
parts of the country. I have the outfit 
and can do the work if I am wanted, but 
am not disposed to intrude myself. 

I am more and more convinced of the 
evil effects of secret societies on the best 
interests of the individual, the church, 
and the state. 

(Rev.) W. R. Bonham. 


The Divine protection is the ark of our 
safety and the anchor of our hope. No 
storm can whelm or wreck the cause 
that is cherished in the Divine heart and 
covered with the Divine hand. It is be- 
coming that we should first make men- 
tion of his favor, with devout thanksgiv- 
ing, before recounting some of the to- 
kens of his care, and some of the diffi- 
culties to be overcome. 


Continued existence is not to be light- 
ly esteemed. It means much to survive 
in the midst of hungry lions, or devour- 
ing flames, and to come forth without a 
gash in the flesh or odor of fire in the 
garments. As an organic body we have 
escaped the jaws of our jealous adver- 
saries, and no weapon formed against us 
has succeeded. By the grace and favor of 
God we stand stronger in the esteem and 
confidence of Christian people than we 
did one year ago, while the enemy's hope 
of our destruction has diminished in like 
proportion. It hath pleased him "who 
doeth all things well" to close the labors 
of some we loved, but to us has come a 
precious heritage out of the years they 
lived, and should it be, in the Inscrutable 
Wisdom, our lot to follow them as a body 
into the shades of retirement, we have the 
unending satisfaction of having added an- 
other year of united effort to save our fel- 
lowmen from snares spread for them in 
secret, and the privilege of leaving a 
larger and richer bequest to those who 

come after us. "The good that associa- 
tions, as well as men, do, lives after 
them," and the times of both are in His 

Lack of means has not seriously hin- 
dered our work. No one has been per- 
sistently importuned or overburdened to 
meet the current demands of our work, 
and while money actually in the treasury 
has diminished, we are able to look everv 
employe in the face and respond to every 
just demand upon our finances. There 
are means in sight that will more than 
replenish our treasury and add to our fu- 
ture usefulness. Let us never forget that 
the chief end of our existence is not to ac- 
quire and hoard money, but to save souls 
whom Satan seeks to bind and damn in 
the secret lodges, and to cover a multi- 
tude of sins by converting those who have 
been ensnared from the error of their 
ways. Money is a gift from God and 
when not used as a sacred trust is a curse 
to any good cause. 

The year has passed without vexatious 
litigation, which often occurs in the set- 
tlement of estates, or malicious assaults 
upon the character or conduct of those 
who "oppose the devil and all his works," 
whatever may have been the disposition 
of any whose eyes were evil towards our 
movement, the encamping angel has de- 
livered us from all our foes and fears. 

Since the loved are the chastened ones, 
our disappointments should be placed to 
the credit of an overruling Providence 
for our good. Some of us have fondly 
cherished the hope that a home and head- 
quarters might be secured. This was the 
earnest wish of our dear sister Flagg, 
who left her desk and library as memen- 
tos of her hope. At one time our efforts 
gave promise of speedy realization, but it 
was otherwise ordered, and will doubtless 
result in greater good. 

While one door has been closed others 
have been opened. When checkmated 
by superior • numbers, or frozen out of 
the arena of popular discussion, we are 
not compelled to "put our light under a 
bushel." If they will not come to us, we 
may go to them. When denied a temple 
and an audience in Jerusalem, we may 
"go to the dispersed among the Gen- 
tiles." When the Lodge Jezabel rules 
rostrum and pulpit and suppliant Ahabs, 
in. priestly vestments or with sceptered 

November, 1900. 



hands, shut the heavens, bringing lean- 
ness into the churches and fearful calami- 
ties upon the land, still the ministry of Oba- 
diah, who cared for the Lord's persecuted 
prophets, is left to us, while we wait and 
watch for our Elijah returning to Carmel 
and its sequel of retribution at the brook 
Kishon. When church houses close 
their doors, "God's first temples whith- 
er the tribes of Israel go up," extend a 
friendly greeting. No more inviting field 
can be found than at these annual gather- 
ings, which have become so numerous 
and popular with the Christian people of 
New England. Seed sown in such soil 
gives breadth and depth to our work, not 
otherwise easily obtained. 

The Annual Convention for which you 
provided at your last session was held in 
the vestry of Park Street Congregational 
Church, Dec. 19th, 1899, with marked 
results. It was gratifying to see strong- 
men and women coming up to the help 
of the Lord against the mighty, and to 
meet an appreciative audience, listening 
eagerly to the truth. The presence of 
some who entertained views favorable to 
the secret orders, and spoke respectfully, 
added zest to the discussions and aug- 
mented its usefulness. This meeting 
extends as a waymark of progress in our 
work, upon which we may inscribe, 
"Hitherto the Lord hath helped us." 

Our privileges have not been the least 
tokens of Divine favor. If we have in 
any measure been permitted to have fel- 
lowship with Christ in his rejection and 
sufferings, we may count it all joy, since 
his presence makes the "yoke easy and 
the burden light." Riches and fame are 
not synonymous of Divine approval or the 
sure indexes of genuine utility, and the 
God-given privilege of living and toiling 
in a limited and humble sphere is more to 
be coveted by the disciple of the meek 
and lowly One than the splendor of regal 
courts or the acclaims of applauding mill- 

Looking to the Occident — that arena 
of untold possibilities — we see the hori- 
zon aglow with fervent zeal, and astir 
with well-directed activities. The spirits 
of departed saints linger in the work 
which they inaugurated, but "died not 
having received the promise." Their suc- 
cessors fan the flame they kindled and 
over all gleams the "Cynosure" — the 

polar star — set by their hands at the very 
zenith of that prophetic fiat, "Every plant 
which my Heavenly Father hath not 
planted shall be rooted up." To be in 
uninterrupted fellowship and harmonious 
co-operation with such a body of believ- 
ers is no empty honor or meaningless 
omen of the loving oversight of that 
"Good Shepherd," who, "when he putteth 
forth his own sheep goeth before them." 

The little spark emitted from the heart 
and brain of one who has been promoted 
to a higher sphere of activity still sends 
its ray, however feeble, to light the home 
and give the warning to thousands every 
month. The Home Light has now en- 
tered its tenth year. It has proved a still, 
small voice, to give knowledge of our 
work and pioneer the advent of more 
comprehensive literature in many homes. 

The catalogue of blessings might be 
indefinitely extended from this small be- 
ginning. We shall never comprehend 
their magnitude or know their number 
until "The mists have rolled away," and 
in the light of undimmed vision, "we see- 
as we are seen and know as we -are 


Of these much might be truthfully said. 
We shall always come to rough and nar- 
row passes, while urging reforms in this 
world. Real obstructions must be noted, 
however, if we would attain the largest 
success. It is not well, however, to dwell 
too much upon the forbidding and diffi- 
cult in the way. Very much depends up- 
on our point of vision. Walking along 
Pennsylvania avenue you are impressed 
by the massive and imposing structures 
in our capital city. Viewed from the sum- 
mit of the Washington Monument those 
same buildings appear diminutive, and 
the whole city resembles a collection of 
humble habitations. The reality is un- 
changed, but an altitude of 550 feet makes 
a vast difference in the impression re- 
ceived. W'hen viewed from "the secret 
place of the Most High," discourage- 
ments lose their power to intimidate, and 
giant obstructions dwindle into insignifi- 
cant pigmies. 

Public attention has been so thorough- 
ly absorbed in wars, commotions and 
calamities that minor matters have ceased 
to interest and move the people, or to re- 
ceive more than a passing notice. The 



November, 1900. 

whipping, the branding, or even tortur- 
ing and killing of a few men in lodge ini- 
tiations, if noted at all, is quickly put 
aside for the latest intelligence from Af- 
rica, India, China, Galveston, the strik- 
ing miners and the political campaign. 
We are deeply interested in knowing 
what the lodges really are and what they 
are doing, but how many of us pass by 
the war news, skip India, Galveston, the 
collieries and presidential contest to 
search for the latest word from the secret 
empire, when receiving our morning pa- 
pers ? If few of us prefer news of our se- 
cret enemy, what is the reasonably in- 
ferred habit of those who are compara- 
tively indifferent and ignorant of danger 
from this quarter? Men are so consti- 
tuted that they think, and talk, and pray, 
and labor, and give for the cause which 
lies nearest to their hearts and is upper- 
most in their minds, and the persistency 
with which these great, and sometimes 
fateful, issues have been pressed upon 
the people has been one among many ob- 
structions to the enlargement and pro- 
gress of our work. 

Robert Hall described "war as a repeal 
of all the moral virtues." Sherman's 
more laconic characterization, "War is 
hell," is a volume in a sentence. When 
the Holy Spirit is supplanted by the mili- 
tary spirit, when the glories of war are 
paramount to the glory of God, when the 
acquisition of territory and the subjuga- 
tion of peoples is enthroned above justice 
and mercy, when race or color, and not 
character or conduct, is a test of citizen- 
ship, when the damning anti-Christ of 
self mounts the throne, and me and mine 
outrank the epitomized decalogue of "su- 
preme love to God and equal love to 
man," the outlook is disheartening and 
the call to earnest protest and vigorous 
action imperative. Reverence for God, 
the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, for the 
Living Oracles, the sacred Sabbath, the 
House of Prayer or the sanctity of hu- 
man rights, can no more survive in such 
an atmosphere than a natural body can 
live in a lake of literal fire and brimstone. 

Just in proportion to the prevalence of 
selfishness will be the mania for theater- 
going, horse-racing, gambling, card par- 
ties and lodge fellowship. And there will 
be a craving for the dime novel and the 
more pretentious gilt-edged fiction, with 

a corresponding neglect of substantial 
reading, and especially of the Word of 
God. The extent to which such evils 
have grown calls for the deepest solici- 
tude on the part of every Christian, and 
presents one of the greatest hindrances 
to our work. 

"The best thing corrupted becomes the 
worst," is a time-honored proverb. In 
the multiplication of lodges for women 
we are compelled to face another serious 
obstacle to our work. Though quite mod- 
ern, it seems to have become a "fad" with 
the progressive, up-to-date, aspirant to 
masculine equality. Some of us can re- 
member when the women were, with rare 
exceptions, our allies and co-workers 
against this enemy of the home and this 
friend of the decorated tempter, but the 
enemy has made serious inroads in their 
ranks. Every considerable lodge has its 
female attachment, for the cultivation and 
practice of secrecy, and the promotion of 
those mutual affinities which shun pub- 
licity under oaths or pledges of lifelong 

It is an ominous prophecy of evil when 
so many mothers in this generation are 
educating their sons and their daughters 
to shun the light and walk in darkness, as 
their parents are doing. That "great red 
dragon" of Revelation who sought "to 
devour the man child as soon as he was 
born," is seconding the work of these 
recreant parents by supplementing the 
education of their children. He has or- 
ganized a "secret society for boys," 
designated "The Coming Men of Amer- 
ica." This juvenile order is entered by 
an oath or pledge of concealment, and 
furnished with a paraphernalia modeled 
after the pattern of Masonry. "It admits 
only white boys of good character," leav- 
ing religion and politics alone, to prevent 
friction, while to widely disseminate its 
influence it publishes a twenty-four page 
monthly called "The Star." 

This paper is filled with wild and most 
fascinating tales of fiction, and blood- 
curdling adventures among cannibal sav- 
ages, ghost-inhabited caverns, and love 
escapades. Looking through its Septem- 
ber issue, I find but one commendable 
feature, and that is the mechanical work 
of the photographs of twelve faces, said 
to be "model members" of the order. The 
frontispiece represents a boy sending a 

November, 1900. 



bullet from his revolver through the 
heart of a negro, and is more fitting to be 
exhibited at the portals to hades than to 
adorn the cover of a magazine for boys, 
or the present or coming man of Amer- 

Add to these the influence of ministers 
who are "unequally yoked with unbeliev- 
ers" in the lodges, or who, having es- 
caped the snare themselves, fail to warn 
others, and the example of our Chief Ex- 
ecutive and a large percentage of his sub- 
ordinate officials, and we stand at the 
base of a most formidable mountain of 
Discouragement, capped and wrapped in 
the icy folds of worldly wealth and splen- 
dor, held in the iron grasp of a proscrip- 
tive and diabolical system, instituted and 
propagated by the father of lies. 

Brethren, "what shall we, then, say to 
these things?" Can we say with Paul, 
"None of these things move me, neither 
count I my life dear unto myself, so that 
I might finish my course with joy?" 

I read in the prophesy of Zechariah of 
coming convulsions, when a "great 
mountain" shall be thrown down. "Not 
by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, 
saith the Lord." When the second judg- 
ment trumpet sounded John saw, "as it 
were, a great mountain, burning with 
fire, cast into the sea." I hear the Master 
saying, "With men this is impossible ; but 
with God all things are possible." Be- 
yond the cycle of years, from the throne 
of universal dominion I hear the procla- 
mation, "All power on earth and in heav- 
en is given into my hands," backed by the 
relentless fiat, "Those mine enemies 
which would not that I should reign over 
them, bring hither and slay them before 
me." Wherefore, then, should we doubt 
or be discouraged, even though we may 
have fallen upon perilous times foretold 
in the last days. Should we not the rath- 
er accept the counsel of the Apostle Pe- 
ter, to "gird up the loins of your mind ; be 
sober, and hope to the end for the grace 
that is to be brought unto you at the reve- 
lation of Jesus Christ." 

James P. Stoddard. 

Boston, Oct. 3, 1900. 

According to latest statistics, the Grand 
Lodge of Texas is eighth numerically 
among the Grand Lodges of the United 

fable Ml 


Baby holding his mother's hand, 
Says '"Good night," to the big folks all, 

Throws some kisses from rosy lips, 
Laughs with glee through the lighted hall, 

Then in his own crib, warm and deep, 

Baby is tucked for a long night's sleep. 

Gentle mother, with fond caress, 

Slips her hand through his soft brown hair! 
Thinks of his fortune, all unknown, 

Speaks aloud in an earnest prayer: 
"Holy angels, keep watch and ward, 
God's good angels my baby guard!" 

"Mother, what is an angel like?" 
Asked the boy in a wondering tone; 

"How will they look if they come here,- 
Watching me while I'm all alone?" 

Half with shrinking and fear spoke he; 

Answered the mother, tenderly: 

"Prettiest faces ever were known, 
Kindest voices and sweetest eyes." 

Baby, waiting for nothing more, 
Cried, with a look of sweet surprise, 

Love and trust in his eyes of blue. 

"I know, mother; they're just like you!" 


Professor Mead's advice to young 
women, "Let nothing jar you," is kindly. 
But what are they to do in a crowded ca- 
ble car going round a curve? — Journal of 


"What we count as an achievement," 
said a man "depends. Thus my six- 
year-old son ran in this morning as I was 
reading the paper. 

" 'Papa,' says he. 

" 'What?' says I. 

" 'I've put on my own stockings !' says 
he, and he called my attention further to 
th fact that he had got the seams straight 
down the back." — New York Sun. 

Irate Professor — "How dare you swear 

before me. 
ed to swear 



"How did I know you want- 
first?" — Selected. 



November, 1900. 

Our preacher perplexed 
How shall we determine, 

"Watch and pray," says the text, 
"Go to sleep," says the sermon. 

An Irishman went to a lawyer with a 
case, but the attorney wanted a retainer. 
The Irishman was poor, and finally the 
lawyer said he would take the case on a 
contingent fee. 

It was settled; but the contingent fee 
part of the agreement bothered the client. 
He confided his ignorance to his friend 
Paddy, and asked for an explanation. 

"An' it is the meanin' of a contingent 
fee yer after knowin' ? Shure, I'll tell ye ! 
A contingent fee means that, if ye lose 
the case, the lawyer gits nothin' ; if ye 
win, ye git nothin'." — Spare Moments. 


At small Edith's school the teacher 
daily gives the children written exercises 
in the English language; sometimes they 
copy poetry from the blackboard, or 
write letters, or answer advertisements. 
The other day this "Wanted" advertise- 
ment appeared on the board, and all the 
little girls were required to hand in writ- 
ten applications in reply : "Wanted, a mil- 
liner. Apply by letter to Miss Smith, 10 
Blank street." 

Small Edith's application was promptly 
handed to the teacher, and it read as fol- 
lows : 

"Dear Miss Smith : I saw you want a 
milliner. I hate to trim hats. Can't you 
get somebody else? Please let me know 
at once. Edith Jones." — Pearson's 

Things are prone to look rosy when 
w T e run into debt, but not long afterward 
everything is dun-colored. — Journal of 

Mrs. Bingo — You must be careful 
what you say to cook, dear, or she will 

Bingo — Why, was I hard on her? 

Mrs. Bingo — Were you? Why, any 
one would have thought you were talk- 
ing to me. 

Dorothy was taking her first ride m 
country, when suddenly the carriage 
wheels began to squeak. After a few mo- 
ments she exclaimed, in apparent dis- 
tress, "I — I think I'd better get out, the 
wagon's groaning so!" — Youth's Com- 

"Papa, I know what makes people 

laugh in their sleeves." 

"Well, my son, what makes them?" 
' 'Cause that's where their funny bone 


"You must remember," said the proud 
Yankee girl, "that I am a Daughter of 
the Revolution." 

"Pooh !" exclaimed the beautiful, dark- 
eyed woman from Cuba, "I am the 
Daughter of Six Revolutions." 

"I presume you carry a memento of 
some kind in that locket of yours?" 

"Precisely ; it is a lock of my husband's 

"But your husband is still alive!" 

"Yes, but his hair is all gone." 

Chinese boys are very fond of asking 
riddles, and some of the juvenile prodi- 
gies of ancient days are represented as 
having been very clever in composing 
these enigmas. A few, somewhat similar 
in form to many popular English riddles, 
are the following: 

"What is the fire that has no smoke 
and the water that has no fish ?" 

"A glow worm's fire has no smoke, 
and well water has no fish." 

"Mention the name of an object with 
two mouths, which travels by night and 
not by day?" 

"A lantern." 

"What are the eyes of heaven, the 
bone os water and the looking-glass of 
the sky?" 

"Stars, ice and the sea." 

"What is it that has a gaping moutn 
and maiches on like an invading army, 
devouring at every step?" 

"A pair of scissors cutting cloth/' — 

November, 1900. 


torn ffiitr Jiail. 


Fire and water are equal to destroy. 
My loss by fire has financially ruined 
me, involving my home, which is mort- 
gaged for $600, and will soon go unless 
paid. I received on my first appeal but 
$10 from friends. Will not some dear 
brethren send me $50, others $25, and a 
goodly number $5 and $10, which will 
greatly help me. Do, and God will bless 

I have worked twenty -six years, most- 
ly in Kansas, in earnest labor in preach- 
ing the glorious gospel and in reform 
work, and expect to while I live, and I 
feel sure my friends will come to my res- 
cue to save my home. Address all letters 
to Rev. J. A. Richards, 1138 East Wall 
street, Fort Scott, Kansas. 


Beaconsfield, South Africa, Aug. 27, 

Editor of Christian Cynosure : 

We receive the Cynosure in this coun- 
try through our agents in Holland, and 
we rejoice that you are continually busy 
exposing Masonry, one of the great evils 
of the world. I hope and pray that God 
will abundantly bless your work. 

You know that the English have been 
for some time in possession of the most 
important places in the Boer Republics. 
By continuing the fight, the Boers seem 
to expect to retain some kind of inde- 
pendence, a privilege which they have 
really forfeited by their actions ; and the 
British nation will not be foolish enough 
to allow it again, having experienced the 
evil consequences of granting the Boers 
a limited independence in 1881, on ac- 
count of which they now have to spend 
perhaps $500,000,000, besides many 
thousands of precious lives, and bringing 
the whole British nation into mourning. 

It has been repeatedly said, and with 
truth, that were any independence to be 
left to the Boers, after a few years the 
same conflict would have to be waged 
again, and perhaps, for England, with 

worse results. For the Boer nation seem- 
ed to be determined to drive the English 
nation into the sea, as they have often 
said, and be the only possessors of South 

The Boers never intended to give the 
English, who already were a majority in 
the Transvaal, such substantial rights as 
to enable them to participate in the gov- 
ernment of the country, to which they 
contributed about four-fifhs of its rev- 
enue. In the Cape Parliament it was re- 
cently said that if the Transvaal Govern- 
ment had given to their so-called Uitland- 
ers one-fourth of the rights which colored 
people enjoy under the British Govern- 
ment in Cape Colony, there would have 
been no war. In face of these facts, the 
Boers and their friends, who appear to 
be many, maintain that England wants 
to oppress these simple and pious Boers, 
and that the Boers were forced into the 
war and were justified in sending Eng- 
land such an insulting ultimatum, forc- 
ing her to fight, for which she seemed ill- 
prepared, causing- her at first such awful 

The English always expected the Boers 
would concede to them the little riehts 
they asked, but the latter would have 
none of that, and they intended to estab- 
lish a Boer Government in South Africa, 
which they knew would never be accom- 
plished without fighting. Therefore, they 
started the war, for which they were fully 
prepared, as events have shown, and the 
majority of thern were never in doubt of 
victory, their general talk being that one 
Boer was able to fight ten English sol- 

The leaders of the Boers, however. 
reckoned on the assistance of about 50.- 
000 or 60,000 men from Cape Colony, and 
they expected that if they should still 
come to want, they would get foreign in- 
terference, for which they meant to have 
made proper preparation by sending 
many lying stories through the newspa- 
pers in other countries, about the inno 
cence and piety of the Boers, and the 
greediness and wickedness of England, 
for which doubtful service they paid 
much money. 

We pray and expect that God will soon 
give peace and justice in this glorious 
country of South Africa. Yours in Christ, 
(Rev.) W. Hasenberg, Missionary. 


November, 1900. 

Ilotcc0 from tlje JoHt. 

•'For nearly two hundred years," says 
Grand Master Bowen, in bis address to tbe 
Grand Lodge of Iowa, "for nearly two hun- 
dred years has speculative Masonry existed in 
its present form." 

Quite a moderate claim. 


In the Grand Lodge of West Virginia 
steps have been taken to abolish the Past 
Masters degree. — Texas Freemason. 

Follow up the good work and abolish 
the Masters. 

Bicycle bells are now made witb lodge em- 
blems emblazoned thereon in colors, so as to 
be distinguished plainly as the cyclist whisks 
by. Is not that carrying the fraternity ad- 
vertising beyond the limit of propriety?— 
Texas Freemason. 

We have seen the square and compass 
on a fire-proof safe ; possibly as a check 
to a Masonic burglar. 

It is noticeable that in "fraternal" periodi- 
cals devoted to fraternal societies generally, 
Masonry occupies the largest proportion of 
space. This is perfectly natural, as the satel- 
lites are always subordinate to the planet.— 
Texas Freemason. 

And unfortunately in this case they 
shed similar darkness and share in the 
same eclipses. 

It is suggested by a brother of experience 
that, in order to insure a good attendance at 
Masonic funerals, a banquet be spread on 
their return to the lodge room for those who 
participated.— Texas Freemason. 

It would doubtless intensify fraternal 
grief, especially if care were given to pro- 
viding a full supply of Templar refresh- 

Brother Kuhn, of the Orient and Sheaf, 
Kansas City, Mo., wants to know if we 
would accept a .$1 subscription from a wood- 
en-leg Free Mason. "Cert.," brother, we 
have subscribers even among the negro so- 
called Masons, and hope they are learning 
something to their benefit. It will take more 
than $1 to change our ideas of right and 
wrong.— Texas Freemason. 

The point is that there can be no such 
thing as a Freemason with a wooden leg, 
unless he had been previously initiated. 

An Entered Apprentice asked me the other 
day: "What do you see in Masonry to at- 
tract you and bring you to lodge meetings so 
frequently? I admit my ignorance beyond 
the first degree, but in that degree I cannot 
see any attracting force for a man of your 
idol-smashing, iconoclastic tastes."— Stanley 
Johnson, in Texas Freemason. 

After ignorance beyond the first de- 
gree ceases, the question remains. 

Whatever the origin of Freemasonry, its 
history is marked by the influence of its 
principles upon all succeeding generations. 
* . * * Not even those who have come 
within the mystic circle can estimate its full 
power as a factor in the problem of life. 
Withdrawing from the gaze of the world, 
asking nothing from its favor, independent 
of its power or opinion, Masonry lives a law 
and power unto itself.— Charles C. Hutchin- 
son, Grand Master, Massachusetts. 

That might be all right if the law were 
good, and the power wisely and virtu- 
ously exercised. But Masonry has en- 
acted too much of what a leading Ma- 
sonic organ itself calls "asinine" legisla- 

A resolution will be offered in the next 
meeting of the Grand Lodge of Canada by 
Bro. J. Ross Robertson, authorizing subor- 
dinate lodges to adopt a by-law requiring 
four black balls to reject. This is a very 
pernicious species of special legislation.— 
Texas Free Mason, June, 1899. 

One reason why it is pernicious is that 
it makes it harder for a member in the 
lodge to save a misguided friend from 
joining. There is a rescue power in a 
black ball. It closes the door against a 
victim and shuts him out from imprison- 
ment and bondage. 

"We liken our order, as the 'Hand 
Maid of the Church' even to the 'Rock of 
Ages.' ' — Past D. D. G. M. Robt. W. 
Montgomery's Anniversary Address to 
an Odd Fellows' Lodge. Printed in O. 
F. Siftings, June io, 1899. 

It is painful to repeat this, and we ex- 
pect it to prove painful to read; but it 
shows what is possible to the lodge mind, 
and this possibility should be known. 
The order in question calls Christianity 
"a sect," and forbids the mention of Je- 
sus' name in lodge prayer. 

November, 1900. 



Iem0paper0 ant) Reform 


The policy of Freemasonry in this 
country has long been to pose as a hand- 
maid of Christianity. In older countries, 
however, its true infidel character has 
been unmasked. A letter just received 
from Rev. Henry Easson, of the Cov- 
enanter Mission at Larnica, Cyprus, says 
that the common people there understand 
Freemasonry and infidelity to mean the 
same thing. He says "The leaders in the 
Greek Church here, in order to frighten 
their people away from us, have sent out 
the word that we are Freemasons. At 
first we did not regard the report as seri- 
ous, but lately it has come out that there 
are many Freemasons in the Greek 
Church here in Cyprus, and the Masons 
and anti-Masons are fighting each other. 
It was published in a paper in Nicosia 
that the Bishop of the Greek Church here 
was a Freemason. He was greatly ex- 
cited over the report, and wrote a denial 
of it in the Greek paper called 'The Un- 
ion.' The editor also came out strongly 
against the Masons. As the people were 
much excited over it, I also published a 
statement in regard to the position of our 
Church on the question of Masonry." 

Bro. Easson finds himself in the midst 
of an anti-Masonic agitation, and re- 
quests any friends who can to mail him 
at Larnaca, Cyprus, any literature they 
have on the subject. 

Chicago, June 26. — "The Christian In- 
structor," July 3, 1900. 


I have made the rounds of eight camp 
and other large gatherings of Christian 
people within the last forty days. I have 
distributed literature freely and while not 
permitted to give addresses, I have per- 
sonally conversed with groups and indi- 
viduals without restriction. I have met 
scores of ministers and men who are 
strongly opposed to the secret lodges, 
and not a few who have once been mem- 
bers, but have ceased to be "unequally 
yoked with unbelievers." And what is 
more encouraging, only one among the 

advocates of secrecy has shown a factious 
and acrimonious spirit, in its defense. He 
was a youthful specimen of the Liberal 
School, whose ancient prototype was 
"wiser in his own conceits than seven 
men who could render a reason." Of 
course my work has been among devoted 
and spiritual worshipers, who "fear God 
and tremble at his word," but even the 
nominal churchling is less blatant and 
more respectful in defense of sworn 
Brotherhoods and a Christ dishonoring 
religion. Speaking of the trend of pub- 
lic opinion in Boston on the lodge ques- 
tion, a very prominent minister and able 
journalist ventured the prediction in my 
hearing only a few days ago, that even 
Dr. Geo. C. Lorimer would yet abandon 
and renounce his lodge fellowship and 
cease to "meet on the level and part on 
the square" with Samuel C. Lawrence 
and kindred souls, to which I most hear- 
tily responded "Amen ! So mote it be." 
And why not? Stranger things have 
happened since the tomb dwellers in Ga- 
dara were restored, and Saul was con- 
verted on his way to Damascus. Many 
of the Doctor's true friends are praying 
that his eyes may be opened, and the 
prayer of faith may bring the hour and 
the act of emancipation. Let every Chris- 
tian pray and patiently wait for it. 

James P. Stoddard. 
Aug. 28, 1900. 


How Shall the Women Compete? 

The relation of secret societies to the 
home is touched upon in an impartial ar- 
ticle in the North American Review for 
May. While admitting that there are 
many elevating and ennobling elements 
in these fraternities, the writer declares 
that "the broad, rich acre* of man's self- 
ishness are nowhere more carefully fer- 
tilized, tended, tilled and reaped than in 
the lodge room." This selfishness is 
seen, not only in seeking pleasure which 
cannot be shared with their wives, and 
in shutting them out from their confi- 
dence, by also spending enormous sums 
of money for personal gratification. The 
estimate of the author is that probably 
not less than $250,000,000 are annually 
spent in this way. Shall wives and 



November, 1900. 

daughters insist on the right to spend 
dollar for dollar for adornment or pleas- 
ure the amount given by the men of their 
households for dues, regalia, uniforms, 
plumes, banners, banquets and traveling 
expenses? What shall the "women at- 
tached" to the 5,400,000 members of the 
secret orders in the United States do to 
maintain or reclaim their equal privi- 
leges of companionship, expenditure and 
conviviality ? — Christian Conservator. 


The liquor merchants and bartenders 
have organized a lodge of their own. un- 
der the name of "Knights of the Royal 
Arch." It is somewhat on the order of 
the Odd Fellows, Masons and other se- 
cret societies. It is supposed to aid its 
members in case of sickness, and to care 
for the family of any member removed 
by death. But it makes no provision for 
relieving the wants of families whose 
means of sustenance has been squander- 
ed at the bar. It provides no clothing for 
the wife and child when the drunken 
father has pawned the remnants of their 
scanty wardrobe and poured the pro- 
ceeds of the cruel sale down his burning 
throat, to make himself less of a husband 
and less of a father to them than he had 
been before. It pays no funeral bills for 
those who are hurried into eternity out 
of a drunken sleep, and have left the en- 
tire proceeds of their toil in the till of 
the saloonkeeper, and have thrown them- 
selves into the hopper of his drunkard- 
making machine. It pays no benefits to 
the wife robbed of a husband, the widow 
robbed of a son, the orphan robbed of a 
father, by the knife or bullet of a drink- 
crazed madman. Nay, this is the harvest 
upon which it feeds. The misery of the 
multitude is the ponderous mint that is 
pouring a continuous stream of gold into 
their hungry coffers — blood money of the 
innocents. And what are the people be- 
ing asked to do with this insatiate de- 
stroyer ? They are being asked to pray 
and vote for the closing of the saloons on 
Sunday! Another "righteous compro- 
mise,'' and just as unrighteous as was 
that so-called "righteous compromise" 
which permits and propagates in India 
the wickedness of social vice ! Every 
compromise with evil is a victory for 

evil. The consistent Christian can not 
afford to "give aid and comfort to the 
enemy.'' The saloon is an eyil every day 
in the week. Its work can not be made 
righteous, honest, or elevating by closing 
its doors one day in seven. — "The Signs 
of the Times." 


A certain company reports 350,000 
members, holding policies $2,000 each; 
aggregate, $700,000,000. A liberal esti- 
mate paid by each member would be 
$500; aggregating $175,000,000 paid in; 
leaving a deficit of $525,000,000 to come 
from some source to meet actual obliga- 
tions. Besides, add the running ex- 
penses of the society, including fat sal- 
aries for its officers. Are not all such 
firms insolvent? A bank that receives 
money when it is insolvent falls under 
the ban of the law. Should not these in- 
surance companies be dealt with in the 
same manner? 

Be it remembered that there is no 
guarantee for the payment of this $175,- 
000,000. Many of these policy holders 
are poor, cannot even pay their rent, and 
they are at liberty to decline payment of 
their dues at any time. There is not a 
business in our land that is so void of 
business principle as life insurance; and 
there is no business that has such con- 
tinued failures. An underwriter handed 
me a list of 400 companies that had to 
quit their iniquitous business. I have 
the statement that the superintendent in 
the State of Kansas reported the failure 
of 1.700 companies in his State alone. — 
Rev. I. J. Rosenberger, in the Gospel 
Messenger, Oct. 6, 1900. 

"About a third of a century ago, dur- 
ing the years immediately succeeding 
our Civil War, many thousands sought 
and gained admission into Masonry." 

"Seeing no beauty in the institution, 
they soon ceased their attendance at the 
lodge meetings, and, neglecting to pay 
their dues, were dropped." 

"Others paid up arrearages and re- 
ceived demits." — R. A. correspondence 
report, 1898. 

About the same time before the war, 
Masonry had been ruined in the North 
by its own infamous misconduct. 

November. 1900. 




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Mention this paper 



November, 1900. 



The accompanying chart represents one hundred and forty two degrees. 

I. The American Rite of 13 degrees; 2. The Scotch Rite of 33 degrees, 

3. The Egyptian Rite of 96 degrees. 4. The Mystic Shrine of one degree. 

5. The Eastern Star of 5 degrees for Master Masons and for worsen. These are side degrees, and not 
genuine masonry. 

The Symbolic degrees, or Blue Lodge of three degrees, are common to every Masonic rite, whether 
American, Scotch, or Egyptian, or whichever of the Masonic rites, named in Mackey's Masonic Encyclo- 
pedia one may choose to investigate. 

This chart shows in the Blue Lodge the position of the Worshipful Master and some of the other offi- 
cers of the lodge. Several positions of the ca xiidate who is being initiated are also shown, In the Master 
Mason's degree is recognized the murder : buriat and resarrectW «Jeoe »o full oi raligjoas signific "nee to 



fi 71 

9.4 6,. 


*J f. 


4.0 f 

9 7.1. 

9.2 7 

4.4 r. 

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Thirty Years' Service on the Un 
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in the War. 

This is a story of a wonderful life. The author was an active Anti-Slavery 
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of the sick and wounded. Through her efforts more than 2,000 Union soldiers 
were liberated. She accomplished a great work in providing for the Freedmen 
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There Arc 
Men and Women 

Who are outside all our moral crusades of to- 
day, living on the ancestral heroisms achieved 
at Naseby, or Bunker Hill, or Gettysburg. 
* * This won't do. Give me the young man 
who never heard of Cromwell or of Brewster, 
but who is wide-awake to the significance of 
every modern campaign against social and 
moral iniquities. Give me the young man 
who does not think that every national dan- 
ger disappeared with absolutism at Worces- 
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Gettysburg. * * * Give me the young man 
who has drunk deep of the spirit of those 
mighty progenitors of ours who knew the 
worth of ecclesiastical liberty, and joyfully 
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let his sisters in the same spirit turn— to the 
life of to-day. Let young America and young 
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and speak, live and die, to make righteous- 
ness, peace, truth, brotherhood, freedom the 
dominant, sovereign facts of the life of their 
kindred nations, for the happiness of their 
peoples and for the instruction and inspira- 
tion of mankind.— From address of Rev. C. 
Silvester Home at the International Council. 


Portrait— Rev. H. H. Hinman 233 

Portrait— Mrs. Anna E. Stoddard 245 

Boxers of America .233 

Thrilling Fraternal Rites 235 

Call for Convention— New England 235 

The Timidity of Sin 235 

Moslem Missionaries for America 236 

"Out-Heroding Herod" 237 

The Execution of Penalties 238 

An Objectionable Expression 238 

"And There Are Others" .... . . :h 238 

Avoid the Lodge 239 

Alas! for the Sheep-Cartoon 240 

Ministers and Secret Societies .240 

Can You Speak? 241 

Prayer Meeting Talks 241 

"Few Lodges Are Solvent" 241 

Show Your Colors 242 

School and Home Education 245 

Faculty May Suppress It 245 

Remove the Causes 243 

Not Masons 243 

Speculative Masonry Modern 243- 

Table Talk 244 

News of Our Work— Rev. Wm. Fenton, 

W. B. Stoddard 245-24$ 

Collins' Interesting Itineracy 246- 

"To the Work, to the Work"— P. F. 

Timber 247 

Secretary Stoddard in Ohio Convention . 248 

Minutes New Concord Convention 248 

Resolutions Ohio Convention 249 

Correspondence 250-252 

Seceders' Testimony — Dr. S. Joseph, 

(continued) 252-256 

Ancient Order United Workmen 257-264 




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While the Boxer movement in China, 
with its dark catalogue of cruelty, crime 
and murder, admits of no defense, there 
are some considerations which should 
modify our judgment, and some lessons 
we should learn in public and political 

First, this great uprising was not with- 
out some real, and to the masses of the 
Chinese, much-seeming occasion. Sec- 
ond, that blame rests not so much on the 
ignorant masses as on "the blind leaders 
of the blind," who were in authority. 
Even they failed to realize how great a 



December, 1900. 

wrong they were doing to China, to them- 
selves, and to humanity. And, third, that 
the Boxer movement has had its parallel 
in our own country. Considering the dif- 
ference in the intelligence and moral en- 
lightenment, we have little occasion to 
throw stones at our unfortunate neigh- 
bors in the Orient. 

The Know-nothing movement of 1853- 
56 was a purely anti-foreign and anti- 
Roman Catholic uprising. They were 
what the Boxers would have been in 
America, a secret conspiracy against the 
Constitution and laws, but restrained by 
the general influence of Christianity. 
Both were secret societies, of which the 
people had little knowledge until they 
were astonished by the tremendous mani- 
festations of power, and both were alike 
unscrupulous in the use of means to ac- 
complish political ends. Mr. George W. 
Julian, in his "Political Recollections," 
says that the Know-nothings suppressed 
the right of free speech and broke up such 
political meetings as they could not con- 
trol. In the elections of 1854 they car- 
ried the great States of New York and 
Pennsylvania and most of the States of 
the South and West, including Illinois, by 
a large majority. They looted and burned 
up Roman Catholic convents in Boston 
and Louisville, Ky. The "irrepressible 
conflict"' between slavery and freedom, 
which was then to all thinking m